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BasisandPointofResistanceWelding(2)

Knowledgeofresistance
welding

BasisandPointofResistance
.Correctchoiceoftheelectrodeofthespotwelding
Welding(1) Theidealelectrodematerialisahighstrengthmaterialwhichwibeabletobeendureda
highstrengthmaterialhavinghighhardnessandenduranceagainstthedeformation
BasisandPointofResistance pressureunderhightemperaturesecuringthehighthermalconductivityandelectric
Welding(2) conductivity.However,itmeanstoseekthematerialofconictingqualityphysicallyandit
isnotexistthematerialprovidedwithbothfunctions.Accordingly,itisrealitytousethem
BasisandPointofArc
correspondingtothepurpose.Inthecaseofthegalvanizedsteelsheetweldingwhichwill
Welding
becomehigherthetemperatureoftipportionelectrode,theselectionoftheelectrode
emphasizedthethermalconductivity.Incaseofhightensionsteelsheetandstainlesssteel
sheetemphasizedthepressurecondition,thehardnessoftheroomtemperature.

Thepayattentiontothetipshapeoftheelectrodeisnotonlythenuggetformation.Itis
importantexaminationitemsoftheelectrodeaboutthenecessitythermalcapacitywhichis
hardtodeformwhentheheatisecientlytransmittedandthevolumeofselfadjustment
operationofthedierencefromexpulsionlimitcurrent.Itmeansthattheselfadjustment
operationisthepreventionoftheoccurenceofweldingexpulsion,whenthecurrentpathis

expandedbitingofthetipportionoftheelectrodetotheplate.Theelectrodeoftheradius
shapeofthesphericalsurfaceofthelargecurvatureradiushaslargeactionandthe
expulsionlimitcurrentisincreasedlargelyduetoincreaseofpressurizingforce.

Theelectrodeofradiusshapeoftipportionisconsideredtobeunsuitableforthespot
weldingofthegalvanizedsteelsheetwhichisnarrowweldingconditionrangeduetothe
reasonoflargevariationwidthofthecurrentpath.However,theincreaseofbitingamount
ofthetipportionoftheelectrodeisoccurredbythesof tenedplatesurfaceofthe
temperatureriseofthefusionzone.Therefore,itwillbeconsideredaspreferablechangefro
thepreventionofunevenheatingofthefusionzone.Infact,theDR(domeradius)
electrodewhichissuperiortothenuggetformationhavingaboutR40radiusshapeoftip
portionftheelectrode.Asitselectrodehaslargethermalcapacityandhasexcellent
electrodeshapingbythetipdresser,itisrecognizedasmainelectrodeofalmostofall
bodyfactoryofautomotivemakers.

Duetowantofpagespace,wetakelibertytoomitthewearformoftheelectrodeorthe
approachtothecoolingsystem.Asaspecializedmakeroftheelectrodeforthewelding,
wearetryingtoresponsetoourcustomer squestionorrequirementsthroughevery
opportunity.

(41)Functionofthespotweldingelectrodeanddesiredquality

(42)Shapeandmaterialforelectrodeusingspotwelding

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5/21/2017 BasisandPointofResistanceWelding(2)|ShinkokikiCo.,Ltd

(43)Dierenceofexpulsionofdemarcationcurrentcausedbyself
adustmentofelectrode

(Fig10)Inuencebyvariationoftheelectrodetipedshapeonmarginalcoditionforex
pulsion

Rtypeelectrodehavigselfadjustmentfacilitywillextendcontactingdiameterlargerbyi
nuenceofincreaseofpressureetcandincreaseexplosionandashofdemarcationcurr
ent.

.Thedeterminemethodofthespotweldingcondition
(51)Studyonweldingconditionrelatedwiththermalquality

Inthethinplateregionwhichthenu
ggetformationiscompletedwithinsho
rttime,theunevenelementisbecome
largefactor.Itissaidthatitisbettert
ogiveprioritytothestabilityofweldin
gnugget,applyingthestationaryweld
ingportionformingmethodwhichisd
esignedtonishtheweldingworkatt
hetimeofthermalequilibriumofnon
temperaturechange.

Theoretically,thethickplatezoneis
neededextremelylongertimeuntilthe
rmalequilibriumisxed.
(Fig11)Dierentnuggetformationmethodam
Thelongertimeoftacttimeisprotect
ongthermalquality
edapplyingthenonstationarywelding
portionformingmethodwhichisnish
edtheweldingworkduringintheproc
essoftemperaturerise.

(52)Listofsoftsteelsheetspotweldigcondition

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5/21/2017 BasisandPointofResistanceWelding(2)|ShinkokikiCo.,Ltd

The3classofA,B,Cisnotshowntherankofweldingstrengt

h,buttherankofunevendistributionrate(uneven)oftheweldi
ngstrength.SinceAclassofhighpressurestrength,shorttim
e,largecurrentconditioniseasytogainequalcontactmeltingp
ointdistributionabsorbedtheinuenceofpressprecision,theeve
nnuggetformationwillbesmallnally.Therefore,ithassuperiori
tyintherankofunevendistributioncomparedtoB,Cclass.

(53)Theweldingconditionledtothecombinationofsheetthickness

andelectrodeshape

(Fig12)Thecombinationofsheetthicknessandelectrodeshape

Whenthethinsheetandthethickplatearespotweldeditisbettertosetuptheweldig
conditionbaseonthecriterionofthesmallerthermalvolume.However,theinuenceof
thethermalvolumeofelectrodeisbiggerthanthesteelsheet,itissetupthewelding
conditionasabaseofthethickplatecontacttothesideofsmallthermalvolumeconvex
shapeelectrode.

AppendixWordandtermsonspotweldingparts

(Fig13)Crosssectionatspotweldingpar
ts

BasisandPointofArcWelding

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