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ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING

OIL & GAS

www.smartbrains.in
ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING
OIL & GAS

ABOUT SMARTBRAINS
SmartBrains is the global market leader in providing high-level training services to the energy sector (Oil and
Gas, Petrochemical, Refinery, LNG, Power Plants, Fiscal, Contracts, Strategy & Finance and Leadership &
Management). Operating nation wise over the last 8 years, our courses are widely acknowledged within the
energy community for quality and up-to-date information. Our success and distinguished reputation is down
to our commitment to the industry, a high-level of expertise, sector knowledge, cultural diversity and
experience that comes from organising many courses.
SmartBrains Institute provides premium training courses for energy industry executives and fresh engineering
graduates. Programs are designed by experienced high level Engineers/Managers and professionals as an
option to broaden their skill sets to include management tools and techniques that are applicable to various
profiles in renewable energy industries. Our success and distinguished reputation is thanks to our
commitment to provide first-class programmes to our clients. Combining leading professionals from across
the industry as lecturers and an interactive, practical format, the lessons learnt in a SmartBrains for energy
course are directly transferable back to the workplace.

WHY SMARTBRAINS OUR STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES


SmartBrains is the ultimate choice for all the working and To be recognized by industry and employers as
a highly reputable training organization.
non working engineers in energy sector training
Provide dynamic leadership, sound
requirements. Our extensive portfolios of training courses management and excellence in training.
are: Continue to improve our services through
P 100% focused on Oil & Gas industry. quality management processes. Invest in and
P Guided by industry renowned professionals with value our people through professional
unprecedented knowledge of Oil & Gas industry development activities, Grow our business
P High interactive program with practical and relevant through innovation and to continue to be
financially secure. Be influential in the
case studies.
economic development of the industries we
P Training by extensively researched self developed
serve nation wise.
cutting edge techniques.
P Skill development techniques with comprehensive set of
documentation, practical skills and tools used in the
industry
P Per fect oppor tunity to develop network and
experiences with knowledge sharing.
P Internationally acclaimed engineering qualification.
P Designed for both fresh engineers and working
professionals to attain growth in process plant industry
P One of the finest international faculties.
P Interactive, interesting and motivational training
sessions.
P Access to enormous reference books and research
materials. sessions.
ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING
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ACCREDITATION & AFFILIATION


Smartbrains Engineers And Technologist Pvt Ltd. has received recognition, endorsement and affiliation
from National Skill Development Corporation of India (NSDC) and various Skill Sector Councils as an
authorized training provider under various trades. SmartBrains provide skill based training for
engineering/non-engineering candidates as per their interest. As a training institute we will provide
complete practical knowledge based skill training, recognition & certification from NSDC & Sector
Skill Councils. Students who successfully complete their certification from SmartBrains may be able to
apply for recognition of their qualification within the local education system. Trainees will be awarded
by a National level certification approved & provided by National Skill Development Corporation of
India (A PPP promoted by Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Govt. of India) which is
broadly accepted & recognized across the globe.

WHAT YOU WILL GAIN PURPOSE


u Introduction To Plant Engineering Our extensive portfolios of training courses
are:
u Electrical equipments technology &
P 100% focused on Electrical design
protections. engineering Oil & gas
P Guided by industry renowned professionals
u Electrical drawing and documentation.
with unprecedented knowledge of process
u Cable selection, sizing, standards & plant industry.
accessories. P High interactive program with practical and
relevant case studies.
u Illumination design. P Training by extensively researched self
u Power system protection. developed cutting edge techniques.
P Perfect opportunity to develop network and
u Earthing and lightning/surge protection.
experiences with knowledge sharing.
u Testing, troubleshooting and maintenance of P Designed for both fresh engineers and
working professionals to attain growth in
electrical equipments.
process plant industry
u System studies and calculations. P Interactive, interesting and motivational
training sessions.
P Access to enormous reference books and
research materials. sessions.
ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING
OIL & GAS

INTRODUCTION TO PLANT ENGINEERING generation, transmission and distribution.


Plant Engineering And Site Selection P Relationship between frequency ad poles in a
Plant engineering function. generator.
Principles of organization. Electric power and energy:
Organization structures. P Electric power and energy.
Organizational prerequisites. P Active and reactive power.
Role of Plant Engineer. P Power triangle.
Concept of EPC Projects. Fundamentals of electrical networks:
Overview of codes & Standards IEC/ANSI/IEE. P Transmission and distribution.
Consideration aspects in site selection. P Electrical networks.
Environmental & design considerations.
Electrical Equipment for Power Transmission
On Site Distribution of Electricity and Distribution and Related Issues
Determining the site requirements. Electrical equipment used in transmission, distribution
Tariff structures and billing calculations. and utilization:
Various areas of electricity consumption. P transformers.
Characteristics of plant areas including electricity P isolators.
supply parameters. P fuses.
Generation of stand-by supply. P Circuit Breakers.
Distribution of power to areas of control and Electrical utilization, basics of power quality and
consumption. electrical safety:
Instrumentation techniques and general practice. P AC and DC electrical rotating machines.
P Power electronics applications.
Conductors, Insulators and Electromagnetism P Power quality problems.
Conductors and insulators (Conductors, P Protection of electrical systems.
Semiconductors, Superconductors, Electrical P Electrical safety, legislation and compliance.
insulators etc).
Electromagnetism (Electromagnets, Electromagnetic Common Distribution System Alternatives
strength, Electromagnetic induction, Magnetic Characteristics of typical industrial distribution
quantity characteristics). systems.
Equipment used in distribution systems.
Fundamentals of power systems and electric Electrical safety and power security issues.
power generation Voltage classifications.
Concepts behind electric power generation, Distribution types.
transmission, distribution and utilization: The use of transformers.
P Historical overview.
P Electricity production and use. Planning of Power Distribution Systems
P Generation: non-renewable and renewable Planning of industrial power distribution networks
sources. including embedded generation.
P AC and DC systems: comparison in respect of Distribution system alternatives.
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Fault Levels in Electrical Systems and their role Fundamentals of power generation.
in the choice of Equipment Methods employed for power generation - a
Electrical faults. comparative study.
Asymmetrical fault behavior. Rotating and static components.
Equivalent impedance diagram of a power system. Static and dynamic vibration detection techniques
including remedial guidelines.
In-Plant Generation Requirements and
Alternatives Electrical Machines, Motor Controls, Protection,
Distribution equipment. Testing and failure analysis
Conductor size vs short circuit current. Principle of operation, torque calculation.
Types of AC/DC machines.
What is an EPC contract Fault and fault finding.
How does the risk allocation on an EPC contract Components of 3-Phase induction machines.
compare to other construction contracts. Limitations of single-phase AC motors, special types of
To what extent does an EPC contract guarantee the electrical machines.
project essentials: a fixed price, time and quality. New technologies and development.
Why would you choose an EPC contract as opposed Motor control methods.
to other forms of contract. Protection methods for motors.
Will the use of an EPC contract mean that the works Performance testing for motors.
cost more. Common causes of motor failure, effects of excessive
The bank ability of an EPC contract. loading.
The EPC contract within the overall structure of a Motor and bearing failure analysis.
project: The various entities and the other project Maintenance requirements to prevent failure.
documents.
Split EPCs: Onshore/ Offshore. Electrical Power, Electric Motors, and Prime
Different models for contract risk allocation. Movers
Contract jargon: Lump sum, turn-key, EPCM, EPCC. Single-phase vs three-phase Electric Power and their
cost-plus, reimbursable. applications.
Operating principles of single-phase and three-phase
Estimation of Plant Electrical Load AC motors.
Preparation of load schedule. Induction vs synchronous motors.
Determination of power supply capacity. Maintenance requirements.
Standby capacity consideration. Check lists and specification tools for effective
Rating of generators in relation to prime movers - maintenance.
Importance of max and min temp. Efficiency calculations.
Rating of motors in relation to their driven machines. Comparative study of IC engines, gas/steam turbines,
hydraulic/air motors, electric motors.
Maintenance and Asset Management in Selection criteria and applications.
Distribution Systems
Maintenance requirements.
Power distribution system automation.
Checklists and specification tools for effective
Condition based maintenance vs reliability centered
maintenance.
maintenance.
Efficiency calculations.
Diagnostic techniques.
Problems found during maintenance.
Variable Speed Drives
Drive components.
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS TECHNOLOGY &
PROTECTIONS Operating parameters.
AC Power, DC Power, and Power Generation Energy conversion in electric drives.
Alternating and direct current fundamentals. Constant speed vs Variable speed.
AC vs DC transmission. 5 application range of variable speed drives.
Common applications. Maintenance of VSD's.
Relative merits and demerits. Efficiency Calculations.
ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING
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Power Transmission and Distribution Systems Limitations of single-phase AC motors, special types of
Technology of power transmission industrial systems. electrical machines.
Components. New technologies and developments.
Substation equipment including earthing and touch
potentials. Motor Control, Protection, Testing and failure
Primary feeders and network systems. analysis
Distribution transformers. Motor control methods .
Secondary systems. Protection methods for motors.
Distribution capacity. Performance testing of motors.
Design and operation of distribution systems. Common causes of motor failure.
Power factor equipment. Effects of excessive loading.
Capacity improvement. Motor and bearing failure analysis.
Harmonic influences. Maintenance requirements to prevent failure.

Theory, Types, Construction and Characteristics Electrical Protection and Earthing


of Power Transformers Protective equipment used in power systems.
Fundamentals of power transformers. Operation of fuses, circuit breakers, protective relays
Power transformer construction. and insulators.
Power transformer types. Earth leakage protection.
Methods of transformer protection. Motor protection devices.
Switching equipment for electrical systems.
Installation, Maintenance and Testing of Power Maintenance systems.
Transformers In-service testing.
Power transformer installation. Primary and secondary current injection methods.
Power transformer oil quality. OEM parameters to compare with the test results.
Electrical tests and preventive measures. Purpose and importance of earthing.
Earthing systems, component selection for functional
Medium Voltage and Low Voltage Switchgear earthing.
MV and LV switchgear specifications.
MV and LV switchgear applications. Protection against Explosions and Lightning
MV and LV switchgear construction. Hazardous area identification.
Metering, protection and control of MV and LV Area classification.
switchgear. Calculation of the zone extent.
Minimum energy transfer (intrinsic safety concepts).
Medium Voltage and Low Voltage Circuit Explosion prevention techniques.
Breakers, Batteries for Substations
Mechanical glands and types of cable approved for
Circuit breaker basics.
the area.
Circuit breaker specifications and ratings.
Introduction to the various codes of practice in force
MV and LV circuit breaker construction.
across the world.
Basics of batteries, battery types.
The ATEX requirements.
Charging and discharging of batteries.
Earthing requirements and Standards.
Selection and sizing of batteries.
Lightning protection risks.
Battery installation, maintenance, failure and disposal.
Risk assessments as per IEC 62305-2.
Need for lighting protection.
Principles of Electrical Machines & their
How a lightning protection system works (Physical
applications
Principles of operation. installation, Design of the system).
Torque calculations (Torque vs speed, AC vs DC
Troubleshooting Electrical System Faults
machines).
Identification of various types of electrical systems.
Types of AC and DC machines and their
Selection of fault-finding technique.
applications.
Typical electrical system faults.
Faults and fault-finding.
Diagnosing failures.
Components of 3-phase induction machines.
ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING
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ELECTRICAL DRAWING AND DOCUMENTATION Jointing and terminating procedures.


Drawing Types, Attributes and Symbols Testing of cables after jointing/termination.
Fundamentals of electrical and electronic engineering
drawings: Cable Selection and Sizing
P Drawing standards. Cable selection.
P 2 and 3-dimensional representation. Cable sizing for Low voltage system.
P Components of an engineering drawing. Cable sizing for High voltage system.
P Drawing sizes. Voltage drop consideration.
P Scales and sheet sizes. Let through energy consideration.
Symbols: Earth fault loop impedance consideration.
P Electro technology Symbols. Cable schedule.
Cable interconnection schedule.
Engineering Drawings Selection and sizing of cable tray.
Single-line and 3-line diagrams. Cable tray schedule.
Control schematics. Cable drum schedule.
Logic gates and logic diagrams. Conduit selection.
Cabling and wiring drawings. Conduit Sizing.
Lighting layout design.
Cable routing layout. Cable Routing
Earthing layout design. Cable routing Layout.
Lightning layout design. Cable Tagging.
Layout drawings for different applications. Installation details.

Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Drawing Installation Methods, Types of Cable Faults and
Management Locating Faults
CAD: Storage, handling and unreeling.
P 2D and 3D CAD applications. Installation methods of cables and impact on ratings.
P GIS related applications: linking imagery with Cable laying on structures, ducts and directly in soil.
drawings. Cable failures and fault location (Loop method, fault-
Drawing management: burning, signal injection and use of TDR equipment).
P Revision control and drawing ownership. Power and control cable Introduction.
P Drawing process flow.
P Redlining in CAD drawings. ILLUMINATION DESIGN
CAD drawing features: Electrical Illumination Design
P Symbols, attributes and symbol libraries. Introduction.
P Automated BOM generation from a CAD drawing. Type of lighting fixtures.
P Concept of layers and their use in sharing Selection of lighting fixtures.
information. Preparation of fixture schedule.
P Automation of drawing through programming. Indoor illumination calculation.
Management of drawings. Outdoor illumination calculation.
Calculation on software.
CABLE SELECTION, SIZING, STANDARDS & Lighting layout design.
ACCESSORIES Lighting installation detail.
Power Cable Types and Classications Small power selection.
Types of cable. Lighting board schedule.
Cable types for given applications.
Cable sizing. Electrical Lightning and Illumination
Sheath bonding for MV and HV cables. Incandescent lamps, high intensity discharge lamps,
mercury vapor, metal halide lamps, fluorescent lamps,
Jointing and Termination compact fluorescent lamps, LEDs.
Requirements for outdoor terminations. Luminaire concepts.
Mechanical protection for joints and terminations. Energy efficiency.
ELECTRICAL DESIGN ENGINEERING
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Electrical Heating in Industry Generator-protection for stator faults and special
Principles of heating. protections.
Electrical heating, resistance heating . Protection management.
Welding, electric arc furnaces.
Induction heating . EARTHING AND LIGHTNING/SURGE
PROTECTION
POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION Electrical Earthing and applicable Standards
Need For Protection and Basic Protection Power supply system earthing methods.
Approach Comparative merits and applications.
Need for protection. Effects of electric shock.
Characteristics of protection. Role of protective earthing in safety against electric
Components of protection systems. shock.
Faults in systems and its impact on protection.
Relevance of earthing to protection. Earth Electrodes
Earth electrodes and their role.
Protection in Industrial Distribution Systems Influence of soil resistivity on earth resistance.
Fuse-the basic protective device. Measurement of soil resistivity and earth resistance.
Protection based on releases. Earth electrode system maintenance.
Tripping power sources, trip failure alarm.
Typical protection approach in industrial distribution Static Electricity
systems. Static electricity basic definitions.
Protection application in special cases such as mining Problems caused by static electricity in industrial
systems. operations.
Mitigation of adverse effects by static electricity.
Instrument Transformers and its application to
Protection Earthing of Substations, Switch yards and
Role of instrument transformers in protection. applicable Standards
Voltage transformers. Substation earthing-basic principles.
Current transformers. Earth grid design approach.
Selection and application of instrument transformers Steps for obtaining an effective earthing system.
for electrical protection.
Lightning Effects and Protection
Protective Relays and Relay Coordination and Lightning physics and statistical distribution.
Unit Protection Lightning risk assessment.
Relays used in protection and basic types. Lightning protection of structures, electrical lines and
Importance of current relays in protection. substations.
DMT and IDMT characteristics. Lightning protection of marine electrical.
Static relays and IED. Systems and other special structures.
Protection coordination.
Unit protection, basic principles. Surge Protection
Surges: Types and methods of coupling.
Protection of Transformers and MV Switchgear Protection of electrical components against surges.
Transformer protections-different approaches. Surge protection zones and protection grading.
Protection based on current relays (DMT and IDMT).
Differential protection of transformers. Electrical Noise and Mitigation
REF and standby earth fault protection. Types of noise and coupling
Switchgear (bus bar) protection methods. Problems caused by noise in sensitive electronic
circuits.
Protection of Motors, Generators and Protection Control of noise at source, avoiding earth loops
Management Mitigation by shielding/screening.
Faults in motors. Proper earthing and role of ZSRG, SGTP in noise
Protection of motors against internal faults. reduction.
Protection against load-related problems.
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System Studies and Calculations Maintenance Planning and Scheduling
Short circuit analysis (Fault calculations and stability Planning needs and objectives.
studies). Planning for resources.
Load flow analysis. Maintenance budgeting.
Motor starting study. Implementing the maintenance plan.
Harmonics study. Maintenance inventory.
Relay coordination study. Reasons for planning failures.
Benefits of planning.
TESTING, TROUBLESHOOTING AND Scheduling considerations and requirements.
MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENTS Proper scheduling of resources and materials.
Fundamentals of Testing Priority system and equipment criticality.
Various types of tests. Maintenance schedules.
Role of insulation in electrical equipment. Managing maintenance backlogs.
Insulation resistance measurement and interpretation.
Maintenance Practice-Strategies, Tools and
Various Methods of Testing Techniques
High potential tests. Types of outages.
Oil testing. Maintenance plans, tools and techniques.
TAN delta testing. Standard maintenance practices.
Partial Discharge (PD) Testing. Choosing the right maintenance strategy.
Impulse testing. Performance measurement.
Measuring of low resistances as part of testing. Evaluating maintenance effectiveness.
Reporting and use of key performance indicators.
Testing of Electrical Equipment Introduction to RCM (reliability centered maintenance)
Transformer testing. Plant registration.
Cable testing during operation and fault detection. Function and failure.
Testing of alternators during maintenance. Preventive action.
Testing of other HV equipment including protection Organizing and controlling proposed tasks.
tests, CT/VT testing. Implementation of RCM.

Organizational aspects of Testing SYSTEM STUDIES AND CALCULATIONS


Testing for troubleshooting. System Studies and Calculations
Testing as an essential maintenance of electrical Development of single line diagrams, libraries, project
equipment. data management, cable sizing, templates.
Test equipment for comprehensive testing Load flow analysis.
Documentation of testing. Short circuit (IEC and ANSI).
Setting up a testing group in a large organization. Motor acceleration.
Transient stability.
Maintenance Objectives and Principles Protective device coordination and selectivity.
Effective management of maintenance operations and Ground grid systems.
resources. Underground raceway systems.
Measures for achieving maintenance objectives. ARC flash analysis.
Key maintenance principles. Short circuit analysis (Fault calculation and stability
Primary role of maintenance. studies).
Benefits associated with best maintenance practices. Load flow analysis.
Motor starting study.
Asset Management
Harmonics study.
Identifying, classifying and prioritizing assets.
Relay coordination study.
Location and types.
Other modules based on attendees request and time
Maintenance strategies for various categories of
permitting.
assets.
Managing assets by criticality.