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EXPERIMENT NO.

AIM: To design third and fifth order Prototype Butterworth and Chebyshev Low Pass
filter and compare their specifications

DESIGN SPECIFICATION

1. PLR = 3 dB
2. Frequency = 5 GHz
3. Impedance = 50
4. Permittivity of Substrate= 4.5
5. Height of substrate= 1.5 mm
6. Thickness of substrate = 18 m.

DESIGN STEPS

1. Butterworth LPF

LAR = 3dB
! = 2 = 3.1415 10!" /

a) N=3

!!!! !
g! = 2 !!
(1.1)
g! = 1.0 ; = 0
(1.2)
!!! ! !
g! = 2 !
= 2 ! = 1 ; = 1
41 3
g! = 2 = 2 = 2 ; = 2
6 6
61 5
g! = 2 = 2 = 1 ; = 3
6 6
Value of capacitance and inductance are
g!
C1 = = 795.8
! !
g !
L! = ! = 3.979
!
g!
C3 = = 795.8
! !

b) N=5
2 1
g! = 2
2
g! = 1.0 ; = 0
21
g! = 2 = 2 = 0.618 ; = 1
10 10
41 3
g! = 2 = 2 = 1.618 ; = 2
10 10
61 5
g! = 2 = 2 =2 ; = 3
10 10
81 7
g! = 2 = 2 = 1.618 ; = 4
10 10
10 1 9
g! = 2 = 2 = 0.618 ; = 5
10 10
Value of capacitance and inductance are
g!
C1 = = 491.8
! !
g !
L! = ! = 3.219
!
g!
C3 = = 1.592
! !
g !
L! = ! = 3.219
!
g!
C5 = = 491.8
! !

2. Chebyshev LPF

LAR = 3dB
! = 2 = 3.1415 10!" /

a) N=3

2!
! = 1.0 , ! = ,

4!!! !
! = = 2,3
!!! !!!
2 1
! = = 1,2
2

! = ! + ! = 1,2

!"
=
17.37

=
2
10!!" /!" 1
cosh!!
10!!" /!" 1

cosh!! !
!
21
! = = = 0.5 ; = 1
6 6
41 3
! = = =1 ; = 2
6 6
61 5
! = = = 0.5 ; = 3
6 6
3
= = 1.766
17.37
1.766
= = 0.298
6

! = 0.298! + ! = 0.839
3
2
! = 0.298! + ! = 0.839
3
3
! = 0.298! + ! = 0.088
3
! = 1.0 ; =0
2!
! = = 3.349 ; =1

4! !
! = = 0.7118 ; =2
! !
4! !
! = = 3.349 ; =3
! !
Value of capacitance and inductance are
g!
C1 = = 2.665
! !
g !
L! = ! = 1.416
!
g!
C3 = = 2.665
! !

b) N=5

2! 4!!! !
! = 1.0 , ! = , ! = = 2,3
!!! !!!
2 1
! = = 1,2
2

! = ! + ! = 1,2

!"
=
17.37

=
2
10!!" /!" 1
cosh!!
10!!" /!" 1

cosh!! !
!
21
! = = = 0.309 ; = 1
10 10
41 3
! = = = 0.809 ; = 2
10 10
61 5
! = = =1 ; = 3
10 10
81 7
! = = = 0.809 ; = 4
10 10
10 1 9
! = = = 0.309 ; = 5
10 6
.5
= = 1.766
17.37
1.766
= = 0.1775
10

! = 0.1775! + ! = 0.3769
5
2
! = 0.1775! + ! = 0.9360
5
3
! = 0.1775! + ! = 0.9360
5
4
! = 0.1775! + ! = 0.3769
5
5
! = 0.1775! + ! = 0.0315
5
! = 1.0 ; =0
2!
! = = 3.4817 ; =1

4! !
! = = 0.7619 ; =2
! !
4! !
! = = 4.5377 ; =3
! !
4! !
! = = 0.7619 ; =4
! !
4! !
! = = 3.4817 ; =5
! !
Value of capacitance and inductance are
g!
C1 = = 2.77
! !
g !
L! = ! = 1.516
!
g!
C3 = = 3.611
! !
g !
L! = ! = 1.516
!
g!
C5 = = 2.77
! !

DESIGN AND RESPONSE

1. Butterworth LPF (N=3): 3rd Order Butterworth Low Pass Filter circuit Using
QUCS is shown in the Figure 1.5 and its plot is shown in the Figure 1.6.
Figure 1. 3rd Order Butterworth Low Pass Filter Circuit

AFTER SIMULATION:

Figure 2. Plot for 3rd Order Butterworth Low Pass Filter


2. Butterworth LPF (N=5): 5th Order Butterworth Low Pass Filter Using QUCS
and its plot is shown in the Figure.

Figure 3. 5th Order Butterworth Low Pass Filter Circuit

Figure 4. Plot for 5th Order Butterworth Low Pass Filter


3. Chebyshev LPF (N=3): 3rd Order Chebyshev Low Pass Filter Using and its plot
is shown in the Figure.

Figure 5. 3rd Order Chebyshev Low Pass Filter Circuit

AFTER SIMULATION:
Figure 6. Plot for 3rd Order Chebyshev Low Pass Filter

4. Chebyshev LPF (N=5): 5th Order Chebyshev Low Pass Filter Using and its plot
is shown in the Figure..

Figure 7. 5th Order Chebyshev Low Pass Filter Circuit


AFTER SIMULATION:

Figure 8. Plot for 5th Order Chebyshev Low Pass Filter

RESULT

We have designed and analysed third and fifth order Butterworth and Chebyshev Low
Pass Filter using QUCS. Butterworth and Chebyshev LPF simulated values are shown
in Table 1.1.
Table: Butterworth & Chebyshev LPF simulated values.

Filter Software Order Cut off Insertion Return loss Ripple


frequency loss (dB) (dB)
(GHz) (dB)
QUCS N=3 5 -3.02 -9.79 0
Butterworth
N=5 5 -3.03 -2.99 0
QUCS N=3 5 -3.05 -62.6 3
Chebyshev
N=5 5 -2.09 -2.91 3
EXPERIMENT NO. 08

AIM: To design third and fifth order Prototype Butterworth and Chebyshev Low Pass
filter and compare their specifications

SUBMITTED BY

SANJU YADAV
ROLL NO. 3749
M.TECH 2nd SEM
EXPERIMENT NO. 08

AIM: To design third and fifth order Prototype Butterworth and Chebyshev Low Pass
filter and compare their specifications

SUBMITTED BY
NAVYA TYAGI
ROLL NO. 3742
M.TECH 2nd SEM