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INGLÉS II

LILIA EVELYN GUZMÁN VIDAL

2

INDEX

Page

Presentación

5

Introducción

6

Orientaciones metodológicas

7

UNIT ONE:

A TIME AND A PLACE

8

Lesson 1: Where is the Restaurant?

9

1.1 Expressing time

9

1.2 Simple present

10

1.3 Present Continuous

11

1.4 Imperatives

12

1.5 Language check

13

1.6 Reading

14

1.7 Vocabulary

15

On line Exploring

17

Lesson 2: How was your day?

18

2.1 Food

18

2.2 Would you like

19

2.3 Wh-Questions: who - whose

19

2.4 Verb ‘To Be’ past tense

20

2.5 Language check

21

2.6 Reading

23

2.7 Vocabulary

24

On line Exploring

26

Lesson 3: There was a bug in my soup!

27

3.1 Entertainment and events

27

3.2 There was and there were

28

3.3 Listening

28

3.4 Language check

29

3.5 Reading

31

3.6 Vocabulary

31

Activity

32

Additional Exercises

33

On-line Exploring

34

Bibliographic References

34

Self-Assessment – Unit One

35

UNIT TWO:

MY PAST

37

Lesson 4: Who had an accident?

38

4.1 Life events

38

4.2 Past simple regular verbs

39

4.3 –ed pronunciation

40

4.4 Past simple questions

41

4.5 Language check

41

4.6 Reading

42

4.7 Vocabulary

44

On line Exploring

47

Lesson 5: Music styles

48

5.1 Types of music

48

5.2 Past simple irregular verbs

49

5.3 Questions and negative

50

5.4 Language check

50

5.5 Reading

53

5.6 Listening

54

3

On line Exploring

57

Lesson 6: It’s time for shopping!

58

6.1 Clothes

58

6.2 Wh-questions in the past

58

6.3 Other wh-questions

59

6.4 Language check

60

6.5 Reading

61

6.6 Vocabulary

63

Activity

64

Additional Exercises

65

On-line Exploring

68

Bibliographic References

68

Self-Assessment – Unit Two

69

UNIT THREE:

MAKE ONE CHANGE

71

Lesson 7: The seasons

72

7.1 Seasons and the weather

72

7.2 Simple present and present continuous

73

7.3 Spelling –ing forms

73

7.4 Language check

74

7.5 Reading

75

7.6 Vocabulary

76

On line Exploring

78

Lesson 8: I feel superb!

79

8.1 Feelings and emotions

79

8.2 The definite article: the

80

8.3 Comparative and superlative adjectives

80

8.4 Language check

82

8.5 Reading

83

8.6 Vocabulary

84

On line Exploring

86

Lesson 9: What a night!

87

9.1 Words that go together: food

87

9.2 Countable and uncountable nouns

88

9.3 Quantifiers

88

9.4 Language check

89

9.5 Listening

91

9.6 Vocabulary

91

Activity

92

Additional Exercises

93

On-line Exploring

94

Bibliographic References

95

Self-Assessment – Unit Three

96

UNIT FOUR:

OFF ON HOLIDAY

98

Lesson 10: Are you going to the cinema tomorrow?

99

10.1 Places

99

10.2 Going to for future

100

10.3 Expressions with ‘.have’

100

10.4 Language check

101

10.5 Reading

103

10.6 Listening

104

10.7 Vocabulary

105

On line Exploring

107

Lesson 11: Are you going to take a taxi?

108

4

11.2 Expressions with ‘go’ and ‘play’

108

11.3 Language check

109

11.4 Reading

110

11.5 Vocabulary

111

On line Exploring

113

Lesson 12: Our holidays

114

12.1 Holidays

114

12.2 Compound nouns

114

12.3 Prefixes and suffixes

115

12.4 Language check

115

12.5 Reading

116

12.6 Vocabulary

117

12.7 Song: Eternal Flame

118

Activity

119

Additional Exercises

119

On-line Exploring

121

Bibliographic References

121

Self-Assessment – Unit Four

122

ANSWER KEY

124

Unit one

125

Unit two

131

Unit three

137

Unit four

142

List of Irregular Verbs

147

5

PRESENTACIÓN

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INTRODUCCION

El Cuaderno de Inglés II, ha sido preparado para que el alumno pueda continuar afianzando las estructuras básicas idioma Inglés, repasando lo aprendido en el primer manual y continuando al siguiente nivel.

Este manual contiene muchos ejercicios que deberán ser complementados con otros adicionales, por esto se aconseja que cada vez que sea posible, escuchen canciones, programas, conversaciones, etc. en inglés, y continúen buscando más ejercicios que abundan en la web.

Los vocabularios siempre son importantes para su comprensión y para ampliar su rango de situaciones en las que pueda utilizar lo que está aprendiendo. La pronunciación es importante; continuará hallándolas entre barras y en letras cursivas. /xx/. Ejemplo: car /kár/ elephant /élefant/.

Tenga a mano el mismo cuaderno que usó para sus prácticas del primer manual, además de un buen diccionario bilingüe. Busque otras situaciones donde aplicar lo aprendido e incremente su vocabulario personal.

El presente texto contiene explicaciones gramaticales y ejemplos prácticos para facilitar el aprendizaje del alumno. Una vez comprendida la teoría se continúa con la práctica. Ésta no solamente debe ser escrita, pues el idioma Inglés es muy diferente tanto como se lee que como se escribe, sino que también se debe leer en voz alta para acostumbrarse a los nuevos sonidos que se utilizarán.

Se recomienda que trate de resolver los ejercicios por cuenta propia y al final pueda comparar las soluciones obtenidas con las correctas. Esto le permitirá tener confianza y seguridad sobre lo que está aprendiendo y al mismo tiempo podrá medir sus logros personales. Si su verdadero deseo es ser un buen profesional, hará todo lo posible por ser honrado consigo mismo. Verá que el esfuerzo vale la pena.

¡Qué sus esfuerzos tengan muchos éxitos!

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ORIENTACIONES METODOLÓGICAS

ESTRUCTURA: El manual de INGLÉS II está dividido en Cuatro Unidades Didácticas para facilitar el estudio. Cada Unidad contiene pequeñas lecciones que, en conjunto, deberá estudiar, aprender y practicar en un promedio de tres a cuatro semanas por unidad. La Unidad empieza con un título que le ayudará a tomar conciencia de lo que aprenderá y cómo puede serle útil la información. Cada Lección contiene tanto la explicación como los ejemplos necesarios para su mejor entendimiento. Las lecciones contienen ejercicios, ayudas gramaticales y links para poder practicar lo aprendido.

SUMILLA: La asignatura de Inglés II se encuentra dentro del sistema de cursos dirigidos a la adquisición de la competencia comunicativa; es de naturaleza teórico-práctica.

El

propósito es involucrar al alumno en el desarrollo de habilidades de escuchar, hablar, escribir

y

leer (comprensión de mensajes escritos y orales), proporcionándole los elementos

estructurales necesarios en un nivel básico y utilizando estrategias metodológicas actualizadas con temas de un texto unificado para todas las facultades.

