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Tablas y Diagramas de Tecnologa Frigorfica

CORONEL TORO, JUAN FRANCISCO

Escuela Tcnica Superior de Ingeniera


Universidad de Sevilla
Tablas y Diagramas de Tecnologa Frigorfica

CORONEL TORO, JUAN FRANCISCO

2014

Seccin de Publicaciones
Escuela Tcnica Superior de Ingeniera
Universidad de Sevilla
Publicaciones de la E.T.S.I. Otros formatos
Identificador: 704
Ao: 2014

Ttulo: Tablas y Diagramas de Tecnologa Frigorfica


Autores: CORONEL TORO, JUAN FRANCISCO
Seccin de Publicaciones
Edita: Escuela Tcnica Superior de Ingeniera
Universidad Sevilla

El contenido de este documento es responsabilidad de los autores.


Prohibida la reproduccin o distribucin total o parcial de este documento por cualquier medio sin la autorizacin
expresa de los autores
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Autor: Juan Francisco Coronel Toro


Profesor Titular de Universidad
Dpto. de Ingeniera Energtica (Grupo Termotecnia)
Universidad de Sevilla

Este documento est basado en versiones anteriores desarrolladas por:

D. Ramn Velzquez Vila


D. Jos Guerra Macho
D. Servando lvarez Domnguez
D. Jos Luis Molina Flix
D. David Velzquez Alonso
D. Luis Prez-Lombard
D. Juan F. Coronel Toro

Todos ellos pertenecientes al Grupo de Termotecnia.

Parte de la informacin ha sido tomada de las siguientes referencias:

! ASHRAE Handbook, Fundamentals 1997 SI Edition, Ed. ASHRAE (1997).

! COOLPACK, A collection of simulations tools for refrigeration, Versin 1.46, Department of


Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, (2000).

! KLEIN, S.A. y ALVARADO, F.L., Engineering Equation Solver Software (EES), Academia
Versin 6.271 (20-07-2001).

! RAMIREZ J.A. Refrigeracin. Ediciones CEAC (1994)

! STOECKER, W.F. Industrial Refrigeration Handbook. 1st ed. McGraw Hill (1998)

! PINAZO OJER, J.M. Clculos en Instalaciones Frigorficas. 1 ed. Servicio de Publicaciones de


la Universidad Politcnica de Valencia (1995)

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Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

ndice
1. Diagramas sicromtricos____________________________________________________________3
Grfica 1.1: Diagrama sicromtrico ASHRAE___________________________________________________3
Grfica 1.2: Diagrama sicromtrico ASHRAE para bajas temp.______________________________________4
2. Propiedades de los principales refrigerantes_____________________________________________5
Tabla 2.1: Propiedades del R-717, lquido y vapor saturado_________________________________________5
Tabla 2.2: Propiedades R-22, lquido y vapor saturado_____________________________________________6
Tabla 2.3: Propiedades R-134a, lquido y vapor saturado___________________________________________7
Tabla 2.4: Entalpa R-717, lquido y vapor no saturado_____________________________________________8
Tabla 2.5: Entropa R-717, lquido y el vapor no saturado__________________________________________9
Tabla 2.6: Volumen especfico R-717, lquido y vapor no saturado__________________________________10
Tabla 2.7: Entalpa R-22, lquido y vapor no saturado_____________________________________________11
Tabla 2.8: Entropa R-22, lquido y el vapor no saturado__________________________________________12
Tabla 2.9: Volumen especfico R-22, lquido y vapor no saturado___________________________________13
Tabla 2.10: Entalpa R-134a, lquido y el vapor no saturado________________________________________14
Tabla 2.11: Entropa R-134a, lquido y el vapor no saturado________________________________________15
Tabla 2.12: Volumen esp. R-134a, lquido y el vapor no saturado____________________________________16
3. Tuberas y accesorios para refrigerantes_______________________________________________17
Tabla 3.1: Dimensiones normalizadas en tuberas comerciales de cobre para refrigerantes________________17
Tabla 3.2: Dimensiones normalizadas en tuberas comerciales de acero para refrigerantes________________17
Grfica 3.1: baco de Moody_______________________________________________________________18
Tabla 3.3: Coeficiente K de prdida de presin en vlvulas y accesorios______________________________19
Tabla 3.4: Longitudes equivalentes (m) de prdida de presin en vlvulas y accesorios__________________20

2
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

1. Diagramas sicromtricos
Grfica 1.1: Diagrama sicromtrico ASHRAE

3
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Grfica 1.2: Diagrama sicromtrico ASHRAE para bajas temp.

