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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

31.

Determine the magnitudes of F1 and F2 for equilibrium. 5 kN

Set u = 60.

70 F2

30

x

O u

SOLUTION 5

3

4

:

+ F = 0; 4 7 kN F1

x F2 sin 70 + F1 cos 60 - 5 cos 30 - (7) = 0

5

3

+ c Fy = 0; F2 cos 70 + 5 sin 30 - F1 sin 60 - (7) = 0

5

Solving:

F2 = 9.60 kN Ans.

F1 = 1.83 kN Ans.

Ans:

F2 = 9.60 kN

F1 = 1.83 kN

161

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32.

Determine the magnitude of F1 and its angle u for 5 kN

equilibrium. Set F2 = 6 kN.

70 F2

30

x

O u

SOLUTION 5

3

4

:

+ F = 0; 4 F1

x 6 sin 70 + F1 cos u - 5 cos 30 - (7) = 0 7 kN

5

F1 cos u = 4.2920

3

+ c Fy = 0; 6 cos 70 + 5 sin 30 - F1 sin u - (7) = 0

5

F1 sin u = 0.3521

Solving:

u = 4.69 Ans.

F1 = 4.31 kN Ans.

Ans:

u = 4.69

F1 = 4.31 kN

162

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33.

particle is in equilibrium.

8 kN

30

x

60 5 kN

u

4 kN

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

+ Fx = 0;F sin u + 5 - 4 cos 60 - 8 cos 30 = 0

S

sin u

= 7.3301

cos u

sin u

Realizing that tan u = , then

cos u

tan u = 7.3301

Ans:

u = 82.2

F = 3.96 kN

163

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*34.

within the housing. The bottom one is subjected to a 125-N

force at its contact A due to the load on the shaft.

Determine the normal reactions NB and NC on the bearing

at its contact points B and C for equilibrium.

40

NC

SOLUTION

B C

+ c Fy = 0; 125 - NC cos 40 = 0 NB

A

NC = 163.176 = 163 N Ans.

:

+ F = 0; 125 N

x NB - 163.176 sin 40 = 0

NB = 105 N Ans.

Ans:

NC = 163 N

NB = 105 N

164

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35.

the forces are concurrent at point O, determine the

magnitudes of F and T for equilibrium. Take u = 90.

9 kN

F

A

5 3 B

4

SOLUTION

3

f = 90 - tan - 1 a b = 53.13 O u x

4

:

4

+ F = 0;

x T cos 53.13 - F a b = 0

5

C

3

+ c Fy = 0; 9 - T sin 53.13 - Fa b = 0

5 T

Solving,

T = 7.20 kN Ans.

F = 5.40 kN Ans.

Ans:

T = 7.20 kN

F = 5.40 kN

165

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36.

Determine the tension force in member C and its angle u for

equilibrium. The forces are concurrent at point O. Take

F = 8 kN. 9 kN

F

A

5 3 B

4

SOLUTION

:

4

+ F = 0;

x T cos f - 8a b = 0 (1) O u x

5

3

+ c Fy = 0; 9 - 8 a b - T sin f = 0 (2)

5 C

T = 7.66 kN Ans.

3

u = f + tan - 1 a b = 70.1 Ans.

4

Ans:

T = 7.66 kN

u = 70.1

166

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37.

C

The man attempts to pull down the tree using the cable and

small pulley arrangement shown. If the tension in AB is

60 lb, determine the tension in cable CAD and the angle u

which the cable makes at the pulley. D

20 A

B

30

SOLUTION

+ RFx = 0; 60 cos 10 - T - T cos u = 0

Thus,

u

T(2cos2 ) = 60 cos 10 (1)

2

u u

2T sin cos = 60 sin 10 (2)

2 2

u

tan = tan 10

2

u = 20 Ans.

T 30.5 lb Ans.

Ans:

u = 20

T = 30.5 lb

167

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*38.

of 100 lb. Determine the maximum weight of the crate, and D

the angle u for equilibrium.

12 13

Solution A 5

Equations of Equilibrium. Assume that for equilibrium, the tension along the

length of rope ABC is constant. Assuming that the tension in cable BD reaches the C

limit first. Then, TBD = 100 lb. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

S 13

5W

100 cos u = (1)

13

12

+cFy = 0; 100 sin u - W - W a b = 0

13

25

100 sin u = W (2)

13

Divide Eq. (2) by (1),

sin u

= 5

cos u

sin u

Realizing that tan u = ,

cos u

tan u = 5

u = 78.69 = 78.7 Ans.

5

100 cos 78.69 = W

13

W = 50.99 lb = 51.0 lb 6 100 lb (O.K) Ans.

Ans:

u = 78.7

W = 51.0 lb

168

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39.

the position shown if each chain can support a maximum B

tension of 600 lb before it fails.

3

4 5

30

A C

F

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

4

+cFy = 0;TAB a b - F sin 30 = 0TAB = 0.625 F

5

S

5

Since chain AB is subjected to a higher tension, its tension will reach the limit first.

Thus,

F = 960 lb Ans.

Ans:

F = 960 lb

169

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310.

uniform velocity. Determine the angle u for equilibrium and B

the force in cord AB.

20 A

u D

C F

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Assume that for equilibrium, the tension along the

length of cord CAD is constant. Thus, F = 20 lb. Referring to the FBD shown in

Fig. a,

S

20 sin u

TAB = (1)

sin 20

+cFy = 0;TAB cos 20 - 20 cos u - 20 = 0 (2)

20 sin u

cos 20 - 20 cos u = 20

sin 20

Realizing that sin (u - 20) = sin u cos 20 - cos u sin 20, then

u - 20 = 20

u = 40 Ans.

20 sin 40

TAB = = 37.59 lb = 37.6 lb Ans.

sin 20

Ans:

u = 40

TAB = 37.6 lb

170

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311.

suspended in the position shown if cords AB and CAD can B

each support a maximum tension of 80 lb. Also, what is the

angle u for equilibrium?

20 A

u D

C F

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Assume that for equilibrium, the tension along the

length of cord CAD is constant. Thus, F = W. Assuming that the tension in cord

AB reaches the limit first, then TAB = 80 lb. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

S

80 sin 20

W = (1)

sin u

80 cos 20

W = (2)

1 + cos u

80 sin 20 80 cos 20

=

sin u 1 + cos u

sin u cos 20 - cos u sin 20 = sin 20

Realizing then sin (u - 20) = sin u cos 20 - cos u sin 20, then

u - 20 = 20

u = 40 Ans.