Los contenidos se desarrollan en cuatro unidades temáticas:

1. Un momento y un lugar

2. Mi pasado

3. Hacer un cambio

4. Salir de vacaciones

COMPETENCIA: El estudiante al concluir la asignatura de Inglés II adquirirá y/o reactivará habilidades básicas de: escuchar, hablar, leer y escribir; internalizando temas específicos y gramática básica, haciendo uso de estrategias metodológicas activas e interactivas, complementadas con ayudas didácticas de audio, video, multimedia y recursos virtuales, reconociendo así la importancia del idioma inglés para su desarrolloprofesional y/o académico.

ESTRATEGIA DE APRENDIZAJE: Tenga un buen diccionario bilingüe a mano. (Inglés - español / español – inglés) Consiga uno de bolsillo, de preferencia. Establezca un horario personal de estudio diario. Sujétese a él y no lo varíe por nada. Sea regular y constante. Motívese. Al leer la situación o caso de la Unidad piense: “¿Cómo me puede ayudar esta información?”. Primero, lea bien las instrucciones y/o explicaciones. Observe y analice los ejemplos. Trate de explicar lo que

se ha leído. Practique con los ejercicios. Hágalo todas las veces que considere necesario hasta

que se sienta seguro. Repase los ejercicios de pronunciación que están al final del Texto. Hágalos con calma, repítalos cada vez que sea necesario. Aprenda el glosario final. Que éste le

brinde la base para edificar un nuevo vocabulario. Añada cuantas palabras considere necesarias.

Si hay alguna palabra en especial que le interesa búsquela en el diccionario y agréguela al

glosario. Aumente la variedad de ejercicios buscando las páginas de Internet que se sugieren al final del Texto. Como último paso, desarrolle la AUTOEVALUACION. Ponga a prueba todo lo

que aprendió. Una vez que lo logre pase a la siguiente Unidad.

EVALUACIÓN: Se estudiará las dos primeras Unidades para el Primer Parcial, y las dos últimas Unidades para el Segundo Parcial.

Se estudiará las dos primeras Unidades para el Primer Parcial, y las dos últimas Unidades para
Se estudiará las dos primeras Unidades para el Primer Parcial, y las dos últimas Unidades para

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UNIT ONE

A TIME AND A PLACE

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES At the end of this Unit the student will be able to:

1.1 Speak, read and write in simple present tense.

1.2 Use properly the present continuous tense.

1.3 Express using the verb “To be” in the past tense.

1.4 Declare past ideas with: there was and there were.

1.5 Speak about entertainment and events in the simple past.

This Unit has the purpose to review basic skills in English; the ability to understand
This Unit has the purpose to review basic skills in English; the ability to
understand and communicate in simple present, present continuous and
simple past, in common situations.

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LESSON 1

WHERE IS THE RESTAURANT?

1.1 EXPRESSING TIME

What time do we meet at the restaurant? /wot táym du wi mit at de réstorant/

At 1:15 would be alright? /At a kuarter past wan wud bi olráyt/

What time is your train leaving? /wot táym is yor tréyn liyvin/

It leaves at 12 o’clock /it liyvs at tuélv oclok/

• It leaves at 12 o’clock /it liyvs at tuélv oclok/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/47309173@N06/7922878740/ •

https://www.flickr.com/photos/47309173@N06/7922878740/

What time does your train arrive? /wot táym das yor tréyn arráyv/

It arrives at 11:45 /it arráyvs at a kuarter tu tuelv/

What time do you get up? /wot táym du yu geráp/

I usually get up at 6:30. /ay yúshuali geráp at jaf past six/

When do you go to the Institute? /wen du yu gou tu de ínstitiut/

I go everyday, from Monday to Friday /ay gou évridey from mándey tu fráydey/

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PRACTICE THE DIALOG

Read the dialog and practice with your partner.

A: Hello Sandra. How are you? B: Hi Don, I’m fine thanks. A: I need to speak with you. May I call you later? B: Please, call me after 5 o’clock. A: Good, thanks! B: Bye.

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS

A: What time do you leave home?

B:

A: Do you always take the bus at the same time?

B:

A: What time does your class begin?

B:

A: When do you do your homework?

B:

1.2 SIMPLE PRESENT

KATY: Hi Janet! Do you want to eat with me?

JANET: Hi Katy! Sure, where do you plan to go?

KATY: I want to eat Chinese food. What do you think?

JANET: It’s a good idea. Do you know a good Chinese Restaurant?

KATY: Yes, The Long-Fua.

JANET: Where is that?

KATY: It’s near the University. Let’s take a taxi.

JANET: Alright!

READING COMPREHENSION:

Complete the reading with the verb in the simple present:

be brush doesn’t get eat fix get have leave like like take wake wash
be
brush
doesn’t
get
eat
fix
get
have
leave
like
like
take
wake
wash

Every morning, Jack

up very early. He

his face. He

his teeth.

He

a shower and

breakfast. His mother

up earlier and

breakfast for everyone. His sisters

always late for breakfast. They

to be

to sleep late so they

up late, too. His father

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late. He always

to work early.

home at half past seven every day. Jack and his fater

1.3 PRESENT CONTINUOUS

RICK: Hey Jack!

JACK: Hey Rick! What’s new?

RICK: I’m looking for a new pair of good tennis shoes.

JACK: Oh, are you going to the new Mall?

RICK: Where?

JACK: The one in Keneth Avenue. It is offering good prices in every store for the opening.

RICK: That sounds great!

JACK: Are you coming with me? We can have lunch together.

RICK: If you are paying the bill….

JACK: Yes, friend. I’m inviting you.

RICK: Ok, I’m going.

JACK: Fine, thanks.

inviting you. RICK: Ok, I’m going. JACK: Fine, thanks. https://www.flickr.com/photos/81067105@N00/76904711/ READING

https://www.flickr.com/photos/81067105@N00/76904711/

READING COMPREHENSION:

Complete the reading with the verb in the present continuous:

be forget prepare run run take think wait watch work
be
forget
prepare
run
run
take
think
wait
watch
work

Jack

it’s 6:12. His sisters

His father

home. He

in a hurry. His new TV show begins at 6:15 and

supper.

at the office. He always comes home late. While he

what to do to have the TV for himself. Oh! He

cartoons and his mother

home, he

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Ann! Ann a taxi to be on time.

for him at the Restaurant at 6:30! He

1.4 IMPERATIVES

We find imperatives in instructions, warnings, or commands. They are also used to ask for something and it is usually used with the polite “please”. Remember that these sentences are used without a subject and the verb is in infinitive. The negative is directly used with the auxiliary verb: don’t.

Example:

Write your name and press “submit”. Sit down, please. Please, close the door. Don’t stand up! Don’t run! When you are included in the imperative it is used: let’s (abbreviation of: let us.) before the verb. The negative is: let’s not.

