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OF

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

IV Year B Tech I Semester (2017-2018)

Ibrahimpatnam, Ranga Reddy District 501 506 (T.S)

OPERATIONS RESEARCH(A70352)

1

CONTENT

PART A

I GENERAL INFORMATION 3

II ACADEMICS (PEOs,POs) 4

PART B

1 OPERATIONS RESEARCH(A70352) 15

CHECK LIST

1.Syllabus

2.Lesson plan

4.Assignment questions

2

PART A

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

Guru Nanak Institute of Technology was established in 2008 with a single -

minded aim to provide a perfect platform to students in the field of Engineering,

Technology and Management for their academic and overall personality development.

The College is approved by AICTE and affiliated to JNTUH, Hyderabad. At present

the College offers Six B. Tech programmes in EEE& IT with intake of 60 in each,

ECE& Civil and Mechanical Engineering with an intake of 120 and CSE with an

intake of 180.

Highlights:

Teaching methodology involves technical case studies, creative exercises, online

assignments & descriptive tests.

E-class rooms

Industry focused knowledge is imparted by R & D and Industry peer members.

Tie up with MNC companies and foreign Universities

State of art laboratories, sophisticated equipment and advanced software

Library is equipped with National and International Journals, 50000 volumes and

more than 7500 titles of books, NPTEL, SONET CDs and internet lab for students

and staff.

IEEE online journals and IEL online journals through AICTE INDEST

CONSORTIUM

Wi-Fi campus with 12 Mbps bandwidth.

Oracle, Microsoft Development suite, Microsoft academic license for Microsoft

Software Products, Ansys ,Proe softwares are available

State of art English Language lab and 800 computers connected with dedicated

high-end servers.

Scholarship and free books for meritorious students.

Book Bank Scheme facility to the students.

A new and unique Laptop lab with latest configuration Most of the classrooms are

fixed with LCDs and screens.

3

All major professional societies student chapters like ISTE, CSI, IETE and IEEE,

SAE etc.

Large Number of students placed with Microsoft Inc, Infosys, Mahindra Satyam

Ltd, Infosys, IBM, TCS, ADP, Wipro, Sutherland Technologies, CMC,

SEMANTIC SPACE and InfoTech Enterprises.

Industry experts are invited for guest lectures, seminars and student presentations

to maintain a strong Industry and Institution Interaction. Also, industrial visits are

arranged for students to enrich their knowledge.

Contact Information

Vice Principal : Dr.M.Narendra Kumar 8096609840

HOD EEE : Dr.R.Vinothkanna 8498056996

HOD CSE : Dr. Senthil Kunar 8096609826

HOD IT :Dr. Subramanyan 8096609828

HOD ECE : Prof. B.Kedarnath 80966 09829

HOD MECH : Dr. B.Vijay Kumar 80966 09836

HOD CIVIL : Prof.Madhan Mohan 8096609827

HOD H & S : Dr. G.Srinivas 8096195678

Manager Admin : Mr. Col (Retd) Rajesh Kumar 8096611000

Administrative officer : Mr. S Antony 8297975251

Transport Officer : Mr. Sattar 8096609841

II. ACADEMICS

Mechanical Engineering

offering under graduate program now with an intake of 120. The prime objective of the

course is to provide students with a sound mechanical engineering education, advanced

learning methods and applications of mechanical engineering principles. The department

provides facilities for students to learn soft skills and achieve holistic personality. Majority of

the faculty members are actively involved in research activities in the fields of their

4

specialization. They have published a good number of research papers in

International/National Journals and International/ National Conferences. The faculty in the

department interacts closely with industry enabling the graduates completely successful not

only at the national level but also at the global level. Metal joining technology, Nano

Technology, Vibration and Stability of Fluid conveying pipes and Exhaust emission analysis

of Dual fuel engines are the thrust areas of research.

VISION

MISSION

their pursuit of Mechanical Engineering.

2. Nurture the faculty to expose them to world-class infrastructure.

3. Sustain high performance by excellence in teaching, research and innovations.

4. Extensive partnerships and collaborations with foreign universities for technology

upgradation.

