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ZXSDR BTS

Structure and Principle

ZTE UNIVERSITY
ZTE University, Dameisha
YanTian District, Shenzhen,
P. R. China
518083
Tel: (86) 755 26778800
Fax: (86) 755 26778999
URL: http://ensupport.zte.com.cn
E-mail: support@zte.com.cn
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Copyright 2006 ZTE CORPORATION.

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Publishing Date (MONTH/DATE/YEAR) : 20091111


Content

SDR BTS Structure and Principle .................................. 1


1 SDR Overview............................................................ 2
1.1 SDR Definition ...................................................................... 2
1.2 SDR in ZTE IP RAN ................................................................ 2
1.3 SDR Functions....................................................................... 3
2 Different Types of SDR BTS ....................................... 7
2.1 B8200+R8860 Introduction..................................................... 7
2.1.1 Overall Appearance ....................................................... 7
2.1.2 Highlight Feature........................................................... 8
2.1.3 Technical Indices ........................................................... 8
2.2 BS8800 GU360 Introduction...................................................14
2.2.1 Overall Appearance ......................................................14
2.2.2 Highlight Feature..........................................................14
2.2.3 Technical Indices ..........................................................16
2.3 BS8900 GU360 Introduction...................................................19
2.3.1 Cabinet Appearance......................................................19
2.3.2 Highlight Feature..........................................................27
2.3.3 Technical Indices ..........................................................28
2.4 BS8906 G060 Introduction.....................................................33
2.4.1 Physical Appearance .....................................................33
2.4.2 Highlight Feature..........................................................34
2.4.3 Technical Indices ..........................................................36
3 SDR Boards ............................................................. 39
3.1 Base Band Unit ....................................................................39
3.1.1 CC .............................................................................40
3.1.2 UBPG .........................................................................43
3.1.3 BPC ............................................................................45
3.1.4 FS ..............................................................................47
3.1.5 SA..............................................................................49
3.1.6 SE..............................................................................54
3.1.7 PM .............................................................................56
3.1.8 FA ..............................................................................58
3.2 Radio Unit ...........................................................................59
3.2.1 RSU60 ........................................................................59
4 SDR Principles ......................................................... 63
4.1 Hardware Architecture...........................................................63
4.2 Software Architecture............................................................63
4.3 Signal Flow ..........................................................................65
4.3.1 System Service Signal Flow ...........................................65
4.3.2 System Control Signal Flow ...........................................66
4.3.3 System Clock Signal Flow .............................................66
4.4 Interface and Protocol ...........................................................66
4.4.1 Abis interface ..............................................................67
4.4.2 Um Interface ...............................................................69
4.4.3 Iub Interface ...............................................................71
4.4.4 Uu interface.................................................................73
5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example) ................. 75
5.1 Configuration Principles .........................................................75
5.2 GSM Single Mode Configuration ..............................................76
5.3 UMTS Single Mode Configuration ............................................78
5.4 GSM/UMTS Dual Mode Configuration .......................................79
5.5 Typical Configurations ...........................................................82
6 SDR Operation and Maintenance ............................. 89
6.1 Maintenance Overview ..........................................................89
6.2 Maintenance Functions ..........................................................90
SDR BTS Structure and
Principle
After you have completed this course, you

will be able to:


>> Learn the SDR definition and functions
>> Learn the different types of ZTE SDR
BTS
>> Lerarn the structure and principle of
SDR boards
>> Learn the work principle of SDR BTS
>> Learn the hardware configuration prin-
ciple of SDR BTS
>> Leran the operation and maintenance
mode of SDR BTS

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 1


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Chapter 1 SDR Overview


After you have completed this chapter, you will know:
>> SDR Definition
>> SDR in ZTE IP RAN
>> SDR Functions

1.1 SDR Definition


Industrial Various technologies providing an efficient and comparatively
Definition inexpensive solution to the problem of building multi-mode,
multi-band, multi-functional mobile radio base stations can be
summed up in term software defined radio (SDR).
Definition: Sum of hardware and software technologies in
which essential parts of operation can be reconfigured by the
upgrading of its software.
ZTE Definition GSM/WCDMA dual mode macro base station.
BBU+RRU distributed structure.
BBU adopts standard uTCA hardware platform, based on uni-
fied SDR base station researching platform.
GSM/WCDMA with same frequency have same radio unit, but
different baseband board.

1.2 SDR in ZTE IP RAN


A GSM/UMTS system consists of Base Station (BTS), Base Station
Controller (BSC/RNC), Core Networks and MS/UE. The position of
SDR BTS as shown in Figure 1.

2 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 1 SDR Overview

FIGURE 1 SDR POSITION IN ZTE IP RAN

SDR functions as the base station (BTS/Node B), forming the


Base Station Subsystem (BSS) with the Base Station Controller
(BSC/RNC).

1.3 SDR Functions


Services Table 1 lists the services.

TABLE 1 SERVICES PROVIDED

Service Type Descriptions

GSM/EDGE service FR: Full-rate voice service

EFR: Enhanced full-rate voice service

HR: Half-rate voice service

AMR: Adaptive multi-rate voice service

F9.6: 9.6 kbps full-rate data service

GPRS/EDGE: GPRS/EDGE packet data service

Positioning service Providing three kinds of positioning method:


Positioning by CellID
Positioning by CellID+RTT
Positioning by AGPS

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 3


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Service Type Descriptions

R99 service CS domain: AMR voice service (supporting 8


rates), CS 64 kbps service
PS domain: UL/DL 64 kbps, UL/DL 128 kbps,
and UL/DL 384 kbps service
Concurrent service: CS domain (AMR 12.2
kbps, CS 64 kbps) + PS domain (64 kbps, 128
kbps, 384 kbps)

HSDPA service Supporting a maximum data rate of 14.4 Mbps


Supporting 15 code channels at most
Supporting HSDPA and R99 services on
different carriers
Supporting co-frequency handover,
hetero-frequency handover, and handover
between HSDPA and R99
Supporting concurrent service
Supporting stream media service

HSUPA service Supporting a maximum data rate of 5.76 Mbps

MBMS service Supporting broadcast and multicast functions,


supporting PtP and PtM modes
Supporting mobility management
Supporting MBMS service of stream type and
background type

HSPA+ service Supporting downlink data rate of 43.2 Mbps


Supporting uplink data rate of 11.5 Mbps

Functions Basic functions


With Um/Uu interface, it accomplishes UE access and RF link
transmission, including:
RF signal processing
Channel coding and decoding
Channel multiplexing and de-multiplexing
Measurement and reporting
Power control
Transmission diversity
Receiving diversity
Calibration
Synchronization
With Abis/Iub interface, it connects with BSC/RNC and accom-
plishes the following functions:
Cell management
Reporting BTS measurement information
Broadcasting system messages

4 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 1 SDR Overview

Access control
Mobility management
Radio resource management
RF signal processing
Transmission management
With operating and maintenance interface, it performs system
management, including:
Configuration management
Alarm management
Status checking and monitoring
Dual mode
Supporting GSM/EDGE and UMTS, each mode can work in-
dependently. Supporting mixed installation of boards with
different frequencies in the same cabinet and mixed installa-
tion of boards with the same frequency in the same cabinet.
Through relevant baseband board configuration, software
version downloading, and background configuration, the GSM
network and UMTS network can be upgraded, changed over,
or run simultaneously.
Supporting GSM Phase I/GSM Phase II/GSM Phase II + stan-
dards.
Supporting UMTS R99, R4, R5, R6, R7.
Frequency hopping
The Equipment supports GSM baseband frequency hopping and
RF frequency hopping.
Power control
The Equipment supports downlink carrier power control. In
GSM/EDGE mode, it supports static 6-level power control and
dynamic 15-level power control.
Discontinuous Transmission (DTX)
The equipment supports DTX, which reduces the transmitting
power and the total signal interference level in the air.
Modulation modes
According to modulation commands issued by the base station
controller, the equipment supports multiple modulation modes
including GMSK, 8PSK, QPSK, and 16-QAM.
Transmission diversity and receiving diversity
In GSM mode, the equipment supports downlink transmission
diversity, two-way/four-way diversity reception. It also sup-
ports the four-antenna IRC technology.
IRC switch control
The equipment can enable and disable the interference-elim-
inating function through software. After the function is dis-
abled, the system can be recovered to the state before the
disabling operation is performed.
IP Abis interface

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 5


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

IP function is supported at Abis interface.


GPS all-network synchronization
The GPS module is embedded in the baseband unit. The GPS
clock is taken as the standard clock source for the entire base
station to realize the GSM system all-network synchronization.
Carrier license control
The equipment performs license control for multi-carrier-mod-
ule carrier, which can be commissioned according to a single
carrier.
Electrical antenna
The equipment supports electrical antenna and Tower Mounted
Amplifier (TMA).
Viterbi decoding algorithm
The receiving end supports the Viterbi decoding algorithm, in-
creasing the system receiving sensitivity and channel decoding
capability.
Co-BCCH technology
The Co-BCCH technology is supported. It is often applied in
dual-band cell. The dual-band cell means that carriers of two
bands are supported in the same cell, and carriers of different
bands share the same BCCH.

6 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR
BTS

After you have completed this chapter, you will know:


>> Appearance, features and indices of B8200+R8860
>> Appearance, features and indices of BS8800
>> Appearance, features and indices of BS8900
>> Appearance, features and indices of BS8906

2.1 B8200+R8860 Introduction


2.1.1 Overall Appearance

System consists of the core BBU (B8200) and RRU (R8860).


The combination of B8200 and R8860 is the dual-mode macro
distributed BTS, mainly used for outdoor and indoor G/U
900/1800/850/1900M dual-mode coverage. The physical struc-
ture of B8200+R8860 is shown in Figure 2

FIGURE 2 B8200+R8860 APPEARANCE

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

2.1.2 Highlight Feature

Compared with traditional BTS, B8200 and R8860 has following


highlight features:
Series RRUs, suitable for multi indoor and outdoor coverage
scenarios.
RRU - Compact Design, Light, Easy Installation
Plug-in design for B8200 shelf, 19 inch, 2U in height and 8.75
kg in weight. It can be conveniently deployed on the wall, on
the ground, in the 19 inch rack, etc.
RRU Installed Near Antenna, Saving Feeder Loss, Enhancing
Coverage
Series RRU can be remotely installed near the antenna system
to lower the feeder loss. The coverage gain can reach more
than 3dB compared with traditional macro NodeB.
Shared Base-band Resources, Dynamic Traffic Adjustment
Suitable for traffic transferring dynamically or outburst areas,
such as CBD, uptown or beauty spot, avoiding resources waste.
Various Interfaces, Flexible Networking
ATM/IP dual protocol stacks, providing with various interfaces
such as E1/T1/E3/T3/STM-1/GE etc. It supports SDH network-
ing, hybrid transmission and all-IP networking.
G/U Dual Mode Configuration, Smoothly Evolve to Future Net-
work
Supports GSM/GPRS/ EDGE/ Enhanced EDGE/UMTS/HSPA/H-
SPA+ and fully satisfies future evolution to LTE.
Multi-Carriers and Multi-Frequencies
R8860 supports up to 3 UMTS carriers or 6 GSM carriers in
single mode, 2 GSM + 2 UMTS carriers or 4 GSM+1 UMTS
carriers in dual mode. R8860 also supports multi-frequencies,
including 900MHz/1800MHz/850MHz/1900MHz.