Example: Let’s go to the beach. Let´s sit down. Let’s call the doctor. Let’s not go to the concert. Imperatives may be used for emphasis with the auxiliary verb do and the verb be.

Though this combination is not frequently used, when it does is just to emphasize a quality or condition.

Come here.

Example:

Don’t be fool! Don’t be late! Do be nice! Do be gentle!

DIALOG:

TEACHER: Sally please, call Paul. SALLY: Yes, Miss. …Paul, the teacher is calling you. PAUL: Don’t bother me! TEACHER: Paul! Come here, please. SALLY: He never obeys Miss. PAUL: Don’t talk! TEACHER: Paul! Come here, please! SALLY: You see! He’s very stubborn! PAUL: No, I’m not!

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TEACHER: Please, stop fighting! Be quiet! SALLY: But… PAUL: Miss…. TEACHER: Shhhh! Let’s calm down. I just want to give your tests back. SALLY: Oh! PAUL: Sorry teacher. TEACHER: Don’t worry Paul.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/nwabr/6917718093/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/nwabr/6917718093/

1.5 LANGUAGE CHECK

A: Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in simple present.

1. Karina

2. John and Paul

3. Your father

4. Little Tommy

5. My mother

6. Walter and Silvia

7. My uncle

8. My mother

9. The children

10. The cat

her shoes and boots under the stairs. (put)

the papers in a suitcase. (carry)

to learn Spanish. (try)

the chocolate cake in the kitchen. (smell)

coffee and chocolate to prepare a hot drink. (mix)

the sandwiches. (pass)

my bicycle every week. (crash)

with my father. (work)

television every night. (watch)

the flowers in the garden. (smell)

B: Change the sentences into imperatives. Example: You have to stand up. – Stand up!

1. You must be quiet.

2. You should close the door.

3. You have to come here.

4. You must study.

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6. You don’t have to sit down.

7. We have to read books.

8. We must dance here.

9. We should go to the beach.

10. We don’t have to play.

C: Make imperative sentences, as many as you can.

Example:

Stop smoking. Stop smoking! / Let’s stop smoking. / Do stop smoking!

1.

Not be

2.

Walk

3.

Read

4.

Play

5.

Not read

6.

Not

7.

Not be

8.

Keep

9.

Stop

10.

Not 7. Not be 8. Keep 9. Stop 10. https://www.flickr.com/photos/smartsignbrooklyn/10213459946/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/smartsignbrooklyn/10213459946/

1.6 READING Katy and Janet meet at the University to go to a Chinese Restaurant. The Long-Fua opens early, at 12 o’clock, so the girls can have lunch before their class begins. They sit down and a waiter comes with the menu. Katy loves to eat Chinese food. She always asks for a Wonton Soup and Kam-lu Wonton. But Janet loves to eat white rice with sweet and sour pork. It’s her favorite. They decide to have lunch together once a week. But Janet is thinking about doing something new. Katy is paying attention to her friend. Janet wants to try different flavors so maybe they can visit a different restaurant: Italian, Russian, French, and so forth. The girls agree to visit them and enjoy eating food from different regions.

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READING COMPREHENSION

1. What time does the Chinese Restaurant open?

2. Why is it convenient for the girls?

3. Which is Katy’s favorite food?

4. Which is Janet’s favorite food?

5. Are they eating together every day?

6. What kind of restaurants do they plan to visit?

1.7 VOCABULARY

1. alright

muy bien, de acuerdo

2. arrive

llegar

3. be quiet

silencio, cállate

4. begin

empezar

5. bill

cuenta

6. breakfast

desayuno

7. brush

cepillar

8. call

llamar

9. calm down

calmarse, tranquilizarse

10. cartoons

dibujos animados

11. Chinese

chino

12. commands

órdenes

13. fight

pelear

14. fix

preparar, arreglar

15. forget

olvidar

16. get up

levantar de la cama

17. great

fabuloso

18. himself

por sí mismo

19. homework

tarea

20. late

tarde

21. leave

salir

22. let’s

vamos a

23. lunch

almuerzo

24. mall

centro comercial

25. meet

encontrar, reunir, conocer

26. never

nunca

27. on time

a tiempo

28. opening

apertura

29. pair

par

30. polite

cortés, respetuoso, educado

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32. remember

recuerde, recordar

33. same

mismo, igual

34. sleep

dormir

35. sorry

lo siento

36. speak

hablar

37. store

tienda

38. stubborn

terco(a)

39. submit

presentar, enviar

40. supper

cena

41. sure

seguro

42. take

tomar

43. tennis shoes

zapatillas

44. though

aunque

45. together

juntos

46. train

tren

47. wait

esperar

48. warning

advertencia(s)

49. while

mientras

50. without

sin

51. worry

preocupar

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ON LINE EXPLORING

Expressing time

http://www.talking-about.net/english-Telling+the+Time-12.php (with audio) http://www.really-learn-english.com/future-time-tables.html

http://www.englishteachermelanie.com/english-grammar-how-to-use-the-present-

simple-to-talk-about-future-events/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9p_pdjhPfMs

Simple present

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZMDp89VjEM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9QluYxyV00

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3W3AZ5Zw0n0

http://www.english-4u.de/tenses_exercises.html

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_mix.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_negation2.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_mix2.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K3GMiFc-gLs

Present continuous

http://www.eclecticenglish.com/grammar/PresentContinuous1F.html

http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/present-continuous/index.html

http://www.montsemorales.com/vocabulario/VerbsSpot1-4.htm

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/pcont1.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTeGorY3rg4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pDGcOBuHgYo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6Eozn55Lqs

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LESSON TWO

HOW WAS YOUR DAY?

2.1 FOOD

Miriam is preparing a party. She is inviting her friends Tim, Sam and Fred. Her sisters Stella and Frida are coming to help her. She is thinking about all the things she needs for the meeting. This is her list:

apricot /ápricot/ carrots /kárrots/ chili /chíli/ crackers /crákers/ honey /hány/ oil /óyl/ peanut butter /pínat báter/ pineapple /paynápol/ salt /solt/ strawberries /stróberris/ tea /ti/ vegetables /véyetabols/

beer /bíer/

celery /séleri/

chips /chíps/

cream /krím/

lemon /lémon/

onions /ónions/

pepper /péper/

salad /sálad/

soda /sóda/

sugar /shúgar/ tomatoes /toméytos/ vinegar /vínegar/

sugar /shúgar/ tomatoes /toméytos/ vinegar /vínegar/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/gabian ow/8945825268/ Her

https://www.flickr.com/photos/gabian

ow/8945825268/

Her sisters come early to go shopping and have everything ready. Frida is buying the things from the list. Miriam is cleaning the apartment and Stella is helping her. When Frida comes back, they begin to work in the kitchen. They have a lot of work to do. It’s

for today! She thinks it is easier to prepare a barbecue with:

bacon /béycon/ beef /bif/ chicken /chíken/ chops /chops/ fish /fish/

ham /jam/ leg /leg/ pork /pork/ ribs /ribs/ sausage /sósech/ steak /steyk/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/laser/1471968729/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/laser/1471968729/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/laser/1471968729/

turkey /térki/ But some friends don’t eat meat. So, they are preparing some more vegetables and fruit.

