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Tips for CAT

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1

FORMULAE

AND TIPS FOR CAT

There are several things questions and some easy

that you have to keep in ones. When you hit the

mind: difficult ones, you must

a) Differentiate stay calm. Skip a few

between speed and questions. Dont panic,

hurry: Many students think because if you do, you

that speed means making have almost certainly lost

guesses and blundering the battle.

on. This is wrong. Do the

q u e s t i o n s w i t h Hot tip:

concentration. Dont worry If you become tense,

about questions you could just close your eyes and

not attempt, because you take a few deep breaths.

possibly cannot do 180 Return to the paper once

questions in two hours. you are composed again.

Speed means avoiding c) Manage your time:

u n n e c e s s a r y Keep a watch before you.

calculations. Write down the time when

you should move over to

Hot tip: the new section. Dont be

Allow yourself 30 tempted to stick to the

seconds to glance over the previous section when the

section before starting. time is over. Just keep

This will help you locate the moving on.

easy questions.

b) Keep your cool. Hot tip:

There will be some difficult Each section should be

2

attempted in 28 minutes. will scan the beginning and

Allow yourself 2 minutes to the end of the line

go back on questions you automatically.

could not solve, or for When youve mastered

making some intelligent this, your reading speed

guesses. will be between 500 and

1,000 words per minute.

This is the practical limit.

COMPREHENSION Second Stage: The

Tips for speed reading next speed increase comes

Next time you are from area reading. Instead

reading a paper, try this. of sweeping lines, use

First stage: Sweep your broader hand motions to

hand from left to right make a series of zigzags of

across the page so your Ss down the page and

finger underlines each line. read several lines at once.

Follow your finger with your You can even read

eyes. The difficulty of the backward as your hand

material determines the moves to the left. Youll

speed, but move your hand comprehend very little at

a little faster than your eye first, but if you keep your

can follow comfortably. eyes following your finger,

Make your eyes work to youll find yourself

keep up. absorbing whole chunks of

Soon you will find the page at once.

yourself reading whole

phrases and ideas. As it

gets easier, keep Six hot tips for

increasing the speed. comprehension:

As you improve, instead 1. Read the questions

of sweeping whole lines before you read the

with your finger, just sweep passage. This will help you

the middle part. Your eyes locate the ideas faster.

3

2. Force your eyes to regularly as well as the

sweep entire phrases and editorials, features and

ideas. Dont read word for current affairs and

word. Avoid pronouncing Business GK. This will help

words as you read. you form your opinions and

3. Dont reread increase your awareness. A

sentences. Dont skip lines. number of people who

4. Let the context define have cleared CAT have told

unfamiliar words. Dont us that the magazine was

stop to look for them. priceless for their

5. Adjust reading speed preparation.

to the type of material. Additional reading and

6. Look for key ideas exercises:

and phrases in each

Norman Lewis: How to

paragraph.

What you should read: Read Better and Faster.

Read the editorial page of

one good English VERBAL ABILITY

newspaper everyday by the

It is important to have a

above method. This should

good vocabulary, know

not take more than 15

good grammar and again,

minutes everyday. Make it

have the reading habit.

a point to read the

economic articles and Vocabulary: A good

business news. Look up vocabulary is built up over

difficult words that you time. Reading helps. Check

encounter in a dictionary. up important words in a

Also read a magazine on dictionary. Or take a good

current affairs. Your best word-list, such as the one

bet is THE COMPETITION published in Master Guide

MASTER, which has a for MBA Entrance, and

regular management learn the usage of the

section. Read the debates words. Knowing about

4

roots of words helps. analogies.

Arranging sentences,

Hot tip: blanks: These are tricky,

The best way to learn a especially if they contain

word list is through large sentences. The

vocabulary cards. Making selections are usually from

them is an investment, current newspapers, so

because they will be helpful extra reading increases

over a period of time. speed in such questions.