2.1.3 Technical Indices

2.1.3.1 Performance Indices

Type Item Indices

R8860(60W): 900/1800 MHz


Working
Frequency R8860(80W):
Performance
900/1800/850/1900 MHz
Indices
Max 24 CS (UMTS
Capacity
Carrier/Sector single mode)

8 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

Type Item Indices

3 Carriers
(UMTS single
Max mode)
Carrier/TRX
36 TRX (GSM
single mode)

UL: 960 CE
Max Channel
Element
DL: 960 CE

Max Channels
123
Per Cell

UL: 57.5 Mbps


Max
Throughput
DL: 216 Mbps

Output Power
RRU Type
(TOC)
Output Power
R8860 60/80 W

-112 dBm@GSM Single Antenna

Receiving -126.5 dBm@UMTS Single


Sensitivity Antenna

-129.2 dBm@UMTS 2 Antennae

2.1.3.2 Interface Indices

Interface Item Indices Type

2 pairs(op-
STM-1 SFP (LC)
tional)

16 pairs(8pairs
E1/T1 DB44
optional)

10M/100M/100
0M electrical
Abis/Iub
Auto- RJ45
Negotiation.
Ethernet
Auto-MDI/MDIX

1 1000M optical
SFP (LC)
1 100M optical

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 9


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Interface Item Indices Type

0M/100M/1000
M electrical
Cascading,
Debugging
Ethernet Auto- RJ45
or Local
Negotiation.
Maintenance
Auto-MDI/MDIX

Baseband/Ra-
CPRI 12 pairs SFP (LC)
dio

Clock GPS 1 SMA

2.1.3.3 Physical Indices

Type Item Index

B8200: 88.4 * 482.6 * 197 mm (H


* W * D)
Dimension
R8860: 500 * 320 * 172 mm (H *
Physical
W * D)
Indices
B8200: 8.75 Kg
Weight
R8860: 22.5 Kg

2.1.3.4 Power Indices

Type Item Index

B8200: -48V DC (-57


V DC -40V DC)
Power supply, voltage
Power Indices
range of variation
R8860: -48V DC (-35
V DC -60 V DC)

2.1.3.5 Power Consumption

Typical Typical
Power Power
Configura-
Type Mode Consump- Consump-
tion
tion(60W/ tion(80W/
900M Hz) 900 MHz)

B8200
80W 80W
6CS/1 BPC

B8200
115W 115W
Power Con- 12CS/2 BPC
UMTS Single
sumption
Mode
Indices B8200
145W 145W
18CS/3 BPC

B8200
180W 180W
24CS/4 BPC

10 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

Typical Typical
Power Power
Configura-
Type Mode Consump- Consump-
tion
tion(60W/ tion(80W/
900M Hz) 900 MHz)

UMTS
1C/TOC 170W 155W
20W

UMTS
2C/TOC 200W 185W
40W

UMTS
3C/TOC 225W 205W
60W

UMTS
4C/TOC - 230W
80W

B8200
12TRX/1 60W 60W
UBPG

B8200
24TRX/2 75W 75W
UBPG

B8200
36TRX/3 90W 90W
UBPG

B8200
48TRX/4 105W 105W
UBPG
GSM Single
Mode B8200
60TRX/5 120W 120W
UBPG

GSM/S1 300W 330W

GSM/S2 240W 250W

GSM/S3 220W 220W

GSM/S4 210W 210W

GSM/S5 205W 205W

GSM/S6 200W 200W

6CS+12TR-
X/1BPC+1 95W 95W
UBPG

G/U Dual- 12CS+24T-


Mode RX/2BPC+2 145W 145W
UBPG

GSM S1 + 1
265W 275W
UMTS CS

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 11


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Typical Typical
Power Power
Configura-
Type Mode Consump- Consump-
tion
tion(60W/ tion(80W/
900M Hz) 900 MHz)

GSM S2 + 1
235W 245W
UMTS CS

GSM S3 + 1
220W 225W
UMTS CS

GSM S4 + 1
215W 200W
UMTS CS

2.1.3.6 Environment Indices

Type Item Indice

B8200:

Long-term:
-15C+50C

Short-term:
-35C+60C
Temperature
R8860:

Long-term:
-40C+55C

Short-term:
-40C+60C

B8200:

Long-term: 5%95%

Environment Indices Short-term: 5%100%


Relative Humidity
R8860:

Long-term: 5%100%

Short-term: 5%100%

B8200: IP20
Waterproof/Dustproof
R8860: IP65

Ground 10

B8200:

Indoor pack
Storage depositing

Temperature:
-45C+70C

12 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

Type Item Indice

Relative Humidity:
10% 90%

R8860:

Indoor pack
depositing

Temperature:
-45 70

Relative Humidity:
5% 98%

2.1.3.7 EMC Indices

Type Item Indice

YD/T 1595.2-2007

ETSI EN 301 489-01 ETSI EN 301


489-23
EMC National/Interna-
Indices tionl Standard ETSI EN 300 386V1.3.2

(CISPR22) Class B

Directive 1999/5/EC (R)

2.1.3.8 Reliability Indices

Type Item Indice

B8200: 230,000 hours


MTBF
R8860: 180,000 hours

B8200: 0.5 hours


MTTR
Reliability R8860: 0.5 hours
Indices
Availability B8200: 99.9997%

R8860: 99.9997%

Down Duration B8200: 1.143 min/year

R8860: 1.460 min/year

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 13


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

2.2 BS8800 GU360 Introduction


2.2.1 Overall Appearance

The BS8800 cabinet includes the primary cabinet and the auxiliary
cabinet. The primary cabinet supports 36 GSM carriers. When
the number of carriers at a site exceeds 36, the capacity can be
expanded by adding secondary cabinet, and each auxiliary cabinet
also supports 36 GSM carriers.
Figure 3 shows the appearance of BS8800 cabinet.

FIGURE 3 BS8800 APPEARENCE

1. Auxiliary cabinet 2. Primary cabinet

2.2.2 Highlight Feature

BS8800 is one of multi-carrier, multi-mode indoor macro base sta-


tion in ZXSDR BTS series. By applying advanced MicroTCA plat-
form and SDR technology, BS8800 can support GPRS/EDGE/En-
hanced EDGE/UMTS/HSPA and HSPA+ simultaneously. Its main
advantage is that it can be configured to a GERAN BTS, or a UTRAN
Node B, or a G/W dual-mode BTS by software reconfiguration only.
BS8800 develops a new solution for GSM/UMTS integrated net-
work and network evolution. It can be applied in dense urban,
urban, suburban, rural area, highway or indoor environment; also
it can fully meet operators requirements in different stages and
scenarios. In addition, BS8800 can decrease the mobile network
construction and operation cost.

14 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

Smooth Evolution BS8800 software and hardware support full-feature EDGE and
UMTS/HSPA and satisfy operatorsfuture needs for data service.
In the future evolution to EDGE+ and HSPA+, only software
upgrade is needed.
The MicroTCA architecture supports up to 10Gbps data through-
put. It enables BS8800 to be also capable for LTE application.
Easy Installation BS8800 Primary cabinet dimension: 950mm * 600mm * 450mm
(H*W*D), auxiliary cabinet dimension: 700mm * 600mm *
450mm (H*W*D). Front wiring design enables against wall
installation and conveniently maintenance.
Evolution to IP BS8800 is developed based on the ZTE unified MicroTCA platform.
RAN Abis/Iub interfaces based on GE/FE or IPoverE1 are provided. IP
RAN can be conveniently achieved.
Smooth Expansion Each BS8800 dual-mode Radio Unit has the capability to support 6
GSM TRX or 3 UMTS carriers. If GSM and UMTS are configured at
the same time, each radio unit supports 3 GSM TRX plus 1 UMTS
carrier or 2 GSM TRX plus 2 UMTS carrier.
Low Power BS8800 apply Doherty, DPD and MCPA technologies to power am-
Consumption plifier module which improve PA efficiency.
With S666 GSM, BS8800 power consumption is 735W, and S222
UMTS configuration, BS8800 power consumption is 600W less
than half of conventional macro base station.
Rich Interfaces BS8800 provides E1/T1, STM-1 and GE/FE interfaces for Abis/Iub
connection and supports various transmission networking such as
SDH network, IP networking or splitting transmission.
Flexible Dual- BS8800 meets GSM/UMTS dual mode networking requirements
mode Networking in different scenarios. BS8800 supports GSM900+GSM1800 dual
band networking and zero TCO from 2G to 3G smooth evolution,
which GSM900+UMTS900 can be supported with correspond soft-
ware configuration. BS8800 also supports only GSM in the initial
stage; UMTS 2100M can be supported by adding RU modules. In
this way, GSM/UMTS co-existence can be realized perfectly.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+GSM1800
BS8800 supports 6 RU modules. Supposed that there are
3 RU-900 modules in one cabinet originally, by adding 3
RU-1800, GSM900+GSM1800 can be supported and the
capacity is GSM900 S666 plus GSM1800 S666 in one cabinet.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+UMTS2100
In network evolution, based on the existing GSM900 network,
UMTS2100 network can be constructed by adding RU-2100
modules and corresponding baseband resource. This is the
most economic 2G to 3G evolution step in which main control
module, transmission module and power are shared.
Network upgrade from GSM900/1800 to GSM900/1800+UMT-
S900/1800
BS8800 can support SDR, designed to support UMTS, GSM
or G/U with different software configuration in the same fre-
quency range. So in this network evolution, only need add
UMTS baseband process -board.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 15


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

2.2.3 Technical Indices

2.2.3.1 Physical Indices

Item Indices

Primary cabinet appearance Main cabinet dimension

(Height Width Depth)

950 600 450 mm

Weight/Rack

fully configured less than 150Kg

Auxiliary cabinet appearance Auxiliary cabinet dimension

(Height Width Depth):

700 600 450 mm

Weight/Rack

fully configured less than 130Kg

Color Dark blue

2.2.3.2 Capacity Indices

Item Indices

Maximum UMTS TRX 24CS

Maximum GSM TRX Main cabinet support 36TRX(single RU


support 6TRXfully configured maximum
6 RU, capacity expansion to 60 TRX via
auxiliary cabinet.

