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Making the Move from Oracle Warehouse

Builder to Oracle Data Integrator 12c

by Stewart Bryson
A detailed guide to a phased migration to Oracle Data Integrator 12c
January 2014

Oracle Data Integrator
Oracle customers have deployed solutions using Oracle Warehouse Builder (OWB) since the 2.0.4 version
was released in 2000. Because of its close integration to the Oracle Database and its reliance on Oracle
PL/SQL as a deployment mechanism, it's been a popular choice for data warehousing and BI shops that lean
toward backend solutions as opposed to more heterogeneous tool solutions.

With its 12c release, Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) now appeals to both the database and tool-oriented crowds.
Besides delivering an impressive new release with major advancements in data integration functionality, ODI
12c has also added capabilities for OWB customers looking to make the switch to ODI. First, we have a new
feature called OWB Runtime Integration that allows ODI agents to orchestrate and execute OWB processes.
Additionally, we have a new OWB to ODI Migration Utility that allows us to convert a subset of our OWB
development artifacts into comparable ODI artifacts.

In this article, we'll cover these two approaches to making the move from OWB to ODI 12c: the integration
route, and the migration route. I'll start by walking through a fairly standard ODI installation, one that includes
the configuration of JEE agents, and finish with a description of a phased migration, which makes use of both
the integration and migration capabilities in ODI 12c.

ODI Installation
Our environment is Oracle Linux 6.4, which we installed using the Red Hat Kernel instead of the Unbreakable
Linux Kernel. Because it also has the Oracle Database installed, we included several additional packages
specific to that install, but those packages are not required for ODI. The first component needed for both
installing and running ODI 12c is a Java Development Kit (JDK). ODI 12c supports only version 7 of the JDK,
so I installed JDK 1.7.0_21 (available from http://java.oracle.com). Our Linux environment has several different
Java installations, so we add the following to the .bash_profile to ensure we always use the Oracle JDK:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_21

ODI Universal Installer

Making sure our JAVA_HOME is set successfully, we launch the Universal Installer for ODI by executing the jar
file executable:

==> java -jar odi_121200.jar

The noteworthy steps in the ODI installation are identified below:

Step 1: Welcome
On the welcome screen, we see the message:

"If you plan to install the JEE Agent, then ensure that you have installed Oracle Fusion Middleware
Infrastructure 12c."
Ignore this message; the Enterprise Installation of ODI will install WebLogic Server (WLS) and Fusion
Middleware (FMW) infrastructure libraries behind the scenes.

Step 2: Installation Location

We select /app/oracle/product/odi_1 as the location for our ODI ORACLE_HOME.
Step 3: Installation Type
We'll want to run either JEE agents or standalone collocated agents in our new Enterprise Installation of ODI
12c. It's worth noting that pure standalone agents-which don't require WLS at all-are still supported and can be
installed using the Standalone Installation option. JEE agents are the de facto standard for production
environments because they provide all of the failover and scalability that WLS provides; I would need a really
good reason not to use a JEE agent. So we select the Enterprise Installation option, but we'll investigate
configuring a JEE agent after the installation is complete. As mentioned earlier, WLS 12.1.2 and FMW
Infrastructure libraries 12.1.2 are also part of the install, which we can see by looking at the Internal Features in
Figure 1. The remaining screens in the install are informational only and require no input.
Along with the ODI 12c install, the Universal Installer also creates a zip archive
called odi_1212_opatch.zip, which, when extracted, includes three patches: 16926420, 17053768 and
17170540. We need to unzip this file, navigate into the directory for each of these patches, and apply the
patch. The application of patch 17170540 is demonstrated below:
==> cd 17170540/
==> $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch apply
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.

Oracle Home : /app/oracle/product/odi_1

Central Inventory : /app/oraInventory
from : /app/oracle/product/odi_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version :
OUI version :
Log file location :

OPatch detects the Middleware Home as "/app/oracle/product/odi_1"

Applying interim patch '17170540' to OH '/app/oracle/product/odi_1'
Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks...
All checks passed.

Please shutdown Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME on the local
(Oracle Home = '/app/oracle/product/odi_1')

Is the local system ready for patching? [y|n]

User Responded with: Y
Backing up files...

Patching component oracle.as.common.clone,

Verifying the update...

Patch 17170540 successfully applied
Log file location:

OPatch succeeded.