Analogies, Odd man

out: This means finding Hot tip:

relations among words. Usually, the answer can

What is the relation be obtained by getting at

between SALT : SALTY? the central idea and

We can say that salty thinking what it should start

things contain salt. The or end with, or by working

best choice would be from the choices. Do not

COW : BOVINE, because waste time arranging the

that best suits the relation- entire paragraph.

ship. A good vocabulary

helps in such questions. QUANTITATIVE

Hot tip: ABILITY

Do as many analogies The importance of

as you can, to know the knowing your tables,

kind of relations that can be decimals, fractions and

asked. The Test of formulae cannot be over-

Reasoning in THE emphasised. Many

COMPETITION MASTER con- questions can be solved by

tains analogies regularly. If looking at the choices.

you do it every month, you Develop this ability and

will have a good your speed will surely

understanding of increase. We give below

5

some things which can be Quotient) + Remainder.

remembered easily. 4. Tests of divisibility:

1. Numbers: Remem- A number can be checked

ber the power of 10 in the for divisibility by the

following: millions (6), following methods:

lakhs (5), billions (9) and By 2: If the last digit of

crores (7). Some questions the given number is even

may confuse on the units. or zero.

By 3: If the sum of the

2. Rational and digits of the number are

irrational numbers: divisible by 3.

By 4: If the sum of the

Numbers which can be last two digits of the

expressed in the form number is divisible by 4.

p By 5: If the last digit of

, where p and q are the number is either zero or

q

integers and q 0 . 5.

By 6: If the number is

Examples of rational

divisible by 2 as well as 3.

numbers are By 8: If the sum of the

1 3 8 last three digits of the

, , , 0, 3, 150 etc,

2 5 5 number is divisible by 8.

By 9: If the sum of the

Irrational numbers are

digits is divisible by 9.

those which when

By 10: If the last digit is

expressed in decimal

zero.

would be in non-

terminating and non- By 11: If the difference

repeating form. Examples between the sum of the

of irrational numbers are: 2,

3, 5, 7, and so on. odd digits and the even

3. Division: digits in a number is either

Dividend = (Divisor zero or divisible by 11.

6

5. Short cuts for LCM of Fractions

multiplying: Large multipli-

cation should be avoided. = HCF of numerators

LCM of denominators

Instead, look for shortcuts

to do the sums: 7. Simplification: To

(a) To multiply by 99, simplify an expression,

999, 9999 ... : Place as always use the order

many zeroes after the specified in BODMAS:

number and subtract the Brackets, Of, Division,

number. Multiplication, Addition and

(b) To multiply by 5n: Subtraction.

Put n zeroes to the right of 8. Square roots: Learn

the number and divide it by the square roots upto 16

2n. and squares upto 32. Make

6. HCF and LCM: The memory cards to help

HCF of two or more remember these figures.

numbers is the greatest Hot tips:

number that divides each 1. Square roots can be

one of them exactly. approximated by using

r

The LCM of two or more a2 + , where a is the

2a

numbers is the product of nearest root of the number

the highest powers of all and r is the remainder.

the prime factors that occur 4

Hence 85 = 92 + 18 , which

in the numbers.

gives the square root of 85

Product of two

as 9.22 approximately. One

numbers

= HCF LCM. can approximate square

HCF of Fractions roots easily by this method.

2. To square a number,

LCM of numerators . try putting it in the form

=

HCF of denominators (a + b)2.

7

Thus 115 = (100 + 15)

2 2

(Amount of money invested

= 1002 + 152 + 2(100 x 15), by A No. of months

which can be easily invested by A) : (Amount of

computed. money invested by B No.

of months invested by B).

8. Percentages: Learn 12. Shares: It is

the fraction equivalents. important to know the

1 = 25%, 1 = 33%, 1 following terms:

4 3 5 Face value: The price at

1 which shares are issued.

= 20%, = 16% etc.

6 Always a round figure.

Many questions can be Market value: The price

solved faster if we know at which shares are traded.

these figures. Will fluctuate and will

To find growth percent- seldom be a round figure.

age or percentage change, If market value = face

always use: value, the shares are

New Quantity Old quantity

traded at par.

Old Quantity

100 If market value > face

value, the share

9. Averages: Averages commands a premium.

are found by adding up the If market value < face

values and dividing by the value, the share is at a

number of values. discount.

10. Ratio and propor- Return: The interest

tion: Can be written as a : b earned by the shares after

a one year. Always calcu-

or b . If a : b = c : d, then lated on face value.

bc = ad. Yield: Return calculated

11. Partnership: The on what is actually

share of profits divided invested. Calculated by

between two partners is: dividing return by market

8

value. 15. Time and distance:

Brokerage: When you Remember the formula,

buy a share, the buyer has Distance = Speed

to pay the brokerage, Time

which is added to the To convert km/hr into

market price. When shares

are sold, the seller gets the m/s, multiply by 5 .

