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8th.

International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

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IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

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- 3 -
8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

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stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording, and scanning without the
permission in writing Marmara University, Istanbul Aydn University and
Sharda University.

8th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE PROCESSING,


WAVELET AND APPLICATIONS (IWW2016), ISTANBUL,
TURKEY

Editors:
Blent O. AKKOYUNLU (Chair)
Zafer ASLAN (Honoree Chair)
Yeliz KARACA (Co-Chair)
Mete TAYAN (Co-Chair)
Osman N. UAN (Co-Chair)

ISBN: 9786054303847

1. Veri madencilii 2. Mhendislik matematii 3. Dalgacklar (Matematik) 4.


Matematiksel fizik 5. Bilgisayar benzetimi 6. evre bilimleri Matematiksel
modeller 7. Data mining 8: Engineering mathematics 9. Wavelets (Mathematics)
10. Mathematical physics 11. Computer simulation 12. Environmental
sciences-Mathematical models

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IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

PREFACE

8th International conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications


(IWW2016) will be held in Istanbul, Turkey between 22nd and 24th of
September, 2016. IWW 2016 will be organized by Marmara University with
the supported by Istanbul Aydn University and Sharda University.

Wavelet analysis can provide a unique decomposition of time series into


signal and noise components. From the overall spectrum independent
spectra can be extracted allowing the separate detection and monitoring of
the world problems. The participants will discuss major issues of importance
for integrated wavelet implementation, including development experiences
worldwide wavelet applications. The wavelet methods provide avenues for
proper understanding of real world problems. These scientific meetings are
intended to provide opportunity for interaction of scientists, engineers,
planners, social scientists, agricultural scientists who are applying wavelets in
their research. Mathematical studies are often aimed to analyze and visualize
real world problems. Discussion on this theme during ICIAM2003 in Sydney
by Prof. Dr. A. H. Siddiqi and his group, mooted the idea of holding symposium
on wavelets.

Keeping in view importance of wavelet tools, Istanbul Commerce University


(Turkey) had organized the First International Workshop on Applications of
Wavelets to Real World Problems during 17-18 July, 2005. The International
Workshops II and III: Mini Symposium on Applications of Wavelets to
Real World Problems: IWW07 and IWW08 were organized by Istanbul
Aydn University with the co-operation of The Abdus Salam International
Centre for Theoretical Physics-Office of External Activities (ICTP-OEA,
Italy). The Fourth International Workshop on Applications of Wavelets to
Real World Problems (IWW2009) was organized by Kocaeli University
with the co-operation of ICTP-OEA in June 2009. A fairly good number of
active researchers of the field participated in its deliberations, and the papers
presented were published in the Proceeding of the Workshop. Encouraged by
the success of the series of Workshops, The Fifth International Symposium
on Wavelet Applications to World Problems (IWW2010) was held in Istanbul
Aydn University with the co-operation of ICTP-OEA, between 7th and 8th of

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

July, 2010. The sixth International Image processing & Wavelet on real World
applications conference (IWW2012) was organized by Boazii University
with the co-operation of Istanbul Aydn University in Istanbul. The seventh
IWW2013 was organized by Universitat Politcnica de Valncia in Valencia,
Spain.

We welcome all researchers and specialists in wavelet to exchange information


during The 8th International conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and
Applications (IWW2016) in Istanbul.

Organizing Committee
Istanbul; September, 2016

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IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Conference Topics

All the research areas of Numerical Analysis and Computational


Mathematics

Image Processing and Wavelet Application


Signal Processing and Wavelet Application
Applications of Wavelet to Real problems
Numerical ODEs
Numerical PDEs (Inc. BVPs)
Scientific Computing and Algorithms
Stochastic Differential Equations
Approximation
Numerical Linear Algebra
Numerical Integral Equations
Error Analysis and Interval Analysis
Difference Equations and Recurrence Relations
Numerical problems in Dynamical Systems
Applications to the Sciences (Computational Physics, Computational
Statistics, Computational Chemistry, Computational Engineering etc.)
Differential Algebraic Equations
Numerical methods in Fourier analysis

All the research areas of Applied Sciences and Mathematics


Mathematical Physics and Wavelets
Computers simulations and Wavelets
Mathematical Physics
Mathematical Chemistry
Mathematical Biology and Mathematical Medicine
Optimization and Operational Research
Theoretical Mechanics
Discrete Applied Mathematics
Statistics
Probability
Dynamical Systems

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Algorithms
Experimental Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science
Applied Analysis
Scientific Analysis
Environmental Analysis
Wavelets in Environmental Problems
Wavelets in Engineering Problems
Mathematical Modelling including but not limited to:
mathematical modelling of engineering processes, manufacturing,
and industrial systems, heat transfer, fluid mechanics, CFD, and
transport phenomena
environmental modelling
solid mechanics and mechanics of metals
electromagnets and MHD
reliability modelling and system optimization
decision sciences in an industrial and manufacturing context
civil engineering systems and structures
mineral and energy resources
relevant software engineering issues associated with CAD and CAE
materials and metallurgical engineering,
mathematical modelling of social, behavioral and other sciences
Wavelets in Engineering Problems
Decomposition and Reconstruction Algorithms, Subdivision
Algorithms
Continuous and Discrete Wavelet Transform
Wavelets in Finance(Economics)
Wavelets in Geophysics
Wavelets in Medicine
Time-frequency Localization
Phase-Space Analysis
Subband Coding
Image Compression
Real-Time Filtering
Radar and Sonar Applications
Transient Analysis

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IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Medical Imaging
Multigrid Methods
Frames
Bifurcation and Singularity Theory
Deterministic Chaos and Fractals
Solution and Coherent Phenomena
Formation of Pattern
Evolution
Complexity Theory and Neural Networks
Analytical Approaches and Simulations for more Accurate Descriptions
Predictions
Experimental Observations and Applications of Nonlinear Phenomena in
Science and Engineering
Theoretical and Applied aspects of Computational Geometry
Control Theory and Automation
Fuzzy Sets and Systems and Fuzzy Logic
Applied Algebra
Quality Theory of Differential Equations
Neural Networks
Robotics
Miscellaneous

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Symposium Language

English is the official language of the IWW 2016 Conference

Details: You can find more details at IWW2016

Web Pages: http://iww-conference.com/, http://muhendislik.aydin.edu.tr/ ,


http://www.marmara.edu.tr/

Committees

Honoree Committee
Mehmet Emin Arat, Marmara University, Turkey
Mehmet Akaln, Marmara University, Turkey
Mustafa Aydn, stanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Yadigr zmirli, stanbul Aydn University, Turkey

Honoree Chair(s)
Zafer Aslan, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Abul Hasan Siddiqi, Sharda University, India

Chair
Blent Oktay Akkoyunlu, Marmara University, Turkey

Co- Chair(s)
Yeliz Karaca, Tuscia University, Italy
Mete Tayan, Marmara University, Turkey
Osman N. Uan, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey

International Advisory Board


Zafer Aslan, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Carlo Cattani, University of Tuscia, Italy
Metin Ger, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Yeliz Karaca, Tuscia University, Italy
Pammy Manchanda, Guru Nanak Dev University, India
Luis M. Snchez Ruiz, Universidad Politcnica de Valencia (UPV), Spain

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IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Hasan Saygn, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey


Abul Hasan Siddiqi, Sharda University, India
Osman N. Uan, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey

Scientific Committee
mer Akgiray, Marmara University, Turkey
Blent Oktay Akkoyunlu, Marmara University, Turkey
Uur Ayan, BCS Technology, Hitachi, Turkey
Nizamettin Aydn, Yldz Technical University, Turkey
Mehmet BARAN, Marmara University, Turkey
Burak Barutu, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Erdi Ata Bleda, Marmara University, Turkey
Hamparsum Bozdoan, Tennessee University, USA
Carlo Cattani, University of Tuscia, Italy
Ali Deniz, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Nee Dernek, Marmara University, Turkey
Murat Doruel, Marmara University, Turkey
Funda Dkmen, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Nevcihan Duru, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Gkhan Bora Esmer, Marmara University, Turkey
Mehmet Akif Eyler, Marmara University, Turkey
Enrico Feoli, University of Trieste, Italy,
Kemal Gven Glen, Nianta University, Turkey
Selahattin ncecik, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Yeliz Karaca, Tuscia University, Italy
Salih Karanfil, European University of Lefke, TRNC
Hlya Sevindir Kodal, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Kasm Koak, Istanbul Technical University
Pammy Machanda, Guru Nanak Dev University, India
Derya Maktav, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Sibel Mente, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Majoz Moonis, University of Massachusetts Medical School, USA


Tahir Shah, ICTP, Italy
Halit Hami z, Kafkas University, Turkey
Haluk zener, Boazii University, Turkey
Mahir Rasulov, Beykent University, Turkey
Mukhayo Rasulova, Physical-Technical Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Luis M. Snchez Ruiz, Universidad Politcnica de Valencia (UPV), Spain
Katepalli, R. Sreenivasan, New York University, USA
Serhat eker, Istanbul Technical University,
Orhan en, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Mete Tayan, Marmara University, Turkey
nsal Tekir, Marmara University, Turkey
Sema Topu, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Hseyin Toros, Istanbul Technical University
Yurdanur nal, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Dursun stnda, Marmara University, Turkey
David Walnut, George Mason University, USA
Uur Yahi, Marmara University, Turkey

Organizing Committee
Blent Oktay Akkoyunlu, Marmara University, Turkey
Yeliz Karaca, Tuscia University, Italy
Cenk Sesal, Marmara University, Turkey
Mete Tayan, Marmara University, Turkey
Osman N. Uan, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey

Steering Committee
Birkan Akgz, Marmara University, Turkey
etin Aknc, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey
Zelha Altnkaya, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Metin Altnkaya, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Mir Bahauddin, Marmara University, Turkey
Hakk Baltac, Turkish State Meteorological Service, Turkey

- 12 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Buse Berber, Marmara University, Turkey


Gkhan Erdemir, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Turkey
Bar Gkalsn, Marmara University, Turkey
engl Hayta, Hali University, Turkey
Suat Ko, Marmara University, Turkey
Ltfiye Kuak, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Zahra Noor, Sharda University, India
Oku, Boazii University, Turkey
evval Maral zcan, Marmara University, Turkey
Gven zdemir, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
E. Tuncay zdemir, Turkish State Meteorological Service, Turkey
Osman Selvi, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Ahmet Tokgzl, Sleyman Demirel University
Ezgi Uarku, Marmara University, Turkey
Francesco Villecco, Salerno University, Italy
Cneyt Yazc, Kocaeli University, Turkey
Nazlhan Yldrm, Marmara University, Turkey
Metin Zontul, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey

Design Committee
Birkan Akgz, Marmara University, Turkey
Cansu Bykhanli, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Merve Erol, Istanbul, Aydn University, Turkey
Bar Gkalsn, Marmara University, Turkey
Nabi Sariba, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
pek Yurtseven, Istanbul Aydn University, Turkey
Ahmet Z. Akkoyunlu, Maltepe, Turkey

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

- 14 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

CONTENTS
Invited speaker abstracts are listed in the first 6 pages and proceedings abstracts are
listed alphabetically according to the surname of the first author
Author(s) Title Page

Contemporary Studies in the


Main Theme of the Conference:
A. H. Siddiqi Image Processing, Wavelets and 26
Applications

L. M. Snchez Ruiz Image Processing in


R. Martnez-Daz Neuroblastoma 123i-Mibg 27
G. Peris-Fajarns Scintigraphies

M. Moonis Comparison of Conventional


K. Ahmedulah Regression with Minimal a Priori
28
C. Rios Assumptions to Validate the Model
S. Alvaraz for Clinical Trials

M. S .Jahan, 18-Years of Investigation of Free


A.Sharmin. Radical Reaction Pathways in 29
B. M. Walters Medical Grade Polyethylene

The Solution of Hierarchy of


N. Bogolubov Quantum Kinetic
M. Rasulova Equations for Correlation Matrices 30
U. Avazov with Generalized
Yukawa Potential

Some Current Trends in Wavelet


P. Manchanda 31
Methods

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Author(s) Title Page


B. Akgz
B. Gkalsn Effects Of Light And Humidity
K. Hara On Polyketide Gene Expression
Levels Of Evernia Prunastri (L.) 32
I. Karalt
C. Sesal Ach.

Climate Classification By Signal


B. Akkoyunlu Processing: A Case Study For
M. Doruel 33
Turkey
M. Tayan

B. Akkoyunlu Fourier Transform Of Temperature


M. Doruel Series in Detecting Climate 34
M. Tayan Change

E. Aldemir Denoising Of 3d Medical Imaging


G. Tohumolu Using Sparse Decomposition 35

The Generalzaton Of N
Z. Altan Dimensonal Matrix Problems
36
With 4-Ways 2-Dimensional Finite
State Automaton

Z. Aslan
U. Sener Analyses Of Wind Energy 37
A. Barhdadi Potential And Efficiency

- 16 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Author(s) Title Page

M. Bahauddin Determination Of The Sources


B. Akkoyunlu And Scavenging Coefficients Of 38
H. zdemir Atmospheric Particles

D. D. Bar Investigating Stationary Waves


A. Gabriel Using 3D TEM Equations 39
S. Topu

Investigation Of Antifungal
Activity Of Carvacrol and
B. Berber Carvacrol Loaded Chitosan
C. Sesal 40
Microcapsules Against Food
Borne Aspergillus Sp. in Different
Environmental Conditions

Investigation Of Anti-Mutagenic
B. Berber Activity Of Chitosan On Quercetin
C. Sesal 41
by Bacterial Reverse Mutation
(Ames) Test

Thermostability of Oleuropein And


B. Berber Microencapsulated Oleuropein
42
C. Sesal Determined by Biological
Antioxidant Assay

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Author(s) Title Page


Analyss of Filtering and
S. amalan Quantization Preprocessing Steps 43
M. Koyuncu in Image Segmentation

T. evik A Novel Content-Based Statistical


N. evik 44
Approach For Face Recognition

Decomposition of brain activity


into resting state networks by
A. Duru 45
phase synchronization via wavelet
transform

K. Erkan
M. Tayan
20th Century Climatic Changes in
B. Akkoyunlu
Western Turkey From Borehole 46
M. Doruel
Climatologic Records
M. nal
E. Balkan

T. Feyiz
B. Akkoyunlu Determination Of Total Airborne
C. Sesal Bacterial and Escherchia Coli in 47
. Oruc The Rain Water
G. Demir

Evernic Acid Reduces Biofilm


B. Gkalsn Formation and Virulence Gene
Expression Of Pseudomonas 48
C. Sesal
Aeruginosa

- 18 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Author(s) Title Page

C. Grel Development and Implementation


M. Hassan G. M. of Rose Stem Tracing Using a
49
Zadeh Stereo Vision Camera System for
A. Erden Rose Harvesting Robot

Genetic Algorithm Based


U. Hacizade Calibration of Measurement 50
Apparatus

B. D skeeli
B. Barutu
Feasibility Study of Sustainable
H zdemir
PV-Wind Hybrid Street Lighting 51
. Oru
Systems
O. Geze
G. Demir

Inpainting Missing Columns


E. Karaca in Digital Images with High
52
M. Alper Tunga Dimensional Model Representation
Method

Comparison Of Neuro-Fuzzy And


Multi-Layer Perceptron Method
Y. Karaca
for The Estimation of Adults
C. Cattani 53
Cognitive Skills Through Feature
D. Galletta
Selection Algorithms Based on
Wais-R

Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis


Y. Karaca Subgroups Disease Using Artifical
Neural Networks and Adaptive 54
. Hayta
Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Author(s) Title Page

. Karagz
Classification of Thermography
N. Severolu
Based Breast Cancer mages Using 55
S. Gltekin
Texture and Statistical Features
M. Benekli

E. Kaya Detection Of Vortices Using 2D


56
M. G. Baydoan Fused Lasso

N. Kumar Artifact-Free Combine Wavelet-


P. Tripathi Domain Sparsity and Total 57
A. Siddiqi Variation (TV) Regularization

Image Restoration Through


O. Ku Tridiagonal Matrix Enhanced
58
B. Tunga Multivariance Products
Representation (Tmempr)

S. Mahsereci
Plastic Waste Recycling: A Case
H. Ozdemir 59
Study in Gaziantep, Turkey
G. Demir

Spatial Codependency Adaptations


M. Mercimek
for Super Resolution Image 60
H. renba
Reconstruction

Big Data Analysis and Some


Sample Program Codes Written in
Matlab, Python, Idl and Fortran for
H. Oz 61
Wavelet Data Analysis and Sources
to Learn Python, R and Matlab
Programming

- 20 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Author(s) Title Page

Electrochemical Detection of
. M. zcan
N Acyl Homoserine Lactone
A. Koca 62
with Non-Peripheral Manganese
N. C. Sesal
Phthalocyanine Modified Electrode

S.S. A. Rabbani Application Of Wavelet Transform


N. Zahra in Structural Health Monitoring 63
System for Buildings

H. Kodal Sevindir
Qrs Detection Based on Wavelet
S. etinkaya 64
Transform
C. Yazc

H. Kodal Sevindir On Visual Secret Sharing Based on


65
Nilhan Sayn Wavelet Transform

H. Kodal Sevindir
Colour Visual Cryptography
N. Sayn
Based on Discrete Wavelet 66
C. Yazc
Transform
S. etinkaya

Development of A High
Performance System for Early
H. Tak
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer Based
. Hayta 67
on Machine Learning Algorithms
M. Hayta
by The Help of Feature Selection
Methods

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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

Author(s) Title Page


H. Turkmen
N. Oksuzomer
Robust and Smooth Colour
C. B. Yigit
Tracking by A Tendon Driven 68
E. Bayraktar
Humanoid Neck
H. Kucuk
P. Boyraz

Inhibiting Quorum Sensing


E. Uarku
Systems of Pseudomonas
B. Gkalsn
Aeruginosa by Extracts of Lichens 69
G. zyiitolu
Collected From Bolu-Aladalar
N. Cenk Sesal
Region

E. Uarku
. Maral zcan Antibacterial Effect of Resveratrol
70
B. Berber Againist Propionibacterium Acnes
C. Sesal

P. Yang Reducing False Positives of


W. Zhang Steganalysis via Classification of 71
N. Yu Image-Acquiring Sources

Obtaining Transmission
V. Yazc, Conditions For Fourth-Order
72
Z. Muradolu Ordinary Differential Equations
with Discontinuous Coefficients

N. Yldrm Application in Sandy Areas


Y. Grtu of Biocementation Formed by 73
N. C. Sesal Ureolytic Bacteria

- 22 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Author(s) Title Page

N. Yldrm
Improvement of Sandy and Clayed
Y. Grtu 74
Areas by Biocementation
N. C. Sesal

Feature Extraction of Brain


N. Zahra 75
Tumour Using Wavelet

- 23 -
8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

INVITED SPEAKERS

A. H. Siddiqi
Former Pro - Vice - Chancellor AMU,
Senior Associate ICTP, Sharda University, Geeater
Noida, NCR, India
E-mail: siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com

Luis M. Snchez Ruiz


Director Research&Innovation Area ETSID-Depto.
De Mathematica AplicadaTechnical University of
Valencia
E-mail: lmsr@mat.upv.es

Majoz Moonis
Director of Stroke Services,
Department Neurology and Psychiatry,
University of Massachusettes Medical School, USA
E-mail: Majaz.Moonis@umassmemorial.org

- 24 -
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Muhammad Shah Jahan


Chair, Department of Physics and Material Science
University of Memphis, USA
E-mail: mjahan@memphis.edu

Mukhayo Rasulova
Physical -Technical Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekstan
E-mail: rasulova@live.com

Pammy Machanda
Department of Mathematics, GNDU, Amritsar, India
E-mail: pmanch2k1@yahoo.co.in

- 25 -
IWW2016,22-24
IWW2016, 22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytekteksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8thInternational
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8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

CONTEMPORARYSTUDIES
CONTEMPORARY STUDIESININTHE
THEMAIN
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AbulHasan
Abul SIDDIQI,President,
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ISIAM,Sharda
ShardaUniversity,
University,Greater
GreaterNoida,
Noida,UP,
UP,India
India
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
Abstract
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are produced inIndia
Indiaononrole
byinbombardment roleofof
of mathematic
mathematic
neurons within ininBrain
Brain
the Studies.
Studies.
brains which TheThe
are
roleofofwavelet
role
measured wavelet curveletsand
curvelets
and evaluated byand shearletsin
shearlets
EEG.EEG inbrain
signalsbrain studies
studies
are hasbeen
has
low voltage been studied
studied
signals thatbyby members
members
are ofofmy
contaminated my research
research
by various
group,particularly
group,
types ofparticularly
noises that Ruchira
Ruchira
are also , called
Noorand
, Noor and Nagmainintheir
asNagma
artifacts. Astheir research
research
these papers.
papers.
signals are used to diagnose various types of
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these signals free from noise for proper analysis and
Another
Another invited speaker from USA, Prof. Shah Jahan Department ofofPhysics Material Science
Physics&&Material
detectioninvited
of the speaker
diseases.fromThis USA,paper, Prof.
describesShaha Jahan
combine Department
wavelet-domain sparsity and total Science
variation
(TV) regularization (WATV) denoising method that is relatively free of artifactsconference.
Memphis
Memphis University,
University, USA
USA will
will present
present research
research activities
activities of of his
his group
group during
during this
this conference. One
(pseudo-Gibbs One
sectionofofhishisgroup
section
oscillations andgroupis isworking
noise working onearly
spikes)onnormallyearlydetection
detection ofofcancer
introduced cancerininthe
by simple theabdomen
abdomen
wavelet area.Image
area. Imageprocessing
thresholding. processing
The method and
and is
waveletmethods
wavelet
formulated methods
as anmaymayfindfinduseful
optimization useful applications
applications
problem ininthis
incorporatingthisstudy.
study.
bothOurOurgroup
waveletgroup hasalso
has
sparsity also studied
studied
and roleofofwavelets
role wavelets
TV regularization. To
inelectronic
electronic
instrongly induce voting
voting machine
machine
wavelet andandvector
sparsity, vector
the valuedtomography.
valued
approach tomography.
uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.

