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ENGINE CONTROL (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE)

SYSTEM OUTLINE
THE ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM UTILIZES A MICROCOMPUTER AND MAINTAINS OVERALL CONTROL OF THE ENGINE,
TRANSMISSION, ETC. AN OUTLINE OF ENGINE CONTROL IS GIVEN HERE.

1. INPUT SIGNAL
(1) ENGINE COOLANT TEMP. SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE ENGINE COOLANT TEMP. SENSOR DETECTS THE ENGINE COOLANT TEMP. AND HAS A BUILT-IN THERMISTOR WITH A
RESISTANCE WHICH VARIES ACCORDING TO THE WATER TEMP. THUS THE WATER TEMP. IS INPUT IN THE FORM OF A
CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL THW OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(2) INTAKE AIR TEMP. SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE INTAKE AIR TEMP. SENSOR DETECTS THE INTAKE AIR TEMP., WHICH IS INPUT AS A CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL THA
OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(3) HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE OXYGEN DENSITY IN THE EXHAUST EMISSIONS IS DETECTED AND INPUT AS A CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL OX1 OR
OX2 OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE. TO MAINTAIN STABLE DETECTION PERFORMANCE BY THE HEATED OXYGEN
SENSOR, A HEATER IS USED FOR WARMING THE SENSOR. THE HEATER IS ALSO CONTROLLED BY THE ENGINE CONTROL
MODULE (HT1 OR HT2).
(4) RPM SIGNAL SYSTEM
CRANKSHAFT POSITION AND ENGINE RPM ARE DETECTED BY THE PICK-UP COIL INSIDE THE DISTRIBUTOR, THEN
CRANKSHAFT POSITION AND RPM IS INPUT TO TERMINALS NE AND NE-.
(5) THROTTLE SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR DETECTS THE THROTTLE VALVE OPENING ANGLE, WHICH IS INPUT AS A CONTROL
SIGNAL TO TERMINAL VTA OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE, OR WHEN THE VALVE IS FULLY CLOSED, TO TERMINAL IDL.
(6) VEHICLE SPEED SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR, INSTALLED INSIDE THE COMBINATION METER, DETECTS THE VEHICLE SPEED AND INPUTS A
CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL SP1 OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(7) A/C SW SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE OPERATING VOLTAGE OF THE A/C MAGNETIC CLUTCH IS DETECTED AND INPUT IN THE FORM OF A CONTROL SIGNAL TO
TERMINAL AC1 OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(8) BATTERY SIGNAL SYSTEM
VOLTAGE IS CONSTANTLY APPLIED TO TERMINAL BATT OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE. WHEN THE IGNITION SW IS
TURNED TO ON, VOLTAGE FOR ENGINE CONTROL MODULE OPERATION IS APPLIED VIA THE EFI RELAY TO TERMINAL +B OF
THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(9) INTAKE AIR VOLUME SIGNAL SYSTEM
INTAKE AIR VOLUME IS DETECTED BY THE MASS AIR FLOW METER AND A SIGNAL IS INPUT INTO TERMINAL VG OF THE
ENGINE CONTROL MODULE AS A CONTROL SIGNAL.
(10) STOP LIGHT SW SIGNAL SYSTEM
THE STOP LIGHT SW IS USED TO DETECT WHETHER OR NOT THE VEHICLE IS BRAKING AND THE INFORMATION IS INPUT AS A
CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL BK OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(11) STA SIGNAL SYSTEM
TO CONFIRM THAT THE ENGINE IS CRANKING, THE VOLTAGE APPLIED TO THE STARTER MOTOR DURING CRANKING IS
DETECTED AND IS INPUT AS A CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL STA OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.
(12) ENGINE KNOCK SIGNAL SYSTEM
ENGINE KNOCKING IS DETECTED BY THE KNOCK SENSOR AND INPUT AS A CONTROL SIGNAL TO TERMINAL KNK OF THE
ENGINE CONTROL MODULE.