4
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

2. Propiedades de los principales refrigerantes


Tabla 2.1: Propiedades del R-717, lquido y vapor saturado
R-717, NH3, Amoniaco
T P l vg hl hg sl sg
(C) (kPa) (kg/ m) (m/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kgK) (kJ/kgK)
-50 40.8 702.1 2.6289 -24.7 1391.2 0.094 6.440
-48 45.9 699.7 2.3565 -16.0 1394.6 0.133 6.399
-46 51.5 697.4 2.1169 -7.2 1397.9 0.172 6.358
-44 57.6 695.0 1.9057 1.5 1401.3 0.211 6.319
-42 64.3 692.6 1.7191 10.3 1404.5 0.249 6.281
-40 71.7 690.2 1.5539 19.2 1407.8 0.287 6.243
-38 79.7 687.7 1.4073 28.0 1411.0 0.324 6.206
-36 88.4 685.3 1.2769 36.9 1414.1 0.362 6.170
-34 97.9 682.8 1.1607 45.8 1417.2 0.399 6.134
-32 108.2 680.3 1.0570 54.7 1420.3 0.436 6.099
-30 119.4 677.8 0.9642 63.6 1423.3 0.473 6.065
-28 131.5 675.3 0.8810 72.6 1426.3 0.510 6.032
-26 144.6 672.8 0.8062 81.5 1429.2 0.546 5.999
-24 158.6 670.3 0.7390 90.5 1432.1 0.582 5.967
-22 173.8 667.7 0.6784 99.5 1434.9 0.618 5.935
-20 190.1 665.1 0.6237 108.6 1437.7 0.654 5.904
-18 207.6 662.6 0.5742 117.6 1440.4 0.689 5.874
-16 226.3 660.0 0.5294 126.7 1443.1 0.725 5.844
-14 246.4 657.3 0.4888 135.8 1445.7 0.760 5.814
-12 267.9 654.7 0.4518 144.9 1448.2 0.795 5.785
-10 290.8 652.1 0.4182 154.0 1450.7 0.829 5.757
-8 315.2 649.4 0.3875 163.2 1453.1 0.864 5.729
-6 341.2 646.7 0.3596 172.3 1455.5 0.898 5.701
-4 368.9 644.0 0.3340 181.5 1457.8 0.932 5.674
-2 398.3 641.3 0.3106 190.8 1460.1 0.966 5.647
0 429.6 638.6 0.2892 200.0 1462.2 1.000 5.621
2 462.6 635.8 0.2695 209.3 1464.3 1.034 5.595
4 497.7 633.1 0.2514 218.6 1466.4 1.067 5.569
6 534.8 630.3 0.2348 227.9 1468.4 1.100 5.544
8 573.9 627.5 0.2195 237.2 1470.3 1.133 5.519
10 615.3 624.6 0.2053 246.6 1472.1 1.166 5.494
12 658.9 621.8 0.1923 256.0 1473.9 1.199 5.470
14 704.9 618.9 0.1802 265.4 1475.5 1.232 5.446
16 753.3 616.0 0.1691 274.8 1477.2 1.264 5.422
18 804.2 613.1 0.1587 284.3 1478.7 1.297 5.399
20 857.8 610.2 0.1491 293.8 1480.1 1.329 5.376
22 914.0 607.2 0.1402 303.3 1481.5 1.361 5.353
24 972.9 604.3 0.1320 312.9 1482.8 1.393 5.330
26 1034.8 601.3 0.1243 322.5 1484.0 1.425 5.307
28 1099.5 598.2 0.1171 332.1 1485.1 1.456 5.285
30 1167.4 595.2 0.1104 341.8 1486.2 1.488 5.263
32 1238.3 592.1 0.1042 351.5 1487.1 1.520 5.241
34 1312.5 589.0 0.0984 361.2 1488.0 1.551 5.219
36 1390.0 585.8 0.0930 371.0 1488.7 1.582 5.198
38 1470.9 582.6 0.0879 380.8 1489.4 1.613 5.176
40 1555.3 579.4 0.0831 390.6 1489.9 1.645 5.155
42 1643.3 576.2 0.0786 400.5 1490.4 1.676 5.134
44 1735.1 572.9 0.0745 410.5 1490.7 1.707 5.113
46 1830.6 569.6 0.0705 420.5 1491.0 1.737 5.092
48 1930.0 566.3 0.0668 430.5 1491.1 1.768 5.071
50 2033.5 562.9 0.0634 440.6 1491.1 1.799 5.050
52 2141.0 559.4 0.0601 450.8 1491.0 1.830 5.029
54 2252.8 556.0 0.0570 461.0 1490.8 1.860 5.008
56 2368.9 552.4 0.0541 471.2 1490.5 1.891 4.988
58 2489.4 548.9 0.0514 481.6 1490.0 1.922 4.967
60 2614.5 545.2 0.0488 492.0 1489.4 1.952 4.946
62 2744.2 541.6 0.0464 502.4 1488.6 1.983 4.926
64 2878.7 537.8 0.0441 513.0 1487.7 2.014 4.905
66 3018.1 534.1 0.0419 523.6 1486.6 2.044 4.884
68 3162.5 530.2 0.0398 534.3 1485.4 2.075 4.863
70 3312.0 526.3 0.0379 545.0 1484.1 2.105 4.842
Fuente: Tillner-Roth, Harms-Watzenberg, and Baehr, Eine neue Fundamentalgleichung fur Ammoniak, DKV-Tagungsbericht 20:167-181,
1993.