Keywords:
KeyWords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words:Radon
RadonTransform, (EEG), Wavelet
Transform,Compression
Compression Transform,
Sensing,
Sensing, Total
Frames,Seismic
Frames, Variation,
Seismic Regularization
Tomography,
Tomography, Biometric
Biometric

- 26 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda

8th International
IWW 2016, 22 - 24Conference onIstanbul,
September, Image Processing,
Turkey Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

IMAGE PROCESSING IN NEUROBLASTOMA 123I-MIBG SCINTIGRAPHIES


IMAGE PROCESSING IN NEUROBLASTOMA 123I-MIBG SCINTIGRAPHIES
Luis Manuel Snchez RUIZ, Rafael Martnez-DIAZ and Guillermo Peris-FAJARNS
De Mathematica
Luis Aplicada
Manuel Snchez Technical
RUIZ, University of Valencia,
Rafael Martnez-DIAZ Valencia,
and Guillermo Spain
Peris-FAJARNS
lmsr@mat.upv.es
De Mathematica Aplicada Technical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
lmsr@mat.upv.es
Abstract

Abstract
There exist several image processing modalities in neuroblastoma detection. Among them, scans of
123I-mBG happen to be the most specific and sensitive ones, so they have an Important role in assessing
There
the exist
stage of several imageand
the disease processing modalities
the patients response in to
neuroblastoma detection.
treatment. Although Among that
guidelines them,attempt
scans of
to
123I-mBG happen
homogenize to be the
the process most specific
of patient and sensitive
preparation and image ones, so they have
acquisition an Important
are followed whenrole in assessing
performing the
the stage
scan, thereofaretheintrinsic
diseaseproblems
and the patients response
to this type to treatment.
of medical imaging that Although
degradeguidelines
its qualitythat
andattempt to
cannot be
homogenize
avoided nowadays.the process
Imagesof patient preparation
acquired, especiallyandinimage
youngacquisition
children, areshowfollowed when performing
poor defined the
contours, low
scan, there
contrast andare intrinsicvariations
intensity problemsbetween
to this type of medical
scans, making imaging that
it difficult to degrade
identify its
thequality
areas ofand cannot be
123I-mIBG
avoided nowadays.
uptake. Quite recentlyImages
various acquired, especially scoring
semi quantitative in young children,
methods show poor scans
of 123ImIBG definedhavecontours,
emergedlowin
contrast and intensity
order to quantify variations between
the effectiveness scans,
of treatment makingand
response it difficult to identify
to standardize the areas of
the assessment of123I-mIBG
the studies.
uptake. Quite recently various semi quantitative scoring methods of 123ImIBG scans have emerged in
Thesetomethods
order quantifyhave proven to helpofassessing
the effectiveness treatmentpatient
responseprognosis, so that theythe
and to standardize have become essential
assessment when
of the studies.
assessing the disease. But when applying any scoring method, and because of poor definition of images,
These methodscontains
the valuation have proven to help
usually highassessing
degree ofpatient prognosis,
subjectivity andsodependence
that they haveonbecome essential
the observer, when
making
assessing
difficult thethecomparison
disease. Butofwhen applying
results betweenanydifferent
scoring method,
medical and because of
institutions. poor an
Hence definition
automatedof images,
tool is
the valuation
needed to assistcontains usually
the diagnosis high degree
in order of subjectivity
to decrease subjectivityand dependence
in the applicationon the observer,
of these making
scoring methods
difficult
and improve the comparison
the objectiveofevaluation
results between different to
of the response medical
treatmentinstitutions. Hence anofautomated
and the prognosis tool is
the patient.
needed to assist the diagnosis in order to decrease subjectivity in the application of these scoring methods
In this
and talk we
improve thepresent a methodology
objective evaluation oftothetake objective
response and easilyand
to treatment comparable measurements
the prognosis on 123I-
of the patient.
mIBG scans, along with an image processing algorithm to automatically detect 123I-mIBG uptake areas
In this are
which talksufficiently
we presentanomalous
a methodologyto beto take objective
suspected of beingandpathological.
easily comparable measurements on 123I-
mIBG scans, along with an image processing algorithm to automatically detect 123I-mIBG uptake areas
Keywords:
which Image processing,
are sufficiently anomalous neuroblastoma
to be suspected of being pathological.
Keywords: Image processing, neuroblastoma

- 27 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International
IWW2016, ConferenceIstanbul,
22-24 September, on Image Processing,
Turkey Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
tek sayfalarda
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL


COMPARISON OF CONVENTIONAL REGRESSION WITH MINIMAL A PRIORI
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
ASSUMPTIONS
COMPARISON TO VALIDATE REGRESSION
OF CONVENTIONAL THE MODEL FOR WITH CLINICAL
MINIMAL TRIALS
A PRIORI
ASSUMPTIONS TO VALIDATE THE MODEL FOR CLINICAL
Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI TRIALS
Majaz MOONIS, Kabir AHMEDULLAH, Carolina RIOS, Sergio ALVARAZ
Department of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
Majaz MOONIS, Kabir AHMEDULLAH, Carolina RIOS, Sergio ALVARAZ
Noida, DelhiNeurology
Department (NCR) India
and- Psychiatry,
201306
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
Department Neurology and Psychiatry,
University of Massachusettes Medical School, USA
Abstract of Massachusettes Medical School, USA
University
E-mail: Majaz.Moonis@umassmemorial.org
E-mail: Majaz.Moonis@umassmemorial.org
Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
measured
Abstract and evaluated by EEG.EEG signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
types of noises that are also called as artifacts. As these signals are used to diagnose various types of
Abstract
brain
We, inrelated diseases
the classic it becomes
statistical necessary
models assumetocertain
make these
thingssignals
which free
mayfrom
or maynoise
notfor
beproper
correctanalysis
hence and
detection
biasing
We, ofoutcomes.
in thethe the diseases.
classic statisticalThis
Machine paper,
models describes
algorithms
assume with avery
certain combine wavelet-domain
minimal
things which input
maymay sparsity
arrive
or may and total
notatbedeterminants
correct variation
hence that are
(TV)
beyond
biasing regularization
those
the (WATV)algorithms
used byMachine
outcomes. conventionaldenoising method
statistics.
with that is relatively
very minimal input mayfree ofatartifacts
arrive (pseudo-Gibbs
determinants that are
oscillations
beyond those and
usednoise spikes) normally
by conventional introduced by simple wavelet thresholding. The method is
statistics.
formulated
To test this,as we,anusing
optimization problemdata
the deidentified incorporating both assessed
base of stroke, wavelet predictors
sparsity and of TV regularization.
outcome using To
strongly
regression
To induce
test this, we, wavelet
as well
using nonsparsity,
as the the approach
use of appraise
deidentified base uses
dataassumptions. parameterized
of stroke,Results non-convex
willpredictors
assessed ofpenalty
be discussed. outcome functions.
using
regression as well as non use of appraise assumptions. Results will be discussed.
Key Words: Observational analysis, end points of outcome
Keywords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words: Observational analysis,(EEG), Wavelet
end points Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
of outcome

- 28 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016,22-24
22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8th8thInternational
InternationalConference
ConferenceononImage
ImageProcessing,
Processing,Wavelet
Waveletand
andApplications
Applications(ift
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
IWW
2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

18-YEARS
18-YEARSOF
OFINVESTIGATION
INVESTIGATIONOF
OFFREE
FREERADICAL
RADICALREACTION
REACTIONPATHWAYS
PATHWAYSIN
IN
MEDICAL
MEDICALGRADE
GRADEPOLYETHYLENE
POLYETHYLENE

Muhammad ShahJAHAN,
MuhammadShah AfsanaSHARMIN,
JAHAN,Afsana SHARMIN,Benjamin MichaelWALTERS
BenjaminMichael WALTERS

Department
DepartmentofofPhysics
Physicsand
andMaterials
MaterialsScience,
Science,The
TheUniversity
UniversityofofMemphis,
Memphis,Memphis,
Memphis,TN
TN38152
38152USA
USA

Presenters
Presenterse-mail address:mjahan@memphis.edu
e-mailaddress: mjahan@memphis.edu

Abstract
Abstract
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
Free
8th radicals,
radicals,produced
FreeInternational produced
Conferenceininmedical
medical
on Image grade
grade polyethylene
polyethylene
Processing, Waveletasasaand
aresult
result ofofradiation
Applications (iftsterilization
radiation sayfalarda)and/or
sterilization and/or
radiation
radiationcross-linking
cross-linkingofofthe themolecules,
molecules,causecauseoxidative
oxidativedegradation
degradationofofthe thematerials
materialsbybyreacting
reactingwith with
thetheadsorbed
adsorbedorordiffused
diffusedoxygen.oxygen.Medical
Medicaldevicesdevicessuch suchasastotal totalhip-hip-ororknee-joint
knee-jointreplacement
replacement
6 6
components
components made
madeout
ARTIFACT-FREE outofofultra-high
ultra-high molecular
molecularweight
COMBINE weightpolyethylene
polyethylene(UHMWPE,
WAVELET-DOMAIN (UHMWPE,SPARSITY MW
MW3-6x10 ANDmoles/g)
3-6x10 moles/g)
TOTAL
undergo free radical-induced
undergo free radical-induced oxidative oxidative degradation,
degradation, andand their
theirlife
lifetime
time is compromised.
is compromised. For
For thethepast
pastfive
five
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
decades,
decades,efforts
effortshave
havebeen
beenmademadebybythe thescientists,
scientists,engineers
engineersand andthe thepolymer
polymermanufacturing
manufacturingcompaniescompanies
inNitendra
inimproving
improving
KUMAR,the
thematerial
material
Padmesh properties
properties
TRIPATHI and
and reducing
and reducing
Abul Hasanororcontrolling
SIDDIQI free
controlling freeradical
radicalreactions.
reactions.InInthe the
Biomaterials
BiomaterialsLaboratory
Laboratoryatatthe theUniversity
UniversityofofMemphis,
Memphis,we wehavehavebeen beeninvestigating
investigatingfree freeradicals
radicalsinin
UHMWPE
UHMWPEfor
Department ofmore
for morethan
Applied than 2525years.
Sciences,years. InInthis
School ofreport
this reportwe wepresent
Engineering present analyses
analysesofoffree
and Technology, freeradical
Sharda radical data
datarecorded
University, recorded
Greater
1 1
following
following
Noida, gamma
Delhigamma irradiation
(NCR) India - and
irradiation andsubsequent
201306 subsequenttreatments
treatmentsofofUHMWPE
UHMWPEfor years.Using
for1818years. Usingelectron
electronspin spin
resonance
E-mail:
resonance (ESR)
(ESR)technique,
technique,the
nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, thereaction
reactionpathways
pathwaysofofeach eachtype
padmesh01@rediffmail.com, typeofofradical are
arefollowed
followedasasa afunction
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
radical functionofof
time,
time,temperature
temperature(23C,(23C,37C 37Cand and75C),
75C),and andenvironment
environment(air, (air,vacuum
vacuumorornitrogen).
nitrogen).Sterilization
Sterilizationdose dose
ofAbstract
of25-30
25-30kGy kGyproduced
17
produced101017radicalsradicalsperpergm gmasasmeasured
measuredatatt=0, t=0,which
whichwas wasreduced
reducedtotoabout
16
about101016per per
1414 1515
gm gmininfive
fiveyears,
years,andandinin1818years
years(current
(currentstudy),
study),the theconcentration
concentrationwas wasfound between1010 and
foundbetween and1010 per per
Electroencephalogram
gm. (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneousvacuum electrical activity of the brain over
gm.TheThesamples
sampleswhichwhichwere werestored
storedininthe thesealed
sealedenvironments,
environments, vacuumorornitrogen, nitrogen,showed showedthe the
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
presence
presenceofofthe theprimary
primaryradicals,
radicals,allyl
allyl(10%),
(10%),alkylalkyl(15%)
(15%)and anddienyle
dienyle(74%)(74%)with withminimum
minimumorornono
measured and evaluated by EEG.EEG signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
detectable
detectable oxygen-induced
oxygen-induced radicals because of unavailability ofofdiffused oxygen.
oxygen.Invarious
Inthe theopen-air
types of noises that are also radicals
called asbecause
artifacts.ofAsunavailability
these signals are diffused used to diagnose open-air
types of
samples,
samples,
brain thetheprimary
related primaryit
diseases radicals
radicals
becomes decayed
decayed
necessarytotooxygen-induced
tooxygen-induced
make these signals polyenyle
polyenyle
free fromradicals
noise by
radicals byreacting
for reacting
proper with
withthe
analysis the
and
diffused
detection oxygen
diffused oxygen since the
of the diseases. adsorbed
since the Thisadsorbed oxygen
paper,oxygen had been
had been
describes consumed
consumed
a combine during or immediately
during or immediately
wavelet-domain sparsity and after
after irradiation.
total irradiation.
variation
Because
Because
(TV) ofofthermal
thermalrecombination
regularization recombination
(WATV) denoising ororquenching,
methodnono
quenching, radical
that radical could
couldbebefree
is relatively found of inartifacts
found inthe
the75-C
75-C -open
-openairair
(pseudo-Gibbs
samples.
samples.Analyses
oscillations Analyses ofofthe
and noise the ESR
ESRdata
spikes) dataofofthe
normally the open-air
open-airsamples
introduced samples
by simple further
further revealed
waveletrevealed the
thepresence
thresholding. Theofof
presence carbon-
carbon-
method is
centered
centeredand
formulated andoxygen-centered
as an optimizationpolyenyle
oxygen-centered problem radicals,
polyenyle radicals,each
incorporating eachone onehas
both hasitsitscharacteristic
wavelet sparsity andg-value
characteristic g-value and
andhyperfine
TV regularization. hyperfine To
constants.
strongly
constants. induce wavelet sparsity, the approach uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.

Keywords:
Key
KeyWords: Electroencephalogram
Words:UHMWPE,
UHMWPE,free (EEG),
freeradicals,
radicals, Wavelet
orthopedic
orthopedic Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
biomaterial
biomaterial

- 29 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24 September,
22-24 September,Istanbul, Turkey
Istanbul, tektek
Turkey sayfalarda
sayfalarda
8th8th
International Conference
International Conference ononImage Processing,
Image
8th. International Processing,
ConferenceWavelet
Waveletand Applications
and
On Image Processing,(ift
Applications sayfalarda)
(ift
Waveletsayfalarda)
and Applications
IWW2016,
22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
THESOLUTION
THE SOLUTIONOF OFHIERARCHY
HIERARCHYOF OFQUANTUM
QUANTUMKINETICKINETIC
EQUATIONS
EQUATIONS FORCORRELATION
FOR
ARTIFACT-FREE CORRELATION MATRICESWITH
MATRICES
COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAINWITH GENERALIZED
GENERALIZED
SPARSITY AND TOTAL
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
YUKAWAPOTENTIAL
YUKAWA POTENTIAL
Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
1 1 2 2 2 2
Nikolai
Nikolai (Jr)
(Jr)
Department BOGOLUBOV
BOGOLUBOV , Mukhayo
, Mukhayo
of Applied Sciences, School RASULOVA
RASULOVA
of Engineering and
and Umar
Umar
and AVAZOV
AVAZOV
Technology, Sharda University, Greater
1 Noida,
1 Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
Steklov
Steklov Institute ofof
Institute Mathematics
Mathematics ofofthethe
Russian
Russian Academy
Academy ofof
Sciences,
Sciences,
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
Moscow
Moscow 119991,
119991, Russia
Russia
Abstract
bogolubv@mi.ras.ru
bogolubv@mi.ras.ru
2 Electroencephalogram (EEG)Academy
signal is of
the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
, 2Institute ofof
, Institute Nuclear
NuclearPhysics
Physics Academy Sciences
of SciencesRepublic
RepublicofofUzbekistan,
Uzbekistan,
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
measured
Tashkent
Tashkent and evaluated
100214,
100214, Republic byofEEG.EEG
Republic ofUzbekistan
Uzbekistan signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
types of noises that are also called as artifacts. As these signals are used to diagnose various types of
rasulova@live.com
rasulova@live.com
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these signals free from noise for proper analysis and
detection
Abstract of the diseases. This paper, describes a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
Abstract
(TV) regularization (WATV) denoising method that is relatively free of artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
Inoscillations
In paper
paper thethe and noiseofof
evolution
evolution spikes) normally
N Nidentical
identical inin introduced
mass
mass and
and byparticles
charge
charge simple wavelet
particles thresholding.
interacting
interacting viavia The Yukawa
generalized
generalized method
Yukawa is
formulated
Potential as an optimization
Potentialis isinvestigated.
investigated. Thesystem
The problem
system incorporating
ofofparticles both wavelet
particlesis isconsidered
considered asparsity
inina finite and
finitearea. TV regularization.
Using
area. Usingthethesemi
semigroupTo
group
strongly
Theory,
Theory, induce
wewe prove
provewavelet
thethe sparsity,
existence
existence ofofa the approach
a unique
unique uses
solution
solution ofofparameterized
thethe BBGKY
BBGKY non-convex
chain
chain ofof penalty
quantum
quantum functions.
kinetic
kinetic equations.
equations.

KeyWords:
Key Words:Generalized
Keywords: GeneralizedYukawa
Yukawapotential,
Electroencephalogram potential,
(EEG), screened
Wavelet
screened Coulombpotential,
Transform,
Coulomb potential,
Total thethepotential
Variation, potential
ofofthetheDebye-
Regularization Debye-
Huckel,
Huckel, Yukawa
Yukawa potential,
potential, chain
chain ofof quantum
quantum kinetic
kinetic equations
equations BBGKI.
BBGKI.

- 30 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24
22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
ARTIFACT-FREE Turkey
Istanbul,
COMBINE Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
8th
8thInternational
InternationalConference
ConferenceononImage
ImageProcessing,
VARIATIONProcessing, Wavelet
(TV)Wavelet and
andApplications
Applications(ift
REGULARIZATION (iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI

SOME
Department of AppliedCURRENT
SOME CURRENT TRENDS
TRENDS
Sciences, School ININWAVELET
of EngineeringWAVELET METHODS
METHODS
and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
Noida, Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
PamyMANCHANDA
Pamy MANCHANDA
Abstract
Department
DepartmentofofMathematics,
Mathematics,Guru
GuruNanak
NanakDev
DevUniversity,
University,Amritsar,
Amritsar,India
India
Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
Email:
Email:pmanch2k1@yahoo.co.in
a small pmanch2k1@yahoo.co.in
interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
measured and evaluated by EEG.EEG signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
Abstract
Abstract
types of noises that are also called as artifacts. As these signals are used to diagnose various types of
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these signals free from noise for proper analysis and
AAreview
reviewofofrecent
recentwork
workcarried
carriedbybyour
ourresearch
researchgroup
groupwill
willbebepresented.
presented.Numerical
Numericalevaluation
evaluationofofHankel
Hankel
detection of the diseases. This paper, describes a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
transform
transform using
usingwavelets
(TV) regularizationwavelets will
willbebediscussed.
(WATV) discussed.Role
denoising RoleofofWalsh
method Walsh
that isFourier
Fouriertheory
relatively freeinin
theory ofmulti
multiresolution
resolution
artifacts analysis
analysis
(pseudo-Gibbs
for
forwavelets, wavelet
wavelets,and
oscillations noisepackets
wavelet packetsand
spikes) andvector
vector
normally valued
valuedwavelets
introduced wavelets
by simple R+ +will
willbe
ininRwavelet beindicated.
indicated.We
thresholding. Wewill
The willalso
method also
is
present/compare
formulated as ansome
present/compare some results
resultson
optimization onnumerical
numerical
problem solution
solutionof
incorporating ofdifferential
both differential equations
andusing
equations
wavelet sparsity using
TV Uniform
UniformHaar,
Haar,
regularization. To
Nonuniform
Nonuniform Haar
strongly induce Haarand
andHaar
waveletHaar Vilenkinthewavelets.
Vilenkin
sparsity, wavelets. uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.
approach

Key
KeyWords:
Keywords:
Words:Hankel
HankelTransform,
Transform,Non
Electroencephalogram
Non uniform
(EEG), Haar
HaarWavelet,
Wavelet
uniform Wavelet,Haar
Transform, Vilenkin
Total
Haar wavelet
Variation,
Vilenkin Regularization
wavelet

- 31 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016, 22-24 September,
8th International Conference Istanbul, Turkey
on Image tek sayfalarda
Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

EFFECTS OF LIGHT AND HUMIDITY ON POLYKETIDE GENE EXPRESSION


EFFECTS OF LIGHT AND HUMIDITY
LEVELS ONPRUNASTRI
OF EVERNIA POLYKETIDE(L.) GENE
ACH. EXPRESSION
LEVELS OF EVERNIA PRUNASTRI (L.) ACH.

