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GENERATOR USAGE

Generators are used to perform a wide variety of chores. The wide variety of
generators meet the demands of the variety of almost all potential users.
Generators offered by GeneratorJoe provide a high quality power source that is
reliable and convenient to use.
GENERATOR POWER
Most generators produce AC voltage, very similar to the voltage available in
your home.
The amount of power that a generator can produce is rated in watts (power).
For Example, an EM2500 generator produces a MAXIMUM 2500 watts of
power. This means the EM2500 could provide power to 25 one hundred watt
light bulbs at the same time. The generator would then be at
its MAXIMUM power outpu
MAXIMUM AND RATED POWER
A generator should never be operated at its MAXIMUM power output for
more than 30 minutes.
RATED power is a more reliable measure of generator power. It is the power
that a generator can produce for long periods of time. Typically
the RATED power is 90% of the MAXIMUM power.
LOADS
In the previous example, the light bulbs are the LOAD of the generator. The EM2500 generator
can handle a LOAD of no more than 2500 watts maximum.
The light bulb example is called a RESISTIVE type load and the POWER it requires is pretty easy
to understand. Other RESISTIVE types of LOAD are things like toasters, convection ovens, hot
plates, curling irons, coffee makers, stereos and TV's. RESISTIVELOADS are usually those that
do not have electric motors.
Another load is the REACTIVE type and is a little more confusing. Typically, a REACTIVE load
contains an electric motor. This type of load may require up to three times as much power
(wattage) to START as it does to keep it running. Examples of REACTIVE type loads are air
conditioners, refrigerators / freezers, furnace fans, well pumps, bench grinders and air
compressors.
The generator is producing 100W of electrical output? The load is taking 80W,

so where is the other 20W of electrical energy going It can't vanish

without trace!

The way a generator works is that the mechanical energy needed to drive it

equals the electrical energy it is outputting + the losses in the machine. If it is

not powering any electrical load, then the generator is easy to turn and the

prime mover has to overcome only mechanical losses.

Pretty much.

As you stated "If it is not powering any electrical load, then the
generator is easy to turn" That indicates that if load is connected it would
cause rotational difficulty... In that case do I have to increase the
mechanical input?
Yes: mechanical input must always be greater than electrical output.
What Im trying to say is that under-load do I need to increase mechanical
input?
The electrical output is generated by the mechanical input and there is a
load connected to it... Would that slow the generator? Or even make it
difficult to rotate?
Why is it that without load the generator spins easily and with load it's
more difficult to spin? Does that mean when its becoming more difficult
to spin the mechanical input has to be increased?

Why is it that without load the generator spins easily and with load it's
more difficult to spin? Does that mean when its becoming more difficult
to spin the mechanical input has to be increased?
When a generator has electrical current flowing in its windings this generates a
magnetic field which reacts with the field coil's magnetic field to make it harder
to turn the generator

To maintain constant speed, it is necessary to use more force to rotate the


generator. So, yes, you need more mechanical power input.

However, the generator does not always produce 100 watts (in your case) just
because it is capable of producing this power. If there were no load, it would
not produce any output power at all, although it would still take some
mechanical power to rotate it.

The power it produces depends on the output voltage and the resistance of the
load. (Power = E2 / R. )
If the load was 80 watts, it might take 95 watts of input mechanical power to
maintain a constant speed.

The remaining 15 watts (95 watts - 80 watts) would be lost due to the power
lost in the generator due to friction, the resistance of the wires and brushes and
the power needed to power the field coils.
Does that mean when its becoming more difficult to spin the mechanical input has to

be increased?