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RESTART OF CNG (COMPRESSED

NATURAL GAS) IN EUROPE

Kral Vaclav
Czech NGV Association
MOTOR JIKOV Strojirenska
CONTENT

PRESENTATION OF COMPANY MOTOR JIKOV

CNG ADVANTAGES, ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF CNG

FUEL COST COMPARISON AND OTHER BENEFITS

EU TARGETS, ACTUAL SITUATION

NATURAL GAS VEHICLES (NGVs)

REFUELING TECHNOLOGIES

SWOT ANALYSIS, SUMMARY AND GOALS

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COMPANY MOTOR JIKOV YOUR PARTNER IN CNG
FILLING TECHNOLOGIES

The tradition 114 years of the machinery production


It achieved sales of EUR 51 mil. (2012), 800 employees, worldwide export to 26 countries

expert consulting in CNG business


case study of CNG filling technology according to customer needs
calculation of return on investment
production of vehicle refuelling appliance CNG JIKOV
construction of filling stations, including all project activities and engineering
service of filling technology
we founded the Association NGVA. It is the NGVA Europe member we realize the
project Strategic research agenda (cooperation of leading R&D representatives with
technology suppliers and engineers from the Czech Republic)
with the Ministries of the Czech Republic cooperate in the creation of the National
Programme for clean mobility

We also use CNG meanwhile in 50 % of the fleet of our company vehicles:


saving for the year 2012 in the fuel cost is EUR 59,000.-
1 kilometer = 0.035 EUR
forklift-trucks = 50% savings
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CNG ADVANTAGES

environmental (lower emission of CO2, particles, CO, HC, NOx etc.),

economic (due to tax policy it is the cheapest fuel in Czech republic now)

strategic (alternative fossil fuel, increasing resources compared to oil, the


possibility of using biogas)

safe (CNG is lighter than air - vehicles are safer, parking in underground
parking is possible)

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ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS

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Well-to-Wheel CO2 emission

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FUEL COST COMPARISON*

VW Passat Variant 1,4 TSI EcoFuel 1,4 TSI 2,0 TDI BMT
Power kW 110 118 103
Fuel CNG Gasoline diesel
Fuel consumption combined kg, l / 100 km 4,3 6,2 5,2
Fuel price average / kg, l 0,99 1,34 1,32
Fuel cost / 1 km 0,043 0,083 0,069
Fuel cost per year / 50.000 km 4 150 3 450
2 150
Saving per year / 50.000 km - 2 000 - 1 300

CO2 emission g / km 119 144 135


CO2 emission per year kg / 50.000 km 7 200 6 750
5 950
CO2 emission saving per year kg / 50.000 km - 1 250 - 800

New car price (Highline, DSG)** 31 270 32 115


33 420
Price increase + 2 150 + 1 305

* in Czech republic
** basic pricelist

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OTHER BENEFITS OF CNG

Using CNG in transport can further achieve:


increase of the state energetic independence
use of power source - there are double global resources compared to oil
a way to further development of bio-CNG (same technologies vehicles, filling)
support of european industry (producers of NGVs, compressors, cylinders,
conversion kits)

Using biomethane in transport industry then can achieve:


further reduction of emissions compared to CNG (e.g. CO2 neutral balance)
own production of biogas station power source, which means:
fully renewable power source (using biomass, wastes, manure)
reduction of dependency on oil import and consequently natural gas
creation of jobs in Europe (agriculture, industry)

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EU TARGETS

EC implemented a program for use of alternative fuels with the target to replace the
traditional fuels in 2020 in the volume of 20 %. Among alternative fuels, which can
replace over 5% consumption of motor fuels in the next 20 years it includes:

biofuels already used, e.g. biomethane;

natural gas application in medium-term horizon. Not LPG;

hydrogen and fuel cells application in long-term horizon.

Czech Republic joined this target in 2005 in form of Government Decree No. 563
dated 11 May 2005 (Alternative fuel transportation program natural gas) and
Government Decree No. 1592 dated 16 December 2008 (Fleet replacement program
of public administration as "environmentally friendly" vehicles).

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EU TARGETS

Implementation based on voluntary agreement between the state and gas


companies dated 16th March 2006. Building of one hundred CNG filling stations
worth CZK 1 billion by 2020 on economically advantageous conditions belongs
among the commitments of gas companies.

It further results from the Agreement that the transport company, which decides to
change its fleet fuel to CNG, will be provided building of CNG filling station at the
expenses of a gas company plus a marketing allowance.

Support of ecological fuel vehicles (urban transport) is also a part of Regional


Operation Programs. Building of accompanying infrastructure may be also
accentuated.

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CNG IMPLEMENTATION IN EU
COUNTRIES - SUPPORT

Concept of gas implementation in transport area is a part of transport and eco-policy.

Programs of gas implementation in transport area initiated and supported by state or


municipalities. They are usually a part of system support of urban transport development.