Birkan AIKGZ1 ,Bar GKALSIN1 , Kojiro HARA3, skender KARALTI2, Cenk SESAL1
Birkan AIKGZ1 ,Bar GKALSIN1 , Kojiro HARA3, skender KARALTI2, Cenk SESAL1

1
1
Marmara University, Science and Art Faculty, Department of Biology, Gztepe Campus, Istanbul,
Marmara
Turkey University, Science and Art Faculty, Department of Biology, Gztepe Campus, Istanbul,
Turkey
2
2
Yeditepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul,
IWW2016,
Yeditepe 22-24 September,
Turkey University, Faculty Istanbul,
of HealthTurkeySciences,tek sayfalarda
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul,
Turkey
8th
3 International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
3
Akita Prefectural University, Faculty of Bioresource Science, Akita, Japan
Akita Prefectural University, Faculty of Bioresource Science, Akita, Japan
birkanacikgoz@hotmail.com
birkanacikgoz@hotmail.com
Abstract ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
Abstract VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
Lichens, in other words lichenized fungi, are known as symbiotic associations between fungi and
Lichens,
Nitendra inKUMAR,
algae. Lichens otherare words Padmesh
exposed lichenized
toTRIPATHIfungi,
a number ofandare known
Abul
biotic as symbiotic
andHasan
abiotic stressesassociations
SIDDIQI betweenoffungi
and the production and
secondary
algae. Lichensisare
metabolites oneexposed
way of to a number
coping with of biotic
this. It is and
statedabiotic stresses and
that secondary the production
metabolite of secondary
production of lichens
metabolites
Department
vary with lightis ofone way
Applied
and ofSciences,
humidity coping with
stress. this. of
School
Studies Itrevealed
isEngineering
statedthat
thatlight
secondary
andand metabolite
Technology,
humidity production
Sharda
stress of lichens
University,
affects Greater
photosynthesis
vary
ratewith
Noida, light and
of Delhi
Evernia (NCR) humidity
India (L.)
prunastri -stress.
201306 Studies
Ach.. revealed
Secondary that light production
metabolite and humidity stress affects
is associated photosynthesis
with fungi partners
rate of Evernia
E-mail:
(mycobiont) prunastri
lichens (L.)
nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
of under Ach..
theSecondary ofmetabolite
polyketideproduction
padmesh01@rediffmail.com,
control synthesis is associated
(PKS) genes.with Thisfungi
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.comstudypartners
aims to
(mycobiont)
investigate of thelichens
effects under the control factors
of environmental of polyketide
of light synthesis
and humidity (PKS) on genes.
PKS gene Thisexpressions
study aimsoftoE.
prunastri.the effects of environmental factors of light and humidity on PKS gene expressions of E.
investigate
Abstract
prunastri.
Fresh test samples of E.
Electroencephalogram (EEG)prunastri
signalwere
is thecollected
recording from city of Boluelectrical
of spontaneous 2016. E.ofprunastri
on April activity the brain wereover
Fresh test samples of E. prunastri weremethods.
collectedLichenfrom city of Bolu onplaced
Apriland2016. E. prunastri were
aidentified using of
small interval classical taxonomical
time. Signals are produced samples
by bombardment were
of neurons kept
within theinbrains
humid-light
which (a),
are
identified
humid-dark using(b), classical
dry-light taxonomical methods.(d) Lichen samplesfor were
48 placed and kept in humid-light (a),as
measured and evaluated by(c), and dry-dark
EEG.EEG signals areconditions
low voltage signals hours.
that Fresh samples
are contaminated wereby used
various
humid-dark
control. (b), dry-light (c), and
and dry-dark (d) conditions for 48 hours. allFresh samples were used were
as
types of Total
noisesRNA that areisolation
also called cDNA synthesis
as artifacts. As was
theseperformed
signals are forused samples.
to diagnosecDNA samples
various types of
control.
kept in Total
-20 C RNA priorisolation and cDNA
toit real-time synthesis
PCR assays. wasoptimizations,
After performed forqPCR all samples. cDNA samplesfor were
brain related diseases becomes necessary to make these signals free fromassay
noisewas performed
for proper analysisPKS and
kept
genein with
-20 C prior to real-time PCR assays. Afterfor optimizations, qPCR assay was performed for PKS
detection ofspecific primers.
the diseases. Actin
This gene
paper, was used
describes normalization.
a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
gene with specific primers. Actin gene was used for normalization.
(TV) regularization
Significant differences(WATV) denoising levels
in gene expression method that is to
according relatively free of artifacts
stress conditions were observed(pseudo-Gibbs
from the
Significant
results. Itdifferences
oscillations was noiseinspikes)
andnoticed genegene
that expression
normally levels according
introduced
expressions were to stresswavelet
by simple
up-regulated inconditions were
(b; observed
thresholding.
conditions (c), from
top),The method the is
(a; down)
results.
formulated
compared It was noticed
toascontrol. that gene
an optimization
Lowest expressions
problem
gene were
levelsup-regulated
incorporating
expression wereboth in in
wavelet
detected conditions
sparsity
dry-darkand (b; condition.
(d) top),regularization.
TV (c), (a; down)To
Differences
compared
strongly to control.
induce
in gene regulations Lowest
waveletindicate gene
that expression
sparsity, the approach
light levels
and humidity useswere detected inaffects
parameterized
significantly dry-dark
non-convex (d) condition.
penalty
polyketide Differences
functions.
synthesis.
in gene regulations indicate that light and humidity significantly affects polyketide synthesis.
Key Words: lichen, PKS, gene expression, environmental conditions
Keywords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words: lichen, (EEG),environmental
PKS, gene expression, Wavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
conditions

- 32 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016, 22-24 September,
8th International ConferenceIstanbul,
on ImageTurkey tek sayfalarda
Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th
International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION BY SIGNAL PROCESSING: A CASE STUDY FOR


CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION BY SIGNAL PROCESSING: A CASE STUDY FOR
TURKEY
TURKEY

Blent O. AKKOYUNLU1, Murat DORUEL2, Mete TAYAN2


Blent O. AKKOYUNLU1, Murat DORUEL2, Mete TAYAN2
1
1
Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
2
2
Faculty of Engineering, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Faculty of Engineering, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Presenters e-mail address: E-mail: bulentoktay@marmara.edu.tr
Presenters
IWW2016,e-mail 22-24 address:
September, E-mail: bulentoktay@marmara.edu.tr
Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
Abstract
8th
Abstract International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
this study, an attempt to classify climate via signal processing was done probably first time in the
In
Inscience
this study, an attempt
literature to classify
and promising climate
results werevia signal processing
obtained. Research was was done out
carried probably
by using first
thetime in the
parameters
science
of mean literature and promising
ARTIFACT-FREE
temperature, temperature results
COMBINE were obtained.
deviation, Research
WAVELET-DOMAIN
mid-summer andwas carriedSPARSITY
normalized outdifference
by using AND the parameters
TOTAL
in summer and
ofwinter
meanprecipitation
temperature,belongingtemperature 54deviation,
toVARIATION mid-summer
Turkish stations. (TV)Since and normalized
REGULARIZATION
the amount difference is
of precipitation inhighly
summer and
effected
winter precipitation
by geographic belonging
location, more to 54 Turkish
variability in stations.
analyses Since the amount for
and dissimilarity of precipitation
these parameters is highly
mayeffected
be found
byeven
geographic
Nitendra for close location,
KUMAR, stations. more variability
Midsummer
Padmesh TRIPATHI in analyses
term that Abul
and andHasan
indicatesdissimilarity
theSIDDIQI
moment for corresponding
these parameters to may be found
the maximum
even for closewithin
temperature stations. Midsummer
a year was described term as thata new
indicates the and
variable momentused corresponding
in this study. Annual to the maximum
data of the
temperature
Departmentwithin
considered parameters
of Applieda year andwas described
their
Sciences, Schoolasof
five-year a new variable
variabilities
Engineering were and
and used ininthis
analyzed
Technology, thestudy.
periodAnnual
Sharda data of
of 19502004
University, the
and
Greater
considered
were
Noida,depicted parameters
Delhi and
in 3-DIndia
(NCR) their
figures five-year
in
- 201306 a search variabilities
for different wereclimatic
analyzed in the period
features. of 19502004
Furthermore, and
4-D graphs,
were depicted
including
E-mail: the in 3-D figures
amount in a search
of the rainfall
nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, for different
variableclimatic
as padmesh01@rediffmail.com,
a fourth features.
in the figures wereFurthermore,
generated and
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com 4-D analyzed.
graphs,
including
After thatthe theamount
positionofofthe rainfall
stations as a fourth
having similarvariable
climate in the figures
properties were were generated
illustrated withand analyzed.
similar colors
After
and that the
then
Abstract position
grouped. Onofthestations having
other hand, similar climate
five-year properties
variabilities in the were illustrated
illustrations with asimilar
showed mobilecolors
signal
and then grouped.
corresponding to On the other
climate change. hand, five-year
It can variabilities
be expressed in the
that the illustrations
higher the variability showed a mobile
in the signal,signal
larger
corresponding
is the changetoinclimate
Electroencephalogram change.
(EEG)
climate. It can
signal
Earlier is be
theexpressed
climatic recording that
zones were the higherdetermined
of spontaneous
mainly the variability
electrical by in
activity the
taking ofsignal,
the larger
intobrain over
account
isgeographic
a the
smallchange
interval in ofclimate.
location time. Earlierare
Signals
or vegetation, climatic
produced
but in the zones were
by bombardment
study, mainly of
atmospheric determined
neurons within
parameters by
andtaking into which
the brains
their signal account
analysesare
geographic
measured
were location
and
directly used orgenerating
evaluated
in vegetation,
by EEG.EEG but in
zones the study,
signals
having atmospheric
are low
different voltage parameters
climaticsignals
features. thatAsare aand theirten
contaminated
result, signal analyses
by
climatic various
zones
were
types
were directly
of noises
determinedusedthatin generating
for are also based
Turkey zones
called ashaving
on different
artifacts.
this climatic
As these
classification. signals
Climatefeatures.
are used
change Asresults
a result,
to diagnose ten various
showed climatic zonesin
types
an increase of
were
brain
the determined
related diseases
temperature for Turkey
deviation andbased
it becomes in theonmean
this classification.
necessary to make these
temperature, Climate
andsignals change
freetofrom
contrary results
this, noise showed
decreasefor proper an increase
in the analysis and
midsummer in
the
for temperature
detection
most ofofthe thedeviation
diseases.and
locations, Thisin the
paper,
suggesting mean temperature,
describes
warmer andcoming
a combine
periods are contrary to this,
wavelet-domain
earlier decrease
than sparsity inand
the normal. thetotal
midsummer
variation
for
(TV)mostregularization
of the locations,(WATV) suggesting warmer method
denoising periods arethatcoming earlier than
is relatively free theof normal.
artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
oscillations and noise spikes) normally introduced by simple wavelet thresholding. The method is
Acknowledgement:
formulated as an optimization This workproblem has been supported both
incorporating by the Scientific
wavelet sparsity andand Technological
TV regularization. Research To
Acknowledgement:
Council
strongly of Turkey
induce Thissparsity,
(TUBITAK)
wavelet work underhasthebeen
Grantsupported
approach 106Y258. by the Scientific
uses parameterized and Technological
non-convex penalty functions. Research
Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) under Grant 106Y258.

Key Words: Signal processing, climate classification.


Keywords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words: Signal (EEG),
processing, climate Wavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
classification.

- 33 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

FOURIER TRANSFORM OF TEMPERATURE SERIES IN DETECTING CLIMATE


FOURIER TRANSFORM OF TEMPERATURE SERIES IN DETECTING CLIMATE
CHANGE
CHANGE

Blent O. AKKOYUNLU1, Murat DORUEL2, Mete TAYAN2


Blent O. AKKOYUNLU1, Murat DORUEL2, Mete TAYAN2
1
1 Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
2
2 Faculty of Engineering, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Faculty of Engineering, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Presenters e-mail address: E-mail (bulentoktay@marmara.edu.tr)
Presenters e-mail address: E-mail (bulentoktay@marmara.edu.tr)
Abstract
Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate climate change in Turkey by daily temperature signal analysis of
The aim of this
52 stations study
in the is to1950
period investigate
- 2010.climate change inderived
First harmonics Turkeyfrom by daily temperature
Fourier transformsignal analysis as
is introduced of a
52IWW2016,
stations in22-24 September,
the period 1950 -Istanbul,
2010. FirstTurkey tek sayfalarda
harmonics derived from Fourier transform is introduced as a
new approach to analyze the variation of temperature in climate research. Seasonal fluctuations in the
new
8th approach to analyze
International Conferencethe variation
on Imageof temperatureWavelet
Processing, in climate andresearch. Seasonal
Applications (ift fluctuations in the
sayfalarda)
magnitude of solar energy reaching certain places can generate a sinusoidal temperature variation
magnitude
function with of solar energy reaching certain places can generate a sinusoidal temperature variation
a period of one year. In case of obtaining optimum annual sinusoidal function from the
function with a period of one year. In case of obtaining optimum annual
60-year data set of temperature, first harmonics derived from the Fourier expansion of temperature sinusoidal function from the
60-year data set of temperature, first harmonics derived from the Fourier expansion of temperature
ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
investigated for peak to peak variation for the period. The moments
investigated for peak to peak variation for the period. The moments corresponding to the peak points
corresponding to the peak points
indicate the time when the maximum and the minimum
VARIATION temperature occur. Herewith, these peak to peak
(TV) temperature
REGULARIZATION
indicate the
values showed time thewhen the maximum
maximum and the
difference minimum
variation in temperature, or occur. Herewith,
in other words,these peak to range.
temperature peak
values showed the maximum difference variation in temperature, or in other words, temperature range.
Furthermore,
Nitendra KUMAR, by using the first harmonics the phase of the temperature variation can be found for every
Furthermore, the first TRIPATHI
by usingPadmesh harmonics theand AbulofHasan
phase SIDDIQI variation can be found for every
the temperature
last twelve months. Thus, phase of the temperature for the last twelve months can be compared to the
last twelve
phase months.
of the Thus, phase
temperature of the
for the nexttemperature
twelve for thesolast
months, twelve
and somonths
onTechnology, can be
forth. This compared
analysis to the a
produces
Department
phase of the of Applied Sciences,
temperature School
for the next of Engineering
twelve months, so and on and so forth. Sharda University,
This analysis Greater
produces a
function
Noida, of the
Delhi variation
(NCR) India of- the phases of individual years called as phase shift. Hereby, phase shifts of
201306
function of the variation of the phases of individual years called as phase shift. Hereby, phase shifts of
the other
E-mail: years can be found according to the phase of the chosen twelve months. Phase shifts relative
the other nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
years can be found according topadmesh01@rediffmail.com,
the phase of the chosen twelve siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
months. Phase shifts relative
to a reference phase can designate crucial changes in the climate. The variation in the peak to peak
tovalues
a reference
of the average values of temperature generates an oscillation in the signalinforthe
phase can designate crucial changes in the climate. The variation thepeak to peak
investigation
Abstract
values of the average values of temperature generates an oscillation in the signal for the investigation
period. This analysis was conducted for all stations to find any local climatic changes belonging to
period. This analysis was conducted for all stations to find any local climatic changes belonging to
individual stations. For(EEG)
Electroencephalogram manysignal
stations
is theand for the of
recording Turkey as an average,
spontaneous electrical itactivity
was observed
of the brainthatover
the
individual stations. For to many stations andinfor the mainly
Turkey owing as an to
average, it was observed that the
atemperature
small interval range start
of time. increase
Signals aremainly
produced 1990s
by bombardment higher within
of neurons summer thetime temperatures.
brains which are
temperature range start to increase mainly in 1990s mainly owing to higher summer time temperatures.
Meantime,and
measured it is interesting
evaluated to find decreasing
by EEG.EEG signals are amplitude
low voltage in the oscillation
signals that areof the peak toby
contaminated peak first
various
Meantime, it is interesting to find decreasing amplitude in the oscillation of the peak to peak first
harmonic
types temperature
of noises that arevalues. Otheras
also called analysis of the
artifacts. As Fourier transform
these signals are producing the firstvarious
used to diagnose harmonic typesphase
of
harmonic
shift show temperature values. Other analysis of the Fourier transform producing the first harmonic phase
brain relatedthat phaseitisbecomes
diseases generally shifting to
necessary towards earlier
make these dates free
signals suggesting
from noisethatfor
theproper
high temperatures
analysis and
shift show that phase is generally shifting towards earlier dates suggesting that the high temperatures
start to come
detection of the earlier in theThis
diseases. yearpaper,
with respect
describes to aareference
combine date. wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
start to come earlier in the year with respect to a reference date.
(TV) regularization (WATV) denoising method that is relatively free of artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
oscillations and noise spikes) normally introduced by simple wavelet thresholding. The method is
formulated as an optimization
Acknowledgement: This work has problem incorporating
been supported by theboth waveletand
Scientific sparsity and TV regularization.
Technological Research Council To
Acknowledgement:
strongly This work has been supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council
of Turkeyinduce
(TUBITAK)wavelet sparsity,
under Grantthe106Y258.
approach uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.
of Turkey (TUBITAK) under Grant 106Y258.

Key Words: Phase shifts, temperature range, first harmonics.


Keywords:
Key Words: Electroencephalogram (EEG),
Phase shifts, temperature Wavelet
range, Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
first harmonics.

- 34 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

DENOISING OF 3D MEDICAL IMAGING USING SPARSE DECOMPOSITION

Erdoan ALDEMIR1, Glay TOHUMOGLU2


1
The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Eng., Dokuz
Eyll University, 35160 Buca, zmir, Turkey
2
Faculty of Engineering, Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Eng., Dokuz Eyll University, 35160 Buca,
zmir, Turkey

Abstract

Throughout the past decades, sparse decomposition has been used in many areas, including solving
inverse problem, image compression, data denoising, and compressed sensing etc. Noise is an
unavoidable phenomenon in data acquisition systems. Therefore, data denoising is very important in the
field of medical data processing. There are many different types of noise in medical images such as
photon, electronic, and quantization noise which generally deteriorate medical image quality.
Impairments due to the noise may cause misdiagnosing. Particularly, in medical data processing, the
image denoising is crucial to eliminate misdiagnosed cases. Wavelet sparse decomposition approach
which is used to reconstruct the original image by linearly combining concise subset of the bases can be
used for denoising medical data.

In this study, a denoising method based on wavelet sparse representation is applied to three Dimensional-
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (3D-MRI) images for noise elimination. The problem of denoising of
medical data has been reconstructed as an optimization problem. In the algorithm, the first step is that:
the cost function has been represented by wavelet sparse decomposition using proper wavelet basis
functions and minimized in terms of subset of the decomposition coefficients. In the decomposition,
orthogonal and nonorthogonal wavelet types such as different wavelets, curvelets and bandelets basis
are used for better approximation based on the noise types. In the second step, linear/nonlinear
approximation has been applied on the transform coefficients by thresholding to obtain denoised image.
In the last step, the approximated coefficients are exposed to inverse transform. In application, the
algorithm has been experienced on various 3D-MRI images. Having sliced the accurate 3D MRI image,
the procedure is applied on each slice. The performance evaluation of the algorithm has been carried out
by quantitative and qualitative criteria. Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR), Normalized Mean Square
Error (NMSE) are the figures of merit of the proposed method.

Keywords: Wavelet sparse representation; 3D-MRI; Denoising

- 35 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016,
IWW2016,
8th 22-24
22-24 September,
September,
International Istanbul,
Istanbul,
Conference Turkey
Turkey
on Image tek tek sayfalarda
sayfalarda
Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th 8th International
International 8th.on
Conference
Conference International
on Image
Image Conference
Processing,
Processing, On and
Image
Wavelet
Wavelet and Processing,
Applications
Applications Wavelet
(ift
(ift and Applications
sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)

THE GENERALIZATION OF N DIMENSIONAL MATRIX PROBLEMS WITH 4-


THE
THE GENERALIZATION
GENERALIZATION OFOF N DIMENSIONAL
N DIMENSIONAL
WAYS 2-DIMENSIONAL MATRIX
MATRIX
FINITE STATE PROBLEMS
PROBLEMS
AUTOMATON WITH
WITH 4- 4-
WAYS
WAYS 2-DIMENSIONAL
2-DIMENSIONAL FINITE
FINITE STATE
STATE AUTOMATON
AUTOMATON
Zeynep ALTAN
ZeynepZeynep ALTAN ALTAN
Beykent University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Software Engineering,
Beykent
Beykent
Istanbul, University,
University,
Turkey FacultyFaculty of Engineering
of Engineering andand Architecture,
Architecture, Department
Department of Software
of Software Engineering,
Engineering,
Istanbul,
Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey
zeynepaltan@beykent.edu.tr
zeynepaltan@beykent.edu.tr
zeynepaltan@beykent.edu.tr
Abstract
Abstract
Abstract
Although the automata theory is one of the oldest disciplines of the computer science, this discipline is
Although
Although
still the the
convenience automata
automata in theory theory
abstract is one
is solution
one of the ofofthe
oldest
manyoldest disciplines
disciplines
problem of the
of the
domains. computer
computer
The science,
science,
proper thisthis
problems discipline
discipline
may eitheris be is
still convenience
stillsymbolized
convenience with in abstract
in abstract
one-way solution
solution
abstract of of many
many
machine problem
problem
as the domains.
domains.
classical TheThe proper
specification proper theproblems
ofproblems maymay
computation either either
be be
theory or
symbolized
symbolized
be described withwith
with one-way
one-way two-ways abstract
abstract in machine
as machine theTurkey as the
analysis as the classical
classical specification
specification of the
of differences
the computation
computation theory theory
or or
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, tekofsayfalarda
special cases. These in solutions dont
be described
be described
change thewith with
computability two-ways
two-ways as the
of as the
in in
solvedthe analysis
analysisproblem. ofIfspecial
of special cases.cases.
a deterministic These These differences
differences
abstract machine inhassolutions
in solutions beendont dont
used to
8th International
change the the Conference
computability of the on Image
solved Processing,
problem. Wavelet
Ifdeterministic and Applications
a deterministic abstract (ift has
machine sayfalarda)
changespecify computability
problem, we of generate
the solved theproblem.
finite stateIf aautomaton withabstract
n states. machine
But we canhas been been
solve used
theused
to
same to
problem
specify
specify the the problem,
problem,
with we we generate
generate
an undeterministic the the
finite
finite finite
statestate
automaton automaton
automaton
denoting it with
with 2nn states.
n states. ButBut
states. we wecancan
Two-dimensionalsolve solve the
the automata
same same
problem
problem withwith
applications anhavean undeterministic
undeterministic
realized in finite the finite
end ofautomaton
automaton 60s with denoting
denotingpattern it with
it with
recognition 2n states.
2n states. problems.Two-dimensional
Two-dimensional
Here, the automata automata
vertical and
applications
applications
horizontal ARTIFACT-FREE
have have realized
realized
movements in any
of in the
the COMBINE
end end
pattern of 60s of
have 60s
with WAVELET-DOMAIN
with
been patternpattern
followed recognition
recognition
searching problems.
the SPARSITY
problems.
actionsHere, Here,
on a AND
the the
verticalTOTAL
vertical
two-dimensional andand
horizontal
horizontal
tape. Wumpus, movements
movements as of of any
any
a classical patternpattern
VARIATION
have
artificial havebeen been followed
(TV)
followed
intelligence searching
REGULARIZATION
searching
problem was theone the actions
actions
of the aontwo-dimensional
on first a computer
two-dimensional games
tape. tape. Wumpus,
Wumpus,
performing as aasclassical
knowledge a classical
representation artificial
artificial and intelligence
intelligence
reasoning. problem
problem
The waswas
learning one one of
of the
activity was the
firstfirst computer
computer
implemented ingamesgames
terms of
performing
performing
Nitendra knowledge
knowledge
KUMAR,
knowledge-based representation
representation
Padmesh
specifications TRIPATHI
and and and
inference reasoning.
reasoning.
and rules
Abul The The
Hasan
by learning
learning
a robot aactivity
activity
SIDDIQI
on 44was was implemented
implemented
matrix. in terms
in terms of of
knowledge-based
knowledge-based specifications
specifications andand inference
inference rules rules
by abyrobot a roboton aon44 a 44 matrix.
matrix.
Department of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
In this study,
Noida, a four-ways
Delhi (NCR) India -two-dimensional
201306 finite state automaton has been designed. It implements all
In this
In this study,
possible study, a four-ways
a four-ways
movements reachtwo-dimensional
totwo-dimensional for finite
finite thestate
the targetpadmesh01@rediffmail.com, state automaton
automaton
solution of anyhas has
been
artificial been designed.
designed.
intelligence It implements
It implements
problem, all
all the
and
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
possible
possible
problem movements
movements
has been to to reach
reach
defined ontheathetarget
squaretarget for for
the the
matrix solution
solution
with of any
n dimension.of any artificial
artificial
The intelligence
intelligence
result inproblem,
we obtainproblem, andand
this study the the
is also
problem
problem
an has has
been
alternative been defined
defined
solution onthe
to aonsquare
a square
Wumpus matrix matrixwithwith
Problem anmulti-ways
dimension.
nasdimension. The
Thefinite
resultresult we obtain
we automaton.
state obtain inIfthis
in this thisstudy
study is also
is also
conceptual
Abstract
an alternative
an alternative
analysis defined solution
solution to theto the
independently Wumpus Wumpus Problem
from Problem as aas
a specific aproblem
multi-ways
multi-ways finite
finite statestate
is carried outautomaton.
automaton.
togetherIf this If this
with theconceptual
conceptualproblem
analysis
analysis
constraints, defined
defined
Electroencephalogram independently
thisindependently
process from
wouldsignal
(EEG) from
simplify atospecific
ais specific
the problem
elaborate
recording problem is carried
is carried
thespontaneous
of solution. The out out
general
electrical together
together withwith
solution
activity thethe
the problem
ofalgorithm
brain problem
of the
over
constraints,
constraints,
aour problem
small thisthis
intervalhasof process
processbeen would
time. would
specified
Signals simplify
simplify
at
areany producedto elaborate
to cell
elaborate
of by the the
thebombardment
matrix solution.
solution.
that the The The
ofagent
neuronsgeneral
general looks solution
solution
only
within the thealgorithm
toalgorithm
brains left of of
orthe
which the
toare
our
ourmeasured
right;problem
problem the has has
agent
and been been
can
evaluated specified
specified
also bymove at any
EEG.EEG at
fromany cell
cellsignals
of the
one of are
the
matrix
location matrix
low tothat that
the the
another
voltage at agent
agent
signalsthelooks looks
same
that only
are only to the
to the
direction,
contaminated left
leftthe
by or
byto or to the
the
rotations
various
right;right;
theof
clockwise
types the
agentagent
90 can
noises orthatcan
also
counter also
are move move
clockwise
also from
called from one
90
as and one bylocation
location
artifacts. theAs to to another
another
rotations
these at to
180
signals atare
the the
thesame same to direction,
direction,
inverse
used direction.
diagnose by
the the
by various
Each rotations
rotations
movement
types of
clockwise
clockwise
has
brain been
related 90diseases
90defined
or or counter
counter withclockwiseclockwise
itabecomes
unary finite 90 90state
and
necessary and by
by the the
automaton
to make rotations
rotations 180
and
these 180
the
signals tofree
to union
the the
inverse
ofinverse
from direction.
thedirection.
automata
noise Each
for proper Each
gave movement
movement
the
analysis solution
and
has
hasdetection
been
set been
with defined
defined
all thewith with
ofprobabilities.a unary
diseases. a unary
The
This finitefinite
problem
paper, state
statedescribes automaton
automaton
constraints and and
werethe
a combine the
union
ignored unionofour
in
wavelet-domain of the
the study. automata
automata
sparsitygave gave
and the the solution
totalsolution
variation
set with
set (TV)
with all all probabilities.
probabilities.
regularization The
(WATV)Theproblemproblem constraints
constraints
denoising method were were ignored
ignored
that in our
in our
is relatively study.study.
free of artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
Briefly, we started
oscillations and noise to design
spikes) thenormally
general automatonintroducedfor bythe solution
simple of anythresholding.
wavelet related problem Thedomain
methodwith is
Briefly,
Briefly,
the we we
enlargement
formulated started
started
as antoto to
thedesign
design the the
different
optimization general
generalautomaton
problem automaton
automaton for for
sketches
incorporating theatthe
botheach solution
solution of any
side,
wavelet of
and any related
related
then
sparsity problem
weproblem
and obtained
TV domain
domain
four
regularization. withwith
different
To
the
the stronglyenlargement
enlargement
automata including
induce to the
to wavelet
the different
different
common sparsity, automaton
automaton
transition
the approach sketches
sketches
functions. at each
usesatparameterized
each side,side, and
thenthen
andnon-convex we we obtained
obtained
penalty four four different
different
functions.
automata
automata including
including commoncommon transition
transition functions.
functions.
Key Words: Computation theory, formal languages and automata, two-dimensional finite state
Key Words:
KeyKeywords:
Words:
automata. Computation
Computation theory,
Electroencephalogram
theory, formal
(EEG),
formal languages
Wavelet
languages andand
Transform, automata, two-dimensional
Total Variation,
automata, finite
Regularization
two-dimensional finite state
state
automata.
automata.

