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Average (Quantitative Aptitude)

1. Find the average of all prime numbers between 30 and 50?


2. Find the average of first 40 natural numbers?
3. Find the average of first 20 multiples of 7?
4. The average of four consecutive even numbers is 27. Find the
largest of these numbers?
5. There are two sections A and B of a class consisting of 36 and 44
students respectively. If the average weight of section A is 40kg
and that of section B is 35kg, find the average weight of the
whole class?
6. Nine persons went to a hotel for taking their meals 8 of them
spent Rs.12 each on their meals and the ninth spent Rs.8 more
than the average expenditure of all the nine. What was the total
money spent by them?
7. Of the three numbers, second is twice the first and is also thrice
the third. If the average of the three numbers is 44.Find the
largest number.
8. The average of 25 results is 18.The average of 1st 12 of them is
14 & that of last 12 is 17.Find the 13th result.
9. The Average of 11 results is 16, if the average of the 1st 6 results
is 58 & that of the last 63. Find the 6th result.
10. The average weight of A, B, C is 45 Kg. The average weight of
A & B be 40Kg & that of B,C be 43Kg. Find the weight of B.
11. The average age of a class of 39 students is 15 years. If the
age of the teacher be included, then the average increases by3
months. Find the age of the teacher.
12. The average weight of 10 oarsmen in a boat is increased by
1.8 kg when one of the crew, who weighs 53 kg is replaced by a
new man. Find the weight of the new man.
13. There were 35 students in a hostel. Due to the admission of 7
new students, the expenses of the mess were increased by Rs. 42
per day while the average expenditure per head diminished by Rs
1. What was the original expenditure of the mess?
14. A batsman makes a score of 87 runs in the 17th inning and
thus increases his average by 3. Find his average after 17th
inning.
15. Distance between two stations A and B is 778 km. A train
covers the journey from A to B at 84 km per hour and returns
back to A with a uniform speed of 56 km per hour. Find the
average speed of the train during the whole journey.
16. The average of 20 numbers is zero. Of them at the most, how
many may be greater than zero ?
17. In Arun's opinion, his weight is greater than 65 kg but less
than 72 kg. His brother does not agree with Arun and he thinks
that Arum's weight is greater than 60 kg but less than 70 kg. His
mother's view is that his weight cannot be greater than 68 kg. If
all of them are correct in their estimation, what is the average of
different probable weights of Arun?
18. If the mean of 5 observations x, x + 2, x + 4, x + 6 and x+ 8
is 11, then the mean of the last three observations is :
19. If the mean of a, b, c is M and ab + bc + ca = 0, then the
mean of a2, b2, c2 is :
20. The average of the two-digit numbers, which remain the
same when the digits interchange their positions, is :
21. The mean of 12, 22, 32, 42, 52, 62, 72 is :
22. The average of a non-zero number and its square is 5 times
the number. The number is :
23. The average of 7 consecutive numbers is 20. The largest of
these numbers is :
24. The sum of three consecutive odd numbers is 38 more than
the average of these numbers. What is the first of these
numbers?
25. The average age of the boys in a class is 16 years and that of
the girls is 15 years. The average age for the whole class is :
Ans: Cannot be computed with the given information
26. The average annual income (in Rs.) of certain agricultural
workers is S and that of other workers is T The number of
agricultural workers is 11 times that of other workers. Then the
average monthly income (in Rs.) of all the workers is :
27. A family consists of grandparents, parents and three
grandchildren. The average age of the grandparents is 67 years,
that of the parents is 35 years and that of the grandchildren is 6
years. What is the average age of the family?
28. A library has an average of 510 visitors on Sundays and 240
on other days. The average number of visitors per day in a month
of 30 days beginning with a Sunday is :
29. The average of five consecutive odd numbers is 61. What is
the difference between the highest and lowest numbers?
30. If the average marks of three batches of 55, 60 and 45
students respectively is 50, 55 and 60, then the average marks of
all the students is :
31. A car owner buys petrol at Rs 7.50, Rs. 8 and Rs. 8.50 per
litre for three successive years. What approximately is the
average cost per litre of petrol if tie spends Rs. 4000 each year?
32. The average weight of 16 boys in a class is 50.25 kgs and
that of the remaining 8 boys is 45.15 kgs. Find the average weight
of all the boys in the class.
33. Out of 9 persons, 8 persons spent Rs. 30 each for their
meals. The ninth one spent Rs. 20 more than the average
expenditure of all the nine. The total money spent by all of them
was :
34. The average of 50 numbers is 30. If two numbers, 35 and 40
are discarded, then the average of the remaining numbers is
nearly :
35. The average of six numbers is x and the average of three of
these is y. If the average of the remaining three is z, then :
