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# Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Reg.

No

## MANIPAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, MANIPAL

(A Constituent Institute of Manipal University, Manipal)

## ELE 205 : ELECTRICAL MACHINES- 1

Time: 3 hours 09 December 2013 Max. Marks: 50
Note: Answer any FIVE full questions.
Graph sheet shall be supplied, if necessary
Missing data, if any, may be suitably assumed.

1 A. A 25 KVA, 11 kV/400 V, 50 Hz single phase transformer has a no load losses of 700 W and full load
ohmic losses of 1200 W. The full load voltage regulation at 0.8 pf lagging is 13.5%.
(i) Obtain the readings of meters connected on HV side during short circuit test.
(ii) Maximum efficiency at upf. 6
1 B. Draw the connection diagram for Sumpners test on two similar single phase transformer. Explain
how the equivalent circuit parameters of each transformer are computed using test readings. 4

## 2 A. Discuss different methods for cooling transformers based on their rating. 3

2 B. A single phase transformer has an equivalent impedance of (0.00342 +j 0.0094) referred to its
secondary side. Similar impedance for another transformer is (0.00347 +j 0.0197) . The two
transformers are connected in parallel to share a total load impedance of (0.16+ j 0.12) . The
0 0
respective secondary voltages at no load are 105 V 0 and 115 3 V. Determine
(ii) Common terminal voltage.
(iii) Current and power factor of each transformer when loaded as above. 5
2 C. Write technical note on Inrush current in transformers. 2

## 3 A. With a neat diagram, explain the on-load tap changer operation. 3

3 B. Two single phase furnaces are supplied by two phases of a Scott connected transformers each at
100 V from a 3 phase, 500 V supply. The furnace connected to the teaser transformer takes 10 kW
while the other furnace consumes 5 kW, both at upf. Determine
(i) Transformation ratios of the transformers,
(ii) Three line currents drawn from the supply.
Draw the phasor diagram on both primary and secondary. 5
3 C. Explain the voltage build-up in a DC shunt generator when driven at rated speed. 2

4 A. What do you mean by under commutation in DC generators? Discuss its effect on the operation of
the machine and suggest a method to compensate the same. 3
4 B. A 3 phase, 50 Hz, 12 pole, 420 V delta connected induction motor has the following equivalent
circuit parameters:
Stator impedance = (2.95 + j 6.82) per phase;
Stand still rotor impedance referred to stator = (2.08 + j 4.11) per phase.
When running at 4 % slip, determine:
(i) Electrical input to the motor (ii) Stator and Rotor copper losses
(iii) Useful torque if rotational losses are 750 W (iv) Efficiency 7

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5 A. Draw a neat sketch of a 3-point starter used for DC shunt motors. Explain how it protects the
machine under low voltage and over load conditions. 4
5 B. A 230 V DC shunt motor has an armature resistance of 0.2 and shunt field resistance of 75 .
When drawing a line current of 60 A, the speed is 1200 rpm developing certain torque. It is desired
to increase the speed by inserting 20 resistance in series with field circuit, maintaining the same
torque. Determine the new speed of the motor. 6

6 A. With relevant justification, compare the torque developed in single and double cage induction
motors. 4
6 B. A 20 HP, 400 V, 50 Hz, 4 pole, 3 phase star connected slip ring induction motor gave the following
test results:
No load test: 400 V, 9 A, 1310 W;
Blocked rotor test: 200 V, 50 A, 7100 W;
Assume stator resistance = rotor resistance referred to stator = 0.5 per phase
Stator to rotor phase turns ratio = 1.75
Draw the circle diagram and calculate:
(i) Line current, power factor and efficiency at rated load.
(ii) External resistance to be added in rotor circuit to get maximum torque at starting. 6

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