Maximum GSM/UMTS GSM 18 TRX + UMTS 4C3S


dual-mode TRX

Maximum Pure tone Uplink960CEDownlink:960CE


channel CE

Maximum cell channel 123

Maximum throughput 216Mbps

16 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

2.2.3.3 Performance Indices

Operation
Frequency Band
Item Indices

Frequency Band GSM: 850M/EGSM/900M/1800M/1900 MHz

UMTS: 850M/900M/1800M/1900M/2100 MHz

Receiver
sensitivity
Item Indices

Receiver sensitivity -113dBm@GSM single antenna

-126.5dBm@UMTS single antenna

-129.2dBm@UMTS double antennas

-131.9dBm@UMTS four antennas

TRX Output Power


Radio Unit Type TOC Output Power

RSU60(GSM) GMSK 80W/8PSK 50W

RSU60(UMTS) 80W

RSU60(G/U) 80W

2.2.3.4 Power Indices

Power
Requirements
Item Indices

Power supply, voltage -48V DC(-57 ~ -40VDC)


range of variation

Power BS8800 GSM Configuration Power Consumption List (UnitW)


Consumption
Station S6/6/6 S12/12/12

Radio
Fre-
Module Average Peak Average Peak
quency
Name

850M/90
1165/120 1265/131 2170/225
RSU60 0M/1800 725/755
5 0 0
M/1900M

BS8800 UMTS Configuration Power Consumption List (UnitW)

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 17


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Sta- S222 S333 S444


S111
tion

Ra-
dio
Mod- Frequ- Ave- Ave- Ave- Ave-
Peak Peak Peak Peak
ule ency rage rage rage rage
Na-
me

850/
RS- 900/ 106 127
605 735 730 905 870 970
U60 1800/ 5 0
1900M

BS8800 G/U Dual-mode Configuration Power Consumption (Unit:


W)

S444(G)+S111(U)

Radio Module Name Average Peak

RSU60 800/845 1185/1230

2.2.3.5 Interface Indices

Interface Item Indices Type

2 pairs(op-
STM-1 SFP (LC)
tional)

16 pairs(8pairs
E1/T1 DB44
optional)

10M/100M/100
0M electrical
Abis/Iub
Auto- RJ45
Negotiation.
Ethernet
Auto-MDI/MDIX

1 1000M optical
SFP (LC)
1 100M optical

0M/100M/1000
M electrical
Cascading,
Debugging
Ethernet Auto- RJ45
or Local
Negotiation.
Maintenance
Auto-MDI/MDIX

Baseband/Ra-
CPRI 12 pairs SFP (LC)
dio

Clock GPS 1 SMA

18 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

2.2.3.6 EMC Indices

Type Item Indice

YD/T 1595.2-2007

ETSI EN 301 489-01 ETSI EN 301


489-23
EMC National/Interna-
Indices tionl Standard ETSI EN 300 386V1.3.2

(CISPR22) Class B

Directive 1999/5/EC (R)

2.2.3.7 Reliability Indices

Item Indices

MTBF 159,000 hours

MTTR 0.5 hours

Availability index: 99.999686%

Down duration <1.653 min/year

2.3 BS8900 GU360 Introduction


2.3.1 Cabinet Appearance

The following types of cabinets can be configured for the BS8900.


BC8910: It is a site support cabinet used to accommodate a
power supply system, a baseband pool unit, a heat exchanger
and transmission equipment.
RC8910: It is an outdoor RF cabinet used to accommodate RF
units.
RC8911: It is an outdoor RF cabinet used to accommodate RF
units and storage batteries.
RC8931: It is an outdoor RF cabinet used to accommodate RF
units and storage batteries.
PC8910: It is a battery cabinet used to accommodate storage
batteries.
The cabinets BC8910, RC8910, RC8911 and PC8910 have the
same appearance and dimensions; while the cabinet RC8931 is
higher than them. Figure 4 shows the appearance of the cabinets
RC8931, BC8910 and RC8911.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 19


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 4 APPEARANCE OF CABINETS

1. RC8931 3. RC8911
2. BC8910

The maximum external dimensions of the cabinets BC8910,


RC8910, RC8911 and PC8910 are: 600 mm (W)600 mm
(D)850 mm (H). The maximum external dimensions of these
cabinets mounted with top and base are: 600 mm (W)640
mm (D)1050 mm (H).
The maximum external dimensions of the RC8931 cabinet are:
350 mm (W)640 mm (D)1700 mm (H). The maximum ex-
ternal demensions of the cabinet with top and base are: 350
mm (W)640 mm (D)1900 mm (H).
You can install and configure the cabinets flexibly according to the
actual capacity on site. The following illustrates some typical con-
figurations and installation layout of the cabinets.

20 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

AC Configuration: FIGURE 5 AC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+RC8911


BC8910+RC8911

1. BC8910
2. RC8911

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 21


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

AC Configuration: FIGURE 6 AC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+RC8911+RC8931


BC8910+RC8911
+RC8931

1. RC8931 3. RC8911
2. BC8910

DC Configuration: It is unnecessary to configure a B121 power supply subrack in the


BC8910+RC8910 BC8910 cabinet when the BS8900 is configured with DC power
supply.

22 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

FIGURE 7 STANDARD DC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+RC8910

1. BC8910 (DC)
2. RC8910

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 23


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

DC Configuration: FIGURE 8 DC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+2RC8910


BC8910+2RC8910

1. BC8910 (DC)
2. RC8910
3. RC8910

24 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

DC Configuration: FIGURE 9 DC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+3RC8910


BC8910+3RC8910

1. BC8910 (DC) 3. RC8910


2. RC8910 4. RC8910

AC Configuration: A BC8910 cabinet, a PC8910 cabinet and several RRUs can be com-
BC8910+PC8910 bined to form a BS8900 base station with remote RF units. Five
+RRU RRUs can be used due to the PDM subrack with the lightning pro-
tection function. The RRUs are connected to the BC8910 cabinet
with fiber optic cables.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 25


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 10 AC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+PC8910+RRU

1. BC8910
2. PC8910
3. RRU

26 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

AC Configuration: FIGURE 11 AC CONFIGURATION: BC8910+RC8910+RC8911+PC8910


BC8910+RC8910
+RC8911+PC8910

1. BC8910 3. PC8910
2. RC8910 4. RC8911

2.3.2 Highlight Feature

BS8900 is one of multi-carrier, multi-mode outdoor macro base


station in ZXSDR BTS series. By applying advanced MicroTCA
platform and SDR technology, BS8900 can directly support
GPRS/EDGE/Enhanced EDGE/UMTS/HSPA and HSPA+ simultane-
ously. Its main advantage is that can be configured to a GERAN
BTS, or a UTRAN Node B, or a G/W dual-mode BTS by software
reconfiguration only and no required to add any hardware.
BS8900 develops a new solution for GSM/UMTS integrated net-
work and network evolution. It not only can be applied in dense ur-
ban, urban, suburban, rural area, highway in outdoor environment
and can fully meet operators requirements in different stages and
scenarios, but also decreases the mobile network construction and
operation cost.
Smooth Evolution BS8900 software and hardware support full-feature EDGE and
UMTS/HSPA and satisfy operatorsfuture needs for data service.
In the future evolution to EDGE+ and HSPA+, only software
upgrade is needed.
The MicroTCA architecture supports up to 10Gbps data through-
put. It enables BS8900 to be also capable for LTE application.
Easy Installation BS8900 is developed based on the ZTE unified MicroTCA platform.
Abis/Iub interfaces based on GE/FE or IPoverE1 are provided. IP
RAN can be conveniently achieved.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 27


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Evolution to IP BS8800 is developed based on the ZTE unified MicroTCA platform.


RAN Abis/Iub interfaces based on GE/FE or IPoverE1 are provided. IP
RAN can be conveniently achieved.
Smooth Expansion Each BS8900 dual-mode Radio Unit has the capability to support 6
GSM TRX or 3 UMTS carriers. If GSM and UMTS are configured at
the same time, each radio unit supports 3 GSM TRX plus 1 UMTS
carrier, or 2 GSM TRX plus 2 UMTS carriers as an example.
Low Power BS8900 apply Doherty, DPD and MCPA technologies to power am-
Consumption plifier module which improve PA efficiency.
With S666 GSM, BS8900 mean power consumption is less than
735W, and S222 UMTS configuration, BS8900 mean power con-
sumption is less than 740W only one third of conventional macro
base station.
Rich Interfaces BS8900 provides E1/T1, STM-1 and GE/FE interfaces for Abis/Iub
connection and supports various transmission networking such as
SDH network, IP networking or splitting transmission.
Flexible Dual- BS8900 meets GSM/UMTS hybrid networking requirements in dif-
mode Networking ferent scenarios. BS8900 supports GSM900+GSM1800 hybrid net-
working and zero TCO from 2G to 3G smooth evolution. It can be
configured only to support GSM in the initial stage; UMTS 2100M
can be supported by adding RU modules. In this way, GSM/UMTS
co-existence can be realized perfectly. Also GSM900+UMTS900
can be supported with correspond software configuration.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+GSM1800
BS8900 supports 6 RU modules. Supposed that there are
3 RU-900 modules in one cabinet originally, by adding 3
RU-1800, GSM900+GSM1800 can be supported and the
capacity is GSM900 S666 plus GSM1800 S666 in one cabinet.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+UMTS2100
In network evolution, based on the existing GSM900 network,
UMTS2100 network can be constructed by adding RU-2100
modules and corresponding baseband resource. This is the
most economic 2G to 3G evolution step in which main control
module, transmission module and power are shared.
Network upgrade from GSM900/1800 to GSM900/1800+UMT-
S900/1800
BS8900 can support SDR, designed to support UMTS, GSM
or G/U with different software configuration in the same fre-
quency range. So in this network evolution, only need add
UMTS baseband process -board.

2.3.3 Technical Indices

2.3.3.1 Physical Indices

BS8900 Basic Structure Physical Indices.

28 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

Name BC8910 PC8910 RC8910 RC8911 RC8931

Dimen- 850*600 850*600 850*600 850*600 1700*35


sion(H* *600 *600 *600 *600 0*600
W*D)

( mm*m-
m*mm)

Weight of 113 52 144 100 97


full con-
figura-
tion with-
out bat-
tery(Kg)

Notes Reserved 2*135AH 6*RU 3*RU+13 3*RU+13


6U inter- 5AH 4AH
nal space,
can be
built-in
BBU,
trans-
mission
equip-
ments
and mi-
crowave
etc.

Different Combination of BS8900.

AC Integra- AC Integra- DC Split Base-


tive Base- tive Base- Station(Stand-
Type
Station(Com- Station(Com- ard-Style)
pact-Style) plete-Style)

BC8910+RC891 BC8910 + BC8910 +


1 RC8911 + RC8910
RC8931

Full Full Full


configuration configuration configuration
Weight
without battery: without battery: without battery:
220Kg 320Kg 235Kg

Dimen- 1700600600 1700950600 1700120060


sion(H*W*D): (mm) (mm) 0(mm)

2.3.3.2 Capacity Indices

Item Indices

Maximum UMTS TRX 24CS

Maximum GSM TRX Support 36TRX single RU support


6TRXfully configured maximum 6 RU.