36. 16 children are to be divided into two groups A and B of 10
and 6 children. The average percent marks obtained by the
children of group A is 75 and the average percent marks of all the
16 children is 76. What is the average percent mark of children of
group B?
37. The average of five numbers is 27. If one number is
excluded, the average becomes 25. The excluded number is :
38. The average age of 35 students in a class is 16 years. The
average age of 21 students is 14. What is the average age of
remaining 14 students?
39. The average of six numbers is 3.95. The average of two of
them is 3.4, while the average of the other two is 3.85. What is
the average of the remaining two numbers?
40. The average score of a cricketer for ten matches is 38.9
runs. If the average for the first six matches is 42, then find the
average for the last four matches.
41. The batting average for 40 innings of a cricket player is 50
runs. His highest score exceeds his lowest score by 172 runs. If
these two innings are excluded, the average of the remaining 38
innings is 48 runs. The highest score of the player is :
42. The average price of 10 books is Rs. 12 while the average
price of 8 of these books is Rs. 11.75. Of the remaining two books,
if the price of one book is 60% more than the price of the other,
what is the price of each of these two books?
43. A company produces on an average 4000 items per month
for the first 3 months. How many items it must produce on an
average per month over the next 9 months, to average 4375
items per month over the whole?
44. In the first 10 overs of a cricket game, the run rate was only
3.2. What should be the run rate in the remaining 40 overs to
reach the target of 282 runs?
45. The average of runs of a cricket player of 10 innings was 32.
How many runs must he make in his next innings so as to
increase his average of runs by 4?
46. A grocer has a sale of Rs. 6435, Rs. 6927, Rs. 6855, Rs. 7230
and Rs. 6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he
have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of Rs.
6500?
47. The average price of three items of furniture is Rs. 15000. If
their prices are in the ratio 3:5:7, the price of the cheapest item is
:
48. Of the four numbers, whose average is 60, the first is one-
fourth of the sum of the last three. The first number is :
49. Of the four numbers, the first is twice the second, the second
is one-third of the third and the third is 5 times the fourth. The
average of the numbers is 24.75. The largest of these numbers
is :
50. Of the three numbers, the first is twice the second and the
second is twice the third. The average of the reciprocal of the
numbers is
51. Of the three numbers, the average of the first and the second
is greater than the average of the second and the third by 15.
What is the difference between the first and the third of the three
numbers?
52. The average of 8 numbers is 20. The average of first two
numbers is 15 and that of the next three is 21 1/3. If the sixth
number be less than the seventh and eighth numbers by 4 and 7
respectively, then the eighth number is :
53. If the arithmetic mean of seventy-five numbers is calculated,
it is 35, If each number is increased by 5, then mean of new
numbers is :
54. Average of ten positive numbers is 7. If each number is
increased by 12. Then average of the new set of numbers is:
55. The mean of 50 observations was 36. It was found later that
an observation 48 was wrongly taken as 23. The corrected new
mean is :
56. A pupil's marks were wrongly entered as 83 instead of 63.
Due to that the average marks for the class got increased by half.
The number of pupils in the class is :
57. The average age of 15 students of a class is 15 years. Out of
these, the average age of 5 students is 14 years and that of the
other 9 students is 16 years. The age of the 15th student is :
58. The average of 11 numbers is 10.9. If the average of the first
six numbers is 10.5 and that of the last six numbers is 11.4,then
the middle number is :
59. The average weight of three boys A, B and C is 54 1/3 kg,
while the average weight of three boys B, D and E is 53 kg. What
is the average weight of A, B, C, D and E?
60. The average temperature of the town in the first four days of
a month was 58 degrees. The average for the second, third,
fourth and fifth days was 60 degrees. If the temperatures of the
first and fifth days were in the ratio 7 : 8, then what is the
temperature on the fifth day ?
61. The average weight of A, B and C is 45 kg. If the average
weight of A and B be 40 kg and that of B and C be 43 kg, then the
weight of B is :
62. The average monthly salary of 20 employees in an
organisation is Rs. 1500. If the manager's salary is added, then
the average salary increases by Rs. 100. What is the manager's
monthly salary?
63. The average monthly income of P and Q is Rs. 5050. The
average monthly income of Q and R is Rs. 6250 and the average
monthly income of P and R is Rs. 5200. The monthly income of P
is :
64. The average age of 36 students in a group is 14 years. When
teacher's age is included to it, the average increases by one.
What is the teacher's age in years?
