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The Gospel

According to
Session 4 The Mass

A Survey of How and

Why the Roman
Catholic Church Has
Departed From
Biblical Truth and
2013, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute
To better understand:
Objectives for this Course
what the differences are between Roman
Catholicism and biblical Christianity
how Roman Catholicism departed from biblical truth
how to evangelize Roman Catholics by helping them
to know the truths of Scripture
why ecumenical efforts by Catholics and biblical
Christianity based on biblical error must be avoided

Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path.

Psalms 119:105
2013, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute 2
2013, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute

Course Schedule
Session Date Topic Material Covered

We are 1 5/19/2013 Introduction Course and text overview

here 2 5/26/2013 Salvation - Justification TGATR, pgs 21-87
3 6/2/2013 Salvation Final Destiny TGATR, pgs 89-121
4 6/9/2013 The Mass and Sacraments TGATR, pgs 123-177
5 6/16/2013 The Role of Mary TGATR, pgs 180-228
6 6/23/2013 Church Authority - The TGATR, pages 231-261
Pope and Bishops
7 6/30/2013 Church Authority - The TGATR, pgs 263-280
8 7/7/2013 Church Authority - Tradition TGATR, pgs 281-310; 341-344
9 7/14/2013 Secret Access: The DVD
Vatican and the United
10 7/21/2013 The Roman Catholic Bible TGATR, pages 337-340
and the Apocrypha
11 7/28/2013 Sola Scriptura TGATR, pages 344-355
12 8/4/2013 Ecumenical Outreach TBA
13 8/11/2013 TBA TBA

14 8/18/2013 TBA TBA 3

The Mass - Catholicism vs. The Bible
Roman Catholicism Teaches The Bible Says
1. The Last Supper was a real sacrifice in which The Last Supper was a (traditional, Old Testament) Passover
Christs blood was poured out for our sins in the meal. Christs blood was poured out for our sins at the cross. 1
cup (of blessing). 610-611, 621, 1339. Pet. 2:24.
2. The bread and wine become the real body and The bread and wine are symbols of the body and blood of
blood of Christ. 1373-1377. Christ (1 Cor. 11:23-25. (They metaphorically represent the
real body and blood).
3. Christs body and blood exist wholly and entirely Christ is bodily present (only) in heaven. His physical body can
in every fragment of consecrated bread and wine only be one place at a time. (It His divine nature not His
in every Roman Catholic church around the world. human nature which is omnipresent.) Heb. 10:12-13
1374, 1377.
4. The consecrated bread and wine are heavenly The bread and wine are symbols which help one to remember
food which help one to attain to eternal life. 1392, Christ (and the sacrifice for sin He made on our behalf). Luke
1405, 1419. 22:19; Jo. 6:63
5. God desires that consecrated bread and wine be God forbids the worship of any object, even those intended to
worshiped as divine. 1378-1381. represent Him. Ex. 20:4-5; Isaiah 42:8
6. Christ has ordained certain men to a ministerial Christ has ordained every believer to a holy and royal
priesthood to perpetuate the sacrifice of the priesthood to offer spiritual sacrifices, the praise of their lips,
cross. 1142, 1547, 1577 and lives yielded to God. 1 Pet. 2:5-10; Heb. 13:15; Ro. 12:1.
7. The Sacrifice of the Mass is the sacrifice of the The sacrifice of the cross was a historical event. It occurred
cross. 1085, 1365-1367. Only the manner in which (only) once, approximately 2000 years ago, outside Jerusalem.
it is offered is different. 1367. Mark 15:21-41.
8. The sacrifice of the cross is perpetuated in the The sacrifice of the cross is finished. (It was a one time event,
Sacrifice of the Mass. 1325-1382. never to be repeated.) John 19:30. 4
9. The Mass makes present Christ in His death and Christ should not be presented in His death and victimhood, for
victimhood. 1353, 1362, 1364, 1367, 1409. He has risen and is alive for forevermore. Rev. 1:17-18; Ro. 6:9-
10. At each Mass, the priest re-presents to the Father Christ presented the sacrifice of Himself to the Father once at
the sacrifice of Christ. 1354, 1357. the consummation of the ages. Heb. 9:24:28
11. The Mass is an unbloody sacrifice which atones for Without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness of sins.
the sins of the living and the dead. 1367, 1371, Lev. 17:11; Heb. 9:22
12. Each sacrifice of the Mass appeases Gods wrath The once-for-all sacrifice of the cross fully appeased Gods wrath
against sin. 1371, 1414 against sin (for any who believes in Christ as their Savior). Heb.
13. The faithful receive the benefits of the cross in Believers receive (all) the benefits of the cross in fullest measure
fullest measure through the sacrifice of the Mass. in Christ through faith. Eph. 1:3-14
1366, 1407
14. The sacrificial work of redemption is continually The sacrificial work of redemption was finished when Christ
carried out through the sacrifice of the Mass. gave His life for us on the cross. Eph. 1:7; Heb. 1:3, Jo. 6:63
1364, 1405, 1846
15. The Church is to continue the sacrifice of Christ for The church is to proclaim the Lords death (on the cross) for the
the salvation of the world. 1323, 1382, 1405, 1407 salvation of the world (until He comes). 1 Cor. 11:26

