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AIX 5L
TCP/IP I: Configuring
(Course Code AU07)

Lab Set Up Guide


ERC 9.1

IBM Certified Course Material


Lab Set Up Guide

Trademarks
The reader should recognize that the following terms, which appear in the content of this
training document, are official trademarks of IBM or other companies:
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
The following are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United
States, or other countries, or both:
AFS AIX AIX 5L
DFS HACMP MVS
pSeries RISC System/6000 RS/6000
SecureWay SP System/370
400
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Intel, Intel Inside (logos), MMX and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the
United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.
Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

June 2006 Edition

The information contained in this document has not been submitted to any formal IBM test and is distributed on an as is basis without
any warranty either express or implied. The use of this information or the implementation of any of these techniques is a customer
responsibility and depends on the customers ability to evaluate and integrate them into the customers operational environment. While
each item may have been reviewed by IBM for accuracy in a specific situation, there is no guarantee that the same or similar results will
result elsewhere. Customers attempting to adapt these techniques to their own environments do so at their own risk.

Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 1997, 2006. All rights reserved.
This document may not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written permission of IBM.
Note to U.S. Government Users Documentation related to restricted rights Use, duplication or disclosure is subject to restrictions
set forth in GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
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TOC Contents
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii

Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Lab Setup Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Set Up Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Contents iii


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

iv AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
V3.1.0.1
Lab Set Up Guide

TMK Trademarks
The reader should recognize that the following terms, which appear in the content of this
training document, are official trademarks of IBM or other companies:
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
The following are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United
States, or other countries, or both:
AFS AIX AIX 5L
DFS HACMP MVS
pSeries RISC System/6000 RS/6000
SecureWay SP System/370
400
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft
Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Intel, Intel Inside (logos), MMX and Pentium are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the
United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.
Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Trademarks v


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

vi AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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without the prior written permission of IBM.
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Lab Set Up Guide

LSGp Purpose
This Lab Set Up Guide provides directions for installing, preparing, and verifying the lab
hardware and software in preparation for conducting a class of course AU07, ERC 9.1.
The Requirements sections of this document may also be used to determine the specific
hardware and software needed to conduct a class.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Purpose vii


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

viii AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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LSG Requirements
The following tables list the hardware, software, and other materials needed to set up a lab
to conduct a class of course AU07, ERC 9.1.

Hardware Requirements
Table 1 lists the hardware needed to prepare one student lab set. The class is designed to
be run in teams of 2 to 3 students. Each team will use one lab set, consisting of 5 LPARs: 1
VIOS LPAR and 4 AIX LPARs.
The Static Routing exercise configures routing between two lab sets, therefore a minimum
of two lab sets are required for the class.
When preparing for a class, multiply the items below by the number of lab sets needed for
the class.

Table 1: Hardware for one student lab set


Machine
Machine Type Number needed Features
Model
System must have:
Minimum of two processors.
Minimum of 4 GB memory.
Minimum of 2 physical disks with
minimum of 40GB of disk space:
One per team of 2 to - 1 for the VIOS rootvg, min 20GB
9111-520
3 students - At least 1 for the AIX LPARs with
at least 20GB of space
Integrated Dual Gigabit Ethernet
Adapter.
Advanced POWER Virtualization
p5 feature.
System must have:
Minimum of two processors per team.
Minimum of 4 GB memory per team.
One set of 5 LPARs Minimum of 2 physical disks with
9113- 550 (1 VIOS LPAR and 40GB disk space per team:
or 4 AIX LPARs) per 1 X 20GB for VIOS LPAR
9117-570 team of 2 to 3 4 X 5GB for AIX LPARs
studentsa Integrated Dual Gigabit Ethernet
Adapter.
Advanced POWER Virtualization
feature.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Requirements 1


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Lab Set Up Guide

Table 1: Hardware for one student lab set


Machine
Machine Type Number needed Features
Model
HMC system
7310-CR3
for a POWER5
or one per p5 system
managed
7310-C04
system
Students require access to a local
workstation running either Linux,
PC or Windows XP, or AIX V5.3, so that they
Classroom
pSeries one per student may run the WebSM application to
workstation
system access the HMC remotely, and open
multiple terminal windows to telnet to the
AIX partitions on the managed system.
a. We believe it would be possible to deliver this class with multiple lab sets config-
ured on one p550 or p570 system. However, we have not tested this. If a delivery or-
ganization wants to do this, it should be tested before first delivery. There may be
some adjustments needed to the LPAR configurations. Also, the instructor may need
to give special instructions to the students for this configuration.
NON-POWER5-BASED EQUIPMENT
This course was designed specifically for POWER5-based systems. Exercises 2, 4 and 7
in particular, just cannot be performed on non-POWER5-based systems. In addition, the
other exercises assume the lab setup described here, so you would have to provide
considerable extra explanation to the students. Also, there are significant hardware
requirements if using non-POWER5-based systems: In order for the other exercises to
function as written, you would need four AIX systems per team. The rte systems (one per
team) need three Ethernet adapters each. The srv, sys1 and sys2 systems would need at
least two Ethernet adapters each. Three adapters are required for the second part of the
Static Routing exercise (Exercise 5).
If you do not have POWER5-based systems available for delivery, we believe the best
option is to use the latest version of the course that is not based on POWER5. This would
be AU07 ERC 7.

