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Hitler's Lightning War

1- Nonaggression Pact: Pact signed by Hitler and Stalin. Hitler promised to give land to Stalin,
they agrees to split Poland, and agreed that Stalin could take Finland and the Baltic countries.
Blitzkrieg: Means lightning war. Strategy used to surprise enemies and quickly overwhelm them.
Germany used fast moving airplanes and tanks, then sent in massive infantry forces.
Charles de Gaulle: Set up a government-in-exile in London. Organized the Free French military
to battle the Nazis. Committed his energy to reconquering France
Winston Churchill: New British Prime Minister. Declared that they would never surrender.
Battle of Britain: Started by Hitler in the summer of 1940. He did not expect such resistance, so
on May 10th he decided to call off his attacks.
Erwin Rommel: General during WW2. Fought Britain for Tobruk and eventually won.
Atlantic Charter: Joint declaration between Churchill and Roosevelt, it allowing people to choose
their own government and upheld trade among nations.

2- The battle of Britain turned the tides for the Allies because it showed that Hitler's attacks
could be taken down and that they had a chance at winning.

3- After war was declared the troops were set up and they waited for an attack from the Germans.
The germans did not attack because they were at another border

4- Egypt had oil that they needed so they could continue fighting in the war.

5- He knew we would have to fight in the war if the Allies lost so he wanted to help so they
would win.

Japan's Pacific Campaign


1-Isoroku Yamamoto: Japanese naval strategist that planned the attack on Hawaii
Pearl Harbor: Japanese attack on a US naval base, made the US enter the war.
Battle of Midway: Japanese attack on Midway in hopes the US would leave Pearl Harbor
Douglas MacArthur: A general in the Pacific, Commander of Allied land forces
Battle of Guadalcanal: 6 month battle against Japan when the US tried to take their island.

2- Battle of Midway was what turned the tides because it destroyed Japan's navy.

3- They planned to catch them by surprise by planning massive attacks against them.

4- Instead of ships attacking eachother aircraft attacked the ships.

5- Seize the islands that did not have a good defense but were close to Japan.

The Holocaust
1-Aryan: New racial order made by the Nazis, referred to the German people
Holocaust: Massive slaughter of the Jews and other groups not approved by the Nazis
Kristallnacht: Violent attack against the Jewish community on November 9th
Ghetto: Isolated areas where the Nazis put the Jews live
Final Solution: Hitler's last plan to take out all the Jews
Genocide: planned killing of an entire group of people

2-Hunting down Jews and taking them to ghettos > Jews were shot by killing squads > those who
survived were taken to concentration camps > they were take to gas chambers > cremated after
death

3- The nazis proposed the Aryans which were all Germans and all others were inferior to them.

4- the last stage is getting put in gas chambers and those rooms getting filled with cyanide gas.
They later burned the bodies of the dead

5- Other countries welcomed Jewish refugees and people helped hide Jews.

The Allied Victory


1- Dwight D Eisenhower: American General that lead forces in Operation Torch
Battle of Stalingrad: Battle between USSR and Germany. Germany was defeated and did not
capture Stalingrad for the USSR
D-Day: The Allies began to invade the European mainlands and took back control over many
countries.
Battle of the Bulge: Battle were the German army had to retreat and was one of the battles that
ended the war.
Kamikaze- Japanese suicide pilots trained to crash their planes with bombs into ships

2- D-Day turned the tides because the Allies were starting to gain more control and power over
the Axis powers

3- He wanted some of the Germans to go west and leave his border so he could easily defeat
them.

4- They set up dummy armies so the Germans would not know where they actually are.

5- They kept getting Atomic Bombs dropped on them.

Europe and Japan in Ruins


1- Nuremberg Trials: Trials held in Germany against the inhuman war crimes and acts of the
Nazis
Demilitarization: Dismembering the Japanese army
Democratization: Creating a government where people elect their leaders

2- In Europe they were still lost after the war but in Japan new systems were put in place to get
them a better start.

3- They wanted to find their families or a safe place to live

4- They put the Nazis on trial, dismembered armies, and set up a new government

5- Demilitarization, democratization, and made people with lots of land sell some to the
government