Overview of Session 4 The Mass

General notes on the Roman Catholic Mass (Chapter 6)

The first Mass (p. 127)
The consecration of the Mass (p. 128)
The sacrament of the Eucharist (p. 129)
The worship or adoration of the Eucharist (p. 131)
A biblical response to the Roman Catholic view (p. 133-144)

More on the Mass (Chapter 7)

The continuation of the Cross (p. 148)
The re-presentation of the sacrifice of Christ (p. 150)
Each Mass applies the saving power of the sacrifice of the Cross (p. 153)
A biblical response (p. 155-177)

Organization of the
Catechism of the Catholic Church
Fidei Depositum The Prologue -
paragraphs 1-25
Part I The Profession of Faith (organized by
the Structure of the Apostles Creed) -
paragraphs 26-1065
Part II The Celebration of the Christian
Mystery (organized by the Liturgy and the
Sacraments) - paragraphs 1066-1690
Part III Life in Christ (organized under a
2d Edition 1997, number of special topics and the Ten
Commandments) paragraphs 1691-2557
2865 paragraphs, Part IV Christian Prayer (organized under a
822 pages number of prayer topics and The Lords
Prayer) paragraphs 2558-2865
The Mass According to the Catechism
of the Catholic Church
The Holy Mass (missa) is the liturgy or ritual of sending forth
(missio) of the faithful so they may fulfill Gods will in their daily
lives. 1332
The Eucharist is the central event of the Mass, the sacrament of
sacraments includes consecration and partaking of the wine and
bread which has been transformed into the actual body and blood
of Jesus Christ. Also known as Holy Communion see text, p. 333
Eucharist = eucharisto - to give thanks, 2 Thessalonians 1:3. we
ought to always give thanks to God
The Eucharist is the source and summit of the Christian life.
The other sacraments and indeed all ecclesiastical ministries and
works of the apostolate are bound up with the Eucharist and are
oriented to it. 1324
It is the sign and cause by which the Church is kept in being.
The First Mass According to the Catholic Church
(Text, p. 327)

The Last Supper by Leonardo Da Vinci a1495-1498, is in the convent of Santa

Maria della Grazie (Holy Mary of Grace)
The First Mass According to Roman Catholicism
(Text, p. 127)

Matthew 26:26-28, when Jesus said This

is My body and This is My blood over As we shall soon see,
the bread and the wine, He changed them there is no biblical basis
into His literal body and blood. This was for these conclusions.
the first Eucharist. 621 They are mere inferences
wrongly drawn by the
At the Last Supper, Jesus also told His allegorical interpretation
disciples , Do this in remembrance of of the Scriptures in which
Me (Luke 22:19). The Church teaches meaning was read into
that by those words, the Lord ordained the Scriptures (eisegesis),
His disciples as priests and commissioned rather than exegesis in
them to offer the Mass. 611, 1337 which the meaning is
Offering the Mass and forgiving sins were taken out of the text of
to be the two principal functions of the Scripture.
priests. 1461, 1566

Allegorical Interpretation (not in text)
Allegory - A legitimate figure of speech. Allegories are like sustained
metaphors (comparisons) usually with an underlying meaning.