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2. CONTROL SYSTEM
* MFI SYSTEM
THE MFI SYSTEM MONITORS THE ENGINE CONDITIONS THROUGH THE SIGNALS EACH SENSOR (INPUT SIGNALS (1 TO 12))
INPUTS TO THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE. BASED ON THIS DATA AND THE PROGRAM MEMORIZED IN THE ENGINE CONTROL
MODULE, THE MOST APPROPRIATE FUEL INJECTION TIMING IS DECIDED AND CURRENT IS OUTPUT TO TERMINALS #10, AND #20
OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE, CAUSING THE INJECTORS TO OPERATE (TO INJECT FUEL). IT IS THIS SYSTEM WHICH,
THROUGH THE WORK OF THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE, FINELY CONTROLS FUEL INJECTION IN RESPONSE TO DRIVING
CONDITIONS.
* ESA (ELECTRONIC SPARK ADVANCE) SYSTEM
THE ESA SYSTEM MONITORS THE ENGINE CONDITIONS USING THE SIGNALS (INPUT SIGNALS (1, 4, 5 TO 7, 9, 11, 12)) INPUT TO
THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE FROM EACH SENSOR. BASED ON THIS DATA AND THE PROGRAM MEMORIZED IN THE ENGINE
CONTROL MODULE, THE MOST APPROPRIATE IGNITION TIMING IS DECIDED AND CURRENT IS OUTPUT TO TERMINAL IGT OF
THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE. THIS OUTPUT CONTROLS THE IGNITER TO PRODUCE THE MOST APPROPRIATE IGNITION
TIMING FOR THE DRIVING CONDITIONS.
* HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR HEATER CONTROL SYSTEM
THE HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR HEATER CONTROL SYSTEM TURNS THE HEATER TO ON WHEN THE INTAKE AIR VOLUME IS LOW
(TEMP. OF EXHAUST EMISSIONS LOW), AND WARMS UP THE HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR TO IMPROVE DETECTION
PERFORMANCE OF THE SENSOR. THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE EVALUATES THE SIGNALS FROM EACH SENSOR (INPUT
SIGNALS (1, 4, 8, 9, 11)), CURRENT IS OUTPUT TO TERMINAL HT1 OR HT2 AND CONTROLS THE HEATER.
* EGR CUT CONTROL SYSTEM
THE EGR CUT CONTROL SYSTEM CONTROLS THE VSV (EGR) BY EVALUATING THE SIGNALS FROM EACH SENSOR INPUT TO THE
ENGINE CONTROL MODULE (INPUT SIGNALS (1, 9)) AND BY SENDING OUTPUT TO TERMINAL EGR OF THE ENGINE CONTROL
MODULE.

3. DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM
WITH THE DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM, WHEN THERE IS A MALFUNCTION IN THE ECU SIGNAL SYSTEM, THE MALFUNCTIONING SYSTEM IS
RECORDED IN THE MEMORY. THE MALFUNCTIONING SYSTEM CAN THEN BE FOUND BY READING THE DISPLAY (CODE) OF THE
MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LAMP.

4. FAIL-SAFE SYSTEM
WHEN A MALFUNCTION OCCURS IN ANY SYSTEM, IF THERE IS A POSSIBILITY OF ENGINE TROUBLE BEING CAUSED BY
CONTINUED CONTROL BASED ON THE SIGNALS FROM THAT SYSTEM, THE FAIL-SAFE SYSTEM EITHER CONTROLS THE SYSTEM
BY USING DATA (STANDARD VALUES) RECORDED IN THE ENGINE CONTROL MODULE MEMORY OR ELSE STOPS THE ENGINE.
THE ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM UTILIZES A MICROCOMPUTER AND MAINTAINS OVERALL CONTROL OF THE ENGINE,
TRANSMISSION, ETC. AN OUTLINE OF ENGINE CONTROL IS GIVEN HERE.

73
ENGINE CONTROL (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE)
BR B R 17 BR
I6 IF1

B 26 B
I14 IF1
IG NITIO N SW

B R
W

AC C

IG 1 1F
W 2 AM1

B
I4 7

ST1 1 B
E3
7.5A
IGN

7 AM2 IG 2 6 B R

ST2
15 1F

B
B Y

B W
2 2 2 2

5 1 1 3

STA RTER EFI


REL AY REL AY
WR
W

3 2 2 5

2 2 2 2
2
WR
2 E2
B W

B R

WR

WR
4 0A
WB

AM 1 2

PRESS UR E S ENSO R )
1 7 IF1
1 2 1
B W W R

VSV (VAPO R
VSV (EVAP )
7. 5A
2 2 STA

WR

V 4 (* 1)

V 9 (* 2)
3 2

8 0A 3 0A
C IR CU IT OP ENING

AL T AM 2 2 2
15 3E 1 2 3E
2

WG
1 1
R ELA Y
B W

C 6

5 4 1 23 IF1
14 3E 1 3 3E
L

2 25 IF1
WG
WB

G Y
(* 4 )

9 BN1
B W

4
5 3E 3 3E F7 26 IK1
FU EL M
JUN CTIO N CO N NEC TO R

PUM P W G (* 2)
B
5 W G (* 1)
W

WB

4 3E
GY
(* 3 )

