Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

UNIT VIII

TYPES OF PUNISHMENT FOR


CRIMES. CAPITAL
PUNISHMENT

Who PUNISHES one threat ens a hundred

1
Part I
TYPES OF PUNISHMENT FOR CRIME
Motto: Let the punishment fit the crime (Let the punishment equal the crime)
Key words:
Fine- __________________;___________________________________________________
Punishment_______________;___________________________________________________
Suspended sentence________;____________________________________________________
Convicted person__________;____________________________________________________
Offence__________________;____________________________________________________
Imprisonment_____________;___________________________________________________
Mitigation________________;___________________________________________________
Prohibited________________;___________________________________________________
Public censure_____________;___________________________________________________
Released__________________;___________________________________________________
Read the key words and give the Romanian equivalents. What is your understanding of these
words? Write a sentence with each of them.

Starting up:
1. In your opinion, what does punishment mean?
2. What kinds of punishment do you know?

Vocabulary:
A. Match the words from the box with the definitions below:
Drug smuggling shop-lifting fraud
hijacking kidnapping arson
pick pocketing mugging theft

A. They broke the window of his car and stole the radio

B. They sold paintings that they knew werent genuine masterpieces

C. They illegally carried drugs into another country

D. They held a pistol at the pilots head and he had to do what they said

E. They set fire to the hotel

F. They look some things off the shelves and left the supermarket without paying for them

G. They took away the rich mans son and asked him for a lot of money

H. They hit the man on the head, as he was walking along the street, and stole all his money
and credit cards

I. They took her purse out of her handbag, as she was standing on the crowded platform
waiting for the train.
2
B. Here is the list of punishments for crimes in the UK:
Capital punishment, life imprisonment, community service order, probation,
fine, suspended sentence, corporal punishment, imprisonment.

Put the punishments from the box in the order you think proper, starting with the least
serious and ending with the most serious. For example you may think that the least
serious punishment is probation, followed by a fine, followed by a community service
order.

DEBATE
An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth!
What is your personal understanding of the above statement? Your
arguments should begin with:
For Against
An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth! An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth!

We should admit this Biblical principle. This is a cruel pre-Christian spirit of


It is eternal!... revenge. We are civilized now- lets give
it up and be humane!...

You support your friend saying that different kinds of punishment have been
practiced since the early history of most societies. You remind the audience
that such penalties as physical mutilation, branding and torture have never
served the rehabilitation of a person. You think that the process of
rehabilitation needs rather a long period of time and special environment. So
you are sure that prisons are still necessary.

You consider the problem of punishment to be a very complicated one. You


are sure that the persons, who committed crimes that differ in their
seriousness, shouldnt be grouped together in prisons as there is a great
danger of ill influence of habitual criminal on others.

Lead-in
Write down the things you know about the history and types of punishment, and ask
questions about what you would like to find out. Then read the text to check your
information and explain the underlined words and expressions:

A) From the History of Punishment


Complete the following text with the words and expressions from the box:
________

3
felons; offender; beheading; adultery; pillory; punishment; execution; deliberately
condemned; ancient; medieval; guilty; legal; public

For the most history____________has been both painful and___________in order to act as
deterrent to others. Physical punishments and public humiliations were social events and carried out
in most accessible parts of towns, often on market days when the greater part of the population were
present. Justice had to be seen to be done.
One of the most bizarre methods of___________was inflicted in ancient Rome on people
found________of murdering their fathers. Their punishment was to be put in a sack with a rooster, a
viper, and a dog, then drowned along with the three animals.
In_________ Greece the custom of allowing a ________ man to end his own life by poison was
extended only to full citizens. The philosopher Socrates died in this way. Condemned slaves were
beaten to death instead. Stoning was the ancient method of punishment for____________among
other crimes.
In Turkey if a butcher was found guilty of selling bad meat, he was tied to a post with a piece of
stinking meat fixed under his nose, or a baker having sold short weight bread could be nailed to his
door. One of the most common punishments for petty offences was the____________, which stood
in the main square of towns. The___________was locked by hands and head into the device and
made to stand sometimes for days, while crowds jeered and pelted the offender with rotten
vegetables or worse.
In_________Europe some methods of execution were_________drawn out to inflict maximum
suffering._________were tied to a heavy wheel and roiled around the streets until they were crushed
to death. Others were strangled, very slowly. One of the most terrible punishments was hanging and
quartering. The victim was hanged, beheaded and the body cut into four pieces. It remained a
__________method of punishment in Britain until 1814.___________was normally reserved for
those of high rank. In England a block and axe was the common method but this was different from
France and Germany where the victim kneeled and the head was taken off with a swing of the
sword.

