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# Plain & Reinforced Concrete-1 Experiment | 6

JOB NO: 6
Determination of the Specific Gravity of the Coarse & Fine Aggregate
(ASTM – C 127)
(ASTM – C 128)

6.1 Objective:
 To determine the property of aggregate
 To determine the specific gravity of aggregate
 To determine the water absorption of aggregate

6.2 Related Theory:
6.2.1 Aggregates:
Aggregates may be classified as:

 Coarse Aggregates
 Fine Aggregates

6.2.2 Coarse aggregates:

The aggregate which is retained on ASTM sieve # 4 (4.75 mm) is known as coarse
aggregate.

6.2.3 Fine aggregates:

The aggregate which is passing ASTM sieve # 4 (4.75 mm) is known as fine aggregate.
6.2.4 Absorption:
It is the increase of the mass of aggregate due to the addition of the water into the aggregate
is called absorption. The term absorption does not include the amount of water adhering to the
surface of the particles. Water absorption is expressed as percentage of the dry mass.
6.2.5 Saturated surface dry condition:

It is the condition of the aggregate particles in which the permeable pores of the aggregate
particles are filled with water but there is no water on the surface of the particles.

6.2.6 Saturated surface dry density:

It is the mass of the saturated surface dry aggregate per unit volume of the aggregate particles.
The term volume includes the volume of the permeable and the impermeable pores which are filled
with water and does not include the volume of the voids between the particles.

6.2.7 Apparent density:

It is the mass of the oven dry aggregate per unit volume of the solid portion of the aggregate.

Reg | 2014-UETR-CE-16 17

6.11 Apparent specific gravity: It is the ratio of the apparent density of the aggregate to the density of the gas free distilled water at a standard temperature (i.9 Saturated surface dry specific gravity: It is the ratio of the saturated surface dry density of the aggregate to the density of the water at a standard temperature (i.  Now take some aggregate and weight it.e.1 Coarse:  Container to soak aggregate  Weighing balance  Wire mash Bucket  Water container  Oven 6.8 Relative density: It is the ratio of the density of the aggregate to the density of the water at the 4 0 C is called as relative density.3.  Thoroughly wash the sample to remove all dust or other coatings from the particles.  Remove sample from water and wipe the particles until all surface films are removed.2. 40 C).4 Procedure: 6.2.1 Coarse aggregate:  Separate the aggregate that is coarse and fine.Plain & Reinforced Concrete-1 Experiment | 6 6.2 Fine:  Container to soak aggregate  Weighing balance  Oven  Stove  Pycnometer 6. 4o C).3 Apparatus: 6. 6.3.  After that soaked the aggregate in water for 24 hrs.2. B = Saturated surface dry weight in air Reg | 2014-UETR-CE-16 18 . 40 C).e. 6.4.2.e.10 Oven dry specific gravity: It is the ratio of the oven dried density of the aggregate to the density of the gas free distilled water at a standard temperature (i.  Dry the sample to a constant weight at a temperature of 100 to 110°C. 6.

Continue drying and testing until upon removal of the mold.  Carefully remove the fine aggregate and dry to a constant weight of 100 to 110°C and cool for at least 30 min. the fine aggregate will maintain its molded shape.G oven dry = B+500−C 500 S.  Take the weight of aggregate in water.2 Fine aggregate:  First of all take about 500 g of aggregate. Add water until the bottom of the meniscus is at the 500 cm3 line.G app = A−C ( B− A)×100 % age Absorption = A 6.  Remove excess water and spread on a flat surface.  Immediately introduce into the pycnometer 500 g of the fine aggregate. This indicates that the saturated. surface-dry condition has been reached. C = weight of aggregate in water  Now take the aggregate out of water and oven dry it and weight it. If surface moisture is present. A = Weight of oven dry in air A S.  Dry to a constant weight at a temperature of 100 to 110°C. including equal quantities of all fractions.4. reach on the pycnometer. Tamp lightly 25 times and lift the mold vertically.G oven dry = B−C B S.  Allow to cool and cover with water for about 30 min. the aggregate slumps slightly.G SSD = B+500−C Reg | 2014-UETR-CE-16 19 . Expose to a gentle moving flame until test sample approaches a free-flowing condition. Fill the pycnometer almost to capacity and eliminate the air bubbles by agitation.  Place a portion of the fine aggregate sample loosely into the mold.G SSD = B−C A S. and the water.Plain & Reinforced Concrete-1 Experiment | 6  Then put the same aggregate on wire mesh and dip the bucket into the water. Determine the total weight of the flask. including the sample. and weight it. A = Oven dry weight of aggregate B = weight of pycnometer + water C = Weight of pycnometer + sample in water A S.

1 pyncnometer Figure 6-2 wire mesh bucket 6.G app = B−C+ A % age Absorption = (500− A)×100 A Figure 6. Plain & Reinforced Concrete-1 Experiment | 6 A S.5 Observation & Calculation:  For Fine Aggregate-: Reg | 2014-UETR-CE-16 20 .

7Comments:- From experiment it is noted that the percentage absorption of fine aggregate is more than coarse aggregate.8g Weight of SSD sample 211.  Avoid loss of sample.56% 6.  Experiment should be performed according to requirement 6.57 %age water absorption 0.6Precaution:-  Weight the sample carefully.6g Specific gravity of (SSD) 2.4g Weight of flask + water 476.8g Specific gravity of (SSD) 1.26 Specific gravity (Apparent) 2. Plain & Reinforced Concrete-1 Experiment | 6  Table 6—1 specific gravity of fine aggregate Weight of flask + sample 386g Weight of flask + sample + 599. Reg | 2014-UETR-CE-16 21 .57 Specific gravity of (OD) 1.56 Specific gravity (Apparent) 1.37 Specific gravity of (OD) 2.4g water Weight of bucket + sample 3537.3g water   For Weight of empty flask 174.2g Weight of SSD sample 2302.54 %age water absorption 4.96% coarse aggregate:-  Table 6—2 specific gravity of coarse aggregate weight of empty mesh bucket in 2066.9g Weight of oven dry sample 2289.6g Weight of oven dry sample 201.

Plain & Reinforced Concrete-1 Experiment | 6 Reg | 2014-UETR-CE-16 22 .