B WR
6 3F 6 BN1
WR
B W

J1

G Y(* 3 )
WB

B ATTERY G Y(* 4 )
9 3F

B W

W B
WB

EA ID

74
8
B R B R
IK2
GY
B (* 2 ) *1 : 2RZFE
*2 : 3RZFE
T1 *3 : 3RZFE A/T
TH RO TTLE *4 : 3RZFE M/T, 2RZFE
FRO M P OW ER SO UR CE S YS TEM PO SITIO N *5 : W/ CRUISE CONTROL
(SEE PAG E 5 0 ) SEN SO R *6 : W/O CRUISE CONTROL

G Y
(* 2)
*7 : 3RZFE
1 *8 : 2RZFE
1 2 3 4

BR B
G Y

Y L
Y
15 A
EFI
B R B BR B BR B
I10 I10 I10 I10 I10 I10

GY
(* 2 )

(* 2)
BR
B R B

B R B

B R B
ENG INE C O O LAN T TEM P. SEN SO R
Y L
2

IN TA KE A IR TEM P . SE NS OR
EG R GA S TEM P. S EN SO R
BY 1 3
1 1 1
B Y

CO N TRO L E CU
FRO M C RU ISE
15 IF1 2 V 8
V APO R
P RES SUR E
2 2 2 S ENS OR

R Y
(* 2 )
B Y

BR B
E 1
GR
G Y

YG
Y L
B

I1 2
E3
1 A 1 B 11 B 12 B 4 B 3 B 9 B 7 B 10 B (* 4)
2 D 22 D 1 F 10 F 11 F 4 F 14 F 9 F 12 F 18 G (* 3)
BA TT NSW V CC VTA ID L TH W THG E2 TH A P TNK

E 5 A , D ,E 6 E ,E 7 B , F ,E 8 C , G
E NG INE C O N TRO L M O DU L E
P RG(* 1)
+B E3 VG TP C E VP(* 2 ) RS C R SO EG R SP1
12 A 16 B 2 B 21 C 23 C 9 C 10 C 6 C 9 A (* 4)
12 D 3 F 2 F 2 E 1 E 6 G 7 G 22 G 8 D (* 3)
GRR
BR W
WR

B R

P B
B

G O
(* 5 )
2 3 3 1 1
IDL E AIR CO NTRO L VA LVE
G R G

7 3E
W G

W G
(* 2 )

(* 1 )

(* 2 )

VSV (E G R )

GO
(* 6 )
V 3

2 6 3E
2
1 M 1 2
GO
VSV (EV AP)

(* 5 )
M A SS AIR FL O W
W R
W R

M E TER
I1

VEH IC L E SPEED S EN SO R
V 4
W R

1 10 A
I10
A

[C OM B. M ETER ]

W G (* 2)
B , C 12
W R

W G (* 1)
WR
(* 2 )

3 B
W R
C1 0

BR

16
W R WR W R W R WR
IK 2 I10 I10 I10
5
G Y(* 3) G Y(* 3 ) G Y(* 3 )
IK2
G Y(* 4) G Y(* 4 )

B W B W

12 10
BR
3D 3D

ID

75
ENGINE CONTROL (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE)
B R B R B R
E5
BR FR OM PO W ER SO UR C E SYSTEM (SE E P AG E 5 0)

B R B R
E5 E7 E7 15A 1 0A
S TO P G AU G E
A 12
A /C AM P LIFIE R
B R

B R

B R

B R
2

2 2 2 2 2 5 1B
20
IN JE CTO R N O. 1

IN JE CTO R N O. 3

IN JE CTO R N O. 2

IN JE CTO R N O. 4
GY GY

B O
IF1
3 8
2 17 3D

STO P LIG HT SW
L B

L Y
1 1 1 1
I6

I8

I7

I9
19 3D
WR

WR

B O
S 5
1

GW
2 IJ1 3 IJ1 5 B

INDIC ATO R LA M P
I10 I10

[CO M B. M E TER ]
5 3C

M AL FU N CTIO N
C1 0 B
WR

L B

L Y
W

4 3C 6 B

GW

V
12 C 11 C 8 A 10 A 20 A 5 A (* 4 )
12 G 11 G 6 D 7 D 21 D 4 D (* 3 )
# 10 # 20 AC T AC 1 BK W

E 5 A , D ,E 6 E ,
E 7 B , F ,E 8 C , G
FC STA L4 4W D TFN TE 1 EN G INE C O N TRO L M OD ULE O X1 HT1
14 A 11 A 21 A 15 B 6 B 2 C (* 4)
14 G 11 D 20 G 10 D 13 D 7 F 5 F 3 G (* 3)
GW

V W
R G
G Y(* 3)