Repository Creation Utility

Unlike Oracle Business Intelligence Enterprise Edition (OBIEE) and some other FMW products, which require
the Repository Creation Utility (RCU) to be run prior to the software installation, ODI actually installs the RCU
as part of the base product install. The RCU executable is located in $ORACLE_HOME/oracle_common/bin,
and is launched as indicated below, with the noteworthy steps described after
==> $ORACLE_HOME/oracle_common/bin/rcu

Step 1: Create Repository

We definitely want to create a new repository, so we start by checking the primary option Create Repository.
We want to create the database objects during this step (as opposed to generating scripts to be run later), so
we choose the secondary option System Load and Product Load.
Step 2: Select Components
As is standard with FMW RCUs, we select a schema prefix to delineate our particular FMW schema from
others that may exist in the same database. I choose the default DEV, and then select the sub-component
Master and Work Repository under the Oracle Data Integrator component. This will automatically pre-select all
required options to support ODI, as indicated in Figure 2.
Step 3: Custom Variables
We provide a password for the SUPERVISOR account, which is the built-in administrator account in ODI. We
also need to specify a Work Repository Type, which we specify as (D) Development, the default, and a Work
Repository Name, which we set to WORKREP, also the default.

Step 4: Map Tablespaces

In this step, we define the default tablespace and temp tablespace for each of the schemas the RCU is
creating. As it's unnecessary to have a separate tablespace for each schema, I create a single tablespace
REPO (repository) to be used for all FMW schemas, along with the default temp tablespace TEMP, as
demonstrated in Figure 3.
JEE Agent Configuration
Domain Configuration
Once we have ODI installed and the database repository created, it's time to configure our JEE agent, which
entails first configuring a FMW domain. The configuration script is located
in $ORACLE_HOME/oracle_common/common/bin, and is executed as indicated below, with the noteworthy
steps identified after.
==> $ORACLE_HOME/oracle_common/common/bin/config.sh

Page 1: Create Domain

We call our new Domain odi_domain and create it in the default location
of $ORACLE_HOME/user_projects/domains. The full path value that we provide to the universal installer
is: /app/oracle/product/odi_1/user_projects/domains/odi_domain.
Page 2: Templates
To make it easy to deploy standard functionality for different FMW products, the configuration utility contains
templates for configuring and deploying different applications in the domain. The first template we select is
Oracle Enterprise Manager Plugin for ODI - [em], which also selects the following additional

Oracle Enterprise Manager - [em]

Oracle JRF - [oracle_common]

WebLogic Coherence Cluster Extension - [wlserver]

Next, we select the template called Oracle Data Integrator - Agent - [odi], which automatically selects
the following templates:

Oracle Data Integrator - Agent Libraries - [odi]

Oracle Data Integrator SDK Shared Library Template - [odi]

Even though we are configuring a JEE Agent in this article, we also include the template Oracle Data Integrator
- Standalone Collocated Agent - [odi], so we could also choose to deploy a standalone collocated
agent. We also include Oracle Data Integrator - Console - [odi].

Page 3: Application Location

The Configuration Utility will recommend a default Application location-the location of our .ear file-based on the
options we selected for our Domain location on Page 1. We simply accept the defaults.

Page 5: Domain Mode and JDK

We want the boot.properties file, so we'll create a Development domain. However,
a boot.properties file is easy enough to create, so a Production domain would be a sensible choice as
Notice that the Configuration Utility is aware of our JDK location based on the value of the JAVA_HOME
environment variable. That is indeed the JDK we want to use.

Page 6: Database Configuration Type

We choose the RCU Data option to use the Service Table schemain our case, DEV_STBto automatically
configure the datasources necessary for our particular templates. We would need a really good reason not to
use this.

Page 9: Credentials
We use this screen to configure two entries in the FMW Credential Store. The first key is already partially
populated: the SUPERVISOR key is looking for our SUPERVISOR username and password. The second key
we have to add by clicking the Add button, and then specifying the domain name, along with the administration
username and password for the domain, as illustrated in Figure 4.
Page 10: Advanced Configuration
On this screen, we select these options: Administration Server, Node Manager and Managed
Servers, Clusters and Coherence. The other options are not required.
Page 11: Administration Server
We need an Administration Server for our JEE agent deployment. We keep all the defaults, except that we
need to provide a specific listen address. We can use the hostname or IP; we choose the
hostname oracle.localdomain.
Page 13: Managed Servers
Our JEE Agent also needs a Managed Server to provide the JEE container for our agent. We keep all the
defaults for this, specifying the following values as demonstrated in Figure 5.

