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Torts and Damages

ATENEO DE DAVAO UNIVERSITY


COLLEGE OF LAW

Dean Jess Zachael B. Espejo, LL.M.


Second Semester SY 2016-2017

PER TOPIC SYLLABUS


(1) Vicarious Liability in General
(2) Parental and Pseudo-Parental Vicarious Liability
(3) Other Vicarious Liability
(4) Medical Malpractice

I. VICARIOUS LIABILITY IN GENERAL

Cases:

1. TAMARGO vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 85044 June 3, 1992

2. MUAJE-TUAZON, ET AL. vs. WENPHIL CORPORATION, ET AL.


G.R. No. 162447, December 27, 2006

3. AMADORA vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. L-47745, April 15, 1988

4. TIU vs. ARRIESGADO, ET AL.


G.R. No. 138060, September 1, 2004

5. CANGCO vs. MANILA RAILROAD CO.


G.R. No. L-12191, October 14, 1918

6. FILIPINAS SYNTHETIC FIBER CORPORATION vs. DE LOS SANTOS


G.R. No. 152033, March 16, 2011

7. RCJ BUS LINES vs. STANDARD INSURANCE COMPANY


G.R. No. 193629, August 17, 2011

8. LOADMASTERS vs. GLODEL BROKERAGE


G.R. No. 179446, January 10, 2011

9. HEIRS OF REINOSO vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 116121, July 18, 2011

10. PHILTRANCO vs. PARAS


G.R. No. 161909, April 25, 2012

11. AQUINAS SCHOOL vs. SPOUSES INTON


G.R. No. 184202, January 26, 2011

12. SERRA vs. MUMAR


G.R. No. 193861, March 14, 2012

13. ORIX vs. MANGALINAO


G.R. No. 174089, January 25, 2012

Topical Syllabi Vicarious Liability/Medical Malpractice


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14. FILCAR TRANSPORT SERVICES vs. ESPINAS
G.R. No. 174156, June 20, 2012

15. DEL CARMEN, JR. vs. BACOY


G.R. No. 173870, April 25, 2012

16. VALLACAR TRANSIT, INC. vs. CATUBIG


G.R. No. 175512, May 30, 2011

II. PARENTAL AND PSEUDO-PARENTAL VICARIOUS LIABILITY

Guide Questions:

1. Under what instances are parents liable for the torts committed by their
children?
2. What are bases and/or rationale for vicarious parental liability?
3. Who would be ultimately liable the father, the mother or both?
4. What are the legal consequences of adoption in relation to Article 2180?
5. Who are persons who exercise substitute parental authority? What is the
extent of their liability for torts committed by the persons they exercise
authority over?
6. What type of schools can be held vicariously liable under Article 2180?

Readings:

Article 58, Child and Youth Welfare Code


Section 33, Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with the Law, A.M. NO. 02-1-18-SC,
February 28, 2002
Articles 211, 218, 219, 221, 236, Family Code
Article 101, Revised Penal Code

Cases:

17. FUELLAS vs. CADANO, ET AL.


G.R. No. L-14409, October 31, 1961

18. LIBI vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT


G.R. No. 70890, September 18, 1992

19. TAMARGO vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 85044 June 3, 1992

20. SALEN vs. BALCE


G.R. No. L-14414, April 27, 1960

21. MERCADO vs. COURT OF APPEALS


108 Phil, 414

22. PALISOC vs. BRILLANTES


G.R. No. L-29025, October 4, 1971

23. AMADORA vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. L-47745, April 15, 1988

24. SALVOSA vs. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT


G.R. No. 70458, October 5, 1988

25. ST. FRANCIS HIGH SCHOOL vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 82465, February 25, 1991

Topical Syllabi Vicarious Liability/Medical Malpractice


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26. PSBA vs. COURT OF APPEALS
G.R. No. 84698, February 4, 1992
III. OTHER VICARIOUS LIABILITY

Guide Questions:

1. What is meant by the phrase owners and managers in Article 2180?


2. What must be proven before liability can attach to the employer for the acts
of his employee?
3. What is the legal significance of the rulings of the Supreme Court in the two
Ramos cases?
4. What possible defense can a person vicariously liable put up to escape
liability?
5. Under what conditions can the State be held liable for the torts of its agents?

