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United States Patent [19] [11] Patent Number: 4,477,222

Wolf [45] Date of Patent: Oct. 16, 1984

[54] MOUNTING CONSTRUcnON FOR 4,191,509 3/1980 Leonardi ......................... 416/219 R


TURBINE VANE ASSEMBLY, Primary Examiner-Robert E. Garrett
,[75] Inventor: Daniel S. Wolf, North Palm Beach, Assistant Examiner-Joseph M. Pitko
Fla. Attorney, Agent. or Firm-Donald J. Singer; John R.
Flanagan
[73] Assignee: The United States of America as
represented by the Secretary of the [57] ABSTRACI'
Air Force, Washington, D.C. A turbine vane assembly of a gas turbine engine in-
[21] 'Appl. No.: 431,435 cludes inner and outer shroud walls and a plurality of
airfoil-shaped vanes extending between and connected
[22] Filed: Sep. 30, 1982
at their opposite ends with the inner and outer shroud
[51] Int. Cl.3 ................................................ FOlD 9/04 walls. The mounting construction of the vane ends to
[52] U.S. Cl. .................................................... 415/138 the respective shroud walls includes a plurality of re-
[58] Field of Search ................ 415/134, 137, 138, 139 cessed ledges defined in the shroud walls along respec-
[56] References Cited tive ones of the ends of the vanes. Each ledge forms a
gap between the respective wall and vane end extend-
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS ing from a trailing edge pressure side of the vane along
890,635 6/1908 Fox ................................. 415/139 X the pressure side to a location approximately midway
2,681,788 6/1954 Wosika ................................ 415/137 between the trailing and leading edges of the pressure
2,702,688 2/1955 Ericson ............................... 415/137 side of the vane. The remainder of the vane end is rig-
2,801,076 7/1957 Terrell et aI .................... 415/138 X
2,960,306 11/1960 Collman et aI..................... 415/138 idly connected to the respective shroud wall.
3,817,657 6/1974 Hueber ................................ 416/244
3,908,447 9/1975 Salt .......................................... 73/91 4 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures

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u.s. Patent Oct. 16, 1984 4,477,222

20
12

24
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32
32 36
44
28 48 30
50 32 34
44 36
48 30
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28 30