5. Develop Industry-Interaction for innovation and product development.

QUALITY POLICY

GNIT is committed to provide quality education through dedicated and talented Faculty,

World- class infrastructure, Labs and Advanced Research Center to the students.

PEO 1: Graduate shall have the ability to apply knowledge and Technical skills across the

disciplines and in emerging areas of Mechanical Engineering for higher studies, research,

employability and handle the realistic problems.

PEO 2 : Graduates shall possess managerial skills , maintain ethical conduct, sense of

responsibility to serve the society and protect the environment.

PEO 3: Graduates shall possess academic excellence with innovative insight, soft skills,

leadership qualities, knowledge of contemporary issues for successful professional career.

b. An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data.

5

c. An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs within

realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and

safety, manufacturability, and sustainability.

d. An ability to function on multidisciplinary teams.

e. An ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems.

f. An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.

g. An ability to communicate effectively.

h. The broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a

global, economic, environmental, and societal context.

i. A recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.

j. A knowledge of contemporary issues.

k. An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for

engineering practice.

OUTCOMES (PO) FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

educational j k

a b c d e f g h

Objectives i

I

II

III

Faculty Strength

Professors and Assistant Professors. An experienced System Administrator and well-qualified

programmers will conduct the Laboratories.

FACULTY LIST

1 Dr.S.SREENATHA REDDY principal 8096609821 principal.gnit@gniindia.org

HOD &

2 Dr.B .VIJAYA KUMAR 8096609836 hodme.gnit@gniindia.org

Professor

3 Dr.V.SITARAM PRASAD Professor 9849329809 vsrprasad@yahoo.com

4 Dr.R.DHANASEKARAN Professor 9043793491 dhanagni@gmail.com

5 Mr.M. SRIHARI Asst Prof 9618272335 msrihari344@gmail.com

6 Mr. B.PRAVEEN KUMAR Asst Prof 8499993877 praveenbereddy@gmail.com

7 Mr. SK. HIMAM SAHEB Asst Prof 9949019555 himam.mech@gmail.com

8 Mr. A. VIJAY KUMAR Asst Prof 7036463491 vijaykumar.amicable@gmail.com

9 Mr. K.GOVARDHANA REDDY Asst Prof 8096039696 gova305@gmail.com

10 Mr. JAYANTH IVVALA Asst Prof 8978066556 ijayanth@outlook.com

11 Mr.K. DAYAKAR Asst Prof 9704121602 kolluru.dayakar@gmail.com

12 Mr.SK . AZGER PASHA Asst Prof 9553313925 azger.mecheng@gmail.com

6

13 Mr. BASAVARAJA K.T Asst Prof 7075101218 basavaraj.kt5@gmail.com

14 Mr. MD.HAMEED Asst Prof 9440206860 mdhameed.mech@gmail.com

15 Mr. K. RAVI SANDEEP KUMAR Asst Prof 8099514020 konadeep@gmail.com

16 Mr. T. JAYA SRI RAM Asst Prof 9542630628 jayasriramt@gmail.com

17 Mr.M. SAMPATH KUMAR Asso. Prof 9948024576 loginsampath@gmail.com

18 Mr.A. YOGESH Asst Prof 9493037075 yogesh.avula@gmail.com

19 Mr. MARUTHI S.W Asst Prof 7204543401 maruti.sw@gmail.com

20 Mr.T.VENKATA RAMANA Asst Prof 9963376589 ramana302i@gmail.com

21 Mr.R.SATEESH KUMAR Asst Prof 9538574577 sateeshrevoor413@gmail.com

22 Mrs. SAKE VIJAYANIRMALA Asst Prof 9502646643 nirmala.vijji@gmail.com

23 Ms.M. SRAVANTHI Asst Prof 9490912468 mamidi.sravanthi91@gmail.com

24 Mr. N. RAMULU Asst Prof 9676431345 nenavathramulunaik@gmail.com

25 Mr. M.SREEDHAR Asst Prof 9041160436 madhanasreedhar@yahoo.com

26 Mr .Asit kumar parida Asst Prof 8895824689 asitkzone4u@gmail.com

27 Ms .V. PRAMILA Asst Prof 8008656437 salima342@gmail.com

28 Mr.P. JAYAKRISHNA Asst Prof 9491997264 jaya27by4@gmail.com

29 Mr.M.PRUTHVIRAJ Asst Prof 8496992434 psmudbi@gmail.com