Maximum GSM/UMTS GSM 18 TRX + UMTS 4C3S


dual-mode TRX

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 29


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Item Indices

Maximum Pure tone channel Uplink: 960CEDownlink: 960CE


CE

Maximum cell channel 123

Maximum throughput 216Mbps

2.3.3.3 Performance Indices

Operation
Frequency Band
Item Indices

Frequency Band GSM: 850M/EGSM/900M/1800M/1900 MHz

UMTS: 850M/900M/1800M/1900M/2100 MHz

Receiver
sensitivity
Item Indices

Receiver sensitivity -113dBm@GSM single antenna

-126.5dBm@UMTS single antenna

-129.2dBm@UMTS double antennas

-131.9dBm@UMTS four antennas

TRX Output Power


Radio Unit Type TOC Output Power

RSU60(GSM) GMSK 80W/8PSK 50W

RSU60(UMTS) 80W

RSU60(G/U) 80W

2.3.3.4 Power Indices

Power
Requirements
Item Indices

Power supply, voltage -48V DC(-57 ~ -40VDC)


range of variation

Battery back-up 2*135AH

30 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

Power BS8900 GSM Configuration Power Consumption List (UnitW)


Consumption
Station S6/6/6 S12/12/12

Radio
Fre-
Module Average Peak Average Peak
quency
Name

850M/90
RSU60 0M/1800 725 1300 1285 2395
M/1900M

BS8900 UMTS Configuration Power Consumption List (UnitW)

Sta- S222 S333 S444


S111
tion

Ra-
dio
Mod- Frequ- Ave- Ave- Ave- Ave-
Peak Peak Peak Peak
ule ency rage rage rage rage
Na-
me

850/
RS- 900/ 100 117 104 134
670 870 870 970
U60 1800/ 5 0 0 0
1900M

BS8800 G/U Dual-mode Configuration Power Consumption (Unit:


W)

S444(G)+S111(U)

Radio Module Name Average Peak

RSU60 800 1320

2.3.3.5 Interface Indices

Interface Item Indices Type

2 pairs(op-
STM-1 SFP (LC)
tional)

16 pairs(8pairs
E1/T1 DB44
optional)

10M/100M/100
0M electrical
Abis/Iub
Auto- RJ45
Negotiation.
Ethernet
Auto-MDI/MDIX

1 1000M optical
SFP (LC)
1 100M optical

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 31


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Interface Item Indices Type

0M/100M/1000
M electrical
Cascading,
Debugging
Ethernet Auto- RJ45
or Local
Negotiation.
Maintenance
Auto-MDI/MDIX

Baseband/Ra-
CPRI 12 pairs SFP (LC)
dio

Clock GPS 1 SMA

2.3.3.6 Battery back-up

RC8931 and RC8911 support 135AH battery, PC8910 supports


2*135AH battery. The actual configuration is flexibly based on
the user needs.

2.3.3.7 Build in Transmission Equipments

19-inch wide 4U high additional space is for the transmission and


other equipments.

2.3.3.8 Environment Indices

Item Indices

Temperature -40~55C(Can work for 2 hours in 55C)

Relative Humidity 5%~100%

Waterproof/Dustproof IP55

5 ;earth resistance can less 10 in


Ground thunderless area which has thunderstorm
days less than 20.

Indoor pack depositing

Storage Temperature: -45C~70C

Relative Humidity:10%~98%

32 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

2.3.3.9 EMC Indices

Type Item Indice

YD/T 1595.2-2007

ETSI EN 301 489-01 ETSI EN 301


489-23
EMC National/Interna-
Indices tionl Standard ETSI EN 300 386V1.3.2

(CISPR22) Class B

Directive 1999/5/EC (R)

2.3.3.10 Reliability Indices

Item Indices

MTBF 159,000 hours

MTTR 0.5 hours

Availability index: 99.999686%

Down duration 1,653 min/year

2.4 BS8906 G060 Introduction


2.4.1 Physical Appearance

BS8906 appearance is shown in Figure 12.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 33


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 12 BS8906 PHYSICAL APPEARANCE

2.4.2 Highlight Feature

BS8906 is one of multi-carrier, multi-mode outdoor micro base


station in ZXSDR BTS series. By applying advanced MicroTCA plat-
form and SDR technology, BS8906 can support GPRS/ EDGE/ En-
hanced EDGE and UMTS/ HSPA /HSPA+ simultaneously by soft-
ware upgrade. BS8906 takes full consideration of the operators
demands and has powerful advantages.
Smooth Evolution Generic BS platform
The BBU adopts a platform based on the future-proof B3G or
4G design. Therefore, different standard systems can exist in
one hardware platform or in one BS. This platform can help
operators simplify operation management and combine many
BSs that are required to be invested into one multi-mode BS.
Besides, the platform helps the operators flexibly select the
evolution trend of the future network and allow the terminal
users experience network transparency and smooth evolution
as well.
Adopts the advanced Micro Telecom Computing Architecture
(MicroTCA)
The MicroTCA adopts the standard template, compact design
and block architecture, which makes the operation more effec-
tive and of higher performance-price ratio.
Compact Design A single BTS can support 6 TRX for GSM.

34 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

High integration, small size and light weight, easy for trans-
portation and installation, thus saving labor cost and engineer-
ing cost.
Maintenance at front and leading-out at the bottom. All fans
and lightning modules can be removed on site.
Flexible installation modes: The whole system supports
ground-mounted, post-mounted and wall-mounted installation
modes.
High Reliability Capability against terrible outdoor environments. It helps op-
erators deploy networks flexibly.
Built-in transmission devices and C-level lightning protection
module to save the operators investment power and accelerate
construction speed.
All-IP Architecture BS8906 is adopting IP switching. Abis interfaces based on GE/FE
or IPoverE1 are provided. IP RAN can be conveniently achieved.
Smooth Expansion Each BS8906 Radio Unit (RSU60) has the capability to support 6
GSM TRX. With external R8860, the maximal capability can be 60
TRX in one site.
Low Power BS8906 apply Doherty, DPD and MCPA technologies to power
Consumption amplifier module which improve PA efficiency.
With S4 GSM configuration, BS8906 power consumption is
300W 900M 305W 1800M less than conventional microbase
station.
Rich Interfaces BS8906 provides E1/T1 and GE/FE interfaces for Abis/Iub connec-
tion and supports various transmission networking such as SDH
network, IP networking or splitting transmission.
Flexible Dual- BS8906 meets GSM/UMTS hybrid networking requirements in
mode Networking different scenarios. With external R8860, BS8906 can supports
GSM900+GSM1800 hybrid networking. Also GSM900+UMTS900
can be supported with correspond software upgrade.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+GSM1800
BS8906 supports 1 RSU60 modules. By adding 2 R8860 GU906
and 3 R8860 GU186, GSM900+GSM1800 can be supported and
the capacity is GSM900 S666 plus GSM1800 S666.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+UMTS900
BS8906 can support SDR, designed to support UMTS, GSM
or G/U with different software configuration in the same fre-
quency range. So in this network evolution, only need to up-
grade software and add UMTS baseband process -board.
Network upgrade from GSM900 to GSM900+UMTS2100
In network evolution, based on the existing GSM900 network,
UMTS2100 network can be constructed by adding R8840 and
corresponding baseband resource and software upgrade. This
is the most economic 2G to 3G evolution step in which main
control module, transmission module and power are shared.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 35


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

2.4.3 Technical Indices

2.4.3.1 Physical Indices

Item Indices

650 320 480 (mm)


Dimension (Height * Width *
Depth)
650 210 480 (mm) (single BBU)

full configuration is less than 52Kg


Weight/Rack
single BBU configuration is less than
33Kg

Color Gray

2.4.3.2 Capacity Indices

A single micro BS with two external RRUs supports S111 (60w per
TRX) ~ S666 (10w per TRX) in GSM.

Item Indices

Maximum GSM TRX (BBU) 60TRX

Maximum GSM Carriers 6 TRX


(RSU60)

2.4.3.3 Performance Indices

Operation
Frequency Band
Item Indices

Frequency Band GSM: EGSM/900/1800 MHz

Receiver
sensitivity
Item Indices

Receiver sensitivity -113dBm@GSM single antenna

TRX Output Power


Radio Unit
PA Output Power TOC Output Power
Type

GSM GMSK 83W/ 8PSK 60W GMSK 80W/8PSK 50W

36 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 2 Different Types of SDR BTS

2.4.3.4 Power Indices

Power
Requirements
Item Indices

DC: -48 V; voltage fluctuation range: -37 V to


Power supply, -60 V
voltage range of
variation AC: 100-240 V; voltage fluctuation range: 90-290
V

Power Power Consumption List (-48 V DC Power Supply 20C Operating


Consumption temperature).

Typical Average
Frequency Peak Value
Configuration Value

900MHz 4TRX 300W 445W

1800MHz 4TRX 305W 460W

Power Consumption List (220 V ACPower Supply 20C Operating


temperature)

Typical Average
Frequency Peak Value
Configuration Value

900MHz 4TRX 330W 495W

1800MHz 4TRX 340W 510W

2.4.3.5 Envirnoment Indices

Item Requirement

Operating
-40C to +50C
temperature

Operating humidity 5%RH to 95%RH

2.4.3.6 Interface Indices

Interface Item Indices Type

E1/T1 8 pairs DB44

10M/100M/100
0M electrical

Auto- RJ45
Abis Negotiation.
Ethernet
Auto-MDI/MDIX

1 1000M optical
SFP (LC)
1 100M optical

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 37


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Interface Item Indices Type

Baseband/Ra-
CPRI 12 pairs SFP (LC)
dio

Electrical
AISG 1 Iuant
Antenna

Antenna Feeder ANT 2 DIN

Clock GPS 1 SMA

Environment Dry contact 2 input &


Monitoring outputs
Interface DB25
6 inputs

2.4.3.7 Reliability Indices

Item Indices

MTBF 126,000 hours

MTTR 0.5 hours

Availability index 99.999603%

Down duration 2.086min/year

2.4.3.8 EMC Indices

Type Item Indice

YD/T 1595.2-2007

ETSI EN 301 489-01 ETSI EN 301


489-23
EMC National/Interna-
Indices tionl Standard ETSI EN 300 386V1.3.2

(CISPR22) Class B

Directive 1999/5/EC (R)

38 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 SDR Boards
After you have completed this chapter, you will know:
>> Base band unit boards
>> Radio unit board

3.1 Base Band Unit


Baseband unit is responsible for processing the baseband signals,
which is illustrated in

FIGURE 13 BASEBAND UNIT STRUCTURE

The Baseband unit consists of control & clock board, fabric switch
board, baseband processing board, site alarm board (optional),
power module, and fan module.
Description of Baseband unit boards is shown in Table 2.