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Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.2: Propiedades R-22, lquido y vapor saturado


R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano
T P l vg hl hg sl sg
(C) (kPa) (kg/ m) (m/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kgK) (kJ/kgK)
-50 64.5 1435.4 0.3236 143.6 383.2 0.773 1.847
-48 71.4 1429.7 0.2943 145.8 384.1 0.783 1.842
-46 78.9 1423.9 0.2682 147.9 385.1 0.793 1.837
-44 87.0 1418.2 0.2448 150.1 386.0 0.802 1.832
-42 95.8 1412.4 0.2239 152.3 387.0 0.812 1.827
-40 105.2 1406.5 0.2051 154.5 387.9 0.821 1.822
-38 115.4 1400.7 0.1882 156.7 388.9 0.831 1.818
-36 126.3 1394.8 0.1729 159.0 389.8 0.840 1.813
-34 138.0 1388.9 0.1592 161.2 390.7 0.849 1.809
-32 150.5 1382.9 0.1467 163.4 391.6 0.859 1.805
-30 163.9 1376.9 0.1354 165.6 392.5 0.868 1.801
-28 178.2 1370.9 0.1252 167.9 393.4 0.877 1.797
-26 193.5 1364.8 0.1159 170.1 394.3 0.886 1.793
-24 209.7 1358.7 0.1074 172.4 395.2 0.895 1.789
-22 227.0 1352.6 0.0997 174.6 396.1 0.904 1.786
-20 245.4 1346.4 0.0926 176.9 396.9 0.913 1.782
-18 264.8 1340.1 0.0862 179.2 397.8 0.922 1.779
-16 285.5 1333.8 0.0802 181.4 398.6 0.931 1.775
-14 307.4 1327.5 0.0748 183.7 399.5 0.939 1.772
-12 330.5 1321.1 0.0698 186.0 400.3 0.948 1.769
-10 354.9 1314.7 0.0652 188.3 401.1 0.957 1.765
-8 380.6 1308.2 0.0610 190.6 401.9 0.966 1.762
-6 407.8 1301.6 0.0571 193.0 402.7 0.974 1.759
-4 436.4 1295.0 0.0535 195.3 403.5 0.983 1.756
-2 466.5 1288.3 0.0502 197.6 404.2 0.991 1.753
0 498.1 1281.6 0.0471 200.0 405.0 1.000 1.750
2 531.4 1274.8 0.0442 202.4 405.7 1.009 1.748
4 566.2 1268.0 0.0416 204.7 406.4 1.017 1.745
6 602.8 1261.0 0.0391 207.1 407.2 1.025 1.742
8 641.1 1254.0 0.0368 209.5 407.8 1.034 1.739
10 681.2 1247.0 0.0347 211.9 408.5 1.042 1.737
12 723.1 1239.8 0.0327 214.3 409.2 1.051 1.734
14 766.9 1232.6 0.0308 216.8 409.8 1.059 1.731
16 812.7 1225.2 0.0291 219.2 410.5 1.067 1.729
18 860.5 1217.8 0.0275 221.7 411.1 1.076 1.726
20 910.3 1210.3 0.0260 224.2 411.7 1.084 1.724
22 962.3 1202.7 0.0246 226.6 412.2 1.092 1.721
24 1016.4 1195.0 0.0232 229.1 412.8 1.101 1.719
26 1072.7 1187.2 0.0220 231.7 413.3 1.109 1.716
28 1131.3 1179.3 0.0208 234.2 413.8 1.117 1.714
30 1192.3 1171.2 0.0197 236.8 414.3 1.126 1.711
32 1255.6 1163.1 0.0187 239.3 414.7 1.134 1.709
34 1321.4 1154.8 0.0177 241.9 415.2 1.142 1.706
36 1389.8 1146.3 0.0168 244.5 415.6 1.150 1.704
38 1460.6 1137.8 0.0159 247.2 415.9 1.159 1.701
40 1534.1 1129.0 0.0151 249.8 416.3 1.167 1.699
42 1610.3 1120.2 0.0143 252.5 416.6 1.175 1.696
44 1689.3 1111.1 0.0136 255.2 416.9 1.184 1.693
46 1771.1 1101.8 0.0129 257.9 417.1 1.192 1.691
48 1855.7 1092.4 0.0122 260.6 417.3 1.200 1.688
50 1943.3 1082.7 0.0116 263.4 417.5 1.209 1.685
52 2034.0 1072.9 0.0110 266.2 417.6 1.217 1.683
54 2127.7 1062.7 0.0105 269.1 417.7 1.225 1.680
56 2224.6 1052.3 0.0099 271.9 417.7 1.234 1.677
58 2324.7 1041.7 0.0094 274.8 417.7 1.242 1.674
60 2428.1 1030.7 0.0090 277.8 417.6 1.251 1.671
62 2534.9 1019.3 0.0085 280.8 417.5 1.260 1.667
64 2645.2 1007.6 0.0081 283.8 417.3 1.268 1.664
66 2759.0 995.5 0.0076 286.9 417.0 1.277 1.661
68 2876.4 982.9 0.0072 290.0 416.6 1.286 1.657
70 2997.7 969.8 0.0068 293.2 416.1 1.295 1.653
Fuente: Wagner W., Marx V. y Prob A. , A New Equation of State for Chlorodifluoromethane covering the entire fluid region from 116 K to
550 K at pressures up to 200 MPa, Int. J. Refrig, 16:373, 1993.