1.1._______ Comprehension questions:


1. Why did ancient punishment have to be painful?
2. What was the purpose of making punishments public?
3. What was the symbolic meaning of the punishment inflicted on the parents' murderers?
4. What punishments were most common in the East?
5. How did punishments reflect social status?

B) WHAT IS THE PUNISHMENT FOR CRIMES?


Let the punishment fit the crime is more easily said than done. Punishment is any
fine(amend), confinement in jail or prison, or other penalty provided by law and imposed by the
court. The purpose of punishment is not to remedy the wrong but rather to discipline the wrongdoer.
Punishment should deter (mpiedica) the wrongdoer and others from similar behavior in the
future. The fact that many career criminals are arrested repeatedly indicates that the penal system
is far from perfect. Criminal statutes ordinarily set maximum limits for punishment but give a judge
freedom in determining the appropriate punishment within those limits.
A court may impose and then suspend punishment, subject to the good behavior of the guilty
party, who may be placed on probation for a prescribed period of time. Probation is a type of
punishment, which allows the convicted person to avoid confinement and to remain at liberty for a

4
prescribed time under the supervision of a probation officer. Sometimes a fine is also imposed, or
restitution (returning what was stolen) is required. Specific conditions are usually attached to the
probation. These conditions may include keeping a job, avoiding certain companions and meeting
places, and not leaving the area. A defendant who violates the probation terms may have the
probation and suspended sentence revoked at a court hearing and then be sent to jail or prison.
Sometimes a convict(condamnat) serving in prison may be released early on parole(cuvnt de
onoare) because of good behavior and evidence of rehabilitation. The decision is made by a parole
board(comitet de onoare) and may be revoked if specified conditions are violated. These conditions
generally include periodically reporting to a parole officer and avoiding any criminal activity.
Pardon(graiere), by the governor or president, releases the convict from the entire punishment,
including future disabilities such as the ban on holding public office.
Criminal punishment of persons who have committed crimes is one or the forms of state
fight against crime. Any criminal punishment is always a restriction of the rights of convicted
persons. This restriction is a sort of retribution(pedeaps) for the crime a person committed. If a
person is convicted, the court decides on the most appropriate sentence. The facts of the offence, the
circumstances of the offender, his/her previous convictions are taken into account. The more serious
an offence is, the stricter a penalty should be.
But in any case, the responsibility of the court is to impose an exact and just punishment
relevant to the gravity of a crime. The more just the punishment is, the greater is the possibility of a
person's reformation. The defence lawyer may make a speech in mitigation(atenuare) on behalf(n
favoarea) of the offender.

The electric chair Noose


(for death penalty)

There are the following basic penalties: deprivation of liberty imprisonment for a certain
period of time or life imprisonment, exile, fines.. Capital punishment is usually used only as an
exceptional measure when an especially grave crime was committed. The list of such crimes is not
long and it is strictly determined by law. There are quite a lot of countries where death penalty is
prohibited.
Crime and punishment are, respectively, the intentional commission of an act usually deemed
socially as harmful or dangerous and specifically defined, prohibited, and punishable under the
criminal law; and the infliction of some kind of pain or loss upon a person found guilty of
committing such a misdeed.
Most countries have enacted(adoptat) a criminal code in which all of the criminal law can be
found, although English law-the source of many other criminal law systems-remains uncodified. The
definitions of particular crimes contained in a code must be interpreted in the light of many
principles, some of which are not expressed in the code itself. The most important of these are
related to the mental state of the accused person at the time of the act that is alleged(pretins) to
constitute a crime. Crimes are classified by most legal systems for purposes such as determining
which court has authority to deal with the case. Social changes often result in the adoption of new
criminal laws and the obsolescence(uzur, desuetudine) of older ones.