Software Requirements
Table 2 and Table 3 list the software needed to prepare the student and/or instructor lab
set(s). When preparing for a class, be sure you have the correct number of licensed copies
of any non-IBM software.

Table 2: HMC software/platform firmwarea


HMC software p5 platform firmware WebSM client software
b
V4.5 +MH00324 145

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LSG Table 2: HMC software/platform firmwarea


HMC software p5 platform firmware WebSM client software
V5.1+MH00507 180 b
b
V5.2 + MH00586 185
a. Exercises were tested on the HMC software/platform firmware
combinations shown. There are several differences between the
versions which affect one of the exercises in a minor way. These are
noted in the exercise instructions.
b. You must install the WebSM client software from an HMC running
the HMC software version you will be using.

Table 3: Software for LPARs


AIX software VIOS softwarea
V5.3 ML03 or V1.1.1.41 or
V5.3 ML04 V1.2.1.0-FP-7.1
a. There are several differences between the
VIOS versions which affect one of the exer-
cises in a minor way. These are noted in the
exercise instructions.

Table 4: Software for Classroom Workstations


PC software
You must install the WebSM client software from an HMC
running the HMC software version you will be using.
Point a web browser to:
WebSM client http://XXXX/remote_client.html
where XXXX is the IP address or fully qualified hostname of
one of your HMC systems.
Let the instructor know where you put this file.
LVT
Suggest PuTTY:
SSH client
http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/
Aventail, VNC, etc. As required by your lab environment.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Requirements 3


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LSG Lab Setup Files


Table 5 lists the files required to perform lab setup for this course. The files should be
provided along with this lab setup guide.

Table 5: Lab Setup Files


Name Purpose
Install image for AIX LPARs.
root password in image is q1307.
mksysb_534_q1307
Or you can install AIX V5.3 ML03 or 04 and manually install
additional filesets and tar file as described below.
Install image for VIOS LPARs. Image includes a script to create
virtual resources for the AIX LPARs. You will need to edit it for
mksysb_q1307_vios your situation.
padmin password in the image is abc123.
Or you can install VIOS 1.2.1 or 1.1.1 manually.
Configuration files for AIX LPARs. This file is not needed if you
q1307.tar
install the mksysb_534_q1307 file.

Product Documentation Requirements


Table 6 lists documentation needed to conduct the class. Quantities are specified for each
class, each lab set, or each student.

Table 6: Product Documentation needed for class


Document Name Form Number Entire Class Each Lab Set Each Student
N/A
No hardcopy documentation is required for the class, however it is useful for students to be
able to access the online AIX documentation. This can either be installed on each system
using CD media, or if the systems have Internet access, the students can access the
documentation online.

Special Materials Requirements


Table 7 lists any special materials or supplies such as configuration diskettes, project
tapes, or bugged logic cards needed to conduct the class. Quantities are specified for each
class, each lab set, or each student.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Lab Setup Files 5


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Lab Set Up Guide

Table 7: Special Materials needed for class


Item Description Entire Class Each Lab Set Each Student
N/A

IP Address and Network Connection Requirements


Each student lab setup requires the use of 5 IP addresses and hostnames for the 5 LPARs,
plus IP address/hostname for the HMC.
The IP addresses should be on the same subnet. While the IP addresses do not need to be
in a contiguous range, it would be helpful if they were.
The hostnames do not need to be in a prescribed format. DNS name resolution is optional
for the class exercises. However, if you are planning on installing the LPARs from the CDs
and want to move the CD drive between partitions using DLPAR, DNS is required as the
HMC does not support /etc/hosts based name resolution.
The addresses required are:
1 IP address/hostname is required for the HMC system.
1 IP address/hostname is required for the Virtual I/O Server partition (VIOS).
1 IP address/hostname is required for each of the four AIX partitions (rte, srv, sys1 and
sys2).
1 IP address/hostname may be required for the managed system if the connection to
the HMC is on a public network.
Each managed system requires two physical network connections. That is a network cable
must be connected from each of two physical Ethernet adapters to the network switch or
hub used in your lab.