80 sin 20

W =

= 42.56 lb = 42.6 lb 6 80 lb (O.K) Ans.

sin 40

Ans:

u = 40

W = 42.6 lb

171

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*312.

500 kg. Determine the force in each of the cables AB and

AC as a function of u. If the maximum tension allowed in A

each cable is 5 kN, determine the shortest lengths of cables

AB and AC that can be used for the lift. The center of

gravity of the container is located at G.

SOLUTION B C

Free-Body Diagram: By observation, the force F1 has to support the entire weight

of the container. Thus, F1 = 50019.812 = 4905 N.

1.5 m 1.5 m

Equations of Equilibrium:

:

+ F = 0;

x FAC cos u - FAB cos u = 0 FAC = FAB = F

Thus,

u = 29.37

1.5

From the geometry, l = and u = 29.37. Therefore

cos u

1.5

l = = 1.72 m Ans.

cos 29.37

Ans:

FAC = {2.45 cos u} kN

l = 1.72 m

172

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313.

Determine the horizontal compressive force that the

spreader bar AB exerts on point A and the force that each

30 C 30

cable segment CA and AD exert on this point while the

vessel is hoisted upward at constant velocity. A B

D E

Solution

At point C :

FCB = FCA

At point A :

+ Fx = 0;500 ( 103 ) cos 30 - FAB = 0

S

FAB = 433 ( 103 ) lb Ans.

+cFy = 0; 500 ( 10 3

) sin 30 - FAD = 0

FAD = 500 ( 103 ) sin 30

Ans:

FCA = 500 ( 103 ) lb

FAB = 433 ( 103 ) lb

FAD = 250 ( 103 ) lb

173

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314.

2-kg block. The springs are shown in the equilibrium

position.

C B

kAC 20 N/m

3m

kAB 30 N/m

SOLUTION

FAD = 2(9.81) = xAD(40) xAD = 0.4905 m A

Ans.

:

4 1

+ F = 0;

x FAB a b - FAC a b = 0 kAD 40 N/m

5 22

1 3 D

+ c Fy = 0; FAC a b + FAB a b - 2(9.81) = 0

22 5

FAC = 15.86 N

15.86

xAC = = 0.793 m Ans.

20

FAB = 14.01 N

14.01

xAB = = 0.467 m Ans.

30

Ans:

xAD = 0.4905 m

xAC = 0.793 m

xAB = 0.467 m

174

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315.

held in the equilibrium position shown, determine the mass

of the block at D.

C B

kAC 20 N/m

3m

kAB 30 N/m

SOLUTION

A

F = kx = 30(5 - 3) = 60 N

:

+ F = 0; 4

x Tcos 45 - 60 a b = 0

5

T = 67.88 N

D

3

+ c Fy = 0; -W + 67.88 sin 45 + 60 a b = 0

5

W = 84 N

84

m = = 8.56 kg Ans.

9.81

Ans:

m = 8.56 kg

175

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*316.

cause a sag of s = 0.5 m when suspended from the rings at

A and B. Note that s = 0 when the cylinders are removed.

C D

1.5 m

SOLUTION A B

m = 2.37 kg Ans.

Ans:

m = 2.37 kg

176

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317. Unstretched

position

Determine the stiffness kT of the single spring such that the

force F will stretch it by the same amount s as the force F kT

stretches the two springs. Express kT in terms of stiffness k1 F

and k2 of the two springs. s

k1 k2

F

s

Solution

F = ks

s = s1 + s2

F F F

s = = +

kT k1 k2

1 1 1

= + Ans.

kT k1 k2

Ans:

1 1 1

= +

kT k1 k2

177

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318.

2m 3m

the stiffness of the spring to hold the 40-kg crate in the

position shown.

C B

2m

k

Solution

A

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

+ Fx = 0;TBD a 3 b - TCDa 1 b = 0

S (1)

113 12

2 1

+cFy = 0; TBD a b + TCDa b - 40(9.81) = 0 (2)

113 12

Solving Eqs (1) and (2)

l = 232 + 22 = 213 m

Fsp = kx; 282.96 = k ( 113 - 2 )

Ans:

k = 176 N>m

178

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319.

2m 3m

crate in the position shown. Take k = 180 N>m.

C B

2m

k

Solution

A

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

+ Fx = 0;TBD a 3 b - TCDa 1 b = 0

S (1)

113 12

2 1

+cFy = 0; TBD a b + TCDa b - 40(9.81) = 0 (2)

113 12

Solving Eqs (1) and (2)

l = 232 + 22 = 213 m

Ans:

l0 = 2.03 m

179

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*320.

cord AB and spring AC. If the spring has an unstretched

length of 2 ft, determine the angle u for equilibrium. Take

k = 15 lb>ft. B u C

A

SOLUTION

:

+ F = 0;

x Fs cos f - T cos u = 0 (1)

P

s = 2(4)2 + (2)2 - 2(4)(2) cos u - 2 = 2 25 - 4 cos u - 2

Fs = ks = 2k( 25 - 4 cos u - 1)

cos f

From Eq. (1): T = Fs a b

cos u

T = 2k A 25 - 4 cos u - 1 B a

2 - cos u 1

b

25 - 4 cos u cos u

tan u + = 10

25 - 4 cos u 225 - 4 cos u

a 25 - 4 cos u - 1 b

10

(2 tan u - sin u + sin u) =

25 - 4 cos u 2k

tan u a 25 - 4 cos u - 1 b

10

=

25 - 4 cos u 4k

Set k = 15 lb>ft

u = 35.0 Ans.

Ans:

u = 35.0

180

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321.

P = 80 lb causes the angle u = 60 for equilibrium. Cord

AB is 2 ft long. Take k = 50 lb>ft.

B u C

A

SOLUTION

l = 242 + 22 - 2(2)(4) cos 60

l = 212

P

212 2

=

sin 60 sin f

f = sin - 1 = 30

2 sin 60

212

+ c Fy = 0; T sin 60 + Fs sin 30 - 80 = 0

:

+ F = 0;

x -T cos 60 + Fs cos 30 = 0

Fs = 40 lb

Fs = kx

40

40 = 50(212 - l) l = 212 - = 2.66 ft Ans.

50

Ans:

l = 2.66 ft

181

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322.

unstretched length of 3 m. Determine the horizontal force F A

applied to the cord which is attached to the small ring B so

that the displacement of the ring from the wall is d = 1.5 m. k 500 N/m

B

6m

F

:

+ F = 0; 1.5

x (T)(2) - F = 0 C

211.25

d

T = ks = 500(232 + (1.5)2 - 3) = 177.05 N

F = 158 N Ans.