- 36 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International
IWW Conference
2016, 22 - 24 on Istanbul,
September, Image Processing,
Turkey Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

ANALYSES OF WIND ENERGY POTENTIAL AND EFFICIENCY

Zafer ASLAN1,4, Uur ENER2.4, Abdelfettah BARHDADI.3,4

1, 4
Istanbul Aydn University, Computer Engineering Department, 34295, Istanbul, Turkey,
zaferaslan@aydin.edu.tr
2,4
Aydn University, Department of Business Management, 34295, Istanbul, Turkey,
usener@aydin.edu.tr
3, 4
Ecole Normale Suprieure, University Mohammed V, Rabat-10000, Morocco, barhdadi@ictp.it
4
Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy,
E-mail:zaferaslan@aydin.edu.tr, zaferaslan@ictp.it
Abstract

This paper is related with analyses of small, meso and large scale factors and their roles on wind energy
potential and energy efficiency by using wavelet techniques. Hourly and daily wind speed data are
considered to define daily, monthly and seasonal variations of wind speed and wind energy variations.
The presentation of wind data makes use of the Weibull Distribution Function as a tool to represent the
frequency distribution of wind speed. Weibull shape and scale parameters and their monthly seasonal
variations have been presented in this paper. At high wind speeds, the wind profile over flat and
reasonably homogeneous terrain is well modeled by using the logarithmic law (power law). Wind speed
data are extrapolated up to 30, 50 and 100 m above mgl by using the power law. Some results on ANN
model analyses and Wavelet applications on hourly and daily data recorded at two selected areas in
Morocco (Rabat) and Turkey (Istanbul) have been compared in the paper. Net present value and return
on investment analyses have been considered to select ideal wind turbine types. As a conclusion role of
geographic factors on available wind energy potential and energy efficiency for different type of turbines
have been discussed.

Keywords: Wind Energy Potential, ANN, Wavelet, Wind Energy Efficiency.

- 37 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th. International
8th International Conference ConferenceWavelet
on Image Processing, On Image
and Processing,
ApplicationsWavelet and Applications
(ift sayfalarda)

DETERMINATION OF THE SOURCES AND SCAVENGING COEFFICIENTS OF


ATMOSPHERIC PARTICLES

Mir BAHAUDDIN1, Blent Oktay AKKOYUNLU2, Hseyin ZDEMR3


1
Marmara University, Environmental Engineering Department, Gztepe campus, Kadiky, Istanbul,
Turkey
2
Marmara University, Physics Department, Gztepe campus, Kadiky, Istanbul, Turkey
3
Baheehir University, Civil Engineering Department, Beikta, Istanbul, Turkey
Presenters e-mail address: mirbahauddin@gmail.com

Abstract

The atmospheric particles are known to be efficiently scavenged by below cloud wet deposition. To
study this process in Istanbul, we collected sequential wet deposition samples for the period September
2015 to February 2016. Particulate matter samples (PM2.5) were also collected. The volume weighted
mean pH (VWM-pH) value for the rain water samples were observed to be 7.09. The concentration of
the elements; sodium (Na), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), aluminum (Al), copper (Cu),
manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) were analyzed with Inductively Coupled Plasma- Optical Emissions
Spectrometer (ICP-OES) for both rain and aerosols samples. Ca and Na showed the highest
concentrations 4.62ppm and 3.92 in rainwater and Fe showed the highest concentration of 0.35ppm for
PM2.5 samples. The scavenging ratios and scavenging coefficients were calculated to observe the
scavenging properties of the individual elements. The scavenging ratios and scavenging coefficients
were calculated for each rain event separately. It was observed that the elements showed variation in
scavenging properties for each rain event.

Keywords: Wet deposition, Rainwater, Enrichment Factor, Scavenging Ratio, Scavenging Coefficient,
Particulate Matter

- 38 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

IWW2016,
IWW2016,22-2422-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytekteksayfalarda
sayfalarda
IWW
8th ARTIFACT-FREE
2016, 22 -Conference
8thInternational
International 24 September,
Conference
COMBINE
Istanbul,
ononImage WAVELET-DOMAIN
Turkey
ImageProcessing,
Processing, Wavelet
Waveletand
SPARSITY
andApplications
Applications(ift
AND TOTAL
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION

Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
INVESTIGATING
INVESTIGATINGSTATIONARY
STATIONARYWAVES
WAVESUSING
USING3D
3DTEM
TEMEQUATIONS
EQUATIONS
Department of Applied 1 1
Sciences, School2 of Engineering 1and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
Deniz
DenizDemirhan
Noida, Demirhan BARI
Delhi (NCR) BARI , Axel
India, Axel GABRIEL, 2Sema
GABRIEL
- 201306 , SemaTOPUTOPU, 1,
1 E-mail:
1 nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
Istanbul
IstanbulTechnical
TechnicalUniversity,
University,Department
DepartmentofofMeteorological
MeteorologicalEngineering,
Engineering,Istanbul,
Istanbul,34469,
34469,Turkey
Turkey
2 2
Leibniz-Institute
Leibniz-Institutefor
forAtmosperhic
AtmosperhicPhysics
Physicse.V.
e.V.atatthe
theUniversity
UniversityRostock,
Rostock,Khlungsborn,
Khlungsborn,Germany
Germany
Abstract

Electroencephalogram
Abstract
Abstract (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
measured
Mean and evaluated
Meanatmospheric
atmospheric by EEG.EEG
transport
transport isisstudied
studiedsignals
usingare
using low voltage
wave-driven
wave-driven signals that are contaminated
three-dimensional
three-dimensional (3D) by various
(3D)Brewer-Dobson
Brewer-Dobson
types of noises
circulation
circulation (BDC)
(BDC) that are alsototo
approach
approach called as artifacts.
understand
understand the As asymmetries
thezonal
zonal these signalsinare
asymmetries intheused
the to diagnose
atmospheric
atmospheric various for
circulation
circulation types
fortheof
the
brain
time related
timeperiod
period diseases it and
2001-2006,
2001-2006, becomes necessary
andtotogive
give to make
a acomplete
complete theseofsignals
picture
picture ofmean
mean free from 3D
January
January noise
3DBDCfor proper
BDC and analysis
andeddy
eddy mixing and
mixing
detection
activity. of the diseases.
activity.Transformed
Transformed This Mean
Eulerian
Eulerian paper, describes
Mean(TEM) a combine wavelet-domain
(TEM)formulations
formulations areareapplied
appliedtotothe sparsity
theresultsand
results total
ofofthe variation
thegeneral
general
(TV) regularization
circulation
circulation and
andchemistry (WATV)
chemistry model denoising
modelHAMMONIA.
HAMMONIA. method that
AtAt60N,
60N,isresidual
relatively
residualwind freecomponents
wind of artifactsand
components (pseudo-Gibbs
andeddy
eddyheatheat
oscillations
fluxes showa and
fluxesshow noise spikes)
aprominent
prominent zonal normally mainly
zonalasymmetry
asymmetry introduced by simple
mainlyininrelation
relation wavelet
totoa awave-1 thresholding.
wave-1structure.
structure.The The
Therecent method
recentfindings
findings is
formulated
indicate
indicatethatthatas an optimization
general
general circulation
circulationproblem
and incorporating both
andchemistry-climate
chemistry-climate wavelet
models
models sparsity
could
could and TV and
bebeverified
verified regularization.
adjustedbyTo
andadjusted by
strongly
examining
examining induce
the wavelet
thezonal
zonal sparsity,inthe
asymmetries
asymmetries approach
inmean
mean 3D uses parameterized
3Dresidual
residual circulation. non-convex penalty functions.
circulation.

Keywords:
Key
KeyWords: Electroencephalogram
Words:Zonal
Zonalasymmetry; (EEG),
asymmetry;Brewer
Brewer Wavelet
Dobson
Dobson Transform,
Circulation;
Circulation;TEMTotal
TEM Variation, Regularization
equations
equations

- 39 -
IWW2016,22-24
IWW2016, 22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8thInternational
8th 8th. International
InternationalConference
Conference ononImage Conference
ImageProcessing,
Processing, On Image
Wavelet
Wavelet Processing,
andApplications
and Wavelet
Applications(ift and Applications
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)

INVESTIGATIONOF
INVESTIGATION OFANTIFUNGAL
ANTIFUNGALACTIVITY
ACTIVITYOF
OFCARVACROL
CARVACROLAND
AND
CARVACROLLOADED
CARVACROL LOADEDCHITOSAN
CHITOSANMICROCAPSULES
MICROCAPSULESAGAINST
AGAINSTFOOD
FOODBORNE
BORNE
ASPERGILLUSSP.
ASPERGILLUS SP.IN
INDIFFERENT
DIFFERENTENVIROMENTAL
ENVIROMENTALCONDITIONS
CONDITIONS

1 1
Buse BERBER
BuseBERBER SESAL2 2
, CenkSESAL
, Cenk

1 1
NanomikNanobiotechnology
Nanomik NanobiotechnologyLtd.
Ltd.Co.,
Co.,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey
2 2
MarmaraUniversity,
Marmara University,Science
Science&&Art
ArtFaculty,
Faculty,Biology
BiologyDepartment,
Department,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey
E-mail:buseberber@nanomik-tech.com
E-mail: buseberber@nanomik-tech.com

Abstract
Abstract
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
Lotsofofplants
Lots plantsininrich
richTurkey
Turkeyplant
plantflora
floracollect
collectfor
forusing
usingmedical
medicalandandother
otherproperties.
properties.Especially
Especiallythyme
thyme
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
from Lamiaceaefamily
fromLamiaceae familyhave
haveananimportant
importantplace.
place.Carvacrol
Carvacrolisisthe
themajor
majorcomponent
componentofofthyme thymeoiloiland
and
hasantibacterial
has antibacterialand andantifungal
antifungalactivities
activitiesagainst
againstcertain
certainmicroorganism
microorganismspecies. species.Although
Althoughitsits
antimicrobialactivities,
antimicrobial activities,because
becauseofofsensitivity
sensitivityagainst
againstoxidation
oxidationandandheat,
heat,carvacrol
carvacrolusage
usageisisvery
veryrare
rareinin
industry.ARTIFACT-FREE
industry. MicroencapsulationisCOMBINE
Microencapsulation isthe systemWAVELET-DOMAIN
thesystem thatuse
that usefor
forprotect SPARSITY
protectmaterials
materials againstAND
against TOTAL
environmental
environmental
conditions.Chitosan,
conditions. Chitosan,obtained VARIATION
obtainedfrom
from shrimpshells
shrimp (TV)
shells REGULARIZATION
bybydeacetylation
deacetylation ofofchitin,
chitin,isisananorganic
organicpolymer
polymerthat
that
cancanmask
maskaroma
aromaand andsensitivity
sensitivityofofphytochemicals.
phytochemicals.
Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
InInourourstudy,
study,microencapsulation
microencapsulationwith withchitosan
chitosanofofcarvacrol
carvacrolwas wasperformed.
performed.Microencapsulated
Microencapsulated
carvacrolsantifungal
carvacrols
Department antifungal
of Applied activity
activity tested
tested
Sciences, againstof
against
School food
food borne
Engineering Aspergillus
borneAspergillus sp.
sp.
and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
Noida, Delhi (NCR)
Encapsulation
Encapsulation India - 201306
ofofcarvacrol
carvacrol withchitosan
with chitosanwas wasperformed
performedwith withionotropic
ionotropicgelation
gelationmethodmethodand and
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
morphological
morphological characterizationsofofproduced
characterizations padmesh01@rediffmail.com,
produced microcapsuleswere
microcapsules weremade. siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
made. Microcapsulesand
Microcapsules andcarvacrol
carvacrol
o o
wereinvestigated
were investigatedatat180180CCfor forhalf
halfhour.
hour.Microcapsules
Microcapsulesand andcarvacrol,
carvacrol,heated
heatedatat180180 C
Cfor
forhalf
halfananhour
hour
Abstract
andsample
and samplewaswastaken
takenevery
every1010minutes.
minutes.Antifungal
Antifungalactivity
activityofofsamples
sampleswas wastested
testedononsolid
solidand
andliquid
liquid
medium.Microplates
medium. Microplatesand andpetri
petriplates
platesincubated
incubatedatatroomroomtemperature
temperaturefor for4-20
4-20days
daysandandresults
resultswere
were
Electroencephalogram
evaluated. (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
evaluated.
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
Inmeasured
Inour
ourstudy,andthe
study, evaluated
the sizesofof
sizes by EEG.EEG
carvaccrol
carvaccrol signals
loaded
loaded are low voltage
microcapsules
microcapsules signals
84.53
84.53 nm,
nm, that are
zeta
zeta contaminated
potential
potential by
value52.2
value 52.2various
mV,
mV,
electrophoretic
types
electrophoretic mobility
of noisesmobility
that values
are values
also were
called
were found
asfound 4.11,
artifacts.
4.11,As respectively.
these signals
respectively. The
The MICvalue
areMIC
used value
to ofofunheated
diagnose unheated
various carvacrol
types of
carvacrol
brain
was related
wasfound
found diseases
1,000
1,000 ppmatitatthe
ppm becomesendofnecessary
theend of2020days towhile
make
dayswhile these signals
unheated
unheated free from noise
microencapsulated
microencapsulated for proper analysis
carvacrols
carvacrols MICvalue
MIC and
value
detection
wasfound
was of500
found500 the
ppm.diseases.
ppm. InInthe This paper,
themeantime
meantime describes a combine
non-encapsulated
non-encapsulated wavelet-domain
carvacrol
carvacrol sampleshave
samples sparsity
have and
rapidlylost
rapidly total
losttheir variation
theiractivity,
activity,
microencapsulated
(TV) regularization
microencapsulated samples
samples(WATV)
waswaskept
kept theiractivity.
denoising
their activity.
methodAsAsa aresult
that result miroencapsulated
is relatively carvacrol(pseudo-Gibbs
free of carvacrol
miroencapsulated artifacts withchitosan
with chitosan
oscillations
waskept
was kepttheirandantifungal
their noise spikes)
antifungal normally
activity
activity highly
highly introduced
andcombination
and by simpleofof
combination wavelet thresholding.was
carvacrol/chitosan
carvacrol/chitosan Thecreating
was method aisa
creating
formulated
synergistic as
synergisticeffect an optimization
effect whichobserved.
which problem
observed. incorporating
Because
Because ofofitsitsboth wavelet
volatility
volatility ofofsparsity andhas
carvacrol
carvacrol TV regularization.
haslimited
limiteduse usebutTo
but
strongly induce wavelet
microencapsulated
microencapsulated carvacrolsparsity,
carvacrol gainsthe
gains usableapproach
usable form uses
formfor parameterized
fordifferent
different non-convex
industries
industries (Drug,Food,
(Drug, penalty
Food, functions.
Cosmetic)
Cosmetic)

Keywords:
KeyWords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words:Chitosan,
Chitosan,carvacrol, (EEG), Wavelet
carvacrol,anti-fungal
anti-fungal Transform,
activity,
activity, Total Variation, Regularization
microencapsulation
microencapsulation

- 40 -
IWW2016,22-24
IWW2016, 22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8thInternational
IWW
8th International Conference
2016, 22 -Conference
24 onImage
September,
on ImageProcessing,
Processing,
Istanbul, Waveletand
Turkey Wavelet andApplications
Applications(ift
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)

INVESTIGATIONOF
INVESTIGATION OFANTI-MUTAGENIC
ANTI-MUTAGENICACTIVITY
ACTIVITYOF
OFCHITOSAN
CHITOSANON
ON
QUERCETIN BY BACTERIAL REVERSE MUTATION (AMES) TEST
QUERCETIN BY BACTERIAL REVERSE MUTATION (AMES) TEST

BERBER1,1,Cenk
BuseBERBER
Buse SESAL2 2
CenkSESAL

1
1 NanomikNanobiotechnology
Nanomik NanobiotechnologyLtd.
Ltd.Co.,
Co.,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey
2
2 Marmara
IWW2016,
Marmara University, Science
22-24 September,
University, & Art Faculty,
Istanbul,
Science & Turkey
Art Faculty, Biology Department,Istanbul,
tek sayfalarda
Biology Department, Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey
8th International Conference on Image
E-mail:buseberber@nanomik-tech.com
buseberber@nanomik-tech.com Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
E-mail:

Abstract
Abstract
ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
Mutagenicproducts
productsininthe theenvironment
environmentincrease increasewith withtechnological
technologicaldevelopments
developmentsand andincreased
increasedwastewaste
Mutagenic VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
amounts.Various
amounts. Variousanti-mutagenic
anti-mutagenic productscan
products canbebeused
usedtoto decreasethe
decrease theinteraction
interactionofofmutagenic
mutagenicmaterials
materials
withthe
with the environmentand andorganisms.
organisms.However, However,new newanti-mutagenic productsare
anti-mutagenicproducts areneeded
neededdue duetotolow low
Nitendraenvironment
activity KUMAR,
against expenseofofTRIPATHI
Padmesh
highexpense thecurrent
currentones. and Abul
ones. HasanisSIDDIQI
Chitosan
activity against high the Chitosan is a apolymer
polymerthat thatisisobtained
obtainedby bydeacetylation
deacetylation
ofof chitinand
chitin
Department
andused
usedininhuman
of Applied
humanrelatedrelatedsectors
Sciences,
sectorsfor
School
for itsbeneficial
of its
beneficialeffects.
Engineering
effects.Although
Althoughthere
andchitosan,
Technology,
thereisismuch
Sharda
muchinformation
information
University, Greater
on
on antibacterial,
antibacterial, antioxidant
antioxidant andantifungal
and antifungal propertiesofof
properties chitosan, number
number ofofstudies
studies ononitsits anti-
anti-
Noida, Delhi
mutagenic (NCR) India
activities are - 201306
limited. In this study, a known mutagen quercetin was encapsulated with
mutagenic activities are limited. In thispadmesh01@rediffmail.com,
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, study, a known mutagen quercetin was encapsulated with
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
chitosan
chitosan totodecrease
decreaseitsitsmutagenicity,
mutagenicity,and andeffects
effectswerewereobserved
observedon onS.S.Typhimurium
TyphimuriumTA TA98 98and
andTA TA100 100
mutantstrains.
mutant strains.
Abstract
Encapsulation ofof quercetin
Encapsulation quercetin with with chitosan
chitosan was was performed
performed with with ionotropic
ionotropic gelation
gelation method
method and and
morphological
Electroencephalogram
morphological characterizations
(EEG) signal
characterizations ofof produced
isproduced
the recording microcapsules
of spontaneous
microcapsules wereelectrical
were made. Genetic
made. Genetic of
activity controls
the brain
controls S.S.
ofofover
Typhimurium
a small interval
Typhimurium TATA of9898 andSignals
time.
and TATA100 100 mutant
aremutant
produced strains werehandled
by bombardment
strains were handledofand
and theirmutagenities
neurons
their mutagenities
within the brainswere
were whichtested.
tested.are
Chitosan
measured
Chitosan asas
andcontrol,
evaluated
control, quercetin andchitosan
by EEG.EEG
quercetin and chitosan
signals encapsulated
are low voltage
encapsulated quercetin
signals
quercetin were
were that2000
are ppm,
2000 ppm,applied
appliedon
contaminated onsterile
by sterile
various
discs
discs and
typesand Amestest
of Ames
noises testwas
that was conducted.
areconducted.
also called as artifacts. As these signals are used to diagnose various types of
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these signals free from noise for proper analysis and
Consequently,
detection of the
Consequently, sizes
sizes ofofproduced
diseases.produced capsules
This paper,
capsules weremeasured
describes
were measured
a combine asaswavelet-domain
252.4nm
252.4 nmand andtheir
their zeta-potentials
sparsity asas52.4
and total variation
zeta-potentials 52.4
mV.
(TV)
mV. According totoAmes
regularization
According Ames tests,colonies
(WATV)
tests, colonies
denoising formed
formed methodaround
around that discs withquercetin
quercetin
is relatively
discs with ofwhereas
free whereasartifactsnocolonies
no colonieswere
(pseudo-Gibbs were
observed
oscillations
observed around
around discs
anddiscsnoise with
with chitosan
spikes)
chitosan encapsulated
normally
encapsulatedintroduced quercetin. Results
by simple
quercetin. Results indicate
wavelet
indicate thatchitosan
chitosanThe
thresholding.
that encapsulation
method is
encapsulation
blocks
blocks themutagenity
formulated
the mutagenity ofofquercetin.
as an optimization quercetin. ItItisisforeseen
problem foreseen thatwith
incorporating
that with
both further
wavelet
further mutagenity tests,TV
sparsitytests,
mutagenity and chitosan canbebeused
regularization.
chitosan can used
To
for
for mutagens
strongly
mutagens induce thatwavelet
that canharm
can harm humanthe
sparsity,
human and
and environmental
approach health.
uses parameterized
environmental health. non-convex penalty functions.

