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ArcelorMittal USA

Sour Service Linepipe

Data Sheet
In response to industry demand, ArcelorMittal USA has developed Weldability
hot-rolled coiled skelp products for sour service applications The microalloyed skelp has a low carbon equivalence (CEIIW or Pcm)
with good resistance to Hydrogen Induced Cracking (HIC) and resulting in product that has excellent weldability:
Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSCC). Skelp refers to a control high HAZ toughness
rolled high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel used as feedstock to resistance to cold cracking
produce pipe that is formable and weldable and meets stringent Suitable for electric resistance welding (ERW), submerged arc
toughness requirements. The high strengths are achieved through welding (SAW) and double submerged arc welding (DSAW) during
a combination of grain and microstructural refinement and pipe making and shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) during field
precipitation strengthening. girth welding.

For sour service applications, ultra-clean steel production practices Technical Assistance
and control of centerline segregation at the caster are required. For additional information and assistance, please contact
Low sulfur practices and ladle metallurgy utilizing both argon and ArcelorMittal. Our Sales representatives and Technical Service
electromagnetic stirring ensure a high degree of steel cleanliness. Engineers are ready to assist you.
Centerline segregation is minimized by:
chemistry design T +1 800 422 9422
control of tundish superheat and casting speed E energypipeinquiries@arcelormittal.com
maintenance of caster alignment and roll gap control
See Mechanical Properties on next page.
Product Dimensions and Ranges for HSM Coils
Thickness Width
(inches) Min (inches) Max (inches)
Up to 0.500* 42 77

* HR coils over 0.500 are currently available from our sister plants in Europe and,
starting 1Q 2012, from ArcelorMittal USA. Please inquire.

The above range allows for pipe production with outer diameters
(OD) of 12.75 24 inches. For certain combinations of thickness
and width, there may be minimum coil size requirements.

Chemical Composition Primary alloying for HSM Grades

Maximum percent
API 5L/ISO 3183
Mn Nb
X42MS L290MS 0.60 0.040
X46MS L320MS 1.00 0.050
X52MS L360MS 1.00 0.050
X56MS L390MS 1.20 0.060
X60MS L415MS 1.20 0.060
X65MS L450MS 1.20 0.080
X70MS L485MS 1.20 0.080

Calcium treated
No intentional addition of nitrogen or boron
Mechanical Properties
(MPa) (ksi) (MPa) (ksi) (max) (ft-lbs) (J) (%)
L290M/X42S 290-495 42.1-71.8 415-760 60.2-110.2 0.93 20 27 85
L320M/X46S 320-525 46.4-76.1 435-760 63.1-110.2 0.93 20 27 85
L360M/X52S 360-530 52.2-76.9 460-760 66.7-110.2 0.93 20 27 85
L390M/X56S 390-545 56.6-79.0 490-760 71.1-110.2 0.93 20 27 85
L415M/X60S 415-565 60.2-81.9 520-760 75.4-110.2 0.93 20 27 85
L450M/X65S 450-600 65.3-87.0 535-760 77.6-110.2 0.93 20 27 85
L485M/X70S 485-635 70.3-92.1 570-760 82.7-110.2 0.93 20 27 85

The microstructure consists of acicular ferrite with ASTM grain size 9 or finer.

The mechanical properties listed above are those in the pipe.

The measured difference in yield strength between the sheet and the pipe is specific for each mill and would depend on several interrelated
factors, such as:
Bauschinger effect
Chemical composition
Type of manufacturing line
D/t (ratio of pipe diameter to pipe wall thickness)
Post treatment (e.g. full body post-heating, coating, stress relieving, etc.)

Therefore, an agreement between ArcelorMittal and the pipe producer on the coil mechanical properties to be guaranteed must be reached
prior to delivery of the coils.

API: American Petroleum Institute Mn: Manganese

CEIIW: Carbon equivalent, based on the International Institute of Welding equation - MPa: Megapascals
per API, used for steels with carbon contents over 0.12% Nb: Niobium (also referred to as Columbium, Cb)
CVN: Charpy V Notch Energy Pcm: Carbon equivalent, based on the chemical portion of the Japanese (Ito-Bessyo)
DWTT: % shear fracture in Drop-weight Tear Test weldability equation per API, used for steels with carbon contents of 0.12% or
ft-lbs: Foot-pounds less
ISO: International Organization for Standardization TS: Tensile strength (designated by Rm in API specifications)
J: Joules Y/T: Yield (strength) to tensile (strength) ratio; or Rt0.5 /Rm
ksi: Kilo-pounds per square inch YS: Yield strength at 0.5% total elongation (designated by Rt0.5 in API specifications)

ArcelorMittal USA
1 South Dearborn Street
18th Floor
Chicago, IL 60603
T +1 800 422 9422
E energypipeinquiries@arcelormittal.com

www.arcelormittal.com October 2010