Ans:

F = 158 N

182

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323.

unstretched length of 3 m. Determine the displacement d of the A

cord from the wall when a force F = 175 N is applied to the cord.

k 500 N/m

B

6m

F

:

+ F = 0;

x 175 = 2T sin u

C

T sin u = 87.5 d

TC S = 87.5

d

23 + d 2

2

T = ks = 500( 232 + d 2 - 3)

3

d a1 - b = 0.175

29 + d2

By trial and error:

d = 1.56 m Ans.

Ans:

d = 1.56 m

183

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*324.

and F2 = 1000 N. F1

C D

F2

B

2m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. The tension throughout rope ABCD is constant, that is A

x

F1 = 800 N. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

+ Fx = 0;

S 1000 - 2[800 cos u] = 0

u = 51.32

y = 2 m Ans.

and

2

= tan 51.32;x = 1.601 m = 1.60 m Ans.

x

Ans:

y = 2m

x = 1.60 m

184

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325.

and F2 = 1000 N. F1

C D

F2

B

2m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. The tension throughout rope ABCD is constant, A

x

that is F1. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

y 2

+cFy = 0; F1a b - F1a b = 0

2

2y + 1.5 2 2.5

y 2

=

2

2y + 1.5 2 2.5

y = 2 m Ans.

S 2.5

F1 = 833.33 N = 833 N

Ans.

Ans:

y = 2m

F1 = 833 N

185

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326.

Determine the force in each cord for equilibrium. D

5

3

4

C

B

60

A E

H

SOLUTION

At H:

+ c Fy = 0; THA - 30(9.81) = 0

At A:

+ Fx = 0;

S TAE - 339.83 cos 60 = 0

At B:

3

+ c Fy = 0; TBD a b - 339.83 sin 60 = 0

5

+ Fx = 0; 4

S 490.50 a b + 339.83 cos 60 - TBC = 0

5

Ans:

THA = 294 N

TAB = 340 N

TAE = 170 N

TBD = 490 N

TBC = 562 N

186

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327.

Determine the largest mass of pipe that can be supported. D

5

3

4

C

B

60

A E

SOLUTION

H

At H:

+ c Fy = 0; FHA = W

At A:

+ c Fy = 0; FAB sin 60 - W = 0

FAB = 1.1547 W

:

+ F = 0;

x FAE - (1.1547 W) cos 60 = 0

FAE = 0.5774 W

At B:

3

+ c Fy = 0; FBD a b - (1.1547 cos 30)W = 0

5

FBD = 1.667 W

:

+ F = 0; 4

x - FBC + 1.667 Wa b + 1.1547 sin 30 = 0

5

FBC = 1.9107 W

500 = 1.9107 W

W = 261.69 N

261.69

m = = 26.7 kg Ans.

9.81

Ans:

m = 26.7 kg

187

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*328.

poles as shown. If each light has a weight of 50 lb, determine

the tension in each of the three supporting cables and the

required height h of the pole DE so that cable AB is

horizontal.

A

h C

Solution

At point B : E 18 ft

24 ft

1 5 ft

+cFy = 0; FBC - 50 = 0

12

10 ft

FBC = 70.71 = 70.7 lb Ans.

6 ft

+ Fx = 0; 1 (70.71) - FAB = 0

S

12

FAB = 50 lb Ans.

At point A :

+ Fx = 0;50 - FAD cos u = 0

S Ans.

+cFy = 0;FAD sin u - 50 = 0

u = 45

h = 18 + 5 = 23 ft Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 50 lb

FAD = 70.7 lb

h = 23 ft

188

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329.

A

Determine the tension developed in each cord required for E

equilibrium of the 20-kg lamp. 4 5

3

C D 30

B 45

SOLUTION

F

Equations of Equilibrium: Applying the equations of equilibrium along the x and y

axes to the free-body diagram of joint D shown in Fig. a, we have

:

+ F = 0;

x FDE sin 30 - 20(9.81) = 0 FDE = 392.4 N = 392 N Ans.

+ c Fy = 0; 392.4 cos 30 - FCD = 0 FCD = 339.83 N = 340 N Ans.

Using the result FCD = 339.83 N and applying the equations of equilibrium along the

x and y axes to the free-body diagram of joint D shown in Fig. b, we have

3

:

+ F = 0;

x 339.83 - FCA a b - FCD cos 45 = 0 (1)

5

4

+ c Fy = 0; FCA a b - FCB sin 45 = 0 (2)

5

Solving Eqs. (1) and (2), yields

FCB = 275 N FCA = 243 N Ans.

Ans:

FDE = 392 N

FCD = 340 N

FCB = 275 N

FCA = 243 N

189

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330.

A

Determine the maximum mass of the lamp that the cord E

system can support so that no single cord develops a tension 4 5

exceeding 400 N. 3

C D 30

B 45

SOLUTION F

axes to the free-body diagram of joint D shown in Fig. a, we have

:

+ F = 0; 19.62m cos 30 - FCD = 0 FCD = 16.99m

x

Using the result FCD = 16.99m and applying the equations of equilibrium along the

x and y axes to the free-body diagram of joint D shown in Fig. b, we have

3

: 16.99m - FCA a b - FCD cos 45 = 0

+ F = 0; (1)

x

5

4

+ c Fy = 0; FCA a b - FCB sin 45 = 0 (2)

5

Notice that cord DE is subjected to the greatest tensile force, and so it will achieve

the maximum allowable tensile force first. Thus

m = 20.4 kg Ans.

Ans:

m = 20.4 kg

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331.

x = 2 m determine the force F and the sag s for equilibrium. x

B C

D E

Solution F

s 2

cos f = sin f =

2 2

2s + 2 2s + 22

2

s 4

cos u = sin u =

2 2

2s + 4 2s + 42

2

2 4

+ Fx = 0;

S 6(9.81)a b - 4(9.81)a b = 0

2 2

2s + 2 2s + 42

2

3 4

=

2 2

2s + 2 2s + 42

2

3.381 3.381

+cFy = 0;6(9.81)a

2 2

b + 4(9.81)a b - F = 0

23.381 + 2 23.3812 + 42

F = 75.99 N = 76.0 N Ans.

Ans:

s = 3.38 m

F = 76.0 N

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*332.