Server Name: ODI_server1

Listen Address: oracle.localdomain (IP address or hostname)
Listen Port: 15101 (default Managed Server port)
Enable SSL: Unchecked
SSL Listen Port: Disabled
Server Groups: JRF-MAN-SVR
Page 14: Clusters
We choose a unique name for our FMW Cluster, in our case we use ODI_cluster1. We leave the Cluster
Address attribute blank.
Page 15: Assign Servers to Clusters
We assign ODI_server1 to ODI_cluster1.
Page 16: Coherence Clusters
Leave the default values of defaultCoherenceCluster and 0.
Page 17: Machines
We need to configure our FMW Machine. Since our environment is Linux, we'll choose the Unix Machine tab
with the following options:

Name: oracle (any name unique in the cluster)

Enable Post Bind GID: Unchecked
Post Bind GID: nobody
Enable Post Bind UID: Unchecked
Post Bind UID: nobody
Node Manager Listen Address: oracle.localdomain (IP address or hostname)
Node Manager Listen Port: 5556 (default Node Manager port)
Page 18: Assign Servers to Machines
We move both AdminServer and ODI_server1 under the Oracle Unix Machine.
Clicking through the rest of the informational screens should give us a completed domain configuration and an
application deployed to the managed server, which we can use for our JEE agent. To make things easier in the
future, we add the DOMAIN_HOME environment variable to our .bash_profilefile, as demonstrated
export DOMAIN_HOME=$ORACLE_HOME/user_projects/domains/odi_domain

Agent Topology Creation

We're now ready to configure our JEE agent in ODI Studio to use our new deployed FMW Application. We
open ODI Studio using the command line call below:

==> $ORACLE_HOME/odi/studio/odi.sh

Using the ODI Topology Navigator, under Physical Architecture, we right-click Agents and then select New
Agent. We specify the following parameter values as demonstrated in Figure 6.

Name: OracleDIAgent
Host: oracle.localdomain (IP address or hostname)
Port: 15101 (default Managed Server port)

As part of the domain configuration above, the Node Manager is likely already running. In case it isn't, and for
future reference, we can start the Node Manager using the following command:

==> nohup $DOMAIN_HOME/bin/startNodeManager.sh > nm.out&

[1] 31642
Once we ensure that the Node Manager is running, we are then able to start the Administration Server, using
the following command:

==> nohup $DOMAIN_HOME/bin/startWebLogic.sh > admin.out&

[2] 32359

With the Administration Server in RUNNING mode, we are now able to start the Managed Server. This can be
done from the command-line similar to how we started the Node Manager and Administration Server, or using
Fusion Middleware Control (FMC), using the URL pattern below:

For our environment, this equates to:

For demonstration purposes, we use FMC. Under the WebLogic Domain tree, we chose odi_domain, followed
by ODI_cluster1, and finally ODI_server1. On the resulting page, we can click the Start Up button:

Once we have the Managed Server running successfully, our JEE agent should now be available to us. Back in
the Topology Navigator in ODI Studio, we right-click the OracleDIAgent in the Physical Architecture pane and
choose the option Test, which should give use feedback that the agent is available. The final task is just to
create an agent in the Logical Architecture pane that maps to our physical agent through a context; in our
case, using the Global Context.

OWB Runtime Integration

With ODI 12c installed and operable and a JEE Agent configured correctly, we can now investigate the first
integration point with OWB: Runtime Integration. This works by configuring an existing OWB workspace as an
element in ODI's Topology, and having ODI execute OWB processes using ODI packages. Before we get into
the technical details, let's have a look at our existing OWB project from a high-level, and see how we can
incorporate it into ODI.

Sales Subject Area

We are loading a reasonably standard data warehouse around sales data, with a fact table, called
SALES_FACT and a series of dimension tables: STAFF_DIM, STORE_DIM, PRODUCT_DIM, and
CUSTOMER_DIM. We have mappings loading each of these tables, and the orchestration of the load has
been constructed using process flows. There is one process flow module called COMMON_WF that has a
single process flow package called SBATCH, which is our naming standard for "Standard Batch." Inside this
process flow package are three individual process flows: LOAD_DIMS, LOAD_FACTS and MAIN_LOAD, as
demonstrated in Figures 8-10. MAIN_LOAD is simply a high-level process flow executing the dimension and
fact loads in order.
The separation of elements into separate process flows in OWB is a common design approach: it provides
flexibility in orchestrating our overall batch load, as well as allowing us to execute granular pieces of the
complete batch load for unit testing purposes.

Runtime Topology
We now need to configure the integration with our existing OWB workspace. Like any other element in the ODI
topology, we begin by adding a data server in the Physical Architecture pane of the Topology Navigator. There
is a new technology in ODI 12c called OWB Runtime Repository. We right-click on that technology and choose
New Data Server, which opens the Data Server Definition tab, as demonstrated in Figure 11. We provide a
name for the data server, and under Connection we provide the username and password of the OWB
workspace owner. We name the data server ORCL after the Oracle database instance where it resides (any
unique name would suffice), and we provide the OWBREP workspace owner and the associated password.