30 Mr.SRINIVAS REDDY Asst Prof 7329838489 srinivasreddy.8619@gmail.com

31 Mr. S.SURESH Asst Prof 09986774711 suresh.rec74@gmail.com

32 Mr.PRADEEP.C Asst Prof 09036766959 ncp47@yahoo.com

33 Mr.VINOD ANGADI Asst Prof 8147720074 vin.angadi@gmail.com

34 Mr.KRISHNA KANTH.B Asst Prof 9590474101 bholekk@gmail.com

35 Mr. PRAVEEN.S Asst Prof 08147363630 prvns83@gmail.com

36 Mr.VIRAN KUMAR Asst Prof 8978645134 viranmec@gmail.com

7

LIST OF NON TEACHING MEMBERS

1 Mr. K Vidya sagar Lab Assistant

2 Mr. D Praveen Lab Assistant

3 Mr. V Sandeep Lab Assistant

4 Mr. V Bramhaiah Lab Assistant

5 Mr. Zafer ali khan Lab Assistant

6 Mr. S Naveen Kumar Lab Assistant

7 Mr. K Surya Narayana Lab Assistant

8 Mr. Krishna Murthy Lab Assistant

1 Conducting Workshop on 1 day

Advanced welding

2 Techniques for 2nd 3rd & 4th

years

3 Seminars for all years 1 day

4 NSS program for all years 2 days

5 Industrial Visit 2 days

6 Guest Lecture 3 days

a. Equipment in the lab for the use of student community. Students must use the

equipment with care. Any damage caused is punishable.

b. Students should carry their observation book along with the record book with

completed exercises/ calculations while attending the lab.

c. Students are supposed to occupy the experiment setup allotted to them and

maintain discipline in the lab.

d. Labs can be used in free time / lunch hours by the students with prior permission

from the lab in-charge.

e. 15 marks are awarded for continuous evaluation in the laboratory. Lab records

need to be submitted on or before date of submission

8

III. MONITORING AND GUIDANCE

1. Student Feedback

In case the students find it difficult to cope up / understand a particular subject, they

are advised to discuss it with the concerned Teacher /The Class Teacher/Counselor/HOD/

Principal.

Students can use the suggestion boxes for communicating their problems. Necessary

action will be taken by the concerned authorities. If required, Principal/HOD will discuss the

student to solve the problems.

Class Teacher:

1 Mr. MARUTHI S.W II MECH-A 7204543401

2 Mr.M.PRUTHVIRAJ II MECH-B 8496992434

3 Mr.A.YOGESH II MECH-C 9493037075

4 Mr.N.RAMULU III MECH-A 9676431345

5 Mr. PRAVEEN.S III MECH-B 08147363630

6 Mr.PRADEEP.C III MECH-C 09036766959

7 Mr. A.VIJAY KUMAR IV MECH-A 7036463491

8 Mr. S.SURESH IV MECH-B 9986774711

Counselor:

One counselor is assigned to a group of 30students. Students can directly discuss their

college related or personal problems related to academics with them. The Counselors are

accessible to the students and they can talk to them, whenever they are free from class / lab

work. Counselors will interact with the students once in a fortnight and discuss the progress.

Two students from each class are selected as Class representatives from the

department based on their academic performance and discipline.

Communicating the departmental / college directives & information to the students.

Communicating the Problems faced by the students and also communicating the

suggestions for improvement.

Coordinating academic events and co-curricular activities.

9

Encourage students to interact for better studies& sharing the knowledge and information.

16831A0334 Ms.Sindhuja(G)

II-B 16831A03B0 Mr.P.Arshad Khan(B)

16831A364 G.Sathya Nandini(G)

II-C 16831A03F2 Mr.Samuel(B)

16831A03E4 Ms.Syed Nasreen Banu(G)

III-A 15831A0315 SURYA

Ensuring the conduct of classes

Monitoring the students attendance

SMS, phone calls to the parents and interacting with parents

Class Discipline

Arranging extra classes for coverage of syllabus

Ensuring the conduct of special tests, remedial classes for slow learners

Communicating the students attendance, Mid marks, special test marks,

attendance of Remedial classes etc.