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2.2 WOULD YOU LIKE

This expression is used to offer or invite something politely. It is also used to say what

one or someone likes. When you make a question it is written without any contraction.

However, it is normally abbreviated in the affirmative form: would like -‘d like. In the

negative form the negative is contracted: wouldn’t like.

Example: Would you like something to drink?

like . Example: Would you like something to drink? https://www.flickr .com/photos/127 378294@N04/1

https://www.flickr

.com/photos/127

378294@N04/1

5529321112/

I’d like a frozen coke, please.

Would you like some fruit?

You’d like our fruit salad. It’s delicious.

Would you like a cup of coffee?

She’d like a cup of tea instead.

Would your mother like a dog for a pet?

She wouldn’t like it. She’s allergic to dogs.

Other variations of this expression is: I’d love; I’d prefer.

Example: Would you like something to eat?

I’d love a piece of cake, please.

Would you like a cold tea?

I’d prefer it hot, thanks.

2.3 WH-QUESTIONS: WHO - WHOSE

Questions with who are used to ask for people, but you may ask for the subject or for

the person in the complement. When you ask for the subject of the sentence you don’t

need to use an auxiliary verb to form the question. In this case, you just write the verb

after Who. If it is in simple present the verb is in the form of the third person singular.

Example:

The doctors are at a meeting today. Who is at a meeting today?

Mr. Clark and Harry Hughes talk about engineering. Who talks about engineering?

The baby is sleeping. Who is sleeping?

The verb is in the past after who without an auxiliary verb.

Example:

The children were at the park. Who was at the park?

The policeman changed the lights. Who changed the lights?

Clarisse was making a cake when the bell rang. Who was making a cake when the bell rang?

20

Questions with whose are used when we ask for possession. The question is formed

by: whose + the possession + verb. It is formed just like who subject we have learned.

Example:

My mother is a nurse in this Hospital. Whose mother is a nurse in this Hospital?

This is Harry’s BMW. Whose BMW is this?

Carla’s dog is running after John. Whose dog is running after John?

Your father is eating your hot dog. Whose father is eating my hot dog?

Tom’s sister works at the Museum. Whose sister works at the Museum?

Nancy and Stella’s brother won the first prize. Whose brother won the first prize?

The students’ examinations were falling down. Whose examinations were falling down?

were falling down. Whose examinations were falling down? https://www.flickr.com/ photos/didiervidal/2020 468387/ 2.4

https://www.flickr.com/

photos/didiervidal/2020

468387/

2.4 VERB “TO BE” PAST TENSE

The past tense of the verb “to be” is formed with: was, were according to the subject.

I

was

a teacher.

You

were

a taxi driver.

He

was

an artist.

She

was

a policewoman.

It

was

a dog.

We

were

friends.

You

were

neighbors.

They

were

sick.

We use was with: I, he, she, and it. We use were with: you, we, and they.

INTERROGATIVE: The interrogative form is like in the present tense. You just put the

verb in front of the sentence.

Example: Was Helen at the concert yesterday?

Were you sick yesterday?

Was the teacher absent yesterday?

Were they hungry in the morning?

NEGATIVE: The negative is added to the verb and it is normally contracted: wasn’t (was

not), weren’t (were not).

21

Example:

The children weren’t at the park this morning. Gina wasn’t at the restaurant at 1:00 o’clock. John and Jane weren’t from Cajamarca. 2.5 LANGUAGE CHECK

I wasn’t at home yesterday.

A. Offer your guest the following:

Example:

A soda – Would you like a soda?

1. A piece of cake -

2. Some cheese -

3. Some wine -

4. An ice cream cone -

5. A new dress -

6. A cup of tea -

7. Some fruit -

8. A hamburger -

9. Chinese food -

10. Some cookies -

B. Complete the sentences with the simple past of the verb to be: was, were.

1. The engineer

2. This house

3. The buildings

4. The restaurant

5. The children

6.

7. Sandra, Tina and Sue

8. The operator

9. That executive

10. George

in his car yesterday.

very dirty and ugly.

in Mexico City.

in front of my parents’ house.

at school in the morning.

on the roof.

The bricks

at the party with John.

in the office at a quarter to eight.

the head of my department.

our foreman last year.

C. Change the sentences in exercise B into questions.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

7.

8.

9.

10.

22

D. Complete the sentences in the negative form of the verb: wasn’t, weren’t.

1.

2.

3. The manager and the director

4. Mary Simpson

5. Ina, Sophie and Rina

6. Gaby and Charles

7. The engineer

8. I

9. The designers

10. Your architects

Jerry

The teacher

an accountant.

a secretary.

friends.

a technician. students at the University.

at the party last weekend.

at the building at four o’clock.

very happy with my new dress.

working during the earthquake.

here at half past nine.

E. Make questions from the following sentences with: who or whose.

1. Gianina is cleaning Pablo’s office.

2. Nancy and Nick are in bed with the flu.

3. Mr. O’Connor was driving home when he had a car crash.

4. The children played with the cat last night.

5. Some students are studying medicine in the garden.

6. Your dog went to Tom’s house and broke his bone.

7. The baby’s toys are in that box.

8. Our papers were on top of the bookshelf.

9. Teresa’s child was injured at school.

23

2.6 READING:

Miriam’s party was yesterday. There were a lot of people in her apartment. Her friends were glad to be there. They were dancing, eating and having fun. Her sisters, Stella and Frida, were very happy to meet Tim, Sam and Fred. They were eating nachos, chips with chili, crackers with cheese and spread, sodas, tea, beer, and so forth. Frida was a good cook. There was pizza: ham and cheese pizza, pepperoni pizza and a special pizza for veggies (vegetarians). The veggie pizza was for Stella and Tim because they don’t eat meat. But Sam, Fred, Miriam and Stella were eating fried chicken and bacon. READING COMPREHENSION

1. When was Miriam’s party?

2. Who was in the apartment?

3. What were they doing?

4. What were they eating?

5. Who was the cook?

6. Who was the veggie pizza for?

COMPLETE THE DIALOG FROM THE LISTENING:

SAM: What a

FRIDA: Yes, it is dear MIRIAM:

SAM:

FRIDA: Yes??? MIRIAM: But of course! SAM: Wow! FRIDA: Oh, not at all.

MIRIAM:

SAM: Definitely!

FRIDA:

MIRIAM:

SAM: Is that

idea Miriam. This is a great And the

! I’m really

! selection is fabulous!

that you enjoy.

pizzas are great!

! selection is fabulous! that you enjoy. pizzas are great! https://www.flickr.com/photos/hebdro madaires/5334767896/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/hebdro

madaires/5334767896/

were made by Frida!

