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Basic Laws on the Professionalization of Teaching

Presidential Decree No. 1006 Providing for the professionalization of teachers, regulating
their practice in the Philippines and for other purposes.

Section 1. TITLE

Decree Professionalizing Teaching


It is hereby declared a policy that teacher education shall be given primary concern and attention by the
government and shall be of the highest quality, and strongly oriented to Philippine conditions and to the needs
and aspirations of the Filipino people even as it seeks enrichment from adaptable ideas and practices of other


a. Teaching- refers to the profession primarily concerned with the classroom instruction.

b. Teacher- refers to all persons engaged in teaching at the elementary and secondary levels.

c. Board- refers to the National Board for Teachers duly constituted under this Decree.


1) Secretary of Education and Culture Co-Chairman

2) Chairman, Civil Service Commission

3) Commissioner, Professional Regulations Commission

4) Member Two members representing the private sector to be appointed by the President


(a) Appoint a set of examiners for every examination who will determine and prepare the contents of the Board
examination for teachers;

(b) Determine and fix the places and dates of examination, appoint supervisors and room examiners from
among the employees of the Government;

(c) Look from time to time into the conditions aecting the practice of the teaching profession;

(d) Issue, suspend, revoke, replace or reissue Professional Teachers Certificate, and administer oaths;

(e) Appoint, subject to the provisions of existing laws, such ocials and employees as are necessary in the
eective performance of its functions and responsibilities, prescribe their duties and fix their compensation;

(f) Prescribe and collect examination and other fees as it may deem proper; and

(g) Promulgate rules and regulations, and exercise such other powers, functions and duties as may be
necessary to carry into eect the purposes of this Decree.


(a) The applicant must be a citizen of the Philippines;

(b) That he is of good moral character;

(c) That he is free from any physical or mental defect; and

(d) That he possesses the following minimum educational qualifications:

1) For teachers in the kindergarten and elementary grades, BEEd or its equivalent;

2) For teachers of the secondary schools, Bachelor's degree in Education or its equivalent with a
major and minor, or a Bachelor's degree in Arts or Sciences with at least 18 units in professional education;

3) For teachers of secondary vocational and 2-year technical courses, Bachelor's degree in the field
of specialization with at least 18 units in professional education.


Appointed examiners of the Board are recognized authority in teacher education. The examiner shall receive a
compensation provided in addition to his salary.


Written tests determined by the Board.


At least 70% in all subjects with no rating below 50% in any subject.


150 days after the last day of the examination, unless extended by the Board.


The Board may consider the certificates of rating as certificates of eligibility or issue an entirely new certificate
upon registration of the teacher and payment of the corresponding fees.


Registration shall evidence that the registrant is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a Professional
Teacher until and unless the certificate is suspended or canceled by the Board for just cause.


A new certificate to replace a lost, destroyed or mutilated certificate may be issued subject to the rules of the


The applicant shall submit competent and conclusive documentary evidence, confirmed by the Department of
Foreign Aairs, showing that his country's existing laws permit citizens of the Philippines to practice teaching
profession under the rules and regulations governing citizens.


No person shall engage in teaching and/or act as a teacher unless he is holder of a Professional Teacher
Certificate or is considered a Professional Teacher under this Decree.


A fine of not less than P1,000 nor more than P5,000 with an imprisonment of not less than 6 months nor more
than 2 years, or both such fine an imprisonment at the discretion of the Court.


All Acts, Decrees, Executive Orders, Administrative Orders, rules and regulations or parts thereof inconsistent
with the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.

Section 18. SEPARABILITY CLAUSE In case any provision of this Decree or any portion thereof is declared
unconstitutional by a competent court, other provisions shall not be aected thereby.


Take eect January 1, 1977.

Republic Act No. 7836 An act to strengthen the regulation and supervision of the practice of
teaching in the Philippines and prescribing a licensure examination for teachers and for other


Sec. 1. ShortTitle.

This Act shall be known as the "PhilippineTeachers Professionalization Act of 1994.

Sec. 2. Statement of Policy.

The State recognizes the vital role of teachers in nation-building and development through a responsible and
literate citizenry.

Sec. 3. Objectives.

This Act has the herein objectives:

(a)The promotion, development and professionalization of teachers and the teaching profession; and

(b)The supervision and regularization of the licensure examination.

Sec. 4. Definition ofTerms. For purposes of this Act, the following terms shall mean:

(a) "Teaching" refers to the profession concerned primarily with classroom instruction, at the elementary and
secondary levels in accordance with the curriculum prescribed by the Department of Education, Culture and
Sports, whether on part-time or full-time basis in the private or public schools.