5
The purpose of punishing offenders has been debated for centuries. A variety of often
conflicting theories are held, and in practice each is followed to some extent. Prison is not the most
common penalty for crime-punishment may take other forms varying from capital punishment,
flogging(btaie), and mutilation of the body, fines, and even deferred sentences(sentine amnate)
that come into operation only if an offense is repeated within a specified time. Juveniles(minori) are
usually dealt with by courts set aside exclusively for the prosecution of young offenders.
The prison systems of most countries are subject to many problems, especially
overcrowding, but the recognition by some legal systems that prisoners have rights that the courts
can enforce has led to some improvements. The death penalty is now rare in Western countries,
although it has been reinstated in some parts of the United States after a period of disuse.

GOOD TO KNOW
There were many methods of punishment which were practised during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages: the compression of the
limbs by special instruments, or by ropes, injection of water, vinegar, or oil, into the body of the accused, application of hot pitch, and
starvation.

1.2. Answer the questions:


1. What is the purpose of punishment?
2. What kinds of punishment can be applied?
3. What is probation?
4. What are the conditions of probation?
5. What is a release on parole?
6. What is pardon and who can pardon the convict?

1.3. Ask questions according to the answers given below:


1. No, a criminal punishment is not only a retribution for the offence committed but also a form of
prevention of crimes.
2. No, capital punishment is not yet prohibited in the Republic of Moldova.
3. A form of criminal punishment depends on the gravity of the crime committed and the personality
of a criminal.
1.4. Test your criminal slang
HOW GOOD ARE you at detective work? Below there are four conversations. The conversation
includes 14 slang words. The definitions of the words are in the box below. Read the conversations,
and use the context to match the words to the definitions.
Conversation 1
Have you heard about Henry?
No. What?
He's been nicked.
You're joking. What happened?
He was blagging a bank with his brother and somebody grassed on them.
Who's the nark?
Who knows? Henry's got a lot of enemies.
Conversation 2
What did he get?
Eight years.
Eight years inside! I thought you said he had a good brief.
Well, he thought he did.
Where's he going to do it?
6
Isle of Wight.
Oh no. The screws in there are the worst in the world.

Conversation 3
So, what have you got for me?
Rolex watches. Two hundred of them.
Are they hot?
What do you think? Would I come to a fence like you with them if they weren't?
Leave them with me tonight and I'll give you a price for them in the morning.
Leave it out. Do I look like a mug?
Sorry?
I'm surprised at you, trying a scam like that. I wasn't born yesterday. I want a price now.

Conversation 4
At one time I had 50 people selling heroin in clubs around the city.
Really? Didn't you have any problem with the law?
No, they were all bent in those days. A bit of cash every month and they were happy.
So why did you open the supermarkets?
Originally it was a way to launder the drugs money. In the end it became more interesting to be
legitimate.

Definitions.

1 a buyer of
stolen
property

2 a lawyer
3 a person who
is easily
deceived
4 a prison guard
5 a trick
6 an informer
7 corrupt

8 in prison
9 stolen
10 the police
11 to arrest

12 to hold up, to
rob using
weapons
13 to inform
the police

7
14 to transfer
illegally gained
money to a
normal bank
account

1.5. Check your knowledge of punishment and penalty vocabulary with this quiz.

1. Punish is the verb and punishment is the noun, but what is the adjective form of the
word? What are the verb and adjective forms of the noun penalty?

a.) Punished. b.) to penalize, penalized

2. Choose the most appropriate word in bold in this sentence:


The court ordered the defendant to pay purgative / punishing / punitive / pugnacious
damages to the claimant for the emotional distress he had caused.

3. Rearrange the letters in bold to make words:


After the jury returned a guilty verdict on the defendant, the judge pronounced sentence
on him.