10

Updating the counseling book

Problems of the student may be discussed with the concerned

faculty/mentor/HOD

Identify the strengths , weakness and motivate the student

Counselors will evaluate the student individually for the following:

b. Continuous Absence (3 days)

c. Not understanding the subject

d. Students from Telugu medium

e. Assistance for back log subjects etc.

2. Special Tests:

Two Special tests will be conducted for students before the mid exams to improve

their performance in the mid examinations. If any student is not performed, he/she will be

asked to attend the re-exam to ensure the understanding of the subject. If required the teacher

will guide the student in the subject.

3. Remedial classes:

Remedial classes will be conducted for students who are academically weak and who

do not perform well in their internal examinations and special class tests.

4. Backlog Management

The Class Teacher maintains a complete record of Examination results of each student

and they counsel and guide them in preparing for backlogs. Students are provided with

material and important questions are discussed.

Parents will be informed about the performance of their ward from time to time during

the course period, however parents are advised to contact class Teacher / Department Head

periodically.

6. NPTEL Classes

Department conducts NPTEL classes with Technical DVDs as virtual/visual classes

through faculties from IITS, NITS and IIITS

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

The Students should be able to:

1. Know various applications of Operation research.

2. Apply fundamental concepts of operation research to day to day problems.

11

3. Understand linear programming methods and their practical application.

4. Apply various assignment problems like transportation, travelling-salesman problems.

5. Understand the game theory applications.

6. Understand dynamic programming problems.

7. Apply simulation methods to industrial problems.

8. Understand the importance of inventory control applications.

COURSE OUTCOMES:

a. Students will demonstrate an understanding of the principles of operation research, and its

application.

b. Students will able to understand interdisciplinary nature and orientation of the subject.

c. Students will demonstrate an ability to apply the principles of linear programming methods.

d. An ability to apply methods of assignment problems, transportation, travelling salesmen

problems.

e. Understand how to apply game theory applications.

f. An ability to use the techniques of dynamic programming, simulation methods.

g. An ability to use the inventory concepts to the practical problems.

Course Outcomes

Course

Objectives

a b c d e f g

1 x

2 x

3 x

4 x

5 x x

6

7 x

8 x

12

JNTUH-SYLLABUS:

13

Lesson Plan

Book 3 Operations Research / R.Pannerselvam,PHI Publications.

Chapters Nos No of

Unit Topic

Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 classes

Development Definition

I 1 1 8

Characteristics and Phases, Allocation

II TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM 2 3 7

II ASSIGNMENT PROBLEM 3 3 7

III SEQUENCING 4 5 7

III REPLACEMENT 5 5 7

IV THEORY OF GAMES 6 6 7

IV INVENTORY 7 7

V WAITING LINES 7 6

14

V DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING 8 7 7

V SIMULATION 8 7

Total Classes 80

Sl.No Name of the Topic to be covered Number of Cumulative no Date of

periods of periods Completion

Required required

Unit No I

Phases Types of models

02 operation Research models 1 2

applications.

03 ALLOCATION : Linear Programming Problem 1 3

Formulation

04 Graphical solution 1 4

05 Simplex method 2 6

06 1 7

Artificial variables techniques

07 Twophase method 1 8

08 Big-M method. 1 9

09 Duality Principle 1 10

Unit No II

07 TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM Formulation 2 12

Optimal solution,

08 unbalanced transportation problem 2 14

Degeneracy.

09 Assignment problem Formulation Optimal 2 16

solution -

10 Variants of Assignment Problem- 2 18

15

Traveling Salesman problem.

Unit No III

sequencing n jobs through two machines

throughmmachines.

items that deteriorate with time when money value

is not counted and counted

15 Replacement of items that fail completely 1 25

group replacement. 1 26

Unit No IV

(maximin) Criterion and optimal strategy

17 Solution of games with saddle points Rectangular 2 30

games without saddle points

18 2 X 2 games 2 32

19 dominance principle 2 34

20 m X 2 & 2 X n games 2 36

21 graphical method 2 38

Deterministic models

23 Purchase inventory models with one 2 42

price break and multiple price breaks shortages are

not allowed

discrete variable or continuous variable

25 Instantaneous production. Instantaneous demand 2 46

continuous

demand and no set up cost.