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32 28 42
50 24
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is 42
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4,477,222
1 2
connects them together, such as by brazing. The objec-
MOUNTING CONSTRUCfION FOR TURBINE tive of providing the gap is to increase the fatigue life of
VANE ASSEMBLY a high pressure vane by allowing free thermal expansion
of its trailing edge pressure sidle at outer and inner
RIGHTS OF THE GOVERNMENT 5 shroud wall intersections therewith, and to do so in a
The invention described herein may be manufactured way which is simple and low in. cost for brazed vane
and used by or for the Government of the United States construction.
for all governmental purposes without the payment of Accordingly, the present invention is directed to a
any royalty. ' turbine vane assembly of a gas turbine engine which
. ill includes an inner shroud wall, an outer shroud wall, one
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION or more airfoil-shaped vanes extending between and
1. Field of the Invention connected at their opposite ends with the inner and
The present invention broadly relates to vane assem- outer shroud walls, and a plurallity of recessed ledges
blies in gas turbine engines and, more particularly, is defined in the shroud walls along respective ones of the
concerned with an improved mounting construction for 15 ends of the vanes. Each ledge fonns a gap between the
a high pressure vane which increases the fatigue life respective wall and the vane end extending from a trail-
thereof. ing edge pressure side of the vane to a location approxi-
2. Description of the Prior Art mately midway between the trailing edge and leading
In conventional gas turbine engines, working medium edge of the pressure side of the vane. More particularly,
gases are compressed in a compression section of the 20 each gap extends along the vane pressure side approxi-
engine and then flowed to a combustion section where mately forty percent of the chord length of the vane
fuel is mixed with the gases and burned to add energy to end.
the flowing medium. The high energy medium is subse-
quently flowed to a turbine section where a portion of BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
the energy is extracted and applied to drive the engine 25 FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a gas turbine
c0!ri:resso~. engine which incorporates the vane assembly of the
e turbme section includes a plurality of alternating present invention.
rows of rotor blades and stator vanes. Each row of
stator vanes directs the working medium gases to a FIG. 2 ~s a p~rspective view ~f th~ vane assembly.
preferred angle of entry into the downstream row of 30 FIG. 3 IS a d!fferent. perspec~[ve vIew of one of the
rotor blades. The rotor blades in turn extract energy shroud walls, wIth the mtersectlon of the wall. and v~ne
from the medium gases for driving the engine compres- end, as well as the gap therebetween, shown m outhne
sor. form.
One factor limiting the life of stator vanes is low F~G. 4 is ~n enlarged fragmelIltary ~ectional view of
fatigue life of the material from which the respective 35 the mtersectl?n of the shroud wall wIth the vane end
components are fabricated due to the thermal expansion taken alon.g hne 4-4 of FI~. 2. . .
of the material during engine operation. U.S. Pat. No. . FIG: 5 IS a fragmenta!y SIde elevatlOnal vIew partly
3,908,446 to Salt recognizes that fatigue life of materials m sectIon, taken along lme 5-5 of FIG. 4.
used in articles, such as parts found in gas turbine en- DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
gine, is affected by the design of the articles. By chang- 40 INVENTION
ing the design to reduce the stress in a critical area, the
useful life of the article may be increased. The Salt Referring now to the drawings, and more particu-
patent mentions several ways to change the design of larly to FIG. 1, there is shown:a gas turbine engine or
the part to reduce stress, such as by changing the con- powerplant, generally designated 10, which has an air
tour of a fillet or by reshaping or eliminating cavities or 4S inlet 12, a compressor section 14, a combustion section
holes. 16, a turbine section 18, and an ,exhaust section or duct
Absent from the prior art is a simple technique for 20.
constructing a turbine vane assembly so as to accommo- In its general mode of operation, air enters the power··
date thermal expansion between its parts. In some con- plant 10 through air inlet 12, is compressed as it passes
ventional constructions, all of the parts are rigidly 50 through the compressor section 14, is heated in a power
brazed together. Alternatively, in other conventional generating function by combustion chambers (not
construction the parts of the assembly may be cast to- shown) of the combustion section 16, then passes
gether as a single, integrally-formed piece. Neither of through the turbine section 18 in a power extraction
these constructions will permit differential thermal ex- function, and, finally, is exhausted in jet exhaust fashion
pansion between parts without increasing the incidence 55 through the exhaust duct 20. The turbine section llil
of material fatigue. Consequently! a need exists for a includes a plurality of alternating rows (not shown) of
mounting construction which accommodates for differ- rotor blades and stator vanes. Each row of stator vanes,
ential thermal expansion in a simple and effective man- comprised of a plurality of turbine vane assemblies 22
nero (one being shown in FIG. 2) connected together to
60 form a ring (not shown), directs; working medium gases
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION from the combustion section 16 into a downstream row