18

price after the broker To convert m/s to km/hr,

deducts his brokerage 18

from the market price multiply by 5

obtained. To calculate average

13. Profit and Loss:

speed, use the formula:

Profit = SP - CP.

Average speed

Loss = CP - SP.

Gain or loss per cent 2 xy

=

(x + y)

Gain or Loss where x and y are the

= 100

CP speeds.

Marked price is what is To calculate when two

marked in the shop. It is bodies will cross each

neither CP nor SP. other, use the formula:

14. Interest: Distance

Time = .

Relative Speed

P R T

SI =

100 Speed is added when

In compound interest, bodies are going in

R n opposite directions and

A = P(1+ ) .

100 subtracted when bodies

It is advisable never to are going in the same

use this formula but work direction, to find the relative

from simple interest, by speed.

calculating interest on 16. Boats and streams:

interest. A boat rowing in still water

9

at the rate of x km/hr will be he can finish the work in x

affected if it goes into a

days.

stream which is flowing. If

If A is faster than B and

the rate of the stream is y

is twice as good in his

km/hr, the rate of the boat

work, the ratio of the work

when it goes downstream

done by A and B will be

will increase and will be

2:1.

(x + y) km/hr. However, if

However, the ratio of

the boat goes against the

time taken by A and B will

current, its speed will

be in the ratio of 1:2.

decrease and will be given

18. Areas and

by (x - y) km/hr.

volumes:

Rate in still water is

Rectangle A = L B

given by:

a) Area = Length x

1

{(rate with the current) Breadth

2 b) Diagonal2 = Length2

+ (rate against the

+ Breadth2

current)}

Rate of current is given Square

by: Area = Side2

1 1

{(rate with the current) = Diagonal2

2 2

(rate against the current)}. Four walls of a room

Area

17. Time and work: a

= 2(Length+Breadth)

person can do a piece of Height

work in x days, the work Triangle with sides a,

done by him in 1 day will be b, c

1 Area

.

x = s(s - a)(s - b)(s - c)

Conversely, if 1 days

1 1

where s = (a + b + c )

work of a person is x , then 2

10

2 Cube with side x

Volume = x3

Triangle with base b Surface area = 6x2

and height h Longest diagonal = 3x

1 Cuboid with length l,

Area = bh

2 breadth b and height h

Equilateral triangle units

Volume = l x b x h

with side x

3 Surface area =

Area = (x2) 2(lb + bh + lh)

4

Parallelogram Longest diagonal =

Area = Base Height l2 + b2 + h2

Rhombus with Cylinder with radius r

diagonals d1 and d2 and height h

1

Area = (d1 d2) Volume = r 2h

2

Trapezium Curved surface area = 2 rh

1 Total surface area

Area = (sum of

2 = 2rh + 2 r 2

parallel sides) height Sphere with radius r

Quadrilateral with 4

Volume = r 3

diagonal d 3

1 Surface area = 4 r 2

(d)(sum of perpendi-

2 Cone with radius r and

culars on d from opposite height h Volume = 1 r 2h

3

vertices)

Circle with radius r Slant height l = r + h 2

2

Circumference = 2r Curved surface area = rl

Area = r2 19. AP, GP :

Area of sector = r2/360 In AP, to find the nth term

Volumes are given by and sum of the series, use

the following:

the following table:

11

where a is the first term get the series into AP, do

and d is the common the calculations and then

difference.

change into fractions again.

n

Sum = {2a + (n -1)d}, or 20. Probability : If an event

2

n can happen in y ways and

Sum = (a + l)

2 the number of ways that a

where l is the last term. particular event can

In GP, nth term = a.r n-1, occur is x, then the

where r is the common ratio. probability of t he event

Sum of n terms x

happening is .

(rn .1) y

=a if r >1,

r-1 If x is the probability of an

2(1-rn) event happening, the

and if r <1.

1-r

probability that it will not

Sum to infinity, if r <1 ,

happen is (1 x).

of a GP is given by :

S= .

a 21. Permutations and

1-r combinations:

Geometric mean : If two n n!