On the JDBC tab, we use the oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver driver and provide the connection details for the Oracle
database holding the OWB workspace. We click the Save button, and then right-click our new Data Server in
the Physical Architecture pane and choose New Physical Schema, which will open the Definition tab. We
choose the correct value for Workspace (Schema) from the dropdown list-for us this is OWBREP.OWBREP-
and then accept the remainder of the defaults as demonstrated in Figure 12.
Once our data server and physical schema have been created, we need to create a logical schema and assign
the physical schema to it via a context. We choose the Logical Architecture pane in the Topology Navigator,
and we again right-click the OWB Runtime Repository Technology, and choose New Logical Schema, which
opens the Definition tab. We're only working with the Global Context, so we map the new logical schema-which
for us is called OWBREP-to our previously created physical schema, which completes the topology

Package Tool: OdiStartOwbJob

With the Topology in place, we can now use ODI Packages to execute any of our OWB processes, which
includes either OWB mappings or process flows: anything that can be executed by the OWB Control Center.
Since we already have our entire load process orchestrated with OWB process flows, the easiest thing for us
to configure is a package to simply execute our MAIN_LOAD Process Flow. In ODI Designer, right-click on
Packages and select New Package. In the Package Editor, we have a new Tool option called OdiStartOwbJob,
which we add as a Package Step to the Package Editor palette. We then configure the Package Step General
tab with the following information, as demonstrated in Figure 13.

Workspace Name: OWBREP

Location Name: OWF_MGR (The Oracle Workflow owner for our Process Flow location)
Object Type: ProcessFlow
Click the Command tab in the Package Step to see the ODI Tool command generated by the values we

Once the package has been completed, it's easy to create an ODI Scenario and execute it using our JEE
agent. We can see in Figure 14 that the ODI and OWB auditing is completely integrated now, with ODI being
aware of all the processes and child processes executed by the OWB Control Center, as well as the execution
results, including execution times and the number of records affected.
The Side-by-Side Approach
It's easy to grasp the value of this functionality: our legacy ETL processes in OWB can be managed and
integrated with newer ODI processes, with the two working together in a coherent data integration strategy.
We'll call this the side-by-side approach: continuing to run our legacy OWB processes as an integrated
element of our overall Oracle data integration solution. The side-by-side approach is really viable only when
our OWB processes are true legacy: we can leave them in OWB (because, let's face it, they just work) and live
with that fact. The business has no enhancements planned where we would have to "touch" any of those
processes, because we have new business intelligence initiatives from our stakeholders that we can develop
completely in ODI. In this way, our OWB code is like almost any other legacy code-whether it be PL/SQL, Perl,
etc.-except that Oracle has produced a complete integration platform. But what if our OWB code isn't pure
legacy? What if the development around it is vibrant and ongoing? That's where the OWB to ODI Migration
Utility comes into play.

The OWB to ODI Migration Utility

Patch Application
To support the new Migration Utility, we have a few more patches that need to be installed, again using the
opatch method above. The first is patch 17053768 to apply to our ODI ORACLE_HOME; the second is patch
17830453, which needs to be installed for OWB. The OWB patch is either applied to the ORACLE_HOME
associated with the Oracle database, or to a stand-alone OWB ORACLE_HOME if applicable, and works only
on top of OWB version The application of the OWB patch is demonstrated below:

==> cd 17547241/
==> opatch apply
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version
Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
Oracle Home : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /app/oraInventory
from : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version :
OUI version :
Log file location : /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/

Applying interim patch '17547241' to OH '/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1'

Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks...
All checks passed.
Backing up files...
Apply mode

Patching component oracle.owb.rsf,

Verifying the update...

Apply mode
Patch 17547241 successfully applied
Log file location: /app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/

OPatch succeeded.

As our environment is Linux, patch 17547241 has installed a new command-line utility in the OWB
ORACLE_HOME called migration.sh. The exact location is $OWB_HOME/bin/unix, which for our environment
is listed below:


Performing the Migration

This command-line utility uses command-line options combined with a configuration file to specify the objects
we want to migrate, as well as specific configuration options associated with those objects. It doesn't migrate
everything. The full list is specified in the documentation listed
here: http://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1212/odi/ODIMG/understanding.htm#CHDCIDDG. Some of the
noteworthy items that are not migrated include:
Dimensional modeling metadata, and any mappings that use that metadata, including dimensions and

Process flows


Data quality, data profiles and data auditors

The third item in this list, process flows, should be noted specifically. If we choose to migrate an entire project
to ODI, we will only have the mappings and the metadata associated with them when the migration is
complete. So it's worth noting that we will need to use ODI packages, load plans or both to develop a new
orchestration strategy post-migration. In many cases, this is no minor piece of work. We'll investigate some of
the strategies relevant to this later in this article.