4. What do we call a punishment which is considered to be strong enough to stop someone


from committing a crime? Is it:
(a) a detergent (b) a deterrent (c) a detriment (d) a determinant

5. Some countries still have corporal punishment and some still have capital punishment.
What happens to the people who receive these punishments?

Corporal punishment is a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.

Capital punishment is a government sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to


death by the state as a punishment for a crime.

6. Rearrange the letters in bold to make words. The first and last letters of each word are in
the correct place:
If a defendant is found guilty of an offence in a court of law, he is convicted. If he is found
not guilty, he is acquitted.
8
9. What's the difference between a custodial sentence, a suspended sentence and probation?

A custodial sentence is a judicial sentence, imposing a punishment (and hence the resulting
punishment itself) consisting of mandatory custody of the convict, either in prison or in some
other closed therapeutic or educational institution, such as a reformatory, (maximum
security) psychiatry or drug detoxification

A suspended sentence is a legal term for a judge's delaying of a defendant's serving of a


sentence after they have been found guilty, in order to allow the defendant to perform a
period of probation. If the defendant does not break the law during that period, and fulfills
the particular conditions of the probation, the judge usually dismisses the sentence

Probation - the action of suspending the sentence of a convicted offender and giving the
offender freedom during good behavior under the supervision of a probation officer

10. A young man gets drunk and starts a fight in a bar, and as a result receives a banning order
from a magistrate. What is he not allowed to do?

11. What kind of person would be sent to a remand centre?

Remand center is an institution to which accused persons are sent for detention while awaiting

appearance before a court.

12. What is the maximum penalty allowed for crime in the United Kingdom?

13. Prison is a noun. What is the verb form of this word?

To imprison

14. A judge sends someone to prison for a period of 5 years, and tells him / her that by law
they cannot be released earlier. True or false: this is called a determinate sentence.

18. True or false: If someone receives a community service order, they have to go to prison.

19. Choose the correct word in bold in this sentence:

9
An injection / injunction / injury / injustice is a court order telling someone to stop
doing something, or not to do something.

21. What do we call money that is paid from one party to another to cover the cost of damage,
loss, injury or hardship? (Clue: it begins with c and ends with n) - compensation

1.6. Imagine that you are a member of the parole board. The prison is overcrowded and you
should release two of the convicts. Justify your choice.
Alan Jones: Guilty of murdering his wife by slowly poisoning her. Described by neighbours
as a kind and gentle person. His children love him. His wife had lots of affairs and pushed him to the
limit.
Janet Green: Found guilty of shoplifting for the tenth time. She is a homeless tramp who
likes to spend the winter in prison. It is early December and the weather is very cold.
Miranda Morgan: A drug addict guilty of selling heroin to teenagers. Has already tried two
unsuccessful drug treatment programmes. Has a two year old child who will have to go into care if
she goes to jail.
Mick Brown: Guilty of vandalism and football hooliganism.19 years old and below average
intelligence. Aggressive and gets violent when drunk. One previous offence for drunken and driving.
Cynthia Carter: English teacher guilty of smuggling her two cats into England. This is
against quarantine regulations. The customs officers would like an example to be made of her.

Case study
Law life situation and its solving:
BOY'S BODY FOUND IN CANAL
The body of a teenage rugby player has been recovered from a canal less than a
mile from his home. Police divers had been searching the canal on the outskirts of
Exeter, Devon. They found the body close to the Paddington-Penzance railway line.
Detectives believe that the victim, George Mortimer, was murdered. He had told a
schoolfriend that he had arranged to meet two men. George, 16, had left home with
an overnight bag and his parents were not surprised when he did not return home
that night. Two men, who were arrested more than 200 miles away, near
Manchester, were being questioned. George, who captained Exeter rugby club
youth team, wanted to pursue a sporting career.
1. Was justice done?
2. If you were the judge, what other facts and circumstances would you like to know?
3. Would you choose a lighter sentence, or a more severe one?
4. If you were a judge what sentence would you give to such kind of offender?
5. How would you have felt if you had been the victim of the crime?
6. How would you have felt if you had been the defendant?

