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5th Form Matrices

CXC Past Paper Questions

May 2007

A, B and C are 2 2 matrices such that A = a b , B= 5 3 and C = 14 0 . Find,

C d 3 2 -9 5

Find:

i) 3A ii) B-1 iii) 3A + B-1

iv) The value of a, b, c and d given that 3A + B-1=C

January 2009

Calculate the matrix product 3AB, where A = 1 2 and B = 1 3

2 1 2 5

May 2008

X and Y are two matrices where X = -2 0 and Y = 4 -1 . Evaluate X2 + Y

5 1 3 7

June 1990

A= 3 5 and B = 6 4

1 0 -1 -2

i) Calculate the matrix product AB


ii) If C = x -8 and 2A + C = AB. Calculate

4 y

iii) Calculate 2A 3B
June 2000

Given that P = 2 1

5 -3

i) Evaluate the inverse, P-1 of P


ii) Use a matrix method to solve x 2 +y 1 = 7
6 -3 1

January 2000

a) M is the matrix -4 x . Calculate the value of x which would make M a singular matrix.

10 -5

b) Given that -3x + 2y = - 11

5x + 4y = 33

i) Express the simultaneous equations in the form CX = D, where C, X and D are matrices.
ii) Hence calculate the value of x and y

Jan 2002

a) Find the values of x for which the matrix P = 3x 4 is a singular matrix.

6x x

b) If M = 3 2 , calculate:

2 1

i) The determinant of M
ii) M-1
iii) Hence, calculate x and y for 1.5x + 2y 5 = 0
4x + 2y 10 = 0

May 2009

The value of the determinant of M = x 4 is 13, calculate the values of x.

3 x

May 2005

Given that M = 2 5

7 15
i) Show that M is a singular matrix.
ii) Write the inverse of M
iii)
Write down the 2 2 matrix which is equal to the product of M M-1
iv)
Pre multiply both sides of the following matrix equation by M-1

2 5 x = -3

7 15 y 17

May 2006

The value of the determinant of M = 2 3 is 9.

-1 x

i) Calculate the value of x

ii) For this value of x, find M -1

iii)Show that M M-1 = I

June 1997

In a competition, 3 points are awarded for winning a match, 0 points if the match was lost, and 1 point
for a draw. The results of 7 matched played by 3 teams, J, K and L are: Team J won 3, lost 1 and drew
3.Team K won 2, lost 4 and drew 1. Team L won 3, lost 2 and drew 2.

i) Write a column matrix to represent the points award for win, lose and draw. Name the
matrix P.
ii) Write a matrix to represent the results of the matches played by the 3 teams. Name the
matrix R.
iii) Construct a matrix product which may be used to find the number of points each team was
awarded at the end of the competition.
iv) Using your matrix product, calculate the total points awarded to each team.