The Migration Utility has three run modes:

1. FAST_CHECK: Performs a read-only check of the OWB repository and reports back the items than
can and cannot be migrated.

2. DRY_RUN: Performs a migration to ODI using the ODI 12c SDK, but does not perform a commit at
the end of the process.

3. RUN (Default): Executes the migration and commits migrated objects to the target ODI 12c repository.

The run mode is specified in the migration configuration parameter. The configuration parameter can be called
anything and placed anywhere, since the file location is specified when executing the utility. The installation of
the Migration Utility patch also creates a sample configuration file called migration.config located in
the $OWB_HOME/bin/admin directory. Some of the specific driver properties that we have in our configuration
file are listed below:

Notice the last two migration properties: MIGRATE_DEPENDENCIES and MIGRATION_OBJECTS. We can
use these two parameters to specify the content we want to migrate. MIGRATION_OBJECTS uses dot-
notation to specify which OWB project we want to migrate, and more granularly, which individual object or bulk
object we want to migrate. We can see which parameters are supported in the
documentation: http://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1212/odi/ODIMG/migrating.htm#CHDIDBDH.
We're migrating the specific OWB module called ETL. In our workspace, the OWB mappings for the entire
project exist in this single module, so all of them will be migrated. However, our specification for
MIGRATE_DEPENDENCIES will instruct the utility that we also want to migrate dependent objects, such as
table metadata, sequence metadata, locations, etc

The Migration Utility accepts a few command-line options as well-primarily for passwords, so they aren't
explicitly written in the configuration file-along with the path to the configuration file. The command-line options
and order are specified below:

1. ODI master repository password: the password for the ODI_MASTER_USER specified in the
configuration file

2. ODI user password: the password for the ODI_USERNAME specified in the configuration file

3. OWB workspace password: the password for the OWB_WORKSPACE_OWNER specified in the
configuration file

4. Migration configuration file: the path for the configuration file created above.

We execute the Migration Utility by entering the following at the command-line:

==> ./migration.sh welcome1 welcome1 welcome1 gcbc_sales.config

When we specified the location of the migration log file using the parameter MIGRATION_LOG_FILE, this will
also specify the name and location of our migration report file, which based on our configuration file will be
called migration.report. The top of the report shows us the aggregated results from the Migration Utility,
with the specific objects migrated listed further down in the report (omitted here for brevity):

Total Projects Migrated: 2


Object Types Migrated Not-Migrated

--------------- --------- -------------


Object Types Migrated Not-Migrated

--------------- --------- -------------
TABLE: 17 0

We have a relatively small project here, but all the mappings in the ETL module were migrated successfully.
The workspace metadata for tables and sequences was also migrated, becoming content in models in the ODI

ODI Topology
We can now see the results of the migration process by viewing the ODI Topology and seeing that our OWB
locations and modules were migrated as demonstrated in Figure 15. ODI data servers, physical schemas and
logical schemas were created for all the modules represented in our OWB mappings: GCBC_CRM,
One point to notice: the Migration Utility creates separate ODI data servers for each OWB location, even
though many of the OWB locations exist in the same physical Oracle database. Although this may seem
troubling at first, the situation is easily corrected with the power of the ODI Topology. We can create new data
servers with multiple physical schemas if desired, remapping those to logical schemas, which allows ODI to
generate more efficient code by understanding that the schemas exist in the same database. Use cases like
this one is the main reason the ODI Topology abstracts our physical and logical schemas, and also why we
shouldn't be too concerned that the Migration Utility handles it in this way.