Made Up Example: Definition: Seeing a

Mary had a little lamb, hidden meaning or
It's fleece was white as snow, assigning a spiritual
Everywhere that Mary went, meaning or truth to a text
The little lamb was sure to go. (often wrongly when the
plain sense of the text
makes sense).
A False Allegorical Interpretation (Eisegesis)
This is a story of Mary, the Mother of God Caution: Unless we know,
Her little lamb is the Church a text is written in
allegorical language, we
The lamb has fleece white as snow because
prayers to Mary keep the Church from sin do violence to the text
and meaning by forcing
Therefore, the Church should always follow Mary such a meaning on the
text. 11
The Sacrament of the Eucharist (Text, p. 129)
The Church teaches that the Eucharist is a means of grace 1392
Just as material food produces nourishment for the physical body, the
flesh and blood of Christ produces spiritual nourishment to the soul for
the living and the dead in purgatory. 1414
It changes the believer into what has been received, more like Christ. It
forgives believers from venial sins and preserves the believer from future
mortal sins.1395, 1416
The Catholic must attend Mass to
receive the benefit. Daily is best,
once a year is required.
No one may take of the Eucharist is
they do not believe in the bread and
wine are the actual, physical body of
Christ. 1355
Eucharistic communion with those
ecclesial communities separated
from the Church is not possible.
The Worship of the Eucharist (Text, p. 131)
Roman Catholics are to hold the Eucharist in highest honor
worshipping it with the supreme adoration with the same worship of
latria or adoration that we offer to God. 1178, 1183, 1378, 1418, 2691
The Church also promotes worship of the Eucharist though special orders
of men and women dedicated to the continuous adoration of consecration
bread and wine (e.g. The Nuns of the Perpetual Adoration of the Blessed
Tabernacles for
the Eucharist

The Monstrance holds the consecrated host for
perpetual adoration. Note the sunburst imagery which
is rooted in pagan worship of the sun.

In the opening prayer of the

Perpetual chapel in St. Peter
Basilica Pope John Paul II prayed
for a perpetual adoration chapel
in every parish in the world

The Priests Words of Consecration in the Mass
From The Faith of Millions, John OBrien, a Catholic priest
When the priest pronounces the tremendous words of
consecration, he reaches up into the heavens, brings Christ
down from His throne, and places Him upon our altar to be
offered up again as the Victim for the sins of man. It is a
power greater than that of monarchs and emperors: it is
greater than that of saints and angels, greater than that of
Seraphim and Cherubim. Indeed it is greater even than the
power of the Virgin Mary. While the Blessed Virgin was the
human agency by which Christ became incarnate a single
time, the priest brings Christ down from heaven, and
This book has the Nihil renders Him present on our altar as the eternal Victim for
Obstat and Imprimatur the sins of mannot once but a thousand times! The priest
are official Roman speaks and lo! Christ, the eternal and omnipotent God,
Catholic declarations bows His head in humble obedience to the priests
that a book or command.
pamphlet is free of
doctrinal or moral These words are sacrilegious, profane, irreverent and a
error." violation of the honor and holiness of the Lord Jesus Christ!
The Catholic Doctrine of Transubstantiation
(text, p. 133-134)
The words of consecration supposedly accomplishes
three things 1373-1381
1. The inner essences of the bread and wine cease to exist.
2. The outward appearances of the bread and wine remain.
3. The inner essence of Christ's true body and blood come to
exist under the appearance of the bread and wine.
The Eucharist cannot be apprehended by the senses, but only by
faith. 1381

This view of form and substance

comes from Greek philosophy
which had a profound affect on
the early Church.

A Biblical Response to Catholic Teaching on the Mass
(text, 133 ff)

the alleged miraculous

change explained by
transubstantiation is not in the

There is no precedent in the

Bible for a miracle in which God
expects the faithful to believe
something supernatural has
occurred when all outward
evidence says otherwise.