(b) "Teachers" refers to all persons engaged in teaching at the elementary and secondary levels, whether on
full-time or part-time basis, including industrial arts or vocational teachers and all other persons performing
supervisory and/or administrative functions in all schools in the aforesaid levels and qualified to practice
teaching under this Act.

(c) "Board" refers to the Board for Professional Teachers duly established and constituted under this Act.

(d) "Commission" refers to the Professional Regulation Commission.


Sec. 5 Creation and Composition of the Board

The Board is composed of five (5) members including the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman appointed by the
President of the Philippines from among the recommendees chosen by the Commission.

Sec. 6 Duties and Function of the Board

The two most important duties of the Board:

1. Prescribe and/or adopt a code of ethical and professional standards for the practice of the teaching

2. Look into the conditions aecting the practice of the teaching profession and whenever necessary, adopt
such measures as may be deemed proper for the enhancement and maintenance of high professional and
ethical standards of the profession;

Sec. 7. Term of Oce.

The members of the Board shall hold oce for a term of three (3) years from the date they assume oce. No
person who has served for two (2) consecutive terms shall be eligible for reappointment. The chairman or any
member shall take his oath of oce prior to the performance of his duties.

Sec. 8. Qualification of Board Members.

Each Board member must at the time of his appointment:

(a) Be a citizen and resident of the Philippines;

(b) Be at least thirty-five (35) years of age, of proven integrity, and possessed of high moral values;

(c) Be a holder of the degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in Education and preferably a holder of
a master's or doctorate degree in education, or their equivalents;

(d) Be a professional teacher with a valid certificate of registration and valid professional license;

(e) Has been a professional teacher in the active practice of the teaching profession for at least ten (10) years in
the elementary and secondary level;

(f) Not an ocial or member of faculty of any university for at least 3 years prior to his appointment nor
connected with a review center.

Sec. 9. Compensation of the Board.

Sec. 10. Supervision of the Board and Custodian of its Records.

The Board shall be under the supervision and control of the Commission.

Sec. 11. Secretariat and Support Services.

Sec. 12. Removal of a Board Member.


Sec 13. Examination, Registration, and License Required

All applicants for registrations as professional teachers, shall be required to undergo a written examination
which shall be given at least once a year in such places and dates as the Board may determine upon the
approval of the commission.

Sec. 14. Scope of Examination.

Examination for the elementary and secondary school teachers shall be separate.

For Elementary Level 2 parts:

1.Professional Education

2.General Education

For Secondary Levels 3 parts:

1.Professional Education

2.General Education

3.Field of Specialization

Sec 15. Qualification Requirements of Applicants

(a) A citizen of the Philippines or an alien whose country has reciprocity with the Phil. in the practice of
teaching profession

(b) At least 18 years of age

(c) In good health and of good reputation with high moral values;

(d) Has not been convicted by final judgement by a court for an oense involving moral turpitude.

(e) A graduate of a school, college or university recognized by the government and possesses the minimum
educational qualifications as follows;

1. Pre School teachers- Bachelors Degree in Early Childhood Education

2. Elementary teachers- Bachelors Degree in ElementaryEducation

3. Secondary teachers- Bachelors Degree in Education with a major or minor or

Bachelors Degree in Arts and Science with 10 units in

professional education.

4. Vocational and Two-Year Course teachers- Bachelors Degree in the field of

specialization with 18units in professional education.

Sec. 16. Report of the Results of the Examination.

The Board shall within 120 days after the examination report the ratings obtained.

Sec. 17. Issuance of Certificate of Registration and Professional License.

The registration of a professional teacher commences from the date his name is enrolled in a roster of
professional teachers.

Sec. 18. Oath Before Practice.

Every registrant shall be required to take his professional oath before practicing as a professional teacher.

Sec. 19. Periodic Merit Examination ofTeachers.

Sec. 20. Failure to Pass the Merit Examination.

Sec. 21. Incentives.

Teachers who pass the merit examination shall:

(a) Be awarded a diploma of merit by the Board;

(b) Earn merit points for purposes of promotion in salary or to a higher position or grade level;

(c) Be placed in the priority list for government scholarship; and

(d) Enjoy such other benefits as may be promulgated by the Board.

Sec. 22. Integration of the Teaching Profession.

The teaching profession shall be integrated into one national organization which shall be recognized by the
Board and the Commission as the one and only integrated and accredited association of professional

Sec. 23. Revocation of the Certificate of Registration, Suspension from the Practice of the Teaching
Profession, and Cancellation of Temporary or Special Permit.

(a) Conviction for any criminal oense by a court of competent jurisdiction;

(b) Immoral, unprofessional or dishonorable conduct;

(c) Declaration by a court of competent jurisdiction for being mentally unsound or insane;

(d) Malpractice, gross incompetence, gross negligence or serious ignorance of the practice of the teaching

(e)The use of or perpetration of any fraud or deceit in obtaining a certificate of registration, professional license
or special/temporary permit;

(f) Chronic inebriety or habitual use of drugs;

Sec. 24. Registration by Reciprocity.