Leaving our physical architecture the way the Migration Utility created, we still need to make a few small
changes. The Migration Utility doesn't bring over the passwords from OWB locations, so we need to provide
them in the Connection section of our data server configurations, as demonstrated in Figure 16. We also have
to set the work schema for any of our physical schemas that are involved with mappings, as demonstrated in
Figure 17.
Investigating a Single Mapping: MAP_SALES_FACT
Let's have a look at an individual OWB mapping and see in detail what the Migration Utility gave us on the
other end. In Figure 18 we see one of our source OWB mappings, called MAP_SALES_FACT.
This mapping pulls data from two tables in the GCBC_POS schema, which are joined together using a joiner
component. The resulting data then maps to another Joiner along with the dimension tables from the
GCBC_EDW schema-the reporting target schema-to do the lookup for the surrogate keys before finally loading
the data into the SALES_FACT table. All the dimension tables are joined to the source data set using a single
joiner called SURROGATE_PIPELINE. We have two separate expression components in the mapping as well:
one called simply EXPRESSION, the other called GET_DATE_KEY. We also have pre-mapping process and
post-mapping process components, which are very common in OWB mappings. Without the functionality of the
Knowledge Module (KM) architecture that we have in ODI, OWB developers often resigned themselves to
adding custom, repeatable processes to their OWB mappings with these intra-mapping components. The
migrated ODI Mapping MAP_SALES_FACT is shown in Figure 19, which we will discuss in the next section.
Components and Component-Style KMs
One of the reasons that a Migration Utility exists now is because it was easier to build in ODI 12c. Both tools
use a flow-based design based on components on a palette. We have many of the same or similar
components in ODI that we had in OWB. The list is smaller in ODI, and is demonstrated in Figure 20. We can
develop with a smaller number of components because other elements in the ODI architectureincluding the
topology and the KM frameworkreduce the number of individual components required.
In looking at the migrated mapping in Figure 19, notice the single joiner from OWB called
SURROGATE_PIPELINE that joined all the dimension tables to the source data is converted to four distinct
Join components in ODI. The ODI join component does support having more than two incoming connections,
but the Migration Utility does not generate the designer metadata in that way. This shouldn't concern us much:
the new component-style KMs in ODI 12c generate code comparable to OWB using the four distinct join
components, and that same code is nearly identical to what ODI generates when a single join component is

Expressions are a new feature in ODI 12c, and they retain similar functionality to expressions in OWB. The
strictly declarative design paradigm using interfaces in ODI 11g had no place for components, much less an
expression component. But ODI 12c mixes the declarative and flow-based designs. Each attribute in the target
component has a built-in location for configuring declarative transformation logic, but the use of expression
components is available to make transformation logic explicit and reusable, and also assists the Migration
Utility in converting OWB mappings.

In ODI, KMs are pluggable templates that use the ODI Substitution API to control the generated code for both
source and targets. Component-style KMs are a new, complimentary code-generation tool encapsulating
modular, reusable pieces of logic specific to particular components. This allows the use of template-based KMs
only where we need them: not for the entire mapping, as was the case in ODI 11g. To see or modify the
assignment of the loading KM (LKM) for a specific target in a mapping, we switch over to the physical view and
click the access point for that target. This is the "touch-point" for the arrow that extends from the source to the
target. For MAP_SALES_FACT, our access point is the GET_EFFECTIVE_DATE expression, which is
demonstrated in Figure 21.

The Migration Utility chooses a single component-style LKM for all our converted mappings: LKM Oracle to
Oracle Pull (DB Link). This new KM is a sensible choice because OWB always uses a database link to pull
data from a remote server. A slight modification we made to our migrated mappings was to hard-code a
database link into the SOURCE_ACCESS_DB_LINK option in the KM to eliminate the process of repeatedly
dropping and creating the database link with each run, also demonstrated in Figure 21.

If we aren't happy with the database link approach (though I'm not sure why we wouldn't be), we could use a
different KM that resembles loading techniques common in other ETL tools using separate connections to the
source and target databases, combined with array-based processing. Figure 22 shows the selection of LKM
SQL to SQL (Built-In). Keep in mind that the database link will typically outperform array-based processing,
and is a major value-add when deploying ODI instead of other ETL tools.
At first sight, it may seem like our pre- and post-mapping process components were lost in the migration. They
certainly aren't visible on the logical mapping palette, and they aren't an option in the list of components shown
in Figure 20. Further investigation shows that the logical mapping view is the wrong place to look. Instead, we
should again be looking at the physical mapping view and some of the options available in the new
component-style KM. To see the post-mapping process, we click our target table SALES_FACT, navigate to the
Extract Options section in the Properties pane, and have a look at the BEGIN_MAPPING_SQL option:
The original PL/SQL call from our OWB post-mapping process is listed below:


This PL/SQL procedure executed a few custom post-load options for the table, and it used the individual
mapping name to pull options from a configuration table to decide what processes to run. With the
customization power of ODI, it's unlikely we would elect to code post-load options in this way, but these sorts of
changes aren't made overnight, so it's important that we are able to initially execute the PL/SQL procedure in a
similar way. The GET_MODEL_NAME constant (demonstrated above) in an OWB mapping always returns the
mapping name wrapped in double-quotes, so we could use that to eliminate hard-coded values. We need an
equivalent in ODI, which we have using the Substitution API. The modified call is listed below:


