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6.

2 Convert a pressure of 30 N/m2 to

a. bar

5 2
1 10 N /m

30 N/m2 = 30 N/m2 = 3 x 10-4 bar

b. psia

1 psia
2 2 -3
30 N/m = 30 N/m ( 6,89476 x 10 ) = 4,35 x 10 psia
3

c. atm

1 atm
30 N/m = 30 N/m ( 1,01325 x 10 5 N /m2 ) = 29,6 x 10-5 atm
2 2

6.4 the specific internal energy of a closed system is 1200 kJ/kg, its specific volume is 0,01 ft3/lbm, and a
pressure is 10 atm. Calculate the specific enthalpy in Btu/lbm.

0,45359 kg 1 Btu
Ans U = 1200 kJ/kg ( 1 lb m )( 1,05506 kJ ) = 515,9 Btu/lbm

H = U + P.V

= 515,9 Btu/lbm + 10 atm . 0,01 ft3/lbm

= 515,9 Btu/lbm + 0,1 atm.ft3/lbm

1,01325 x 10 5 N /m2 1 lbf / ft 2 1 ft /lbf


3
= 515,9 Btu/lbm + ( 0,1 atm. Ft /lbm) ( 1 atm )( 47,880 N /m ) (
2
1,35582 J )

1055,06 J
( 1 Btu )

= 515,9 Btu/lbm + 164000 Btu/lbm

= 164.515,9 Btu/lbm

6.5 The pressure, volume, and temperature of an ideal gas at one set of conditional (denoted by subscript 1) can
be related to corresponding values of pressure, volume, and temperature at another set of conditions
(denoted by subscript 2) via the equestion
p1 v 1 p2 v 2
T1 = T2

Given P1= 10 atm V1 = 100 , T1 = 1000C P2 = 100 psig and T2 = 1000F. Calculate the volume in in3 at
condition 2.

Ans P2 = 100 + 14,7 = 114,7 psia x 14,7 atm = 1686,09 atm

1K
T2 = 1000F = (100 + 459,67)0R x 1,8 0 R

1 0c
= (559,67/1,8 273.15) K x 1K

= 37,780C

p1 v 1 p2 v 2
T1 = T2

10 atm x 100 L 1686,09 atm v2


100 0C = 0
37,78 C

10 x 37,78 x 100 L = 1686,09 x 100V2

V2 = 0,224 L

1000 cm3 1 3
V2 = ( 0,224 L) ( 1L ) ( 16,387 cm3 )

= 13,669 in3

6.6 Which the following quantities of work is largest in magnitude : 105 ft.lbf, 104 Btu, 104 kJ, 50 KWh, 5 x 103
kcal, or 1010 kg. Cm2/min2 ?

Ans : dimisalkan semua satuan kerja yang di soal di konversikan ke kJ

1,35528 J 1 kJ
a. 105 ft.lbf ( 1 ft /lbf ) ( 1000 J ) = 13,5528 kJ
1055,06 J 1 kJ
b. 104 Btu ( 1 Btu ) ( 1000 J ) = 10550,6 kJ
1 hp .h 2544,5 Btu 1,05506 J
c. 50 KWh ( 0,7457 kW . h ) ( 1 hp .h ) ( 1 Btu ) = 180 kJ

4,1840 kJ
d. 5 x 103 kcal ( 1 kcal ) = 20,92 x 103 kJ
2
1m 1 min 1J 1 kJ
e. 1010 kg. Cm2/min2( 10 4 cm 2 ) ( 60 s )2 ( 1 kg . m2 /min2 ) ( 1000 J ) = 2.778 kJ

Jadi kuantitas kerja yang paling besar adalah 104 Btu, 104 kJ, 5 x 103 kcal, 50 KWh, 105 ft.lbf, dan
1010 kg. Cm2/min2.

6.7 Calculate the value of the gas constant R in hp. h/lbmol.0R given that R = 8.31343 J/(gmol. K). Use only
exact conversion factors, if possible.
2544,5 Btu 1055,06 J 1lbmol 1K
0
Ans : R = hp. h/lbmol. R ( 1 hp .h ) ( 1 Btu ) 453,59 gmol ) ( 1,8 R ) = 8,31343 ( 88,08)

J/(gmol. K) = 335,30 J/(gmol. K)


6.8 The value of a heat transfer coefficient is 200 Btu/h.ft2.0F. calculate its value in SI units (J/s. m2. K).
0,29307W 1J /s 3,2808 ft 1,8 0 F
Ans : Q = 200 Btu/h.ft2.0F ( 1 Btu /h ) ( 1 W ) ( 1m )2 ( 1 K ) = 1135,62 J/s. m2. K

6.9 A Syrup has a viscosity of 500 contipoises (1 centipoises = 10-2 g/cm.s). Calculate its viscosity in lbm/ft.s
Ans : 500 contipoises = 500 x 10-2 g/cm.s = 5 g/cm.s
1lbm 1 00 cm 1m
5 g/cm.s ( 453,59 gr ) ( 1m ) ( 3,2808 ft ) = 2,97 lbm/ft.s

6.10 A gas has a density 0f 0.005 lbmol/ft3 and a molecular weight of 100 lb/lbmol. Calculate its density in
g/cm3.
Ans : = 0,005 lbmol/ ft3 x 100 lb/lbmol = 5 lb/ft3

453,59 gr 1liter 1 ft 3
3
= 5 lb/ft ( 1 lb ) ( 1000 cm 3 ) ( 28, 317 liter ) = 0,080 g/cm3.

6.11 The normal human body temperature is taken to be 98,70F. What is it in 0C ?

1K
Ans : 98,70F = (98,7 + 459,67 )0F 0
1,8 R

0
1 c
= (558,37/1,8 273.15) K x 1K

=37,05 0C

6.12 The temperature on the beach read 400C. What is the temperature in 0F ?

Ans : 400C = 32 + 1,8 (0C)


= 32 + 1,8 (400C)

= 1040F

6.13 The heat capacity of a gas in J/kgmol . K is given by

Cp = 25 + 0,1T + 0,0001T2 10-6T3 + 10-9T4

Where T is in K. Develop a heat capacity equation for Cp in Btu/lbmol. 0R where the temperature is
expressed in 0R.

T 1 +T 2
2
Cp ( T ) dt=Cp
Ans : T
2 ) (T2-T1)
1
T

b 2 2 c 2 2 d 2
= a (T2-T1) + ( T2 - T1 ) + ( T2 - T 1 ) (T2 T1) + 8 ( T2 -
2 4

T 21 )2

Anggap T2 = 2000C, T1 = 250C maka

Cp ( T ) dt=
T2 0,1 0,0001 106
0 2 2 3 3
25 (175 C) 2 (473 298 ) + 3 ( 473 - 298 ) 4 ( 4734 - 2984) +
T1

9
10
5 ( 4735-2985)

4375 6746,25 + 23808,0675 10542,12 4265-15

= 20122,047 J/kgmol . K dikonversikan ke Btu/lbmol. 0R

1 Btu 453,59 kgmol 1.8 0 R


= 20122,047 J/kgmol. K ( 1055,06 J ) ( 1lbmol ) ( 1 K ) = 571,518

Btu/lbmol. 0R

6.14 At what the temperature, in 0C, would a thermometer calibrated in K read the same as thermometer
calibrated in 0F ?

Ans : dimisalkan kalibarsi 400F


5
0
C= 9 x (t(0F) 32)

5
= 9 x (40 32)

5
= 9 x8

= 4,4 0C

Jadi pada kalibrasi 400F akan sama dengan temperatur 4,40C