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# Percentages

## Percentage is a fraction whose denominator is 100

24
o Example: 100 = 24%

And it is denoted as %

Examples:

1. 42%
a. It can be written as a fraction as =
b. It also can be written as a decimal =

1
2. 12
2 %
a. It can be written as a fraction as =
b. It also can be written as a decimal =

## To change fraction and decimal to percentage, multiply the number

by 100%
2
o Convert 5 to percentage

More percentages

120 km

## Percentage Increase and Percentage Decrease

Format used:
Amount %
Original
Value
Inc or Dec
New Value

Examples:
1. Calculate the percentage increase from \$20 to \$50

Amount %
Original
Value
Inc or Dec
New Value

Amount %
Original
Value
Inc or Dec
New Value

## 3. There are 756 children in a school. The number is 5% more that it

was last year. Calculate the number of children there were in the
school last year

Amount %
Original
Value
Inc or Dec
New Value
Profit and Loss
Remember this keywords:
Cost Price Selling Price Profit Loss
Marked price
Price during sell Increase Discount
Original price
Usual price Reduced
Normal price
Decrease

Format used:
Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P
Examples:
1. Find the selling price of an article if it was bought for \$25 and made
profit of 12%

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

2. Find the selling price of a T-shirt if it was bought for \$20 and made
loss of 20%

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

3. Find the cost of a watch if it made profit of 20% when it was sold for
\$54

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

## 4. In a sale, prices are reduced by 25%. The price of a handbag in the

sale is \$42. Find its normal price

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

5. Find the profit of an article if it was bought for \$40 and sold for \$56

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

6. Find the percentage profit of an article if it was bought for \$40 and
sold for \$48

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

7. Find the loss of an article if it was bought for \$40 and sold for \$36

Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

8. Find the percentage loss of a calculator if it was bought for \$50 and
sold for \$44
Amount %
C.P
P/L
S.P

## 1. In a sale a coat costing \$250 is reduced to \$200.

Find the percentage decrease in the cost.

## 2. Lei inherits \$1400.

She spends \$175 on a camera.
Work out \$175 as a percentage of \$1400

## 3. Ravi buys a car for \$2500.

He sells it for \$3300.
Calculate his percentage profit.

## 4. On 1 January 2000, the population of Norway was 4480 000, correct

to 3 significant figures.
(ii) On 1 January 2011, the population of Norway was 4920000,
correct to 3 significant figures. Calculate the percentage increase in
the population

## 5. Patrick buys some bananas for \$35.

He sells all the bananas for \$40.60.
Calculate his percentage profit.

## 6. A football ground seats 28 750 people when it is full.

(a) Write 28 750 correct to the nearest thousand.

## (b) One day 17 250 people attended a football match.

Work out 17 250 as a percentage of 28 750.

She pays part of this cost with \$12 000 of her own money.
Calculate what percentage of the \$23 000 this is.

## 8. When Caroline left home she had \$36.50.

She returned home with \$12.74.
Calculate \$12.74 as a percentage of \$36.50.

## 10. This year Mukthar now earns \$19 750.50 .

Last year, Mukhtar earned \$18 900
Calculate the percentage increase.