65. The average weight of a class of 24 students is 35 kg. If the
weight of the teacher be included, the average rises by 400 g.
The weight of the teacher is :
66. The average age of the mother and her six children is 12
years which is reduced by 5 years if the age of the mother is
excluded. How old is the mother?
67. The captain of a cricket team of 11 members is 26 years old
and the wicket keeper is 3 years older. If the ages of these two are
excluded, the average age of the remaining players is one year
less than the average age of the whole team. What is the average
age of the team?
68. The average weight of 45 students in a class is 52 kg, Five of
them whose average weight is 48 kg leave the class and other 5
students whose average weight is 54 kg join the class. What is the
new average weight (in kg) of the class?
69. The average weight of 8 persons increases by 2.5 kg when a
new person comes in place of one of them weighing 65 kg. What
might be the weight of the new person?
70. The average height of 25 boys is 1.4 m. When 5 boys leave
the group, then the average height increases by 0.15 m. What is
the average height of the 5 boys who leave?
71. The average of five consecutive numbers is n. If the next two
numbers are also included, the average will :
72. A cricketer has a certain average for 10 innings. In the
eleventh inning, he scored 108 runs, thereby increasing his
average by 6 runs. His new average is :
73. The average age of 8 men is increased by 2 years when two
of them whose ages are 21 years and 23 years are replaced by
two new men. The average age of the two new men is :
74. A motorist travels to a place 150 km away at an average
speed of 50 km / hr and returns at 30 km / hr. His average speed
for the whole journey in km / hr is :
75. A team of 8 persons joins in a shooting competition. The best
marksman scored 85 points. If he had scored 92 points, the
average score for the team would have been 84. The number of
points, the team scored was :
76. A cricketer whose bowling average is 12.4 runs per wicket
takes 5 wickets for 26 runs and thereby decreases his average by
0.4. The number of wickets taken by him till the last match was :
77. The average weight of 3 men A, B and C is 84 kg. Another
man D joins the group and the average now becomes 80 kg. If
another man E, whose weight is 3 kg more than that of D,
replaces A, then the average weight of B, C, D and E becomes 79
kg. The weight of A is :
78. The average age of husband, wife and their child 3 years ago
was 27 years and that of wife and the child 5 years ago was 20
years. The present age of the husband is :
79. 3 years ago, the average age of a family of 5 members was
17 years. A baby having been born, the average age of the family
is the same today. The present age of the baby is :
80. The average age of a husband and his wife was 23 years at
the time of their marriage. After five years they have a one-year
old child. The average age of the family now is :
81. Three years ago, the average age of A and B Was 18 years.
With C joining them, the average age becomes 22 years. How old
is C now?
82. 10 years ago, the average age of a family of 4 members was
24 years. Two children having been born (with age difference of 2
years), the present average age of the family is the same. The
present age of the youngest child is :
83. After replacing an old member by a new member, it was
found that the average age of five members of a club is the same
as it was 3 years ago. What is the difference between the ages of
the replaced and the new member?
84. A certain factory employed 600 men and 400 women and
the average wage was Rs. 25.50 per day. If a woman got Rs. 5
less than a man, then what are their daily wages?
85. The arithmetic mean of the scores of a group of students in a
test was 52. The brightest 20% of them secured a mean score of
80 and the dullest 25% a mean score of 31. The mean score of
remaining 55% is :
86. The average salary of all the workers in a workshop is Rs.
8000. The average salary of 7 technicians is Rs. 12000 and the
average salary of the rest is Rs. 6000. The total number of
workers in the workshop is :
87. The average age of 3 children in a family is 20% of the
average age of the father and the eldest child. The total age of
the mother and the youngest child is 39 years. If the father's age
is 26 years, what is the age of second child?
88. During the recent incessant and unprecedented rains in
Chennai, the average rain fall on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday
was 25cm. The average rainfall on Thursday, Friday and Saturday
was 24cm. if the rainfall Saturday was 27cm, what was cm rain
fall on Wednesday
89. Eesha is a freelance programmer working in a mission critical
project approaching go-live. Due to pressing deadline, she had to
work continuously for 15 hours to support the activities. Her
employer pays freelance programmers different hourly rates
depending on the nature of work done in every hour. Her average
earning during these 15 hours was $90/hour. During her first 7
hours, her average earning was $87/hour and average earning in
her last 7 hours was $92/hour. What was Eeshas earning($) in the
8thhour?

