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Section 9.

' 2 x 2 x
1. y = e 2 e . Plugging it into the differential equation:
3

2 x 2 2 4
3 3 ( 3 )
e 2 e2 x +2 e x +e2 x = e x 2 e2 x + e x +2 e2 x =2 e x
3 .

' rx '' 2 rx
3. a) y =r e and y =r e . Plugging these into the differential
equation:

2 ( r 2 erx ) +r erx erx =0 e rx ( 2 r 2 +r1 ) =0 2 r 2 +r1=0 .

Applying Bhaskaras formula:

b b 24 ac 1 142(1) 1 3 1
r= = = =1 ou
2a 4 4 2 .

x x
' x 1 '' x 1
b) y =a e + b e 2 and y =a e + b e 2 .
2 4

Plugging into the differential equation:


x x x x x x

( 1
) 1
2
1
2
1
2 a e x + b e 2 a e x + b e 2 a ex b e 2 =0 2 a ex + b e 2 a ex + b e 2 a ex b e 2 =0
4 2
.
5. Lets test them:

a) y ' =cos x and y '' =sin x sin x+ sin x =0 . Not a solution.

b) y ' =sin x y '' =cos x cos x +cos x=0 . Not a solution

x
cos x +(x sin x +cos )
c) .
' 1 '' 1
y = ( x cos x +sin x ) y =
2 2

1 1
cos x x sin x + x sin x=sin x . Not a solution.
2 2

d)
' 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
y= (x sin x +cos x )= x sin x cos x y ' ' = x cos x + sin x + sin x x cos x + sin x+ sin x
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
.
7. a) It must be either zero or decreasing.
2
1
b) y'=
1
( x +C ) 2 ( )
=
x +C

' 2
c) y=0 . Since y =0=0 .

1 1
d) 0.5= c=2 y =
C x +2 .

9. a) 0< P< 4200 .

b) P>4200 (the population cant be negative).

c) P=4200 and P=0 .

11. a) It cant be a solution because it has negative slope in some intervals,


'
and y is always positive.

b) It cant be a solution because it has positive slope at y=1 , where the


slope must be flat.

12. It cant be B because when x=0 the slope must be positive. It cant

be A either because the graph is flat at some positive values of x and


y , which cant happen in A. So it must be C.

15. b) When P=M , the function stops increasing, and as P M the


population grows