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College of Engineering and Technology

Electrical and Control Engineering Department


Automated Industrial Systems I
EE512

EX2: Star/Delta Motor Starter

Lecturer name: ......

Student name : ...

Registration # : ....

Prepared By: Prof. Hamdy Ashour Eng. Ahmed Al Bashir Mr. Mohamed Samir 1|Pa
Mr. Wael Mohamed ge
September 2014
Experiment 2

Star/Delta Motor Starter


1- Objective

To perform a soft start for a three phase induction motor by star/delta starting method.

2- Theory

The Star Delta starting method is a motor starting mechanism that minimizes the large amount of
starting current that motors draw in. The Star Delta, as the name suggests basically involves feeding
the motor with 1/3 (58%) of the full load current until it attains speed then applying the full load
current.

It is required three contactors i.e., the Star Contactor (K3), the Delta Contactor (K4) and the Main
Contactor (K1). However for the motor to be started in Star Delta, its internal connection at the
terminal box has to be wired in Delta-giving it capability of receiving the full-load current at any
instant.

When the power is fed into the circuit, K1 allows current to flow to the motor. Current flows into
the motor and out to the K3 which is the star-connected starter. After a specified period defined by
the clock delay (usually 5 sec) the K4 (Delta) Closes and K3 opens to allow the motor to receive the
full load current and run at delta.

Traditionally, in many regions there was a requirement that all motor connections be fitted with a
reduced voltage starter for motors greater than 4KW (5HP).This was to curb the high inrush of
starting currents associated with starting induction motors.

The star and delta contactors are mechanically interlocked i.e., if one of them is closed the other
cannot close. This is done to avoid dead short circuit in case both the contactors closing
simultaneously. Electrical interlocking has also been provided, by using contactors control contacts.

An advantage of this method could be low or reduced cost as compared to other methods.

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3- Instruments & Equipments

Three phase induction motor

Main and Sub feeder isolating circuit breakers


(board #5)

Power and control circuits fuses


(board #6)

Three phase electromagnetic contactor with


bi-metal overload relay
(board #2)

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Three phase mechanically interlocked
contactors
(board #4)

On delay timer
(board #7)

Indicating lamps and Pushbuttons


(board #1)

Multimeter

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4- Connection

L1
L2
L3

Circuit Breaker
C.B
Q1

Fuses
F1 F2 F3

Contactor Contactor Contactor


K1 K4 K3

Mech. Interlocked

Overload
F4

T1 T2 T3 T3 T2 T1

3
IM

Power Circuit

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Q2
L1
C.B
Fuse F6

13 13
Pushbutton Start K1
S1
14 14

11
Pushbutton Stop
S0
12

95
Over Load F4

96

11 A1 A1

Contactor Timer
T1 T1 Coil K1 T1 Coil
14 12

21 21
K3 K4

22 22

A1 A1
X1 X1
Contactor Contactor
Coil Coil
H1 K4 K3 H2

X2 A2 A2 X2 A2 A2

Fuse F7
Q2
N
C.B

Control Circuit

Power and Control circuits connections diagram

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5- Procedure
a. Connect the circuits as shown in the diagram.
b. Switch on the main and sub feeder isolating circuit breakers (Q1, Q2).
c. Use the start and stop pushbuttons for motor operation.
d. Measure the current firstly in star then in delta connections.

6- Results
Current in star = ..A
Current in delta= ..A

7- Connect the power and control circuits on the following figure

8- Add your own comments


.
.
.
9- Use internet resources to provide advantages, disadvantages and then discuss different
applications of star/delta motor starter circuit
.
.
.

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