90. The average age of a class of 22 students is 21 years. The


average increased by 1 when the teachers age is included. What
is the age of the teacher?
91. The average temperature of June, July and August was 31
degrees. The average temperature of July, August and September
was 30 degrees. If the temperature of June was 32 degrees, find
the temperature of September(degrees)
92. The average temperature of a kiln on Tuesday, Wednesday
and Thursday was 430 degrees Celsius. The average temperature
of the kiln on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday was 496 degrees
Celsius. If the average temperature of the kiln on Friday was 451
degrees Celsius, find the temperature in degree Celsius on
Tuesday?

Simplification (Quantitative Aptitude)


Examples
1. If 2x+3y=34 and ((x + y)/y)=13/8,then find the value of 5y+7x.
2. If 2x+3y+z=55,x-y=4 and y - x + z=12,then what are the values
of x , y and z?
3. Find the value of (1-(1/3))(1-(1/4))(1-(1/5)).(1-(1/100)).
4. Find the value of (1/(2*3))+(1/(3*4))+(1/(4*5))+(1/(5*6))+..+
((1/(9*10)).
5. A board 7ft. 9 inches long is divided into 3 equal parts. What is
the length of each part?
6. A man divides Rs. Among 5 sons,4 daughters and 2 nephews .If
each daughter receives four times as much as each nephews and
each son receives five times as much as each nephews ,how
much does each daughter receive?
7. A man spends 2/5 of his salary on house rent, 3/10 of his salary
on food and 1/8 of his salary on conveyance. If he has Rs.1400
left with him, find his expenditure on food and conveyance.
8. A third of Aruns marks in mathematics exceeds a half of his
marks in English by 80.if he got 240 marks In two subjects
together how many marks did he got in English?
9. A tin of oil was 4/5full.when 6 bottles of oil were taken out and
four bottles of oil were poured into it, it was full. How many
bottles of oil can the tin contain?
10. If 1/8 of a pencil is black of the remaining is white and the
remaining 3 is blue find the total length of the pencil?
11. In a certain office 1/3 of the workers are women of the
women are married and 1/3 of the married women have children
if of the men are married and 2/3 of the married men have
children what part of workers are without children?
12. A crate of mangoes contains one bruised mango for every
thirty mango in the crate. If three out of every four bruised mango
are considerably unsalable and there are 12 unsalable mangoes in
the crate then how many mango are there in the crate?
13. A train starts full of passengers at the first station it drops 1/3
of the passengers and takes 280more at the second station it
drops one half the new total and takes twelve more .on arriving at
the third station it is found to have 248 passengers. Find the no of
passengers in the beginning?
14. If a2+b2=177and ab=54 then find the value of a+b/a-b?
15. Village X has a population of 68000,which is decreasing at
the rate of 1200 per year.VillagyY has a population of
42000,which is increasing at the rate of 800 per year .in how
many years will the population of the two villages be equal?
16. From a group of boys and girls,15 girls leave. There are then
left 2 boys for each girl. After this, 45 boys leave. There are then 5
girls for each boy. Find the number of girls in the beginning?
17. An employer pays Rs.20 for each day a worker works and
forfeits Rs.3 for each day is ideal at the end of sixty days a worker
gets Rs.280. For how many days did the worker remain ideal?
18. kiran had 85 currency notes in all , some of which were of
Rs.100 denomination and the remaining of Rs.50 denomination
the total amount of all these currency note was Rs.5000.how
much amount did she have in the denomination of Rs.50?
19. When an amount was distributed among 14 boys, each of
them got rs 80 more than the amount received by each boy when
the same amount is distributed equally among 18 boys. What was
the amount?
20. Mr. Bhaskar is on tour and he has Rs. 360 for his expenses. If
he exceeds his tour by 4 days, he must cut down his daily
expenses by Rs. 3. for how many days is Mr. Bhaskar on tour?
21. Two pens and three pencils cost Rs 86. four Pens and a pencil
cost Rs. 112. find the cost of a pen and that of a pencil.
22. Arjun and Sajal are friends. Each has some money. If Arun
gives Rs. 30 to Sajal, the Sajal will have twice the money left with
Arjun. But, if Sajal gives Rs. 10 to Arjun, the Arjun will have thrice
as much as is left with Sajal. How much money does each have?
23. In a caravan, in addition to 50 hens there are 45 goats and 8
camels with some keepers. If the total number of feet be 224
more than the number of heads, find the number of keepers.
Exercise
1. Income of a company doubles after every one year. If the initial
income was Rs. 4 lakhs, what would be the income after 5 years?
2. On sports day, if 30 children were made to stand in a column,
then 16 columns could be formed. If 24 children were made to
stand in a column, then how many columns could be formed?
3. The number of students in each section of a school is 24. After