Unit No V

Poisson arrivals exponential service times with

infinite population and finite population models

16

27 Multichannel Poisson arrivals exponential 3 52

service times

with infinite population single channel Poisson

arrivals

28 DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING : Introduction 3 55

Bellmans Principle of optimality.

29 Applications of dynamic 3 58

programming- capital budgeting problem

30 shortest path problem 3 61

models

Contact classes for syllabus coverage 70

Total Classes 80

17

Assignments -- Unit 1

Use the graphical method to solve the following LP Problem

Maximize Z = 2 x1 + 3 x2

subject to the constraints

x1 + x2 30

1. x2 3

x212

x1 20

x1 - x2 0

x1; x20.

Solve the following LP Problem by two phase method

Minimize Z = x1 - 2x2 -3x3

subject to the constraints

2.

-2x1 + x2 +3x3 = 2

2x1 + 3x2 + 4x3 =1

x1, x2 , x3 0.

Solve the following LPP by penalty Method

Maximize Z = x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 - x4

subject to the constraints

x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 = 15

3.

2x1 + x2 +5 x3=20

x1 + 2x2 + x3 + x4 = 10

x1, x2, x3, x4 0.

Explain the various applications of OR.

4.

What are the advantages and limitations of OR?

5.

Unit 2

Determine the Optimum basic feasible solution to the following Transportation problem.

1.

2.

18 the optimal.

Check if the following assignment is optimal. If not find

Optimize the following Transportation Problem.

3.

Five lectures have to deal a subject common to five different branches of engineering. Due to understanding level

of the branches and the efficiency of lecture, the probable number of periods of 45 minutes required for each

lecturer is given in the following matrix. A particular lecturer, namely, Mrs. Aparna refuses to go to CSE branch

and IT students do not accept Mr. Prasad. Obtain an optimal arrangement.

4.

19

Solve the transportation problem given in table

5.

Unit 3

A computer contains 10,000 resistors. When any resistor fails, it is replaced.

The cost of replacing a resistor individually is Re.1 only. If all the resistors

are replaced at the same time, the cost per resistor would be reduced to 35

paise. The percentage of surviving resistors say S(t) at the end of month and

the probability p(t) of failure during the month t are given in the table below.

1.

Explain the four elements that characterize a sequencing problem.

2.

Find the sequence that minimizes the total elapsed time (in hours) required to

complete the following tasks. Each job is processed in the order ACB

3.

4.

Six jobs go _rst over machine I and then over II. The order of the completion

5. of jobs has no signi_cance. The following table gives the machine times in

hours for six jobs and the two machines.

20

Unit 4

Define:

i. Competitive game;

ii. Pure strategies;

1.

iii. Mixed strategies

iv. Two-person zero-sum (or rectangular) game,

v. Payoff matrix.

Player A and B, each take out one or two matches and guess how many

matches the opponent has taken. If one of the players guesses correctly, then

2. the loser to pay him as many rupees as the sum of the number held by both

players. Otherwise, the pay out is zero. Write down the payoff matrix and

obtain the optimal strategies of both players.

Which competitive situation is called a game?

3.

Obtain the optimal strategies for both players and the value of the game for

two-person zero-sum game whose payoff matrix is given in table

4.

Obtain the strategies for both players and the value of the game for two-person

5.

zero-sum game whose payoff matrix is given in table

21

A person repairing radios finds that the time spent on the radio sets has an

exponential distribution with mean 20 minutes. If the radios are repaired in

the order in which they come in and their arrival is approximately Poisson with

6.

an average rate of 15 for 8-hour day, what is the repairman's expected idle

time in each day? How many jobs are ahead of the average set just brought

in ?

Discuss about Kendal's Notation for queuing models.

7

A telephone exchange has two long distance call operators. The telephone company

finds that during the peak load, long distance calls arrive in a Poisson fashion at an

average rate of 15 per hour. The length of service on these calls is approximately

8 exponentially distributed with mean length 5 minutes.

(a) What is the probability that subscriber will have to wait for his long distance

call during the peak hours of the day?

(b) If the subscribers will wait and serviced in turn, what is the expected waiting time?

The arrivals at a telephone booth are considered to be following Poisson process

with an average time of 10 minutes between one arrival and the next. Length of the

9. phone call is assumed to be distributed exponentially with a mean of 3 minutes.

(a) What is the probability that a person arriving at the booth will have to wait?

(b) What is the average length of queue that forms from time to time?

A T.V. repairman finds that the time spent on his jobs have an exponential distribution with mean of 30 minutes. If

he repairs sets in the order in which they come in, and if the arrival of sets is approximately Poisson distribution

10.

with an average rate of 10 per 8 hour day, what is repairmen's expected idle time each day? How many jobs are

ahead of the average set just brought in?

Unit 5

The manager of a company manufacturing car parts has entered into a contract of

supplying 1000 numbers per day of a particular part to a car manufacturer. He

finds that his plant has a capacity of producing 2000 numbers per day of the part.

1. The cost of the part is Rs.50. Cost of holding stock is 12% per annum and set up

cost per production run is Rs.100. What should be run size for each production

run and total optimum cost/month? How frequently should production runs be

made? Shortage is not permissible.

A newspaper boy buys papers for 3 paisa and sells them for 7 paisa each. He can

not return unsold newspapers. Daily demand has the following distribution.

2. If each day's demand is independent of the previous day's, how many papers should

he order each day?

No.of 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

22

Customers

Probability 0.01 0.03 0.06 0.10 0.20 0.25 0.15 0.1 0.05 0.05

Derive the expression for EOQ of Wilson Harris Inventory Model. A company uses 10000 units per year of an

item. The purchase price is Rs. 1 per item. Ordering cost is Rs. 25 per order. Carrying cost per year is 12% of the

3.

inventory value. Find EOQ and the number of orders per year. If the lead time is 4 weeks and assuming 50

working weeks per year, find the reorder point.

Discuss various selective Inventory control techniques used in stores management and compare them. A certain

item costs Rs. 235 per ton. The monthly requirement is 5 tons and each time the stock is replenished, there is a set-

4.

up cost of Rs. 1,000. The cost of carrying inventory has been estimated at 10% of the value of the stock per year.

What is the optimum order quantity?

Distinguish between P-System and Q-System of inventories with examples. A Company uses 24000 units of a raw

material which costs Rs. 12.50 per unit. Placing each order costs Rs. 22.50 and the carrying cost is 5.4% per year of

5.

the average inventory. Find the economic order quantity and the total inventory cost (Including the cost of the

material)

Maximize Z = 50x1 + 100x2; Subject to

2x1 + 3x2 48,

6.

x1 + 3x2 42,

x1 + x2 21,

x1, x2 0.

Use Bellman's principle of optimality to find the optimum solution to the following

problem:

Minimize Z = y2+ y2+ y3

7.

Subject to the constraints

y1+y2+y3 15

y1, y2, y3 0.

Solve the following LPP by dynamic programming:

Maximize Z = 8x1+7x2

Subject to

8.

2x1+x2 8;

5x1+2x2 5;

x1, x2 0.

Maximize Z = 3x1+5x2

Subject to

x1 4

9. x2 6;

3x1+2x2 18

x1, x2 0.

Solve the problem using dynamic programming method.

A medical representative located at city 1 has to travel to city 10. He knows the distance of alternative routes from

10. city 1 to city 10. Find shortest possible route. Also find the shortest routes from any city to city 10. The possible

routes and corresponding distances are as given below.

From City To city Corresponding Distance in km

1 2,3,4 4, 6, 3

2 5,6,7 7, 10, 5

3 5,6,7 3, 8, 4

23

4 5,6,7 6, 10, 5

5 8,9 4, 8

6 8,9 3, 7

7 8,9 8, 4

8 10 7

9 10 9

11.

What are the advantages of simulation? Explain Monte-Carlo simulation.

12.

How can simulation help to optimize the inventory?

13.

Define simulation. Explain about applications of simulation in various situations.

14.

Explain about simulation. Discuss about limitations of simulation.

15.

24

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