Pr =

numbers a and b are given, (n-r)!

their geometric mean is

Circular permutations:

given by ab . The number of circular

Harmonic Progression : permutations of n different

The reciprocals of an AP objects is (n1)!

form a harmonic For example, if 20

progression. people are invited to a

1 1 1 1 party, to find out how many

Thus, , , , , ... ways can they and the host

3 6 9 12

be seated at a circular

12

table, since there are 21 23. Clocks: A clock has

people to be seated a dial divided into 60

around a circular table. So minutes. Each minute will

the number of ways that thus subtend an angle of 6

they can be seated around at the centre, since total

it is 20!. circle is 360. Each five-

Combinations: The minute interval subtends a

number of combinations of 30 angle.

n distinct objects taken r at A minute hand moves 6

a time, is given by:

every minute. The hour

n n! hand moves a distance of 5

Cr =

r! (n-r)! minutes or 30 in one hour.

22. Calendar: Every In one minute, he

30 1

year which is divisible by 4 moves 60 degrees, or 2 .

is a leap year. Every fourth

century is a leap year but In one hour, the minute

no other century is a leap hand moves 60 minutes,

year. Thus 400, 800, 1200 while the hour hand moves

and so on are leap years 5 minutes. The minute

but 700, 900, 1100 are not hand thus gains 55 minutes

leap years, even though over the hour hand.

they are divisible by 4. 24. Logs: The following

To solve calendar sums, rules are important:

the number of odd days will 1. Log of 1 to any base

give the answer as to the is 0. 0

day of the week that a (x = 1 for any x).

particular day should be. 2. Log of any number to

The week starts with the same base is 1. 1

Sunday (0 odd day) and (Loga a = 1, since a =

goes till Saturday (6 odd a).

days). 3. Log of any number is

13

the sum of the logs of its then

factors. dy

(log mn = log m + log = v.du + u.dv.

dx

n). u

5. If y = where u and v

4. Log of a fraction is the v

log of numerator minus log are functions of x, then

of denominator. (log m = dy d.du-u.dv

= .

log m - log n).

n dx v2

dy

6. (a) If y = e x, then = e x.

x

5. Log a = x log a. dx

6. Loga b x logb a = 1 dy

25. Calculus: Rules for (b) If y = a x, then

dx

derivatives: = a x log a.

1. The derivative of a (c) If y = logex,

constant is zero. If y = 10,

dy 1

= 0, since it does not then = .

dx x

change with respect to x. (d) If y = loga x,

dy

2. If y = xn, then dy 1

dx then = = log a.

dx x

= n.xn-1.

3. The derivative of a

term equals the derivative

GEOMETRY

1. Parallel Lines: The

of each term added

following rules are useful:

together.

(i) Corresponding

y = x 2 +2x -1,

If angles are equal.

dy d 2 (ii) Alternate angles are

then = (x )

dx dx equal.

+ d (2x) - d (1) (iii) Interior angles on

dx dx the same side are

= 2 x + 2.

supplementary.

4. When y = u.v where u 2. Triangle: A triangle is

and v are functions of x, a three sided figure. It has

14

the following properties: Theorem of Appolonius:

(i) The sum of all the Sum of the squares of two

angles is 180. sides of 2 a triangle =

(ii) The exterior angle is 2(median)2 + 2(half the

equal to the sum of the third side) .

interior opposite angles. The orthocentre is the

There are 6 exterior point where the three

angles of the triangle. altitudes of the triangle

(iii) An interior and meet.

exterior angle is The circumcentre is the

supplementary. point where the

(iv) The sum of any two perpendicular bisectors of

sides is always greater than all the sides meet. A circle

the third side. drawn with the

(v) The difference of any circumcentre as the centre,

two sides is always less can circumscribe the

than the third side. triangle.

(vi) The side opposite The incentre is the point

the greater angle will be the where the three bisectors

greatest side. of a triangle meet. The

(vii) A triangle has at inradius of the circle is the

least 2 acute angles. perpendicular distance

A median of a triangle is from the incentre to any of

the line from a vertex to the the sides of the triangle.

midpoint of the opposite The incentre divides the

side. The centroid is the bisector of any angle in the

point at which the medians ratio of (b+c) : a.

of the triangle meet. The Angle bisector

centroid divides the theorem: The bisector of

medians in the ratio 2:1. any angle of a triangle

The median bisects the divides the opposite side in

area of the triangle. the ratio of the two adjacent

15

sides. Pythagoras is repeatedly

Area of a triangle: used, which states that the

There are 2 ways to find the square of the hypotenuse

area of a triangle: equals the sum of the

1

(a) Area = (base)(height) squares of the other two

2 sides.