TABLE 2 MAIN BOARD LIST OF BASEBAND UNIT

Board Description

CC Control & Clock Board

FS Fabric Switch Board

UBPG Universal Baseband Processing Board for GSM

SA Site Alarm Board

PM Power Module

FAM FAN Module

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 39


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

3.1.1 CC

3.1.1.1 CC Functions

CC provides the following functions:


GPS system clock and RF reference clock
Abis/Iub interface function
Ethernet switch function, providing switch plane for signaling
stream and media stream
Rack management

3.1.1.2 CC Panel

Figure 14 shows the appearance of CC panel.

FIGURE 14 CC PANEL

3.1.1.3 CC Indicators

Table 3 describes the indicators on CC panel.

TABLE 3 CC INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Col- Meaning Description


or

HS Blue Plugging/Unplug- On: The board can be


ging indicator unplugged.
Flashing: The board is being
activated or deactivated.
Off: The board cannot be
unplugged.

RUN Gre- Running indicator Always on: The board is in reset


en state.
Flashing at 1Hz: The board is
normally running.
Off: Self test fails.

ALM Red Alarm indicator On: The board has an alarm.


Off: The board has no alarm.

40 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 SDR Boards

LED Col- Meaning Description


or

E0S Gre- E1/T1 status Alternate flash for different


en indicator (link 03) links; the max 4 flashes per
second; flashing at frequency of
5 Hz.
The first second: one flash
means Link 0 is normal and OFF
means Link 0 is not in use.
The third second: two flashes
means Link 1 is normal and OFF
means Link 1 is not in use.
The fifth second: three flashes
means Link 2 is normal and OFF
means Link 2 is not in use.
The seventh second: four
flashes means Link 3 is normal
and OFF means Link 3 is not in
use.
Recycle. Each cycle lasts for
eight seconds.

E1S Gre- E1/T1 status Ditto


en indicator (link 47)

E2S Gre- E1/T1 status Ditto


en indicator (link
811)

E3S Gre- E1/T1 status Ditto


en indicator (link
1215)

MS Gre- Active/Standby On: The board is in active


en status indicator status.
Off: The board is in standby
status.

REF Gre- GPS antenna state Always on: The antenna feeder
en or 2 MHz state, is normal.
connection state Always off: The antenna feeder
of SMA Interface and satellite are normal, in
on corresponding initialization state.
panel GPS
Slow Flash (flashing at 1 Hz)):
The antenna feeder is broken.
Fast Flash (flashing at 2 Hz):
The antenna feeder is normal
but cannot receive satellite
signal.
Slowest Flash (flashing at 0.5
Hz): Antenna short circuit
Quickest Flash (flashing at 5
Hz): No message is received at
the initialization stage.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 41


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

LED Col- Meaning Description


or

ETH0 Gre- ABIS/Iub interface On: Physical link of ABIS/Iub


en link state network interface (optical or
electrical) is normal.
Off: Physical link of ABIS/Iub
network interface is broken.

ETH1 Gre- Link state of ETH1 On: Physical link of network


en network interface interface is normal.
Off: Physical link of network
interface is broken.

3.1.1.4 CC Buttons

Table 4 describes the buttons on CC panel.

TABLE 4 CC BUTTONS

Button Description

M/S For active and standby switchover

RST To reset the CC

3.1.1.5 CC Interfaces

Table 5 describes the interfaces on CC module panel.

TABLE 5 INTERFACES ON CC MODULE PANEL

Interface Description

ETH0 Used for Ethernet interface connection between BBU


and BSC/RNC. This interface is either Ethernet optical
interface or electrical interface. (10M/100M/1000M
self-adaptive)

ETH1 Used for BBU cascade, debugging, or local


maintenance. Ethernet electrical interface
(10M/100M/1000M self-adaptive)

EXT External communication port, connected to external


receiver, (mainly 485, PP1S+/2M+ interface)

REF Connected to GPS antenna, SMA (F) interface

3.1.1.6 CC Indices

Table 6 lists the specifications of CC indices.

42 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 6 CC INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 148.8 mm 19.0 mm 181.5


mm (HWD)

Weight 0.5 Kg

Power consumption 25 W

Hot swap Yes

3.1.2 UBPG

3.1.2.1 UBPG Functions

uBPG provides the following functions:


Baseband modulation: handles 12 carriers on downlink at
maximum
Baseband modulation: handles 12 carrier on uplink at maxi-
mum
Supports baseband frequency hopping
Supports static and dynamic power control

3.1.2.2 UBPG Panel

Figure 15 shows the appearance of UBPG panel.

FIGURE 15 UBPG PANEL

3.1.2.3 UBPG Indicators

Table 7 describes the indicators on UBPG panel.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 43


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 7 UBPG INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

HS Blue Plugging/Un- On: The


plugging indica- board can be
tor unplugged.
Flashing: The
board is being
activated or
deactivated.
Off: The board
cannot be
unplugged.

RUN Green Running Always on: The


indicator board is in reset
state.
Flashing at
1 Hz: The
board is running
normally.
Off: Board self
test fails.

ALM Red Alarm indicator On: The board


has an alarm.
Off: The board
has no alarm.

3.1.2.4 UBPG Buttons

Table 8 describes the buttons on UBPG panel.

TABLE 8 UBPG BUTTONS

Button Description

RST To reset the UBPG

3.1.2.5 UBPG Interfaces

Table 9 describes the interfaces on UBPG panel.

TABLE 9 UBPG INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Interface Description

TX0 RX0 ~ TX2 RX2 Reserved for future use

3.1.2.6 UBPG Indices

Table 10 lists the specifications of UBPG indices.

44 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 10 UBPG INDEX DESCRIPTION

Indicator Specification

Dimension 148.8 mm 19.0 mm 181.5 mm


(HWD)

Weight 0.5 Kg

Power consumption 20 W

Hot swap Yes

3.1.3 BPC

3.1.3.1 BPC Functions

BPC provides the following functions:


Coding/multiplexing, rate matching, channel mapping, spec-
trum spreading and scrambling, power weight and channel
synthesis for downlink data
Rake receiving and channel decoding for uplink data, transmis-
sion of uplink data to Iub interface
Supporting radio link synchronization and transmission-frame
processing
Power control
Soft switch
Measurement

3.1.3.2 BPC Panel

Figure 16 shows the appearance of BPC panel.

FIGURE 16 BPC PANEL

3.1.3.3 BPC Indicators

Table 11 describes the indicators on BPC panel.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 45


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 11 BPC INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

HS Blue Plugging/Un- On: The


plugging indica- board can be
tor unplugged.
Flashing: The
board is being
activated or
deactivated.
Off: The board
cannot be
unplugged.

RUN Green Running Always On: The


indicator board is in reset
state.
Flashing at
1 Hz: The
board is running
normally.
Off: Board self
test fails.

ALM Red Alarm indicator On: The board


has an alarm.
Off: The board
has no alarm.

3.1.3.4 BPC Buttons

Table 12 describes the buttons on BPC panel.

TABLE 12 BPC BUTTONS

Button Description

RST To reset the BPC

3.1.3.5 BPC Interfaces

None

3.1.3.6 BPC Indices

Table 13 lists the specifications of BPC indices.

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 13 BPC INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 148.8 mm 19.0 mm 181.5


mm (HWH)

Weight 0.5 Kg

Power consumption 40 W

Hot swap Yes

3.1.4 FS

3.1.4.1 FS Functions

FS provides the following functions:


Baseband IQ data exchange
Providing the interface between BBU and RRU

3.1.4.2 FS Panel

Figure 17 shows the appearance of FS panel.

FIGURE 17 FS PANEL

3.1.4.3 FS Indicators

Table 14 describes the indicators on FS panel.

TABLE 14 FS INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

HS Blue Plugging/Un- On: The


plugging indica- board can be
tor unplugged.
Flashing: The
board is being
activated or
deactivated.
Off: The board
cannot be
unplugged.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 47


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

LED Color Meaning Description

RUN Green Running Always on: The


indicator board is in reset
state.
Flashing at
1 Hz: The
board is running
normally.
Off: Self test
fails.

ALM Red Alarm indicator On: The board


has an alarm.
Off: The board
has no alarm.

CST - CPU status For possible


indicator future use

SCS - Clock indicator For possible


future use

FLS - Forward link For possible


indicator future use

RLS - Reverse link For possible


indicator future use

3.1.4.4 FS Buttons

Table 15 describes the buttons on FS panel.

TABLE 15 FS BUTTONS

Button Description

RST To reset the FS

3.1.4.5 FS Interfaces

Table 16 describes the interfaces on FS panel.

TABLE 16 FS INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Interface Description

TX0 RX0 ~ TX5 RX5 Optical interface for connecting


RRU

3.1.4.6 FS Indices

Table 17 lists the specifications of FS indices.

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 17 FS INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 148.8 mm 19.0 mm 181.5 mm


(HWD)

Weight 0.5 Kg

Power consumption 15 W

Hot swap Yes

3.1.5 SA

3.1.5.1 SA Functions

SA provides the following functions:


Alarm monitor and rev control of no more than 9 fans
Signal monitor and interface lightning protection for the rack
Providing 6 input dry contact interfaces, 2 input/output dry
contact interfaces
Providing 8 lines of E1/T1 interfaces

3.1.5.2 SA Panel

Figure 18 shows the appearance of SA panel.

FIGURE 18 SA PANEL

3.1.5.3 SA Indicators

Table 18 describes the indicators on SA panel.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 18 SA INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

HS Blue Plugging/Un- On: The


plugging indica- board can be
tor unplugged.
Flashing: The
board is being
activated or
deactivated.
Off: The board
cannot be
unplugged.

RUN Green Running Always on: The


indicator board is in reset
state.
Flashing at
1 Hz: The
board is running
normally.
Off: Self check
fails.

ALM Red Alarm indicator On: There is


an alarm on the
board.
Off: There is
no alarm on the
board.

3.1.5.4 SA Buttons

Table 19 describes the buttons on SA panel.

TABLE 19 SA BUTTONS

Button Description

RST To reset the SA

3.1.5.5 SA Interfaces

Table 20 describes the interfaces on SA panel.

TABLE 20 SA INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Interface Description

8 lines of E1/T1 interface, RS485/232 interface, 6+2


dry contact interfaces (6 input lines, 2 bi-directional
lines)

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

3.1.5.6 SA Jumpers

Note:
For each jumpered position, 0 stands for open circuit, and 1 stands
for short circuit.