Key
Key Words:Chitosan,
Keywords:
Words: Chitosan,quercetin,
quercetin,anti-mutagenic
Electroencephalogram anti-mutagenic
(EEG), Waveletactivity, microencapsulation
Transform,
activity, Total Variation, Regularization
microencapsulation

- 41 -
IWW2016,22-24
IWW2016, 22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8thInternational 8th. International
InternationalConference
Conference ConferenceWavelet
On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications
8th ononImage
ImageProcessing,
Processing, andApplications
Wavelet and Applications (iftsayfalarda)
(ift sayfalarda)

THERMOSTABILITYOF
THERMOSTABILITY OFOLEUROPEIN
OLEUROPEINAND
ANDMICROENCAPSULATED
MICROENCAPSULATED
OLEUROPEINDETERMINED
OLEUROPEIN DETERMINEDBY
BYBIOLOGICAL
BIOLOGICALANTIOXIDANT
ANTIOXIDANTASSAY
ASSAY

BERBER
BuseBERBER 1 1, Cenk SESAL2 2
Buse , Cenk SESAL

11NanomikNanobiotechnology
NanobiotechnologyLtd.
Ltd.Co.,
Co.,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey
Nanomik
2 2MarmaraUniversity, Science & Art Faculty, Biology Department,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey
Marmara University, Science & Art Faculty, Biology Department,
E-mail:buseberber@nanomik-tech.com
E-mail: buseberber@nanomik-tech.com

Abstract
Abstract
Changinglifestyle
Changing lifestyleofofhumans
humansand andrequirement
requirementofoflonglongandandhealthy
healthylife
lifeincreased
increasedthe thedemand
demandfor for
beneficialfood,
beneficial food,thereby
therebydriving
drivingthetheformation
formationofoffunctional
functionalfoodfoodmarket.
market.Phytochemicals
Phytochemicalshave haveanan
importantplace
important placeininfunctional
functionalfood
foodproduction.
production.ItItwaswasobserved
observedthatthatwhen
whenput putdirectly
directlyinto
intofood,
food,
phytochemicals,especially
phytochemicals, especiallyantioxidants,
antioxidants,lower
lowerquality
qualityofofproduct,
product,getgetoxidized
oxidizedandanddont
dontpresent
presentthe the
desired
desired effect.
effect.
IWW2016, Toeliminate
To
22-24 eliminatesuch
September, such consequences
consequences
Istanbul, andsayfalarda
Turkey and
tek protectthe
protect thequality
qualityofofproduct
productand
andantioxidants,
antioxidants,useuse
ofof microencapsulationwas
microencapsulation
8th
wasdetected
International Conference
detectedininliterature.
literature.Due
on Image Processing,
Duetotoshort
short andlong
Waveletand
longterm
termeffects
and Applications
effectsononhuman
humanhealth
(ift sayfalarda)
healthofof
encapsulatingagents
encapsulating agentsused
usedininfood
foodindustry
industrynowadays,
nowadays,requirement
requirementofofresearch
researchononnatural
naturalandandharmless
harmless

coating materialsincreased.
increased.Chitosan,
Chitosan,obtained
obtainedfrom
fromshrimp
shrimpshells
shellsbybydeacetylation
deacetylationofofchitin,
chitin,isisanan
coating materials
organic polymer
organic polymer that
that can
can mask
mask aroma
aroma and and sensitivity
sensitivity ofof phytochemicals.
phytochemicals. Capable
Capable ofof forming
forming
ARTIFACT-FREE
microparticles
microparticles via chemical
via chemical and COMBINE
and mechanicalWAVELET-DOMAIN
mechanical interaction, chitosan,
interaction, SPARSITY
chitosan, isis reported ANDincreased
reported toto have
have TOTAL
increased
propertieswith
properties withdifferent
differentparticle VARIATION
particlesizes.
sizes. (TV) REGULARIZATION
InIn ourstudy,
our
Nitendra study,
KUMAR, microencapsulation
microencapsulation
Padmesh TRIPATHI withchitosan
with chitosan
and Abulofofoleuropein,
oleuropein,
Hasan SIDDIQIa aphytochemical
phytochemicalininolive olivewhich
whichhas has
antioxidantand
antioxidant andanticarcinogenic
anticarcinogeniceffects,
effects,was
wasperformed.
performed.Although
Althougholeuropein
oleuropeinhas hasstrong
strongeffects,
effects,due
duetoto
itit beinga apolyphenol
being
Department polyphenol
of Applied with
with thermalsensitivity,
thermal
Sciences, sensitivity,
School ititcannot
cannotbebeand
of Engineering used
used ininproduction
production
Technology, ofoffunctional
Sharda functional foods.
foods.
University, InIn
Greater
ordertotoovercome
order overcomethese theseproblems
problemsofofoleuropein,
oleuropein,ititshould
shouldbebegiven
giventotothe thefood
foodproducts
productsinina aprotective
protective
Noida, Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
system.Thus,
system. Thus,thetheantioxidant
antioxidantproperties
propertiesofofoleuropein
oleuropeinand andmicroencapsulated
microencapsulatedoleuropein
oleuropeinwith withchitosan
chitosan
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
o oC for half hour which generally used as cooking time. CUPRAC test was used
wereinvestigated
were investigatedatat180 180 C for half hour which generally used as cooking time. CUPRAC test was used
forinvestigation
for investigationofoftotaltotalantioxidant
antioxidantactivity.
activity.Trolox
Troloxwas wasused
usedasaspositive
positivecontrol.
control.
Abstract
As a result, microencapsulated oleuropeins particle size
As a result, microencapsulated oleuropeins particle size was measured as 374 was measured as 374nm,
nm,zetazetapotential
potential50,7
50,7
Electroencephalogram
mV andmicroencapsulation
microencapsulation (EEG)yield
signal is97,
the 78.
recording of spontaneous electrical activity oof
o the brain over
mV and yield %%97, Afterincubation
78. After incubation ofoffive
five minutes
minutes atat180
180 C,C,antioxidant
antioxidant
a small interval
properties of time. decreased
Signals arefrom
produced by bombardment of half
neuronshour within the brains which are
properties ofofoleuropein
oleuropein decreased from 3,7076to
3,7076 to3,304,
3,304,andandafter
after half ananhour toto1,4263
1,4263 TEAC
TEAC value.
value.
measured
Unlike and evaluated
oleuropein, by EEG.EEG signals
microencapsulated oleuropein are low voltage capability
antioxidant signals thatdidnt
are contaminated
changeduring
duringby half
various
an
Unlike oleuropein, microencapsulated oleuropein antioxidant capability didnt change half an
typesatof180
hour noises
o that are alsoofcalled as artifacts. As these signals are used toasdiagnose andvarious types of
hour at 180oC.C.TEACTEAC value
value microencapsulated
of microencapsulated oleuropein
oleuropein wasmeasured
was measured 4,308and
as 4,308 afterexposing
after exposing
brain related
halfananhour diseases
houratat 180o oC,ititbecomes
was4,324. necessary to make these signals free from noise for proper analysis and
4,324.
half 180 C, it was
detection of the diseases. This paper, describes a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
InIn
(TV)conclusion, wefound
regularization
conclusion, we found
(WATV)thatmicroencaptulation
that microencaptulation
denoising methodwith with chitosan
thatchitosan canprotect
is relatively
can protect oleuropeins
free ofoleuropeins antioxidant
artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
antioxidant
activity. Exposing 180o oC during half an hour is good for simulation of cooking, so microencapsulation
oscillations
activity. and noise
Exposing 180 Cspikes) normally
during half an hour introduced
is good for bysimulation
simple wavelet thresholding.
of cooking, The method is
so microencapsulation
can bebeananimportant
formulated
can important protectionproblem
as an optimization
protection systemfor
system forthermal
thermalsensitive
incorporating sensitive phytochemicals
both wavelet sparsity and
phytochemicals which canbebeused
TV regularization.
which can usedasas
To
functional foodadditives.
strongly induce
functional food additives.
wavelet sparsity, the approach uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.

Key Words:Food
Keywords:
Key Words: Foodmarket;
market;Simulation
Simulation
Electroencephalogram ofofcooking
(EEG), cooking
Wavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization

- 42 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016,
IWW2016,22-24 September,
22-24 Istanbul,
September, Turkey tek sayfalarda
Istanbul,
8th International
IWW Conference
2016, 22 - 24 September, ImageTurkey
onIstanbul, tek sayfalarda
Processing,
Turkey Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th 8th
International Conference
International on Image
Conference on Processing,
Image Wavelet
Processing, and and
Wavelet Applications (ift(ift
Applications sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)


ANALYSIS OF FILTERING AND QUANTIZATION PREPROCESSING STEPS IN
ANALYSIS OFOF
ANALYSIS FILTERING AND
FILTERING QUANTIZATION
AND
IMAGE PREPROCESSING
QUANTIZATION
SEGMENTATION STEPS
PREPROCESSING IN IN
STEPS
IMAGE SEGMENTATION
IMAGE SEGMENTATION
1 1
Seda AMALAN 1 1
, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Murat KOYUNCU 1
,
Seda1SedaAMALAN
AMALAN
Authors contact , Assoc.
, Assoc.
address: Prof. Dr. Dr.
Prof.
Information Murat MuratKOYUNCU
Systems KOYUNCU , 1,
Engineering, Atlm University, Ankara, Turkey
1 1
Authors
Authorscontactcontactaddress:
address: Information
Information Systems
Systems Engineering,
Engineering, AtlmAtlm University,
University, Ankara,
Ankara, Turkey Turkey
Presenters e-mail address: seda.camalan@atilim.edu.tr
Presenters
Presenters e-mail e-mailaddress:
address: seda.camalan@atilim.edu.tr
seda.camalan@atilim.edu.tr
Abstract
Abstract
Abstract
Humans want to access data, information or any type of multimedia quickly according to its contents.
HumansHumans wantwant
Content-based to access
to access
retrieval data,has information
data, information
a significant orrole
any
or for type
any of multimedia
type
accessing of multimedia
multimedia quicklyquickly according
documents. according to itstocontents.
Content its contents.
is described
Content-based
Content-based
as colors, shapes,retrieval
retrieval has has
textures,a significant
aaudio
significant roleany
and for semantic
role accessing
for accessing multimedia
multimedia
information documents.
documents.
obtained fromContentContent is described
multimedia is described
data. In
as colors,
as colors,
multimedia,shapes,shapes, textures,
semantic textures, audio
information audioandcan anybeany
and semantic
semantic
defined asinformation
information
information obtainedobtained
existing from
in frommultimedia
multimedia suchdata.
multimedia In In
as data.
objects,
multimedia,
multimedia,
events and semantic
semantic
relations. information
information
Content-based can can bemultimedia
defined
be defined as information
as information
systems provideexisting easyinaccess
existing multimedia
in multimedia
to demandedsuchsuch as multimedia.
objects,
as objects,
eventsImageandis
events relations.
and one relations.
of the Content-based
Content-based
important multimedia
multimediamultimedia datasystems systems
types provide
and provide
semanticeasyeasy access
content toextraction
access demanded
to demanded multimedia.
process multimedia.
should be
Image is one
Image
automated offor
is one the important
ofimages
the important
as well multimedia
multimedia
as datadata
other multimedia types and
types semantic
and
types. semantic
The main content content
steps extraction
ofextraction
semantic processprocess
content should be be
should
extraction
automated
automated
are image for images
for images
segmentation, as wellas wellas other
featureas othermultimedia
multimedia
extraction and types. types.TheThe
classification. mainmain steps
In steps of semantic
fact, of semantic
automation content content
of extraction
data extraction
extraction
are are
image
means imagesegmentation,
segmentation,
automation feature
of these featureextraction
steps. extraction
Success and ofandclassification.
classification.
classification In fact,
mostly In dependsautomation
fact, on theofsegmentation
automation data
of data extraction
extraction
of the
means meansautomation
images automation of these
and classification of these steps. Success
ofsteps.
objects inofthe
Success classification
ofsegmented
classification mostly
parts. mostly depends
Since the on
depends the
on segmentation
segmented the segmentation
parts of the of the
of the
image
imagesimagesand and
specify classification
objects or partsofofobjects
classification of objects
objects, in usage
the segmented
in the ofsegmented
a successfulparts. parts.Since Since
segmentationthe the segmented
segmented
algorithm parts of the
isparts
crucial. image
of the image
Although
specify
thereobjects
specify areobjects
someor partsor of objects,
parts
segmentation of objects, usage usage
algorithms, of aof successful
none a successful
of them segmentation
segmentation
provides algorithm
algorithm
segmentation is crucial.
atis acrucial. Although
desired Although
level to
therethere
are are
automate some some segmentation
content segmentation
extraction algorithms,
algorithms,
fully. Image none noneof them
segmentation of them providesprovides
splits segmentation
the segmentation
image at aatdesired
into smaller a parts
desired level to to
level
(segments)
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
automate
automate
such content
that content
each extraction
extraction
segment hasfully.
similarImage
fully. Image segmentation
features segmentation
such as splits
similar splitsthe image
the
colors image
or intointo
textures.smallersmaller partsparts (segments)
(segments)
such8th
such International
that eacheach
that segment Conference
segment has has
similar onfeatures
similar Image Processing,
featuressuchsuch as similar Wavelet
as similar colors and
or Applications
colors or textures. (ift sayfalarda)
textures.
In this work, the effects of preprocessing methods on image segmentation process are analyzed from
In this
In work,
this
different the the
work, effects
perspectives. effectsofFirstly,
preprocessing
of preprocessing
Peer Group methods
methods
Filtering on image
on image
(PGF), segmentation is oneprocess
segmentation
which process
of the are are analyzed
preprocessing analyzed from from
methods
different
used perspectives.
differentbefore image Firstly,
perspectives. PeerPeer
Firstly,
segmentation, GroupisGroup Filtering
applied on(PGF),
Filtering the(PGF), which
images which
andis one is one
its of the
effectof preprocessing
the preprocessing
on image methods
segmentationmethods is
ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
usedused before
analyzed.beforeimage
Theimage segmentation,
Peer segmentation,
Group is applied
Filtering isalgorithm
applied on the on images
the
is(TV)
used images and and
to eliminate its effect
its onand
effect
noises image
ontoimage segmentation
smooth segmentation
color changes is is
analyzed. TheThe Peer Group Filtering
VARIATION
algorithm is algorithm,
used
REGULARIZATION
to eliminate noises and andto smooth color changes
analyzed.
on images. Peer
Secondly, Group Filtering
Lloyds algorithm
quantization is used to which
eliminate noises
is another to smooth
preprocessing color
method changes
used
on images.
on images.
before Secondly,
image Secondly, Lloyds
segmentation, Lloyds quantization
is quantization
applied and algorithm,
algorithm,
itsAbul which
contribution which is on
another
is image
another preprocessing
preprocessing
segmentation method
is method usedused
investigated.
Nitendra
before image KUMAR,
segmentation, Padmesh is TRIPATHI
applied and and
its contribution Hasan onSIDDIQI
image segmentation is investigated.
before
Lloydsimage segmentation,
quantization algorithm is applied
reducesand theitsnumbercontribution of colors on image segmentation
in images. Finally,istwo investigated.
different
Lloyds
Lloyds quantization
segmentation quantization algorithm
algorithm reducesreduces the thenumber number of colors
of colors in images.
inalgorithm)
images. Finally,
Finally, two twodifferent
different
Department of algorithms
Applied Sciences, (fast scanning
School of algorithm
Engineeringand andJSEGTechnology, Sharda areUniversity,
compared using
Greater
segmentation
segmentation
preprocessed algorithms
algorithms
images. (fast(fast scanning
scanning algorithm
algorithm and and JSEG JSEG algorithm)
algorithm) are are compared
compared using using
Noida, Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
preprocessed
preprocessed images.images.
E-mail:
Natural nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
and synthetic images have beenpadmesh01@rediffmail.com, experimentally tested in thissiddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.comstudy. The study shows that PGF
Natural
Naturaland and
filtering synthetic
synthetic
preprocessing images hashave
images beenbeen
have
positive experimentally
effects experimentally
on segmentation. tested testedin this
in this
Both study.
thestudy.TheThe
noisy study
and study shows
filtered shows thatthat
noisy PGF PGF
images
Abstract
filtering
have preprocessing
filteringbeen preprocessing
tested with has different
positive
has positive effects
effects
density on segmentation.
on segmentation.
noises. The results Both Boththe the
obviously noisy and and
noisy
indicate filtered
filtered
that noisy
after images
noisy
the images
filtering
havehave beenbeen tested
preprocessing, with
tested withdifferent
segmentation different density
density
achievement noises.
noises.TheThe
increases results andobviously
results timeindicate
obviously
run the that
ofindicate afterafter
that
segmentation the thefiltering
filtering
decreases.
Electroencephalogram
preprocessing, (EEG) signal is theincreases
recording of and
spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
Additionally,segmentation
preprocessing, segmentation
Lloyds achievement
quantization achievement
algorithm increases
has been and runapplied
also timetime
run of the
on bothof thesegmentation
segmentation
synthetic decreases.
and natural decreases.
images
a small
Additionally, interval
Additionally, Lloyds of
Lloyds time. Signals
quantization
quantization are
algorithmproduced
algorithm has by
been
has bombardment
also
been applied
also appliedonof neurons
both
on within
synthetic
both synthetic and the brains
natural
and which
images
natural are
images
before the fast scanning segmentation. For the different sizes, same images have been tested in different
measured
before the
before fast
the and
fast evaluated
scanning
scanning by EEG.EEG
segmentation.
segmentation. For signals
the
For the are
different low
different voltage
sizes, same
sizes, signals
sameimages that
images have are contaminated
been
have tested
been in
tested bydifferent
various
different
in
quantization levels. All the experiments related with the quantization show that, low level quantization
types
quantization of noises
quantization levels. that
AllinAll
levels. are
the also called asrelated
experiments
thenumber
experiments artifacts.with
related Asthethese
with signals are
quantization
the quantization show used tothat,
that, diagnose
low low level various
quantization types of
is more successful less of colored images. Additionally, forshowmore colorful level
images, quantization
high level
brain
is more related
successful diseases it becomes necessary to make these signalsfor free forfrom noise for proper analysis and
is more
quantization is in
successful moreless number
in successful
less number ofthan
colored low images.
of colored levelimages. Additionally,
Additionally,
quantization. more colorful
more colorfulimages,images, high levellevel
high
detection
quantization
quantization ofmore
is the diseases.
is more successful This
successful than paper,
low low
than describes
level a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
quantization.
level quantization.
(TV) regularization
The results obviously indicate (WATV)that denoising
after Peermethod Group that Filteringis relatively
preprocessing, free ofsegmentation
artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
achievement
Theoscillations
results
The
increases obviously
results obviously
and run
while indicate
noise time ofthat
indicate
spikes) after
the thatnormallyPeerPeer
after
segmentation Group Group
introduced Filtering
decreases. Filtering
by On preprocessing,
simplethepreprocessing,
wavelet
other hand, segmentation
segmentation
thresholding.
the experiments achievement
Theachievement
method
related is
with
increases
increases
formulatedwhile
the quantization runanrun
while
as time of that,
time
optimization
show the
of segmentation
the segmentation
problem
selected decreases.
decreases.
incorporating
quantization Onboth
level the
On
is veryother
the other
wavelet hand, the experiments
hand,
sparsity
important the
toand experiments
get TV related with
related
regularization.
benefit from with
Lloyds To
the strongly
quantization
the quantization
quantization induce show show
wavelet
algorithm. that,that,
Ifselected
selected
sparsity,
correct quantization
the quantization
approach
quantization level
uses
level isis very
level is very
parameterized
selected, important
important to get
non-convex
then to get
quantization benefit
benefit
penalty from
helps fromLloyds
functions. Lloyds
segmentation
quantization
process. algorithm.
quantization algorithm. If correct
If correct quantization
quantization levellevel is selected,
is selected, thenthen quantization
quantization helps helpssegmentation
segmentation
process.
process.
Key Words: Image Segmentation, Preprocessing, PGF, Lloyds Quantization, Filtering, Image
KeyKeywords:
Words:
Key Words:
Quantization, Electroencephalogram
Image Image
Image Segmentation,
Segmentation,
Processing (EEG),
Preprocessing,Wavelet PGF,
Preprocessing, Transform,
PGF, Lloyds Total
Lloyds Variation,
Quantization,
Quantization, Regularization
Filtering,
Filtering, Image Image
Quantization,
Quantization, Image Image Processing
Processing

- 43 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey
8th. International tek sayfalarda
Conference On Image
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Processing,
ApplicationsWavelet and Applications
(ift sayfalarda)
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)


A NOVEL CONTENT-BASED STATISTICAL APPROACH FOR FACE
A NOVEL CONTENT-BASED STATISTICAL APPROACH FOR FACE
RECOGNITION
Taner EVK1, Nazife EVK2 RECOGNITION
Taner EVK1, Nazife EVK2
1
1
Fatih University, Istanbul 34500, Turkey
2 Fatih University, Istanbul 34500, Turkey
2
Istanbul Arel University, Istanbul 34537, Turkey
Istanbul Arel University, Istanbul 34537, Turkey
Abstract
Abstract
Face Recognition (FR) is effectively used especially for identifying suspicious people who can be
Face Recognition
dangerous for public(FR) is effectively
safety in a crowdedused especially for
environment. identifying
Texture suspicious
extraction people who
and classification can be
method is
dangerous
one of thefor public techniques
primary safety in a crowded
applied inenvironment. Texture extraction
FR. Vast majority and classification
of the previous method
texture analysis is
and
one of the primary
classification studiestechniques
have based applied in FR. Vast
on extracting majority
features fromofGraythe previous texture analysis
Level Co-occurrence and
Matrix
classification studies study
(GLCM). The present have develops
based onanextracting
alternative features
approachfrom Gray Level
that utilizes Co-occurrence
the orientational Matrix
relationships
(GLCM).
of the same Thepixel
present study occurring
patterns develops an at alternative approach in
different positions thatanutilizes
imagethe orientational
rather than theirrelationships
occurrence
of the same
statistics pixel patterns
as applied in GLCM occurring at different The
based counterparts. positions
matrixinholding
an image rather than
the statistical their for
values occurrence
the total
statistics as applied
displacement of theinpixel
GLCM basediscounterparts.
patterns The matrixTotal
called the Gray-Level holding the statistical
Displacement values
Matrix for the total
(GLTDM). A
displacement
second approachof the pixel
being patterns
inspired is called
from the Gray-Level
a previously publishedTotal articleDisplacement
and utilizing Matrix
directly(GLTDM).
the GLTDM A
second
as approach
a feature vectorbeing
insteadinspired from afeatures
of extracting previouslyfrompublished article and
it is also applied. utilizingresults
Simulation directly the GLTDM
clearly identify
as a feature
that, vector
the second instead of
approach extracting
performs featuresresults
promising from itinisthe
alsocontext
applied. ofSimulation results
classification clearly identify
accuracy.
that, the second approach performs promising results in the context of classification accuracy.