The present invention provides a mounting construc- of rotor blades. The rotor blades then extract energy
tion for a turbine vane assembly which is designed to from the medium gases for driving the engine compres-
satisfy the aforementioned needs. The unique feature of sor of section 14.
the vane assembly mountjng construction is the provi- 6S As shown in FIG. 2, each turbine vane assembly 2:il
sion of a gap between a portion of the shroud wall and preferably includes an inner shroud wall 24, an outer
an end of each vane of the assembly, while the remain- shroud wall 26 and a plurality of airfoil-shaped vanes 2§
der of the joint between the wall and vane end rigidly extending between and connecting with the walls 24,
4,477,222
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26. (While two vanes are illustrated in the assembly 22, described being merely a preferred or exemplary em-
one vane or more than two vanes are also possible.) The bodiment thereof.
walls are slightly arcuate in shape along their longitudi- Having thus described the invention, what is claimed
nal axes, which extend generally perpendicular to the is:
chord length of the vanes, such that when the walls of 5 1. A turbine vane assembly of a gas turbine engine,
a plurality of such assemblies 22 are placed end to end comprises:
they will form parallel annular shroud rings with a (a) an inner shroud wall;
continuous row of vanes therebetween. (b) an outer shroud wall;
Each vane 28 has leading and trailing edges 30, 32 (c) at least one airfoil-shaped vane having opposite
opposite pressure and suction sides 34, 36, and opposite 10 ends and extending between and rigidly connected
upper and lower ends 38, 40. A continuous rigid con- at its opposite ends with said inner and outer
nection 42, such as shown in outline form in FIG. 3, is shroud walls; and
provided between each shroud wall 24, 26 and each end (d) a recessed ledge defined in each said shroud walls
38, 40 of vanes 28 extending from a first terminus 44 at along respective ones of said ends of said vane,
the trailing edge 32, along the suction side 36 to the 15 each ledge forming a gap between said respective
leading edge 30 of side 36, around the leading edge 30, wall and said vane end extending from a trailing
and to a second terminus 46 along the pressure side 34 edge pressure side of said vane along said pressure
located approximately intermediate of the leading and side to a location approximately midway between
trailing edges 30, 32 of the vane pressure side 34. The said trailing edge and a leading edge of said pres-
connection 42 is preferably made by a conventional 20 sure side of said vane.
brazing operation. 2. The turbine vane assembly as recited in claim 1,
In accordance with the principles of the present in- wherein each said gap extends along said vane pressure
vention, a recessed ledge 48 is defined in each shroud side approximately forty percent of the chord length of
said vane end.
wall 24, 26 (not shown in wall 26) so as to form a gap 50 25
3. In a turbine vane assembly of a gas turbine engine,
between the wall and the respective vane end 38, 40.
including an inner shroud wall, an outer shroud wall,
(Since the ledge on outer shroud wall 26 is a mirror and a plurality of airfoil-shaped vanes extending be-
image of the ledge 48 on inner shroud wall 24, the de- tween said walls, each of said vanes having leading and
scription and illustration of ledge 48 in relation to wall trailing edges, opposite pressure and suction sides, and
24 will suffice for both.) The ledge 48, and consequently 30 opposite upper and lower ends, an improved construc-
the gap 50, extend from the first terminus 44 of the tion for mounting each vane end to a corresponding
continuous rigid connection 42 at the trailing edge 32 shroud wall, said mounting construction comprising:
along the pressure side 34 to the second terminus 46 of (a) a continuous rigid connection between said
the connection 42 at the intermediate location along the shroud wall and said vane end extending from a
vane pressure side 34. Preferably, the gap 50 extends 35 first terminous at said trailing edge, along said suc-
along the vane pressure side 34 approximately forty tion side to said leading edge suction side, around
percent of the chord length of the vane ends 38, 40. said leading edge, and to a second terminus along
It will be seen, therefore, that the portion of the upper said pressure side located approximately intermedi-
and lower vane ends 38, 40 bordering the upper and ate of said leading and trailing edges of said vane
lower gaps 50 are free to thermally expand relative to 40 pressure side; and
the remaining portions of the vanes 28. An alternate (b) a recessed ledge defined in said wall which forms
construction of the assembly can be a cast assembly in a gap between said wall and said vane end extend-
which the gap is cut out from the cast material at the ing from said first terminus of said continuous rigid
desired region of the intersection of the shroud walls connection at said trailing edge, along said pressure
and vane ends corresponding to gap 50 in assembly 22. 45 side to said second terminus of said connection at
It is thought that the present invention and many of said intermediate location along said vane pressure
its attendant advantages will be understood from the side.
foregoing description and it will be apparent that vari- 4. The turbine vane assembly as recited in claim 3,
ous changes may be made in the form, construction and wherein each gap extends along said vane pressure side
arrangement of the parts thereof without departing 50 approximately forty percent of the chord length of said
from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing
all of its material advantages, the form hereinbefore
vane end.
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