6
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.3: Propiedades R-134a, lquido y vapor saturado


R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano
T P l vg hl hg sl sg
(C) (kPa) (kg/ m) (m/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kg) (kJ/kgK) (kJ/kgK)
-50 29.5 1446.3 0.6056 135.7 367.6 0.741 1.780
-48 33.1 1440.6 0.5436 138.2 368.9 0.752 1.777
-46 37.0 1434.9 0.4891 140.6 370.2 0.763 1.774
-44 41.4 1429.2 0.4410 143.1 371.5 0.774 1.770
-42 46.1 1423.5 0.3985 145.6 372.7 0.785 1.767
-40 51.2 1417.7 0.3608 148.1 374.0 0.796 1.764
-38 56.9 1411.9 0.3273 150.7 375.3 0.806 1.761
-36 62.9 1406.1 0.2975 153.2 376.5 0.817 1.759
-34 69.6 1400.2 0.2709 155.7 377.8 0.828 1.756
-32 76.7 1394.3 0.2471 158.2 379.1 0.838 1.754
-30 84.4 1388.4 0.2258 160.8 380.3 0.849 1.751
-28 92.8 1382.4 0.2067 163.3 381.6 0.859 1.749
-26 101.7 1376.5 0.1895 165.9 382.8 0.869 1.747
-24 111.4 1370.4 0.1739 168.5 384.1 0.880 1.745
-22 121.7 1364.4 0.1600 171.1 385.3 0.890 1.743
-20 132.8 1358.3 0.1473 173.6 386.5 0.900 1.741
-18 144.7 1352.1 0.1358 176.2 387.8 0.910 1.740
-16 157.4 1345.9 0.1254 178.8 389.0 0.921 1.738
-14 170.9 1339.7 0.1160 181.4 390.2 0.931 1.736
-12 185.4 1333.4 0.1074 184.1 391.4 0.941 1.735
-10 200.7 1327.1 0.0995 186.7 392.7 0.951 1.733
-8 217.1 1320.8 0.0924 189.3 393.9 0.961 1.732
-6 234.4 1314.3 0.0858 192.0 395.1 0.971 1.731
-4 252.9 1307.9 0.0798 194.6 396.2 0.980 1.729
-2 272.4 1301.4 0.0743 197.3 397.4 0.990 1.728
0 293.0 1294.8 0.0693 200.0 398.6 1.000 1.727
2 314.8 1288.1 0.0646 202.7 399.8 1.010 1.726
4 337.9 1281.4 0.0603 205.4 400.9 1.019 1.725
6 362.2 1274.7 0.0564 208.1 402.1 1.029 1.724
8 387.9 1267.9 0.0528 210.8 403.2 1.039 1.723
10 414.9 1261.0 0.0494 213.6 404.3 1.048 1.722
12 443.3 1254.0 0.0463 216.3 405.4 1.058 1.721
14 473.2 1246.9 0.0434 219.1 406.5 1.068 1.720
16 504.6 1239.8 0.0407 221.9 407.6 1.077 1.720
18 537.5 1232.6 0.0383 224.7 408.7 1.087 1.719
20 572.1 1225.3 0.0360 227.5 409.7 1.096 1.718
22 608.3 1218.0 0.0338 230.3 410.8 1.106 1.717
24 646.2 1210.5 0.0318 233.1 411.8 1.115 1.716
26 685.8 1202.9 0.0300 236.0 412.8 1.125 1.716
28 727.3 1195.2 0.0282 238.8 413.8 1.134 1.715
30 770.6 1187.5 0.0266 241.7 414.8 1.143 1.714
32 815.9 1179.6 0.0251 244.6 415.8 1.153 1.714
34 863.1 1171.6 0.0237 247.5 416.7 1.162 1.713
36 912.4 1163.4 0.0224 250.5 417.6 1.172 1.712
38 963.7 1155.2 0.0211 253.4 418.5 1.181 1.712
40 1017.1 1146.7 0.0200 256.4 419.4 1.190 1.711
42 1072.8 1138.2 0.0189 259.4 420.3 1.200 1.710