F = 80 N, determine the sag s and distance x for equilibrium. x

B C

D E

Solution F

S

2

sin f = sin u (1)

3

+cFy = 0;

6(9.81) cos f + 4(9.81) cos u - 80 = 0

3 cos f + 2 cos u = 4.0775 (2)

Using Eq (1), the geometry shown in Fig. b can be constructed. Thus

29 - 4 sin2 u

cos f =

3

Substitute this result into Eq. (2),

29 - 4 sin2u

3a b + 2 cos u = 4.0775

3

Here, cos2 u + sin2 u = 1. Then

cos u = 0.7128u = 44.54

2

sin f = sin 44.54f = 27.88

3

6 - x x

From Fig. c, = tan 44.54 and = tan 27.88.

s s

So then,

6 - x x

+ = tan 44.54 + tan 27.88

s s

6

= 1.5129

s

s = 3.9659 m = 3.97 m Ans.

Ans:

s = 3.97 m

x = 2.10 m

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333.

cords connected together as shown. Determine the tension E

in each cord and the angle u for equilibrium. Cord BC is D

horizontal.

30 u

B C

60 45

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Considering the equilibrium of Joint A by referring to

its FBD shown in Fig. a,

+ Fx = 0;

S TAC cos 45 - TAB cos 60 = 0 (1)

TBC = 10.98 lb = 11.0 lb Ans.

Finally joint C by referring to its FBD shown in Fig. c

+ Fx = 0;TCD cos u - 10.98 - 7.764 cos 45 = 0

S

+cFy = 0;

TCD sin u - 7.764 sin 45 = 0

Ans:

TAB = 11.0 lb

TAC = 7.76 lb

TBC = 11.0 lb

TBE = 19.0 lb

TCD = 17.4 lb

u = 18.4

193

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334.

Determine the largest weight of the lamp that can be E

supported. Also, determine u of cord DC for equilibrium. D

30 u

B C

60 45

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Considering the equilibrium of Joint A by referring to

its FBD shown in Fig. a,

S (1)

+ Fx = 0; TBC + 0.7321 W cos 60 - 1.2679 W cos 30 = 0

S

TBC = 0.7321 W Ans.

Finally, joint C by referring to its FBD shown in Fig. c,

+ Fx = 0;TCD cos u - 0.7321 W - 0.5176 W cos 45 = 0

S

Here cord BE is subjected to the largest tension. Therefore, its tension will reach the

limit first, that is TBE = 20 lb. Then

Ans:

u = 18.4

W = 15.8 lb

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335.

200 lb. Determine the required length l of cord AC such that C 40 B

the tension acting in AC is 160 lb. Also, what is the force in

cord AB? Hint: Use the equilibrium condition to determine l 2 ft

the required angle u for attachment, then determine l using

trigonometry applied to triangle ABC.

A

SOLUTION 200 lb

:

+ F = 0;

x FAB cos 40 - 160 cos u = 0

Thus,

u = 33.25

2 l

=

sin 33.25 sin 40

l = 2.34 ft Ans.

Also,

u = 66.75

2 l

=

sin 66.75 sin 40

l 1.40 ft Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 175 lb

l = 2.34 ft

FAB = 82.4 lb

l = 1.40 ft

195

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*336.

3.5 m

x

Cable ABC has a length of 5 m. Determine the position x

and the tension developed in ABC required for equilibrium 0.75 m C

of the 100-kg sack. Neglect the size of the pulley at B.

A

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: Since cable ABC passes over the smooth pulley at B, the

tension in the cable is constant throughout its entire length. Applying the equation

of equilibrium along the y axis to the free-body diagram in Fig. a, we have

3.5 - x x

+ = 5

cos f cos f

3.5

f = cos - 1 a b = 45.57

5

Also,

x tan 45.57 + 0.75 = (3.5 - x) tan 45.57

x = 1.38 m Ans.

Substituting f = 45.57 into Eq. (1), yields

T = 687 N Ans.

Ans:

x = 1.38 m

T = 687 N

196

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337.

Determine the normal force it exerts on the surface and the

mass mB of block B needed to hold it in the equilibrium

position shown.

B

60

SOLUTION

A

Geometry: The angle u which the surface make with the horizontal is to be

determined first. y 2.5x2

0.4 m

tan u ` ` = 5.0x `

dy

= = 2.00 x

x = 0.4 m dx x = 0.4m x = 0.4 m

0.4 m

u = 63.43

Free Body Diagram: The tension in the cord is the same throughout the cord and is

equal to the weight of block B, WB = mB (9.81).

Equations of Equilibrium:

:

+ F = 0;

x mB (9.81) cos 60 - Nsin 63.43 = 0

N = 5.4840mB [1]

Ans:

mB = 3.58 kg

N = 19.7 N

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338.

the 20-kg ball D in equilibrium. Take F = 300 N and d = 1 m.

B

1.5 m

SOLUTION d

A

Equations of Equilibrium: F

2m

: Fx = 0;

+ 4 2

300 - FAB a b - FAC a b = 0

241 25 D

06247FAB + 0.8944FAC = 300 (1)

5 1

+ c Fy = 0; FAB a b + FAC a b - 196.2 = 0

241 25

0.7809FAB + 0.4472FAC = 196.2 (2)

Ans:

FAB = 98.6 N

FAC = 267 N

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339.

applied horizontally to the ring at A, determine the largest

dimension d so that the force in cable AC is zero. B

1.5 m

d

SOLUTION

A

Equations of Equilibrium: F

2m

: Fx = 0;

+

100 - FAB cos u = 0 FAB cos u = 100 (1)

D

+ c Fy = 0; FAB sin u - 196.2 = 0 FAB sin u = 196.2 (2)

d = 2.42 m Ans.

Ans:

d = 2.42 m

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*340.

long cable, which is attached to the sides of the tank and

passes over the small pulley located at O. If the cable can be

attached at either points A and B, or C and D, determine

which attachment produces the least amount of tension in

O

the cable. What is this tension?

B

1 ft

C

2 ft

D

A

2 ft

2 ft

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: By observation, the force F has to support the entire weight

of the tank. Thus, F = 200 lb. The tension in cable AOB or COD is the same

throughout the cable.

Equations of Equilibrium:

:

+ F = 0;

x T cos u - T cos u = 0 ( Satisfied!)

100

+ c Fy = 0; 200 - 2T sin u = 0 T = (1)

sin u

From the function obtained above, one realizes that in order to produce the least

amount of tension in the cable, sin u hence u must be as great as possible. Since the

attachment of the cable to point C and D produces a greater u A u = cos - 113 = 70.53 B

as compared to the attachment of the cable to points A and B A u = cos - 1 23 = 48.19 B ,

the attachment of the cable to point C and D will produce the least amount

of tension in the cable. Ans.