admitting new students, three new sections were started. Now,
the total number of sections is 16 and there are 21 students in
each section. The number of new students admitted is:
4. A class starts at 10 a.m. and lasts till 1.27 p.m. Four periods are
held during this interval. After every period, 5 minutes are given
free to the students. The exact duration of each period is:
5. A light was seen at intervals of 13 seconds. It was seen for the
first time at 1 hr. 54 min 50 secs. a.m. and the last time at 3 hrs.
17 min. 49 secs. a.m. How many times was the light seen?
6. Along a yard 225 metres long, 26 trees are planted at equal
distances, one tree being at each end of the yard. What is the
distance between two consecutive trees?
7. A man earns Rs. 20 on the first day and spends Rs. 15 on the
next day. He again earns Rs. 20 on the third day and spends Rs.
15 on the fourth day. If he continues to save like this, how soon
will he have Rs. 60 in hand?
8. It costs Rs. x each to make the first thousand copies of a
compact disc and Rs. y to make each subsequent copy. If z is
greater than 1000, how much will it cost to make z copies of the
compact disc?
9. A boy was asked to multiply a number by 25. He instead
multiplied the number by 52 and got the answer 324 more than
the correct answer. The number to be multiplied was :
10. David got two and a half times as many marks in English as
in History. If his total marks in the two subjects are 140, the marks
obtained by him in English are :
11. The total monthly salary of 4 men and 2 women is Rs.
46,000. If a woman earns Rs. 500 more than a man, what is the
monthly salary of a woman?
12. Water boils at 212oF or 100oC and melts at 32oF or 0oC. If the
temperature of a particular day is 35oC, it is equivalent to :
13. The number of girls in a class is 5 times the number of boys.
Which of the following cannot be the total number of children in
the class?
14. A boy multiplied 423 by a number and obtained 65589 as his
answer. If both the fives in the answer are wrong and all other
figures are correct, the correct answer is :
15. A pineapple costs Rs. 7 each. A watermelon costs Rs. 5 each.
X spends Rs. 38 on these fruits. The number of pineapples
purchased is.:
16. A sum of Rs. 750 is distributed among A, B, C and D in such a
manner that A gets as much, as B and C together, B gets Rs. 125
more than C and D gets as much as C. What is A's share?
17. The total number of digits used in numbering the pages of a
book having 366 pages, is :
18. A bonus of Rs. 1000 is to be divided among three people so
that Rohit receives twice as much as Sachin, who receives one-
fifth as much as Gagan. How much money should Gagan receive?
19. A printer numbers the pages of a book starting with 1 and
uses 3189 digits in all. How many pages does the book have?
20. In a garden, there are 10 rows and 12 columns of mango
trees. The distance between the two trees is 2 metres and a
distance of one metre is left from all sides of the boundary of the
garden. The length of the garden is :
21. What fraction of an hour is a second?
22. When a ball bounces, it rises to of the height from which it
fell. If the ball is dropped from a height of 32 m, how high will it
rise at the third bounce?
23. Sanket earns twice as much in the month of March as in each
of the other months of the year. What part of his entire annual
earnings was earned in March?
24. A person travels 3.5 km from place A to place B. Out of this
distance, he travels 1 2/3 km on bicycle, 1 1/6 km on scooter and
the rest on foot. What portion of the whole distance does he cover
on foot?
25. If one-third of a tank holds 80 litres of water, then the
quantity of water that half of the tank holds is :
26. A certain amount is distributed among A, B and C. A gets
3/16 and B gets of the whole amount. If C gets Rs. 81, then B
gets :
27. A student was asked to find the value of 3/8 of a sum of
money. The student made a mistake by dividing the sum by 3/8
and thus got an answer which exceeded the correct answer by Rs.
55. The correct answer was :
28. In an examination, a student was asked to find 3/14 of a
certain number. By mistake, he found of that number. His
answer was 150 more than the correct answer. The number is :
29. A sum of Rs. 1360 has been divided among A, B and C such
that A gets 2/3 of what B gets and B gets of what C gets. B's
share is :
30. In a family, the father took of the cake and he had 3 times
as much as each of the other members had. The total number of
family members is :
31. N number of persons decided to raise Rs. 3 lakhs by equal
contributions from each. Had they contributed Rs. 50 each extra,
the contribution would have been Rs. 3.25 lakhs. How many
persons are there?
32. Free notebooks were distributed equally among children of a
class. The number of notebooks each child got was one-eighth of
the number of children. Had the number of children been half,
each child would have got 16 notebooks. Total how many
notebooks were distributed?
33. David gets on the elevator at the 11th floor of a building and
rides up at the rate of 57 floors per minute. At the same time,
