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Road to 5G

Building Awareness and Deep


Understanding about 5G

22-23 April 2017

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Outline

Evolution Toward 5G

5G Objective and Application

5G Key Technology

5G Development Status
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Parakontel at Glance
Parakontel, Para Konsultan Telecom/IT, is a social media community
consisting of Indonesians, local and overseas, who are Telecom/IT professionals. The
group has over 12,000 members on Facebook and 4,000 on Google Forum, which
then became a private company on 27 July 2015, called PT Parakontel Mandiri
Investama.
Prior to this, Parakontel was founded in 13 March 2007 on social media, initially it
has been providing jobs and career opportunities from MNCs such as Ericsson,
Nokia, Huawei, Cisco, HP and other Telecom/IT vendors projects globally as well as
operators and enterprises for contract and permanent positions.
Due to the recent market growth in the Telecommunication and IT
Amir is a Visionary Indonesian industry and the popular demand for Telecommunication & IT professionals who
Telecom Professional Community have certain skill sets and specifications worldwide, Parakontel has opened a
Founder and Consultative Driver for training/bootcamp courses in Bahasa and English, particularly on IP Networking,
this fully potential community in Java Programming and Database, Radio Network Planning & Optimization, Project
Indonesian Telecom Services called Management and other IT/Telecom related programs for Senior, Junior Engineers
and also for fresh graduate students.
as Parakontel.
ParaKonTel is The First and The The bootcamp course will teach and improve members theoretical
knowledge in accordance with engineerings concept and principles, however one
Biggest Indonesian Telecom
important part of the bootcamp also is the handson experience, which enables the
Professional Community. members practical ability to be adapted to the jobs requirements.
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Course Facilitator

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Ketua: Dr. Eng. Khoirul Anwar

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Course Facilitator

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Course Facilitator

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Outline

Introduction

5G Objective and Application

5G Key Technology

5G Development Status
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The 3rd Paradigm Shift of Cellular Industry is Going to Happen

2020s
2000s & 2010s
1980s
eMBB

mMTC uRLLC

Mobile Voice Era (1G/2G) Mobile Broadband Era (3G/4G) Super Connected World (5G)

eMBB + uRLLC + mMTC


Connectivity as a Service Network Slice as a Service
eMBB: evolved Mobile Broadband uRLLC: ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication mMTC: Massive Machine Type Communication
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3GPP Standards Throughput Evolution Since 1998
5G
Throughput LTE / LTE-Advanced/4.5G
DL: 150Mbps 1+Gbps
UL: 50Mbps 100Mbps
Mobile (Ultra) Broadband
HSPA+ Services
DL: 21/28/42/63/84Mbps
UL: Up to 11.5Mbps

UMTS
LTE Cat 1
DL: 2Mbps -- 14.4Mbps
DL: 10Mbps
UL: 384Kbps
UL: 5Mbps
MTC / eMTC
GPRS, EDGE
DL: 1Mbps
DL: 384Kbps 2Mbps UL: 1Mbps
UL: 14Kbps to few 100s Kbps
NB-IoT
DL: Up to 300Kbps
UL: Few bps to ~300Kbps
EC-GSM 5G Narrowband
DL: 10s of Kbps to 240Kbps
UL: 10s of Kbps to 240Kbps
Services (LPWA)
1998 Today
(Creation of 3GPP)
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Wireless Technologies Development in Coming 5 Years

1. Except AME Region, LTE will be #1 RAT technology in all other


regions by 2022 (having at least 50% market share)

2. UMTS will overpass GSM in all regions by 2022

3. By 2022, 5G will be available in key (high end) markets including


NA (25% market share), APAC (~10%) and Western Europe (~5%).
In other markets 5G will be marginal

Source: Industry RATs Forecasts [2016]

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The 5G Market Potential

Operators can benefit from an additional 34


percent revenue from 5G-enabled industry
digitalization market opportunities by 2026.

In todays world, telecom operators are facing multiple


challenges; increasing demands from consumers and tough
pricing competition are only a few of the factors causing
market stagnation for the industry. Despite high growth in both
mobile subscriptions and mobile data traffic, overall mobile
service revenue growth has flattened out, compared to the
1015 percent growth a decade ago.

Operators are struggling to turn the growing usage of mobile


data services into greater revenues. The current average
forecast for operator service revenues is expected to increase
by 1.5 percent annually from 2016 to 2026 globally. While this
offers a steady revenue stream, it is slim when compared to
5G-enabled revenue growth opportunities in industry
digitalization.

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5G commercialization
5G commercialization has been
mostly driven by telcos whose
LTE has already reached the level
of maturity or those who are in
desperate need of increasing
network capacities, and also by
three nations in East Asia (South
Korea, Japan and China) who are
eager to develop and present 5G
services during the Olympics
games they are respectively
hosting in 2018 (Winter), 2020
(Summer) and 2022 (Winter).