Thus,

100

T = = 106 lb Ans.

sin 70.53

Ans:

T = 106 lb

200

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341.

5 ft

A x 1 ft

load. Determine the position x and the tension in the cord

that is required for equilibrium. The cord passes through

C

the smooth ring at B and has an unstretched length of 6 ft

and stiffness of k = 50 lb>ft. B

SOLUTION

Equations of Equilibrium: Since elastic cord ABC passes over the smooth ring at B,

the tension in the cord is constant throughout its entire length. Applying the equation

of equilibrium along the y axis to the free-body diagram in Fig. a, we have

+ c Fy = 0; 2T sin f - 40 = 0 (1)

x 5 - x 5

lABC = + = (2)

cos f cos f cos f

Also,

x tan f + 1 = (5 - x) tan f

5 tan f - 1

x = (3)

2 tan f

Spring Force Formula: Applying the spring force formula using Eq. (2), we obtain

5

T = 50 c - 6d (4)

cos f

Substituting Eq. (4) into Eq. (1) yields

f = 40.86

Ans:

T = 30.6 lb

x = 1.92 ft

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342.

block D. The cord is fixed to a pin at A and passes over two

small pulleys at B and C. Determine the weight of the

suspended block at B if the system is in equilibrium when A C

s = 1.5 ft.

s 1.5 ft

SOLUTION

Free-Body Diagram: The tension force in the cord is the same throughout the cord,

that is, 10 lb. From the geometry, D

B

0.5

u = sin-1 a b = 23.58

1.25

Equations of Equilibrium:

:

+ F = 0;

x 10 sin 23.58 - 10 sin 23.58 = 0 (Satisfied!)

WB = 18.3 lb Ans.

Ans:

WB = 18.3 lb

202

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343.

Determine the force developed in each cable for

equilibrium.

D

1.5 m

y

1.5 m

A

Solution 2m B

C

1.5

Fz = 0; FAD a b - 40(9.81) = 0

21.5 + 22 + 1.52

2

Using this result,

1.5

Fx = 0; FAC - 762.69 a b = 0

21.5 + 22 + 1.52

2

2

Fy = 0; FAB - 762.69 a b = 0

21.5 + 22 + 1.52

2

Ans:

FAD = 763 N

FAC = 392 N

FAB = 523 N

203

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*344.

of the particle.

F2

4 kN

10 kN

25

7

30 24

y

30

F1

F3

Solution

x

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown,

24

Fy = 0; 10 a b - 4 cos 30 - F2 cos 30 = 0 F2 = 7.085 kN = 7.09 kN Ans.

25

7

Fx = 0; F1 - 4 sin 30 - 10 a b = 0 F1 = 4.80 kN Ans.

25

Ans:

F2 = 7.09 kN

F1 = 4.80 kN

F3 = 3.54 kN

204

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345.

determine the force in the supporting cables DA, DB,

and DC.

2.5 ft

C

4.5 ft

3 ft

A

SOLUTION

3 1.5 3 y

uDA = { i - j + k}

4.5 4.5 4.5 B 1.5 ft

3 ft

1.5 1 3 D

uDC = {- i + j + k} 1.5 ft

3.5 3.5 3.5

3 1.5

Fx = 0; F - F = 0

4.5 DA 3.5 DC x

1.5 1

Fy = 0; - F - FDB + F = 0

4.5 DA 3.5 DC

3 3

Fz = 0; F + F - 20 = 0

4.5 DA 3.5 DC

Ans:

FDA = 10.0 lb

FDB = 1.11 lb

FDC = 15.6 lb

205

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346.

hold the 20-kg crate in the equilibrium position shown. C

Each spring has an unstretched length of 2 m and a stiffness

of k = 360 N>m.

B

A

12 m

O

SOLUTION

y

x 4m 6m

Cartesian Vector Notation:

6i + 4j + 12k 3 2 6

2

26 + 4 + 122 2 7 7 7

F = {-196.2k} N

Equations of Equilibrium:

3 2 6

a FOC - FOB b i + a FOC - FOA b j + a FOC - 196.2bk = 0

7 7 7

3

F - FOB = 0 (1)

7 OC

2

F - FOA = 0 (2)

7 OC

6

FOC - 196.2 = 0 (3)

7

F

Spring Elongation: Using spring formula, Eq. 32, the spring elongation is s = .

k

98.1

sOB = = 0.327 m = 327 mm Ans.

300

65.4

sOA = = 0.218 m = 218 mm Ans.

300

Ans:

sOB = 327 mm

sOA = 218 mm

206

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347.

20-kg flowerpot.

B

6m

4m

D

A

3m 2m

Solution C 2m y

x

Equations of Equilibrium.

6

Fz = 0; FAB a b - 20(9.81) = 0 FAB = 219.36 N = 219 N Ans.

145

2 2

Fx = 0; FAC a b - FADa b = 0 FAC = FAD = F

120 120

Using the results of FAB = 219.36 N and FAC = FAD = F,

4 3

Fy = 0; 2c F a b d - 219.36 a b = 0

120 145

FAC = FAD = F = 54.84 N = 54.8 N Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 219 N

FAC = FAD = 54.8 N

207

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*348.

100-kg crate in the equilibrium position shown.

2m

D

C

A 1m

2m 2m

2.5 m

SOLUTION B y

x

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown

in Fig. (a) in Cartesian vector form as

FAB = FAB i

FAC = - FAC j

(- 2 - 0)i+ (2 - 0)j+ (1 - 0)k 2 2 1

F j + FAD k

2 2

2(-2 - 0) + (2 - 0) + (1 - 0) 2 3 3 AD 3

2 2 1

FAB i + ( -FAC j) + a - FAD i + FAD j + FAD kb + ( -981k) = 0

3 3 3

2 2 1

a FAB - F b i + a - FAC + FAD b j + a FAD - 981b k = 0

3 AD 3 3

Equating the i, j, and k components yields

2

FAB - F = 0 (1)

3 AD

2

- FAC + F = 0 (2)

3 AD

1

F - 981 = 0 (3)

3 AD

Solving Eqs. (1) through (3) yields

Ans:

FAD = 2.94 kN

FAB = 1.96 kN

208

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349.

developed in any cable does not exceeded 3 kN.

