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QUEENS COLLEGE

Yearly Examination, 2005-2006


Additional Mathematics
Date:19 -6-2006
Secondary 4B, C, D, E
Time:10:45-11:45

Instructions:
(1) Answer ALL questions in Section A and section B.
(2) All workings must be clearly shown.
(3) Unless otherwise specified, numerical answers must be exact.
(4) The diagrams in this paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.

FORMULA FOR REFERENCE

sin( A B ) sin A cos B cos A sin B

cos( A B ) cos A cos B sin A sin B

tan A tan B
tan( A B )
1 tan A tan B

A B A B
sin A sin B 2 sin cos
2 2

A B A B
sin A sin B 2 cos sin
2 2

A B AB
cos A cos B 2 cos cos
2 2

A B AB
cos A cos B 2 sin sin
2 2

2 sin A cos B sin( A B ) sin( A B )

2 cos A cos B cos( A B ) cos( A B )

2 sin A sin B cos( A B ) cos( A B )

Section A:(52 marks)

1
1. Given and are the roots of the quadratic equation 4 x 2 3 x k 0 .
(a) Find 2 2 in terms of k.
(b) If sin and cos , deduce the value of k. (6 marks)

2. In figure 1, ABCD is a rhombus of sides 6 cm, DAC is a sector with centre at D. If

arc AC has a length of 7 cm. Calculate


(a) ADC in radian measurement.
(b) the area of sector ADC,
(c) the area of the shaded region, correct to 1
decimal place.

Fig (1)

(7 marks)

1
3. Given 0 o 90 o , solve the equation log(sin ) log(cos ) log for .
4
(7 marks)
4. Given the quadratic equation in x
( 2 cos ) x 2 ( 4 sin ) x 3 0
has equal roots.
Find the values of for 0 o 360 o .
(7 marks)

5. Given sin 2 sin( A ) .

2 sin A
(a) Show that tan .
1 2 cos A

(b) Solve the equation sin 2 sin(45 o ) for where 0 o 360 o .


(correct your answer to 2 decimal places.)
(8 marks)

6. Given two points A(2, -1), B(0, 4) and the vector u 3ik j

(a) Express BA in terms of i and j .

(b) If u is parallel to BA , find the value of k.

(c) If the angle between u and BA is 45 o , by considering u BA
find the values of k.
(8 marks)

7. Given that sin x 0 , sin 4 x 0


cos 5 x cos 3x 1
(a) Show that .
cos 9 x cos 7 x 4 cos 2 x 2
2

2
cos 5 x cos 3x
(b) Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation 1 for the
cos 9 x cos 7 x
general solution of x.
(9 marks)

Section B: (48 marks)


Each question carries 16 marks

8. (a) Let 3 sin x cos x = r cos( x ) where r>0.


(4 marks)
(b) Sketch the graph of y 3 sin x cos x for 0 x 360 o .
(Show all the x and y intercepts in your sketch). (2 marks)

(c) Solve the equation 3 sin x cos x 1 for 0 x 360 o and mark these solutions in
your sketch of (b).
(6 marks)

(e) Find the maximum and minimum values of


(i) 3 sin x cos x 1

(ii) 3 sin 2 x cos 2 x 3 sin 2 x (4 marks)

3 tan tan 3
9 (a). Prove the identity tan 3 (3 marks)
1 3 tan 2

(b) Figure 2 shows a square ABCD with AB = x cm. E is point inside the square such
that AE 3 cm, BE 1 cm, CE 5 cm and EBC .

A x B
x2 4
(i) By considering CBE , show that cos .
2x
x2 8 3
1

(ii) By considering ABE , show that sin E
2x
x
(iii) By using (i) and (ii), find the value of x and tan . 5
(8 marks)
D C
Fig (2)
(c) A pole FE is erected vertically at point E with the angle of elevation of F, the top of the
pole, from B being 3 .

(i) Find, without solving for , the height of the pole.

3
(ii) Let P be the point along BC from which the angle of elevation of F will be the
greatest. Find BP.
(5 marks)

10(a) Show that (x 2) is a factor of f ( x) 3 x 3 19 x 2 40 x 28. Hence factorize f(x)


completely.
(3 marks)

(b) Fig (3) shows a parallelogram OACB with AD : DC AE : ED CG : GB 1 : r (r>0).



Let OA a and OB b ,

A E D C

G
Fig (3)

O B


(i) Express OD , OE , OG and GD in terms of r, a and b .
(7 marks)

25 3
(ii) Suppose OA , OB 29 and cos AOB .
3 725


(1) Find a b .

(2) If OE GD , find the value(s) of r.

(6 marks)

End of paper