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Apparatus

GAS FLOWMETER MEASUREMENT BENCH

Procedure
Experiment 1: Determination of the operation and characteristic of mass flow meter and
rotameter
1. The pressure tubing is connected and the compressor pressure is set to 1 bar.
2. Valve V1, V2 and V13 are opened.
3. Valve V13 is regulated to 10 LPM.
4. The temperature reading, TT1, pressure reading, PT1 and mass flow meter, FT1 are
recorded after the reading has stabilized.
5. Step 3 and 4 are repeated with different flow rates.
6. The experiment repeated with different compressor pressure.

Experiment 2: Determination of the operation and characteristic of venturi meter


1. The pressure tubing is connected and the compressor pressure is set to 1 bar.
2. Valve V4, V5, V9 and V10 are opened.
3. Valve V13 is regulated to 10 LPM.
4. The temperature reading, TT1, pressure reading, PT1 and mass flow meter, FT1 and
differential pressure reading, DPT1 are recorded after the reading has stabilized.
5. Step 3 and 4 are repeated with different flow rates.
6. The experiment repeated with different compressor pressure.

Experiment 3: Determination of the operation and characteristic of orifice meter


1. The pressure tubing is connected and the compressor pressure is set to 1 bar.
2. Valve V7, V8, V11 and V12 are opened.
3. Valve V13 is regulated to 10 LPM.
4. The temperature reading, TT1, pressure reading, PT1 and mass flow meter, FT1 and
differential pressure reading, DPT1 are recorded after the reading has stabilized.
5. Step 3 and 4 are repeated with different flow rates.
6. The experiment repeated with different compressor pressure.
Result for 1 bar pressure.
Experiment 1
Pressure, Mass flow Rotameter, Temperature, Mass flow Rotameter
PT1 (bar) meter, FT1 (LPM) TT1 (oC) meter reading at
(LPM) reading FT1 standard
at standard condition
condition
1 13.4 10 23.6 24.73 26.30
1 19.3 15 23.6 35.63 37.88
0.98 25.6 20 23.5 36.23 49.77
0.95 31.5 25 23.5 56.20 71.49
0.92 37.9 30 23.4 66.61 71.49
0.91 42.7 35 23.4 74.66 80.12

Experiment 2
Pressure, PT1 Rotameter, Temperature, Differential Calculated
(bar) (LPM) TT1 (oC) pressure, DPT1 flowrate, Q
(mbar) (LPM)
1.06 10 23.5 0.23 1.04
1.00 15 23.6 0.51 1.281
0.95 20 23.6 0.93 1.978
0.92 25 23.5 1.38 2.373
0.89 30 23.6 1.98 2.795
0.88 35 23.6 2.56 3.278

Experiment 3
Differential Calculated
Pressure, PT1 Rotameter, Temperature,
pressure, DPT1 flowrate, Q
(bar) (LPM) TT1 (oC)
(mbar) (LPM)
1.05 10 23.6 0.46 1.46
1.00 15 23.6 1.00 2.10
0.95 20 23.6 1.80 2.76
0.92 25 23.6 2.71 3.39
0.90 30 23.6 3.86 3.92
0.88 35 23.6 5.03 4.43
Result for 2 bar pressure.
Experiment 1
Pressure, Mass flow Rotameter, Temperature, Mass flow Rotameter
PT1 (bar) meter, FT1 (LPM) TT1 (oC) meter reading at
(LPM) reading FT1 standard
at standard condition
condition
1.79 16 10 23.8 40.72 43.70
1.74 23.0 15 23.7 57.51 61.72
1.69 30.9 20 23.6 75.88 81.44
1.94 38.1 25 23.8 104.83 112.51
1.91 46.9 30 23.6 124.55 133.67
1.89 53.3 35 23.8 140.48 150.77

Experiment 2
Pressure, PT1 Rotameter, Temperature, Differential Calculated
(bar) (LPM) TT1 (oC) pressure, DPT1 flowrate, Q
(mbar) (LPM)
2.00 10 23.7 0.23 1.43
1.96 15 23.7 0.53 2.145
1.92 20 23.7 0.95 2.84
1.89 25 23.7 1.40 3.43
1.87 30 23.8 1.99 4.06
1.85 35 23.8 2.57 4.58

