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Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering

Dynamics (ENGR 243)

Dr. Hany Gomaa , Assistant Professor


Email: hany.gomaa@concordia.ca
Office: EV-3.269
Office Hours: Tuesday/Friday, 1:30 pm - 2:30 pm Vector Mechanics for Engineers Dynamics, by F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, Jr., & P.J. Cornwell, Tenth Edition in SI Units, McGraw-Hill, 2013

Web Site: Access from your My Concordia portal Moodle

Class : Tuesday/Thursday, 11:45am-1:00pm, FG-C070

Resources Used:
1. Vector Mechanics for Engineers Dynamics, by F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, Jr., &
P.J. Cornwell, Tenth/ Eleventh Edition in , McGraw-Hill, 2013 / 2016 &
2. Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016

January 12th, 2017 Dr. Hany Gomaa


LECTURE 1 REVIEW

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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Course Information
Vector Mechanics for Engineers Dynamics by F.P. Beer, et al.
Topics Chapters
1. Chapter 11 Introduction to Dynamics (Kinematics of Particles)
Rectilinear Motion of Particles - Curvilinear Motion of Particles

2. Chapter 12 Kinetics of Particles


Newtons Second Law
3. Chapter 13 Kinetics of Particles
Energy and Momentum Methods
4. Chapter 15 Kinematics of Rigid Bodies
5. Chapter 16 Plane Motion of Rigid Bodies
Forces and Acceleration
6. Chapter 17 Plane Motion of Rigid Bodies
Energy and Momentum-3-Methods Dr. Hany Gomaa
Vector Mechanics for Engineers Dynamics, by F.P. Beer, E.R. Johnston, Jr., & P.J. Cornwell, Tenth Edition in SI Units, McGraw-Hill, 2013
Introduction to Dynamics
Dynamics includes:
Kinematics:
Study of the geometry of motion.
1 2 3 4
Relates displacement, velocity, acceleration, and time without reference
to the cause of motion.
Fthrust

Fdrag

Flift
Kinetics:
Study of the relations existing between the forces acting on a body, the
mass of the body, and the motion of the body.
Kinetics is used to predict the motion caused by given forces or to
determine the forces required to produce a given motion.
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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Types of Particle Motion
1) Rectilinear motion 2) Curvilinear motion:
position, velocity, and position, velocity, and
acceleration of a particle acceleration of a
as it moves along a particle as it moves
straight line. along a curved line.

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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Summary
1. Kinematics: geometric aspects of the motion
Dynamics
2. Kinetics: Analysis of forces which cause the motion

The motion of a particle is known if the position coordinate for particle is known for
every value of time t.
Remember: x, v, a, t are related by:

v
dx
a
dv d 2x a
dv dv dx
v
dv
a 2
dt dt dt dt dx dt dx
fixed origin and
positive direction

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Dr. Hany Gomaa
LECTURE 2
1.Review

2.Rectilinear Motion of Particles :


Position, velocity & Acceleration
Determination of the motion of a particle
Uniform Rectilinear Motion
Uniformly Accelerated Rectilinear Motion
Motion of Several Particles: Relative Motion

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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Uniform Rectilinear Motion
Uniform Rectilinear Motion
The Particle acceleration is equal to zero for every value of time.
Accordingly it is moving with a constant velocity.

Uniform rectilinear motion acceleration = 0 velocity = constant

dx
v constant
dt
x t
dx v dt
x0 0
x x0 vt
x x0 vt Used only when the particles
velocity is constant
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Dr. Hany Gomaa
LECTURE 2
1.Review

2.Rectilinear Motion of Particles :


Position, velocity & Acceleration
Determination of the motion of a particle
Uniform Rectilinear Motion
Uniformly Accelerated Rectilinear Motion
Motion of Several Particles: Relative Motion

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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Uniformly Accelerated Rectilinear Motion
Uniform Accelerated Rectilinear Motion
The Particle is moving with a constant acceleration .
Primary Important Application is free fall.

The acceleration of a free falling body (usually denoted by g) is equal to:


g = 9.81 m/s2 or g = 32.2 ft/s2

http://beforeitsnews.com/alternative/2012/11/entering-a-free-fall-who-were-the-planners-attackers-of-911-2503952.html

Application: free fall


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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Uniformly Accelerated Rectilinear Motion
Uniformly accelerated motion acceleration = constant
Integrate to v t
dv
dv a dt
find velocity
a constant v v0 at
dt v0 0
dx
v v0 at v
dt
x t
dx
dt
v0 at dx v0 at dt x x0 v0t 12 at 2
x0 0

x x0 v0t 12 at 2
dv dv dx dv
a v
Also: dt dx dt dx
v 2 v02 ax x0
v x
dv
v a constant v dv a dx 1
2
dx v0 x0

v 2 v02 2a x x0
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Dr. Hany Gomaa
Uniformly Accelerated Rectilinear Motion

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Dr. Hany Gomaa
In the case of uniformly accelerated motion (i.e. for constant acceleration)
The three driven equations provide useful relations among position coordinate
x, velocity v and time t

v v0 at Relates v and t

x x0 v0t at 1
2
2
Relates x and t

v v 2ax x0
2 2
0
Relates x and v

Application: free fall

In the case of particles acceleration being variable then the fundamental


equations are used.
dx dv dv dx dv
v a v
dt dt dx dt dx Dr. Hany Gomaa
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EXAMPLES

Dr. 14
Hany Gomaa
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
All rights reserved.
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
All rights reserved.
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
continued on next slide
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition Copyright 2016 by Pearson Education, Inc.
R.C. Hibbeler All rights reserved.
Hibbeler Engineering Mechanics: Dynamics, Fourteenth Edition, Pearson, 2016
Dr. Hany Gomaa
Motion of Several Particles: Relative Motion

Dr. Hany Gomaa