Frida!!!

an excellent cook.

very humble.

Rita?

24

FRIDA: No, she isn’t. She’s

Stella.

MIRIAM: Stella was helping me organizing

SAM: No doubt. You are a nice

!

2.7 VOCABULARY

1. accountant

2. and so forth

3. any minute

4. apartment

5. ask

6. at this time

7. bacon

8. beef

9. beer

10. bell

11. bricks

12. chicken

13. chili

14. chips

15. chops

16. come back

17. crackers

18. crash

19. cream

20. designer

21. dress

22. early

23. earthquake

24. eventually

25. everything

26. executive

27. fall down

28. filet

29. finally

30. fish

31. flu

32. for a week

33. foreman

34. fried

35. go shopping

36. ham

37. head

38. honey

39. humble

40. in an hour

41. injured

42. kitchen

43. last month

44. later

45. leg

46. meeting

47. near

contador y demás, etc. en cualquier momento departamento preguntar, pedir, solicitar para ahora, en este tiempo tocino bife, carne, lomo cerveza campana ladrillos pollo ají papitas chuletas regresar galletas de soda chocar, choque crema diseñador(a) vestido temprano terremoto eventualmente todo ejecutivo, ejecutiva caer filete (viene del francés) finalmente pescado gripe, influenza por una semana capataz, encargado(a) frito ir de compras jamón, jamón serrano jefe miel de abeja modesto(a) en una hora herido(a), lesionado(a) cocina el mes pasado más tarde pierna reunión, reuniéndo cerca, cercano

48. neighbors

49. next Monday

50. now

51. nowadays

52. onions

53. operator

54. party

55. peanut butter

56. pork

57. prize

58. rang

59. ready

60. recently

61. ribs

62. roof

63. salad

64. sausage

65. sick

66. since May

67. soda

68. soon

69. spread

70. steak

71. sugar

72. taxi driver

73. tea

74. technician

75. there

76. these days

77. today

78. tomatoes

79. tomorrow

80. tonight

81. turkey

82. two years ago

83. usually

84. vegetables

85. vegetarians

86. veggies

87. while

88. whole

25

vecinos el próximo lunes ahora hoy en día cebollas operador, operadora fiesta mantequilla de maní cerdo, porcino, chancho premio timbró, sonó listo recientemente costillas techo ensalada salchicha enfermo desde mayo gaseosa pronto pasta para untar, margarina bistéc, filete, churrasco azúcar chofer de taxi té técnico allí estos días hoy, hoy día tomates mañana esta noche pavo hace dos años generalmente, usualmente vegetales vegetarianos vegetarianos mientras entero

26

ON LINE EXPLORING

Food

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHJXsHf4Q6E

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ahlt83jvXIY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQ0FwgtDKu8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zdu7bBFgP-c

Would you like

http://www.englishpedia.net/my-grammar/basic/would-you-like/exercises/would-

like-at-the-reataurant-exercise.htm

http://www.englishpedia.net/my-grammar/basic/would-you-like/exercises/would-

like-difference-exercise.htm

http://www.englishpedia.net/my-grammar/basic/would-you-like/exercises/would-

like-test.html

http://first-

english.org/english_learning/english_beginners/would_want_to/02_would_like_to

_questiions_exercises.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5YQVC6-5MM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TZgxHUyqxHA

Wh-questions: who – whose

http://www.bristol.ac.uk/arts/exercises/grammar/grammar_tutorial/page_57.htm

http://www.grammar-monster.com/easily_confused/whos_whose.htm

Verb ‘To be’ past tense

http://www.agendaweb.org/verbs/tobe-past-simple/index.html

http://suz.digitaleschulebayern.de/english/grammar/was_were1.htm

http://www.englishmaven.org/HP6/To_Be_Exercise5.htm

http://s.mound.free.fr/skyblues67/simppast/wascloze.htm

27

LESSON THREE

THERE WAS A BUG IN MY SOUP!

3.1 ENTERTAINMENT AND EVENTS

The Campbells are planning the weekend. They have two boys and a girl. Ronny is 10, Bill is 8 and Wanda is 6. They want to enjoy this year because last year was a mess. They were in The Country Fair and were eating hot chicken soup. But there was a bug in the soup!

eating hot chicken soup. But there was a bug in the soup! https://www.flickr.com/photos/stuart_spivack/5972339502/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/stuart_spivack/5972339502/

They were watching the fireworks but one was so close that they were deaf for two minutes. Poor Wanda!! She was crying all the night. They were in the Accident and Emergency Unit for one hour. This year is different. They are planning it carefully. They have a lot of choices:

air shows art galleries ballet recitals beauty pageants competitions concert halls concerts cultural events exhibitions festivals films fireworks shows

ice shows

opera houses

festivals films fireworks shows ice shows opera houses https://www.flickr.com/photos/115327016@N06/1491 9880753/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/115327016@N06/1491

9880753/

operas

parades

sports events

stadiums

theaters

zoos

28

operas parades sports events stadiums theaters zoos 28 https://www.flickr.com/photos/182aw/16720828268/ The whole family

https://www.flickr.com/photos/182aw/16720828268/

The whole family finally decides for the San Diego Zoo. Wanda loves animals and the boys want to see the giant panda and the polar bear. They will enjoy!

3.2 THERE WAS AND THERE WERE

In the past tense we use there was and there were.

Example:

There was a puppet called Pinocchio. There were some bricks under the ladder. There was an old house next to the Bank. There were many children playing in the park.

For questions we use was or were at the beginning.

Example:

Was there any soda in the fridge? Were there dogs and cats under your window? Was there an old big tree in front of your house? Were there many people at the concert?

For negative sentences we use wasn’t or weren’t.

Example:

There wasn’t any soda in the fridge. There weren’t any oranges in the dining room. There wasn’t a restaurant on that corner. There weren’t lots of people at the conference.

3.3 LISTENING

weren’t lots of people at the conference. 3.3 LISTENING https://www.flickr.com /photos/rkelland/2132 391056/ Last

https://www.flickr.com

/photos/rkelland/2132

391056/

Last month was the opera season. The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Opera House was presenting three great operas: Macbeth by Giuseppe Verdi, Tosca by Giacomo Puccini and Salome by Richard Strauss.

There was a great attendance during that season. There were whole families enjoying the plays. Drama students were able to talk with the main characters after the plays. There was a lot of people in their old age who enjoyed the plays.

29

29 https://www.flickr.com/photos/clubtransatlantico/8158327383/ MR. JONES: Oh, Macbeth is MISS PENN: I’m glad to know

https://www.flickr.com/photos/clubtransatlantico/8158327383/

MR. JONES: Oh, Macbeth is

MISS PENN: I’m glad to know that, Mr. Jones. This is

MRS. JONES: Oh, MR. JONES: Yes, MISS PENN: Why

MRS. JONES: Not really. It is a tradition.

MR. JONES: Yes, MISS PENN: That’s MRS. JONES:

MR. JONES: Yes,

! This play was really great!

I see Macbeth.

our tenth. every season, but especially if they play Macbeth. so much? Do you like tragedies?

was a great Shakespeare fan. But why Macbeth? in law was in a Macbeth play when he met his wife.

love at first sight!

3.4 LANGUAGE CHECK

A. Complete the sentences with: there was – there were.

A. Complete the sentences with: there was – there were . https://www.flickr.com/photos/avatar-1/2307747292/ 1. an

https://www.flickr.com/photos/avatar-1/2307747292/

1.

an ambulance in front of the cinema yesterday.

2.

two boats on the sea last night.

3.

I saw that movie,

a helicopter and a train.

4.

a big apple on the boy’s head.

30

6.

three trucks and two cars in the street.

7.

a van full of children in front of the bookstore.

8.

I’m tired because

a party all night.

9.

ten men changing dollars in Ocoña.

10.

How many people

at the meeting yesterday?

B. Change the following sentences into questions.

1. There was a ghost in the house.

2. There were twenty guests at the Hotel.

3. There was a person fixing his car.

4. There were five trees behind the house.

5. There was a computer in the living room.

6. There were rats in the garage.

7. There were tomatoes, oranges and peas in the fridge.

8. There was a meeting with Mr. Shell at 4:00 this afternoon.

9. There was a storm last night.

10. There were a lot of books on the shelves.

C. Change the sentences in part A into negative.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

9.

10.

31

3.5 READING

Yesterday, was a bad day for Ann. There were less than ten students in her class. It was

Friday and there was an important soccer game. There are usually twenty five students

in her class, but that day were only 6. It was a very hot day. The sun was shining but

there wasn’t any air conditioner. The class was really bored. They were reading Macbeth,

Othello and Hamlet by Shakespeare. It was very difficult for the students to read. What

a day!

READING COMPREHENSION

1.

How was Ann’s day?

2.

Why was it a bad day?

3.

Why were the students absent?

4.

How many students were there?

5.

How many students are usually there?

6.

How was the weather like?

7.

What was the class about?

8.

Was the class easy?

3.6

VOCABULARY

1. absent

2. accident

3. air conditioner

4. air shows

5. art galleries

6. attendance

7. ballet recitals

8. beauty pageants

9. bored

10. bucket

ausente accidente aire acondicionado espectáculos aéreos galerías de arte asistencia recitales de ballet concursos de belleza aburrida(o) balde

11. bug

12. close

13. competitions

14. concert halls

15. concerts

16. cultural events

17. choices

18. deaf

19. easy

20. emergency

21. exhibitions

22. father in law

23. festivals

24. films

25. fireworks

26. first sight

27. fridge

28. ghost

29. guest

30. ice shows

31. ladder

32. less

33. mess

34. old age

35. on sale

36. opera houses

37. opera season

38. operas

39. outside

40. parades

41. performing

42. play

43. puppet

44. shelves

45. shinning

46. soccer game

47. sports events

48. stadiums

49. storm

50. sun

51. theaters

52. tragedies

53. weather

54. zoos

32

bicho, insecto cerca competencias salas de conciertos conciertos eventos culturales elecciones sordo fácil emergencia exhibiciones suegro festivales películas fuegos artificiales primera vista refrigerador, nevera fantasma invitado, huésped espectáculos sobre hielo escalera de mano menos lío, caos, desorden tercera edad en oferta salas de ópera, teatros de ópera temporada de ópera óperas afuera, en el exterior desfiles actuación, interpretación, representación interpretar, obra marioneta, títere anaqueles, repisas brillando partido de fútbol eventos deportivos estadios tormenta sol teatros tragedias clima zoológicos

ACTIVITY

Click the following link and do the Quiz for: there is, there are, there was, there were

http://www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/Blue%20Level/Blue_Level_Quiz_12_there_be.html

33

ADDITIONAL EXERCISES

A. Choose the correct answer: there was / there were

1.

a bird on my window.

2.

I thought

some sodas on the table.

3.

a lot of people in the Bank.

4.

an actor called Robert Wagner.

5.

a lot of dirty dishes in the sink.

6.

a fish in the cat’s bowl.

7.

a thief behind Laura.

8.

Yesterday,

a rainy day.

9.

cookies for tea time yesterday.

10.

chocolates and candies for the children.

B. Answer the following questions.

1. Who is at the door? (Bobby)

2. Who studied for the exam? (some students)

3. Who won the football match? (Spain)

4. Who took my handbag? (the thief)

5. Who performs the best blueprints in the company? (Harry Hughes)

6. Whose car is this? (the teacher’s)

7. Whose baby is crying? (my)

8. Whose sister is the most attractive? (Valerie’s)

9. Whose dress is the most beautiful today? (Camila’s)

10. Whose leg was injured in the car crash? (Richard’s)

34

ON-LINE EXPLORING

Entertainment and events

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/vocabulary-lesson-

entertainment.php

http://www.learnenglish.de/vocabulary/entertainment.html

https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/movies.htm

http://www.english-at-home.com/vocabulary/entertainment/

There is, there are, there was, there were

http://www.agendaweb.org/grammar/there-was-there-were-exercises.html

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-

21392.php

http://www.vitutor.com/gramatica_inglesa/verbs/thereis_ej5.html

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3008

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=5211

BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES

Coe, Norman; Mark Harrison y Ken Paterson (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. New York, OUP

Gardner Ian y otros (2004) Style 1. Oxford, Macmillan Publishers Limited

Jones-Macziola, Sarah y Greg White (2003) Further Ahead. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Mitchell, H. Q. (2009) Traveller Beginners. Gran Bretaña, MM Publications.

Murphy, Raymond (2004) English Grammar in Use. 3° Ed, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Elementary. Oxford,

Seligson

Paul (2012) Essential

American

English

2.

Richmond Publishing.

35

SELF ASSESSMENT UNIT ONE

DATE:

GRADE:

NAME:

35 SELF ASSESSMENT UNIT ONE DATE: GRADE: NAME: A. GRAMMAR: (5 points) Complete the sentences with

A.

GRAMMAR:

(5 points)

Complete the sentences with the present tense:

 

1. Frank

to Mexico. (go)

2. Mollie

in her office at 12:30 p.m. (eat)

3. The students

English everyday. (study)

4. you

to take a walk at the park? (want)

5. Ursula

at school today? (teach)

6. These girls

with their teacher. (read)

7. That man

bread every morning. (buy)

8. The policeman

who is Ben. (ask)

9. Mr. Sullivan

sick today. (feel)

10. David and Don

to work every day. (run)

B.

VOCABULARY:

(5 points)

Unscramble the letters

1. sinono

2. shpci

3. nobca

4. blam

5. tgnioht

6. rsewrikfo

7. dapares

8. gbu

9. yheno

10. ruktye

C. READING:

36

(5 points)

Read the text and answer the questions below.