Instructor information
The instructor for the course must be provided with the following information:
IP address, netmask and hostname information for the HMC and for the AIX and VIOS
partitions on each p5 system
Gateway IP address for the p5 systems
DNS server IP address and domain name for the p5 systems (if DNS is in use)
Location of the WebSM client on the classroom systems. (and any other classroom
system software)
Passwords that are configured for:
- hscroot userid on the HMC
(suggest abc1234)
- padmin user for the Virtual I/O Server partitions
(If using the mksysb_q1307_vios mksysb, the password is abc123)

6 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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LSG - root user on the AIX partitions


(If using the mksysb_534_q1307 mksysb, the password is q1307)
- Userid and password to be used for the classroom workstations

Skills Required to Set Up the Lab


The following specialized skills are required to set up the lab:
Advanced AIX and POWER5-based system administration skills, in particular LPAR
configuration/activation, and use/setup of a NIM environment. This lab setup guide does
not explain how to install or configure a NIM server, however it provides hints that may be
of use when using a NIM server to install the lab systems.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Lab Setup Files 7


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without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

Set Up Instructions

Configuration Information
The following describes the configurations of the student lab systems.

Hardware Set Up Instructions


Use the following information in addition to the normal hardware installation procedures to
set up the lab hardware.
__ 1. This course requires use of a POWER5-based system with the features described in
Table 1, Hardware for one student lab set, on page 1.
Ideally all systems used in the course should be configured in an identical manner
as regards adapter type and placement, however this may not always be possible.
__ 2. There must be at least two Ethernet adapters per managed system and both must
be connected to the lab network.
__ 3. The HMC can be connected to the managed system on either a private or public
network.
__ 4. Ensure the HMC is running HMC code as shown in Table 2, HMC software/platform
firmware, on page 2.
__ 5. Ensure the managed system has firmware level matching the HMC software level as
shown in Table 2, HMC software/platform firmware, on page 2.
__ 6. The workstations the students will use to access the HMC must be installed with the
WebSM client code that is downloaded from the HMC used for the class. This is
particularly important if the student workstations are running Linux.
Open a web browser on the student workstation, and go to the following URL:
http://HMCaddress/pc_client.html
You will be prompted to authenticate with the HMC. Use the hscroot userid and
password, then follow the instructions to download the WebSM client for the
operating system running on the student workstation.

Partition and Profile Defaults


This course requires five partitions with one profile each to be defined on each
HMC/managed system. All of the partitions and profiles have some default values where
applicable, as described in Table 8 and Table 9 below.

8 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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LSG
Table 8: Partition and Profile Defaults
Partition/Profile Attribute Value
Boot mode Normal
Auto start No
Shared processing pool utilization authority Yes
Connection monitoring No
Power controlling LPAR IDs None
Uncapped weight 128
Lpar I/O Pool IDs None

Table 9: Profile Virtual Device Defaults


Virtual Slot Number Device Type
0 Serial
1 Serial

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 9


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HMC and Managed System Set Up Instructions


Use the following information in addition to the normal software installation procedures to
set up the HMC and managed system partition configuration.
In the tables below, a Mode value of uncapped means the partition is an uncapped shared
processor partition. A Mode value of capped means the partition is a capped shared
processor partition. A Mode value of dedicated means the partition uses dedicated
processors.
__ 1. On the HMC GUI, delete the current partition and profile definitions. You can delete
all partitions and profiles using the following steps in the HMC GUI. Select the
managed system, and right click. A popup menu will appear. Select Profile
Information --> Initialize from the menu. A popup window will appear asking you to
confirm the removal of all partition and profile information from the managed system.
Click the OK button to continue.
NOTE: The tables below show the virtual slot numbers we used when creating these
LPARs on a p520 system. You can use different slot numbers if you need to, as long
as you preserve the relationships. You may need to use different slot numbers,
especially if you are using p550 or p570 with multiple LPAR sets on one managed system.
__ 2. Define the VIOS partition and its profile as described in the tables below. you are
using a p550 or p570 with multiple LPAR sets in each managed system, number the
VIOS partitions: VIOS1, VIOS2, VIOS3, etc.
Table 10: VIOS Partition Information
Partition Name LPAR ID Environment
VIOS 1 Virtual I/O Server

Table 11: VIOS Processor and Memory Definitions


Profile Memory Processing Units Processors
Mode Sharing Mode
Name Min Des Max Min Des Max Min Des Max
default-v 736 736 752 0.4 0.4 0.4 1 1 1 Shared Uncapped

Table 12: VIOS I/O Definition


Adapter Slot Location Description
All physical I/O adapters are allocated to
All physical adapters Any
the VIOS.a
Virtual SCSI Server virtual slot 5 Any client partition can connect
Virtual SCSI Server virtual slot 6 Any client partition can connect
Virtual SCSI Server virtual slot 7 Any client partition can connect
Virtual SCSI Server virtual slot 8 Any client partition can connect
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 10 PVID = 1, Trunk Adapter = true
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 11 PVID = 4, Trunk Adapter = true
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 12 PVID = 3, Trunk Adapter = true
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 13 PVID = 1, Trunk Adapter = false