Jumpers (X5 and X6) on SA are configurable. X5 is used to set


E1/T1 transmission mode. X6 is used to set cabinet number in
BBU cascade state. Location of X5 and X6 is shown in Figure 19.
For X5/X6 in Figure 19, LSB (least significant bit) position is on
the left side, and MSB (most significant bit) position is on the right
side.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 19 LOCATION OF X5 AND X6 ON SA

X5 sets the circuit transmission mode for ABIS/Iub interface, which


includes uplink/downlink working mode, matched impedance, and
matching E1/T1 with long-line/short-line.
E1/T1 mode and transmission impedance are set with the two LSB
positions of X5. Configuration of X5 LSB positions is shown in Table
21.

TABLE 21 TWO LSB POSITIONS OF X5

X5 Jumpered Position [1, 0] E1/T1 Mode

[short circuit, short circuit] Reserved

[short circuit, open circuit] T1, 100

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

X5 Jumpered Position [1, 0] E1/T1 Mode

[open circuit, short circuit] E1, 120

[open circuit, open circuit] E1, 75 by default

Long-line/short-line mode for E1/T1 uplink/downlink is set with the


two MSB positions of X5.
Uplink and downlink employ different transmission directions. Up-
link direction is from BBU to BSC/RNC; downlink direction from
BSC/RNC to BBU.
Long-line/short-line refers to E1 receiving mode. Long-line is used
when E1 transmission line is longer than 1 km. Short-line is used
when E1 transmission line is short.
Configuration of X5 MSB positions is shown in Table 22.

TABLE 22 TWO MSB POSITIONS OF X5

X5 Jumpered Position [3, 2] Mode

[open circuit, open circuit] Short-line for uplink and downlink

[short circuit, short circuit] Long-line for uplink and downlink

[open circuit, short circuit] Short-line for uplink and long-line


for downlink

[short circuit, open circuit] Long-line for uplink and short-line


for downlink

X6 is used to set cabinet number in BBU cascade state. Maximum


cascaded BBU quantity is eight. The circuit state for X6 position
is 000-111 (default state is 000). Configuration of X6 jumpered
positions is shown in Table 23.

TABLE 23 X6 JUMPERED POSITIONS

X6 Jumpered Position [2,1,0] BBU Cabinet Number

[open circuit, open circuit, open 0


circuit]

[open circuit, open circuit, short 1


circuit]

[open circuit, short circuit, open 2


circuit]

[open circuit, short circuit, short 3


circuit]

[short circuit, open circuit, open 4


circuit]

[short circuit, open circuit, short 5


circuit]

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

X6 Jumpered Position [2,1,0] BBU Cabinet Number

[short circuit, short circuit, open 6


circuit]

[short circuit, short circuit, short 7


circuit]

3.1.5.7 SA Indices

Table 24 lists the specifications of SA indices.

TABLE 24 SA INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 73.8 mm 19.0 mm 181.5 mm


(HWD)

Weight 0.25 Kg

Power consumption 1 W

Hot swap Yes

3.1.6 SE

3.1.6.1 SE Functions

SE panel provides the following functions:


Responsible for monitoring the signals of the shelf and interface
lightning protection.
Provides 6 input dry contact interfaces, and 2 input/output dry
contact interfaces.
Provides 8 channels of E1/T1 interfaces.

3.1.6.2 SE Panel

Figure 20 shows SE panel.

FIGURE 20 SE PANEL

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

3.1.6.3 SE Indicators

Table 25 describes the indicators on SE panel.

TABLE 25 SE INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

HS Blue Plugging/Un- On: The


plugging indica- board can be
tor unplugged.
Flashing: The
board is being
activated or
deactivated.
Off: The board
cannot be
unplugged.

RUN Green Running Always on: The


indicator board is in reset
state.
Flashing at
1 Hz: The
board is running
normally.
Off: Self test
fails.

ALM Red Alarm indicator On: The board


has an alarm.
Off: The board
has no alarm.

3.1.6.4 SE Interfaces

Table 26 describes the interfaces on SE panel.

TABLE 26 SE INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Interface Description

- 8 lines of E1/T1 interface,


RS485/232 interface, 6+2 dry
contact interfaces (6 input lines, 2
di-directional lines)

3.1.6.5 SE Indices

Table 27 lists the specifications of PM indices.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 27 SE INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 73.8 mm 19.0 mm 181.5 mm


(HWD)

Weight 0.2 Kg

Power consumption 1 W

Hot swap Yes

3.1.7 PM

3.1.7.1 PM Functions

PM provides the following functions:


16 internal interfaces for +12 V load power
16 internal interfaces for +3.3 V management power
EMMC management
Measurement and protection of input over-voltage and under-
voltage
Output over-current protection and load power management

3.1.7.2 PM Panel

Figure 21 shows the appearance of PM panel.

FIGURE 21 PM PANEL

3.1.7.3 PM Indicators

Table 28 describes the indicators on PM panel.

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 28 PM INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

RUN Green Running Always on: The board is in


indicator reset state.
Flashing at 1 Hz: The board
is running normally.
Off: Self test fails.

ALM Red Alarm On: The board has an alarm.


indicator Off: The board has no alarm.

HS Blue Plugging/Un- On: The board can be


plugging indi- unplugged.
cator Flashing: The board is being
activated or deactivated.
Off: The board cannot be
unplugged.

3.1.7.4 PM Interfaces

Table 29 describes the interfaces on PM panel.

TABLE 29 PM INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Name Description

MON Debugging interface, RS232 serial


port

-48V/-48VRTN -48 V input interface

3.1.7.5 PM Indices

Table 30 lists the specifications of PM indices.

TABLE 30 PM INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 73.8 mm 29.0 mm 181.5 mm


(HWD)

Weight 0.5 Kg

Power Consumption 40 W

Hot swap Yes

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

3.1.8 FA

3.1.8.1 FA Functions

FA provides the following functions:


System temperature monitoring and control
Monitoring, control, and report of fan state

3.1.8.2 FA Panel

Figure 22 shows the appearance of FA panel.

FIGURE 22 FA PANEL

3.1.8.3 FA Indicators

Table 31 describes the indicators on FA panel.

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 31 FA INDICATOR DESCRIPTION

LED Color Meaning Description

RUN Green Running Always on: The board is


indicator in reset state.
Flashing at 1 Hz: The
board is in running state.
Off: Self test fails.

ALM Red Alarm On: The board has an


indicator alarm.
Off: The board has no
alarm.

3.1.8.4 FA Indices

Table 32 lists the specifications of FA indices.

TABLE 32 FA INDEX DESCRIPTION

Index Specification

Dimension 84 mm 42 mm 186.7 mm
(HWD)

Weight 0.5 Kg

Power consumption 36 W

Hot swap Yes

3.2 Radio Unit


3.2.1 RSU60

3.2.1.1 RSU60 Functions

RSU60 is multi-band RF module, including duplex filter, multi-band


amplifier, transceiver board, interface protection board, and power
supply. One RSU60 supports a maximum of 6 carriers and 80W
(GMSK) power output.
It mainly implements the following functions:
Communication with base-band frame;
Middle-frequency and radio frequency processing at base sta-
tion;
Support local and remote operation & maintenance;
Clock synchronization.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

3.2.1.2 RSU60 Panel

RSU60 is shown in Figure 23.

FIGURE 23 RSU60 PANEL

3.2.1.3 RSU60 Indicators

For information about RSU60 indicators, refer to Table 33.

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Chapter 3 SDR Boards

TABLE 33 RSU60 INDICATORS DESCRIPTION

Name Color Meaning Remarks

RUN Green Running Normal ON: RSU60 is in resetting or


Indicator starting status
Flash in 1Hz: normal RSU60 status
Flash in 5Hz: downloading version
OFF: self-test failure

ALM Red Alarm OFF: indicates normal operation or


Indicator resetting, starting, or downloading
version
Flash in 5Hz: critical or severe alarm
Flash in 1Hz: normal or minor alarm

LINK Green Optical Normal ON: normal fiber connection


link OFF: disconnected fiber
indicator
Flash in 5Hz: consider this link
as clock reference source, and
phase-locked loop in fast capture
status
Flash in 0.25Hz: consider this link
as clock reference source, and
phase-locked loop in trace status

RF Orange RF OFF: without RF output


working ON: with RF output
status
indicator

3.2.1.4 RSU60 Interfaces

For information about RSU60 interface, refer to Table 34.

TABLE 34 DESCRIPTION OF RSU60 INTERFACES

Interface Entity at end Entity at end B Remarks


Name A

ANT1(TX/RX) RSU60 Rx/Tx Antenna Connected with


Rx/Tx antenna
in primary
Rx/Tx channel

ANT2(RX) RSU60 Rx Antenna Connected with


Rx diversity
channel

Rx out RSU60 RSU60 with Output


extended interface of
frequency frequency
extension,
output primary
Rx signal

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Interface Entity at end Entity at end B Remarks


Name A

Rx in RSU60 with RSU60 Input interface


extended of frequency
frequency extension, input
diversity Rx
signal

TX1 RX1 RSU60 BBU or upper Optical CRPI


cascading interface
RSU60 connection for
upper RSU60
cascaded with
BBU

TX2 RX2 RSU60 Lower Optical CRPI


cascading interface
RSU60 connection for
lower RSU60
DBG RSU60 PC and tester Commissioning
cascaded with
(test-purpose network
BBU
boards) interface and
test interface

RST - - Hard Reset


Button

MON RSU60 External device Provides 4-way


dry contacts as
input interface
and RS485
environment
monitoring
interface

AISG RSU60 Antenna Feeder Connect with


AISG interface
of antenna
feeder

POWER RSU60 Front RF power in -48VDC input


Panel power subrack power interface

3.2.1.5 RSU60 Indices

For information about RSU60 indices, refer to Table 35.

TABLE 35 DESCRIPTION OF RSU60 INDICES

Name Dimension Weight Power Does


(mm) (kg) Consump- support
tion (W) hot
swapping

RSU60 482.6 (H) =<13 =<420 Yes


X 88 (W) X
360 (D)

62 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 4 SDR Principles
After you have completed this chapter, you will know:
>> Hardware Architecture
>> Software Architecture
>> Signal Flow
>> Interface and Protocol

4.1 Hardware Architecture


According to the system logic structure, SDR is divided into two
parts:
Base Band Unit (BBU)
Radio Unit (RU)
BBU and RU are connected by optical fiber, transferring baseband
IQ data and OAM signaling. Figure 24 shows the system structure
of SDR.

FIGURE 24 BS8800 SYSTEM STRUCTURE

4.2 Software Architecture


The software system of SDR can be divided into operating support
layer and application layer, as shown in Figure 25.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 25 SDR SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE

The operating support layer provides the functions of OSS, OAM,


DBS, BRS, BRACS, and SCS to serve to different BTS mode.
OAM (Operating And Maintenance) is to provide the configura-
tion, alarm and performance measurement function.
DBS (Data Base Sub-system) is the database system.
BRS (Barrier Sub-system) is for protocol stack processing.
BRACS (Barrier Access Control Sub-system) is to control the
access to bear layer.
SCS (System Control Sub-system) is to control the power sup-
plying and active/standby switching.
OSS (Operation Support Sub-system) is the support layer in this
entire framework, which is a hardware irrespective platform for
running software and provides basic functions like scheduling,
timer, memory management, communication, sequencing control,
monitoring, alarming and logging.
BSP (Board Support Package) supports the information routing to
the GSM and public parts in the application layer.
VxWorks is the operation platform communication to the hardware
components.