G Y(* 4)

(SH IE LD ED )
B W

P G
W
D ATA LIN K CO N N ECTO R 1

TO D ETECTIO N S W
8
TE 1
H EA TED O XYG EN SENS O R

3 1
(B ANK 1 SEN SO R 1)

+B E1
12 3
D 1

W R

BR

2 4
H 3

W R

W R W R W R
I10
G Y(* 3) BR

G Y(* 4) BR BR
I10
B W
BR

BR

76
B R B R FR O M PO W ER SO U RCE S YSTE M (SE E PAG E 50 )
I10
*1 : 2RZFE 1
*2 : 3RZFE
*3 : 3RZFE A/T
TO TAC HO M ETE R
[CO M B. M ETER ] *4 : 3RZFE M/T, 2RZFE 1 0A
*5 : W/ CRUISE CONTROL O BD
*6 : W/O CRUISE CONTROL
B W
B R

B R
B C 2 *7 : 2RZFE A/T
CRA NK SHA FT *8 : 3RZFE, 2RZFE M/T 2
PO SITION SEN SO R
3 4 5 2 1 2
C NE

D ISTR IBU TOR


IG N ITER

NE NE E
I2

G+ G
D 6

2 1 3
1 2 4 3

(SHIEL DE D)

V
BR
G

R
(S HIEL DE D)

I10
L
I10
(* 7) 12 IF1
BY

B L

G
(* 8)

B
Y

I10

(SH IEL DE D)
(* 7)

V
G I9
3 C 20 C 5 C 18 C 17 C 4 C 7 A (* 4 )
17 G 23 G 11 E 5 E 6 E 12 E 1 9 D (* 3 ) 2 16
IG F IG T G G N E NE SDL SD L BATT

BR
D 7
DATA L IN K
CO N NE CTO R 3
SG CG
5 4

W B
BR
OX2 H T2 KN K E1 EO 3 EO 2 EO1
5 B 15 C 13 B 14 C 25 C 26 C 1 3 C (* 4)
E 5 A , D ,E 6 E ,
13 F 16 G 6 F 24 G 25 G 26 G 1 3 G (* 3 ) 6 IK 2
E 7 B , F ,E 8 C , G

(S HIE LDE D)

(S HIE LDE D)
E NG INE C O N TR O L M ODU L E
BR

BR

BR

BR
(SH IELD ED )
BR
(S HIEL DE D)

I10
B
(S HIE L DE D)

I10
RW
B

7 3F
BR

3 1 I10
H EATE D OXY G EN S EN SO R

22
B

BR BR
IK2
9 3F
(BAN K 1 SEN SO R 2 )

BR

2 4
BR

I10
1
K NO C K SEN SO R
H 4

BR

BR

BR

W R

I10
K 1

BR
BR

W B

BR BR BR
I10

EB ID

77
ENGINE CONTROL (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE)
SERVICE HINTS
EFI RELAY
(2) 5- (2) 3 : CLOSED WITH IGNITION SW AT ON OR ST POSITION
C 6 CIRCUIT OPENING RELAY
1-2 : CLOSED WITH STARTER RUNNING
I 6, I 7, I 8, I 9 INJECTOR
1-2 : 13.4-14.2
T 1 THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR
2-4 : 0.2-0.8 K WITH CLEARANCE BETWEEN LEVER AND STOP SCREW 0 MM (0 IN.)
3-4 : 2.3 K OR LESS WITH CLEARANCE BETWEEN LEVER AND STOP SCREW 0.50 MM (0.0197 IN.)
INFINITY WITH CLEARANCE BETWEEN LEVER AND STOP SCREW 0.77 MM (0.0303 IN.)
2-4 : 3.3-10 K WITH THROTTLE VALVE FULLY OPEN
1-4 : 4-9 K
E 3 ENGINE COOLANT TEMP. SENSOR
1-2 : 10-20 K (-20 C, -4 F)
4-7 K (0C, 32F)
2-3 K (20C, 68F)
0.9-1.3 K (40C, 104F)
0.4-0.7 K (60C 140F)
0.2-0.4 K (80C, 176F)
E 5 (A) , (D) , E 6 (E), E 7 (B) , (F) , E 8 (C) , (G) ENGINE CONTROL MODULE
VOLTAGE AT ENGINE CONTROL MODULE WIRING CONNECTORS
+B -E1 : 9-14 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON)
BATT -E1 : 9-14 VOLTS (ALWAYS)
VCC -E2 : 4.5-5.5 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON)
IDL -E2 : 9-14 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON AND THROTTLE VALVE OPEN)
VTA -E2 : 0.3-0.8 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON AND THROTTLE VALVE FULLY CLOSED)
3.2-4.9 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON AND THROTTLE VALVE FULLY OPEN)
IGT -E1 : PULSE GENERATION (CRANKING OR IDLING)
STA -E1 : 6 VOLTS OR MORE (IGNITION SW AT ST POSITION)
#10, #20-E1 : 9-14 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON)
W -E1 : 9-14 VOLTS (NO TROUBLE AND ENGINE RUNNING)
THA -E2 : 0.5-3.4 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON AND INTAKE AIR TEMP. 20C, 68F)
THW -E2 : 0.2-1.0 VOLTS (IGNITION SW ON AND COOLANT TEMP. 80C, 176F)
SP1 -E1 : PULSE GENERATION WITH VEHICLE MOVING
BK -E1 : 7.5-14 VOLTS (STOP LIGHT SW ON)
RESISTANCE AT ECU WIRING CONNECTOR
(DISCONNECT WIRING CONNECTOR)
IDL -E2 : INFINITY (THROTTLE VALVE OPEN)
0-100 (THROTTLE VALVE FULLY CLOSED)
VTA -E2 : 3.3-10 K (THROTTLE VALVE FULLY OPEN)
0.2-0.8 K (THROTTLE VALVE FULLY CLOSED)
THA -E2 : 2-3 K (INTAKE AIR TEMP. 20C, 68F)
THW -E2 : 0.2-0.4 K (COOLANT TEMP. 80C, 178F)
+B -E2 : 0.2-0.4 K
NE -E1 : 140-180