Albert gets on an elevator at the 51st floor of the same building
and rides down at the rate of 63 floors per minute. If they
continue travelling at these rates, then at which floor will their
paths cross?
34. A classroom has equal number of boys and girls. Eight girls
left to play kho-kho, leaving twice as many boys as girls in the
classroom. What was the total number of girls and boys present
initially?
35. After distributing the sweets equally among 25 children, 8
sweets remain. Had the number of children been 28, 22 sweets
would have been left after equally distributing. What was the total
number of sweets?
36. In a regular week, there are 5 working days and for each day,
the working hours are 8. A man gets Rs. 2.40 per hour for regular
work and Rs. 3.20 per hours for overtime. If he earns Rs. 432 in 4
weeks, then how many hours does he work for?
37. Each boy contributed rupees equal to the number of girls and
each girl contributed rupees equal to the number of boys in a
class of 60 students. If the total contribution thus collected is Rs.
1600, how many boys are there in the class?
38. A sum of Rs. 312 was divided among 100 boys and girls in
such a way that each boy gets Rs. 3.60 and each girl Rs. 2.40.
The number of girls is :
39. A worker may claim Rs. 1.50 for each km which he travels by
train and 50 p for each km he drives his own car. If in one week
he claimed Rs. 50 for travelling 80 km, how many kms did he
travel by train?
40. In an examination, a student scores 4 marks for every correct
answer and loses 1 mark for every wrong answer. If he attempts
in all 60 questions and secures 130 marks, the number of
questions he attempts correctly, is :
41. A cricket team won 3 matches more than they lost. If a win
gives them 2 points and loss (- 1) point, how many matches, in
all, have they played if their score is 23?
42. A total of 324 coins of 20 paise and 25 paise make a sum of
Rs. 71. The number of 25-paise coins is :
43. On Children's Day, sweets were to be equally distributed
among 175 children in a school. Actually on the Children's Day, 35
children were absent and therefore each child got 4 sweets extra.
Total how many sweets were available for distribution?
44. A man has Rs. 480 in the denominations of one-rupee notes,
five-rupee notes and ten-rupee notes. The number of notes of
each denomination is equal. What is the total number of notes
that he has?
45. A number of friends decided to go on a picnic and planned to
spend Rs. 96 on eatables. Four of them, however, did not turn up.
As a consequence, the remaining ones had to contribute Rs. 4
each extra. The number of those who attended the picnic was :
46. Eight people are planning to share equally the cost of a rental
car. If one person withdraws from the arrangement and the others
share equally the entire cost of the car, then the share of each of
the remaining persons increased by :
47. A certain number of tennis balls were purchased for Rs. 450.
Five more balls could have been purchased in the same amount if
each ball was cheaper by Rs. 15. The number of balls purchased
was :
48. A piece of cloth costs Rs. 35. If the length of the piece would
have been 4 m longer and each metre costs Re. 1 less, the cost
would have remained unchanged. How long is the piece?
49. In a certain shop, 9 oranges cost as much as 5 apples, 5
apples cost as much as 3 mangoes and 4 mangoes cost as much
as 9 lemons. If 3 lemons cost Rs. 4.80, the price of an orange is :
50. If 2 tables and 3 chairs cost Rs. 3500 and 3 tables and 2
chairs cost Rs. 4000, then how much does a table cost? The price
of 2 sarees and 4 shirts is Rs. 1600. With the same money one
can buy 1 saree and 6 shirts. If one wants to buy 12 shirts, how
much shall he have to pay?
51. The price of 10 chairs is equal to that of 4 tables. The price of
15 chairs and 2 tables together is Rs. 4000. The total price of 12
chairs and 3 tables is :
52. The taxi charges in a city comprise of a fixed charge, together with
the charge of the distance covered. For a journey of 16 km, the
charges paid are Rs. 156 and for a journey of 24 km, the charges
paid are Rs. 204. What will a person have to pay for travelling a
distance of 30 km?
53. In a classroom, if 6 students per bench are assigned to
accommodate all students, one more bench will be required.
However, if 7 students are accommodated per bench, there would
be a space left for 5 students. What is the number of students in
the class?
54. There are two examination rooms A and B. If 10 students are
sent from A to B, then the number of students in each room is the
same. If 20 candidates are sent from B to A, then the number of
students in A is double the number of students in B. The number
of students in room A is :
55. In a group of buffaloes and ducks, the number of legs are 24
more than twice the number of heads. What is the number of
buffaloes in the group?
56. Vidushi and Sanya distribute Rs. 100 each in charity. Vidushi
distributes money to 5 more people than Sanya and Sanya gives
each Re. 1 more than Vidushi. How many people are recipients of
the charity?

