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Country Report

Cte dIvoire: By the numbers


A macroeconomic data and trends report on Cte dIvoire

In association with

Analyseafrica@ft.com | AnalyseAfrica.com
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Contents
Executive summary 4 Foreign Direct Investment 13 Labour 20
Who invests in Cte dIvoire?
Background 5 Telecommunications 21
Land, Resources, Population Trade 14 Telephones and broadband
Trade partners
Politics 7 Education 22
Governance, Political Stability Doing Business in Cte dIvoire 16 Literacy, Women in education
Economy 9 Banking and Finance 17 Healthcare 24
GDP composition, GDP growth, Public health
Focus on: Agriculture, Infrastructure 18
The National Development Plans Quality of infrastructure,
Focus on: Electricity

About the data


The report is based on data extracted from the Analyse Africa database, a service from the Financial Times. Report released March 2017.

Analyse Africa aggregates macroeconomic data from world renowned sources into one digital data platform. It features over 1.93 million data records for 5000+ indicators from 2000 to the
most recent year available. The data sources in this report, listed below, were accessed via www.AnalyseAfrica.com:

Central Intelligence Agency Inter-Parliamentary Union The World Bank


fDi Markets La Direction Gnrale du Conseil du Caf Cacao UNAIDS
European Forest Institute Mo Ibrahim Foundation United States Energy Information Administration
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Political Terror Scale World Economic Forum
Fund for Peace Transparency International World Health Organization
International Labour Organization United Nations Statistics Division
International Monetary Fund United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
International Telecommunication Union Organization (UNESCO)

Additional research was undertaken to supplement the report.


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Executive summary
Growing Population Agriculture is the largest sector of employment
Cte dIvoire has an estimated population of 23.25 million which has Approximately 8.38 million people are employed, 56% of which are
been growing at an average of 2.32% during the last decade. employed in the agriculture sector.

Infant mortality has fallen from approximately 87 deaths per 1000 births There are more mobile phone subscriptions than people
in 2007 to 57 deaths in 2016. The number of mobile phone subscriptions has increased by
approximately 23 million between 2005 and 2015 totalling
Peaceful elections in 2015 25.4 million.
The political environment has been more stable
in recent years, with improvements in both the Record year for Foreign Direct Investment
Mo Ibrahim Index and Fragile States Index. Inbound Greenfield FDI projects peaked in 2016, amounting to 33
projects. Building & Construction Materials and Communications
Fastest growing economy in sub-Saharan Africa are key sectors for Greenfield FDI.
In 2017, GDP is forecast to grow by 8% the fastest rate
in sub-Saharan Africa reaching $38.4 billion.
Worlds largest exporter of cocoa beans
Cte dIvoire is a net exporter. Exports totalled $11.84
The largest sector in Cte dIvoires economy, in terms of value
billion in 2015, with cocoa (43.3%) as the largest export
added, is the services sector, accounting for almost half (48.7%) of
commodity. Imports totalled $9.53 billion. Mineral fuels
total value added in 2015.
was the countrys largest import commodity, accounting
for over one fifth (22%) of total imports.
Cte dIvoire is the largest producer in the world of cocoa beans,
harvesting 1.43 million tonnes in 2014 (32.2% of world production).
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Background
DEMOGRAPHICS
Land Resources
Nationality
Cte dIvoire has a geographic area of 322,463 sq Cte dIvoires main natural resources are Ivorian
km (318,003 sq km of land and a water area of 4460 petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese,
sq km), the 69th largest globally. The country shares iron ore, copper, gold, nickel, cocoa beans, Ethnic groups
land borders with Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, cashew nuts, timber, coffee and palm oil. Akan (32.1%), Voltaique or Gur (15%), Northern
Liberia and Mali, totalling 3458 km. Mande (12.4%), Krou (9.8%), Southern Mande
Cte dIvoire has been affected by deforestation. (9%), and 21.7% identify as other or unspecified
Just under two thirds (64.8%) of land in Cte dIvoire Between 1960 and 2010, the countrys forest
is used for agricultural purposes (41.5% dedicated cover fell from 12 million hectares to 2.5 million Languages
to permanent pasture, 14.2% for permanent crops, hectares as the agriculture sector and cocoa French (official) and 60 native dialects, of which
and 9.1% for arable land); 32.7% is forest area; and production expanded. Deforestation rates Dioula is the most widely spoken
the remaining 2.5% is made up of built-up areas, remain high (around 4%), posing a threat to the
roads and other transportation means, barren and provision of environmental services which are Religion
waste land. essential for the countrys agricultural economy.* Muslim: 40.2%, Catholic: 19.4%, Evangelical:
19.3%, Methodist: 2.5%, other Christian: 4.5%,
Cte dIvoires capital city is Yamoussoukro, while animist or no religion: 12.8%, other religion/
the economic centre and largest city is Abidjan. unspecified: 1.4%