Finding the pre-mapping process was a little more difficult, and seemingly arbitrary. Although we have several
dimension tables that are joined in on the target side, the custom PL/SQL call was placed in the Extract
Options for the CUSTOMER_DIM table, which we can only assume was chosen alphabetically. Regardless, a
similar modification to the PL/SQL call gives us the desired result. With our small tweaks in place, the
execution of the mapping from the ODI Operator is show in Figure 24.
Migration Approaches
The Big-Bang Approach: One Fell Swoop
The Migration Utility is an impressive piece of functionality. Although we had to polish the mappings a bit post-
migration, all the complex source-to-target logic survived intact, and when it's all said and done, that's what we
care about the most. The Migration Utility gives us a tremendous jumpstart, but it isn't a complete migration
solution. Honestly, it's daunting to consider how many lines of code would be needed to furnish a complete,
start-to-finish Migration Utility.

When considering the list of OWB content that isn't supported by the Migration Utility, the most noteworthy
exclusion is process flows. Even though Oracle made the correct choice in focusing first on mappings, we are
left with the requirement to re-orchestrate our load process or processes using some combination of load plans
and packages. Depending on the scope and complexity of the data integration processes currently in OWB,
this could run the gamut from uncomfortable to excruciating, especially when considering formal QA and
regression testing processes driven by data validation.

Considering what a complete migration from OWB would entail, below is a list of required steps and optional
steps that would factor in to such a migration:

Required Migration Steps

1. Configure and execute the Migration Utility.

2. Work through the topology and make data server and physical schema changes.

3. Tweak the component-style KM parameters in each mapping for appropriate database links, pre- and
post-mapping processes, etc.

4. Design an orchestration process using packages and load plans to replace process flows.
5. Unit test select mappings representative of certain design patterns and ensure successful completion.

6. Regression test complete load processes, including data reconciliation to ensure that ODI is
producing the exact same results as OWB.

Optional Migration Steps

1. Replace custom PL/SQL processes with more robust ODI-based functionality, including custom KMs,
ODI packages and procedures, and load plan functionality.

2. Replace any custom TCL processes that function as part of the development process (auto-
generating certain kinds of mappings or process flows) with Groovy scripting.

For certain OWB implementations, it might make sense to take the plunge and invest in the Big Bang,
performing all of the required steps and possibly some of the optional steps. Organizations that sell and
support a complete data warehouse solution would likely consider producing a new version of that solution
running solely on ODI. An example of such a migration is Oracle's Business Intelligence Applications (OBIA),
although that migration was not from OWB but from Informatica. Keeping portions of the load routines in
Informatica and other portions in ODI wouldn't sit well with customers trying to maximize the return-on-
investment (ROI) of purchasing enterprise software.

Similarly, organizations that utilize a Business Intelligence Competency Center (BICC) recognize tremendous
value from standardization and a decreased footprint. Introducing some kind of hybrid solution, where legacy
portions of the solution still run on OWB while non-legacy portions are implemented with ODI could possibly
reduce the overall value of the solution by introducing increased support and maintenance costs.

The Phased Approach: Adding Value

So the Big Bang approach is attractive to producers of enterprise software and organizations with a BICC.
What about the rest of us? Organizations are already delivering more with less, and struggling to meet the
daily needs of their stakeholders with current roadmaps. Giving the green light to a new tool migration project
seems like a million miles away. On the other side of the spectrum, we have the side-by-side approach that
relegates our OWB processes to "legacy" status and puts them out to pasture until they die.

Maybe we should consider a third option: an approach that utilizes runtime integration and the Migration Utility,
blending the long-term goal of migrating to ODI 12c with the short-term focus on providing value to the
business. We'll call this the "phased approach," and its mission statement is simple:

"Any task undertaken to migrate content from OWB to ODI will add immediate value to our BI stakeholders."
Perhaps this mission statement seems antithetical. Is it possible to add value to a process of migrating
functionality from one platform to another? Obviously, when the OWB process we are migrating needs an
enhancement, we see the immediate value-add. Can we extend the reach of the phased approach even
further, finding opportunities for migration even when those features aren't due for enhancements?

Let's investigate what the phased approach would look like. Here are the actions we take to deliver on this

1. We start by developing ODI scenarios to execute our OWB process flows inside of load plans in a
reasonably granular fashion.
2. We put our OWB workspace in "maintenance mode," allowing development only when emergency
"hot fixes" require it. All new, BI roadmap development would occur using ODI Designer content, including
mappings, procedures, packages, load plans and custom KM development. Any auto-generation tasks that
would have previously been written using TCL would instead use Groovy. At this point, we haven't deviated too
far from the side-by-side approach.