78
: PARTS LOCATION
CODE SEE PAGE CODE SEE PAGE CODE SEE PAGE
A12 28 B 29 I12 27
E7
C2 26 F 29 I14 29
C6 28 C 29 J1 27
E8
C10 B 28 G 29 K1 27
C12 A 28 F7 30 M1 27
D1 26 H3 26 S5 29
D6 26 H4 26 T1 27
D7 28 I1 27 V3 27
E1 26 I2 27 V4 27
E3 26 I6 27 V8 27
A 29 I7 27 V9 27
E5
D 29 I8 27
E6 E 26 I9 27

: RELAY BLOCKS
CODE SEE PAGE RELAY BLOCKS (RELAY BLOCK LOCATION)
2 19 R/B NO. 2 (ENGINE COMPARTMENT LEFT)

: JUNCTION BLOCK AND WIRE HARNESS CONNECTOR


CODE SEE PAGE JUNCTION BLOCK AND WIRE HARNESS (CONNECTOR LOCATION)
1B 20 COWL WIRE AND J/B NO. 1 (LEFT KICK PANEL)
1F 20 ENGINE ROOM MAIN WIRE AND J/B NO. 1 (LEFT KICK PANEL)
3C
3D
22 COWL WIRE AND J/B NO
NO. 3 (BEHIND THE INSTRUMENT PANEL CENTER)
3E
3F

: CONNECTOR JOINING WIRE HARNESS AND WIRE HARNESS


CODE SEE PAGE JOINING WIRE HARNESS AND WIRE HARNESS (CONNECTOR LOCATION)
EC1 34 (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE) ENGINE ROOM MAIN WIRE AND ENGINE ROOM NO. 2 WIRE (LEFT FENDER)
IF1 36 ENGINE ROOM MAIN WIRE AND COWL WIRE (LEFT KICK PANEL)
IJ1 36 COWL WIRE AND A/C SUB WIRE (BEHIND THE GLOVE BOX)
IK1
36 ENGINE WIRE AND COWL WIRE (RIGHT KICK PANEL)
IK2
BN1 38 FRAME WIRE AND COWL WIRE (UNDER THE DRIVERS SEAT)

: GROUND POINTS
CODE SEE PAGE GROUND POINTS LOCATION
EA 34 (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE) FRONT LEFT FENDER
EB 34 (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE) NEAR THE THROTTLE BODY
ID 36 LEFT KICK PANEL

: SPLICE POINTS
CODE SEE PAGE WIRE HARNESS WITH SPLICE POINTS CODE SEE PAGE WIRE HARNESS WITH SPLICE POINTS
E2 I4
34 (3RZ-FE,
(3RZ FE 2RZ-FE)
2RZ FE) ENGINE ROOM MAIN WIRE
E3 I6 36 COWL WIRE
E5 I9
34 (3RZ-FE
(3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE) ENGINE WIRE
E7 I10 36 ENGINE WIRE

79
ENGINE CONTROL (3RZ-FE, 2RZ-FE)

80
*3 : 3RZFE A/T
*4 : 3RZFE M/T, 2RZFE

81