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Mashuri,

Chapter 1 The World through Our Senses by M

Paper 1

Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best answer for each question.

1 Which of the following are human sense organs?


I Eye lids
II Ears
III Tongue
IV Skin
A I and III only
B II and IV only
C II, III and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

2 Which of the following are parts of the human nervous system?


I The brain
II The spinal cord
III Peripheral nerves
IV Neurons
A I and II only
B III and IV only
C II, III and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

3 Which part of the human body is the first to receive external stimuli?
A The brain
B The sensory organ
C Effectors
D Nerves

The figure above shows a cross-section of a human skin. Which of the parts labelled A,
B, C or D, is most sensitive to pain?

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Mashuri,

5 Why do different parts of our body have different levels of sensitivity to a stimulus?
I There are different concentrations of receptors in different parts of our body
II The epidermal layer is not uniformly thick
III There are different stimuli receptors in our skin
IV The pigmentation of the skin is not uniform
A I and II only
B III and IV only
C II, III and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

The figure above shows a cross-section of the human nose. What is the function of the
part labelled P?
A To send impulses to the brain
B To produce mucus
C To detect and identify smells
D To filter the air

7 When our nose produces too much mucus, we cannot smell well. What happens when
our nose is completely dry?
A Our nose can immediately detect smells
B Our nose will produce thin mucus
C Our nose cannot detect smells
D Our nose can only detect pleasant smells

The figure above shows parts of a tongue which are sensitive to four different tastes.
What do M, N, O and P represent?

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Mashuri,

M N O P
A Saltiness Sourness Sweetness Bitterness
B Bitterness Sourness Saltiness Sweetness
C Sourness Bitterness Sweetness Saltiness
D Bitterness Saltiness Sweetness Sourness

9 How are the tongue and the nose similar?


I They are sensory organs
II They identify stimuli
III They are affected by the sense of sight
IV They are sensitive to chemical stimuli
A I and III only
B I and IV only
C II, III and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

10 Which of the following statements is true?


I Echoes are reflected sound
II Sound is produced by a vibrating of object
III The oval window in the ear changes vibrations into impulses
IV The eardrum vibrates and amplifies sound
A I only
B I and II only
C I, II and IV only
D I, II, III and IV

11 Deafness could be caused by damage to the


I eardrum
II ossicles
III cochlea
IV semi-circular canals
A I and III only
B I and IV only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

© Science by Mashuri Science Form 2


Mashuri,

12

The figure above shows a cross-section of the human ear. Which of the parts, labelled
A, B, C or D, is not involved in the hearing mechanism?

13 Which of the following is not a part of the eye?


A Conjunctiva
B Cornea
C Cochlea
D Choroid

14

The figure above shows a cross-section of the human eye. Which of the part labelled A,
B, C or D, is most sensitive to light?

15 A student looks at a butterfly which is about 2 metres away from him. He removes his
spectacles and looks closely at it. His friends call him from the far end of the school
field and he turns to look at them. Which of the following shows the changes his eyes’
lenses undergo in the correct sequence?
A C

B D

© Science by Mashuri Science Form 2


Mashuri,

16

The figure above shows a sight defect. What causes this sight defect?
A Reading books in dim light
B A thick lens
C A short eyeball
D Fewer cells on the retina

17
Binoculars • Telescope
Microscope • Hand lens
Spectacles

Which of the following conditions cannot be aided by using any of the above
instruments?
I Astigmatism
II Night blindness
III Short sightedness
IV Colour blindness
A I and III only
B II and IV only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

18 If you knock two stones together underwater, you will hear faint sounds above the
water. However, if you blow a whistle underwater, no sound is heard above the water.
What can you infer from these observations?
A A whistle needs a vibrating air column to produce sound
B Sound vibrations cannot be produced in water
C Sometimes, sound waves cannot travel through water
D Not enough energy is produced when a whistle is blown

19

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Mashuri,

The figure above shows a simple science activity. What inference can you make from
this activity?
I Sound travels in waves
II Sound is produced through vibrations
III Wood is a good sound reflector
IV Cotton wool is a good sound absorber
A I and III only
B II and IV only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

20 Which of the following instruments can help humans overcome hearing limitations and
hearing defects?
I Stethoscopes
II Hearing aids
III Microphones
IV Loudspeakers
A I and II only
B III and IV only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

21 How does a plant get mineral salts and water from the soil?
A By positive phototropism
B By positive hydrotropism
C By positive geotropism
D By positive thigmotropism

22 Shows positive phototropism


Shows negative geotropism

What part of the plant is described in the notes above?


A The shoots
B The roots
C The tendrils
D The fruits

© Science by Mashuri Science Form 2


Mashuri,

23

The apparatus in the figure above was set up and left for five days. What will you
observe after five days?
A The shoots will grow upwards and the roots will grow to the right
B The shoots will grow upwards and the roots will grow downwards
C The shoots will grow upwards and the roots will grow to the left
D The shoots and roots will grow to the left

24

What response is shown by the plant shown in the figure above?


A Seismonastic response
B Phototropism response
C Thigmotropism response
D Hydrotropism response

25 Which of the following movements shows tropism?


I The leaves of a Mimosa pudica plant will close when they are touched
II The roots of a plant grow towards water
III The tendrils of a plant grow towards a fence
IV The pitcher-plant traps an ant
A I and III only
B II and III only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

© Science by Mashuri Science Form 2


Mashuri,

Paper 2

Answer all the questions.

Section A

The figure above shows a cross-section of the human ear.

(a) Give two reasons why the ear is important to human beings.

(b) Label the following parts on the figure.

Ossicles cochlea semi-circular canals

(c) Lily noticed that her grandfather speaks to her very loudly. At first, she thought he
was shouting at her. Then, she realised that this was the way he normally talks.
(i) Why do you think her grandfather speaks loudly?
(ii) Explain your answer in (c) (i).
(iii) What device should Lily’s grandfather use to help him overcome this
problem?

© Science by Mashuri Science Form 2


Mashuri,

The figure above shows a cross-section of the human eye.

(a) The eye is sensitive to which stimulus?

(b) Label the following parts on the figure above.

Ciliary muscles vitreous humour yellow spot

(c) What changes take place in our eyes when we


(i) move from a dark place to a bright place?
(ii) look at a distant object and then at a near object?

Section B

3 A student is blindfolded. The following objects were placed on his forearm, back of the
hand and fingertip:

Pencil Marble Small notebook

The student had to guess and identify the objects. The number of guesses he made
before correctly identifying the objects is recorded in the table below.

Number of guesses
Part of the body
Pencil Marble Small notebook
Forearm 3 4 9
Back of hand 7 3 11
Fingertip 1 2 2

(a) What sense is being tested in this activity?

(b) What is the aim of this activity?

(c) What is the relationship between the number of guesses and how easy it was to
identify the objects?

(d) Could the student use any other sense other than the sense of touch to identify the
objects?

(e) What is the relationship between the part of the body used and how easy it was to
identify the objects?

(f) Give two reasons to explain why fewer guesses were needed when objects were
placed on the fingertip.

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Mashuri,

(g) Name two other receptors that are present in the skin.
4

The apparatus above was used in a science activity. The apparatus was set up and
observed everyday for one week.

(a) What is the aim of this activity?

(b) What would most probably be used as the membrane in the activity, a plastic sheet
or Visking tubing material?

(c) Draw the position of the roots and shoots after one week.

(d) State the


(i) part of the plant that responds to light
(ii) type of response involved

(e) State the


(i) part of the plant that responds to water
(ii) type of response involved

(f) Why are tropism responses important to plants?

© Science by Mashuri Science Form 2