Part II
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
C) CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: HISTORY
TASK 1- Match the following headings with the sections of the text below:
Effectiveness______
History______
10
Moral aspect______

(1) Capital punishment is a legal infliction of the death penalty, in modern law, corporal punishment
in its most severe form. The usual alternative to the death penalty is long-term or life imprisonment.
The earliest historical records contain evidence of capital punishment. It was mentioned in the Code
of Hammurabi. The Bible prescribed death as the penalty for more than 30 different crimes, ranging
from murder to fornication The Draconian Code of ancient Greece imposed capital punishment for
every offence.
In England, during the reign of William the Conqueror, the death penalty was not used, although the
results of interrogation and torture were often fatal. By the end of the 15th century, English law
recognised six major crimes: treason, murder, larceny, burglary, rape, and arson. By 1800, more than
200 capital crimes were recognised, and as a result, 1000 or more persons were sentenced to death
each year (although most sentences were commuted by royal pardon). In early American colonies
the death penalty was commonly authorized for a wide variety of crimes, blacks, whether slave or
free, were threatened with death for many crimes that were punished less severely when committed
by whites.
Efforts to abolish the death penalty did not gather momentum until the end of the 18th century. In
Europe, a short treatise, On Crimes and Punishments, by the Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria, inspired
influential thinkers such as the French philosopher Voltaire to oppose torture, flogging, and the death
penalty.
The abolition of capital punishment in England in November 1965 was welcomed by most people
with humane and progressive ideas. To them it seemed a departure from feudalism, from the cruel
pre-Christian spirit of revenge: an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. Many of these people think
differently now. Since the abolition of capital punishment, crime and especially murder has
been on increase throughout Britain Today, therefore, public opinion in Britain has changed people
who before, also in Parliament, stated that capital punishment was not a deterrent to murder for
there have always been murders in all countries with or without the law of execution now feel
that killing the assassin is the lesser of two evils. Capital punishment, they think, may not be the
ideal answer, but it is better than nothing, especially when, as in England, a sentence of life
imprisonment only lasts eight or nine years.
(2) The fundamental questions raised by the death penalty are whether it is an effective deterrent to
violent crime, and whether it is more effective than the alternative of long-term imprisonment.
DEFENDERS of the death penalty insist that because taking an offender's life is a more severe
punishment than any prison term, it must be the better deterrent. SUPPORTERS also argue that no
adequate deterrent in life imprisonment is effective for those already serving a life term who commit
murder while being in prison, and for revolutionaries, terrorists, traitors, and spies.
In the U.S. those who argue against the death penalty as a deterrent to crime cite the following: (1)
Adjacent states, in which one has a death penalty and the other does not, show no significant
differences in the murder rate; (2) states that use the death penalty seem to have a higher number of
homicides than states that do not , use it; (3) states that abolish and then reintroduce the death
penalty do not seem to show any significant change in the murder rate; (4) no change in the rate of
homicides in a given city or state seems to occur following an expository execution.
In the early 1970s, some published reports showed that each execution in the U.S. deterred eight or
more homicides, but subsequent research has discredited this finding. The current prevailing view
among criminologists is that no conclusive evidence exists to show that the death penalty is a more
effective deterrent to violent crime than long-term imprisonment.
(3) The classic moral arguments in favor of the death penalty have been biblical and call for
retribution. "Whosoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed" has usually been
interpreted as a divine warrant for putting the murderer to death. "Let the punishment fit the crime"
is its secular counterpart; both statements imply that the murderer deserves to die. DEFENDERS of

11
capital punishment have also claimed that society has the right to kill in defence of its members, just
as the individual may kill in self- defence, The analogy to self-defence, however, is somewhat
doubtful, as long as the effectiveness of the death penalty as a deterrent to violent crimes has not
been proved.
The chief objection to capital punishment has been that it is always used unfairly, in at least three
major ways. First, women are rarely sentenced to death and executed, even though 20 per cent of all
homicides in recent years have been committed by women. Second, a disproportionate number of
non-whites are sentenced to death and executed. Third, poor and friendless defendants, those with
inexperienced or court-appointed attorney, are most likely to be sentenced to death and executed.
DEFENDERS of the death penalty, however, have insisted that, because none of the laws of capital
punishment causes sexist, racist, or class bias in its use, these kinds of discrimination are not a
sufficient reason for abolishing the death penalty. OPPONENTS have replied that the death penalty
can be the result of a mistake in practice and that it is impossible to administer fairly.

