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Modul Number Bases 2012

MATHEMATICS FORM 5 Date:


TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 1

Value of digit of number in base two, eight and five.

Example: NUMBER IN BASE 2

Find the value of the underlined digit, in base ten, in the number 101102
Solution:
Base two: 1 0 1 1 0
4 3 2 1
Place value: 2 2 2 2 20

The answer is : 1 x 21 = 1 x 2 = 2.

Question 1
Find the value of the following underlined digits.

a. 110112 b. 11110112 c. 1101002 d. 1110112 e. 1111001112

Example: NUMBER IN BASE 8

Find the value of the underlined digit, in base ten, in the number 12428
Solution:
Base eight: 1 2 4 2
Place value: 83 82 81 80

The answer is : 2 x 82 = 2 x 64 = 128

Question 2
Find the value of the following underlined digits.

a. 211018 b. 104518 c. 31028 d. 602258 e. 12428

Example: NUMBER IN BASE 5

Find the value of the underlined digit, in base ten, in the number 12215
Solution:
Base five: 1 2 2 1
3 2 1
Place value: 5 5 5 50

The answer is : 2 x 52 = 2 x 25 = 50.


Question 3
Find the value of the following underlined digits.

a. 201215 b. 31435 c. 322105 d. 32035 e. 1012445

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim
Modul Number Bases 2012

TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 2

Express a number in base 2, base 8 and base 5 in expanded notation

BASE 2
Example: Question 1:
Express the followings in expanded
Express 10112 in expanded notation. notation:
a) 110012
Solution:
Number 1 0 1 1 b) 11001002
Place value 23 22 21 20
c) 1110012
Expanded = 1x 23 + 1x 22 + 1 x 21 + 1 x 20
d) 100112

e) 1111012

BASE 8
Example: Question 2:
Express the followings in expanded
Express 13428 in expanded notation. notation:
a) 101118
Solution:
Number 1 3 4 2 b) 2348
Place value 83 82 81 80
c) 20648
Expanded = 1x 83 + 3x 82 + 4 x 81 + 2 x 80
d) 532138

e) 1034018

BASE 5
Example: Question 3:
Express the followings in expanded
Express 10222 in expanded notation. notation:
a) 10115
Solution:
Number 1 0 2 2 b) 23025
Place value 53 52 51 50
c) 332145
Expanded = 1x 53 + 1x 52 + 1 x 51 + 1 x 50
d) 1322015

e) 224345

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim
Modul Number Bases 2012

TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 3

CONVERT A NUMBER IN BASE 2, 8 AND 5 TO A NUMBER IN BASE TEN

QUESTION 1
Convert a number in base two to a
BASE 2 number in base ten:
Convert a number in base two to a number (a) 11012 =
in base ten.
Write a number in expanded notation (b) 101102 =
Calculate the value
(c) 1101012 =
Example: 1012
= 1x 22 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 20 (d) 10110112 =
=4 + 0 + 1
= 510 (e) 110110112 =
QUESTION 2
Convert a number in base eight to a
BASE 8 number in base ten:
Convert a number in base eight to a number (a) 1128 =
in base ten.
Write a number in expanded notation (b) 1378 =
Calculate the value
(c) 2468 =
Example: 1368
= 1x 82 + 3 x 81 + 6 x 80 (d) 12112
= 64 + 24 + 6
= 9410 (e) 23548
QUESTION 3

BASE 5 Convert a number in base five to a


Convert a number in base five to a number number in base ten:
in base ten. (a) 1015
Write a number in expanded notation
Calculate the value (b) 1335

Example: 1245 (c) 11425


= 1x 52 + 2 x 51 + 4 x 20
= 25 + 10 + 4 (d) 24215
= 3910
(e) 32145

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE
4

CONVERT A NUMBER IN BASE TEN TO A NUMBER IN BASE 2, 8 AND 5 .

Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim


Modul Number Bases 2012

Convert a number in
base ten to a number in
QUESTION 1:
base two.
Convert the following numbers in
- Perform repeated
base two
B division by 2
(a) 2310
A
1710 base two
S (b) 3710
E 17 remainder (c) 4510
8 ------1
2 4 ------0 (d) 5310
2 ------0
1 ------0 (e) 6110
2 0 ------1

1710 = 100012

Convert a number in base


ten to a number in base
eight.
QUESTION 2:
- Perform repeated
division by 8 B Convert the following numbers in
A base eight
7710 base eight (a) 6310
S
8 77 remainder E (b) 12710
8 9 ------5
8 1 ------1 (c) 24510
8 0 ------1
8
(d) 35310

(e) 42110
7710 = 1158

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 4

Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim


Modul Number Bases 2012

CONVERT A NUMBER IN BASE TEN TO A NUMBER IN BASE 2, 8 AND 5 .

Convert a number in base


ten to a number in base
five. QUESTION 3:

- Perform repeated Convert the following numbers in


base two
B division by 5
(a) 2310
A 3410 base five
S (b) 3410
E 5 34 remainder
(c) 14210
5 6 ------4
5 1 ------1
5 5 0 ------1 (d) 21310

(e) 32210
3410 = 1145

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 5

CONVERT A NUMBER IN A CERTAIN BASE TO A NUMBER IN ANOTHER BASE

STEP :
FIRST, CONVERT A NUMBER IN BASE TEN, THEN CONVERT TO ANOTHER BASE

A number in base x A number in base y


(two, five, eight) A number in (two, five, eight)
EXAMPLE 1 base ten EXAMPLE 2:

(a) Convert 110012 as a number in base five. (a) Convert 4225 as a number in base eight.

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

110012 : 4225 :

To base ten : To base ten :


= 1 x 2 4 + 1 x 23 + 0 x 2 2 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 2 0 = 4 x 5 2 + 2 x 51 + 2 x 5 0
= 32 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 1 = 100 + 10 + 2
= 4110 = 11210

To base five : (repeated division) To base eight : (repeated division)

5 41 remainder 8 112 remainder


5 8 ------- 1 8 14 ----- 0
5 1 ------- 3 8 1 ----- 6
Prepared5by : 0Izhan
------- 1
b. Ibrahim 8 0 ----- 1

Answer : 110012 = 1315 Answer : 4225 = 1608


Modul Number Bases 2012

EXERCISES
1. Convert the following in base five 2. Convert the following in base eight

(a) 1012 (a) 2235

(b) 11012 (b) 3245

(c) 101102 (c) 2135

(d) 110112 (d) 4425

EXAMPLE 3
1. Convert the following in base eight
(a) Convert 110012 as a number in base eight.
(a) 101112
SOLUTION:
(b) 1101102
110012 :
(c) 1011012
To base ten :
(d) 1101102
= 1 x 2 4 + 1 x 23 + 0 x 2 2 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 2 0
= 32 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 1
= 4110

To base five : (repeated division)

8 41 remainder
8 5 ------- 1
8 0 ------- 5
Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim

Answer : 110012 = 518


Modul Number Bases 2012

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 6

ADDITION AND SUBSTRACTION IN BASE TWO

ADDITION SUBSTRACTION

Note:
12 + 02 = 12 Note:
12 + 12 = 102 12 02 = 12
12 + 12 + 12 = 112 12 12 = 02

Example: Example:
111 11 1 02 11 1
11012 101012 11012 101012
+ 1112 + 11012 1112 11012
101002 1000102 1102 1000102

EXERCISES

ADDITION OF TWO NUMBERS IN BASE TW0

a) 10112 b) 101112 c) 101112 d) 101112


+ 1102 + 11012 + 102 + 10102

SUBSTRACTION OF TWO NUMBERS IN BASE TWO

Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim


Modul Number Bases 2012

a) 10112 b) 101112 c) 101112 d) 101112


- 1102 - 11012 - 102 - 10102

Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim