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ROOM COOLERS (DESERT TYPE)

PRODUCT CODE : 77107

QUALITY AND STANDARDS : IS 3315:1994


As per Customer Specification

PRODUCTION CAPACITY : Desert Cooler: Fan size 16 900 Nos.


(Per Annum) Desert Cooler: Fan size 18 900 Nos.
Value : Rs. 1,10,70,000/-

MONTH AND YEAR : May, 2014


OF PREPARATION

PREPARED BY : Sh. Harinder Kumar


Investigator (Mechanical)

1. INTRODUCTION
Desert type Room Coolers are used in peak summer season for cooling in
rooms, offices, hotels and restaurants etc. In general Air Coolers are used for cooling
similar areas and desert coolers are used for larger area. Air Coolers basically consist
of body, fan, water pump and control switch etc. An electric fan generally of exhaust
fan type is mounted inside a louvered housing and three vertical sides of the
housing are fitted with filtered pads which are kept wet with help of water pump.
Rotation of fan mounted inside the body draws air from all the three sides through
wet pads. Thus, air gets cooled by evaporation of water and which is blown into the
room. Desert coolers are economical (both initial and running costs are low) and are
effective in hot and dry areas. They are not effective in humid areas

2. MARKET POTENTIAL
The demand for this item depends on opening of offices and replacement
demand from office already using such coolers, construction of residential
accommodation, and rise in standard of living of the people in general and the
extent of heat during summer season in a particular year. The coolers are given on
rental basis for the season and are also sold to the users.
As the construction of residential accommodation, office complex and the
standard of living is increasing day by day, demand for this item is also increasing
specially in the sections of society who are not able to afford air conditioned. It is
understood that during the period of last 10 years there is a rise in demand for the
item @ 40 % p.a. and this trend is likely to continue.

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Mechanical Division

3. BASIS AND PRESUMPTIONS


i. The basis for the calculation of the production capacity is calculated on single
lift basis on 75% efficiency.
ii. The rate of interest in the scheme has been taken on the basis of 13% at an
average. How-ever, this figure is likely to vary depending on the financial
outlay of the project as well as location of the unit.
iii. The breakeven point in the scheme has been calculated on the full capacity
utilization basis.
iv. The cost of machinery and equipment items as indicated refers to a particular
make and the prices are approximately those ruling at the time of the
preparation of this report.
v. The Cost of machinery, equipment, raw material and other expenditure
initiated in the profile are based on the prices prevailing at the time of project
preparation. Therefore they are subject to necessary change from time to time
based on local condition and availability.
vi. It is assumed that there are no pre-operative expenses.
vii. The pump, motor, switches, PVC cable and cup, wood wool, pad, bolts,
anodized plates are bought out components.

4. IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
Estimated period
S.No. Activity
required
Market survey for collection of data in respect of
1. demand, raw material, machinery, including power 3 Weeks
& pollution control and selection of site.
Preparation of project document and registration
2. 4 Weeks
and other clearance.

3. Arrangement of finance /loan 3 Weeks


Procurement of machinery & equipment & its
4. 4 Weeks
Installation

5. Purchase of raw materials. 2 Weeks


6. Trail Production 2 Weeks
7. Commercial production. 2 Weeks
Total 20 Weeks

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Room Coolers (Desert Type)

5. TECHNICAL ASPECTS
5.1. Process of Manufacturing
The sheets are purchased from the local market and cut to required size,
louvers made and bent for making the vertical sides, top cover and water pump.
Filter pads are fitted in the3 vertical sides and electric fan and vertical pump are
mounted. On the grill is fixed through which cooled air is brown out. Switches are
provided in the front panel, vertical sides, top cover are assembled together with
screws/ nut and both assembled cooler is then painted.

5.2. Production Capacity


The following is the per annum production capacity on single shift basis:-
S.No. Item Qty. Unit price Value (Rs.)
1. Desert Cooler ( Fan size 16) 900 5,800/- 52,20,000/-
2. Desert Cooler ( Fan size 18) 900 6,500/- 58,50,000/-

5.3. Quality Control and Standards


This scheme is based on IS 3315-1974. The cooling efficiency is based on
following formula:
Tdbi Tdbo
Cooling efficiency = x100
Tdbi Twb

When Tdbi - Dry bulb temperature of inlet air


Tdbo - Bulb temperature of Outlet air
Twb - Wet bulb temperature of Inlet air

5.4. Motive Power 10 HP

6. FINANCIAL ASPECT
6.1. Fixed Capital
Land & Building: Covered Area 200 Sq. metre at Rs. 18,000 per month Rent.

6.1.1. Machinery and Equipments


Indigenous/ Price
S.No. Description Qty.
Imported (Rs.)
1 Guillotine shearing M/c 2 H.P motorized Indigenous 1 2,50,000
2 Power Press M/c 3 H.P motorized -do- 1 3,00,000
3 Air Compressor 1 HP with spray gun. -do- 1 50,000
4 Gas welding set (Small) -do- 1 35,000
5 Portable Drilling M/c. -do- 1 6,000
Testing equipment, Air flow & Temperature
6 measuring apparatus, Anemometer, high -do- 30,000
voltage tester, insulation tester etc.
Sub Total 6,71,000

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Mechanical Division

7. Installation & Electrification charges @ 10% on the total cost of 67,100


machine
8. Cost of jig fixtures, dies & hand tools etc. 50,000
9. Office workshop furniture 40,000
Total (Rs.) 8,28,100

6.2. Working Capital (per month)


6.2.1. Salary & Wages
S. No. Designation Nos. Salary (Rs.) Total (Rs.)
1. Supervisor 1 10000 10,000
2. Skilled Workers 2 9000 18,000
3. Unskilled Workers 3 7500 22,500
4. Clerk 1 8000 8,000
5. Watchman cum-peon 1 6500 6,500
Total 65,000
Perquisites @ 15% of salaries 9,750
Total 74,750

6.2.2. Raw Material


Indigenous/ Price
S.No. Description Qty. Rate (Rs.)
Imported (Rs.)
45000
1. M.S. Sheet 18 SWG Indigenous 6.5 MT 2,92,500
per Ton
2. Submersible Pump -do- 150 Nos. 350 each 52,500
3. Motor with fan size 16 -do- 75 Nos. 1300 each 97,500
4. Motor with fan size 18 -do- 75 Nos. 1500 each 112,500
5. Switches & Cables -do- -- -- 6,000
Angle Iron 41000
6. -do- 1.5 Ton 61,500
1-1/4, 1-1/4, 1/6 per Ton
7. Bolts, Screws & rivets -do- -- -- 6,000
8. PVC Pipe & Cup -do- -- -- 2,000
40/-
9. Wood wool pads -do- 150 Nos. 6,000
per set
10/-
10. Anodized Aluminum Sheet -do- 150 1,500
per set
11. Paints & Chemicals -do- -- -- 15,000
Total 6,53,000

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Room Coolers (Desert Type)

6.2.3. Utilities
1. Power @ Rs. 7 per unit Rs. 10,500
2. Water L.S. Rs. 4,000
Total Rs. 14,500

6.2.4. Other Contingent Expenses


S. No. Particulars Value (Rs.)
1. Rent 18,000
2. Postage and Stationery 1,000
3. Telephone 1,000
4. Consumable stores 1,500
5. Repairs and Maintenance 4,000
6. Insurance 3,000
7. Transportation charges 2,000
8. Publicity & Advertisement 1,000
9. Miscellaneous 1,000
Total 32,500

6.2.5. Total Recurring Expenditure (per month in Rs.)


1. Raw Material 6,53,000
2. Staff & Salary 74,750
3. Utility 14,500
4. Other Expenses 32,500
Total 7,74,750
Say Total 7,74,800

6.3. Total Capital Investment


Fixed capital Rs. 8,28,100
Working capital for 3 months Rs. 23,24,400
Total Rs. 31,52,500

7. FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
7.1. Cost of Production (per annum in Rs.)
1. Recurring expenditure 92,97,600
2. Depreciation on machinery @ 10% 67,100
3. Depreciation on jig, fixture & dies @20% 10,000
4. Depreciation on office and workshop furniture@20% 8,000
5. Interest on total capital investment @ 13% (Round off) 4,09,800
Total 97,92,500

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Mechanical Division

7.2. Turnover (per annum)


Item Qty. Rate (Rs.) Value (Rs.)
16 size room cooler 900 Nos. 5800 52,20,000
18 size room cooler 900 Nos. 6500 58,50,000
Total 1,10,70,000

7.3. Net Profit (per annum)


= Turnover cost of production
= Rs. 1,10,70,000 97,92,500
= Rs. 12,77,500/-

7.4. Net Profit Ratio


Net profit per year
= X 100
Turnover per year

12,77,500
= X 100
1,10,70,000

= 11.54 %

7.5. Rate of Return


Net profit per year
= X 100
Total Capital Investment

12,77,500
= X 100
31,52,500

= 40.52 %

7.6. Break-even Point


S.No. Fixed Cost (Per Annum) (Rs.)
1 Rent 2,16,000
2 Insurance 36,000
3 Depreciation 85,100
4 Interest on capital investment 4,09,800
5 40% of Salary and wages (Round Off) 3,58,800
40% of other contingents expenses
6 55,200
(excluding rent& Insurance)
Total 11,60,900

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Room Coolers (Desert Type)

B.E.P
Fixed Cost
= X 100
Fixed Cost + Net Profit

11,60,900
= X 100
11,60,900 + 12,77,500

= 47.61 %

Name and Addresses of Machinery & Equipment Suppliers:-


1. M/s. Vikas Engineering Co. DSIDC, Bawana, New Delhi
2. M/s. Delhi Mechanical Works, B-29, Wazirpur Industrial Area, New Delhi
3. M/s. Jeet machine tools, 48, Shardhanand Marg New Delhi
4. M/s. Power Weld Systems DSIDC Industrial Complex, Wazirpur, New Delhi
5. M/s. Emtex Machinery Private Ltd. C-21, 2nd Floor, Hauz khas New Delhi
6. M/s. Royal sales corporation F-7 Udyog Nagar near Roahat Road New Delhi
7. M/s. Dynamic Welding and cutting Pvt. Ltd. 3676, Ajmeri Gate New Delhi

Raw Material
Raw Material is available locally.

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