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Objective (Prame) 2-3 sentences

- Our purpose for this project is to experiment the relation of Newton's second law and
electricity using cars along with frictionless track to prove our theory.

Materials (Prame)
- 2 cars

- Frictionless track

- Pliers

- Battery
Set-up (Drawing) (Mimi)

Background/Introduction (Game)
Everyone in group agree with the idea that we going to do about electricity and newtons
second law. At first, we going to demonstrate with train model but to be more clear in everyday
life, we choose Tamiya car to demonstrate because Tamiya car has many option to do with not
only motor weight or speed but also shape. We will test by run a car in a track while the other
car has more weight and become slower. This situation can apply to newton's second law.
Object with more mass will go slower. We have to build a car with their circuit inside so this will
came up with electricity topic.
Background :
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Discussion of Physics Concepts (Sarp & Mimi)


The car show newtons first law of motion which state that An object at rest stays at rest and an
object in motion stays in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted
upon by an unbalanced force because when the car move on frictionless track, it will continue
to move in straight line path unless altered by any force.

The car show the use of second law by showing that the net force of the car increase as
acceleration increase and the car with more weight will travel slower than the car with less
weight at the same acceleration. This explain that the acceleration of an object as produced by
a net force is directly proportional to the magnitude of the net force, in the same direction as the
net force, and inversely proportional to the mass of the object.

The car also represents electricity it helps us to practice building circuit and express the concept
of electric circuit. Electricity is the presence and flow of electric charge. Its best-known
form is the flow of electrons through conductors which is copper wires in the circuit of
the car. Electricity is a form of energy that comes in positive and negative forms which
is from power source that is battery in this case.

Discussion of Design (Steps by steps) methods on how you build it (with picture),
1. Build 2 cars
- Prepare all equipment
- Build up body structure
- assemble a chassis and gear/ cog
- Build up circuit of the car
- Assemble it together and add minor detail
- decoration
- Test run the car

2. Build the track for car to run


- Prepare equipment
- Cut out the part of the track
- Follow the instruction in the box
- Assemble it together
- decoration

3. Run a test on both car


- Put each car on outer track 5 times
- Record time of each car from the start point to
end point
- Collect data then analyze

Data (TK)
TYPES OF NUMBER OF TRIAL
CARS:
1 2 3 4 5

A 3.5 sec 3.5 sec 3.5 sec 3.36 sec 3.71 sec

B 2.7 sec 2.85 sec 2.5 sec 2.49 sec 2.4 sec

Analysis of Data (TK)


Both cars are connected to batteries and have same net force but different in weight. Car
A is packed with a cray while Car B is on normal structure while net force of Car A and Car B is
the same. According to newtons second law, the acceleration is inversely proportional to mass
but proportional to net force as you can see in the data that Car A has more mass than Car B so
Car A take more time to complete 1 round than Car B. Therefore, the speed of Car B is greater
than Car A due to the less mass of car. The more mass the car have, the more time it will take
to complete a turn because of its slower acceleration.

Conclusion (Sarp)
According to newtons second law the acceleration is directly proportional to net force and
inversely proportional to mass. To make the object move faster there can be two possible way.
First is to reduce mass while the net force is the same and another is increase net force while
the mass remain the same. Due to this law, the car with less weight run faster than the car with
more weight because weight is inversely proportional to acceleration, which follow newtons
second law.

Electric skill is explained in this project because the car is powered by electric circuit. This
require the knowledge of basic electricity to assemble the circuit since the use of gasoline is
limited.

Recommendation (for improvement) (Sarp)


This project is used to reinforce newtons second law and electricity. Therefore, further
experiment can base on newtons third law or electrostatic to enlarge the experiment area. In
addition, this experiment can be improved by adding more variable or repeat the experiment to
maximize perception.

References