3. Current OWB content slated for enhancement would be migrated to ODI using the Migration Utility,
either one at a time or in batch, depending on how many OWB processes figure into our new enhancement.
We would tweak the migrated content to optimal execution-similar to the tweaks made above when working
with the Migration Utility-followed by developing the enhancements requested by the stakeholders.

4. We make any additional enhancements to our process-including re-architecting portions of our OWB
processes using ODI features-whenever we feel we can bring immediate value to the business.

Granular Execution of Process Flows

In Figure 13 we demonstrated an ODI package and scenario to execute MAIN_LOAD, which is our high-level,
entry-point process flow used to initiate a complete load.

Action #1 in our methodology prescribes building scenarios for our process flows, but building them as
granularly as possible. For instance, we would execute the LOAD_DIMS and LOAD_FACTS Process Flows
from Figures 9 and 10 as different steps in the same load plan as opposed to executing MAIN_LOAD as a
single step, as demonstrated in Figure 25. The reason for this will hopefully be clear a bit later on.

New ODI Development

Action #2 in our methodology recommends putting our OWB workspace in "maintenance mode," eliminating
any new development except in emergency circumstances. In this example, we'll create an ODI mapping to
load a new fact table in our BI system called SURVEYS_FACT, as demonstrated in Figure 26, using a new
feature called reusable mappings as a way to encapsulate core pieces of business logic.
Once this is complete, we need to orchestrate MAP_SURVEYS_FACT into our batch load process (Action #3),
which we do by generating a scenario for the mapping adding a new step in our load plan, as demonstrated in
Figure 27. When generating scenarios, I've used the prefixes ODI_ and OWB_ to distinguish where the
mappings exist.

But considering Action #4, we also take this opportunity to add value above and beyond what has been
requested in the new feature request. We go ahead and generate packages and corresponding scenarios for
all the OWB mappings in this subject area, and add them as individual steps in the load plan instead of having
a single step execute an OWB process flow.

Why do we want to do this? Because ODI load plans provide an important feature that OWB process flows
don't have: restartability. The "restart from failed children" setting allows us to gracefully recover from failed
executions. If one of the dimension loads fails, we would be able to correct the issues with that single mapping
and then restart the load plan knowing that any of the mappings that succeeded would not run again during the
restart. This adds immediate value to stakeholders by minimizing the time and effort associated with recovering
from failed runs, and holds true to our mission statement.
Piecemeal Migrations: "Just in Time" Development
Now we find ourselves needing to modify the logic in the OWB mapping MAP_SALES_FACT. The business
has requested an enhancement to the way discounts are calculated, so we need new logic for the DISCOUNT
measure in the SALES_FACT table. It's time to follow Action 3) above in our methodology, using the Migration
Utility to get an ODI version of this mapping so we can change the specific calculations. We tweak the value of
MIGRATION_OBJECTS in our Migration Utility configuration file, as shown below, to execute the migration for
a single mapping:


We start with the migrated ODI mapping, demonstrated above in Figure 19. We encapsulate the new discount
calculation logic in a reusable mapping, as demonstrated in Figure 28, so that any subsequent processes that
need to pull this source data will be able to use the join logic as corresponding discount calculations in a
single, unified process.
Alone, 12c provides a tremendous amount of new functionality, beginning with the new declarative flow-based
design paradigm that will feel familiar to developers of other ETL tools, especially OWB. This paradigm
provides a much easier transition for OWB developers than was perhaps possible with previous versions of
ODI. Combined with Runtime Integration and the Migration Utility, OWB customers are now secure in the years
of investment placed in OWB. There's never been a better time to migrate to ODI, and this article has outlined
three different approaches organizations can take.

Using a geographic metaphor, if the Big Bang approach is represented as one coast and the side-by-side
approach as the other coast, then the phased approach is like the "flyover states" and will find an audience
within diverse types of organizations. These approaches all have distinct value and provide ROI to customers
in different ways. Whether our OWB investment is strictly legacy in nature, or alive and flourishing, we can now
move forward to a future in ODI that reduces migration risk and adds value specific to an organization's needs.

About the Author

Stewart Bryson, Chief Innovation Officer at Rittman Mead, is an Oracle ACE specializing in business
intelligence. He is a prolific writer and a frequent speaker at Oracle community events including Oracle Open
World, ODTUG Kaleidoscope, IOUG Collaborate, RMOUG Training Days, and UKOUG Conference and