HCF and LCM of Numbers(Quantitative Aptitude)


Examples
1. Find the H.C.F. of 2 X 3 X 5 X 74, 22 X 35 X 52 X 73, 23 X53 X72
3 2

2. Find the H.C.F. of 108, 288 and 360.


3. Find the H.C.F. of 513, 1134 and 1215
4. Find the L.C.M. of 22 x 33 x 5 x 72 , 23 x 32 x 52 x 74 , 2 x 3 x 53 x 7
x 11.
5. Find the L.C.M. of 72, 108 and 2100
6. Find the L.C.M. of 16, 24, 36 and 54
7. Find the HCF and LCM of 2/3 , 8/9, 16/81, and 10/27
8. Find the HCF and LCM of 0.63, 1.05 and 2.1
9. Two numbers are in the ratio of 15:11. If their HCF is 13, find the
numbers
10. The HCF of two numbers is 11 and their LCM is 693. If one of
the numbers is 77, find the other
11. Find the greatest possible length which can be used to
measure exactly the lengths 4m 95 cm, 9m and 16m 65cm
12. Find the greatest number which on dividing 1657 and 2037
leaves remainders 6 and 5 respectively.
13. Find the largest number which divides 62, 132 and 237 to
leave the same remainder in each case
14. Find the least number exactly divisible by 12, 15, 20 and 27
15. Find the least number which when divided by 6, 7, 8, 9 and
12 leaves the same remainder 1 in each case
16. Find the largest number of four digits exactly divisible by 12,
15, 18 and 27
17. Find the smallest number of five digits exactly divisible by 16,
24, 36 and 54
18. Find the least number which when divided by 20, 25, 35 and
40 leaves remainders 14, 19, 29 and 34 respectively
19. Find the least number which when divided by 5, 6, 7 and 8
leaves a remainder 3 but when divided by 9 leaves no remainder.
20. The traffic lights at three different road crossings change
after every 48 seconds, 72 seconds and 108 seconds
respectively .If they all change simultaneously at 8:20:00 hours,
then at what time they again change simultaneously
21. Arrange the fractions 17/18, 31/36, 43/45, 59/60 in the
ascending order.

Practice Questions
1. Which of the following has most number of divisors? A. 99 B.
101 C. 176 D. 182
2. The H.C.F. of 2 * 33 * 55, 23 * 32 * 52 * 7 and 24 * 34 * 5 * 72 * 11 is
2

