Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

Open UI Vocabulary & Structures for end-of-Module 1 test/28 Mar 2016

Abbreviations used: sb=somebody sth=something CB=(black) coursebook

Vocabulary Structures
Market Leader upper-intermediate new edition Market Leader upper-intermediate new edition

Unit 1 vocabulary Unit 1


unfocussed as far as I can tell,
reluctant to = unwilling in terms of
outgoing apart from,
unresponsive as well as
insensitive furthermore,
(in)articulate
rambling Unit 1 Skills
to waste time/resources Useful language box at the bottom of page 11 CB
to face problems/difficulties
to save time/money Unit 2
to allocate time/resources to be worth + -ing
to empower in stark contrast to
further Noun compounds & Noun phrases pages 18 & 130 CB
breakdown (in)
(to) fine Unit 2 Skills
Prevalent=widespread Useful language box at the bottom of page 19 CB
Timely= at the right or an opportune or
Unit 3
appropriate time despite/in spite of
vending machine even if/even though/yet/still/even so/although/however
nowadays
loss (of) Unit 3 Skills
to come up Useful language box at the bottom of page 27 CB
paperwork
tight (control) Unit 4
overload Present & Past Tenses pages 33 & 131 CB
to fail
to withdraw
to take sth in
jargon
slang
to engage with sb
fault
to say sth under your breath
say when
to tell sb where to go
to tell the difference between
to bring sth to a halt = to cause someone or
something to stop immediately.
a hard nut to crack= a difficult problem to solve
to sort out
out of fear
to put in a nutshell= to state something very
concisely
to hear it on the grapevine
to put sb in the picture= to explain to someone
what is happening
to get the wrong end of the stick= to not understand
a situation correctly
to be on the same wavelength
cant make head or tail of it
to give sb the low-down on sth
to get/come (straight) to the point
to talk at cross purposes= they do
not understand
each other because they are trying to do or say
different things but they do not know this
Open UI Vocabulary & Structures for end-of-Module 1 test/28 Mar 2016

Abbreviations used: sb=somebody sth=something CB=(black) coursebook

to beat about the bush


to get our wires crossed= they do not understand
each other correctly
to air your views=express your opinions about sth
in public
to be at a loss for words= unable to think of sth to
say
to drop a hint
to keep sb up to date
to speak up
to go over sth
a roll-out = expansion
to slow down
wealthy
tailored to
takeover
overseas
time-consuming
to get rid of
lounge
red tape
merger
bullish= Causing, expecting, or characterized by
rising stock market prices
bearish
to emphasise
to waffle= Evasive or vague speech or writing
flop=failure
to liaise= to communicate and maintain contact
to lose sight of sth
its not up to me
to hold on (a second)
to take notes
to give out (free stuff)
throughout
nationwide

Unit 2 vocabulary
buying habits
monetary regulations
income distribution
bureaucracy
to hinder= To obstruct or delay the progress of
purchasing behaviour
survey
to bring out (a product)
wholesaler
fault
to brew
frothy=spumos, fara valoare
to spring up= develop, grow, rise
upmarket= Appealing to or designed for high-
income consumers
peculiarity= A notable or distinctive feature or
characteristic.
ground (coffee)
outlet
copy-cat= One that closely imitates or mimics another.
Open UI Vocabulary & Structures for end-of-Module 1 test/28 Mar 2016

Abbreviations used: sb=somebody sth=something CB=(black) coursebook

on the hit list= a list of targets to be eliminated


in some way
To cause (someone) to be
to arouse (interest)=
active, attentive, or excited
packed (=crowded)
To initiate or produce for
to roll out (a campaign)=
the first time; introduce
to wrap up (a meeting)
to pull out of (a market)
to get a foothold in (a market)= a secure position,
to phase out= To bring or come to an end, one
stage at a time.
product range
product features
brand awareness
brand loyalty
sales figures
sales forecast
price rise
price range
to reach an audience
to hold back= To retain in one's possession or
control
to fire away
thirst-quenching=refreshing
cash cow
convenience store
endorsement contract
to commission a survey
a blue chip company
idiosyncrasies= a tendency, type of behaviour
budget constraints
glossy
the movers and shakers (of an industry)
billboard= The advertisement or message
posted on such a panel.
to stand out
shareholders
eye-catching
overall
lifestyle
status
to gain an advantage
to persuade
market share
management buyout
outdoor advertising
USP= unique selling proposition or unique
selling point: a characteristic of a product that
can be used in advertising to differentiate it
from its competitors
JIT=just in time
PLC= product life cycle
approval
quota
to strike a compromise= to arrive at; achieve
to opt for
middle-of-the-road (strategy)
Open UI Vocabulary & Structures for end-of-Module 1 test/28 Mar 2016

Abbreviations used: sb=somebody sth=something CB=(black) coursebook

Unit 3 vocabulary
to break off (relations)
to build up
to cut off= To interrupt, to separate
to put sth down to sb/sth
to come down to=
to be tied up in
to get carried away
to look into
to draw up= To compose or write in a set form;
write out
to put off
to hold on to sb/sth
to let sb down
to count on sb
to set up
to call off
to come up
to get on (well) with sb
to sound out (peoples views)= To express one's
views vigorously
to put up with sb/sth=to tolerate
to hit it off= a se potrivi
to be on good terms with sb
to fall out with sb (over sth)= a te cert
to get along
to wake up to (the fact that)
to cut down
to get wrapped in
to set off for (an island)
to turn up= to find by investigation:
to hand in
to look forward to
to catch up with
to make up for
to put by= To save for later use
to cope with
to cement
to foster= a ocroti
to jeopardise
to strengthen
to resume
to restore
to sour = a acri
tu undermine
to damage
widespread
stormy
to strain (relations)
embedded in
unrivalled= better than everyone or everything
of the same type.
a wealth of= a great quantity
benchmark
untapped (potential)=not yet used
long-standing (partnership)
quest= a search
to pursue
to court
Open UI Vocabulary & Structures for end-of-Module 1 test/28 Mar 2016

Abbreviations used: sb=somebody sth=something CB=(black) coursebook

to tap the potential (of)


to forge
thrilled
to reckon=a socoti
to pinpoint

Unit 4 vocabulary
to outperform= to perform better than
to outclass= be superior to
to outvote
ruthlessness
(the) drive (to do sth)=motivtion
leisure
astonishing
to drop out (of college)
to hail sb as (a hero)= to acclaim or acknowledge
ailing= unwell or unsuccessful
to turn out to be
to bring sth/sb to their knees
to harness=a valorifica
to exude (arrogance)= to project abundantly;
radiate
to overlook
to turn round
to oversupply
to misjudge
to mismanage
workforce
headquarters
subsidiary
to reengineer
to underperform
to outbid= To bid higher than