Keywords: Face Recognition; Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix; Level Total Displacement Matrix;
Keywords:
Texture Face Recognition;
Extraction; Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix; Level Total Displacement Matrix;
Classification
Texture Extraction; Classification

- 44 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul,
22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey tek
tek sayfalarda
sayfalarda
8th
8th International
IWW International Conference
Conference
2016, 22 - 24 on Image
Image Processing,
on Istanbul,
September, Turkey Wavelet
Processing, Wavelet and
and Applications
Applications (ift
(ift sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)

DECOMPOSITION
DECOMPOSITION OF
OF BRAIN
BRAIN ACTIVITY
ACTIVITY INTO
INTO RESTING
RESTING STATE
STATE NETWORKS
NETWORKS
BY
BY PHASE
PHASE SYNCHRONIZATION
SYNCHRONIZATION VIA
VIA WAVELET
WAVELET TRANSFORM
TRANSFORM
Adil Deniz
Adil DURU
Deniz DURU
Marmara
Marmara University,
University, Neuroscience
Neuroscience and
and Psychology
Psychology Research
Research in
in Sports
Sports Lab.,
Lab., Faculty
Faculty of
of Sport
Sport Sciences,
Sciences,
Istanbul, Turkey
Istanbul, Turkey
E-mail
E-mail deniz.duru@marmara.edu.tr
deniz.duru@marmara.edu.tr
Abstract
Abstract
The aim
The aim of
of this
this study
study isis to
to propose
propose aa method
method for
for the
the identification
identification of
of the
the functional
functional activity
activity of
of the
the brain
brain
by means
by means of of neuronal
neuronal connectivity
connectivity in in the
the absence
absence ofof aa given
given task.
task. This
This status
status of
of the
the brain
brain activity
activity isis
called as
called as resting
resting state
state activity.
activity. Functional
Functional Magnetic
Magnetic Resonance
Resonance Imaging
Imaging (fMRI)
(fMRI) was
was used
used to
to collect
collect the
the
blood oxygenated
blood oxygenated levellevel dependent
dependent signal
signal (BOLD).
(BOLD). In In this
this study,
study, fMRI
fMRI measurements
measurements are are performed
performed
using aa 3T
using 3T MRI
MRI system
system fromfrom 22 subjects
subjects who
who were
were asked
asked to
to rest
rest by
by closing
closing their
their eyes
eyes without
without thinking
thinking
for 66 minutes.
for minutes. Analysis
Analysis of of BOLD
BOLD signal
signal enables
enables researchers
researchers toto investigate
investigate the
the underlying
underlying activity
activity in
in the
the
brain tissue.
brain tissue. In
In this
this study,
study, fMRI
fMRI data
data is
is collected
collected from
from two
two subjects.
subjects. Brain
Brain tissue
tissue is
is sub
sub sampled
sampled using
using aa
functional brain
functional brain atlas
atlas in
in order
order to
to reduce
reduce the
the number
number ofof measurements.
measurements. Then,
Then, wavelet
wavelet transform
transform is is applied
applied
to compute
to compute the the wavelet
wavelet coherence
coherence and and phase
phase parameters.
parameters. Finally,
Finally, these
these parameters
parameters areare used
used toto deduce
deduce
the functional
the functional connectivity
connectivity maps maps ofof the
the brain.
brain. The
The process
process has
has been
been performed
performed for
for each
each subject
subject and
and the
the
results intersected.
results intersected. As As aa result,
result, well
well known
known Default
Default Mode
Mode Network
Network components
components were were found
found toto be
be
connected. In
connected. In addition
addition to to this,
this, auditory
auditory and
and prefrontal
prefrontal connections
connections are
are observed.
observed.

Keywords:
Keywords: Resting
Resting state
state network;
network; wavelet
wavelet coherence;
coherence; default
default mode
mode network
network

- 45 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016,22-24
22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytekteksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8th
8thInternational
InternationalConference
ConferenceononImage
ImageProcessing,
Processing,Wavelet
Waveletand
andApplications
Applications(ift
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
8 International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications
th.

20TH
20THCENTURY
CENTURYCLIMATIC
CLIMATICCHANGES
CHANGESININWESTERN
WESTERNTURKEY
TURKEYFROM
FROM
BOREHOLE
BOREHOLECLIMATOLOGIC
CLIMATOLOGICRECORDS
RECORDS
1 1 2 1
Kamil ERKAN, 1,Mete
KamilERKAN TAYAN, 1,Blent
MeteTAYAN AKKOYUNLU, 2,Murat
OktayAKKOYUNLU
BlentOktay DORUEL, 1,Mustafa
MuratDORUEL Mustafa
1 3
INAL, 1Elif
OrkunINAL
Orkun BALKAN3
, ElifBALKAN

IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda


1 1
Faculty
8th ofofEngineering,
Faculty Engineering,
International Marmara
Marmara
Conference University,
on Image Gztepe,
University, Istanbul,
Gztepe,
Processing, andTurkey
Istanbul,
Wavelet Turkey
Applications (ift sayfalarda)

2 2
Faculty of Science and Letters, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Faculty of Science and Letters, Marmara University, Gztepe, Istanbul, Turkey

FacultyofARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN Turkey SPARSITY AND TOTAL


3 3
Faculty ofEngineering,
Engineering,Dokuz
DokuzEyll
EyllUniversity,
University,Buca,
Buca,Izmir,
Izmir,Turkey
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION

Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI


Presenters
Presenterse-mail address:kamil.erkan@marmara.edu.tr
e-mailaddress: kamil.erkan@marmara.edu.tr
Department
Abstract of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
Abstract
Noida, Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
E-mail:
Subsurface
Subsurface nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
temperatures
temperaturesobtained obtainedfrom frompadmesh01@rediffmail.com,
boreholes
boreholesreturnsreturnsvaluable siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
valuableinformation
informationforforthe thepastpastsurface
surface
temperatures,
temperatures,and andcan
canbebeused
usedforforstudying
studyingthe theclimate
climatechange
changeinina region.
a region.AAborehole
boreholeofof100m 100mdeep deepcan
can
Abstract
recover
recoverthe thelast
lasttwo
twocentury
centurysurface
surfacetemperature
temperaturechangeschangesif ifthe thetemperatures
temperatureswithin withinthe theborehole
boreholeare are
purely
purelycontrolled
controlledbybythermal
thermalconduction.
conduction.The Thepaleo
paleosurface
surfacetemperatures
temperaturesobtainedobtainedbybythis thismethod
methodgive give
Electroencephalogram
only
onlymulti-decadal
multi-decadalchanges (EEG)
changes signal
orortrends
trendsisbecause
the recording
because the of
theground spontaneous
ground actsasasaelectrical
acts alow-pass
low-pass activity
filter offorthe
filterfor the brain
the over
surface
surface
atemperature
small interval
temperature signal.ofIn
signal. time.
Inthis Signals
study,
this study,weare produced
wesampled
sampledthe bysubsurface
the bombardment
subsurface of neurons
temperatures
temperatures from within
from eight the
eight brains which
boreholes
boreholes located are
located
inmeasured
inwestern and
westernTurkey. evaluated
Turkey. by EEG.EEG
Perturbations
Perturbations from
fromthe signals
themeasuredare low
measured voltage signals that
temperature-depth
temperature-depth data
data are
werecontaminated
were separated
separatedfrom by
from various
each
each
types
dataset,
dataset,ofandnoises
and the that aretemperatures
theresidual
residual also called aswere
temperatures artifacts.
weremodeled As these
modeled signals
totoobtain
obtain are used
surface
surface to diagnose
temperature
temperature various types
reconstructions
reconstructions of
forfor
brain
thethelast related
last diseases
two-century.
two-century. itgeneral,
InIn becomes necessary
general,results
results show
showtonomake these signals
nosignificant
significant change
change free from
until
untilthe noise
the for proper
beginning
beginning ofof2020 analysis
th th
century,and
century,
detection
then
thena acoolingof the
cooling diseases.
period
period exists
existsThis
from
frompaper,
1920todescribes
1920 to1980 a combine by
1980characterized
characterized wavelet-domain
bya a0.2
0.2CCdecreasesparsity
decrease and total variation
inintemperature,
temperature, and
anda a
(TV)
warming
warming regularization
period
periodcan (WATV)
canbebepronounced
pronounced denoising
after
after1990
1990method
until
untilthe that
the is relatively
present
present day.
day.Based free
Based ononof
the artifacts
theborehole
borehole (pseudo-Gibbs
method,
method,the the
oscillations
surface
surfacetemperatureand noise
temperature increasespikes)
increase from
fromnormally
1990 introduced
1990toto2010 by simple
2010isiscalculated
calculated totobebewavelet
about
about1 1C thresholding.
Cthat
thatisisiningoodTheagreement
good method is
agreement
formulated
with
withthe as an optimization
theinstrumental
instrumental records
recordsfor problem
forthe
thesame
same incorporating
period.
period. both wavelet sparsity and TV regularization. To
strongly induce wavelet sparsity, the approach uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.

Keywords:
Key
KeyWords: Electroencephalogram
Words:Climate
Climatechange, (EEG), Wavelet
change,paleo-climate,
paleo-climate, Transform,
geothermal
geothermalgradientTotal Variation, Regularization
gradient

- 46 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

DETERMINATION OF TOTAL AIRBORNE BACTERIAL AND ESCHERCHIA


COLI IN THE RAIN WATER
Tulay FEYZ11, Bulent Oktay AKKOYUNLU2,2, , Cenk SESAL33, Ilker ORU33, Goksel DEMR44
11
Department
Department of Physics, Marmara University, Goztepe,Istanbul, 34722, Turkey
22Department
Department of Biology, Marmara University, Goztepe,Istanbul, 34722, Turkey
33Vocational
Vocational College of Technical Sciences, Kirklareli University, Kirklareli,39100, Turkey,
44
Department
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Kirklareli University,Kirklareli, 39100, Turkey
Abstract

In this study, airborne total bacteria sampled from the air and Escherichia coli in the rain water were
analyzed as to variation of their concentrations during the rain event occurred on 29th th December 2014

in Istanbul, Turkey. Besides, this study introduced the variation of concentration of total airborne total
bacteria with respect to the atmospheric relative humidity. It was found that the concentration of airborne
total bacteria in the atmosphere and E. coli in the rain water decreased due to scavenging of atmospheric
particular matter via washout processes during the rain event. While relative humidity range varied from
-3
43% to 93%, total airborne bacteria concentrations range varied from zero to 30 CFU m-3 . High
concentration of airborne bacteria grouped into the high-relative-humidity of the atmosphere range
greater than 68%.

Keywords: Escherchia coli; rain water

- 47 -
IWW2016,22-24
IWW2016, 22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
8thInternational
8th InternationalConference
ConferenceononImage
ImageProcessing,
Processing,Wavelet
Waveletand
andApplications
Applications(ift
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
8 International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications
th.

EVERNICACID
EVERNIC ACIDREDUCES
REDUCESBIOFILM
BIOFILMFORMATION
FORMATIONAND
ANDVIRULENCE
VIRULENCEGENE
GENE
EXPRESSIONOF
EXPRESSION OFPSEUDOMONAS
PSEUDOMONASAERUGINOSA
AERUGINOSA
1 1 2 2
Bar GKALSIN
BarGKALSIN SESAL
, CenkSESAL
, Cenk ,,

1 1
MarmaraUniversity,
Marmara University,Institute
InstituteofofPure
Pureand
andApplied
AppliedSciences,
Sciences,Biology
BiologyDepartment,
Department,Gztepe,
Gztepe,
stanbul,Turkey
stanbul,Turkey
2 2
MarmaraUniversity,
Marmara University,Faculty
FacultyofofArts
Artsand
andSciences,
Sciences,Biology
BiologyDepartment,
Department,Gztepe,
Gztepe,stanbul,
stanbul,Turkey
Turkey

bgokalsin@gmail.com
bgokalsin@gmail.com

Abstract
Abstract

CysticFibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis(CF)
(CF)isisa agenetic
geneticdisease
diseasethatthataffects
affectsrespitory
respitoryand
anddigestive
digestivesystems. Pseudomonas
systems.Pseudomonas
aeruginosainfections
aeruginosa infectionsarearepresented
presentedtotobebethe themain
maincause
causeforforhigh
highmortality
mortalityrates
ratesininCFCFpatients.
patients.
Pseudomonasaeruginosa
Pseudomonas aeruginosapopulations
populationscan canregulate
regulatetheir
theirvirulence
virulencegenegeneexpressions
expressionsvia viathe
thebacterial
bacterial
communicationsystem:
communication system:quorum
quorumsensing.
sensing.The Thenovel
novelapproach
approachtotoreduce
reducevirulence
virulenceofofthese
thesebacteria
bacteria
withoutrisking
without riskingantimicrobial
antimicrobialresistance
resistanceisistotoinhibit
inhibitQSQSandandblock
blockbacterial
bacterialcommunication
communicationbyby
employingsignal
employing signalblocking
blockingantagonists.
antagonists.Therefore,
Therefore,discovering
discoveringQS QSinhibitors
inhibitorsfrom
fromnatural
naturalcompounds
compounds
bearssignificance.
bears significance.Lichens
Lichensproduce
producespecific
specificsecondary
secondarymetabolites,
metabolites,which
whichare areknown
knowntotohave
have
ethnobotanicalvalues
ethnobotanical valuesfor
fortheir
theirvarious
various pharmacologicalproperties.
properties.Our
Ourprevious
previousstudy
studyhashasshown
shownthat
that
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul,pharmacological
Turkey tek sayfalarda
a alichen
lichensecondary
secondarymetabolite
metaboliteevernic
evernicacid
acidisiscapable
capableofofinhibiting
inhibitingthe
themain
mainQS systemofofP.P.aeruginosa.
QSsystem aeruginosa.
8th International
Thisstudy
This studypresents Conference
presentsthe
theinfluenceon Image Processing,
influenceofofevernic
evernicacid Wavelet
acidononPseudomonasand Applications
Pseudomonasaeruginosa: (ift
aeruginosa:totoreducesayfalarda)
reducevirulence
virulenceand
and
biofilmformation,
biofilm formation,leading
leadingtotodevelopment
developmentofofnew newdrugs.
drugs.
Cultures
Cultures ofofP.P.aeruginosa
ARTIFACT-FREE aeruginosa lasB-gfpand
lasB-gfp
COMBINE rhlA-gfpfluorescent
andrhlA-gfp
WAVELET-DOMAINfluorescentmonitor
monitor strainswere
strains
SPARSITY were utilized
utilized
AND ininQS
TOTAL QS
inhibitionscreens.
inhibition screens.Bacteria
Bacteriawereweretreated
treatedwith
withserial
serialdilutions
dilutionsofofevernic
evernicacid.
acid.Growth
Growthand andgreen
green
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
fluorescentprotein
fluorescent protein(GFP)
(GFP)expressions
expressionswere weremonitored
monitoredusing usingmultimode
multimodemicroplate
microplatereaderreader(Biotek-
(Biotek-
Cytation3)3)for
Cytation for1616hours,
hours,measuring
measuringabsorbance
absorbanceand andfluorescence
fluorescenceevery
every1515minutes. Fluorescenceofof
minutes.Fluorescence
Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
GFPGFPexpression
expressionwas wasmeasured
measuredatat485 485nm nmexcitation
excitationand and535
535nm nmemission
emissionwavelengths.
wavelengths.For Forbiofilm
biofilm
assays,microplates
assays, microplateswere werestained
stainedwithwithcrystal
crystalviolet
violetsolution
solutionandandabsorbance
absorbancewas wasmeasured
measuredatat590 590nm.nm.
Department of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
InInaddition,
addition,elastase
elastaseand andrhamnolipid
rhamnolipidvirulence
virulencegene
geneexpressions
expressions(lasB
(lasBand rhlA)were
andrhlA) werequantified
quantifiedvia via
Noida, Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
qRT-PCRmethod.
qRT-PCR method.
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
QSIQSIscreens
screenshavehaveshown
shownthatthatevernic
evernicacid
acidinhibits
inhibitsexpressions
expressionsofofQS QSregulated lasB-gfpand
regulatedlasB-gfp rhlA-
andrhlA-
gfpgfpfusions
fusionsatatcertain
Abstract certainconcentrations.
concentrations.Compared
Comparedtotountreated
untreatedcultures,
cultures,evernic
evernicacidacidconcentrations
concentrations
between116
between 116M Mand and7.25
7.25M Mresulted
resultedininlower
lowerfluorescence
fluorescencelevels.
levels.Results
Resultsindicate
indicatethat
thatevernic
evernicacid
acid
iscapable
capableofofinhibiting
isElectroencephalogram P.aeruginosa
inhibitingP.(EEG)aeruginosa isQS
signal QS systems
systems
the bybyapproximately
recording approximately
of spontaneous 50%
50% andbiofilm
and
electricalbiofilm formation
formation
activity byby40%
of the brain 40%
over
ataat116
116M.
small M. QS
intervalQScontrolled
ofcontrolled elastase
elastase
time. Signals andrhamnolipid
areand rhamnolipid
produced productionof
production
by bombardment genes
genes were
were
neurons alsosignificantly
also
within significantly
the brains which down-
down- are
regulated,confirming
regulated,
measured confirming
and evaluated QSI
QSI screenings.
screenings.
by EEG.EEG signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
types of noises that are also called as artifacts. As these signals are used to diagnose various types of
Accordingtotoresults,
According results,evernic
evernicacidacidisiscapable
capableofofinhibiting
inhibitingQS systemsofofPPaeruginosa,
QSsystems aeruginosa,considerably
considerably
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these signals free from noise for proper analysis and
andandthus
thusreduce
reducevirulence.
virulence.Results
Resultsindicate
indicatethat
thatQSQSinhibition
inhibitioncan
cankeep
keepvirulence
virulenceand andpathogenicity
pathogenicityinin
detection of the diseases. This paper, describes a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
controland
control andleave
leavebacteria
bacteriavulnerable.
vulnerable.Screening
Screeningnatural
naturalcompounds
compoundssuch suchasasevernic
evernicacidacidcan
canprovide
provide
(TV) regularization (WATV) denoising method that is relatively free of artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
opportunitiesfor
opportunities forfuture
futureQSQSinhibitor
inhibitordrugs.
drugs.Further
Furtherstudies
studiesshould
shouldbebeconsidered
consideredtotoinhibit
inhibitQS QSsignal
signal
oscillations and noise spikes) normally introduced by simple wavelet thresholding. The method is
receptorsusing
receptors usingcompetitive
competitivenatural
naturalororsynthetic
syntheticmolecules
moleculesand andtheir
theirhomologue
homologuestructures.
structures.
formulated as an optimization problem incorporating both wavelet sparsity and TV regularization. To
strongly induce wavelet
Acknowledgement:
Acknowledgement: This sparsity,
Thisstudy
studywas the
was approach
funded
funded uses
bybythe
the parameterized
project:
project: TUBITAK
TUBITAK non-convex penalty
113S306(COST
113S306 functions.
(COSTFA1202).
FA1202).

Keywords:
Key Words:Electroencephalogram
KeyWords: Pseudomonas (EEG),
Pseudomonasaeruginosa,
aeruginosa, Wavelet
quorum
quorum Transform,
sensing,
sensing, Total
evernicacid,
evernic Variation,
biofilm Regularization
acid,biofilm

- 48 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ROSE STEM TRACING USING A


STEREO VISION CAMERA SYSTEM FOR ROSE HARVESTING ROBOT

Cahit GREL, M. HASSAN, G. M. ZADEH, Abdulkadir ERDEN

Mechatronics Eng. Dept., Atlm University, Ankara, TURKEY, 06836


Abstract

One of the challenging topics in automated robotic harvesting is cut-rose harvesting in greenhouses.
Production rate of rose harvesting and quality of stem cuts are highly dependent on human power and
workers experience. A robotic automated harvesting machine/system may improve production capacity
and rose quality in greenhouses. A rose harvesting robot is developed in Atlm University and tested in
laboratory environment. The robot has ability to locate harvestable rose in 3D workspace, determine
location of cut plane on its stem, cut, and then transport stem and rose flower to storage box. This paper
discusses an algorithm to track stem from rose bud to the branch location on the main stem. The stem is
part of the robots environment (world) and properly perception of stem is one of the key issues in the
success of the cutting operation. An intelligent drive to move the robots end effectors parallel to stem
curvature in 3D space is the main functional design criterion. A stereo camera system with non-parallel
epipolar line is designed, developed, and tested for 3D visual ability. The main steps of the tested
algorithm and its implementation on the robot are; segmentation, extracting centerline of stem, making
stereo correspondence and triangulation of desired points on stems centerline, evaluating downward
point to move parallel with stem, and sending the required position information to the robot. Laboratory
experiments and test results are evaluated and discussed in the paper. Overall evaluation and the robots
performance is satisfactory for further implementation of the proposed algorithm for rose harvesting
robot in greenhouse.

Keywords: Rose, harvest, robot, stem, track, stereo vision

- 49 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

GENETIC ALGORITHM BASED CALIBRATION OF MEASUREMENT


APPARATUS
Ulviye HACIZADE

Department of Computer Engineering, Hali University,


Stlce Mah., Imrahor Cad., No: 82, Beyolu-Istanbul, TURKEY
Abstract

Low cost accurate measurement apparatus are one of the main goal of metrology engineers. One way
for decreasing the sensor uncertainties is the calibration process. This study deals with the calibration of
a low cost sensor using the corresponding values obtained by reference standards. From the practical
point of view, the calibration characteristics should be in a polynomial form. In this study a Genetic
Algorithm (GA) is used for the measurement apparatus calibration purpose. As an example, GA based
calibration of a differential pressure gauge using standard pressure setting devices is examined.

