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number AND algebra Patterns and algebra

Exercise
8g Multiplying and dividing expressions
Individual with variables
Pathways
Fluency
eBook plus
1 WE9 Simplify the following.
Activity 8-G-1 a 4 3g b 7 3h c 4d 6 d 3z 5
Who invented
algebra?
e 6 5r f 5t 7 g 4 3u h 7 6p
doc-2278 i 7gy 3 j 2 11ht k 4x 6g l 10a 7h
Activity 8-G-2 m 9m 4d n 3c 5h o 9g 2x p 2.5t 5b
Who is the father of q 13m 12n r 6a 12d s 2ab 3c t 4f 3gh
algebra? u 2 8w 3x v 11ab 3d 7 w 16xy 1.5 x 3.5x 3y
doc-2279
y 11q 4s 3 z 4a 3b 2c
Activity 8-G-3
Mathematician's 2 WE10 Simplify the following.
riddle 8f 6h 15 x
doc-2280 a b c d 9g 3
2 3 3
16m
e 10r 5 f 4x 2x g 8r 4r h
8m
3x 12h
i 14q 21q j k l 50g 75g
6x 14 h
8f
m n 35x 70x o 24m 36m p y 34y
24 f
20 d 64 q
q 27h 3h r s t 81l 27l
48d 44 q
3 Simplify the following.
15 fg 8 xy
a b 12cd 4 c d 24cg 24
3 12
11xy 9 pq 21ab 9dg
e f g h
11x 18q 28b 12 g
5 jk 10 mxy
i j 55rt 77t k l 36bc 27c
kj 35mx
16cd
m 13xy x n o 14abc 7bc p 3gh 6h
40 cd
132mnp 11ad bh
q r s 18adg 45ag t
60 np 66ad 7h
4 Simplify the following.
a 3 -5f b -6 -2d c 11a -3g
d -9t -3g e -5t -4dh f 6 -3st
g -3 -2w 7d h -4a -3b 2c e i 11ab -3f
j 3as -3b -2x k -5h -5t -3q l 4 -3w -2 6p
m -7a 3b g n 17ab -3gh o -3.5g 2h 7
p 5h 8j -k q 75x 1.5y r 12rt -3z 4p
s 2ab 3c 5 t -4w 34x 3 u -3ab -5cd -6ae
5 WE11 Simplify the following.
4 a 11ab
a b c 60jk -5k
8 33b

204 Maths Quest 8 for the Australian Curriculum


number AND algebra Patterns and algebra

32 g
d -3h -6dh e f -12xy 48y
40 gl
12ab 6 fgh
g h i -4xyz 6yz
14 ab 30 ghj
rt
j k -5mn 20n l -14st -28
6rt
ab 7dg
m 34ab -17ab n o
3a 35gh
28def
p -60mn 55mnp q r -72xyz 28yz
18d
54 pq 121oc
s t
36 pqr 132oct

Understanding

6 WE12 Simplify the following.


a 2a a b -5p -5p c -5 3x 2x
d ab 7a e 3b2 2cd f -5xy 4 8x
g 7pq 3p 2q h 5m n 6nt -t i -3 xyz -3z -2y
j -7a -3b -2c2 k 2mn -3 2n 0 l w2x -9z2 2xy2
m 2a4 3a7 n 2x2y3 x3 o 20m12 2m3
25 p12 4 q 7 8x3 7 y 2 2z 2 a ab 3b 2
p q r
15 p2 8q 2 6 x 14 y 5a 2 b 2
7 Simplify the following.
3 2 5b 4 b 5
a b c w
a a 2 3 w2
3rk 6st 15gt 2 g 4 ht 12hk
d e f
2s 5rt 10 ag 5t 3dk 9dt
5t 1 9th tg
g h reflection
gn g 4g 6h
4 xy x How is multiplication and division
10 f 5
i j of expressions with variables
7 wz 14 z 3w 9 wz similar to multiplication and
division of numbers?

8h Expanding brackets
The Distributive Law
The Distributive Law is the name given to the following process.
3(5 + 8) = 3 5 + 3 8
This is because the number out in front is distributed to each of the terms in the bracket.
Since variables take the place of numbers, the Distributive Law also holds true for algebraic
expressions.
a(b + c) = ab + ac

Chapter 8 Algebra 205