Experiment 3
Pressure, PT1 Rotameter, Temperature, Differential Calculated
(bar) (LPM) TT1 (oC) pressure, DPT1 flowrate, Q
(mbar) (LPM)
2 10 23.8 0.47 2.04
1.95 15 23.8 1.05 3.02
1.92 20 23.8 1.84 3.95
1.90 25 23.8 2.75 4.89
1.88 30 23.8 3.89 5.70
1.85 35 23.8 5.14 6.49
Calculation
Experiment 1: Determination of the operation and characteristic of mass flow meter and
rotameter

The mass flow meter, FT1 unit LPM is defined at conditions 0 C, 1.0132 bar (abs).

P 1 V 1 P2 V 2
=
T1 T2

Pressure of compressor at 1 bar:

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1 ) x 13.4


=
273.15 23.6+273.15

V1=24.73

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1 ) x 19.3


=
273.15 23.6+273.15

V1=35.63

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.98 ) x 25.6


=
273.15 23.5+273.15

V1=36.23

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.95 ) x 31.5


=
273.15 24.4+ 273.15

V1=56.2

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.92 ) x 37.9


=
273.15 23.4+273.15

V1=66.61

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.91 ) x 42.7


=
273.15 23.4 +273.15

V1=74.66
The rotameter unit LPM is defined at condition 20 C, 1.0132 bar (abs)

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1 ) x 13.4


=
293.15 23.6+273.15

V1=26.30

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1 ) x 19.3


=
293.15 23.6+273.15

V1=37.88

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.98 ) x 25.6


=
293.15 23.5+273.15

V1=49.77

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.95 ) x 31.5


=
293.15 24.4+ 273.15

V1=60.32

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.92 ) x 37.9


=
293.15 23.4+273.15

V1=71.49

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+0.91 ) x 42.7


=
293.15 23.4 +273.15

V1=80.12
Experiment 2: Determination of the operation and characteristic of venturi meter

Pressure of compressor 1 bar:

D1=0.0127 m

D2=0.00635 m

0.00635
= 0.0127

=0.5

E = (1- 4)-1/2

= (1-0.54)-1/2

=1.0328

P
Density, = RT

1.06 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.5+273.15 ) K
kg

= 1.245kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.06 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 1.245 x 0.23


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 1.04 LPM
P
= RT

1 x 105 N /m 2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

= 0.852kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q(at 1 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 0.852 x 0.51


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 1.281 LPM

P
= RT

0.95 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.115 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 0.95 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 1.115 X 0.93
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 1.978LPM
P
p= RT

0.92 x 105 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.5+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.081 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 0.92bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 1.081 x 1.38


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=2.373 LPM

P
= RT

0.89 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=0.1045 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 0.89 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 0.1045 x 1.98
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=2.79 LPM
P
= RT

0.88 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 25.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.112 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 0.88 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 1.112 x 2.56


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=3.278LPM

For pressure compressor at 2 bar just follow this calculation to find Q.

Experiment 3: Determination of the operation and characteristic of orifice meter

Pressure of compressor 1 bar:

D1=0.0127 m

D2=0.00635 m

0.00635
= 0.0127

=0.5
E = (1- 4)-1/2

= (1-0.54)-1/2

=1.0328

P
= RT

1.05 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.233 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.05 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 1.233 x 0.46


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 1.46 LPM

P
= RT

1 x 105 N /m 2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.174 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 1.174 x 1
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4
= 2.1 LPM

P
= RT

0.95 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.12 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 0.905 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 1.12 x 1.8


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 2.76 LPM

P
= RT

0.92 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.12 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 0.92 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 1.12 x 2.712
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 3.39 LPM
P
= RT

0.90 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.056 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 0.90 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 1.056 x 3.86
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 3.923 LPM

P
= RT

0.88 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.6+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.033 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 0.88 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 1.033 x 5.03
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 4.43 LPM
For pressure compressor at 2 bar.

