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EXPLORING

MASCULINITIES
I DENTIT Y, INEQUA LIT Y, CONTINUIT Y,
A N D CHANGE

C.J. Pascoe and Tristan Bridges

NEW YORK OXFORD


OXFORD UNIVERSIT Y PRESS

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CONTENTS

ACK NOW L EDG M E N T S xi


IN T RODUC T IONE X PLOR ING M ASCULINI T IES:
H I S T OR Y, R E P RODU C T ION, H E G E MON Y, A N D DI S L O C A T ION 1

PA R T I HISTORICIZING MASCULINITIES 35

CHAPTER 1 Histor ic i zing Masc ulinit iesA n Int roduc t ion 37


1. Remaking Manhood through Race and Civilization 50
Gail Bederman
2. Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect ManIntroduction 67
John F. Kasson
3. Romantic Friendship: Male Intimacy and Middle-Class Youth
intheNorthern United States, 18001900 75
E. Anthony Rotundo
4. Clothing and Gender in America: Childrens Fashions,
18901920 89
Jo B. Paoletti
5. Shell-Shock as a Social Disease 94
George L. Mosse
6. Breadwinners and Losers: SanctionsAgainst Male Deviance 10 0
Barbara Ehrenreich
7. Guyland: Gendering the Transition to Adulthood 107
Michael Kimmel

vii

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viii CONTENTS

PA R T I I M U LT I P LY I N G M A S C U L I N I T I E S 121

CHAPTER 2 Mult iply ing Masc ulinit iesA n Int roduc t ion 12 3
8. The Social Organization of Masculinity 136
Raewyn Connell
9. Retrofitting Frontier Masculinity for Alaskas War
againstWolves 14 5
Sine Anahita and Tamara L. Mix
10. Manhood Over Easy: Reflections on Hegemonic, Soft-Boiled,
andMultiple Masculinities 155
Melanie Heath
11. Synthesized Masculinities: The Mechanics of Manhood
amongDelinquent Boys 16 6
Victor Rios and Rachel Sarabia
12. Inclusive Masculinities 178
Eric Anderson
13. Healthy for Whom?Males, Men, and Masculinity:
AReflectiononthe Doing (and Study) of Dominance 18 8
Matthew B. Ezzell
14. On Patriarchs and Losers: Rethinking Mens Interests 19 8
Michael A. Messner
15. Masculinities as Structured Action 207
James W. Messerschmidt

PA R T I I I N AV I G A T I N G M A S C U L I N I T I E S 2 21

CHAPTER 3 Nav igat ing Masc ulinit iesA n Int roduc t ion 2 2 3
16. Latino Boys, Masculinity, and Puberty 2 35
Richard Mora
17. My Passport Says Shawn: Toward a Hip-Hop
Cosmopolitanism 24 5
Mark Anthony Neal
18. Masculinity Dilemmas: Sexuality and Intimacy Talk
amongChristiansand Goths 2 58
Amy C. Wilkins
19. Styled Masculinity: Mens Consumption of Salon Hair Care
andtheConstruction of Difference 269
Kristen Barber
20. Becoming a Firefighter 280
Matthew Desmond

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Contents ix

21. Can Bourdieu Help Us Understand Masculinity, and Can


Masculinity Help Us Understand Bourdieu? 2 91
Adam Reich
22. Manning Up to Being Gay: Minority Masculinities in the
Community and at the Club 3 01
Anthony C. Ocampo
23. Negotiating the Field of Masculinity: The Production and
Reproduction of Multiple Dominant Masculinities 311
Tony Coles

PA R T I V D I S L O C AT I N G M A S C U L I N I T I E S 323

CHAPTER 4 Disloc at ing Masc ulinit iesA n Int roduc t ion 32 5


24. Research on Men and Masculinities: Some Implications
ofRecentTheory for Future Work 337
Alan Petersen
25. An Introduction to Female Masculinity:
MasculinitywithoutMen 34 8
J. Jack Halberstam
26. Gosh, Boy George, You Must be Awfully Secure in Your
Masculinity! 359
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick
27. Midwest or Lesbian?: Gender, Rurality, and Sexuality 36 4
Emily Kazyak
28. Williams Doll and Me 376
Karl Bryant
29. Penis Panics: Biological Maleness, Social Masculinity,
andtheMatrix of Perceived Sexual Threat 382
Laurel Westbrook and Kristen Schilt
30. Negotiating Vulnerability and Fear: Rethinking the Relationship
between Violence and Contemporary Masculinity 394
Miriam J. Abelson
31. Dude-Sex: White Masculinities and Authentic Heterosexual
amongDudes Who Have Sex with Dudes 4 02
Jane Ward
32. Masculinities and Post-Homophobias? 412
Tristan Bridges and C.J. Pascoe

C O N C L U S I O N H I S T O R I C I Z I N G , M U L T I P L Y I N G , N AV I G A T I N G , A N D
DISLOC AT ING: LOOK ING TO T HE F U T UR E OF GENDER T HEORY 425

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