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Chapter 4 SDR Principles

4.3 Signal Flow


4.3.1 System Service Signal Flow

Figure 26 shows the service data flow.

FIGURE 26 SERVICE DATA FLOW

Downlink direction: The service data from BSC/RNC enters


BBU through CC or SA. Abis/Iub interface IP protocol termi-
nation and NAT conversion are implemented at CC. The data
is then converted to internal IP datagram and transmitted to
baseband board (UBPG/BPC) through the Gigabit Ethernet
(GE). The baseband board performs modulation, multiplexing,
and rate adaptation for the internal IP datagram, and trans-
mits it to the IQ switching unit of FS. Then, on the IQ switching
unit of FS, de-multiplexing, interleaving, frame forming, and
parallel-serial conversion are implemented. Finally, the inter-
nal IP datagram is distributed to RU through the baseband-RF
interface (optical interface).

Note:
If Abis/Iub interface adopts E1/T1 interface, then signal trans-
ferring and protection are implemented through the SA board.
If Abis/Iub interface adopts GE interface, then connect with the
CC board directly.

Uplink direction: The IQ switching unit of FS receives base-


band signals from RU, performs de-multiplexing for them, and
then transmits them to baseband board through high-speed
serial signals. The baseband board then performs demodula-
tion for them to get the original service signals. These signals
are packaged into Ethernet frames, transmitted to the switch-
ing center through GE, and processed according to Abis/Iub
interface transmission protocols on the CC board. Finally, they
are transmitted to BSC/RNC through E1/T1/GE.

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 65


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

4.3.2 System Control Signal Flow

The CC board implements the main control function. The control


signal is distributed to all other boards through CC board. Figure
27 shows the control signal flow.

FIGURE 27 CONTROL SIGNAL FLOW

4.3.3 System Clock Signal Flow

The system clock is distributed to all other boards through CC


board, and is distributed to RU through the optical interface. Figure
28 shows the clock distribution.

FIGURE 28 CLOCK DISTRIBUTION

In Figure 28, the clock reference of CC board is from GPS network.


The clock reference of CC board can be: GPS output clock refer-
ence, Abis/Iub E1/T1 synchronous upper-level clock, or the input
BITS reference clock of CC's front panel. Select different clock
sources according to specific application scenarios.

4.4 Interface and Protocol


System protocol interfaces are shown in Figure 29

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Chapter 4 SDR Principles

FIGURE 29 SYSTEM PROTOCOL INTERFACES

Table 36 describes these interfaces.

TABLE 36 INTERFACE DESCRIPTIONS

Interface Position Function

Abis Between BTS and Communicating with BSC


BSC

Um Between MS and Air interface


BTS

Baseband-RF Between baseband Connecting baseband unit and


interface unit and radio unit radio unit

Iub Between Node B Communicating with RNC


and RNC

Uu Between UE and Air interface


Node B

4.4.1 Abis interface

Abis interface is between BTS and BSC.


Interface Abis interface supports all services provided to users, and supports
Functions signaling transmitting and connection function. It especially sup-
ports radio resource management including BTS radio equipment
control and allocation.
Interface Abis interface supports the following physical interfaces:
Realization
Gigabit Ethernet (GE) interface
Abis interface supports GE optical interface or GE RJ45 inter-
face. In this case, BTS and BSC are connected through optical

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION 67


ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

fiber or Ethernet cable. The network port of BTS and BSC is GE


interface with 1000 MHz bandwidth, and it self-adapts various
rates of 10 Mbps/100 Mbps/1000 Mbps.
E1/T1 interface
When Abis interface adopts E1/T1 interface, BTS and BSC are
connected through a single E1 cable of 2.048 MHz bandwidth
or a single T1 coaxial cable of 1.544 MHz bandwidth.
Protocol Hierarchy The following introduces user plane protocols and control plane
protocols respectively.
Control plane protocol
i. Under the Ethernet transmission mode, the control plane
protocol stack of Abis interface is shown in Figure 30.

FIGURE 30 CONTROL PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF ABIS INTERFACE


ETHERNET

When Abis interface adopts Ethernet cable, the control


plane message is carried by SCTP protocol and encapsu-
lated into IP message. The data link layer adopts standard
Ethernet MAC frame.
ii. Under the E1 transmission mode, the control plane protocol
stack of Abis interface is shown in Figure 31.

FIGURE 31 CONTROL PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF ABIS INTERFACE


E1

When Abis interface adopts E1 cable, the control plane


message is carried by SCTP protocol and encapsulated into
IP message. The data link layer adopts Point-to-Point Pro-
tocol (PPP), and the IP message is carried by Internet Pro-
tocol Control Protocol (IPCP) of PPP family. Multiple E1s can
be combined to form the Multilink-PPP group to increase
the bandwidth. The bottom layer adopts High Level Data
Link Control (HDLC) to form the frame, converts the byte
stream to bit stream and transmits it on physical media.
User plane protocol

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Chapter 4 SDR Principles

i. Under the Ethernet transmission mode, the user plane pro-


tocol stack of Abis interface is shown in Figure 32.

FIGURE 32 USER PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF ABIS INTERFACE


ETHERNET

The user plane message is carried by RTP protocol and en-


capsulated into standard IP message. The data link layer
adopts standard Ethernet MAC frame.
ii. Under the E1/T1 transmission mode, the user plane proto-
col stack of Abis interface is shown in Figure 33.

FIGURE 33 USER PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF ABIS INTERFACE E1

The user plane message is carried by RTP protocol and en-


capsulated into IP message. The data link layer adopts PPP,
and the IP message is carried by IPCP of PPP family. Mul-
tiple E1s can be combined to form the Multilink-PPP group
to increase the bandwidth. The bottom layer adopts HDLC
to form the frame, converts the byte stream to bit stream
and transmits it on physical media.

4.4.2 Um Interface

Um interface is between BTS and MS.


Interface In PLMN, MS connects fixed part of the network through a radio
Functions channel to enable subscribers to access communication services.
To interconnect MS and BTS, a series of standards are set up for
signal transmission over the radio channel, which is the Um inter-
face.
Protocol Hierarchy Um interface is designed with a hierarchical model. Figure 34
shows the hierarchical model of circuit service protocols.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 34 CIRCUIT SERVICE PROTOCOL HIERARCHY OF UM INTERFACE

On Um interface, circuit service protocols fall into the following


three layers:
1. Layer1 (bottom) is the physical layer. It consists of various
channels and provides the basic radio channels for upper-level
message transmission.
2. Layer2 (middle) is the data link layer. It adopts Link Access
Protocol on Dm Channel (LAPDm). It comprises various data
transmission structures and controls data transmission.
3. Layer3 (top) is the highest layer. It comprises various mes-
sages and programs and provides service control. Layer 3 con-
sists of the following three sub-layers:
Radio-Resource management (RR)
Mobility Management (MM)
Connection Management (CM)
Figure 35 shows the hierarchical model of packet service protocols,
which is implemented at BSC side.

FIGURE 35 PACKET SERVICE PROTOCOL STACK HIERARCHY OF UM


INTERFACE

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Chapter 4 SDR Principles

Relevant protocols GSM 04.03: It describes the channel structure and access ca-
of Um interface pability of Um interface.
GSM 04.04: It specifies the physical layer structure of Um in-
terface.
GSM 04.05: It specifies the data link layer protocol of Um in-
terface.
GSM 04.08: It specifies the layer-3 protocol of Um interface.
Interface The air interface Um is realized through antenna feeder subsystem
Realization of the base station, including feeders and antennas.

4.4.3 Iub Interface

Iub interface is between Node B and RNC.


Interface Iub interface performs the following functions:
Functions
Transmission resource management
Maintenance management
O&M transmission
System information management
Common channel resource management
Dedicated channel resource management
Downlink shared channel resource management
Timing and synchronization management
Interface Iub interface supports the following physical interfaces:
Realization
Gigabit Ethernet (GE) interface
Iub interface supports GE optical interface or GE RJ45 inter-
face. In this case, Node B and RNC are connected through opti-
cal fiber or Ethernet cable. The network port of Node B and RNC
is GE interface with 1000 MHz bandwidth, and it self-adapts
various rates of 10 Mbps/100 Mbps/1000 Mbps.
E1/T1 interface
When Iub interface adopts E1/T1 interface, Node B and RNC
are connected through a single E1 cable of 2.048 MHz band-
width or a single T1 coaxial cable of 1.544 MHz bandwidth.
Protocol Hierarchy The following introduces user plane protocols and control plane
protocols respectively.
Control plane protocol
i. Under the Ethernet transmission mode, the control plane
protocol stack of Iub interface is shown in Figure 36.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 36 CONTROL PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF IUB INTERFACE


ETHERNET

When Iub interface adopts Ethernet cable, the NBAP sig-


naling is carried by SCTP protocol and encapsulated into
IP message. The data link layer adopts standard Ethernet
MAC frame.
ii. Under the E1 transmission mode, the control plane protocol
stack of Iub interface is shown in Figure 37.

FIGURE 37 CONTROL PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF IUB INTERFACE


E1

When Iub interface adopts E1 cable, the NBAP signaling


is carried by SCTP protocol and encapsulated into IP mes-
sage. The data link layer adopts PPP, and the IP message is
carried by IPCP of PPP family. Multiple E1s can be combined
to form the Multilink-PPP group to increase the bandwidth.
The bottom layer adopts HDLC to form the frame, converts
the byte stream to bit stream and transmits it on physical
media.
User plane protocol
i. Under the Ethernet transmission mode, the user plane pro-
tocol stack of Iub interface is shown in Figure 38.

FIGURE 38 USER PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF IUB INTERFACE


ETHERNET

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Chapter 4 SDR Principles

The user plane FP frame is carried by UDP protocol and


encapsulated into standard IP message. The data link layer
adopts standard Ethernet MAC frame.
ii. Under the E1/T1 transmission mode, the user plane proto-
col stack of Iub interface is shown in Figure 39.

FIGURE 39 USER PLANE PROTOCOL STACK OF IUB INTERFACE E1

The user plane FP frame is carried by UDP protocol and


encapsulated into standard IP message. The data link layer
adopts PPP, and the IP message is carried by IPCP of PPP
family. Multiple E1s can be combined to form the Multilink-
PPP group to increase the bandwidth. The bottom layer
adopts HDLC to form the frame, converts the byte stream
to bit stream and transmits it on physical media.

