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SOLUTIONS TO A FEW PROBLEMS IN 13.

10. Determine whether or not F is conservative. If so, find f such that f = F .


F ( x, y ) = ( xy cosh xy + sinh xy ) i + x 2 cosh xyj
Let P = xy cosh xy + sinh xy .
Py = x cosh xy + x 2 ysinh xy + x cosh xy = 2x cosh xy + x 2 ysinh xy
Let Q = x 2 cosh xy .
Qx = 2x cosh xy + x 2 ysinh xy .
These partials equal one another, but we cannot yet conclude that F is conservative.
The domain of F is the entire xy-plane, which is open and simply connected. Thus,
F is conservative.

1
f ( x, y ) = x 2 cosh xy dy = x 2 cosh xy dy = x 2 sinh xy + h ( x )
x
f ( x, y ) = x sinh xy + h ( x )
fx ( x, y ) = sinh xy + xy cosh xy + h ( x )

This means that h ( x ) = 0, which means h ( x ) = K .


So the potential function is f ( x, y ) = x sinh xy + K .

12. Given F ( x, y ) = e xy + xye xy , x 2 e xy with C : r ( t ) = cost, 2sint , 0 t / 2 . (a) Find f such that

f = F . (b) Evaluate C
F dr along C.

f ( x, y ) = x 2 e xy dy

= x 2 e xy dy
1
= x 2 e xy + h ( x )
x
= xe + h ( x )
xy

fx = e xy + xye xy + h ( x ) , which means h ( x ) = 0, so h ( x ) = K .

f ( x, y ) = xe xy + K .

To answer part (b), use the fundamental theorem of line integrals!


F dr = f ( r ( / 2 )) f ( r ( 0 ))
C

= f ( cos ( / 2 ) , 2sin ( / 2 )) f ( cos ( 0 ) , 2sin ( 0 ))


= f ( 0, 2 ) f (1, 0 )
= ( 0 ) e( 0 )( 2 ) (1) e(1)( 0 )
= 0 e0
= 1
18. Show that the integral sin y dx + ( x cos y sin y ) dy is independent of path and evaluate the integral
C

where C is any path from (2, 0) to (1, ).

Vectorize this line integral and identify a vector field F and show that it is conservative. (We are
using Theorem 5.)

sin y dx + ( x cos y sin y ) dy = sin y, x cos y sin y dx, dy


C C

F ( x, y ) = sin y, x cos y sin y


P = sin y
Py = cos y
Q = x cos y sin y
Qx = cos y
Py = Qx

The domain of F is the entire xy-plane, which is open and simply connected; thus, F is
conservative, which means that we can find a potential function f, and evaluate it at the
endpoints to find the value of the line integral.

f ( x, y ) = sin y dx = x sin y + g ( y )
fy = x cos y + g ( y ) , which means g ( y ) = sin y, and so g ( y ) = cos y + K

f ( x, y ) = x sin y + cos y + K , and so we can evaluate the line integral.

sin y dx + ( x cos y sin y ) dy = f (1, ) f ( 2,0 )


C

= (1) sin ( ) + cos ( ) ( 2 ) sin ( 0 ) + cos ( 0 )


= 1 [ 0 + 1]
= 2