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March 27,


1. Which type of errors are easier to detect, errors of omission or

errors of commission?
-Error of commission is easily detected compared to error of omission.
Error of commissions the error out of something an individual did. For
example, giving a wrong drug. In this case there is something to be proven
or tested. Unlike the error of omission, which an error resulting to
something an individual didnt do, there are only limited factors for it to be

1. What features might you expect to see in a pharmacy that

has a culture of safety?
-A pharmacy that has a culture of safety centers professional work on
safety as a priority. Actions and words are coherently derived from the
goal of keeping safety a critical need. There are developed systems to
promote safety, leadership and cooperation, omission of the culture of
blame and the will to share useful information.

2. What is a pharmacists responsibility within the medication

use system? What is not the Pharmacists responsibility?
-The Pharmacist is involved in educating the patients and consulting with
them to bring medication use process in formality. The Pharmacist is also
responsible in improving labeling methods that makes communication with
the patient effective. A pharmacist must keep up with the medication
literature for drug error information and take action for prevention. The
verification of accuracy of new prescription data, monitoring of errors,
corrections, and the reporting of errors are the movement a Pharmacist
should not miss in doing. Also, the pharmacist should review medication
records as a part of his or her routine and should monitor patients for high-
risk side effects. Improvisation does not limit to the things listed above.
Various techniques and methods can from time to time be developed by a
pharmacist to improve the patients quality of life. Congressional funding,
the activation of oversight organization and health care payers and patient
participation also factors in improving medication use safety.

3. What do you think are the biggest barriers to a safe

medication use process?
-One of the biggest barriers to a safe medication use process in the
Philippines is the literacy rate. A big percentage of the total population
doesnt know how to read or write. The government takes part in
disseminating information through the Department of Health throughout
the country yet the peoples engagement to the information is radical
existing crisis in the Philippine setting. When the Pharmacist or other
medical professional do well in their respective responsibilities in
promoting safe medication use process, they are being effective in
minimizing errors yet does not justify the efficacy of the whole medication
process as compliance is a contributing factor.
4. What do you think are the biggest barriers to pharmacist
involvement in the medication use process (other than
-In the Philippine setting, it is part of the societal man-made standards
that physicians are of highly adequate professionals. While this is partly
true, this mind-setting also affects how the society degrades the credibility
of other professionals. And one of those are the pharmacists that hold
responsibilities a physician do not. With the given case, the people tend to
distrust pharmacist with the service they are willing to give and to give the
utmost credit to physicians. This results in pushing the pharmacists to
blend with the value the society instill in them. Hierarchy of power
happens in the Philippines professional fieldwork.