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CH141, Fall 2016 Practice Exam 1

Name: _______________________

Part I. Circle your answers

1. If a sample of matter is uniform throughout and cannot be separated into other substances by
physical means, it is _______.
A) a compound
B) either a compound or an element
C) a homogeneous mixture
D) a heterogeneous mixture
E) an element

2. What volume of 10.0 M H2SO4 is required to prepare 4.0 L of 0.50 M H2SO4?


A) 0.20 L
B) 0.40 L
C) 0.50 L
D) 1.0 L
E) 4.0 L

3. A solution of silver nitrate is mixed with a solution of potassium fluoride. If a precipitate forms,
the precipitate is:
A) Silver fluoride
B) Potassium nitrate
C) Potassium fluorate
D) Nitric fluoride
E) No precipitate is formed

4. If 5.0 mol of both hydrochloric acid and sodium sulfide are mixed and reacted according to the
equation below, how many moles of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are produced?
HCl + Na2S H2 S + NaCl
A) 1 mol
B) 1.25 mol
C) 2.5 mol
D) 3 mol
E) 5 mol

5. Which of the following is not a physical process?


A) distillation
B) filtration
C) chromatography
D) evaporation
E) none of the above
CH141, Fall 2016 Practice Exam 1
6. Of the choices below, which one is not an ionic compound?

A) PCl5
B) MoCl6
C) RbCl
D) PbCl2
E) NaCl

7. Boron has two naturally occurring isotopes, 10B with an atomic mass of 10.0129370 amu and 11B
with an atomic mass of 11.0093054 amu. The atomic mass of boron is 10.81 (from the periodic table).
The percent abundances of the boron isotopes are __________% 10B and __________% 11B.

A) 81.0, 19.0
B) 9.9, 90.1
C) 49.0, 51.0
D) 20.0, 80.0
E) 1.0, 99.0

Part II.

8. Complete the following table (all empty cells):

NAME FORMULA
Calcium chlorate

CBr4

Ammonium phosphate

Fe2O3

9. Complete the following table (all empty cells in both rows):

# of # of atomic mass
Symbol # of protons
neutrons electrons number number
51
V+5

18 18 34
CH141, Fall 2016 Practice Exam 1
10. Selenium, an element used in the manufacture of solar energy devices, forms an oxide that contains
only one atom of selenium (per formula unit) and is 37.8% oxygen by mass. What is the molecular
formula of the oxide?

11. A solution with a total volume of 1000.0 mL contains 37.1 g Mg(NO3)2. If you remove 20.0 mL of
this solution and then dilute this 20.0 mL sample with water until the new volume equals 500.0 mL,
what is the concentration of Mg+2 ion in the 500.0 mL of solution? What is the concentration of nitrate
ion?

Concentration of Mg+2 ____________________ Concentration of NO3___________________

12. For each question below, equal volumes of two aqueous solutions are mixed. List the species that
are present (ions, compounds, etc.) and their concentrations after mixing if they remain in solution.
Include the phases for the species present. You dont need to list water.

a) Equal volumes of a 1.0 M lead (II) nitrate mixed with 1.0 M sodium chloride

b) Equal volumes of 1.0 M ammonium carbonate mixed with 1.0 M potassium perchlorate
CH141, Fall 2016 Practice Exam 1

13. Solid sulfur and oxygen gas react to produce sulfur trioxide as shown below. In a particular
experiment, 5.0 g of O2 are reacted with 6.0 g of S8.

S8 (s) + O2 (g) SO3 (g)

a) If we assume complete consumption of the limiting reactant, what is the mass and identity of the
reactant that still remains at the end of the reaction?

c) What is the % yield of SO3 in this experiment if 7.9 g of SO3 are isolated?

14. An iron nail is suspended on a thin wire in a sealed jar of moist air. The surface of the nail
becomes red over time.

a) Describe what is happening to the mass of the nail over time.

b) List the chemical changes taking place in the jar.


1 18
1 2
IUPAC Periodic Table of the Elements
H He
hydrogen helium
1.008 2 Key: 13 14 15 16 17 4.003

3 4 atomic number 5 6 7 8 9 10

Li Be Symbol B C N O F Ne
lithium beryllium name boron carbon nitrogen oxygen fluorine neon
6.941(2) 9.012 standard atomic weight 10.81 12.01 14.01 16.00 19.00 20.18
CH141, Fall 2016

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
sodium magnesium aluminium silicon phosphorus sulfur chlorine argon
22.99 24.31 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 26.98 28.09 30.97 32.07 35.45 39.95

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
potassium calcium scandium titanium vanadium chromium manganese iron cobalt nickel copper zinc gallium germanium arsenic selenium bromine krypton
39.10 40.08 44.96 47.87 50.94 52.00 54.94 55.85 58.93 58.69 63.55 65.38(2) 69.72 72.64 74.92 78.96(3) 79.90 83.80

37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54
Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
rubidium strontium yttrium zirconium niobium molybdenum technetium ruthenium rhodium palladium silver cadmium indium tin antimony tellurium iodine xenon
85.47 87.61 88.91 91.22 92.91 95.96(2) 101.1 102.9 106.4 107.9 112.4 114.8 118.7 121.8 127.6 126.9 131.3

55 56 57-71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86
Cs Ba lanthanoids Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
caesium barium hafnium tantalum tungsten rhenium osmium iridium platinum gold mercury thallium lead bismuth polonium astatine radon
132.9 137.3 178.5 180.9 183.9 186.2 190.2 192.2 195.1 197.0 200.6 204.4 207.2 209.0

87 88 89-103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112
Fr Ra actinoids Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn
francium radium rutherfordium dubnium seaborgium bohrium hassium meitnerium darmstadtium roentgenium copernicium

57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71
La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Practice Exam 1

lanthanum cerium praseodymium neodymium promethium samarium europium gadolinium terbium dysprosium holmium erbium thulium ytterbium lutetium
138.9 140.1 140.9 144.2 150.4 152.0 157.3 158.9 162.5 164.9 167.3 168.9 173.1 175.0

89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103

Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr
actinium thorium protactinium uranium neptunium plutonium americium curium berkelium californium einsteinium fermium mendelevium nobelium lawrencium
232.0 231.0 238.0

www.iupac.org/reports/periodic_table This periodic table is dated 19 February 2010


2010 IUPAC, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

Useful Conversion Factors and Constants


1 mol = 6.022141 1023 R = 0.082058205 L-atm/mol-K

1 m = 1.0936 yd = 8.314472 J/mol-K

4.184 kJ = 1 kcal = 3.1415927

1 in = 2.54 cm (exact) c = 2.99792458 108 m/s