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The BJP

and the
Compulsions of Politics
in India

edited by
Thomas Blom Hansen
Christophe Jaffrelot

DELHI
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
CALCUTTA CHENNAI MUMBAI
1998
Contents
Contributors vii

Introduction: The BJP After the 1996 Elections 1


Thomas Blom Hansen and Christophe Jaffrelot

I BJP AND THE CASTE BARRIER: BEYOND


THE TWICE-BORN?
1. The Sangh Parivar Between Sanskritization
and Social Engineering 22
Christophe Jaffrelot
2. The BJP in Uttar Pradesh: From Hindutva
to Consensual Politics 72
Jasmine Zrinini-Brotel
3. Rajput Hindutva, Caste Politics, Regional
Identity and the Hindu Nationalism in
Contemporary Rajasthan 101
Rob Jenkins

II A 'HINDI-BELT' PARTY OR A
NATIONAL PARTY?
4. BJP and the Politics of Hindutva in Maharashtra 121
Thomas Blom Hansen
5. Southern Discomfort: The BJP in Karnataka 163
James Manor
6. Bounded Nationalism: Kerala and the
Social and Regional Limits of Hindutva 202
James Chiriyankandath
7. The Akalis and the BJP in Punjab: From Ayodhya
to the 1997 Legislative Assembly Election 228
Gurharpal Singh
vi CONTENTS
III DIVIDED THEY STAND
8. The BJP's Riddle in Gujarat: Caste, Factionalism
and Hindutva 243
Ghanshyam Shah
9. BJP and the Challenge of Factionalism in
Madhya Pradesh 267
Christophe Jaffrelot
10. The Ethics of Hindutva and the Spirit of
Capitalism 291
Thomas Blom Hansen
AFTERWORD 315
Short Cuts to Power: From Lucknow to Delhi
Thomas Blom Hansen, Zoya Hasan and
Christophe Jaffrelot