Tax benefit of natural gas considering a fuel is guaranteed for longer period (road and
consumer tax) or there exists a long-term guarantee of the tax difference for natural gas and
oil. Reduction of income tax of companies; zero tax on natural gas.

Subsidies for infrastructure development of CNG filling stations.

Direct subsidies for extra costs related to operation of gas buses.

Direct subsidies for purchase of gas vehicles no older than 3 years.

Gas implementation in transport is supported by legislation, research and development,


promotion.

Gas vehicles in city centers are privileged (green zones; parking; preferential lanes; TUT
project in Berlin).
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EU TARGETS?

Contrary to that is a preparation of new Directive 2003/96/EC, which would


mean an essential power taxation within EU (from 2018 there would be
paid tax of EUR 0,4 per every 1 m3 of natural gas used in transport).

Consumer tax in the Czech Republic:

dddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd
dd 2007 2011 tariff 0 CZK/t (0 CZK/m3);
2012 2014 tariff 500 CZK/t (0.36 CZK/m3);
2015 2017 tariff 1.000 CZK/t (0.7 CZK/m3);
2018 2019 tariff 2.000 CZK/t (1.4 CZK/m3);
from 2020 tariff 3.355 CZK/t (2.36
CZK/m3), or minimal level according to EU.

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ACTUAL SITUATION

EC action plan (2001) replacement of fossil fuels, 3 technologies with


such potential biofuels, natural gas, hydrogen / fuel cells

European development scenario by 2020


23.5 million vehicles using natural gas
47 billion m3 of natural gas as motor fuel
200 thousand of natural gas filling stations

Year 2012
total NGVs in EU 985,000
2,371 public CNG stations in EU

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CUSTOMER PREFERENCE

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NGVs available

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NGVs available

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RANGE OF CNG REFUELLING
TECHNOLOGIES

MJ COMPACT 05 MJ VARIANT MJ COMPACT PLUS MJ SAT

Direct (slow) filling Fast filling

1 compressor 2 - 4 compressors 1 - 2 compressors 1 - 2 compressors


Storage capacity up to Storage capacity 1680 l Storage
980 l Dispenser Dispenser
Dispenser Compact product Payment terminal
Building
5 m3/hour 20 - 40 m3/hour > 70 m3/hour
15.000 m3/year 10 - 20 m3/hour 60 - 180.000 m3/year > 200.000 m3/year
20 - 200 thous. km/year 20 - 60.000 m3/year 800 2.400 thous.km/y public station
1 5 pas. Car 200 800 thous.km/y 20 60 pas. cars buses
5 - 20 pas. cars
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SWOT ANALYSIS

Strengths Weaknesses
ecologic and economic benefits current EU goals vs. goverment policy and realization
NGVs produced by strong OEMs car buyers are not informed about CNG - no real PR
turbocharged engines optimal for CNG (not for LPG) weak range of car models
filling technologies are available (small and big compressors) vehicles with "short" driving range
nationwide gas network poor volume of public filling stations
valid standards for vehicles and filling stations energy agents are not motivated for selling of CNG
fuel resources are growing unilateral support of the E-mobility
still problematic underground parking
Opportunities Threats
growing market driver scepticism/conservatism
bio-methane availability oil lobby (LPG incl.)
natural gas and bio-methane are part of EU reduction targets equal tax treatment for CNG and LPG
further vehicle launches are expected (Skoda, Audi) energy tax appreciation
further expansion of public filling station marginalization of well to wheel analysis
home VRAs and small filling stations in companies
close cooperation of vehicle manufacturer, gas company and
supplier of filling technology
win-win effect for environment and health of inhabitants,
support for competitiveness, science and research and also
savings for drivers

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SUMMARY AND GOALS

CNG is worldwide, well proven, ecological friendly and ecomonic alternative for
oil fuels. It is solution which can quickly contribute for the sustainable mobility.

customers look for savings of fuel costs and they are getting to interest in
environmental aspects of transportation => improve marketing of CNG

insufficient refueling infrastructure and poor portfolio of NGVs constrain potential


customers => extension of the number of vehicles; increase of running range.

Extension of all sizes of filling infrastructure (home, company, public), increase of


CNG production and vehicle filling efficiency is needed.

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SUMMARY AND GOALS

general support from public sector (not only for busses and in named regions)
is crucial factor for extension of CNG and BIO-CNG in this phase (using NGVs,
legislation, taxes, infrastructure, direct support, temporary compensation of higher
purchase prices of NGVs etc.)

reduction of legislation limitations; research support

assessment of fuels according to well-to-wheel potential

closer cooperation of vehicle, filling technology manufacturers, gas companies


and R&D subjects is needed

verify biomethane effect on CNG technologies

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WWW.JIKOVCNG.CZ WWW.NGVAEUROPE.EU WWW.NGVA.CZ

Kral Vaclav
member of the board of Czech NGV Association
CNG sales manager of MOTOR JIKOV Strojirenska
mobile: 00420 606 964 440
email: vkral@mjs.cz

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