When Jim was a little boy he was very nice. He was always smiling and giving thanks. He was asking for permission and saying “hello” and “good bye”. He was so cute! When

he was 12 he was thin and tall. He was taller than his friends. He was always watching TV. There were “Packman” games and he was playing all day long. When he was 26 he was tall and fit. He was in love with all the girls. He was handsome and nice. There were many discos and he was always there.

1. Who was Jim?

2. What did he do when he was a little boy?

3. How was he when he was 12?

4. What did he like to do?

5. Where was always Jim when he was 26?

D. COMPREHENSION:

Answer the following questions.

1. Is

there a window in your class?

2. Where you in English I last semester?

3. Who is there in the class?

4. Were there many exams yesterday?

5. Whose class do you attend?

Total 20 points.

(5 points)

37

UNIT TWO

MY PAST

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES At the end of this Unit the student will be able to:

2.1 Distinguish between regular and irregular verbs.

2.2 Ask and answer in the past tense.

2.3 Talk about food, music and shopping.

2.4 Describe past events.

This Unit has the purpose to identify, understand and produce small texts, using the simple
This Unit has the purpose to identify, understand and produce small texts,
using the simple past and identifying regular and irregular verbs. Working in
oral and written essays prepared in groups.

38

LESSON FOUR

WHO HAD AN ACCIDENT?

4.1 LIFE EVENTS

Mark Anderson writes books. His editor needs some information about his past to write a short biography. Mark is in front of his computer thinking about it. He was born in 1969. His parents were Milton and Sarah Anderson. They married in Chester Ville but lived in Graceland. When Sarah was pregnant she was always hungry.

When Mark was born his parents were very happy. It was a big family. There were three boys and seven girls. The best time were the celebrations. They celebrated everything. In fact, there was no date they didn’t celebrate. Such as:

anniversary be born be pregnant become parents buy a house fall in love first day at get a job get engaged get married get promoted get sick go to college graduation grow up

have a baby immigrate learn to walk leave home leave school move house pass away (die) pass your exams raise a family rent a house retirement

(die) pass your exams raise a family rent a house retirement https://www.flickr.com/photos/miracosta_college/14059717480/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/miracosta_college/14059717480/

39

take a vacation travel wedding Mark’s life wasn’t boring at all. So he has a lot to write about. But, it is too much. His editor asked only ten lines. What will he omit?

4.2 PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS

ten lines. What will he omit? 4.2 PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS https://www.flickr.com/ph otos/46378785@N07/4266 672844/

https://www.flickr.com/ph

otos/46378785@N07/4266

672844/

Past tense verbs are divided in two groups: regular and irregular. Regular verbs require to add the suffix -d or –ed to the main verb to form the simple past and the past participle. Here are some rules. Add –d when the verb ends in -e.

 

Infinitive

Past

Past Participle

like

liked

liked

hire

hired

hired

fire

fired

fired

live

lived

lived

dance

danced

danced

Example:

Samantha lived in London ten years ago. The children liked the show. Tracy hired a gardener for her mother. Scott fired his secretary.

Add –ed when the verb ends in a consonant sound.

 

look

looked

looked

wash

washed

washed

cook

cooked

cooked

talk

talked

talked

need

needed

needed

Example:

Mrs. Hook washed all our clothes yesterday. Andy talked about his first day at school. I cooked last night for today. The painter needed more money to buy more paint.

If the verb ends in –y change it for –ied. study

studied

hurried

married

carried

studied

hurry

hurried

marry

married

carry

carried

Example:

40

worry

Peter married Molly and Joe last year. Jonathan carried the big boxes to the truck. Doris and Gary hurried to buy the tickets for the show. My mother worried for my father when he was in Vietnam.

worried

worried

If the verb ends in a stress vowel + a consonant the last consonant is duplicated and added –ed to it. If it is a two syllable verb you just duplicate the last consonant when the last syllable is stressed.

stop

stopped

stopped

plan

planned

planned

prefer

preferred

preferred

permit

permitted

permitted

regret

regretted

regretted

can

canned

canned

Example:

The bus stopped in front of the restaurant. The man permitted his dog to eat at the table. Ralph regretted to have asked Mary some help. My grandmother canned her soup.

The verb does not change in affirmative sentences. It is the same for every subject.

Example:

We studied English yesterday. She worked late last Friday. The engineer visited the building last week. My dog wanted a bone.

visited the building last week. My dog wanted a bone. 4.3 –ED PRONUNCIATION The past regular

4.3 –ED PRONUNCIATION

The past regular verb ending -ed is not pronounced the same in every regular verb. There are three basic rules to follow. The first is when the verb in the infinitive ends in –d or in –t sound, then the –ed is pronounced /id/. Example: want wanted /wóntid/ need needed /níydid/

wait

waited /wéytid/

fold

folded /fóldid/

hate

hated /jéytid/

decide

decided /disáydid/

The second rule is when the verb in infinitive ends in a voiceless sound (s, sh, ch, k, f, h, p, x), then the –ed is pronounced /t/.

41

Example: look

looked /lúkt/

stop

stopped /stopt/

wash

washed /wosht/

reach

reached /ríycht/

crunch

crunched /cráncht/

kiss

kissed /kist/

laugh

laughed /laft/

tax

taxed /taxt/

The third is if the verb in infinitive ends in a voiced sound (b, g, j, l, m, n, r, v, w, y, z) then the –ed is pronounced /d/.

Example:

rob

robbed /robd/

arrange

arranged /arrényd/

call

called /cóld/

claim

claimed /kléymd/

can

canned /kand/

register

registered /réyisterd/

move

moved /muvd/

play

played /pleyd/

buzz

buzzed /bazd/

crow

crowed /cróud/

4.4 PAST SIMPLE QUESTIONS

When we want to ask a question we need the auxiliary did. The use of this auxiliary makes the verb change into the infinitive. Example: Did you study English yesterday? Did she work late last Friday? Did the engineer visit the building last week? Did the dog want a bone? We use the auxiliary didn’t (did not) for the negative and the verb

changes into the infinitive. Example: You didn’t study English yesterday. She didn’t work late last Friday. The engineer didn’t visit the building last week. The dog didn’t want a bone.

the building last week. The dog didn’t want a bone. https://www.flickr.com /photos/brunkfordbrau n/6999401588/

https://www.flickr.com

/photos/brunkfordbrau

n/6999401588/

4.5 LANGUAGE CHECK

A. Complete the sentences with the verb in the simple past.

1. We

2. Mr. Clark

3. Harry

4. The workers

5. Mr. Clark

6. Jane and Susan

7. The children

in Barranco last year. (live)

an engineer named Harry Hughes. (hire)

to the workers about the new building. (talk)

more bricks to work faster. (need)

about the bricks. (worry) for a job last week. (look)

the bird’s tail. (paint)

9. They

10. Robert

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to visit us yesterday. (want)

a doctor yesterday. (call)

B. Change the sentences in part A into questions.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

C. Complete the sentences with the simple past of the verb in negative.

1. Tina and Ted

2. Mrs. Smith

3. Doris Day

4. My mother

5. Paul

6. Sandra

7. I

8. You

9. The policeman

10. The children

4.6 READING

fruit and vegetables. (like) Harry from the office. (call) with Gene Kelly. (dance) this chicken. (cook)

his football shirt. (wash) Peter in August. (marry)

on my sweater last night. (clean)

any present for the party. (need) the thief. (catch) under the rain yesterday. (walk)

Brenda cleaned her house, washed her clothes and cooked when Sally called. She planned a trip to the Rocky Mountain National Park. She wanted some outdoor activities for the vacations. Brenda liked the idea and accepted to go. They lodged in a cabin and practiced cycling, fishing and hiking. They were there for a week when they decided to go horseback riding.