Birth rate
28.2 births out of every 1000 people
(2016 estimate)

Source: The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence


Agency, 2016

*Source: EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade


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Chart 2: Population age breakdown (% of total), Cte dIvoire, 2016

3.04 >65

4.17 55-64

Population 25-54

15-24

<14

20.33

In 2016, Cte dIvoire had an estimated population of 23.25 million which has
42.32
been growing at an average of 2.32% during the last decade. The population
is forecast to increase to 32.14 million by 2030. Like many other African
countries, Cte dIvoire has a growing youth population. In 2016, 62.65% of the
population was under the age of 24. While this can be a benefit as it provides 30.14

a large labour pool of working-age people, it poses challenges for the country
notably in education and employment.

Source: International Labour Organization 2016


Chart 1: Total estimated population (m) and growth rate (%), Cte dIvoire, 2000-2016
25 Growth
2.42
2.43 2.5
Cte dIvoire has a high infant mortality rate, albeit a declining one.
2.36 Population For every 1000 births, 57.2 babies will die before their first birthday.
This figure is the eighth highest in west Africa, 21st in Africa and
20
22nd globally. Mortality has, however, reduced in the last decade.
2.12
In 2007, Cte dIvoire had the fourth highest infant mortality rate in
west Africa, the seventh highest in Africa and 16th globally.
15
Population (mn)

Table 1: Estimated birth, fertility and mortality rates and percentage change, Cte dIvoire,
% growth

2.0
2005 and 2016*
10
Rate 2007 2016 % change
1.78

Birth rate
34.69 28.20 -18.70
(per 1000 people)
5
Fertility rate
4.43 3.46 -21.90
(per woman)
Infant mortality rate
0 1.5 87.41 57.20 -34.56
2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
(per 1000 births)
Source: International Labour Organization (ILO Department of Statistics) Source: The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016
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Politics GOVERNMENT
Table 3: Fragile States Index, score 0-120 and African rank*, selected African
Governance Form countries, 2005 and 2016
Presidential Republic. This means the
2005 Score 2005 African 2016 score 2016 African
The Mo Ibrahim Index of African Governance is an president holds significant power in the Location
(0-120) rank (0-120) rank
government and is independent of the
assessment of the quality of governance in African
legislature. The legislature is headed by Cte dIvoire 106.0 1 97.9 15
countries. Cte dIvoires Index score has improved
a Prime Minister who is appointed by the
since 2000, increasing from 39.9 to 52.3. In the 2015
President. The legislature is currently DRC^ 105.3 2 110.0 6
Report, Cte dIvoire ranked 21st out of 52 African
unicameral with an assembly of 255
countries, up five places from its 2014 ranking and 20 members who sit for a five year term.
Sudan 104.1 3 111.5 4
places since 2012. In regional terms, it ranked fifth out
Somalia 102.3 4 114.0 1
of 16 west African states in 2015. Head of state
President Alassane Ouattara (since 4 Sierra Leone 102.1 5 91.0 25
Table 2: Ibrahim Index of African Governance, score 0-100*, selected west
December 2010, returned on 25 October Source: Fragile States Index, Fund for Peace
African countries^, 2015
2015) and Vice President Daniel Kablan * The number of countries included in the ranking ranges from 28 to 54
African rank West African Score Duncan (since 10 January 2017) depending on the year and data available (1 = worst)
Location
(1-52) rank (1-16) (0-100) ^Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cte dIvoire 21 5 52.3 Head of government


Prime Minister Amadou Gon Coulibaly (since The Fragile States Index is a measure of how likely the
Ghana 8 2 63.9 10 January 2017) risk of state failure is based on social, economic, political
and military indicators. In 2005, Cte dIvoire scored 106
Mali 25 7 50.6
Suffrage out of 120, ranking as the state most likely to fail both
Nigeria 36 13 46.5 18 years old and above. Voting is universal regionally and globally due to the first Ivorian civil war.
However, Cte dIvoire has made significant progress
Senegal 10 3 60.8 Women in government and in 2016 it ranked as the 21st most stable globally and
Source: Analyse Africa analysis based on Ibrahim Index of African Governance, Women hold 23 seats in the Lower House 15th in Africa. The improvements can be attributed, in
Mo Ibrahim Foundation (9.2%) (2016) part, to the end of the conflict and peaceful elections
* [0 = low government performance; 100 = high government performance]
^ West African region is based on United Nations classification Source: The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central in 2015.
Intelligence Agency, 2016
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Political Stability

Cte dIvoires recent history has been marked by political turmoil, most notably between 2003 and 2006 during the Did you know?
first Ivorian civil war, and between 2010 and 2011 during the second Ivorian civil war. Political stability has improved with
peaceful elections in 2015. There are currently 3400 United Nations peacekeeping troops in the country, with plans for a Ex-Ivorian president
drawdown by June 2017. Laurent Gbagbo was
the first former head of
Despite ongoing issues, Cte dIvoire has improved across a number of indicators including controlling corruption, state to appear at the
effective government and political stability. As Graphic 1 shows, the decade between 2005 and 2015 has been marked International Criminal Court
by positive change. According to The World Banks World Governance Indicators, Cte dIvoire has improved its score in 2011, facing four charges
for political stability from -2.3 in 2005 to -0.86 in 2015. While this is still low, it shows great improvement. In comparison, of crimes against humanity
Botswana often hailed as Africas most democratic country scored +0.84 for control of corruption, +0.51 for government
effectiveness, and +1.03 for political stability and absence of violence and terrorism.

Graphic 1: Control of corruption, Government effectiveness and Political stability and absence of violence and terrorism, score -2.5 to +2.5*, Cte dIvoire, 2005 to 2015

-2.5 +2.5
2005 2010 2015 Control of corruption
-1.25 -1.14 -0.42 In the news

In 2016, a new constitution


-2.5 +2.5 was approved in efforts
2005 2010 2015 Government to calm social and political
-1.36 -1.26 -0.65 effectiveness unrest. In January 2017,
the countrys first vice
president was nominated,
the first of a number of
-2.5 +2.5
government reforms
2005 2010 2015 Political stability and
-2.30 -1.56 -0.86 absence of violence
Source: World Governance Indicators, The World Bank and terrorism
* [ -2.5 = weak governance performance; 2.5 = strong governance performance]
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Economy ECONOMY

GDP composition GDP, current prices (f), $


38.40bn
2017
The largest sector in Cte dIvoires economy, in terms of GDP per capita, current
1538
value added, is the services sector, accounting for almost prices (f), $, 2017
half (48.7%) of total value added in 2015. The industry sector
contributed 28.6% and the agricultural sector 22.7%. Growth in Interest rate, 2017* 4.5%

2015 Inflation (f), 2017 1.5%


Between 2012 and 2015, each of the broad sectors have, on
average, grown. Agriculture and industry grew by an average
Labour force (f), 15+, 2017 9.23m
of 7.2% per annum, and services by 9.2%. Services
+39.4% Unemployment rate (f), 15+,
9.45%
In 2017, Cte dIvoires GDP is forecast to total $38.4 billion. 2017

Industry Exports, $, 2015 11.84bn


Chart 3: Value added by sector (% of total value added), Cte dIvoire, 2015
+8.7%
Imports, $, 2015 9.53bn
Agriculture
22.7% +3.6% Key commodity Cocoa
Agriculture
Government revenue, $,
28.6% 6.84bn
2016
Industry
Government expenditure, $,
48.7% 8.17bn
2016
Services
Sources: International Labour Organization; International Monetary
Fund; The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence
Agency, 2016; DESA/UNSD, United Nations Comtrade database

*Data is based on the rate set by the BCEAO as of January 2017


Source: World Development Indicators, The World Bank
(f) = forecast
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Chart 4: GDP growth rate (%), constant prices, top five African economies, 2017

Libya 13.7%

GDP growth Cte d'Ivoire 8.0%

Ethiopia 7.5%
Between 2006 and 2010, Cte dIvoire witnessed modest GDP
growth, growing below the sub-Saharan regional average. In 2011, Ghana 7.4%

Cte dIvoire fell into recession. Its economy shrank by -4.2% in real
Tanzania 7.2%
terms. This was caused by the political crisis after the 2010 elections,
which ended in April 2011. Since then the west African country has World 3.4%

been booming. Between 2012 and 2016, its economy grew on average 2.9%
Sub-Saharan Africa
by 8.4% per annum, making it one of the top performers in Africa.
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14
%

Source: World Economic Outlook (October 2016), International Monetary Fund


Chart 5: GDP growth rate (%), constant prices, Cte dIvoire, 2006-2021
In 2017, the trend is expected to
12
continue with the economy forecast 10.1%
to grow by 8.0%, the fastest rate in 10
8.0%
sub-Saharan Africa. Only Libya (13.7%) 8
7.0%
is expected to grow faster, albeit
from a lower base. This impressive 6
growth has been aided by the National 4
Development Plan 2012-2015 and now %
1.5%
the 2016-2020 plan, which has helped 2
boost productivity across all sectors. 0

-2

-4
-4.2%
-6
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Source: World Economic Outlook (October 2016), International Monetary Fund
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Did you know?


