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# Modul Number Bases 2012

## MATHEMATICS FORM 5 Date:

TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 1

## Example: NUMBER IN BASE 2

Find the value of the underlined digit, in base ten, in the number 101102
Solution:
Base two: 1 0 1 1 0
4 3 2 1
Place value: 2 2 2 2 20

The answer is : 1 x 21 = 1 x 2 = 2.

Question 1
Find the value of the following underlined digits.

## Example: NUMBER IN BASE 8

Find the value of the underlined digit, in base ten, in the number 12428
Solution:
Base eight: 1 2 4 2
Place value: 83 82 81 80

## The answer is : 2 x 82 = 2 x 64 = 128

Question 2
Find the value of the following underlined digits.

## Example: NUMBER IN BASE 5

Find the value of the underlined digit, in base ten, in the number 12215
Solution:
Base five: 1 2 2 1
3 2 1
Place value: 5 5 5 50

## The answer is : 2 x 52 = 2 x 25 = 50.

Question 3
Find the value of the following underlined digits.

## a. 201215 b. 31435 c. 322105 d. 32035 e. 1012445

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim
Modul Number Bases 2012

## Express a number in base 2, base 8 and base 5 in expanded notation

BASE 2
Example: Question 1:
Express the followings in expanded
Express 10112 in expanded notation. notation:
a) 110012
Solution:
Number 1 0 1 1 b) 11001002
Place value 23 22 21 20
c) 1110012
Expanded = 1x 23 + 1x 22 + 1 x 21 + 1 x 20
d) 100112

e) 1111012

BASE 8
Example: Question 2:
Express the followings in expanded
Express 13428 in expanded notation. notation:
a) 101118
Solution:
Number 1 3 4 2 b) 2348
Place value 83 82 81 80
c) 20648
Expanded = 1x 83 + 3x 82 + 4 x 81 + 2 x 80
d) 532138

e) 1034018

BASE 5
Example: Question 3:
Express the followings in expanded
Express 10222 in expanded notation. notation:
a) 10115
Solution:
Number 1 0 2 2 b) 23025
Place value 53 52 51 50
c) 332145
Expanded = 1x 53 + 1x 52 + 1 x 51 + 1 x 50
d) 1322015

e) 224345

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim
Modul Number Bases 2012

## CONVERT A NUMBER IN BASE 2, 8 AND 5 TO A NUMBER IN BASE TEN

QUESTION 1
Convert a number in base two to a
BASE 2 number in base ten:
Convert a number in base two to a number (a) 11012 =
in base ten.
Write a number in expanded notation (b) 101102 =
Calculate the value
(c) 1101012 =
Example: 1012
= 1x 22 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 20 (d) 10110112 =
=4 + 0 + 1
= 510 (e) 110110112 =
QUESTION 2
Convert a number in base eight to a
BASE 8 number in base ten:
Convert a number in base eight to a number (a) 1128 =
in base ten.
Write a number in expanded notation (b) 1378 =
Calculate the value
(c) 2468 =
Example: 1368
= 1x 82 + 3 x 81 + 6 x 80 (d) 12112
= 64 + 24 + 6
= 9410 (e) 23548
QUESTION 3

## BASE 5 Convert a number in base five to a

Convert a number in base five to a number number in base ten:
in base ten. (a) 1015
Write a number in expanded notation
Calculate the value (b) 1335

## Example: 1245 (c) 11425

= 1x 52 + 2 x 51 + 4 x 20
= 25 + 10 + 4 (d) 24215
= 3910
(e) 32145

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE
4

## Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim

Modul Number Bases 2012

Convert a number in
base ten to a number in
QUESTION 1:
base two.
Convert the following numbers in
- Perform repeated
base two
B division by 2
(a) 2310
A
1710 base two
S (b) 3710
E 17 remainder (c) 4510
8 ------1
2 4 ------0 (d) 5310
2 ------0
1 ------0 (e) 6110
2 0 ------1

1710 = 100012

## Convert a number in base

ten to a number in base
eight.
QUESTION 2:
- Perform repeated
division by 8 B Convert the following numbers in
A base eight
7710 base eight (a) 6310
S
8 77 remainder E (b) 12710
8 9 ------5
8 1 ------1 (c) 24510
8 0 ------1
8
(d) 35310

(e) 42110
7710 = 1158

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 4

## Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim

Modul Number Bases 2012

## Convert a number in base

ten to a number in base
five. QUESTION 3:

## - Perform repeated Convert the following numbers in

base two
B division by 5
(a) 2310
A 3410 base five
S (b) 3410
E 5 34 remainder
(c) 14210
5 6 ------4
5 1 ------1
5 5 0 ------1 (d) 21310

(e) 32210
3410 = 1145

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 5

## CONVERT A NUMBER IN A CERTAIN BASE TO A NUMBER IN ANOTHER BASE

STEP :
FIRST, CONVERT A NUMBER IN BASE TEN, THEN CONVERT TO ANOTHER BASE

## A number in base x A number in base y

(two, five, eight) A number in (two, five, eight)
EXAMPLE 1 base ten EXAMPLE 2:

(a) Convert 110012 as a number in base five. (a) Convert 4225 as a number in base eight.

SOLUTION: SOLUTION:

110012 : 4225 :

## To base ten : To base ten :

= 1 x 2 4 + 1 x 23 + 0 x 2 2 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 2 0 = 4 x 5 2 + 2 x 51 + 2 x 5 0
= 32 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 1 = 100 + 10 + 2
= 4110 = 11210

## 5 41 remainder 8 112 remainder

5 8 ------- 1 8 14 ----- 0
5 1 ------- 3 8 1 ----- 6
Prepared5by : 0Izhan
------- 1
b. Ibrahim 8 0 ----- 1

Modul Number Bases 2012

EXERCISES
1. Convert the following in base five 2. Convert the following in base eight

## (d) 110112 (d) 4425

EXAMPLE 3
1. Convert the following in base eight
(a) Convert 110012 as a number in base eight.
(a) 101112
SOLUTION:
(b) 1101102
110012 :
(c) 1011012
To base ten :
(d) 1101102
= 1 x 2 4 + 1 x 23 + 0 x 2 2 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 2 0
= 32 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 1
= 4110

## To base five : (repeated division)

8 41 remainder
8 5 ------- 1
8 0 ------- 5
Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim

## Answer : 110012 = 518

Modul Number Bases 2012

MATHEMATICS FORM 5
TOPIC : NUMBER BASES MODULE 6

## ADDITION AND SUBSTRACTION IN BASE TWO

Note:
12 + 02 = 12 Note:
12 + 12 = 102 12 02 = 12
12 + 12 + 12 = 112 12 12 = 02

Example: Example:
111 11 1 02 11 1
11012 101012 11012 101012
+ 1112 + 11012 1112 11012
101002 1000102 1102 1000102

EXERCISES

## a) 10112 b) 101112 c) 101112 d) 101112

+ 1102 + 11012 + 102 + 10102

## Prepared by : Izhan b. Ibrahim

Modul Number Bases 2012

## a) 10112 b) 101112 c) 101112 d) 101112

- 1102 - 11012 - 102 - 10102