Keywords: Measurement apparatus, calibration, genetic algorithm, differential pressure gauge, mean
square error;

- 50 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24
22-24 September,
September, Istanbul,
Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey tek
tek sayfalarda
sayfalarda
8th
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet
International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and
and Applications
Applications (ift
(ift sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)

IWW 2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

FEASIBILITY STUDY
FEASIBILITY STUDY OF
OF SUSTAINABLE
SUSTAINABLE PV-WIND
PV-WIND HYBRID
HYBRID STREET
STREET LIGHTING
LIGHTING
SYSTEMS
SYSTEMS

1 2 3 4 5
Bilge Dilara SKECEL
Bilge Dilara SKECEL
6
1, Burak BARUTU2, Hseyin ZDEMR3, lker ORU4, Okan GEZER5,
, Burak BARUTU , Hseyin ZDEMR , lker ORU , Okan GEZER ,
Gksel DEMR
Gksel DEMR6

1
1Bahcesehir University, Environmental Engineering Department & Energy Systems Engineering
Bahcesehir University, Environmental Engineering Department & Energy Systems Engineering
Department, 34353, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department, 34353, Istanbul, Turkey
2Istanbul Technical University, Renewable Energy Department, 34469, Istanbul-Turkey
3Istanbul Technical University, Renewable Energy Department, 34469, Istanbul-Turkey
3Bahcesehir University, Civil Engineering Department, 34353, Istanbul-Turkey
4Bahcesehir University, Civil Engineering Department, 34353, Istanbul-Turkey
4Kirklareli University, Vocational College of Technical Sciences, Krklareli-Turkey
5Kirklareli University, Vocational College of Technical Sciences, Krklareli-Turkey
5UTES, Industrial Design, Automation and Consultancy Services Co., Istanbul-Turkey
6UTES, Industrial Design, Automation and Consultancy Services Co., Istanbul-Turkey
6Kirklareli University, Architecture Faculty, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Krklareli-
Kirklareli University, Architecture Faculty, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Krklareli-
Turkey
Turkey
** Corresponding
Corresponding author.
author. Tel.: +90-532-783-0462.
Tel.: +90-532-783 -0462.
E-mail
E-mail address:
address: bilgedilara.iskeceli@stu.bahcesehir.edu.tr.
bilgedilara.iskeceli@stu.bahcesehir.edu.tr.

Abstract
Abstract
This
This paper
paper represents
represents feasibility
feasibility study
study ofof PV-Wind
PV-Wind hybrid
hybrid powered
powered stand-alone
stand-alone street
street lighting
lighting
system with
system with LED
LED luminaries
luminaries andand its
its sustainability.
sustainability. Global
Global environmental
environmental concerns
concerns and and ever-
ever-
increasing
increasing need
need for
for energy
energy made
made sustainability
sustainability aa crucial
crucial issue.
issue. Collocation
Collocation of of complementary
complementary
energy
energy sources
sources wind-solar
wind-solar power
power creates
creates aa more
more dependable,
dependable, consistent
consistent and
and environmentally
environmentally
friendly stand-alone
friendly stand-alone alternative
alternative energy
energy source.
source. Generation
Generation and and storage
storage nits
nits are
are optimized
optimized to to
meet
meet the
the energy
energy need
need of of 60
60 WW LED
LED luminaries.
luminaries. TheThe cost
cost comparison
comparison of of conventional
conventional high high
pressure
pressure sodium vapour lamp
sodium vapour lamp using
using grid
grid power
power and
and LED
LED lamp
lamp using
using hybrid
hybrid power
power waswas carried
carried
out. Results
out. Results show
show that
that the
the cost
cost of
of grid
grid powered
powered system
system isis 2,474
2,474 USD
USD and
and 2,632
2,632 USD
USD for for stand-
stand-
alone
alone system.
system. After
After adding
adding other
other costs
costs and
and saving
saving the
the payback
payback time
time for
for the
the excess
excess investment
investment
cost
cost is
is found
found as
as 1.6
1.6 years.
years. Ecological
Ecological footprint
footprint results
results show
show that
that hybrid
hybrid off-grid
off-grid system
system cancan save
save
876
876 kg
kg CO2e
CO2e per
per year
year thus
thus reduce
reduce 0.3
0.3 gha
gha forest
forest land
land per
per year.
year. Use
Use of
of hybrid
hybrid systems
systems in in long
long
distanced
distanced roads
roads between
between cities
cities and
and facilities
facilities in
in arid
arid regions
regions can
can resolve
resolve the
the problem
problem of of
delivering
delivering power to remote areas and increase the overall efficiency by decreasing the
power to remote areas and increase the overall efficiency by decreasing the voltage
voltage
drop caused
drop caused by
by losses.
losses.

Keywords: Renewable energy;


Keywords: Renewable energy; Hybrid
Hybrid system;
system; Optimization;
Optimization; Sustainability;
Sustainability; Feasibility
Feasibility study;
study;
Street lighting
Street lighting

- 51 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

INPAINTING MISSING COLUMNS IN DIGITAL IMAGES WITH HIGH


DIMENSIONAL MODEL REPRESENTATION METHOD
Efsun KARACA, M. Alper TUNGA,
Software Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences,
Baheehir University, Istanbul, TURKEY.
Abstract

Image inpainting is the process of filling missing or fixing corrupted regions in an image. The intensity
values of the pixels in the missing area are expected to be associated with the pixels in the missing area
are expected to be associated with the pixels in the surrounding area. Interpolation-based methods that
can solve the problem with a high accuracy may become inefficient when the dimension of the data
increases. In this work, we propose an image inpainting method for inpainting grayscale images. The
proposed method represents a high dimensional data in lower dimensions using High Dimensional
Model Representation Method (HDMR) and performs image inpainting for rectangular regions in
grayscale images with Lagrange interpolation. Proposed approach works only when the missing region
is a rectangle due to a constraint that comes from the structure of the HDMR method. Experimental
results show that the proposed method produces better results than the well-known and pioneering total
variation-based image inpainting method in the literature in many test cases.

Keywords: Image Inpainting; High Dimensional Model Representation; Lagrange Interpolation.

- 52 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW2016, 22-24 Conference
8th International September, Istanbul,
on ImageTurkey tek sayfalarda
Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
IWW
2016, 22 - 24 September, Istanbul, Turkey

COMPARISON OF NEURO-FUZZY AND MULTI-LAYER PERCEPTRON


COMPARISON
METHOD FOROF NEURO-FUZZY
THE ESTIMATIONAND MULTI-LAYER
OF ADULTS PERCEPTRON
COGNITIVE SKILLS
METHOD FOR
THROUGH THE ESTIMATION
FEATURE OF ADULTS COGNITIVE
SELECTION ALGORITHMS BASED ON SKILLS
WAIS-R
THROUGH FEATURE SELECTION ALGORITHMS BASED ON WAIS-R

Yeliz KARACA1*, C. CATTANI2, D. GALLETTA3


Yeliz
1,2 KARACA1*, C. CATTANI2, D. GALLETTA3
Engineering school (DEIM), Tuscia University, Viterbo, Rome, Italy
31,2
Department
Engineeringofschool
Neuroscience,
(DEIM),University of NaplesViterbo,
Tuscia University, Federico II, Italy
Rome, Via Pansini, 80131 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Neuroscience, University of Naples Federico II, Via Pansini, 80131 Naples, Italy

*Correspondence: yelzkaraca@gmail.com
*Correspondence: yelzkaraca@gmail.com
Abstract
Abstract
WAIS-R (Wechsler Adult Intelligence ScaleRevised) is a test designed for measuring the adults
cognitive abilities. The
WAIS-R (Wechsler test Intelligence
Adult for the studyScaleRevised)
covers a total of is414
a individuals
test designed(400
forunhealthy,
measuring14 thehealthy),
adults
with data abilities.
cognitive obtained The
overtest
a period
for theofstudy
10 years.
coversData belonging
a total of 414 to 11 subscales
individuals (400have been utilized
unhealthy, based
14 healthy),
on
withthedata
profiles taken
obtained from
over the subjects.
a period The subscale
of 10 years. data obtained
Data belonging from these
to 11 subscales twobeen
have feature extraction
utilized based
methods have been
on the profiles takenused
fromastheinput for Artificial
subjects. Neuraldata
The subscale Networks
obtained(ANN) and Adaptive
from these Neuro
two feature Fuzzy
extraction
Inference
methods have System (ANFIS)
been used asprediction
input for modelling
Artificial structure. The new(ANN)
Neural Networks feature and
spaceAdaptive
obtainedNeuro
from feature
Fuzzy
extraction algorithms,
Inference System the performance
(ANFIS) of the disorder
prediction modelling in ANN
structure. The newand feature
ANFISspace
classification
obtained performance
from feature
has been evaluated
extraction in athe
algorithms, comparative
performance manner.
of the disorder in ANN and ANFIS classification performance
has been evaluated in a comparative manner.
Keywords: WAIS-R, ANN, ANFIS, classification performance
Keywords: WAIS-R, ANN, ANFIS, classification performance

- 53 -
IWW2016,22-24
IWW2016, 22-24September,
September,Istanbul,
Istanbul,Turkey
Turkeytek
teksayfalarda
sayfalarda
IWW2016,
8th
8th 22-24Conference
International
International September,
Conference Istanbul,
onImage
on Turkey
8th. International tek sayfalarda
Conference
ImageProcessing,
Processing, On Image
Wavelet
Wavelet Processing,
andApplications
and Wavelet
Applications(ift and Applications
(iftsayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)


DIAGNOSISOF
DIAGNOSIS OFMULTIPLE
MULTIPLESCLEROSIS
SCLEROSISSUBGROUPS
SUBGROUPSDISEASE
DISEASEUSING
USING
ARTIFACT-FREE
ARTIFICAL COMBINE
ARTIFICALNEURAL
NEURAL WAVELET-DOMAIN
NETWORKS
NETWORKS SPARSITY
ANDADAPTIVE
AND ADAPTIVE AND TOTAL
NEURO-FUZZY
NEURO-FUZZY
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
INFERENCE
INFERENCE SYSTEM
SYSTEM
Nitendra KUMAR,
Yeliz Padmesh1*TRIPATHI
KARACA
YelizKARACA 1*
HAYTA
, englHAYTA
, engl 2 2 Hasan SIDDIQI
and Abul

Department of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
1 1Noida, Delhi (NCR) India - 201306
ononvisiting
visiting Engineering
Engineering school
school (DEIM),Tuscia
(DEIM), TusciaUniversity,
University,Viterbo,
Viterbo,Rome,
Rome,Italy
Italy
E-mail:
22 nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
Department
Department ofofComputer
ComputerEngineering, padmesh01@rediffmail.com,
Engineering,Faculty
FacultyofofEngineering, Halisiddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
Engineering,Hali University,Istanbul,
University, Istanbul,Turkey
Turkey

*Abstract
*Correspondence:
Correspondence:yelzkaraca@gmail.com
yelzkaraca@gmail.com

Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
Abstract
Abstract
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
measured
Multiple
Multiple and evaluated
Sclerosis
Sclerosis by EEG.EEG
isisa aneurological
neurological signalsthat
disorder
disorder are occurs
that low
occursvoltage
whensignals
when that are
theimmune
the immune contaminated
system
system by
attacksthe
attacks thevarious
tissue
tissue
types of
myelin
myelin noises
which
which that are
protects
protects the also
the called
nerves.
nerves. as artifacts.
Dataset
Dataset As these
belonging
belonging signals are
totoindividuals
individuals used
with
with MSMS tosubgroups
diagnose (RRMS,
subgroups various
(RRMS,typesPPMS
PPMS of
brain
and
and related
SPMS)
SPMS) diseases
and
and healthy
healthy itindividuals
becomes necessary
individuals hasbeen
has beentoutilized.
make these
utilized. 120signals
120 ofofthe free from noise
theindividuals
individuals are for
areMS proper
MSpatients
patientsanalysis
and1919and
and ofof
detection
them
them are of the diseases.
arehealthy.
healthy. The This paper,
Theclassification
classification has
has describes
beenmade
been madea combine
basedononwavelet-domain
based thelesion
the lesionsize sparsity
sizetaken
taken and
from
from total
the
the MRMRvariation
images
images
(TV) and
(MRI)
(MRI) regularization
andExpanded (WATV)Score
ExpandedScalability
Scalability denoising
Score (EDSS)
(EDSS) method
valuesthat
values is individuals
ofof139
139 relatively
individualsfree withof
with artifacts
33years (pseudo-Gibbs
yearsinterval.
interval. Artificial
Artificial
oscillations
Neural
Neural Networksand (ANN)
Networks noise
(ANN) spikes) normally
andAdaptive
and Adaptive introduced
Neuro
Neuro by simpleSystem
FuzzyInference
Fuzzy Inference wavelet
System thresholding.
(ANFIS)
(ANFIS) Themodelling
prediction
prediction method is
modelling
formulated
structure
structure hasas
has beenan used
been optimization
usedforforthe problem incorporating
theclassification.
classification. Forthe
For both wavelet
theexperimental
experimental sparsity
study,
study, and TV
DDmatrix
matrix regularization.
has
has beenapplied
been appliedon To
on
strongly
ANN
ANN induce
totomulti
multi wavelet
layer
layer sparsity,
perceptron
perceptron the approach
(MLP)
(MLP) andANGFIS.
and uses parameterized
ANGFIS. Thus,the
Thus, non-convex
theclassification
classification penalty
accuracy
accuracy functions.
has
has beentested.
been tested.

Keywords:
Keywords: MS-Subgroups,ANN,
Keywords: MS-Subgroups, ANN,ANFIS,
Electroencephalogram ANFIS, classification
(EEG),classification
Wavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization

- 54 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda IWW2016, 22-24 September, Ist
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24 September,
22-24 Istanbul,
September, Turkey tektek
Istanbul, sayfalarda
8th International Conference on ImageTurkey
Processing,sayfalarda 8th International Conference on
Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
IWW
8th
8th 2016, 22 Conference
International - 24
International September,
onon
Conference Istanbul,
Image
Image Turkey Wavelet
Processing,
Processing, Waveletand Applications
and (ift
Applications sayfalarda)
(ift sayfalarda)


CLASSIFICATION OF T
CLASSIFICATION OF THERMOGRAPHY BASED BREAST CANCER IMAGES
CLASSIFICATION
CLASSIFICATIONOF
USING THERMOGRAPHY
OF THERMOGRAPHY
TEXTURE BASED
BASEDBREAST
BREAST
AND STATISTICAL CANCER
CANCER
FEATURES IMAGES
IMAGES USING TE
USING
USINGTEXTURE
TEXTUREAND
ANDSTATISTICAL
STATISTICALFEATURES
FEATURES
1
1 1 2 3 rfan KARAGZ , Nagihan SE
1 1, Nagihan SEVEROLU
rfan KARAGZ 1 1, Serap GLTEKN 2 2, Mustafa BENEKL 3
rfan KARAGZ
rfan KARAGZ, Nagihan SEVEROLU
, Nagihan SEVEROLU, Serap GLTEKN
, Serap GLTEKN, Mustafa BENEKL
, Mustafa BENEKL3
1
1 Department
Ankara, of Electrical and E
1 1Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Gazi University, Engineering Faculty,
Department
Department
Turkey ofof Electrical
Electrical and andElectronics
Electronics Engineering,
Engineering, GaziGaziUniversity,
University, Engineering
Engineering Faculty, Turkey
Faculty, Ankara,
Ankara,
Turkey
Turkey 2
2 Department of Radiology, Gazi
2 2Department of Radiology, Gazi University, Medicine Faculty, Ankara, Turkey
Department
Department ofof Radiology,
Radiology, GaziGaziUniversity,
University, Medicine
Medicine Faculty,
Faculty, Ankara,
Ankara, Turkey
Turkey 3
3 Department of Oncology,Gazi U
3 3Department of Oncology,Gazi University, Medicine Faculty, Ankara, Turkey
Department
Department ofof Oncology,Gazi
Oncology,Gazi University,
University, Medicine
Medicine Faculty,
Faculty, Ankara,
Ankara, Turkey
Turkey
Abstract Abstract
Abstract
Abstract
Breast cancer is the most commonly seen type of cancer among women. Early diagnosis increases Breast cancer the is the most comm
Breast
Breast cancer
probability cancer is is
of thethe most
survival most commonly
in commonly
patients seen
seen
greatly. typetypeofof
Thermal cancer
cancer among
imaging among women.
methodwomen.is a EarlyEarly diagnosis
physiological diagnosis probability
increases
increases
imaging thetheof survival in patient
method
IWW2016,
probability of22-24
survival September, Istanbul, Turkey tekimaging
sayfalarda thatefficiency
can detect cancer formation
probability
that can detect of cancerinformation
survival patients
in patients greatly.
greatly.
earlier Thermal
thanThermal imaging
conventional method
method
methods. is isa physiological
In athis
physiological
study, where imaging
imaging
the method
method
8th
that International
can detect cancer Conference
formation on Image
earlier Processing,
than conventional Wavelet and Applications
methods. In In this study, (iftwhere
sayfalarda)
of thermal imaging is investigat
that can detect cancer formation earlier
of thermal imaging is investigated, texture features, which than conventional methods.
are determined this usingwhere
study, Localthe theefficiency
Binary efficiency
Pattern
of (LBP)
thermal
of thermal and imaging
imaging
Gray Level is isinvestigated,
investigated,
Co-occurrence texture
texture features,
Matricesfeatures, which
(GLCM)which are determined
are
and determined
the statistical usingusing Local
featuresLocal Binary
of (LBP)
Binary
the images andare
Pattern
Pattern Gray Level Co-occu
(LBP)
(LBP)
used and
inand Gray
order GraytoLevel
Level
classify Co-occurrence
Co-occurrence
the thermography Matrices
Matrices (GLCM)
images. (GLCM) andandthethe
statistical
statistical features
features ofof thethe used
images in are
images order
are to classify the ther
used
used
In in in
this order
order tofirstly,
classify
to
ARTIFACT-FREE
study, classify thebreast
the thermography
the thermography
COMBINE
regions areimages.
images.
WAVELET-DOMAIN
manually clustered to determine SPARSITY
the regions; AND In this
followed TOTAL study,
by the firstly, the breast re
In determination
this
In thisstudy,
study, firstly,
firstly, thethe
of texture breast
breastregions
features by are
regions
VARIATION manually
are
applying manually
LBP clustered
(TV) clustered
and to to
determine
REGULARIZATION
GLCM determine
methods the
tothe regions;
the regions;
images followeddetermination
followed
obtained. byby thethe of texture feature
Local
determination
determination
binary pattern ofmethod
oftexture
texture features
is features
applied, bywhich
byapplyingis anLBP
applying LBP and
effective andGLCMGLCM
method methods
methods
for to tothethe
the determination images
images binary
ofobtained.
obtained.
texture pattern
Local method is applied
Local
features.
binary
binary
In LBP
Nitendra pattern
pattern
method,
KUMAR,method
method isfeatures
applied,
is
thePadmesh applied,ofwhich
which
pixel
TRIPATHI isvalues
anan
is effective
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effective
according method
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their thethedetermination
pattern determination
are determined ofoftexture Infeatures.
texture
by LBP method,
features.
taking the the features of
In central
InLBPLBPmethod, method,
pixel thethefeatures
value asfeatures ofofpixel
threshold. pixelvalues
Also, in according
values according
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method, theirpattern
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determined
produced byby
that central
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takingthe
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Also, in inof
of double
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pixels
and with aare
matrices
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that occurrence
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and thethefrequency of a coup
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occurrence
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From
201306 ofthese
double
of double
GLCM grey
grey level
level
obtained pixels
pixelswith
with
in different a given
adirections,
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direction ()()
the features distance
and anda given
of (d) between them. From
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given
distance
distance
comprised (d) (d)between four them.
ofbetween them.
differentFrom
From these
texturethese GLCM
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obtained
(contrast, in in
different
different
correlation, directions,
directions,
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features
homogeneity)comprised
ofofimages wereof four different tex
images
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
comprised
comprised
determined. ofoffour
Infour different
addition to texture
different thetexture features
texture features (contrast,
features, (contrast, correlation,
correlation,
four different energy
statistical energy andandhomogeneity)
features homogeneity)
(average, determined. were In addition to the
were
variance,
determined.
determined. In addition
In addition to the
to thetexture
skewness and kurtosis) were obtained from each image. texture features,
features, four
fourdifferent
different statistical
statistical features
features (average,
(average, skewness
variance,
variance, and kurtosis) were obt
Abstract
skewness
skewness
The Support and andkurtosis)
kurtosis)
Vector were
were
Machines obtained
obtained
(SVM) fromfrom each
method eachimage.
is image.
used for the classification of these thermal The Support
images by Vector Machines (
TheThe Support
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Electroencephalogram
means of the Vector
Vector
texture Machines(EEG)(SVM)
Machines
features (SVM)
signal
determined method
is method
the is is
used
byrecording
using used
LBPfor
offorthethe
and classification
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spontaneous ofof
electrical
methods these
thesethermal
activity
together thermal
of the
with means
images
the images
brain ofbythe
by texture features det
over
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means
ameans
smallofof
features. the texture
the
interval
In order oftofeatures
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produced
success using
rateusing
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classification, GLCM methods
of
k-Fold methods
neurons
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statistical
statistical
performed, order to increase the
features.
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evaluated
and the k value was taken as 10. increase
by the success
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results is When statistical
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in
optimization additionfeatures
to theare
features
problem areused
used
texture
incorporatingthe ratio
the ratio
features,bothof success
of
the success issparsity
statistical
wavelet obtained
is obtained
features andasof 77.4%.
as
TV 77.4%.
the obtained
The
images The
regularization.results
are showed
results
also
To that in additio
obtained
obtained
similarly
strongly showed
showed
effective
induce that ininclassification.
that
wavelet addition
in addition
sparsity, tothe
thethe
to texture
texture
approach features,
features,
uses thethe
statistical
parameterized statistical features
non-convexfeatures ofpenalty
ofthethe
images similarly
images areare
functions. also effective in classificati
also
similarly
similarly effective
effective in inclassification.
classification.