Brenda was the first to choose her horse. It was a beautiful black stallion. Sally decided to ride on a white mare. They watched the landscape and visited the surroundings. They enjoyed the walk when Sally’s horse stepped on a hole and fell down. Sally fell down too. Brenda called for help.

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TECHNICIAN: Who had an accident? BRENDA: Here, my friend Sally. SALLY: Yes, I fell down from the horse. TECHNICIAN: Don’t you know how to ride a horse? BRENDA: Yes, she does. SALLY: I do. But the horse stepped in a hole and fell. TECHNICIAN: Oh, sorry. And how is the horse? BRENDA: It is alright. He looks well. SALLY: At least he can walk. TECHNICIAN: That’s good. BRENDA: Is she bad?

SALLY: Ouch! TECHNICIAN: Sorry. No it isn’t too bad. But you will have to rest for a couple of days. BRENDA: Does she need any other thing? SALLY: Maybe you have to come back to see me again. TECHNICIAN: No it isn’t necessary. BRENDA: Who knows, maybe she needs extra medicine for the pain. SALLY: Or a massage!

TECHNICIAN: Ja, ja, ja. No, not at all. BRENDA: My name is Brenda. SALLY: And I’m Sally. TECHNICIAN: Nice to meet you girls. My name is Bob. See you.

Nice to meet you girls. My name is Bob. See you. https://www.flickr.com/photos/ santamonicamtns/15475170378/

https://www.flickr.com/photos/

santamonicamtns/15475170378/

READING COMPREHENSION:

1. What did Brenda do at home?

2. What did Sally do?

3. What did Sally want for her vacations?

4. Did Brenda refuse the invitation?

5. When did they decide to go horseback riding?

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7. Who was the technician?

8. What did the girls want?

LISTENING:

Listen carefully and write down the regular verbs and the endings you hear.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

4.7 VOCABULARY

1. ago

hace (tanto tiempo)

2. be born

nacer

3. become

llegar a ser

4. biography

biografía

5. boring

aburrida(o)

6. buzz

zumbar

7. cabin

cabaña

8. can

enlatar, poder

9. carry

llevar

10. college

universidad, facultad, escuela profesional, instituto

11. cook

cocinar

12. couple

par

13. crow

alardear, jactarse

14. crunch

mascar, hacer crujir

15. dance

bailar

16. die

morir

17. editor

editor(a)

18. fall in love

enamorarse

19. fell down

se cayó

20. fire

despedir

21. fold

plegar, doblar

22. get a job

conseguir un trabajo

23. get engaged

comprometerse

45

25. get promoted

ser ascendido(a)

26. get sick

enfermarse

27. graduation

graduación

28. grow up

crecer

29. hate

odiar

30. have a baby

tener un bebé

31. hire

emplear, contratar

32. hole

hueco

33. hurry

apurar

34. immigrate

inmigrar

35. in fact

de hecho

36. landscape

paisaje

37. laugh

reir, reirse

38. learn

aprender

39. leave home

irse de casa

40. leave school

acabar sus estudios

41. like

gustar

42. live

vivir

43. lodged

alojaron

44. look

mirar

45. marry

casar(se)

46. massage

masaje

47. move house

mudarse de casa

48. need

necesitar

49. omit

omitir

50. outdoor

al aire libre

51. pain

dolor

52. parents

padres

53. pass away

morir

54. permit

permitir

55. plan

planear

56. prefer

preferir

57. pregnant

embarazada, encinta

58. raise a family

formar una familia, educar a los hijos

59. reach

alcanzar, llegar

60. refuse

rechazar

61. regret

arrepentir

62. rent a house

alquilar una casa

63. retirement

retiro, jubilación

64. rob

robar

65. stepped

pisó

66. stop

parar

67. study

estudiar

68. such as

tal como

69. surroundings

alrededores

70. take a vacation

tomarse unas vacaciones

71. talk

hablar

46

73. travel

viajar

74. trip

viaje

75. walk

caminar, paseo

76. wash

lavar

77. wedding

boda

47

ON LINE EXPLORING

Past Simple regular verbs

https://en.islcollective.com/resources/printables/worksheets_doc_docx/past_si

mple_regular_verbs_reading/past-simple-london/16165

http://www.readingesl.ca/grammar/past.htm#story3

http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar-vocabulary/grammar-

videos/past-simple-regular-verbs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QlZXd-m6Pdw

https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/regular-verbs-list.htm

Ed pronunciation

http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/how-to-pronounce-ed.html http://www.grammar.cl/english/pronunciation-ed.htm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_WYJClELoc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j32SurxnE4s

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-sGWj_q0fpQ

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LESSON FIVE

MUSIC STYLES

5.1 TYPES OF MUSIC

People have different preferences in music styles. Therefore there are many types of music. Some styles are:

Baroque style

Classical style

Romantic style

Modern style

Baroque music was composed about four hundred years ago. But you can still listen to it in operas and theaters. Classical music came later. It was composed in the period from 1750 to 1820. It was the era of Mozart and Haydn. During the second half of the 18 th century Romantic music dominated in Germany. Ravel’s ‘Bolero’ is an excellent example of it. The twentieth century arose with modern music. Here we can find different types, such as:

blues

country

electronic

folk

heavy metal

hip hop

jazz

latin

opera

pop

rap

reggae

rock

techno

waltz

pop • rap • reggae • rock • techno • waltz https://www.flickr.com/photos/kathmandu/65964534/ Probably

https://www.flickr.com/photos/kathmandu/65964534/

Probably your grandparents danced the waltz or jazz and enjoyed listening classical

music. And you, which one do you prefer?

49

49 https://www.flickr.com/photos/arrogant/534114078/ 5.2 PAST SIMPLE IRREGULAR VERBS Irregular verbs are those that do not

https://www.flickr.com/photos/arrogant/534114078/

5.2 PAST SIMPLE IRREGULAR VERBS

Irregular verbs are those that do not follow any rule to be written in the past tense. So, there is no need to add –ed at the end of the verb. Therefore, they have to be learned by heart. Even though, they can be grouped as to ease their study.

The first group is of those verbs that do not change in any tense.

Example: Infinitive

Past

Past Participle

bet

bet

bet

put

put

put

cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

fit

fit

fit

quit