Sec. 25. Roster of ProfessionalTeachers.

Sec. 26. Registration and Exception.


Sec. 27. Inhibition Against the Practice of theTeaching Profession.

No person shall practice or oer to practice the teaching profession in the Philippines or be appointed as
teacher to any position calling for a teaching position without having previously obtained a valid certificate of
registration and a valid professional license from the Commission.

Sec. 28 Penal Provisions.

If a person is practicing as a professional teacher without a valid certificate of registration or valid license,

He shall be fined with not less than P5,000- P20,000 Or imprisonment of not less than six (6) months to five (5)

Sec. 29. Appropriations.

Sec. 30. Implementation Guidelines.

Sec. 31.Transitory Provisions.

Sec. 32. Separability Clause.

Sec. 33. Repealing Clause.

Sec. 34. Eectivity Clause.

Approved: December 16, 1994

Republic act 9293 An act amending certain sections of RA 7836 otherwise known as the
Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of1994

Section 1. Section 15;(e) (3) of Republic Act No. 7836 is hereby amended as follows;

Section 15. Qualification Requirements of Applicants No applicant shall be

admitted to take the examination unless, on the date of filing of the application, he shall have
complied with the following requirements:

(e) A graduate of a school, college or university recognized by the government and

possesses the minimum educational qualifications as follows:

1. For teachers in preschool, a bachelors degree in early childhood

education (BECED) or its equivalent;

2. For teachers in the elementary grades,a bachelors degree in elementary

education (BECED) or its equivalent;

3. For teachers in the secondary grades, bachelors degree in education or

its equivalent with a major or minor, or a bachelors degree in arts and
sciences with at least 18 units in professional education; and

4. For teachers of vocational and 2-year technical courses a bachelor

degree in the field of specialization or its equivalent, with at least 18 units in
professional education.

Section 2. Section 26 of the same act is hereby recommended to read as follows:

Section 26. Registration and Exception. No person shall engage in teaching and or act as a
professional teacher as defined in this Act, whether in the preschool, elementary or secondary level,
unless a person is duly registered professional teacher, and a holder of valid special or temporary

Upon approval of the application and payment of the prescribed fees, the
certificate of registration and professional license as a professional teacher shall be issued without
examination as required in this Act to a qualified applicant who is:

(a) A holder of a certificate of eligibility as a teacher issued by the Civil Service

Commission and the DECS; or

(b) A registered professional teacher with the National Board for Teachers under the
DECS pursuant to P.D. No. 0016.

Professional teachers who have not practiced their profession for the past 5 years
shall take at least units of pedagogy and 6 units of content courses or the equivalent training and
number of hours; to be chosen from a list of courses to be provided by the Board and the Department
of Education, before they can be allowed to practice their profession in the country.

Those who have failed the licensure examination for the professional teachers, with a rating
of not lower than five percentage points from the passing general average rating shall be eligible as
para-teachers upon issuance by the Board of a two-year special permit, renewable for a non-
extendible period of 2 years

The para-teachers shall be assigned to areas where there is a shortage or absence of a

professional teacher, as identified or provided by the Department of Education and the ARMM
EDUCATION DEPARTMENT to the Board for Professional Teachers and to the Commission. The
special permit shall indicate the area of assignment of the para-teacher.

A special permit may also be issued by the Board to a person who has excelled
and gained international recognition and is a widely acknowledged expert in his or her respective field
of specialization.

Section 3. Section 31 of the same Act is hereby amended to read as follows:

Section 31. Transitory Provision.--- Special Permits, with a validity of 3 and 5 years,
issued to para-teachers by the Board for Professional Teachers before the eectivity of this Act shall
be allowed to expire based on the period granted therein: Provided, That only special permit with a
validity of 3 years may be renewed upon expiration for a non-extendible period of 2 years.

Section 4. References to the Term. Department of Education, Culture and

Sports, in Section 4 (a) and Section 25, and the term DECS IN Section 20, of the same Act, are
hereby amended to read as Department of Education and DepEd, respectively.

Section 5. Separability Clause.If for any reason, any section or provision of this Act or the
application of such section or provision to any person or circumstance is declared unconstitutional or
invalid, no other section or provision of this Act shall be aected thereby.

Section 6. Repealing Clause.All laws, decrees , circulars, administrative orders,

rules and regulations and other issuances which are inconsistent with the provision of this Act are
hereby repealed or modified accordingly.

Section 7. Eectivity. This Act shall take eect upon approval.