1.7. Answer the following questions:


1. Why was capital punishment imposed so frequently in ancient societies?
2. Why were blacks punished more severely than whites in early American colonies?
3. When did European thinkers begin considering the alternatives to death penalty?
4. How have the attitudes towards capital punishment changed in Britain since the abolition of
death penalty in 1965?
5. Is imprisonment effective for revolutionaries and terrorists? Why?
6. How have Americans treated the problem of death penalty?
7. What factors may hamper fair administration of justice in capital cases?

D) CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: FOR AND AGAINST


Perhaps all criminals should be required to carry cards which read: Fragile: Handle with

care . It will never do, these days, to go around referring to criminals as violent thugs. You must
refer to them politely as social misfits. The professional killer who wouldn't think twice about
using his cosh or crowbar to batter some harmless old lady to death in order to rob her of her meagre
life-savings must never be given a dose of his own medicine. He is in need of hospital treatment.
According to his misguided defenders, society is to blame. A wicked society breeds evil- or so the
argument goes. When you listen to this kind of talk, it makes you wonder why we aren't all
criminals. We have done away with the absurdly harsh laws of the nineteenth century and this is
only right. But surely enough is enough. The most senseless piece of criminal legislation in Britain
and a number of other countries has been the suspension of capital punishment.
The violent criminal has become a kind of hero-figure in our time. He is glorified on the
screen; he is pursued by the press and paid vast sums of money for his memoirs. Newspapers
which specialise in rime-reporting enjoy enormous circulations and the publishers of trashy cops
and robbers stories or murder mysteries have never had it so good. When you read about the
achievements of the great train robbers, it makes you wonder whether you are reading about some
glorious resistance movement. The hardened criminal is cuddled and cosseted by the sociologists on
the one hand and adored as a hero by the masses on the other. It's no wonder he is a privileged
person who expects and receives VIP treatment wherever he goes.

12
First person executed Example of gas chamber
in the electric chair (Kemmler, New York)

Capital punishment used to be a major deterrent. It made the violent robber think
twice before pulling the trigger. It gave the cold-blooded poisoner something to ponder about while
he was shaking up or serving his arsenic cocktail. It prevented unarmed policemen from being
mowed down while pursuing their duty by killers armed with automatic weapons. Above all, it
protected the most vulnerable members of society, young children, from brutal sex-maniacs. It is
horrifying to think that the criminal can literally get away with murder. We all know that life
sentence does not mean what it says. After ten years or so of good conduct, the most desperate
villain is free to return to society where he will live very comfortably, thank you, on the proceeds of
his crime, or he will go on committing offences until he is caught again. People are always willing to
hold liberal views at the expense of others. It's always fashionable to pose as the defender of the
under-dog, so long as you, personally, remain unaffected. Did the defenders of crime, one wonders,
in their desire for fair-play, consult the victims before they suspended capital punishment? Hardly.
You see, they couldn't, because all the victims were dead.

WRITING: Write a composition in which you will plead for or against death penalty.

1.8. Give Romanian equivalents for the following general types of punishment. Put them in
descending order of severity.
Capital punishment
Community service
Disciplinary training in a detention centre
Fixed penalty fine
Life imprisonment
Probation
Short-term imprisonment
Suspended sentence
Long-term imprisonment

1.9. Give your counterarguments for the general ideas of the capital punishment opponents:
1. We shouldn't be blinded by emotional arguments: glorification of criminal on screen, etc.,
irrelevant.
2. What are the facts? In Britain capital crime has not increased since suspension of capital
punishment.
3. This has been proved many times in the past: relaxation of harsh laws has never led to increase in
crime.
4. Therefore the deterrent argument is absurd: capital punishment has never protected anyone
5. Those in favour of capital punishment are motivated only by desire for revenge and retaliation.

