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ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS AND OBJECT PRONOUNS

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

The Possessive pronouns are:


MINE / YOURS / HIS / HERS / ITS / OURS / YOURS / THEIRS
To understand these pronouns it is important to review the pronouns that we
already know.
TABLE 1:
Subject Object Possessive Possessive
Pronouns Pronouns Adjectives Pronouns
I Me my mine
You You Your Yours
He Him His His
She Her Her Hers
It It Its Its
We Us Our Ours
You You Your Yours
They Them Their Theirs
These are the pronouns that we know so far. Remember that the Subject and
Object pronouns refer to people, places and things (nouns) and the Possessive
adjectives and possessive pronouns refer to possessions.
Como vemos estos son todos los pronombres aprendidos hasta la fecha. Les
hago recordar que es importante aprenderlos y saber las diferencias que
existen entre ellos. Los Subject y object pronouns van a tomar el lugar de
sustantivos y los possessive adjectives y possessive pronouns se utiliza para
expresar posesin.

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

We use both to talk about possession but they have different rules. LETS
COMPARE
Possessive Adjectives (my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their)
When we use the possessive adjectives IT IS NECESSARY TO PUT A NOUN
AFTER the possessive adjective.
Example:
I didnt take my book. (YOU NEED TO PUT BOOK)
Maria went to her house.
We need to put the noun after the possessive adjective my.
Possessive Pronouns (mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, theirs)
When we use the possessive pronouns WE DO NOT PUT THE NOUN AFTER
the possessive pronoun.
Example: We are talking about a book
- That is mine.
- Maria didnt take hers.
It is not necessary to put book because possessive pronouns can stand alone.
*** Entonces entendemos que con los possessive adjectives es necesario que
sea seguido por un sustantivo pero los possessive pronouns pueden ir solos.
Cuando usamos los possessive pronouns se tiene que tener claro de que uno
esta hablando sino lo correcto es usar los possessive adjectives.

Possessive Adjectives versus Possessive Pronouns


A possessive adjective is an adjective that is used to show ownership.
It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know to whom the
noun belongs. While many cases of ownership are shown
with possessive nouns (Karen's, children's), these possessive
adjectives are not nouns and are not formed by adding an apostrophe
+ s.
The following words are possessive adjectives:
my your his her its our their
Do not confuse these possessive adjectives with possessive pronouns.
A possessive pronoun does show ownership, but it does not come
before a noun or in a noun phrase. It stands alone. It can also be used
to replace a noun.
Here is a list of the possessive pronouns:
mine yours his hers its
A possessive adjective is an adjective that is used to show ownership.
It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know to whom the
noun belongs. While many cases of ownership are shown
with possessive nouns (Karen's, children's), these possessive
adjectives are not nouns and are not formed by adding an apostrophe
+ s.
ours theirs
Remember, possessive pronouns are used to replace the
noun. Possessive adjectives are used to describe the noun.
Notice that some forms of the possessive adjective and possessive
pronoun are the same (his, its). So, you have to look at how they are
used in the sentence.
Examples of Possessive Adjectives versus Possessive Pronouns:
Examples of possessive adjectives in a sentence:
1) My book is on the table.
2) I think you forgot your purse.
3) The dog buried its bone.
4) The girls missed their bus.
5) Joey left his bat at home.
Examples of possessive pronouns in a sentence:
1) The chair next to the window is his. (Notice you can replace the noun:
"His" is next to the window.)
2) The house on the corner is ours. (Ours is on the corner.)
3) I think the chocolate cookies at the party were hers. (Hers were at
the party).
4) The phone that is ringing is yours. (Yours is ringing.)
5) The zebra-stripped bookbag is mine. (Mine is the zebra-stripped
bookbag.)

CMO SE FORMA?
Afirmativos: sujeto + should + infinitivo sin to
He should work harder (debera trabajar ms)

Negativas: sujeto + shouldn't / should not + infinitivo sin to


We shouldn't arrive late / we should not arrive late (no deberamos llegar
tarde)

Interrogativas: Should + sujeto + infinitivo sin to


Should I study this chapter for the exam? (Debera estudiarme este
captulo para el examen?)
Should I go to the party? Yes, you should / No, you shouldn't.