Cases:

27. CARAVAN TRAVEL vs. ABEJAR


G.R. No. 170631, February 10, 2016

28. MMTC vs. CUEVAS


G.R. No. 167797, June 15, 2015

29. PHILIPPINE RABBIT BUS LINES vs. PHIL-AMERICAN FORWARDERS


G.R. No. L-25142, March 25, 1975

30. SPOUSES JAYME vs. APOSTOL


G.R. No. 163609, November 27, 2008

31. RAMOS vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 124354, December 29, 1999
G.R. No. 124354, April 11, 2002 (Motion for Reconsideration)

32. PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, INC. vs. N. & E. AGANA


G.R. No. 126297, January 31, 2007

33. TRAVEL & TOURS ADVISERS, INCORPORATED vs CRUZ, ET AL.


G.R. No. 199282, March 14, 2016

34. ROQUE, JR. vs. JAIME T. TORRES, ET AL.


G.R. No. 157632, December 6, 2006

35. UNIVERSAL AQUARIUS vs. Q.C. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT


G.R. No. 155990, September 12, 2007

36. FILAMER CHRISTIAN INSTITUTE vs. IAC


G.R. No. 75112, August 17, 1992

37. BAHIA vs. LITONJUA


30 Phil. 624

38. VALENZUELA vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 115024, February 7, 1996

39. CARIAGA, ET AL. vs. LAGUNA TAYABAS BUS COMPANY


G.R. No. L-11037, December 29, 1960

40. LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT AUTHORITY vs. NAVIDAD, ET AL.


G.R. No. 145804, February 6, 2003

41. CASTILEX INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION vs. VASQUEZ, JR.

Topical Syllabi Vicarious Liability/Medical Malpractice


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G.R. No. 132266, December 21, 1999

42. E. MERRITT vs. GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS


G.R. No. L-11154, March 21, 1916

43. YHT REALTY CORPORATION vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 126780, February 17, 2005

44. PHILTRANCO SERVICE ENTERPRISES, INC vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 120553, June 17, 1997

45. WORCESTER vs. OCAMPO, ET AL.


G.R. No. L-5932, February 27, 1912

IV. MEDICAL MALPRACTICE

Readings:

Rule 130, Section 24 of the Rules of Court


Section 24, Republic Act No. 2382
Sections 3 and 33, Republic Act No. 8504

Cases:

46. CASUMPANG vs. CORTEJO


G.R. No. 171127, March 11, 2015

47. GARCIA-RUEDA vs. PASCASIO


G.R. No. 118141, September 5, 1997

48. SPOUSES FLORES vs. SPOUSES PINEDA


G.R. No. 158996, November 14, 2008

49. CRUZ vs. COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 122445 November 18, 1997

50. LUCAS vs. TUAO


G.R. No. 178763, April 21, 2009

51. RAMOS versus COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 124354 December 29, 1999

52. RAMOS versus COURT OF APPEALS


G.R. No. 124354, April 11, 2002
(Motion for Reconsideration)

53. PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, INC. VS. N. & E. AGANA


G.R. No. 126297, January 31, 2007
G.R. No. 126297, February 11, 2008 (Motion for Reconsideration)
G.R. No. 126297, February 2, 2010 (En Banc)

54. NOGALES, ET AL. vs. CAPITOL MEDICAL CENTER, ET AL.


G.R. No. 142625, December 19, 2006

55. CAYAO-LASAM vs. SPOUSES EDITHA RAMOLETE


G.R. No. 159132, December 18, 2008

56. REYES vs. SISTERS OF MERCY HOSPITAL


G.R. No. 130547, October 3, 2000

Topical Syllabi Vicarious Liability/Medical Malpractice


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