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LSG a. If you are planning on installing the LPARs from the product media, you
should make the DVD drive adapter be a Desired resource. Other physical
adapters should be Required.
The exercises assume that each set of four AIX LPARs is served by one VIOS
partition. If you need to have multiple AIX LPAR sets served by one VIOS partition
for shared Ethernet Adapter resources, then Exercise 7 (Shared Ethernet Adapter)
will need to be performed together by the affected teams. For example, if lab set 1
(rte1, srv1, sys11 and sys12) and lab set 2 (rte2, srv2, sys21 and sys22) are both
served by one VIOS partition for shared Ethernet adapter resources, then team1
and team2 must work together on Exercise 7, and so forth.

__ 3. Create the rte partition and its profile as described in the tables below. If you are
using a p550 or p570 with multiple LPAR sets in each managed system, number the
rte partitions: rte1, rte2, etc.
Table 13: rte Partition Information
Partition Name LPAR ID Environment
rte 5 AIX/Linux

Table 14: rte Processor and Memory Definitions


Memory Processing Units Processors
Profile Name Mode Sharing Mode
Min Des Max Min Des Max Min Des Max
default-r 736 736 736 0.4 0.4 0.4 1 1 1 Shared Uncapped

Table 15: rte I/O Definition


Adapter Slot Location Description
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 2 PVID = 1, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 3 PVID = 2, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 4 PVID = 4, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual SCSI Client virtual slot 5 Connects to Slot 5 on VIOS partition

__ 4. Create the srv partition and its profile as described in the tables below. If you are
using a p550 or p570 with multiple LPAR sets in each managed system, number the
srv partitions: srv1, srv2, etc.
Table 16: srv Partition Information
Partition Name LPAR ID Environment
srv 6 AIX/Linux

Table 17: srv Processor and Memory Definitions


Memory Processing Units Processors
Profile Name Mode Sharing Mode
Min Des Max Min Des Max Min Des Max
default-srv 736 736 736 0.4 0.4 0.4 1 1 1 Shared Uncapped

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 11


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Table 18: srv I/O Definition


Adapter Slot Location Description
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 2 PVID = 1, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 3 PVID = 2, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual SCSI Client virtual slot 6 Connects to Slot 6 on VIOS partition

__ 5. Create the sys1 partition and its profile as described in the tables below. If you are
using a p550 or p570 with multiple LPAR sets in each managed system, number the
sys1 partitions: sys11, sys21, sys31, etc.
Table 19: sys1 Partition Information
Partition Name LPAR ID Environment
sys1 7 AIX/Linux

Table 20: sys1 Processor and Memory Definitions


Memory Processing Units Processors
Profile Name Mode Sharing Mode
Min Des Max Min Des Max Min Des Max
default-s1 736 736 736 0.4 0.4 0.4 1 1 1 Shared Uncapped

Table 21: sys1 I/O Definition


Adapter Slot Location Description
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 2 PVID = 1, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 3 PVID = 2, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual SCSI Client virtual slot 7 Connects to Slot 7on VIOS partition

__ 6. Create the sys2 partition and its profile as described in the tables below. If you are
using a p550 or p570 with multiple LPAR sets in each managed system, number the
sys2 partitions: sys12, sys22, sys32, etc.
Table 22: sys2 Partition Information
Partition Name LPAR ID Environment
sys1 8 AIX/Linux

Table 23: sys2 Processor and Memory Definitions


Memory Processing Units Processors
Profile Name Mode Sharing Mode
Min Des Max Min Des Max Min Des Max
default-s1 736 736 736 0.4 0.4 0.4 1 1 1 Shared Uncapped

Table 24: sys2 I/O Definition


Adapter Slot Location Description
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 2 PVID = 1, Trunk Adapter = false
Virtual Ethernet virtual slot 3 PVID = 2, Trunk Adapter = false

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LSG Table 24: sys2 I/O Definition


Adapter Slot Location Description
Virtual SCSI Client virtual slot 8 Connects to Slot 8 on VIOS partition