While 2G still has the biggest share in the global market, 4G LTE has certainly been up and running in most
countries (186 countries as of January 2017. Source: GSA). As of Q3 2016, the global LTE subscription rate
reached 22.4% (source: OVUM) and it is still going up. Especially, global LTE leaders have reported 70~80%
of LTE penetration. Those with matured LTE markets, like South Korean big 3 telcos and Verizon in the
USA, have been seeing stagnant profits for years, and anxiously looking to switch to 5G quickly. 24
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5G Standardization so far
Although 3GPP 5G standard
specifications, including supports for
high-mobility, are not expected to be
finalized before 2020, telcos like
Verizon and AT&T are acting
proactively. They aim to present
broadband Internet that leverages
pre-5G specifications, mmWave-
based fixed wireless access (FWA), in
2017 in order to replace narrowband
Internet and expand broadband
service coverage. There certainly is a
risk that such investment can fail if
the actual 5G specifications end up
being substantially different from the
pre-5G specifications.

5G global standardization has been driven by ITU and 3GPP. 3GPP aims to make technical reports (TRs) on
5G study items in Release 14 (scheduled to be finalized in June 2017), and develop 5G technical
specifications (TSs) in Releases 15 and 16. When Release 14 is finalized and Release 15 begins in June
2017, a global race to take the lead in standardization, system development, and commercialization of 5G
will begin in earnest. 28
5G Standardization so far (ITU)

5G standardizations are led by two major standardization agencies: ITU and 3GPP.
ITU-R WP5D defined 5G communication as 'IMT-2020', presenting the following 5G usage scenarios: MBB (enhanced
Mobile Broadband), mMTC (massive Machine Type Communications), URLLC (Ultra-Reliable and Low Latency
Communications). ITU-R WP5D plans to have 5G technical performance requirements, and evaluation criteria and
method finalized in June 2017 (at the 27th meeting), and begin to collect 5G proposals starting October 2017 (the 28th
meeting) to present the final 5G standard specifications in October 2020 (the 36th meeting). Allocations of 5G
frequency bands are to be announced in the 2019 World adiocommunication Conferences (WRC-19). 29
Key Performance Indicators of 5G New Radio (NR)

3GPP is set to conduct a preliminary study on 5G


specifications in Release 14, and, based on the findings,
begin to develop 5G specifications in Releases 15 and 16.
Release 15 will release 5G Phase 1 specifications that
define basic features of 5G, and Release 16 will release 5G
Phase 2 specifications defining additional features of 5G.
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Near 40 Years Evolution of Cellular Technologies
1G: FDMA 2G: TDMA 3G: CDMA 4G: SC- 5G: SCMA
Time Time Time FDMA, Time
CDMA Code Sparse Code

Cycle of 8 TTIs
OFDMA

TTI of 1ms
Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency Frequency

Scheduling by Scheduling by Scheduling by Scheduling by A Novel Code


Static Frequency Frequency and Time Code and Time Sub-carrier and Domain Non-
Allocation Only (with cycle of 8 slots); (UE1 -> C1, , Time (assignment orthogonal
(f1 -> UE1, , fn - Principle Based on UEn -> Cn, etc.) of PRBs to UEs, Multiple Access
> UEn, etc.) Frequency Re-use allocation change
Pattern (f1, f2, f3, etc.) at each 1ms)

Orthogonal Sparse
Frequency Time Code Frequency & Code
Division Division Division Time Multiple
Division Access

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Evolution of 5G Cloud Architecture for N-Edge Experience
2G/3G LTE/LTE-Advanced/4.5G 5G
Single Inter- Multi
Cell Cell Connectivity
Massive
Full
Radio Interface

MIMO
Duplex
2G/3G @Sub6G
LTE/LTE-A/4.5G@Sub6G
5G@Sub6G
3D BF-MIMO
RAN (N Ports)
Controller
5G
@mmWave

Massive Ultra Wide


Full Duplex mmWave Hybrid BF
MIMO Band
RRU RRU RRU RRU RRU RRU
BS Baseband

RRU

BBU
BBU BBU
BBU
BBU BBU BBU CRAN based on general hardware BBU
Traditional RAN Centralized Traditional RAN 5G@Sub6G
Distributed BBU CRAN based on Distributed BBU
traditional BBU

LTE-A/4.5G Carrier Aggregation Separation of User layer & Control layer


5G@Sub6G
Key Designs

Traditional RAN @Sub6G


LAA / LWA and Multi-connectivity
Architecture:
mmWave
Macro Only CoMP Aggregation
MIMO / Massive MIMO MIMO / Massive MIMO
Huawei Confidential
HetNet Dense HetNet
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