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Hunter Green

Mrs.Records

Cuban Missile Crisis

05 May 2018

U.S Involvement in the Cuban Missile Crisis

The cuban missile crisis was one of the events leading up to the end of

the cold war. Fidel Castro refused to adhere to u.s interests and was therefore

embargoed leading him to seek help from the soviet union.The United states,

in their attempt to contain communism, neglected Castro, leading him to

seek help from the soviet union, failing at their to contain communism and

instead created it.

The events leading up to the cuban missile crisis were Aid from the Soviet

Union, and Castro's refusal of U.S dominance. When Fidel Castros revolutionary

July 26 Movement assumed power in Cuba in 1959, it marked the end of U.S.

political and economic dominance over the island. (Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.) His
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revolution proved that cuba was an independent country no longer in need of the

american government. Castro, however, refused to adhere to U.S. interests, and

as a result, the United States attempted to overthrow Castros government through

the use of covert military operations and an economic blockade. (Tuttle and

Ubriaco, Jr.) Because of this economic blockade cuba was no longer to able to

receive any imports from neighboring countries. Castro turned toward the Soviet

Union for support. He declared himself a Marxist-Leninist in 1961, and, afterward,

Soviet influence substantially increased. By 1962, the Soviet Union had stationed

several military advisers in Cuba (Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.) Castro seeking aid

from a communist country greatly angered the united states.

The main points of this event were the construction of missile bases on cuba,

the failed bay of pigs invasion, and a U.S spy plane being shot down over cuba. In

October, 1962, Senator Kenneth B. Keating of New York startled the United States

by alleging that offensive missile bases were under construction in Cuba. (Tuttle

and Ubriaco, Jr.) The creation of military bases on cuba was a definite show of

soviet support on the island. In April, more than fourteen hundred commandos

landed at the Bay of Pigs. U.S. experts believed that the people would rise up and

revolt against Castro during this assault, but Castro easily quashed this rebellion.

(Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.) The failure of the bay of pigs invasion proved that an
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invasion of cuba was not a possibility. U-2 was shot down over Cuba, and as a

result, most members of Ex Comm believed that a nuclear exchange was

imminent. (Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.) The United States U-2 was almost certain to

provoke a nuclear launch as a retaliation.

Actions taken to prevent missile strikes were an economic blockade,

recommended air strikes, and to overthrow castro's regime. Castro, however,

refused to adhere to U.S. interests, and as a result, the United States attempted to

overthrow Castros government through the use of covert military operations and

an economic blockade. (Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.) However these covert military

operations failed repeatedly, and the economic blockade drove Castro to seek aid

from the soviet union. General Maxwell Taylor of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

recommended an immediate air strike (Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.) These airstrikes

never happened due to the nuclear bases on the island. The president then outlined

the initial steps the United States would take to deal with the situation: a quarantine

on offensive military equipment being shipped to Cuba; an assertion that any

missile launched from Cuba would be regarded as an attack by the Soviet Union,

requiring a total retaliatory response by the United States (Tuttle and Ubriaco, Jr.)

This then led to a short stalemate while negotiations between the U.S and the

soviet union began.


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The Cuban Missile Crisis was definitely a noteworthy event because of the

many U.S failure that occurred in an attempt to contain the nuclear threeat on the

island.
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Works Cited

Tuttle, William M., and Robert D. Ubriaco, Jr. Cuban Missile Crisis. Salem Press Encyclopedia,

Salem Press, 2017. EBSCOhost, http://web.a.ebscohost.com/src_ic/detail/detail?

sid=e0f50233-60ba-4bbc-91f9-1fb5ad65e5ad

%40sessionmgr4008&vid=2&hid=4206&bdata=#AN=89314273&db=t6o. Accessed 7

Apr. 2017.