The Prohibition Against Eating and Drinking Blood
(text, 135 ff.)
Jo. 6:48, I am the Bread of Life Jesus disciples at the Last Supper
Jo. 10:9, I am the Door would have been horrified and
Jo. 8-12, I am the Light of the World objected if the Lord had asked them
Jo. 10:11, I am the Good Shepherd to actually drink His blood and eat His
Jo. 11:25, I am the Resurrection
Lev. 17:10-14 specifically prohibits the
Jo. 14:6, I am the Way, the drinking of blood as unclean.
Truth, and the Life In Acts 10:14, Peter declares, I have
Jo. 15:1, I am the True Vine never eaten anything unholy and
Jo. 16:25 I have said these things In Acts 15:29, the council at
to you in figures of speech. The Jerusalem instructed new Gentile
hour is coming when I will no converts to abstain from the
longer speak to you in figures of drinking of blood.
speech but will tell you plainly The disciples were well accustomed to
about the Father. the Lord using figurative language in
His teaching. 18
Eternal Life is Through Faith in Christ Alone
(text, 138 ff.)
Roman Catholicism bases its teaching on the Last Supper and the
Eucharist on chapter 6 of the Gospel of John. 1336, 1338, 1406

I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats
of this bread, he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall
give for the life of the world is my flesh. John 6:51

Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man
and drink His blood, you shall have no life in yourselves. He who eats
My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up
on the last day. For My flesh is true food and My blood is true drink.
John 6:53-55

See the context of these key verses by turning to John 6 and the
explanation on page 139 of the text.

The Mass as a Continuing Sacrifice of Christ
(text, 148 ff.)
Sacrifice is the primary purpose of the Mass. Pope John II
wrote, The Eucharist is above all else a sacrifice.
At the Mass, Christ offers Himself again to the Father through
the hands of the priest.
In the Mass, the Church considers the priest another Christ.
1348, 1566 acting in the Person of Christ .
The priest no longer exists as an individual person. He has turned
into a sacramental sign, the representative of Christ, present upon
the altar and offering himself in sacrifice. (Dogmatic Theology of the
The offering of the body and blood of Christ in the Mass is said to be an
unbloody sacrifice and unbloody immolation with Christ as a most
victim. 1085, 1353, 1362, 1364, 1367, 1383, 1409, 1545

A Biblical Response
(text, 155 ff.)
Christ asked to be remembered, not sacrificed. Luke 22:19, Do
this in remembrance of Me. The Scriptures never refer to the
Last Supper of the Lords Supper as a sacrifice. See the six
arguments of the Catholic Church and the rebuttal (p. 156-162).
Christs work of redemption is finished not continuing. John
19:30, It is finished! Perfect tense = the tense of completed
action. Action completed in past time typically with the results
continuing .
Christ made every believer a priest, not a select few. Rev. 1:6; 1
Pet. 2:9. As priests we may go straight to God in worship and
offer up spiritual sacrifices (1 Pet. 2:5) a yielded life Ro. 12:1;
gifts in support of the Lords work (Phil. 4:18; and praise to God
(Heb. 13:15).

2013, Ed Sherwood, Berachah Bible Institute

Sharing Your Faith With Catholics

To the Catholic Reader p. 311
To the Non-Catholic Reader- p. 313 Each week we
Pray for Catholics p. 315
will briefly
Develop Friendships p. 315
Stimulate Thought p. 316
review one of
Promote Bible Study p. 316 the guidelines
Address the Real Problem p. 317 for sharing our
Encourage a Clean Break p. 317 faith with
Anticipate Trials p. 318 Catholics
Continue to Learn p. 318
Oppose Ecumenism p. 319

Faith comes from hearing and hearing

through the Word of Christ. Romans 10:17
End of Session 4
Thank you for your participation!

The grass withers, the flower fades,

but the word of our God will stand forever.
Isaiah 40:8

Spiritually Alive

Spiritually Dead

The Gospel According to Rome page 96-97 24