2m

D

C

A 1m

2m 2m

2.5 m

SOLUTION B y

x

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown

in Fig. (a) in Cartesian vector form as

FAB = FAB i

FAC = - FAC j

(- 2 - 0)i+ (2 - 0)j+ (1 - 0)k 2 2 1

F j + FAD

2(- 2 - 0)2 + (2 - 0)2 + (1 - 0)2 3 3 AD 3

W = [ -m(9.81)k]

2 2 1

FAB i + ( -FAC j) + a - FAD i + FAD j + FAD kb + [- m(9.81)k] = 0

3 3 3

2 2 1

aFAB - F b i + a - FAC + FAD b j + a FAD - 9.81mb k = 0

3 AD 3 3

2

FAB - F = 0 (1)

3 AD

2

- FAC + F = 0 (2)

3 AD

1

F - 9.81m = 0 (3)

3 AD

When cable AD is subjected to maximum tension, FAD = 3000 N. Thus, by

substituting this value into Eqs. (1) through (3), we have

m = 102 kg Ans.

Ans:

m = 102 kg

209

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350.

1 ft

6 ft

C D 1 ft

2 ft

y

3 ft

Solution B

x

3 3 2

Fx = 0; FABa b - FAC a b - FADa b = 0 (1)

7 146 7

2 1 3

Fy = 0; - FABa b - FAC a b + FADa b = 0 (2)

7 146 7

6 6 6

Fz = 0; - FABa b - FAC a b - FADa b + 500 = 0 (3)

7 146 7

Ans:

FAC = 113 lb

FAB = 257 lb

FAD = 210 lb

210

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351.

ring if each cable can support a maximum force

of 800 lb. F

1 ft

6 ft

C D 1 ft

2 ft

y

3 ft

Solution B

x

3 3 2

Fx = 0; FABa b - FAC a b - FADa b = 0 (1)

7 146 7

2 1 3

Fy = 0; - FABa b - FAC a b + FADa b = 0 (2)

7 146 7

6 6 6

Fz = 0; - FABa b - FAC a b - FADa b + F = 0 (3)

7 146 7

Solving Eqs (1), (2) and (3)

Since cable AB is subjected to the greatest tension, its tension will reach the limit

first that is FAB = 800 lb. Then

800 = 0.5133 F

Ans:

F = 1558 lb

211

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*352.

the force developed along strut AD for equilibrium of the 2 ft

400-lb crate.

2 ft

B

C

4 ft

5.5 ft A

SOLUTION

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown in D 2.5 ft

Fig. a in Cartesian vector form as

x 6 ft

y

(- 2 - 0)i + ( -6 - 0)j + (1.5 - 0)k

FAB = FAB C S = -

4 12 3

F i - F j + F k

2( -2 - 0)2 + ( - 6 - 0)2 + (1.5 - 0)2 13 AB 13 AB 13 AB

FAC = FAC C S =

2 6 3

F i - FAC j + FAC k

2 2

2(2 - 0) + ( - 6 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 AC 7 7

FAD = FAD C S =

12 5

F j + F k

2 2

2(0 - 0) + [0 - (- 6)] + (0 - (- 2.5)] 2 13 AD 13 AD

W = {- 400k} lb

4 12 3 2 6 3 12 5

F i - F j +

13 AB 13 AB 13 AB 7 7 7 13 13 AD

4 2 12 6 12 3 3 5

F

13 AB 7 13 7 13 AD 13 7 13 AD

4 2

- F + FAC = 0 (1)

13 AB 7

12 6 12

- FAB - FAC + F = 0 (2)

13 7 13 AD

3 3 5

F + FAC + F - 400 = 0 (3)

13 AB 7 13 AD

FAB = 274 lb Ans.

FAC = 295 lb Ans.

FAD = 547 lb Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 274 lb

FAC = 295 lb

FAD = 547 lb

212

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353.

exceed 300 lb, determine the largest weight of the crate that 2 ft

can be supported. Also, what is the force developed along

2 ft

strut AD?

B

C

4 ft

5.5 ft A

SOLUTION

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram D 2.5 ft

shown in Fig. a in Cartesian vector form as

x 6 ft

FAB = FAB C S = -

4 12 3

F i - F j + F k

2 2

2( -2 - 0) + (-6 - 0) + (1.5 - 0) 2 13 AB 13 AB 13 AB

FAC = FAC C S =

2 6 3

FAC i - FAC j + FAC k

2(2 - 0)2 + ( -6 - 0)2 + (3 - 0)2 7 7 7

FAD = FAD C S =

12 5

FAD j + FAD k

2(0 - 0)2 + [0 - ( - 6)]2 + [0 - ( -2.5)]2 13 13

W = -Wk

4 12 3 2 6 3 12 5

FAB i - FAB j +

13 13 13 7 7 7 13 13

4 2 12 6 12 3 3 5

13 7 13 7 13 13 7 13

4 2

- F + FAC = 0

13 AB 7 (1)

12 6 12

- F - FAC + F = 0

13 AB 7 13 AD (2)

3 3 5

FAB + FAC + FAD - W = 0

13 7 13 (3)

FAC = 300 lb into Eqs. (1) through (3) and solving, yields

FAB = 278.57 lb

FAD = 557 lb W = 407 lb Ans.

Ans:

FAD = 557 lb

W = 407 lb

213

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354.

equilibrium of the 300-lb crate.

3 ft

2 ft B

2 ft

C

3 ft D

6 ft

x A 4 ft

3 ft y

SOLUTION

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces shown in Fig. a in Cartesian vector

form as

FAB = FAB C S = - FAB i - FAB j + FAB k

3 6 2

2

2(- 3 - 0) + (-6 - 0) + (2 - 0) 2 7 72 7

FAC = FAC C S =

2 6 3

F i - FAC j + FAC k

2 2

2(2 - 0) + ( -6 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 AC 7 7

FAD = FAD C S =

3 4

F j + FAD k

2 2

2(0 - 0) + (3 - 0) + (4 - 0) 2 5 AD 5

W = {-300k} lb

3 6 2 2 6 3 3 4

7 7 AB 7 7 7 7 5 5

3 2

- FAB + FAC = 0 (1)

7 7

6 6 3

- FAB - FAC + FAD = 0 (2)

7 7 5

2 3 4

F + FAC + FAD - 300 = 0 (3)

7 AB 7 5

Ans:

FAB = 79.2 lb

FAC = 119 lb

FAD = 283 lb

214

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355.

suspended from cables AB, AC, and AD so that the tension

developed in any one of the cables does not exceed 250 lb.