4.4.4 Uu interface

Uu interface is air interface. The information exchange at Uu in-


terface is implemented through the antenna feeder subsystem of
Node B, including feeders and antennas.
The System performs the following functions at Uu interface.
Broadcasting, paging, and establishing radio connection with
UE.
Handover decision and execution, power control decision and
execution.
Radio resource management and control.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

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74 Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION


Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8
800 as Example)

After you have completed this chapter, you will know:


>> SDR configuration principles
>> SDR typical configurations

5.1 Configuration Principles


The following describes the integrated equipment configuration,
baseband layer configuration, and RF layer configuration.
Integrated Table 37 describes configurations of subracks and functional lay-
Equipment ers.
Configuration
TABLE 37 INTEGRATED EQUIPMENT CONFIGURATION

Cabinet Layer/S- Amount Configuration Description


ubrack

Primary Baseband 1, 2 At most two baseband layers can


cabinet layer be configured.

RF layer 1 At most one RF layer can be


configured.

Power dis- 1 Mandatory


tribution
subrack

Fan 1 Mandatory
subrack

Ventilation 1 Mandatory
subrack

Secondary RF layer 1 The secondary cabinet is


cabinet optional. It is configured when
Power dis- 1 the number of GSM carriers at a
tribution single site exceeds 36.
subrack

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Baseband Layer Table 38 describes the baseband layer configuration.


Configuration
TABLE 38 BASEBAND LAYER CONFIGURATION

Board/Module Amount Configuration Description

CC 1, 2 At least one CC should be


configured.
If active/standby function is
required, two CCs should be
configured.

FS 1, 2 At least one FS should be


configured.

UBPG 1~5 In GSM mode, the UBPG


board is configured, while in
BPC 1~5 UMTS mode, the BPC board is
configured.
At most 5 UBPG+BPC can be
configured.
A single UBPG board can
process 12 TRXs.
A single BPC board supports 3
CS, and provides a processing
capability of uplink 128 CE and
downlink 128 CE.

SA 1 Mandatory

PM 1, 2 At least one PM should be


configured.

FA 1 Mandatory

RF Layer Table 39 describes the RF layer configuration.


Configuration
TABLE 39 RF LAYER CONFIGURATION

Board Amount Configuration Description

RSU60 1 ~ 6 In GSM mode, a single RU supports 6


TRXs at most.
In UMTS mode, a single RU supports
3 CS.
In GSM/UMTS dual mode, a single RU
supports GSM 4 TRX + UMTS 1 CS or
GSM 2 TRX + UMTS 2 CS.

5.2 GSM Single Mode


Configuration
In GSM single mode,RSU60 can be configured with 1 ~ 6 carriers
through software configuration.
The following lists board configurations of typical site types S6,
S12, S6/6/6, and S12/12/12.

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Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example)

TABLE 40 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF S6 SITE IN GSM SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

S6 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 1 -

TABLE 41 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF S12 SITE IN GSM SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

S12 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 2 -

TABLE 42 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF S6/6/6 SITE IN GSM SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

S6/6/6 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 2 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 3 -

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 43 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF S12/12/12 SITE IN GSM SINGLE


MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

S12/12/12 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 3 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 6 -

5.3 UMTS Single Mode


Configuration
The following lists board configurations of typical site types 3C1S,
6C1S, 1C3S, and 4C3S.

TABLE 44 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF 3C1S SITE IN UMTS SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

3C1S BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

BPC 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 1 -

TABLE 45 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF 6C1S SITE IN UMTS SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

6C1S BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

BPC 2 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,

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Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example)

Site Type Board Amount Remark


configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 2 -

TABLE 46 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF 1C3S SITE IN UMTS SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

1C3S BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

BPC 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 3 -

TABLE 47 BOARD CONFIGURATION OF 4C3S SITE IN UMTS SINGLE MODE

Site Type Board Amount Remark

4C3S BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

BPC 4 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 6 -

5.4 GSM/UMTS Dual Mode


Configuration
The following lists board configurations of typical site types in
GSM/UMTS dual mode co-frequency networking.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 48 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S4+UMTS:S1 OR GSM:S2+UMTS:S2)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S4+UMTS:S1 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


or configuration,
GSM:S2+UMTS:S2 configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 1 -

BPC 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 1 -

TABLE 49 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S8+UMTS:S2)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S8+UMTS:S2 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 1 -

BPC 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 2 -

TABLE 50 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S4+UMTS:S4)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S4+UMTS:S4 BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

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Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

UBPG 1 -

BPC 2 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 2 -

TABLE 51 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S4/4/4+UMTS:S1/1/1)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S4/4/4+ BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


UMTS:S1/1/1 configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 1 -

BPC 1 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 3 -

TABLE 52 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S2/2/2+UMTS:S2/2/2)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S2/2/2+ BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


UMTS:S2/2/2 configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 1 -

BPC 2 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 3 -

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

TABLE 53 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S6/6/6+UMTS:S3/3/3)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S6/6/6+ BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


UMTS:S3/3/3 configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 2 -

BPC 3 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 6 -

TABLE 54 BOARD CONFIGURATION IN GSM/UMTS DUAL MODE


(GSM:S8/8/8+UMTS:S2/2/2)

Site Type Board Amo- Remark


unt

GSM:S8/8/8+ BBU CC 1, 2 For active/standby


UMTS:S2/2/2 configuration,
configure 2 CC
boards.

UBPG 2 -

BPC 2 -

FS 1, 2 For load-sharing
configuration,
configure 2 FS
boards.

RU RSU60 6 -

5.5 Typical Configurations


This section takes RSU60 for example to explain the system site
configurations.

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Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example)

Typical 1. S6type site configuration


Configurations
in GSM Mode Figure 40 shows the S6-type site configuration.

FIGURE 40 S6-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

This configuration also supports site types S1, S2, S3, S4, and
S5.
2. S12type site configuration
Figure 41 shows the S12-type site configuration.

FIGURE 41 S12-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

This configuration also supports site types S7, S8, S9, S10,
and S11.
3. S6/6/6type site configuration
Figure 42 shows the S6/6/6-type site configuration.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 42 S6/6/6-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

This configuration also supports site types S1/1/1, S2/2/2,


S3/3/3, S4/4/4, and S5/5/5.
4. S12/12/12type site configuration
Figure 43 shows the S12/12/12-type site configuration.

FIGURE 43 S12/12/12-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

This configuration also supports site types S7/7/7, S8/8/8,


S9/9/9, S10/10/10, and S11/11/11.

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Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example)

Typical 1. 3C1S-type site configuration


Configurations
in UMTS Mode Figure 44 shows the 3C1S-type site configuration.

FIGURE 44 3C1S-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

2. 6C1S-type site configuration


Figure 45 shows the 6C1S-type site configuration.

FIGURE 45 6C1S-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

3. 1C3S-type site configuration


Figure 46 shows the 1C3S-type site configuration.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 46 1C3S-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

4. 4C3S-type site configuration


Figure 47 shows the 4C3S-type site configuration.

FIGURE 47 4C3S-TYPE SITE CONFIGURATION

Typical 1. Single-sector GSM:S4+UMTS:S1 or GSM:S2+UMTS:S2 site


Configurations in configuration
GSM/UMTS Dual
Mode Figure 48 shows the configuration of single-sector
GSM:S4+UMTS:S1 site or GSM:S2+UMTS:S2 site.

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Chapter 5 SDR Configuration(BS8800 as Example)

FIGURE 48 CONFIGURATION OF SINGLE-SECTOR GSM:S4+UMTS:S1


SITE OR GSM:S2+UMTS:S2 SITE

2. Single-sector GSM:S8+UMTS:S2 or GSM:S4+UMTS:S4 site


configuration
Figure 49 shows the configuration of single-sector
GSM:S8+UMTS:S2 site or GSM:S4+UMTS:S4 site.

FIGURE 49 CONFIGURATION OF SINGLE-SECTOR GSM:S8+UMTS:S2


SITE OR GSM:S4+UMTS:S4 SITE

3. Three-sector GSM:S4/4/4+UMTS:S1/1/1 or GSM:S2/2/2+UM-


TS:S2/2/2 site configuration
Figure 50 shows the configuration of three-sector GSM:S4/4/
4+UMTS:S1/1/1 site or GSM:S2/2/2+UMTS:S2/2/2 site.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

FIGURE 50 CONFIGURATION OF THREE-SECTOR GSM:S4/4/4+UMTS:S1/1/1 SITE OR


GSM:S2/2/2+UMTS:S2/2/2 SITE

4. Three-sector GSM:S6/6/6+UMTS:S3/3/3 or GSM:S8/8/8+UM-


TS:S2/2/2 site configuration
Figure 51 shows the configuration of three-sector GSM:S6/6/
6+UMTS:S3/3/3 site or GSM:S8/8/8+UMTS:S2/2/2 site.

FIGURE 51 CONFIGURATION OF THREE-SECTOR GSM:S6/6/6+UMTS:S3/3/3 SITE OR


GSM:S8/8/8+UMTS:S2/2/2 SITE

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Chapter 6 SDR Operation and
Maintenance

After you have completed this chapter, you will know:


>> Maintenance Overview
>> Maintenance Functions

6.1 Maintenance Overview


The maintenance of SDR involves remote maintenance and local
maintenance. Figure 52 shows the maintenance system network-
ing of SDR.

FIGURE 52 GERAN MAINTENANCE NETWORKING

Remote maintenance(Remote Client)


In remote maintenance, NetNumen M31, the general radio
Network Element (NE) management system, is connected with
OMM of BSC/RNC, and then connected with the base station
through Abis interface or Iub interface to implement operation
and maintenance.
Local maintenance(LMT)
In local maintenance, PC is directly connected with the base
station through Ethernet cable to implement operation and
maintenance.

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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

6.2 Maintenance Functions


In NetNumen M31, the O&M interface of remote maintenance sys-
tem is in the form of topological graphics. Information of each NE
in the network can be viewed on the interface. Users can select
the NE to be maintained and check its performance data, alarm
information, and configuration data. Users can also perform main-
tenance for a certain type of NEs through the topological graphics
interface.
The maintenance system performs the functions is shown in Figure
53.

FIGURE 53 EMS FUNCTIONS

Configuration management
In configuration management, physical/radio resource data
can be added, queried, deleted, and modified for the base
station. It also performs data consistency check, and supports
dynamic data configuration and static data configuration.
Security management
It guarantees that only authorized users can perform relevant
command group operations.
Performance management
It implements performance analysis, call tracing, and signaling
tracing.
Version management
With version management, users can view hardware/software
versions running at the foreground. The background provides
a software downloading system for software upgrade at the
foreground.
Fault management

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Chapter 6 SDR Operation and Maintenance

Fault management includes alarm management and diagnosis


and test. It performs centralized monitoring of running sta-
tus of the base station and collects abnormal information of
boards and links in real time. These functions make it con-
venient for operation and maintenance personnel to perform
analysis, make decision, and implement maintenance and re-
pair.

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