Key Words: Breast Cancer, Local Binary Pattern, Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix, KeyStatistical
Words: Breast Cancer, L
Key
KeyWords:
Keywords: Breast
BreastCancer,
Cancer,Local
Words:Electroencephalogram
Features Binary
(EEG),
Local Pattern,
Wavelet
Binary Gray
GrayLevel
Transform,
Pattern, Co-occurrence
Total
Level Matrix, Features
Statistical
Variation, Regularization
Co-occurrence Matrix, Statistical
Features
Features

- 55 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International
IWW2016, 22-24 Conference
September, on Image Turkey
Istanbul, Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Processing,
ApplicationsWavelet
(ift sayfalarda)
IWW2016, 22-24 September, th. Istanbul, Turkey
8 International tek sayfalarda
Conference On Image and Applications

8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL

VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
DETECTION OF VORTICES USING 2D FUSED LASSO
Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
DETECTION OF VORTICES USING 2D FUSED LASSO
Emre KAYA1, Mustafa Gke BAYDOAN2,
Department of Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
1
Emre KAYA
Noida, , (NCR)
Delhiand Gke BAYDOAN2,
MustafaIndia
1
Systems Control - 201306
Engineering Programme, Bogazici University. Bebek, Istanbul
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marmara University, Goztepe, Istanbul, Turkey
Systems and Control Engineering Programme, Bogazici University. Bebek, Istanbul
Department
Abstract
2 of Mechanical
Department of IndustrialEngineering,
Engineering,Marmara
Bogazici University,
University, Goztepe, Istanbul,Turkey
Bebek. Istanbul, Turkey
2
Department of Industrial(EEG)
Electroencephalogram Engineering,
E mail: emre.kaya@marmara.edu.tr, Bogazici University,
signal ismustafa.baydogan@boun.edu.tr
the recording Bebek. Istanbul,
of spontaneous Turkey
electrical activity of the brain over
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
E measured
mail: emre.kaya@marmara.edu.tr, mustafa.baydogan@boun.edu.tr
Abstract and evaluated by EEG.EEG signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
types of noises that are also called as artifacts. As these signals are used to diagnose various types of
Abstract
Results of experiments and simulations produce a large
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these corpus
signalsof data
free thatnoise
from is yet
fortoproper
be analysed
analysiseither
and
by a human
detection of observer
the or computers.
diseases. This paper, Hopefully,
describes data
a miningwavelet-domain
combine techniques might make and
sparsity this total
task variation
easier by
Results of experiments and simulations produce a large corpus of data that is yet to be analysed either
automatically spotting the desired patterns method
in the data.
thatHere, we propose
freeanofmake
alternative solution to the
by(TV) regularization
a human observer or (WATV)
computers. denoising
Hopefully, data mining is techniques
relatively might artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
this task easier by
problem of the
oscillations and detection of vortices in a introduced
noisethespikes) gridded two-dimensional velocity field data obtained from a
automatically spotting desirednormally
patterns in the data. by simple
Here, wavelet
we propose anthresholding. The method
alternative solution to theis
flow field
formulated by using the
as detection method
an optimization of fused
problem lasso. Although the results are affirmative, lasso parameter(s)
problem of the of vortices in a incorporating both waveletvelocity
gridded two-dimensional sparsityfield
and data
TV regularization.
obtained from aTo
are still to
strongly be optimised
induce wavelet in order tothegeneralise
sparsity, the solution to other detection problems as well.
flow field by using the method of fusedapproach uses
lasso. Although parameterized
the results non-convex penalty
are affirmative, lassofunctions.
parameter(s)
are still to be optimised in order to generalise the solution to other detection problems as well.
Key Words: Vortex Detection, Fused Lasso, Data Mining
Keywords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words: Vortex Detection, Fused(EEG),
Lasso, Wavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
Data Mining

- 56 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24
22-24 September,
September, Istanbul,
Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey tek
tek sayfalarda
sayfalarda
IWW
8th 2016, 22 - 24
8th International
International September,
Conference
Conference onIstanbul,
on Image Turkey Wavelet
Image Processing,
Processing, Wavelet and
and Applications
Applications (ift
(ift sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)

ARTIFACT-FREE
ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE
COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN
WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY
SPARSITY AND
AND TOTAL
TOTAL
VARIATION
VARIATION (TV)
(TV) REGULARIZATION
REGULARIZATION

Nitendra KUMAR,
Nitendra Padmesh TRIPATHI
KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and
and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
Abul Hasan SIDDIQI

Department
Department of
of Applied
Applied Sciences,
Sciences, School
School of
of Engineering
Engineering and
and Technology,
Technology, Sharda
Sharda University,
University, Greater
Greater
Noida,
Noida, Delhi
Delhi (NCR)
(NCR) India
India -- 201306
201306
E-mail:
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com,
padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com

Abstract
Abstract
Electroencephalogram
Electroencephalogram (EEG) (EEG) signal is the
signal is the recording
recording ofof spontaneous
spontaneous electrical
electrical activity
activity of
of the
the brain
brain over
over
aa small
small interval
interval of
of time.
time. Signals
Signals are
are produced
produced by by bombardment
bombardment of of neurons
neurons within
within the
the brains
brains which
which are
are
measured
measured andand evaluated
evaluated by by EEG.EEG
EEG.EEG signals
signals are
are low
low voltage
voltage signals
signals that
that are
are contaminated
contaminated by by various
various
types
types of
of noises
noises that
that are
are also
also called
called as
as artifacts.
artifacts. As
As these
these signals
signals are
are used
used toto diagnose
diagnose various
various types
types of
of
brain
brain related
related diseases
diseases itit becomes
becomes necessary
necessary to to make
make these
these signals
signals free
free from
from noise
noise for
for proper
proper analysis
analysis and
and
detection
detection of
of the
the diseases.
diseases. This
This paper,
paper, describes
describes aa combine
combine wavelet-domain
wavelet-domain sparsity
sparsity and
and total
total variation
variation
(TV)
(TV) regularization
regularization (WATV)
(WATV) denoising
denoising method
method that
that is
is relatively
relatively free
free of
of artifacts
artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
(pseudo-Gibbs
oscillations
oscillations and
and noise
noise spikes)
spikes) normally
normally introduced
introduced byby simple
simple wavelet
wavelet thresholding.
thresholding. TheThe method
method is is
formulated
formulated asas an
an optimization
optimization problem
problem incorporating
incorporating both
both wavelet
wavelet sparsity
sparsity and
and TV
TV regularization.
regularization. ToTo
strongly
strongly induce
induce wavelet
wavelet sparsity,
sparsity, the
the approach
approach uses
uses parameterized
parameterized non-convex
non-convex penalty
penalty functions.
functions.

Keywords:
Keywords: Electroencephalogram
Electroencephalogram (EEG),
(EEG), Wavelet
Wavelet Transform,
Transform, Total
Total Variation,
Variation, Regularization
Regularization

- 57 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24
22-24
22-24 September,
September,
September, Istanbul,
Istanbul,
Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey
Turkey tek
tektek sayfalarda
sayfalarda
sayfalarda
8th
8th8th International
International Conference
Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
International 8 International ConferenceWavelet
Conferenceth. on on Image
Image Processing,
Processing, Wavelet
On and and Applications
Applications
Image (ift
(ift
Processing, sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
Wavelet and Applications

IMAGE
IMAGE
IMAGE RESTORATION
RESTORATION
RESTORATION THROUGH
THROUGH
THROUGH TRIDIAGONAL
TRIDIAGONAL
TRIDIAGONAL MATRIX
MATRIX
MATRIX ENHANCED
ENHANCED
ENHANCED
MULTIVARIANCE
MULTIVARIANCE
MULTIVARIANCE PRODUCTS
PRODUCTS
PRODUCTS REPRESENTATION
REPRESENTATION
REPRESENTATION (TMEMPR)
(TMEMPR)
(TMEMPR)
Orkun KUA1 11, Burcu TUNGA 2 22
Orkun
Orkun KUA
KUA , Burcu
, Burcu TUNGA
TUNGA
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
1 11Informatics Institute, Istanbul Technical University, 34469, Turkey (TRKYE)
Informatics
Informatics Institute,
Institute, Istanbul
Istanbul Technical University,
Technical 34469, Turkey (TRKYE)
8th International Conference on ImageUniversity,
Processing,34469, Turkey
Wavelet (TRKYE)
and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
2 22Mathematics Engineering Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences Istanbul Technical University,
Mathematics
Mathematics Engineering
Engineering Department,
Department, Faculty
Faculty of of Arts
Arts andand Sciences
Sciences Istanbul
Istanbul Technical
Technical University,
University,
34469,
34469,
34469, Turkey
Turkey
Turkey
AbstractARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
Abstract
Abstract
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
Tridiagonal
Tridiagonal
Tridiagonal Matrix
Matrix
Matrix Enhanced
Enhanced
Enhanced Multivariance
Multivariance
Multivariance Product
Product
Product Representation
Representation
Representation (TMEMPR)
(TMEMPR)
(TMEMPR) isrecursive
is ais aa recursive
recursive method
method
method
Nitendra
to
to to KUMAR,
decompose
decompose
decompose the
thethe Padmesh
given
given
given TRIPATHI
multivariate
multivariate
multivariate andItAbul
array.
array.
array. ItIt Hasan
is
is is based
based
based SIDDIQI
on
on on Enhanced
Enhanced
Enhanced Multivariance
Multivariance
Multivariance Products
Products
Products
Representation
Representation
Representation (EMPR)
(EMPR)
(EMPR) method
method
method which
which
which is
is is aa powerful
powerful
a powerful divide-and-conquer
divide-and-conquer
divide-and-conquer algorithm
algorithm
algorithm for
forfor utilizing
utilizing
utilizing
Department to
approximation
approximation
approximation of to
Applied
to
the the
the Sciences,
multivariate
multivariate
multivariate School
functions.
functions.
functions. of Engineering
TMEMPR
TMEMPR
TMEMPR aims and
aims
aims Technology,
to get
to to
get get an
an an Sharda University,
approximation
approximation
approximation Greater
to multivariate
to to multivariate
multivariate
Noida,
array
array
array Delhi
using
using
using aa(NCR)
recursive
recursive
a recursive India - 201306
algorithm.
algorithm.
algorithm. Support
Support
Support vectors
vectors
vectors are
areare used
used
used in
in in each
each
each step
step
step of
of of the
thethe recursion
recursion
recursion and
andand these
these
these
E-mail:
support
support
support nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com,
vectors
vectors
vectors supply
supply
supply huge
huge
huge topadmesh01@rediffmail.com,
flexibilities
flexibilities
flexibilities to obtain
to obtain
obtain better
better
better approximation.
approximation.
approximation. siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
At At
At the
thethe end
endend
of ofof the
the the recursion,
recursion,
recursion, the
thethe
given
given
given multivariate
multivariate
multivariate array
array
array is decomposed
is is decomposed
decomposed intointo
into aa product
product
a product of
of of three
three
three matrices:
matrices:
matrices: an
an an orthonormal
orthonormal
orthonormal matrix,
matrix,
matrix, a aa
Abstracttridiagonal
rectangular
rectangular
rectangular tridiagonal
tridiagonal matrix
matrix
matrix and
andand another
another
another orthonormal
orthonormal
orthonormal matrix.
matrix.
matrix.
In
In In this
thisthis work,
work, wewe
Electroencephalogram
work, we focus
focus
focus on
on
on(EEG) image
image
image signal restoration
restoration
restoration as
as as
an an
is the recording an image
image
of
image processing
processing
spontaneous
processing application
application
electrical
application activity through
through
through of the TMEMPR
TMEMPR
brain over
TMEMPR
method.
method.
a small
method. Image
Image
interval
Image restoration
restoration is known
is
of time. isSignals
restoration known
known are as removing
as as removing
produced
removing by the
thethe distortion
distortion
bombardment
distortion fromfrom
from
ofthe the
the
neurons
imageimage
image and
andand
within trying
trying
the
trying to obtain
to to
brains obtain the
thethe
which
obtain are
original
original
measured
original image.
image.
image. In this
In this
andInevaluated
this study
study
study by we
we
weEEG.EEG
dealdeal
dealwith with
with two
twotwo
signals different
different
are
different lowtypestypes
typesof of
voltage of noises:
noises:
signals
noises: Gaussian
Gaussian
that
Gaussian and
andand
are contaminated Salt&Pepper.
Salt&Pepper.
Salt&Pepper. ToTo
by variousTo
measure
measure
types the
measure the
of the
noisesperformance
performance
that areofalso
performance of the
of
the the proposed
proposed
called
proposed method,
method,
as artifacts.
method, thesethese
Asthese
thesetypes
types
types of of
signalsof noises
noises
noisesareare are
are
used integrated
integrated
to diagnose
integrated tovarious
to original
original
to original images
images
types
images of
with
with
brain
with different
different parameters
parameters
relatedparameters
different diseases in
in in
it becomes
orderorder
orderto toto
necessaryget
getget noisy
noisy
to make
noisy images
images
images these and
andand
signals
thenthen
then those
those
free
those from
noisynoisy
noisy
noise images
images are
areare
for proper
images tried
tried to
to to
analysis
tried be
be
beand
returned
returned
detection
returned to to tooftheir
theirtheir
the original
original
diseases.
original situation
situationby by
This paper,
situation by utilizing
utilizing
describes
utilizing TMEMPR.
TMEMPR.
a combine
TMEMPR. TMEMPR
TMEMPR
wavelet-domain
TMEMPR is used
is
is used used for
forfor the
thethe
sparsity and first
first
first time
time
total
time in the
in in the
variation
the
image
image restoration
restoration
(TV)restoration
image regularization in this
in in
thisthis study.
study.
(WATV)
study. However,
However,
denoising
However, the
thethe original
original
method
original image
image
that
image is not
is not
isisrelatively
not gained
gained
gained free exactly,
exactly, the
thethe
of artifacts
exactly, results
results are
areare
(pseudo-Gibbs
results veryvery
very
encouraging
encouraging
oscillationswhen
encouraging when
when
and compared
compared
noise
compared spikes)
withwith
with the
thethe
normally results
results
results obtained
obtained
introduced
obtained from
byfrom
from simple another
another
another waveletpowerful
powerful
powerful method
method
thresholding.
method Singular
Singular
The method
Singular Value
Value
Value is
Decomposition
Decomposition
formulated as(SVD).
Decomposition (SVD).
an(SVD). Hence,
Hence,
optimization
Hence, this
this
problem
this study
study
study also
also includes
includes
incorporating
also includes bothcomparisons
comparisons
wavelet for
comparisons for
for
sparsity error
error
error and
andand
and TV
time time
time complexities
complexities
regularization.
complexities To
between
between
strongly
between TMEMPR
TMEMPR
induce
TMEMPR and
andand
wavelet SVD SVD
SVD method.
method.
sparsity,
method. the approach uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.

Key
Key Words:
Words:
Keywords:
Key Words: Image
Image Processing;
Processing;
Electroencephalogram
Image Processing; Image
Image
(EEG),
Image Restoration;
Restoration; Tridiagonal
Tridiagonal
Wavelet Transform,
Restoration; Total
Tridiagonal Matrix
Matrix
Matrix Enhanced
Enhanced
Variation,
Enhanced Multivariance
Multivariance
Regularization
Multivariance
Product
Product
Product Representation
Representation
Representation

- 58 -
IWW2016,
IWW2016, 22-24
22-24 September,
September, Istanbul, Turkey tek
Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
sayfalarda
IWW2016,
8th 22-24 September,
International ConferenceIstanbul,
on Turkey
Image tek sayfalarda
Processing, Wavelet and
and Applications
Applications (ift
(ift sayfalarda)
sayfalarda)
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet
8th
International
IWW 2016, 22 -Conference on Image
24 September, Processing,
Istanbul, Turkey Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)

ARTIFACT-FREE COMBINE WAVELET-DOMAIN SPARSITY AND TOTAL
PLASTICWASTE
PLASTIC WASTERECYCLING;
RECYCLING;AACASE
VARIATION CASE STUDYIN
INGAZIANTEP,
GAZIANTEP,TURKEY
(TV) REGULARIZATION
STUDY TURKEY

Nitendra KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI


1 2 3
Simge MAHSEREC 1 , Huseyin ZDEMR 2 , Gksel DEMR 3
Simge MAHSEREC
Department of , Huseyin
Applied Sciences,ZDEMR
School of Gksel DEMR
,Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
1
Baheehirr
1 Noida, University,
DelhiUniversity,
(NCR) India Department
- 201306 ofofEnvironmental
Environmental Engineering, 34353, Istanbul-Turkey
Baheehirr Department Engineering, 34353, Istanbul-Turkey
E-mail:
2 nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
2 Baheehir University, Department of Civil Engineering, 34353, Istanbul-Turkey
Baheehir University, Department of Civil Engineering, 34353, Istanbul-Turkey
3
Krklareli University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, 39020,
3 Abstract
Krklareli University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, 39020,
Krklareli-Turkey
Krklareli-Turkey
Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
aAbstract
small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
Abstract
measured and evaluated by EEG.EEG signals are low voltage signals that are contaminated by various
The
types growth of the world
of noises population increases generation of the waste materials especially products that
The growth of thethat arepopulation
world also calledincreases
as artifacts. As these
generation ofsignals
the waste arematerials
used to diagnose
especiallyvarious
productstypes
thatof
have related
brain non-biodegradable
diseases it properties
becomes like to
necessary plastic
make materials,
these signalswhich
free havenoise
from bad for
effect toanalysis
proper the livingand
have non-biodegradable properties like plastic materials, which have bad effect to the living
environment.
detection Therefore,
of Therefore,
the diseases. management
This paper,ofof the waste combine
describes materialswavelet-domain
is gained so much importance. Onevariation
of these
environment. management the wasteamaterials is gained so much sparsity and One
importance. total of these
management
(TV) methods is recycling.
regularization The goalmethod
of this study is to investigate plastic solid waste recycling,
management methods is(WATV)
recycling.denoising
The goal of thatisis
this study torelatively
investigatefree of artifacts
plastic (pseudo-Gibbs
solid waste recycling,
development processes, and management strategies with giving a case study in Gaziantep, Turkey. In
oscillations
development and noise and
processes, spikes) normally strategies
management introduced by giving
with simplea wavelet thresholding.
case study in Gaziantep, TheTurkey.
methodIn is
addition, the study indicates the effects of the recycling to the economy, energy and most significantly
formulated
addition, the as an optimization
study indicates the problem
effects ofincorporating
the recycling both
to thewavelet
economy, sparsity
energyandand
TVmost
regularization.
significantlyTo
to the environment.
tostrongly induce wavelet sparsity, the approach uses parameterized non-convex penalty functions.
the environment.

Key Words: Plastic waste; Recycling; Waste management


Keywords:
Key Words: Electroencephalogram (EEG),
Plastic waste; Recycling; WasteWavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization
management

- 59 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
8th. International Conference On Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications

SPATIAL CODEPENDENCY ADAPTATIONS FOR SUPER RESOLUTION IMAGE


RECONSTRUCTION

Muharrem MERCMEK, Halit RENBA


Department of Control and Automation Engineering, Yldz Technical University, Istanbul, 34220,
Turkey
E-mail: mercimek@yildiz.edu.tr
Abstract

Resolution is a widely used term when judging various image acquisition/processing systems quality.
In super resolution (SR) image reconstruction, complementary information from a set of different low
resolution (LR) images are combined through aligning the images onto the same spatial coordinate
system with sub-pixel accuracy. This opens a pathway for image resolution enhancement. Slightly
different LR images of the same scene, which are accumulated closely, can be now geometrically refined
using spatial codependency adaptations to construct a high resolution (HR) image. As a powerful
geostatistical procedure, Kriging provides estimates of the values at unknown locations with a minimum
quantifiable error and it is a completely data-driven approach. It is based on the measured codependency
of data points, and provides a more accurate local representation of the data than polynomial or function
based methods. We employ Kriging at the second stage of a standard SR image reconstruction method
to increase the resolution of the images. Also a standard regularization procedure is accompanying the
Kriging to provide a user-specified tradeoff between data fidelity and data smoothness. We applied the
framework to synthetic and real world data and compared the results with those of several other
interpolation methods, as well as state of the art image reconstruction methods.

Keywords: Super Resolution Image Reconstruction; Spatial Codependency; Kriging.

- 60 -
IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
IWW2016,
22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
IWW
8th 2016, 22 -Conference
International 24 September, Istanbul,
on Image Turkey Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
Processing,

IWW2016, 22-24 September, Istanbul, Turkey tek sayfalarda
8th International Conference on Image Processing, Wavelet and Applications (ift sayfalarda)
BIG DATA ANALYSIS AND SOME SAMPLE PROGRAM CODES WRITTEN IN

MATLAB, PYTHON, IDL AND FORTRAN FOR WAVELET DATA ANALYSIS AND
BIG DATA ANALYSIS
SOURCES AND SOME
TO LEARN SAMPLE
PYTHON, PROGRAM
R AND MATLAB CODES WRITTEN IN
PROGRAMMING
ARTIFACT-FREE
MATLAB, COMBINE
PYTHON, IDL AND WAVELET-DOMAIN
FORTRAN SPARSITY
FOR WAVELET DATA AND TOTAL
ANALYSIS AND
VARIATION (TV) REGULARIZATION
SOURCES TO LEARN PYTHON, R AND MATLAB PROGRAMMING
Halit Hami
Nitendra Z
KUMAR, Padmesh TRIPATHI and Abul Hasan SIDDIQI
Kafkas University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Computer Engineering,
Halit Hami Z Applied Sciences, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater
Department
Kars, 36100,ofTurkey
Noida,University,
Kafkas Delhi (NCR) India -of201306
Faculty Engineering and Architecture, Department of Computer Engineering,
E mail: hamioz@yahoo.com
E-mail: nkshukla.kumar4@gmail.com, padmesh01@rediffmail.com, siddiqi.abulhasan@gmail.com
Kars, 36100, Turkey
Abstract
EAbstract
mail: hamioz@yahoo.com
Molecular data is created in different formats: MICROSAT, SNP, AFLP, RFLP, DNA, RNA,
Abstract
Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal is the recording of spontaneous electrical activity of the brain over
DISTANCE, PROTEIN, DART, INDEL, RAPID. File formats includes Arlequin, Genpop, Structure,
a small interval of time. Signals are produced by bombardment of neurons within the brains which are
Nexus, Mega, Fasta.
Molecular Scientists workingformats:
in this field needs to analyze this molecular
RFLP, data, andRNA,
he/she
measured data is created
and evaluated by in different
EEG.EEG signals are lowMICROSAT, SNP,that
voltage signals AFLP,
are contaminated DNA, by various
does it by either
DISTANCE, writing specialINDEL,
PROTEIN, programs to convert these big data toArlequin,
the format he needs or sends
types of noises that are DART, RAPID.
also called as artifacts. AsFile formats
these signalsincludes
are used Genpop,
to diagnose Structure,
various types of
his/herMega,
Nexus, data to someScientists
Fasta. centers for analysis.
working User
in this friendly
field and
needssignalseasy tothis
to analyze use web based molecular data
brain related diseases it becomes necessary to make these free from molecular data,
noise for proper and he/she
analysis and
converting
does it by program
either wasspecial
writing developed using Rtoprogramming
programs convert theselanguage
big data attoKafkas
the University
format he Department
needs or sendsof
detection of the diseases. This paper, describes a combine wavelet-domain sparsity and total variation
Bioengineering
his/her data to and Department
some centers for of Computer
analysis. User Engineering.
friendly and Users
easy can
to upload
use web their
based data using thedata
molecular Web
(TV) regularization (WATV) denoising method that is relatively free of artifacts (pseudo-Gibbs
based program
converting program selecting input and
was developed outR file
using formats. Also
programming someat sample program codes written in
oscillations and noise spikes) normally introduced by language
simple waveletKafkas University
thresholding. Department
The methodofis
MATLAB, Python,
Bioengineering IDL and FORTRAN
andoptimization
Department of Computer for wavelet dataUsers
Engineering. analysis and sources
cansparsity
upload theirTV to learn
data usingMATLAB,
the WebTo
formulated as an problem incorporating both wavelet and regularization.
Python
based and R programming
program languages were
file given in the paper.
strongly induceselecting input
wavelet sparsity, andtheout
approach formats. Also some sample
uses parameterized non-convex program
penaltycodes written in
functions.
MATLAB, Python, IDL and FORTRAN for wavelet data analysis and sources to learn MATLAB,
Key Words: Big data; MATLAB
Python and R programming languages were given in the paper.
Keywords:
Key Electroencephalogram
Words: Big data; MATLAB (EEG), Wavelet Transform, Total Variation, Regularization

- 61 -
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