3 ft

2 ft B

2 ft

C

3 ft D

6 ft

x A 4 ft

3 ft y

SOLUTION

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces shown in Fig. a in Cartesian vector

form as

FAB = FAB C S = - FAB i - FAB j + FAB k

3 6 2

2

2( -3 - 0) + (-6 - 0) + (2 - 0) 2 7 72 7

FAC = FAC C S =

2 6 3

FAC i - FAC j + FAC k

2 2

2(2 - 0) + ( - 6 - 0) + (3 - 0) 2 7 7 7

FAD = FAD C S =

3 4

FAD j + FAD k

2 2

2(0 - 0) + (3 - 0) + (4 - 0) 2 5 5

W = -WC k

3 6 2 2 6 3 3 4

7 7 7 7 7 7 5 5

3 2 6 6 3 2 3 4

7 7 7 7 5 7 7 5

3 2

- FAB + FAC = 0 (1)

7 7

6 6 3

- FAB - FAC + FAD = 0 (2)

7 7 5

2 3 4

FAB + FAC + FAD - WC = 0 (3)

7 7 5

Assuming that cable AD achieves maximum tension first, substituting FAD = 250 lb

into Eqs. (2) and (3), and solving Eqs. (1) through (3) yields

WC = 265 lb Ans.

Since FAB = 70 lb 6 250 lb and FAC = 105 lb, the above assumption is correct.

Ans:

WC = 265 lb

215

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*356.

Determine the force acting in each cord for equilibrium.

C

B

D

60

30

45

SOLUTION

30

FAD = FAD (sin 30i - cos 30 sin 60j + cos 30 cos 60k) A

y

= 0.5FADi - 0.75FADj + 0.4330FAD k

x

FAC = FAC (- sin 30i - cos 30 sin 60j + cos 30 cos 60k)

F = -25(9.81)k = {-245.25k} N

Thus,

Ans:

FAD = FAC = 104 N

FAB = 220 N

216

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357.

it fails, determine the greatest weight of the flowerpot the

cords can support.

C

B

D

60

30

45

SOLUTION

30

FAD = FAD (sin 30i - cos 30 sin 60j + cos 30 cos 60k) A

y

= 0.5FAD i - 0.75FAD j + 0.4330FAD k

x

FAC = FAC (- sin 30i - cos 30 sin 60 j + cos 30 cos 60 k)

W = -Wk

Fx = 0; 0.5FAD - 0.5FAC = 0

0.8660FAC + 1.5FAC - W = 0

2.366FAC = W

1.5(50)

FAB = = 106.07 N 7 50 N (N . G!)

0.7071

0.7071(50)

FAC = = 23.57 N 6 50 N (O. K!)

1.5

Thus,

Ans:

W = 55.8 N

217

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358.

required to support the traffic light, which has a mass of

15 kg. Take h = 4 m. C

6m

D

A 3m

h B

Solution 4m

3 4 4m

uAB = e i + j f

5 5 4m

3m 6m

6 3 2

uAC = e - i - j + kf x 4m 3m

7 7 7 y

4 3

uAD = e i - j f

5 5

3 6 4

Fx = 0; F - FAC + F = 0

5 AB 7 5 AD

4 3 3

Fy = 0; F - FAC - F = 0

5 AB 7 5 AD

2

Fz = 0; F - 15(9.81) = 0

7 AC

FAB = 441 N Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 441 N

FAC = 515 N

FAD = 221 N

218

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359. z

C

required to support the traffic light, which has a mass of

20 kg. Take h = 3.5 m.

6m

D

A 3m

h B

4m

Solution 4m

3i + 4 j + 0.5k 3i + 4 j + 0.5k 3m 4m 6m

uAB = =

2 2 2

23 + 4 + (0.5) 225.25 x 4m 3m y

- 6i - 3 j + 2.5k - 6i - 3 j + 2.5k

uAC = =

2( - 6)2 + ( - 3)2 + 2.52 251.25

4i - 3 j + 0.5k 4i - 3 j + 0.5k

uAD = =

242 + ( - 3)2 + 0.52 225.25

3 6 4

Fx = 0; FAB - FAC + FAD = 0

225.25 251.25 225.25

4 3 3

Fy = 0; FAB - FAC - FAD = 0

225.25 251.25 225.25

0.5 2.5 0.5

Fz = 0; FAB + FAC + FAD - 20(9.81) = 0

225.25 251.25 225.25

Solving,

FAB = 348 N Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 348 N

FAC = 413 N

FAD = 174 N

219

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*360.

Determine the force in each chain for equilibrium. Take

d = 1 ft.

B

D 135 1 ft

y

90 135

C

SOLUTION

d

-1j + 1k

FAD = FAD = - 0.7071FADj + 0.7071FADk x

2( -1)2 + 12

A

= 0.7071FACi + 0.7071FACk

1i + 1k

FAC = FAC

212 + 12

FAB = FAB

- 0.7071i + 0.7071j + 1k

2( -0.7071)2 + 0.70712 + 12

= -0.5FAB i + 0.5FAB j + 0.7071FAB k

F = {-800k} lb

Ans:

FAB = 469 lb

FAC = FAD = 331 lb

220

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361.

800 N

D 5m 3m

C

4m

2m

y

5m O 4m

Solution 4m B

4 2 4

Fx = 0; FABa b - FAC a b - FADa b = 0 (1)

157 138 166

4 3 5

Fy = 0; FABa b + FAC a b - FADa b = 0 (2)

157 138 166

5 5 5

Fz = 0; - FABa b - FAC a b - FADa b + 800 = 0 (3)

157 138 166

Solving Eqs (1), (2) and (3)

Ans:

FAC = 85.8 N

FAB = 578 N

FAD = 565 N

221

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362.

determine the greatest mass of the crate that can be

supported. C

B 3m

2m

2m

A 1m 2m 3m

O y

2m

1m

3m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

x

2 3 1

Fx = 0; FOAa b - FOC a b + FOB a b = 0 (1)

114 122 3

3 2 2

Fy = 0; - FOAa b + FOC a b + FOB a b = 0 (2)

114 122 3

1 3 2

Fz = 0; FOAa b + FOC a b - FOB a b - m(9.81) = 0 (3)

114 122 3

FOC = 16.95mFOA = 15.46mFOB = 7.745m

Since link OC subjected to the greatest force, it will reach the limiting force first, that

is FOC = 1500 N. Then

1500 = 16.95 m

Ans:

m = 88.5 kg

222

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363.

developed in each cable for equilibrium.