Virtual I/O Server Software Set Up Instructions


Use the following information to set up the Virtual I/O Server partition software. This must
be done before you can install the AIX partitions on the managed system.
You can either install the VIOS partition using:
The installios command from the HMC
Directly from the DVD drive in the managed system.
Using a mksysb resource from a NIM server
You can use the mksysb_q1307_vios file supplied, or you can install one VIOS
partition, then create a mksysb resource and use that to install the remaining VIOS
partitions.
__ 1. Activate the VIOS partition using the default-v profile.
__ 2. Connect to the VIOS partition using the HMC virtual console.
__ 3. Install the VIOS partition as described in the product documentation, using the
appropriate version of the Virtual I/O Server product media.
OR
Install from a mksysb using NIM. If using the supplied mksysb_q1307_vios
mksysb, you should use an AIX 5.3 ML4 spot.
Note: It is important that the Virtual I/O Server code be installed onto the disk
labelled as hdisk0.
__ 4. When the partition reboots after the installation procedure, login as the user
padmin. If installing from the mksysb_q1307_vios mksysb, the password is
abc123.
__ 5. Change the password for the padmin account, using the passwd command, if
needed.
__ 6. Accept the Virtual I/O Server software license agreement with the following
command:
$ license -accept
__ 7. Enter the root user environment with the following command:
$ oem_setup_env
__ 8. From the root user environment, use SMIT to set the correct date, time and time
zone.
# smitty date
# smitty chtz

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 13


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__ 9. Return to the padmin CLI environment by typing Ctrl-D or exit.


__ 10. In the next steps, you will be creating virtual resources for your AIX LPARs. You will
have to perform these steps on the VIOS partition of each managed system. It may
be convenient for you to create a script that performs these tasks, and ftp the script
to each VIOS partition. This will reduce the chances of making a mistake in the
configuration process. If you installed the VIOS LPAR using mksysb_q1307_vios,
there is a script in padmins home directory (q1307setup.sh), which can be used as
a template for creating these resources. You will likely need to modify the script for
your environment, see step __ 12., on page 14 through step __ 16., on page 16 for
details.
__ 11. Use rmtcpip to clear the network setup before configuring the network. After
running rmtcpip, run cfgdev to rediscover the network devices.
Note: If you performed a fresh install (not from a mksysb), this step is not needed,
but it does no harm.
$ rmtcpip -all
$ cfgdev
__ 12. Next you will be creating two Shared Ethernet Adapters. But first you need to identify
which AIX virtual adapter name is associated with which port VLAN ID (PVID).
Use lsdev | grep ent to list your Ethernet adapters. You should see:
At least two physical adapters (In our example, there were three: two on the dual
port adapter and one on the other adapter)
Four virtual adapters
If you are using VIOS 1.1.1, the virtual adapters will be first (ent0 - ent3 will be
virtual). If you are using VIOS 1.2.1, the physical adapters will be first (ent0 - ent2
will be physical).
Using lsdev -dev entX -vpd, associate each virtual adapter name to its port
VLAN ID (PVID), using the slot number. Make notes in Table 25, VIOS Virtual
Adapters, on page 15. Weve provided the slot number to PVID associations based
on the slot numbers we suggested in Table 12, VIOS I/O Definition, on page 10. If
you used different slot numbers, make the appropriate substitutions.

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LSG Table 25: VIOS Virtual Adapters


Virtual
adapter Virtual slot ID Bridged Port VLAN ID
name
ent__ 10 Y 1
ent__ 11 Y 4
ent__ 12 Y 3
ent__ 13 N 1
__ 13. Next you need to identify which physical adapters are connected to the network. If
you only have the Integrated Dual Gigabit Ethernet Adapter, this is obvious - they
both must be connected. If you have an additional adapter, you must know which
adapters are connected to you network. Note which adapters are connected in the
table below:

Table 26: VIOS Physical Adapters


Physical
Slot
adapter Description Connected (Y or N)
number
name
ent__ 2-Port 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter

ent__ 2-Port 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter

ent__ 10/100 Mbps Ethernet PCI Adapter II

__ 14. Create the first shared Ethernet adapter (SEA). This adapter should link VLAN 1
with the external network using one of the physical adapters which is connected to
the network. You should have two virtual adapters with PVID=1 and two physical
adapters connected to the network. Choose one of each and create the first SEA.
In our example, if ent0 and ent1 are physical adapters connected to the network
and ent3 and ent6 are virtual adapters with a PVID of 1, you could use ent0 and
ent3 to create the first SEA as shown below:
$ mkvdev -sea ent0 -vadapter ent3 -default ent3 -defaultid 1
__ 15. Create the second shared Ethernet adapter (SEA). This adapter should link VLAN 4
with the external network using one of the physical adapters which is connected to
the network. Choose the physical adapter not used in the previous step and the
virtual adapter with PVID=4 and create the second SEA.
In our example, if ent1 is the physical adapter connected to the network that was not
used in the previous step and ent4 is the virtual adapter with a PVID of 4, you could
use the following command to create the second SEA:
$ mkvdev -sea ent1 -vadapter ent4 -default ent4 -defaultid 4

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 15


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

__ 16. Configure the TCP/IP settings for the partition. Use the mktcpip command to
configure IP access to the VIOS partition. Use the second virtual Ethernet adapter
with PVID=1 and the IP address, hostname, etc. for the VIOS partition.
In our example, ent3 and ent6 are the two adapters with PVID=1. ent3 was used in
the first SEA (step __ 14., on page 15), so we used en6. This example assumes the
hostname, IP address, netmask, gateway and DNS information used in our lab.
Replace with the correct values for your environment. Again, DNS is optional.
$ mktcpip -interface en6 -hostname laurel175.beaverton.ibm.com \
-inetaddr 9.47.88.175 -netmask 255.255.255.0 -start \
-gateway 9.47.88.1 -nsrvaddr 9.0.8.1 -nsrvdomain beaverton.ibm.com
For reference, Figure below, shows the network configuration used for this class.

