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I. Pre Investigation
1. The fifth of May commemorates the Mexican armys 1862 victory over France at
the Battle of Puebla during the Franco-Mexican War.
2. Celebration of Mexico of Mexican culture and heritage, particularly in areas
with large Mexican-American populations.
3. It is a relatively minor holiday in Mexico, in the United States it has evolved
into a large celebration
4. There are many traditions that are celebrated. In Mexico, most of the Cinco de
Mayo celebrations occur in the town of Puebla. There are large parades that
feature people dressed up as Mexican and French soldiers.
5. It was a large holiday celebrated in America and a smaller holiday celebrated in
Mexico. They have big parades and parties to celebrate the Mexican

II. Research

a) History Hunters
1. Benito Jurez was a national hero and president of Mexico (1861-72)
Porfirio Diaz was a soldier and president of Mexican (1884-1911)
Ignacio Zaragoza was the general in the Mexican army and was best
known for defeating invading French forces
Napoleon III was the only president of the French Second Republic and
was the Emperor of the Second French Empire
Maximilian was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire
2. see above
3. The biggest misconception is that the people think its Mexican i
independence day but it isnt, its actually the defeat of the French of
the battle of Puebla.
4. The French invaded Mexico in attempt to create a French State.
5. The fighting occurred between the French and the Spanish after the
French forces sent by Napoleon III to establish a French state in Mexico.
The battle ended in Mexican victory.
6. It ended in 1862.
7. It ended in Mexican victory.
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b) Festive Foods
1. Mole includes chili peppers and chocolate which makes a sauce
2.Chipotle is a smoke dried jalapeno pepper
3.Chilaquiles is a dish of fried tortilla strips typically topped with a spicy
tomato sauce and cheese
4.Enchilada s a rolled tortilla with a filling typically of meat and served
with a chili sauce
5. (2) Chalupas is a tostada platter. Menudo soup is a traditional Mexican
soup made with beef stomach in broth with a red chili pepperbase. Lam
barbacoa is served and it has been smoked underground in banana
leaves or carnitas topped with queso fresco, pickled onions and
homemade salsa verde wrapped in a homemade corn tortilla.
6. (3) A flour tortilla is a type of soft, thin flatbread made from finely
ground wheat flour and corn tortillas are made from fine groumdm up
corn kernels.
7. (4) Try to stick with basic plain foods because Mexican food is very
spicy and can cause upset stomachs.
8. (5) Frijoles, also known as beans
9. (6) Most people eat breakfast at around 11am, and drink coffee, and
eat sweet rolls when they first wake up. Then lunch follows around
3pm, and then dinner around 9pm.
10. (7) quesadillas, tacos, enchiladas
c) Modern Music and Moves
1. Love, betrayal, death, politics, revolutionary heroes and even animals
2. It is a variation of the French word mariage, meaning wedding or
marriage, and comes from the time in the nineteenth century when
Maximillian, a Frenchman, was Emperor of Mexico. According to this
myth the Mariachi was named by the French after the celebration with
which it was most commonly associated. But this explanation, always
regarded as highly doubtful by linguists, was totally discredited recently
when a use of the word was found that predated the time when the
French arrived in Mexico.
3.There are violins, guitars, basses, vihuelas (a 5 string guitar) and
4. The band Mariachi Campinas de America and they are under charge of
Juan Oritz. The other band is the female Mariachi band Reyna de Los
Angeles and they were featured on companeras
5. Tejano music has more of a modern sound, adding musical influences
from cambia, rock and blues. It evolved among the Mexican population
in South and Central Texas.
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d) Typical Traditions
1. You can expect to see mini sombreros, serapes, Mexican guitars,
luminarias, and the Mexican flag.
2. There are Cinco de Mayo feasts and festivals
3. The typical costume for Cinco de Mayo is very colorful with ribbon
4.Cinco de Mayo is celebrated on a much larger scale in the U.S. because
its Mexicos largest American celebrated holiday
5.Two popular decorations are Mexican flags and cacti
e) Fascinating Facts
1. It celebrates Mexicos independence
2. Frances excuse for invading Mexico was coming back to get their
money from Mexico. When Mexico didn't have the money then invaded
3. The whole country doesn't celebrate Cinco de Mayo because it doesn't
apply to all the cities
4. There were 2,000 Mexican soldiers involved in the battle, and 6,000
french soldiers
5. The victory at Puebla was important because it wasn't expected for
the Mexicans to win
Cinco de Maya is a fun holiday to celebrate. It is a Mexican holiday but it heavily
celebrated in the U.S.