Focus on: Agriculture
The minimum price paid to
farmers is 1100 CFA francs
Cte dIvoires agriculture sector is extremely important, employing approximately 56% of the ($1.79) per kilogram of cocoa
countrys total workforce in 2016. for the 2016/2017 season, an
increase of 10% compared to
The production of crops is a key area within the agriculture sector, contributing nearly 95% to the 2015/2016
value of total agriculture production. Cocoa beans are Cte dIvoires most valuable crop. In 2014, Source: La Direction Gnrale du Conseil
1.43 million tonnes were harvested (32.2% of world production). du Caf Cacao

Despite the fact that Cte dIvoire is the largest producer in the world it suffers from low productivity. Its crop yields have been falling on average each
year, with a yield of 701 kilograms per hectare (kg/ha) in 2000 compared to 522kg/ha in 2014. Mismanagement, crop disease and access to financing
all major problems. One of the main objectives of the National Development Plan 2016-2020 is to increase the output of agricultural products.

Chart 6: Cocoa bean production, % share, top 5 world producers, 2014 Chart 7: Cocoa bean yield, kilogram per hectare, Cte dIvoire, 2000-2014
800

701 686
Cte d'Ivoire 700

601
6.1% 19.8% 600
Ghana 542
522
6.2%

Kkilogram per hecttare


500
Indonesia
32.2% 400
16.4
Brazil 300
19.3%
200
Cameroon
100

Rest of the world


0
2000 2004 2008 2012 2014
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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Focus on: The National Development Plans


Did you know?
The National Development Plan 2016-2020 was announced on 9 December, 2015. It follows on from
the successful 2012-2015 plan and is based on the lessons learned from the previous period. The
In December 2016, the
main objectives are to help Cte dIvoire achieve emerging market status by 2020 and to establish
International Monetary Fund
it as one of the best business environments in Africa. Through the plan, the government hopes to approved $658.9 million
increase agricultural output, promote the manufacturing sector, improve the standard of living and to support Cte dIvoires
tackle poverty. National Development Plan
2016-2020
It is hoped that investment of $50 billion ($18.8 billion for the public sector and $31.2 billion for the
private sector) will help achieve GDP growth of at least 8% up to 2020 and increase share of value
added in the processing of commodities such as cocoa and coffee.

Between 2010 and 2015, the National Development Plan...


Constructed Increased GDP per Increased jobs in the
Connected formal sector by over

800 45 Built capita by


71
rural towns
middle schools
9291
...and
21% social housing
70,000
to the electric primary
school
3500 between 2012 and 2014 projects
in two years (2012-2014)
power grid secondary constructed
classrooms school
classrooms
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Who invests in Cte dIvoire?

Foreign Direct France is the leading source market for Greenfield FDI into

Investment France Cte dIvoire due to its historic relationship with the country.
27 projects Morocco has recently emerged as a key source market,
investing annually since 2013. This could be due to six bilateral
Greenfield FDI projects into Cte dIvoire reached a new peak agreements that were signed in March 2013 to promote co-
in 2016, totalling 33 projects. This could, in part, be attributed operation between the two states.
Morocco
to the lifting of economic sanctions against the country by the 17 projects Chart 9: Greenfield FDI projects into Cte dIvoire, by sector, 2006-2016
United Nations, European Union and the United States after
April 2016, as well as reflecting political and economic progress.
UK
Chart 8 shows the number of Greenfield FDI projects between 10 projects
25
2006 and 2016.
United Financial Services
States
Switzerland 9 projects
Chart 8: Greenfield FDI into Cte dIvoire, by project numbers, 2006-2016 9 projects Food & Tobacco
35

65 22 Communications

30
Business Services
Others
68 projects
25 Other

17
Number of projects

20
9

15
Source: fDi Markets

Cte dIvoires Greenfield FDI is diverse, receiving investments


10

5
across 23 sectors in the last 10 years. Financial Services
and Food and Tobacco have been the leading sectors since
0
2006. Combined they account for one third of total inward
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Greenfield projects. Communications and Business Services
Source: fDi Markets
*Data excludes retail projects
are the next most popular sectors for foreign investment.
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IMPORTS AND EXPORTS*

Trade Total exports, 2015: $11.84 bn Total imports, 2015: $9.53 bn

Top export commodities, 2015: Top import commodities, 2015:


Since 2005, the value of Ivorian exports have increased, on average, by over 5%
per annum, totalling $11.84 billion in 2015. However, the value of exports decreased Cocoa (43.3%) Mineral fuels (22.2%)
by 8.8% in 2015. This was aided by a weakening of the euro, to which the CFA Mineral fuels (16.8%) Nuclear reactors, boilers,
franc is pegged. Between 2014 and 2015 the euro fell in value from $1.33 to $1.11. Edible fruit and nuts (7.8%) machinery, etc (10.2%)
Pearls, precious stones, metal, Cereals (6.85%)
coins, etc (6.4%) Vehicles other than railway,
Cocoa bean exports have increased between 2005 and 2015, growing on average by 9.2% Rubber (4.3%) tramway (6.8%)
per annum. Cte dIvoire is the largest exporter in the world of cocoa beans, contributing Electrical, electronic equipment
48% of the value of global cocoa bean exports in 2015. (4.9%)
*Data based on two digit HS commodity codes

Chart 10: Total value of exports ($ bn), Cte dIvoire, 2005-2015 Chart 11: Total value of cocoa bean exports ($ bn), World total and Cte dIvoire, 2005-2015
14 12 World
12.99
12.08 11.84 10.04
12 10
11.05 10.86 9.41 Cte dIvoire
10.28 10.28
9.78
value of exports (US$, bn)

10 8.02

value of exports (US$, bn)


8.00 7.90
8 7.31 7.48
8.15 8.07
8 7.25
6 5.61
6 4.57
4.16 3.55
4 3.66 3.02
2.60 2.49 3.05
4 2.32
1.75 2.04
1.47 1.42 1.44
2
2

0 0
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Source: DESA/UNSD, United Nations Comtrade database Source: DESA/UNSD, United Nations Comtrade database
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Trade partners

The Netherlands is Cte dIvoires largest trading partner in terms of exports (12.1% of the total), while
Nigeria is the countrys largest import partner (15.2%). Cte dIvoires
top 5 import
Cocoa is the largest export to the Netherlands, totalling $1.3 billion. The largest import from Nigeria is mineral fuels, partners accounted
totalling $1.4 billion. for 49% of total
Ivorian imports in
Belgium 2015
Graphic 2: Top trade partners, ($ bn and % share), all commodities, Cte dIvoire, 2015 Netherlands
France

Cte dIvoires
Germany Exports
top 5 export
partners accounted
Imports
for 39.2% of total
Italy
Ivorian exports in

3
(13.

0.76
1.31

1.4

)
(6.

.1%
(6.5%)
2015
0.78
8%)

4%

(12
8
0.3
)

2
%) %)

0.7
.1 (4.0
(6
United States 0.96
China
(8.1% 1.1
)
(11.7%)

0.42 Cte dIvoire


(4.4% 1.44 Nigeria
)
(15.2%
)

Source: DESA/UNSD, United Nations Comtrade database


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Doing Business in Business


Cte dIvoire Reforms

Cte dIvoire is ranked 142nd globally and 21st in Africa for ease of doing
business, according to the Doing Business 2017 report published by the
Access to credit Dealing with
World Bank. information construction permits
has improved was made more
The west African country has improved its global rank by 23 places since by establishing transparent by making
the 2013 report, the fifth largest increase in Africa. It did, however, fall a new credit building regulations
bureau accessible online
three places when compared to last years report.

Despite ranking poorly on the overall ease of doing business, Cte


dIvoire ranks 50th globally in starting a business category its highest
ranking out of all the sub-categories. There have also been significant
improvements in the enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency
categories, primarily due to business reforms.
A new Enforcing contracts
conciliation procedure was made easier
It takes 55 days to has been introduced for by introducing a
companies in financial simplified fast-track
obtain a permanent
difficulties and a simplified procedure for
electricity preventive settlement small claims that
connection procedure for small allow for parties
It takes 7 days to compared to companies self-representation
start a business the sub-Saharan
compared to average of 120.4
the sub-Saharan days
average of 27.3
days
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Banking and finance 24%


have a mobile account

Cte dIvoire is regarded as having poor access to financial services. For example,
there is a lack of commercial bank branches in the country, with a rate of only two
branches per 1000 sq km ranking the nation 164th in the world. According to the
World Economic Forums Global Competitiveness Report, 22% of respondents In 2014, more adults in
said that access to finance was the most problematic factor for doing business
in Cte dIvoire. 15%
have a bank account
Cte dIvoire had mobile
money accounts than bank
accounts. The proportion
of adults with a mobile
However, mobile banking has been growing significantly, in part due to a lack
money account was the
of confidence in financial institutions caused by the political crisis and historic
problems within the banking sector. The number of registered mobile money
accounts increased between 2010 and 2014, as can be seen in Graphic 3.
5th
highest in the world
Graphic 3: Registered mobile money accounts per 1000 adults*, Cte dIvoire, 2010-2014

Did you know?


2010 123 Cte dIvoire is a member of the West African Economic and
Monetary Union (UEMOA), established in 1994. There are
currently seven other members: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-
Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. The Central Bank of
West African States (BCEAO) is the monetary institution of
UEMOA
2014 733 In 2014, the African Development Bank returned its
headquarters to Abidjan. It had been temporarily based in
Source: Financial Access Survey, International Monetary Fund Tunis, Tunisia since the outbreak of unrest in Cte dIvoire in
*An adult can have more than one registered account 2003
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Infrastructure In the news

According to the Global Competitiveness Reports executive opinion survey, In December 2016, the African Development Bank Group approved a
infrastructure in Cte dIvoire is among the best in Africa. It ranks sixth in Africa loan of $598 million to Cte dIvoire aimed at significantly improving
for overall quality of infrastructure, which includes areas such as transportation, urban transport in the city of Abidjan. The project will be implemented
communication and energy. between March 2017 and December 2021 and includes:

the development of 87.9 km of fast urban roads


Cte dIvoire performs relatively well for its quality of air, road and port
a 1400m bridge
infrastructure.
the rehabilitation of traffic lights at 89 intersections

2nd 2nd
Quality of air infrastructure in Quality of port infrastructure in Table 4: Quality of overall infrastructure, rating 1 7*, African top 6, 2016
Africa Africa Global rank
Location Rating (1-7) African Rank (1-35)
(0-138)

Rwanda 4.62 1 41

Mauritius 4.58 2 42

4 th
Namibia 4.53 3 45
Quality of road
infrastructure in Africa
Morocco 4.49 4 50

Kenya 4.30 5 56

Cte dIvoire 4.24 6 60

Source: Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, World Economic Forum


Source: Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, World Economic Forum *[1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient]
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Focus on: Electricity

In 2016, the National Development Plan was adopted as part of the governments aim to further develop
infrastructure in the country coinciding with the high rate of economic growth. It called for an expansion of the
energy sector through $20 billion investment by 2030 by the state and other donors. It also envisions adding
Did you know?
150 mw to the grid annually by 2020. The plan will give priority to hydro-electric projects.
Cte dIvoire is a net
Table 5: Quality of electricity supply, rating 1-7*, African rank and global 88% exporter of electricity.
rank, selected west African economies, 2016 of Ivorians in It is estimated that it
Cte dIvoires capacity for electricity generation Location Score (0-7)
African rank Global rank urban areas exported 1.74 billion
(1-35) (1-138)
has increased. In 2000, it had a capacity of 1 million have access to kWh in 2016
kW. By 2014, this had risen to 1.54 million kW the Cte dIvoire 3.58 8 100 electricity
third greatest capacity in west Africa after Ghana (2012)
(2.83 million kW) and Nigeria (9.95 million kW). Gambia 3.47 9 101

Mali 2.83 20 116


Graphic 4: Total installed electricity capacity (mn kW), Cte dIvoire, 2000-2014 Cte dIvoire had the
Liberia 2.82 21 117 cheapest electricity in
2014
2000 2004 2010 1.54 mn kW
west Africa in 2016:
Ghana 2.21 27 126
1.0 mn kW 1.2 mn kW 1.27 mn kW
13.9c
Nigeria 1.44 35 137 per kWh*
Source: Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, World Economic Forum
*[1 = extremely unreliable; 7 = extremely reliable]
23%
of Cte dIvoires
electricity supply
Cte dIvoire ranks number one in west Africa in came from renewable
terms of its quality of electricity according to the sources in 2013
Global Competitiveness Report. In Africa, it ranks
eighth with a score of 3.58 (see above). Globally,
however, Cte dIvoire ranks 100th out of the 138 Sources: Doing Business 2017, The World Bank; World Development
countries featured in the report. Indicators, The World Bank; United States Energy Information
Source: International Energy Statistics, United States Energy Information Administration
Administration *The price of electricity is expressed in US cents
Country Report | Cte dIvoire: By the numbers
www.AnalyseAfrica.com
20

Labour
In 2017, there will be an estimated 8.38 million people employed in Cte dIvoire, with a labour force participation
rate of 67%. Of those employed, approximately 62% are male and 38% female (ages 15+). EMPLOYMENT, 2017

The total number of people employed in each broad sector has increased annually since 2012, and this trend is Total, 15+ 8.38m
expected to continue in the future. The largest sector of employment is agriculture employing 56% of the total Total, male, 15+ 5.22m (62%)
workforce despite the fact that it only contributes around 18% to GDP.
Total, female, 15+ 3.15m (38%)
The share of those employed in agriculture has fallen from 60% in 2012 to 57% in 2016. It is forecast to fall further Agriculture, 15+ 4.69m (56%)
still to 53% by 2021. Both industry and services are expected to increase their share of employment by 2021, to Industry, 15+ 0.48m (6%)
6% and 41% respectively. Services, 15+ 3.21m (38%)
Chart 12: Employment by sector, persons (m), Cte dIvoire, 2012-2021
10 9.35
UNEMPLOYMENT, 2017
8.38
Total employment
8
7.27
Agriculture
Total unemployment, 15+ 0.86m
Industry Youth unemployment, 15+ 0.34m
6 Services Unemployment rate, 15+ 9.3%
Persons (mn)

Youth unemployment
rate, 15+ 13.8%
4

ANNUAL LABOUR COSTS, $


2

Minimum wage, 2016 1326

0
Sources: Doing Business 2017, The World Bank; International
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Labour Organization (ILO Department of Statistics)
Source: International Labour Organization (ILO Department of Statistics)
Country Report | Cte dIvoire: By the numbers
www.AnalyseAfrica.com
21