AU07 lab Network Configuration


rte1 srv1 sys11 sys12 VIOS1 ent 6
VSlot=13
PVID=1
ent2 ent1 ent0 ent1 ent0 ent1 ent0 ent1 ent0 en6
ent 8 ent 7
virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual SEA SEA
PVID=4 PVID=1
ent 4 ent 1 ent 3 ent 0
en2 en1 en0 en1 en0 en1 en0 en1 en0 VSlot=11 Physical VSlot=10 Physical
PVID=4 Adapter PVID=1 Adapter

VID=1 9.X.L

VID=2 10.0.1
VID=4 10.0.100

rte2 srv2 sys21 sys22 VIOS2 ent 6


VSlot=13
PVID=1
ent2 ent1 ent0 ent1 ent0 ent1 ent0 ent1 ent0 en6
ent 8 ent 7
virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual virtual SEA SEA
PVID=4 PVID=1
ent 4 ent 1 ent 3 ent 0
en2 en1 en0 en1 en0 en1 en0 en1 en0 VSlot=11 Physical VSlot=10 Physical
PVID=4 Adapter PVID=1 Adapter

VID=1 9.X.L

VID=2 10.0.2
VID=4 10.0.100
lab network

Lab Router
9.X.X.X 9.X.L.1

__ 17. The following sequence of steps will create virtual SCSI target devices for your AIX
partitions. You must provide a minimum of 5GB for each AIX LPAR. The two steps
below show two different ways to accomplish this:

16 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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without the prior written permission of IBM.
V3.1.0.1
Lab Set Up Guide

LSG __ a. If you have enough disks so that each AIX LPAR can have its own disk, you can
create the virtual SCSI target devices using a full disk as the backing store for
the virtual SCSI device for each LPAR.
In our example, hdisk0 is the rootvg for the VIOS. The disks hdisk1, hdisk2,
hdisk3 and hdisk4 are used to create the virtual SCSI target devices using
using the following commands:
$ mkvdev -vdev hdisk1 -vadapter vhost0
$ mkvdev -vdev hdisk2 -vadapter vhost1
$ mkvdev -vdev hdisk3 -vadapter vhost2
$ mkvdev -vdev hdisk4 -vadapter vhost3
__ b. Alternatively, you could create a separate logical volume for each AIX LPAR. And
then use the LVs as backing store for the virtual SCSI devices.
The example assumes that you have sufficient space in rootvg:
$ mklv -lv lpar5_rootvg rootvg 5G hdisk0
$ mklv -lv lpar6_rootvg rootvg 5G hdisk0
$ mklv -lv lpar7_rootvg rootvg 5G hdisk0
$ mklv -lv lpar8_rootvg rootvg 5G hdisk0

$ mkvdev -vdev lpar5_rootvg -vadapter vhost0


$ mkvdev -vdev lpar6_rootvg -vadapter vhost1
$ mkvdev -vdev lpar7_rootvg -vadapter vhost2
$ mkvdev -vdev lpar8_rootvg -vadapter vhost3
__ 18. This concludes the configuration of the VIOS partition.

AIX Partition Set Up Instructions


Use the following information in addition to the normal software installation procedures to
set up each of the AIX partitions. Each AIX partition (rte, srv, sys1 and sys2) has an
identical configuration.
It is strongly suggested that you use NIM to speed installation. You can use the
mksysb_534_q1307 mksysb provided, or you can install one partition following the
instructions below. Then create a NIM mksysb resource from this partition and use that
mksysb to install the other AIX partitions.
Each managed system has 4 AIX partitions, so it is worth the investment to configure a NIM
environment to perform the install. This will allow you to install all four AIX partitions on a
managed system concurrently, since if you install from CD media, you will only be able to
install one partition at a time.
You may perform a non-prompted restore of the NIM mksysb resource on a partition if you
use a BOSINST_DATA resource configured with the CONSOLE field set to /dev/vty0.