44 1130.7 1129.5 0.0178 262.4 421.1 1.209 1.710
46 1190.9 1120.6 0.0169 265.5 421.9 1.219 1.709
48 1253.6 1111.5 0.0159 268.5 422.7 1.228 1.708
50 1318.6 1102.3 0.0151 271.6 423.4 1.237 1.707
52 1386.2 1092.9 0.0143 274.7 424.1 1.247 1.706
54 1456.3 1083.2 0.0135 277.9 424.8 1.256 1.705
56 1529.0 1073.4 0.0128 281.1 425.4 1.266 1.704
58 1604.5 1063.2 0.0121 284.3 426.0 1.275 1.703
60 1682.8 1052.9 0.0114 287.5 426.6 1.285 1.702
62 1763.8 1042.2 0.0108 290.8 427.1 1.294 1.701
64 1847.9 1031.3 0.0102 294.1 427.6 1.304 1.700
66 1934.9 1020.0 0.0097 297.4 428.0 1.314 1.699
68 2025.0 1008.3 0.0091 300.8 428.3 1.323 1.697
70 2118.2 996.3 0.0086 304.3 428.6 1.333 1.695
Fuente: R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr, An International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1,1,1,2-
Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for Temperatures from 170 K to 455 K and Pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5,
1994.

7
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.4: Entalpa R-717, lquido y vapor no saturado


h (kJ/kg), R-717, NH3, Amoniaco

8
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.5: Entropa R-717, lquido y el vapor no saturado


s (kJ/kgK), R-717, NH3, Amoniaco

9
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.6: Volumen especfico R-717, lquido y vapor no saturado


v (m/kg), R-717, NH3, Amoniaco

10
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.7: Entalpa R-22, lquido y vapor no saturado


h (kJ/kg), R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano

11
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.8: Entropa R-22, lquido y el vapor no saturado


s (kJ/kgK), R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano

12
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.9: Volumen especfico R-22, lquido y vapor no saturado


v (m/kg), R-22, CHClF2, Clorodifluormetano

13
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.10: Entalpa R-134a, lquido y el vapor no saturado


h (kJ/kg), R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano

14
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.11: Entropa R-134a, lquido y el vapor no saturado


s (kJ/kgK), R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano

15
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 2.12: Volumen esp. R-134a, lquido y el vapor no saturado


v (m/kg), R-134a, CH2F-CF3, 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoretano

16
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

3. Tuberas y accesorios para refrigerantes


Tabla 3.1: Dimensiones normalizadas en tuberas comerciales de
cobre para refrigerantes

Rollo de tubo Barra de tubo


Dimetro Dext Dext esp esp Dint Dint esp esp Dint Dint
nominal (pulgada) (mm) (pulgada) (mm) (pulgada) (mm) (pulgada) (mm) (pulgada) (mm)
3/16" 0.1875 4.763 0.030 0.762 0.1275 3.239
1/4" 0.2500 6.350 0.030 0.762 0.1900 4.826
5/16" 0.3125 7.938 0.030 0.762 0.2525 6.414
3/8" 0.3750 9.525 0.030 0.762 0.3150 8.001 0.030 0.762 0.315 8.001
1/2" 0.5000 12.700 0.030 0.762 0.4400 11.176 0.030 0.762 0.440 11.176
5/8" 0.6250 15.875 0.032 0.813 0.5610 14.249 0.030 0.762 0.565 14.351
3/4" 0.7500 19.050 0.035 0.889 0.6800 17.272 0.032 0.813 0.686 17.424
7/8" 0.8750 22.225 0.035 0.889 0.8050 20.447 0.032 0.813 0.811 20.599
1" 1.0000 25.400 0.035 0.889 0.930 23.622
1-1/8" 1.1250 28.575 0.040 1.016 1.045 26.543
1-3/8" 1.3750 34.925 0.042 1.067 1.291 32.791
1-5/8" 1.6250 41.275 0.050 1.270 1.525 38.735
2-1/8" 2.1250 53.975 0.060 1.524 2.005 50.927
2-5/8" 2.6250 66.675 0.071 1.803 2.483 63.068
3-1/8" 3.1250 79.375 0.071 1.803 2.983 75.768
3-5/8" 3.6250 92.075 0.080 2.032 3.465 88.011
Fuente: Tarifas Salvador Escoda S.A., Mayo 2001

Tabla 3.2: Dimensiones normalizadas en tuberas comerciales de


acero para refrigerantes

Dimetro Dext esp Dint


nominal (mm) (mm) (mm)
1/8" 10.2 2.00 6.2
1/4" 13.5 2.35 8.8
3/8" 17.2 2.35 12.5
1/2" 21.3 2.65 16.0
3/4" 26.9 2.65 21.6
1" 33.7 3.25 27.2
1-1/4" 42.4 3.25 35.9
1-1/2" 48.3 3.25 41.8
2" 60.3 3.65 53.0
2-1/2" 76.1 3.65 68.8
3" 88.9 4.05 80.8
3-1/2" 101.6 4.05 93.5
4" 114.3 4.50 105.3
5" 139.7 4.85 130.0
6" 165.1 4.85 155.4
Fuente: Acero norma DIN 2440

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Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Grfica 3.1: baco de Moody

18
Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 3.3: Coeficiente K de prdida de presin en vlvulas y


accesorios

Tuberas roscadas
Dimetro Codo Curva Codo Codo doble T rama T rama Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula
nninal (mm) 90 90 45 180 alineada derivada esfrica compuerta ngulo retencin
10 2.50 - 0.38 2.50 0.90 2.70 20.00 0.40 - 8.00
15 2.10 - 0.37 2.10 0.90 2.40 14.00 0.33 - 5.50
20 1.70 0.92 0.35 1.70 0.90 2.10 10.00 0.28 6.10 3.70
25 1.50 0.78 0.34 1.50 0.90 1.80 9.00 0.24 4.60 3.00
32 1.30 0.65 0.33 1.30 0.90 1.70 8.50 0.22 3.60 2.70
40 1.20 0.54 0.32 1.20 0.90 1.60 8.00 0.19 2.90 2.50
50 1.00 0.42 0.31 1.00 0.90 1.40 7.00 0.17 2.10 2.30
65 0.85 0.35 0.30 0.85 0.90 1.30 6.50 0.16 1.60 2.20
80 0.80 0.31 0.29 0.80 0.90 1.20 6.00 0.14 1.30 2.10
100 0.70 0.24 0.28 0.70 0.90 1.10 5.70 0.12 1.00 2.00