Telecoms Free roaming


Telephones and broadband The main forms of telecommunications in Cte By March 2017, roaming
Graphic 5: Number of mobile phone subscriptions (m), Cte dIvoire, 2005- dIvoire are the radio, television, mobile phones and charges between Burkina
2015
the internet. Radio stations are owned by both the Faso, Cte dIvoire,
2005 2.4 mn state and private organisations. As of 2015, there Guinea, Mali and Senegal
will not apply
2007 7.5 mn were no privately owned television stations, meaning
all televised news is state controlled. Since 2015,
Cte dIvoire has been installing digital transmitters
2009 13.2 mn around the country with plans to switch over to
digital broadcasting by 2020. Internet penetration remains low. There are only
an estimated 4.89 million internet users in Cte
dIvoire, or around 21% of the population.
2011 17.3 mn Like many other African countries, there has been
significant uptake of mobile phones. In 2015, it is Similar to the telephone market, internet access
estimated that there were only 277,248 landlines in in Cte dIvoire is dominated by mobile broadband
Cte dIvoire. On the other hand, there were 25.4 as opposed to fixed wired broadband. The cost of
million mobile phones. There was an average growth mobile broadband was much cheaper to have in
rate in mobile phone subscriptions of 17% between 2014 than fixed broadband.
2013 19.4 mn 2007 and 2015.
Table 6: Price of mobile and fixed broadband ($) and percentage of
average wage, Cte dIvoire, 2014

97.9%
Type Price ($) % of average wage

of the population were Mobile broadband* 10.11 9


covered by a mobile
network in Fixed broadband^ 37.50 33
2015 25.4 mn
2015 Sources: Analyse Africa based on International Telecommunication
Union and Doing Business 2017, The World Bank
*Data is correct for price of a 500mb plan
^Data is correct for monthly subscription charge
Source: International Telecommunication Union
Country Report | Cte dIvoire: By the numbers
www.AnalyseAfrica.com
22

Education
Chart 14: Enrolment in primary education and number of out-of-school children of primary age (m),
The education system in Cte dIvoire is comprised of three stages; Cte dIvoire, 2000-2015
primary education (free and compulsory, lasting six years), secondary
education (lasting seven years) and tertiary education. There are a 3.5
Enrolment in primary education
number of private education facilities in Cte dIvoire and 11 universities. 3.37

3.0 Out of school children of primary age

According to the World Economic Forums Global Competitiveness Report,


the quality of primary education in Cte dIvoire is improving, although 2.5

it remains relatively low. In 2016, it ranked seventh in Africa and third in 2.38

Number of children (mn)


west Africa after Cape Verde and Gambia, improving its rating from 3.05 2.0
1.94
in 2008 to 4.07.
1.5

1.41
1.13
Chart 13: Quality of primary education, rating 1-7*, selected west African countries, 2008-2016 1.0
Cte d'Ivoire
Gambia
5 0.75
Nigeria 0.5
Mauritania

4 0.0
2000 2009 2015

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), January 2017


3
Rating (1-7)

2
There are large numbers of Ivorian children not in the education system, and
schools suffer from high drop out rates. However, gradual improvements
are evident. Enrolment is increasing and dropout rates are declining. In
1
2015, there were 3.37 million children in primary education, compared
to 1.94 million enrolled in 2000, and the number of out of school children
0
2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
had decreased to 0.75 million (from 1.13 million). There are also increasing
numbers of girls attending primary school in 2000 the enrolment rate
Source: Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, World Economic Forum
*[ 1 = extremely poor primary education; 7 = excellent primary education]
was 48.28%, whereas in 2015 it had increased to 74.71%.
Country Report | Cte dIvoire: By the numbers
www.AnalyseAfrica.com
23

Women and education


Literacy Cte dIvoire suffers from widespread gender
inequality. These inequalities can be seen in literacy
Literacy rates in Cte dIvoire are low. In 2015, only
rates, attendance and enrolment:
50.24% of people aged between 15 and 24 could Table 7: Youth literacy, adult literacy and elderly literacy rate, Cte
dIvoire, 2000 and 2015
read and write, down 17% from 2000 when the rate
Rate 2000 2015 In 2014, only 38% of students were girls in public
was 60.72%. This could be attributed to the effects
education institutions
of nearly a decade of political instability and civil Youth literacy rate 60.72 50.24
conflict. Adult literacy rates have also fallen since
Adult literacy rate 48.74 43.27
2000 (48.74%), though the literacy rate of those aged
over 65 has increased. Elderly literacy In 2015, only 32.5% of Ivorian women were literate,
11.13 27.62
rate whereas 53.1% of Ivorian men could read and write*
Chart 15: Youth literacy rates (%, 15-24 year olds), selected west African Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), January 2017
countries, 2015
98.34

Cte dIvoire has one of the lowest youth literacy Of the estimated 1.59 million pupils that were
85.16 rates in west Africa. It ranks fourth lowest out of enrolled in secondary school in 2015, 41% were
female and 59% were male
the 16 states ahead of only Guinea (45.25%), Mali
73.19 (49.37%) and Niger (26.56%). Out of 52 African
67.37
countries, Cte dIvoire ranks 47th and globally,
out of 159 countries, ranks 154th. An Ivorian girl was only expected to spend 2.57
54.47
years at secondary school in 2015
52.55
50.24

Men are nearly 50% more likely to go to university in Cte dIvoire than
women; 64% of students in tertiary education were male in 2014
26.56

In the Global Gender Report 2016, Cte dIvoire ranked 136th out of 144
countries overall and 139th out of 144 in terms of its educational attainment

Cape Togo Gambia Sierra Liberia Benin Cte Niger


Verde Leone dIvoire Sources: The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016;
Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), January 2017 UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), January 2017; World Economic Forum
*Data reflects men and women aged 15 and over
Country Report | Cte dIvoire: By the numbers
www.AnalyseAfrica.com
24

Healthcare
HEALTH
Until 2012, the healthcare system in Cte dIvoire was
free to all Ivorians. However due to unsustainable costs Table 8: Life expectancy at birth and African rank, selected African Life expectancy at birth
and demand, free healthcare was cut and is now only economies, 2016* 58.7 years
available to expectant mothers and their children. Life expectancy African rank
Location
(years) (1-52)
Infant mortality rate
Cte dIvoire spent 5.72% of its GDP on health in 2014, Morocco 76.9 1 57.2 deaths per 1000 live births. This places
just below the African average of 6%. This figure has Cte dIvoire 22nd globally (2016)
reduced year on year since 2011 from a 6.42% high, Eritrea 64.9 12
despite the ongoing healthcare issues in the country. In Maternal mortality rate
Cte dIvoire 58.7 32 645 deaths per 100,000 live births (2015)
2014, 70.6% of the total amount spent on health in Cte
dIvoire came from private sources, the fourth highest
Uganda 55.4 41 Health expenditure
in west Africa.
5.7% of GDP (2014)
Chad 50.2 52
The number of medical staff in Cte dIvoire is low. This HIV/Aids prevalence in adults
Source: The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence
is in part due to political instability within the country Agency, 2016 3.17% of 15-49 year olds (2015)
and brain drain. According to the United Nations *Includes estimates
International Childrens Emergency Fund (UNICEF), Children under 5 underweight
thousands of health and medical workers were displaced Life expectancy in Cte dIvoire is low, ranking 32 nd 15.7% (2012)
or left the country because of conflict. In 2010, it was in Africa and 203rd globally (out of 224 countries).
estimated that there were 0.14 physicians and 0.48 The average lifespan is 58.7 years old. Females are Prevalence of adult obesity
nurses and midwives per 1000 people. In comparison, more likely to outlive males living at 65.4 years to 8% (2014)
in Egypt there were 3.52 nurses and midwives and 60.7 years respectively. Source: The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central
2.83 physicians per 1000 people. However, within west Intelligence Agency, 2016
Africa, Cte dIvoire had the second highest amount of
physicians per 1000 people, behind Cape Verde (0.30
per 1000).
Country Report | Cte dIvoire: By the numbers
www.AnalyseAfrica.com
25

Public health
HIV/Aids was more
prevalent in Cte
Did you know?
STOP
dIvoire in 2014 than
in Nigeria (3.2%),
affecting
Cte dIvoire (66.6 per
1000 births) had a higher
EBOLA
Top five causes of death, Cte dIvoire (2012)
3.5% infant mortality rate in
2015 than conflict-ridden
of 15-49 year olds South Sudan (60.3 per
Did you know?
1 HIV/Aids
1000 births)
Despite sharing a border with three
of the worst-affected west African
Lower
21,000 Immunisation coverage is states in 2013, Cte dIvoire escaped
respiratory
infections
2 estimated new HIV/ increasing. In 2014, the Ebola epidemic. This is mainly
due to a vast government awareness
Aids infections in
Cte dIvoire in 2015 76% campaign, as well as banning
of children under 2 international flights and border
3 Malaria were vaccinated against
diphtheria but this had
crossings from the affected countries

risen to

83%
Diarrhoeal
diseases 4 An estimated in 2015 In 2015,
77.5%
8.7m 31.2% of Ivorians did not
have access to
Ivorians had malaria with approximately of Ivorians in rural
5 Stroke
in 2013
16,000
areas did not have
access to clean
proper sanitation
facilities in 2015
dying from the water
disease
Sources: BBC News; World Development Indicators, The World Bank; World Health Organization; The World Factbook 2016. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2016; UNAIDS
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