Experiment 1: Determination of the operation and characteristic of mass flow meter and
rotameter

The mass flow meter, FT1 unit LPM is defined at conditions 0 C, 1.0132 bar (abs).

P 1 V 1 P2 V 2
=
T1 T2

Pressure of compressor at 2 bar:

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.79 ) x 16
=
273.15 23.6+273.15

V1=40.72

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.74 ) x 23
=
273.15 23.7+ 273.15

V1=57.51

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.69 ) x 30.9


=
273.15 23.6+273.15

V1=75.88

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.94 ) x 38.1


=
273.15 23.8+273.15

V1=104.83

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.91 ) x 46.9


=
273.15 23.6+273.15
V1=124.55

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.89 ) x 53.3


=
273.15 23.8+273.15

V1=140.48

The rotameter unit LPM is defined at condition 20 C, 1.0132 bar (abs)

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.79 ) x 16
=
293.15 23.8+273.15

V1=43.70

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.74 ) x 23
=
293.15 23.7+ 273.15

V1=61.72

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.69 ) x 30.9


=
293.15 23.6+273.15

V1=81.44

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.94 ) x 38.1


=
293.15 23.8+273.15

V1=112.51

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.91 ) x 46.9


=
293.15 23.6+273.15

V1=133.67

1.0132 xV 1 ( 1.0132+1.89 ) x 53.3


=
293.15 23.8+273.15

V1=150.77
Experiment 2: Determination of the operation and characteristic of venturi meter

Pressure of compressor 2 bar:

D1=0.0127 m

D2=0.00635 m

0.00635
= 0.0127

=0.5

E = (1- 4)-1/2

=(1-0.54)-1/2

=1.0328

P
Density, = RT

5 2
2 x 10 N /m

J
287 . K x ( 23.7+273.15 ) K
kg

= 2.348kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.06 bar) = 4
2
0.00635 x 2 x 2.348 x 0.23
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 1.43 LPM

P
= RT

1.96 x 10 5 N /m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.7+273.15 ) K
kg

= 2.3kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 1 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 2.3 x 0.53


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 2.145 LPM

P
= RT

1.92 x 105 N /m2



J
287 . K x ( 23.7+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.25 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 0.95 bar) = 4
2
0.00635 x 2 x 2.25 X 0.95
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 2.84LPM

P
p= RT

1.89 x 105 N /m2



J
287 . K x ( 23.7+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.22 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 1.89bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 2.22 x 1.40


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=3.43 LPM

P
= RT

1.87 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.19 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 1.87 bar) = 4
2
0.00635 x 2 x 2.19 x 1.99
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=4.08 LPM

P
= RT

1.85 x 105 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.17 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at 0.88 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 2.17 x 2.57


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=4.58LPM

Experiment 3: Determination of the operation and characteristic of orifice meter

Pressure of compressor 2 bar:

D1=0.0127 m
D2=0.00635 m

0.00635
= 0.0127

=0.5

E = (1- 4)-1/2

= (1-0.54)-1/2

=1.0328

P
= RT

2 x 105 N /m 2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.347 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 2 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 2.347 x 0.47
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

=2.04 LPM

P
= RT

1.96 x 10 5 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.3 kg/m3
C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.96 bar) = 4

2
0.00635 x 2 x 2.3 x 1
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 3.019 LPM

P
= RT

1.92 x 105 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.25kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.95 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 2.25 x 1.84


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 3.95 LPM

P
= RT

5 2
1.9 x 10 N / m

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=1.12 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.95 bar) = 4
2
0.00635 x 2 x 2.3 x 2.75
0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 4.89 LPM

P
= RT

1.88 x 105 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.21kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.88bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 2.21 x 3.89


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4

= 5.69 LPM

P
= RT

1.85 x 105 N / m2

J
287 . K x ( 23.8+273.15 ) K
kg

=2.17 kg/m3

C d ED 2 2 2 P
Q (at PT1 1.85 bar) = 4

0.006352 x 2 x 2.17 x 5.15


0.7 x 1.0328 x x x 1000 x 60
= 4
= 6.49 LPM