:
3. H.C.F. of 4 * 27 * 3125, 8 * 9 * 25 * 7 & 16 * 81 * 5 * 11 * 49 is :
4. Which of the following is a pair of co - primes? A. (16, 62) B. (18,
25) C. (21, 35) D. (23, 92)
5. The L.C.M. of 23 * 32 * 5 * 11, 24 * 34 * 52 * 7 and 25 * 33 * 53 * 72 *
11 is :
6. Find the HCF and LCM of 2/3, 3/5, 4/7, 9/13 is
7. The G.C.D. of 1.08, 0.36 and 0.9 is :
8. H.C.F. of 3240, 3600 and a third number is 36 and their L.C.M. is
24 * 35 * 52 * 72. The 3rd no is:
9. The L.C.M. of 3, 2.7 and 0.09 is :
10. The ratio of two numbers is 3: 4 and their H.C.F. is 4. Their
L.C.M. is :
11. The sum of two numbers is 216 and their H.C,F. is 27. The
numbers are :
12. Three numbers are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3 and their H.C.F. is 12.
The numbers are :
13. The sum of two numbers is 528 and their H.C.F. is 33. The
number of pairs of numbers satisfying the above conditions is :
14. The number of number - pairs lying between 40 and 100 with
their H.C.F. as 15 is :
15. The H.C.F. of two numbers is 12 and their difference is 12.
The numbers are :
16. The product of two numbers is 4107. If the H.C.F. of these
numbers is 37, then the greater number is :
17. The product of two numbers is 2028 and their H.C.F. is 13.
The number of such pairs is :
18. Three numbers which are co-prime to each other are such
that the product of the first two is 551 and that of the last two is
1073. The sum of the three numbers is :
19. The L.C.M. of two numbers is 48. The numbers are in the ratio
2 : 3. The sum of the Nos
20. The sum of two numbers is 2000 and their L.C.M. is 21879.
The two numbers are :
21. Three numbers are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5 and their L.C.M. is
2400. Their H.C.F. is :
22. The H.C.F. of two numbers is 11 and their L.C.M. is 7700. If
one of the numbers is 275, then the other is :
23. The H.C.F. and L.C.M. of two numbers are 84 and 21
respectively. If the ratio of the two numbers is 1 : 4, then the
larger of the two numbers is :
24. The L.C.M. of two numbers is 495 and their H.C.F. is 5. If the
sum of the numbers is 100, then their difference is :
25. The product of the L.C.M. and H.C.F. of two numbers is 24.
The difference of two numbers is 2. Find the numbers.
26. The L.C.M. of two numbers is 45 times their H.C.F. If one of
the numbers is 125 and the sum of H.C.F. and L.C.M. is 1150, the
other number is :
27. Product of two co - prime numbers is 117. Their L.C.M. should
be :
28. The H.C.F. and L.C.M. of two numbers are 50 and 250
respectively. If the first number is divided by 2, the quotient is 50.
The second number is :
29. The L.C.M. of three different numbers is 120. Which of the
following cannot be their H.C.F?
A. 8 B. 12 C. 24 D. 35
30. If the sum of two numbers is 55 and the H.C.F. and L.C.M. of
these numbers are 5 and 120 respectively, then the sum of the
reciprocals of the numbers is equal to :
31. The H.C.F. of two numbers is 23 and the other two factors of
their L.C.M. are 13 and 14. The larger of the two numbers is :
32. About the number of pairs which have 16 as their H.C.F. and
136 as their L.C.M., we can definitely say that :
33. The H.C.F. of two numbers is 8. Which one of the following
can never be their L.C.M?
A. 24 B. 48 C. 56 D. 60
34. L.C.M. of two prime numbers x and y (x > y) is 161. The value
of 3y - x is :
35. Two numbers, both greater than 29, have H.C.F. 29 and L.C.M.
4147. The sum of the Nos is
36. The H.C.F. and L.C.M. of two numbers are 11 and 385
respectively. If one number lies between 75 and 125, then that
number is :
37. The greatest possible length which can be used to measure
exactly the lengths 7 m, 3 m 85 cm, 12 m 95 cm is :
38. Three different containers contain 496 litres, 403 litres and 713
litres of mixtures of milk and water respectively. What biggest
measure can measure all the different quantities exactly?
39. A rectangular courtyard 3.78 metres long and 5.25 metres wide is
to be paved exactly with square tiles, all of the same size. What is
the largest size of the tile which could be used for the purpose?
40. The maximum number of students among them 1001 pens
and 910 pencils can be distributed in such a way that each
student gets the same number of pens and same number of
pencils is :
41. Find the greatest number that will divide 43, 91 and 183 so
as to leave the same remainder in each case.
42. Let N be the greatest number that will divide 1305, 4665 and
6905, leaving the same remainder in each case. Then sum of the
digits in N is :
43. The greatest number which can divide 1356, 1868 and 2764
leaving the same remainder 12 in each case, is :
44. The greatest number which on dividing 1657 and 2037 leaves
remainders 6 and 5 is
45. What will be the least number which when doubled will be exactly
divisible by 12, 18, 21 & 30
46. The least number of five digits which is exactly divisible by
12, 15 and 18, is .
47. The least number which is a perfect square and is divisible by each
of the numbers 16, 20 &24:
48. The greatest number of four digits which is divisible by 15,
25, 40 and 75 is :
49. The smallest number which when diminished by 7, is
divisible by 12, 16, 18, 21 and 28 is :
50. The least number which should be added to 2497 so that the
sum is exactly divisible by 5, 6, 4 and 3 is :
51. The least number which when increased by 5 is divisible by
each one of 24, 32, 36 and 54, is
52. The least multiple of 7, which leaves a remainder of 4, when
divided by 6, 9, 15 and 18 is :
53. The largest four-digit number which when divided by 4, 7 or
13 leaves a remainder of 3 in each case, is :
54. Let the least number of six digits, which when divided by 4, 6,
10 and 15, leaves in each case the same remainder of 2, be N.
The sum of the digits in N is :
55. The least number which when increased by 5 is divisible by
each one of 24, 32, 36 and 54, is
56. The least number, which when divided by 48, 60, 72, 108
and 140 leaves 38, 50, 62, 98 and 130 as remainders
respectively, is :
57. Find the least multiple of 23, which when divided by 18, 21
and 24 leaves remainders 7, 10 and 13 respectively.
58. A, B and C start at the same time in the same direction to
run around a circular stadium. A completes a round in 252
seconds, B in 308 seconds and C in 198 seconds, all starting at
the same point. After what time will they meet again at the
starting point?
59. Four different electronic devices make a beep after every 30
minutes, 1 hour, 1 hour and 1 hour 45 minutes respectively. All
the devices beeped together at 12 noon. They will again beep
together at :
60. Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2,
4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 seconds respectively. In 30 minutes, how many
times do they toll together?
61. Find the least number which when divided by 16, 18, 20 and
25 leaves 4 as remainder in each case, but when divided by 7
leaves no remainder,

62. The least number which when divided by 5, 6, 7 and 8 leaves


a remainder 3, but when divided by 9 leaves no remainder, is :

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