4m 3m

A B

C

D

x 1m

1m 1m y

2m

Solution

Equations of Equilibrium. Referring to the FBD shown in Fig. a,

2 2 2

Fx = 0; FADa b - FBD a b - FCD a b = 0 (1)

16 16 3

1 1 2

Fy = 0; - FADa b - FBD a b + FCD a b = 0 (2)

16 16 3

1 1 1

Fz = 0; FADa b + FBD a b + FCD a b - 130(9.81) = 0 (3)

16 16 3

Ans:

FAD = 1.56 kN

FBD = 521 N

FCD = 1.28 kN

223

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*364.

tension of 1300 lb, determine the tension developed in

cables AB and AC and the force developed along the A

antenna tower AE at point A.

30 ft

C 10 ft

10 ft

B E

15 ft D 15 ft

SOLUTION 12.5 ft y

x

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown in

Fig. a in Cartesian vector form as

FAB = FAB C S =

(10 - 0)i + ( - 15 - 0)j + ( -30 - 0)k 2 3 6

F i - FAB j - FAB k

2 2

2(10 - 0) + ( -15 - 0) + ( - 30 - 0) 2 7 AB 7 7

(- 15 - 0)i + ( -10 - 0)j + ( -30 - 0)k 3 2 6

2 2

2( - 15 - 0) + ( -10 - 0) + ( -30 - 0) 7 2 7 7

(0 - 0)i + (12.5 - 0)j + ( -30 - 0)k

2(0 - 0)2 + (12.5 - 0)2 + ( -30 - 0)2

FAE = FAE k

2 3 6 3 2 6

7 7 7 7 7 7

2 3 3 2 6 6

7 7 AC 7 7 7 7

2 3

FAB - FAC = 0 (1)

7 7

3 2

- FAB - FAC + 500 = 0 (2)

7 7

6 6

- FAB - FAC + FAE - 1200 = 0 (3)

7 7

FAC = 538 lb Ans.

FAE = 2354 lb = 2.35 kip Ans.

Ans:

FAB = 808 lb

FAC = 538 lb

FAE = 2.35 kip

224

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365.

exceed 1000 lb, determine the maximum tension that can

be developed in cable AD when it is tightened by the

A

turnbuckle. Also, what is the force developed along the

antenna tower at point A?

30 ft

C 10 ft

10 ft

SOLUTION B E

15 ft D 15 ft

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown in 12.5 ft y

Fig. a in Cartesian vector form as x

FAB = FAB C S =

(10 - 0)i + (- 15 - 0)j + (- 30 - 0)k 2 3 6

F i - FAB j - FAB k

2(10 - 0)2 + ( -15 - 0)2 + (- 30 - 0)2 7 AB 7 7

( - 15 - 0)i + ( -10 - 0)j + (-30 - 0)k 3 2 6

2(- 15 - 0)2 + (-10 - 0)2 + ( - 30 - 0)2 7 7 7

S =

(0 - 0)i + (12.5 - 0)j + ( -30 - 0)k 5 12

FAD = FC Fj - Fk

2(0 - 0)2 + (12.5 - 0)2 + (-30 - 0)2 13 13

FAE = FAE k

2 3 6 3 2 6 5 12

7 7 7 7 7 7 13 13

2 3 3 2 5 6 6 12

7 7 AC 7 7 13 7 7 13

2 3

F - FAC = 0 (1)

7 AB 7

3 2 5

- FAB - FAC + F = 0 (2)

7 7 13

6 6 12

- FAB - FAC - F + FAE = 0 (3)

7 7 13

FAB = 1000 lb into Eqs. (1) through (3) and solving yields

FAC = 666.67 lb

FAE = 2914 lb = 2.91 kip F = 1610 lb = 1.61 kip Ans.

Ans:

FAE = 2.91 kip

F = 1.61 kip

225

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366.

B

required for equilibrium of the 300-lb crate. C

2 ft

1 ft 1 ft

2 ft

2 ft 2 ft

y

A

3 ft

SOLUTION

D

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown in

Fig. (a) in Cartesian vector form as x

FAB = FAB C S = -

2 1 2

F i + FAB j + FAB k

2(-2 - 0)2 + (1 - 0)2 + (2 - 0)2 3 AB 3 3

FAC = FAC C S = - FAC i - FAC j + FAC k

2 2 1

2 2

2(-2 - 0) + (- 2 - 0) + (1 - 0) 3 2 3 3

FAD = FAD i

W = [- 300k] lb

2 1 2 2 2 1

a - FAB i + FAB j + FAB k b + a - FAC i - FAC j + FACkb + FAD i + ( - 300k) = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

2 2 1 2 2 1

a - FAB - FAC + FAD b i + a FAB - FAC b j + a FAB + FAC - 300b k = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

2 2

- FAB - FAC + FAD = 0 (1)

3 3

1 2

F - FAC = 0 (2)

3 AB 3

2 1

F + FAC - 300 = 0 (3)

3 AB 3

Ans:

FAB = 360 lb

FAC = 180 lb

FAD = 360 lb

226

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367.

B

tension developed in any cable does not exceed 450 lb. C

2 ft

1 ft 1 ft

2 ft

2 ft 2 ft

y

A

3 ft

SOLUTION

D

Force Vectors: We can express each of the forces on the free-body diagram shown in

Fig. (a) in Cartesian vector form as x

FAB = FAB C S = -

2 1 2

FAB i + FAB j + FAB k

2( -2 - 0)2 + (1 - 0)2 + (2 - 0)2 3 3 3

FAC = FAC C S = - FAC i - FAC j + FAC k

2 2 1

2 2

2(-2 - 0) + ( -2 - 0) + (1 - 0) 3 2 3 3

FAD = FAD i

W = -Wk

2 1 2 2 2 1

a - FAB i + FAB j + FAB k b + a - FAC i - FAC j + FAC kb + FAD i + (- Wk) = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

2 2 1 2 2 1

a - FAB - FAC + FAD bi + a FAB - FAC bj + a FAB + FAC - Wbk = 0

3 3 3 3 3 3

2 2

- FAB - FAC + FAD = 0 (1)

3 3

1 2

F - FAC = 0 (2)

3 AB 3

2 1

F + FAC - W = 0 (3)

3 AB 3

FAB = 450 lb into Eqs. (1) through (3) and solving, yields

W = 375 lb Ans.

Ans:

W = 375 lb

227

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