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 17


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

The following instructions reference the partition LPARX. Substitute LPARX with the name
of the partition you are installing (rte, srv, sys1 or sys2) .
__ 1. Activate the partition LPARX using its profile.
__ 2. Connect to the LPARX partition using the HMC virtual console.
__ 3. Install AIX 5L V5.3 ML04 either using CD media or from a NIM server.
__ 4. Verify the following steps, most of these steps will not be needed if you are installing
using a mksysb:
__ a. Configure the TCP/IP settings and hostname using en0. (you may not have to do
this if you installed the AIX image from a NIM server).
__ b. Once the base install of AIX is complete, install the following filesets if they are
not already installed:
- All filesets from the bos.net package, except
bos.net.ipsec.websm
bos.net.mobip6.rte
__ c. Configure the date, time and time zone correctly (you may not have to do this if
you installed the AIX image from a NIM server).
__ d. Edit the file /etc/netsvc.conf to contain an entry as follows:
hosts = local,bind
__ e. IMPORTANT: Please perform this step.
Copy the tar file to each partition. Extract the lab files using the following
command:
# tar xvf q1307.tar
# cp /etc/hosts /etc/hosts.orig
# cp /etc/hosts.rte /etc/hosts
__ f. Rename any /etc/resolv.conf files:
# mv /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.hide

Verification and final configuration


Perform the following steps to verify the class setup.
__ 5. Verify that the rte LPARs have /etc/hosts that matches the following list. If not, edit
and add these entries:
# Internet Address Hostname # Comments
127.0.0.1 loopback localhost# loopback (lo0) name/address

## Network Address Assignment


## black network
## en0 usage for Internet network access

18 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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without the prior written permission of IBM.
V3.1.0.1
Lab Set Up Guide

LSG ## assignment from network administration


##
## blue network
## en1 for network 10.0.n.x
## where n is your network number and x is your team number

# team 1 - Washington
10.0.1.1 sys11 Washington1
10.0.1.2 sys12 Washington2
10.0.1.3 srv1 sys13
10.0.1.4 rte1 sys14

# team 2 - Adams
10.0.2.1 sys21 Adams1
10.0.2.2 sys22 Adams2
10.0.2.3 srv2 sys23
10.0.2.4 rte2 sys24

# team 3 - Jefferson
10.0.3.1 sys31 Jefferson1
10.0.3.2 sys32 Jefferson2
10.0.3.3 srv3 sys33
10.0.3.4 rte3 sys34

# team 4 - Madison
10.0.4.1 sys41 Madison1
10.0.4.2 sys42 Madison2
10.0.4.3 srv4 sys43
10.0.4.4 rte4 sys44

# team 5 - Monroe
10.0.5.1 sys51 Monroe1
10.0.5.2 sys52 Monroe2
10.0.5.3 srv5 sys53
10.0.5.4 rte5 sys55

# team 6 - JQAdams
10.0.6.1 sys61 JQAdams1
10.0.6.2 sys62 JQAdams2
10.0.6.3 srv6 sys63
10.0.6.4 rte6 sys64

## red network
## en2 on router systems for network 10.0.100.r

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 19


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

## where r is the router number for your team

# team 1
10.0.100.1 router1 sys101

# team 2
10.0.100.2 router2 sys102

# team 3
10.0.100.3 router3 sys103

# team 4
10.0.100.4 router4 sys104

# team 5
10.0.100.5 router5 sys105

## green network
## en2 on host systems for network 192.168.n.x
## where n is your network number and x is your host number
# team 1
192.168.10.1 s11 sys111
192.168.10.2 s12 sys112
192.168.10.3 serv1 sys113

# team 2
192.168.20.1 s21 sys121
192.168.20.2 s22 sys122
192.168.20.3 serv2 sys123

# team 3
192.168.30.1 s31 sys131
192.168.30.2 s32 sys132
192.168.30.3 serv3 sys133

# team 4
192.168.40.1 s41 sys141
192.168.40.2 s42 sys142
192.168.40.3 serv4 sys143

# team 5
192.168.50.1 s51 sys151
192.168.50.2 s52 sys152
192.168.50.3 serv5 sys153

20 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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V3.1.0.1
Lab Set Up Guide

LSG
# team 6
192.168.60.1 s61 sys161
192.168.60.2 s62 sys162
192.168.60.3 serv6 sys163