13
6. There has been a marked trend in society towards the humane treatment of less fortunate
members.
7. Compare the treatment of the insane in the past with today.
8. Hanging, electric chairs, garroting, etc., are barbaric practices, unworthy of human beings.
9. Suspension of capital punishment is enlightened and civilised.
10. Capital punishment creates, it does not solve, problems.
11. Solution lies elsewhere: society is to blame.
12. Overcrowding, slums, poverty, broken homes: these are the factors that lead to crime.
13. Crime can only be drastically reduced by the elimination of social injustices not by creating
so-called deterrent' when the real problems remain unsolved.

1.10. Look at the picture of an American courtroom. Match the numbers in the picture with
the words below. Role-play a situation in the courtroom.

jury witness stand


court reporter prosecuting attorney
judge bailiff
defendant jury box
defence attorney judge's bench
witness courtroom

14

ROLE-PLAY
A. The Lure of Shop-lifting
Act as a Police Officer who stops, searches, questions the offender and prepares a record of
the case for the magistrate's court.
Act as a Detained Person who is being questioned in police custody.

B. Detention of a suspect in the robbery.


Situation: By the operations report the police detained a person in the evening. He was found
on the bank's roof near a vent-pipe. He was supposed to be waiting for his
accessory/accomplice who had to break into a safe in the bank's store-house and then to get
out onto the roof through the vent-pipe. The accomplice of the robbery, who had got into the
bank, managed to disappear through another exit. The police group pursues him/gives chase
after him.
Play participants: John Winstain, police sergeant
Caroline Drag, policewoman
Mr Steven Crone, detainee
Taking part in the role play as participants, express your opinion and discuss possible
actions, in particular:
a) Policeman John Winstain declares to the man that:
-he is detained and is considered/not considered under arrest yet...
-he (John Winstain) demands the documents identifying the detainee to be produced...
-he thinks/does not think immediate questioning is necessary...
-he thinks the detainee is to be under a severe system of discipline after the search and he can
see the reason for it...
b) Policewoman Caroline Drag reminds the detainee of his rights, she wants to find out
immediately the reason for his staying on the bank's roof at such a late hour and warns him
of the senselessness of denial and intricating the police.
c) The detainee names himself Steven Crone, but he cannot produce documents to identify
him, however. He proposes his own version: he found himself on the roof by chance because
he wanted to take some photos of the city at night, but he had left the camera behind... He
does not answer any further questions of the policemen and declares he will explain
everything to the police-officer at the police station. Besides, he objects putting handcuffs on
him

CREATIVE WRITING:
Use the information and the vocabulary from the Unit to argue the statement below and try to
create your own similar saying which will have the same meaning as this one:
There is no room for capital punishment in a civilised society.

DISCUSSION :
A. Using t h e information and facts from the Unit discuss the following:
The emotional problems of convicts should be given special consideration
Family and social control are the most effective means of crime prevention
Supporters of capital punishment bear a special responsibility to ensure the fairness of this
irreversible punishment. (Everyone deserves a second chance.)

B. What types of crime should capital punishment be applied for? Justify your answer.

Time for fun



Murder is always a mistake One should never do anything that one cannot talk about after
dinner.

A man sentenced to death was being taken to the execution place in very nasty
weather.
"What lousy weather", he remarked.
"You are not the one to grumble", commented one of the escort "We've got yet to go
back.

A beautiful blonde walked into a Chicago police station and gave the desk sergeant a detailed
description of a man who had dragged her by the hair down three flights of stairs, threatened
to choke her to death and finally beat her up.
"With this description we'll have him arrested in no time/I said the desk sergeant.
"But I don't want him arrested", the young woman protested. "Just find him for me. He
promised to marry me.

Final Vocabulary Record Sheet


WORD T NOTES
R Definition, example...
A
N
S
L
.