CUNDO USAMOS SHOULD?


El verbo should se traduce como "debera" y se usa en los siguientes
casos:

1. Dar y pedir consejo.


Como indicamos en Consejos con should en ingls, should se usa para dar
y pedir consejos.
Your car is very old. You should buy a new one (tu coche es muy viejo.
Deberas comprarte uno nuevo)
You should do your homework (deberas hacer los deberes)
Should I have my hair cut? (Debera cortarme el pelo?)

En este caso, podramos usar tambin el verbo modal ought to / oughtn't


to.
You don't look well. You ought to go to the doctor (no tienes buena cara.
Deberas ir al mdico)
You oughtn't to drive so fast / You ought not to drive so fast (no deberas
conducir tan rpido)

Cuidado: Should expresa obligacin dbil (consejo). Por el


contrario, must se usa para expresar obligacin fuerte (orden).
2. Cuando queremos indicar que algo es o no es correcto.
You shouldn't get angry so easily (no deberas enfadarte con tanta facilidad)
You should recycle (deberas reciclar)
You shouldn't drive so fast. It's dangerous (no deberas conducir tan rpido.
Es peligroso)

3. Para criticar acciones del pasado.


En este caso se usa should have + participio pasado o ought to have +
participio pasado.
You should have told me you were going to arrive late (Deberas haberme
dicho que ibas a llegar tarde).
They ought to have studied harder. (deberan haber estudiado ms)

En negativa:
You shouldn't have told her. It was a secret (no se lo deberas haber
contado. Era un secreto)

4. Hacer sugerencias de forma educada cuando no sabemos la


respuesta.
Should I put the bags here? (Pongo las bolsas aqu?) (puedo (debera)
poner las bolsas aqu?)

EJERCICIO
Completa el ejercicio con frases utilizando should para dar consejos.
Para ver las respuestas haz clic en: Ejercicios ingls, el uso de should

1. I've got a headache. You ..................................................(drink/water).


2. I've forgotten my books. You..........................................(tell/teacher).
3. My back hurts. You...........................................................(go/doctor's).
4. The house is very untidy. You..........................................(tidy).
5. I've got toothache. You......................................................(see/dentist).

Se forma con if + simple present + simple future. Se emplea cuando una situacin
es real o posible: If it rains today, I'll stay at home. Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos
traducidos.

If clause Main clause


If + Present tense will / can / may / must + verb
If it rains today, I'll stay at home

If it rains today, I'll stay at home.


Si llueve hoy, me quedar en casa.
If he is busy now, I will come back tomorrow.
Si est ocupado ahora, regresar maana.
If I have time, I'll visit my parents this afternoon.
Si tengo tiempo, visitar a mis padres esta tarde.
If it is warm tomorrow, we'll go to the beach.
Si est caluroso maana, iremos a la playa.
If it is cold, you must wear warm clothes.
Si est fro, debes usar ropa abrigada.
If he doesn't do his homework, he can not go to the party.
Si l no hace su tarea, no puede ir a la fiesta.
If she doesn't call you, you can call her.
Si ella no te llama, t puedes llamarla.
If you work hard, you may become a millonaire someday.
Si trabajas duro, puede que te conviertas en un millonario algn da.

If you spend more than you earn, you'll become a poor man.
Si gastas ms de lo que ganas, te convertirs en un hombre pobre.
If they don't invite you, you must not go.
Si ellos no te invitan, no debes ir.
If we don't hurry, we'll miss our bus.
Si no nos apuramos, perderemos nuestro autobus.
If you pay now, you'll get a discount.
Si pagas ahora, obtendrs un descuento.
If they don't want to go out, they can stay home.
Si no quieren salir, se pueden quedar en casa.
If you drink too much, you'll get drunk.
Si bebes demasiado, te emborrachars.
If you feel sick, you must stay in bed.
Si te sientes enfermo, debes quedarte en cama.
If they don't come here, we'll have to go there.
Si ellos no vienen aqu, tendremos que ir all.