Tuberas soldadas
Dimetro Codo Curva Curva Codo doble T rama T rama Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula
nninal (mm) 90 90 45 180 alineada derivada esfrica compuerta ngulo retencin
25 0.43 0.41 0.22 0.43 0.26 1.00 13.00 - 4.80 2.00
32 0.41 0.37 0.22 0.41 0.25 0.95 12.00 - 3.70 2.00
40 0.40 0.35 0.21 0.40 0.23 0.90 10.00 - 3.00 2.00
50 0.38 0.30 0.20 0.38 0.20 0.84 9.00 0.34 2.50 2.00
65 0.35 0.28 0.19 0.35 0.18 0.79 8.00 0.27 2.30 2.00
80 0.34 0.25 0.18 0.34 0.17 0.76 7.00 0.22 2.20 2.00
100 0.31 0.22 0.18 0.31 0.15 0.70 6.50 0.16 2.10 2.00
150 0.29 0.18 0.17 0.29 0.12 0.62 6.00 0.10 2.10 2.00
200 0.27 0.16 0.17 0.27 0.10 0.58 5.70 0.08 2.10 2.00
250 0.25 0.14 0.16 0.25 0.09 0.53 5.70 0.06 2.10 2.00
300 0.24 0.13 0.16 0.24 0.08 0.50 5.70 0.05 2.10 2.00
Fuente: Fundamentals ASHRAE - 1997, Captulo 33.

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Tablas y diagramas de tecnologa frigorfica

Tabla 3.4: Longitudes equivalentes (m) de prdida de presin en


vlvulas y accesorios

Tuberas de acero comercial


Dimetro Codo Curva Curva Codo doble T rama T rama Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula
nninal 90 90 45 180 alineada derivada esfrica compuerta ngulo retencin
1/2" 0.48 0.24 0.25 0.80 0.33 0.98 5.44 0.13 2.40 1.60
3/4" 0.65 0.32 0.35 1.08 0.44 1.33 7.34 0.17 3.24 2.15
1" 0.82 0.41 0.43 1.36 0.55 1.64 9.25 0.22 4.08 2.72
1-1/4" 1.01 0.54 0.57 1.80 0.74 2.22 12.21 0.29 5.39 3.59
1-1/2" 1.25 0.63 0.67 2.09 0.86 2.57 14.21 0.33 6.27 4.18
2" 1.59 0.79 0.85 2.65 1.04 3.12 18.02 0.42 7.95 5.30
2-1/2" 2.06 1.03 1.10 3.44 1.36 4.08 23.39 0.55 10.32 6.87
3" 2.42 1.21 1.29 4.04 1.66 4.98 27.47 0.65 12.12 8.07
4" 3.16 1.58 1.68 5.27 2.17 6.51 35.80 0.84 15.80 10.52
5" 3.90 1.95 2.08 6.50 2.64 7.92 44.20 1.04 19.50 13.00
6" 4.66 2.33 2.49 7.70 3.07 9.22 52.84 1.24 23.31 15.54

Tuberas de cobre
Dimetro Codo Curva Curva Codo doble T rama T rama Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula Vlvula
nninal 90 90 45 180 alineada derivada esfrica compuerta ngulo retencin
1/2" 0.33 0.17 0.10 0.56 0.22 0.67 3.79 0.09 1.67 1.12
5/8" 0.43 0.22 0.13 0.72 0.29 0.87 4.92 0.12 2.17 1.45
7/8" 0.62 0.31 0.19 1.04 0.42 1.25 7.07 0.17 3.12 2.08
1-1/8" 0.83 0.41 0.26 1.38 0.55 1.66 3.39 0.22 4.14 2.76
1-3/8" 1.01 0.51 0.31 1.69 0.68 2.03 11.49 0.27 5.07 3.38
1-5/8" 1.21 0.60 0.37 2.02 0.81 2.42 13.72 0.32 6.05 4.03
2-1/8" 1.61 0.80 0.49 2.68 1.07 3.21 18.21 0.43 8.03 5.35
2-5/8" 2.01 1.00 0.62 3.35 1.34 4.02 22.78 0.54 10.05 6.70
Fuente: "Clculos en Instalaciones Frigorficas", J.M. Pinazo Ojer, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia

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