## yellow network addresses


## when performing DHCP exercise
# team 1
192.168.70.11 dhcp11 sys711
192.168.70.12 dhcp12 sys712

# team 2
192.168.70.21 dhcp21 sys721
192.168.70.22 dhcp22 sys722

# team 3
192.168.70.31 dhcp31 sys731
192.168.70.32 dhcp32 sys732

# team 4
192.168.70.41 dhcp41 sys741
192.168.70.42 dhcp42 sys742

# tean 5
192.168.70.51 dhcp51 sys751
192.168.70.52 dhcp52 sys752

# team 6
192.168.70.61 dhcp61 sys761
192.168.70.62 dhcp62 sys762

## Orange Network
## Virtual IP Addresses
# team 1
172.16.1.1 vip1 sys911

# team 2
172.16.2.1 vip2 sys912

# team3
172.16.3.1 vip3 sys913

# team 4

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 21


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

172.16.4.1 vip4 sys914

# team 5
172.16.5.1 vip5 sys915

# team 6
172.16.6.1 vip6 sys916
## End of file

__ 6. Verify that the rte LPARs each have three Ethernet interfaces:
# lsdev -Cc if
en0 Available Standard Ethernet Network Interface
en1 Defined Standard Ethernet Network Interface
en2 Defined Standard Ethernet Network Interface
et0 Defined IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Network Interface
et1 Defined IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Network Interface
et2 Defined IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Network Interface
lo0 Available Loopback Network Interface
__ 7. Verify that the srv, sys1, and sys2 LPARs each have only two Ethernet interfaces:
# lsdev -Cc if
en0 Available Standard Ethernet Network Interface
en1 Defined Standard Ethernet Network Interface
et0 Defined IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Network Interface
et1 Defined IEEE 802.3 Ethernet Network Interface
lo0 Available Loopback Network Interface
__ 8. en0 should be configured on all four AIX partitions with an IP address valid for your
lab environment (step __ a., on page 18). Verify that the classroom workstations can
ping each other using en0.
For example, if you had five LPARs at 9.47.88.171, 9.47.88.172, 9.47.88.173,
9.47.88.174 and 9.47.88.175, you could use a for loop on each AIX LPAR:
# for i in 171 172 173 174 175
do
ping -c1 9.47.88.$i
done
__ 9. Configure en1 on all four LPARs with the following addresses and verify that all four
LPARs can ping each other using the en1 interfaces:
__ a. rte:
# ifconfig en1 10.0.1.4 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ b. srv:
# ifconfig en1 10.0.1.3 netmask 255.255.255.0

22 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


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without the prior written permission of IBM.
V3.1.0.1
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LSG __ c. sys2:
# ifconfig en1 10.0.1.2 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ d. sys1:
# ifconfig en1 10.0.1.1 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ e. All four LPARs
# for i in 1 2 3 4
do
ping -c1 10.0.1.$i
done
__ 10. Configure en2 on the rte partitions with the following addresses and verify that they
can ping each other using the en2 interface and the second SEA on the VIOS
partition.
This example assumes you have four lab sets and thus four rte partitions, adjust for
the actual number of lab sets you have:
__ a. On the first rte partition:
# ifconfig en2 10.0.100.1 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ b. On the second rte partition:
# ifconfig en2 10.0.100.2 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ c. On the third rte partition:
# ifconfig en2 10.0.100.3 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ d. On the fourth rte partition:
# ifconfig en2 10.0.100.4 netmask 255.255.255.0
__ e. On each rte partition :
# for i in 1 2 3 4
do
ping -c1 10.0.100.$i
done
__ 11. IMPORTANT: Please perform this step.
Unconfigure all Ethernet interfaces, delete their definitions in ODM and rediscover
the interfaces using cfgmgr.
On each AIX partition (rte, srv, sys2 and sys1):
# for i in 1 2 3
do
ifconfig en$i detach
rmdev -dl en$i
done

Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006 Set Up Instructions 23


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
Lab Set Up Guide

# cfgmgr
__ 12. IMPORTANT: Please perform this step:
Clear the default gateway on all AIX systems.
On each AIX partition (rte, srv, sys2 and sys1):
First you need to get the current default route, if there is one:
# netstat -rn|grep default
default 9.47.88.1 UG 0 0 en0 - -
If there is no default route, you are done with this step. If there is a default route, use
lsattr to gather the route definition from the ODM:
# lsattr -El inet0 -a route
route net,-hopcount,0,,0,9.47.88.1 Route True
Then use the output from the lsattr command as arguments for the chdev
command to remove the route:
# chdev -l inet0 -a delroute=net,-hopcount,0,,0,9.47.88.1
inet0 changed
Finally verify that the default route is removed:
# netstat -rn
__ 13. This concludes the configuration and verification of the AIX partitions.

Instructor information
The instructor for the course must be provided with the following information:
IP address, netmask and hostname information for the HMC and for the AIX and VIOS
partitions on each p5 system
Gateway IP address for the p5 systems
DNS server IP address and domain name for the p5 systems (if DNS is in use)
Location of the WebSM client on the classroom systems. (and any other classroom
system software)
Passwords that are configured for:
- hscroot userid on the HMC
(suggest abc1234)
- padmin user for the Virtual I/O Server partitions
(If using the mksysb_q1307_vios mksysb, the password is abc123)
- root user on the AIX partitions
(If using the mksysb_534_q1307 mksysb, the password is q1307)
- Userid and password to be used for the classroom workstations

24 AIX 5L TCP/IP I: Configuring Copyright IBM Corp. 1997, 2006


Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
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