(b) s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c) The median to the

hypotenuse bisects the

where a,b,c are the sides of hypotenuse, which is also

the triangle and the circumradius of the

s = a+b+c . triangle.

2 Pythagorean triplets:

The following are some

The isosceles triangle: examples of Pythagorean

Is a triangle in which two triplets:

sides are equal and two 3, 4, 5

angles are also equal. 5, 12, 13

Equilateral triangle: Is a 7, 24, 25

triangle in which all sides 8, 15, 17

are equal and all angles are 9, 40, 41

also equal (60). 11, 60, 61

Height = 3 side.

12, 35, 37

2 16, 63, 65

3 side 2. 20, 21, 29.

Area =

4 Congruency: Two trian-

1

Inradius = (height) gles are congruent if:

3 1. Two sides and the

Circumradius = 2 (height). included angle of one

3 triangle are respectively

equal to the two sides and

Right angled triangle:

the included angle of the

The Theorem of second triangle (SAS).

16

2. Three sides of the first hypotenuse separates the

are respectively equal to triangle into two triangles

the three sides of the which are similar to each

second triangle (SSS). other and to the original

3. Two angles and a triangle.

side of the first are Midpoint theorem: The

respectively equal to the line joining the midpoints of

two angles and one side of any two sides of a triangle

the other triangle (AAS). is parallel to the third side

4. The hypotenuse and and equal to half of it.

one side of a right angled Basic proportionality

triangle are respectively theorem: A line parallel to

equal to the hypotenuse one side of a triangle

and one side of another divides the other two sides

right angled triangle (RHS). proportionally. In the figure,

Similarity: Two triangles

DE is parallel to BC. Then,

are similar if:

AD/BD = AE/EC.

1. Three angles of one

triangle are respectively 3. Polygons: A polygon

equal to three angles of the is any closed plane figure.

second (AAA). A triangle is a polygon with

2. Two angles of one 3 sides, a quadrilateral with

triangle are respectively 4 sides, a pentagon with 5

equal to two angles of the sides and a hexagon with 6

second (AA). sides. A polygon with

3. Two sides of one infinite sides is a circle.

triangle are proportional to A regular polygon is one

two sides of the other and which has all sides and

the included angles are angles equal.

equal (SAS). In a polygon, the sum of

In a right angled all the interior angles is

triangle, the altitude to the (2n 4) right angles.

17

Area = 1 (perimeter)

the centre of the circle to

2 the mid-point of a chord is

(perpendicular from centre perpendicular to the chord.

to any side). Equal chords are

Quadrilaterals : In a equidistant from the centre.

The reverse is also true.

quarilateral, the sum of all

4. There is only one

four angles is 360. circle that can pass

Area = 1(diagonal) through three non-collinear

2 points.

(sum of perpendiculars 5. Tangents drawn from

on it from opposite an external point are equal.

vertices) 6. The angle subtended

by an arc of a circle at the

Straight lines joining the

centre is double the angle

midpoints of the adjacent

subtended by it at any

sides of any quadrilateral point on the remaining part

forms a parallelogram. of the circle.

4. Circles: Some 7. Angles in the same

qualities of circles are given segment are equal.

below. 8. The angle in a semi

1. A tangent touches a circle is a right angle.

circle at only one point. A 9. In a cyclic

quadrilateral, the sum of

chord is any line joining

the opposite angles is

any two points on the 1800. If one side of cyclic

circle. When the chord quadrilateral is produced,

passes through the centre, then the exterior angle is

it becomes the diameter. equal to the interior

2. A tangent is opposite angle. The

perpendicular to the radius. quadrilateral formed by

3. A perpendicular from angle bisectors of a cyclical

18

quadrilateral is also cyclic. TRIGONOMETRY

10. Equal arcs make In a right angled

equal chords. triangle, three ratios must

11. When two circles be learnt:

touch, their centres and the 1. Sin A

point of contact are = Opposite/ Hypotenuse

collinear. If they touch 2. Cos A

externally, the distance = Adjacent/Hypotenuse

between their centres is 3. Tan A

equal to the sum of radii = Opposite/Adjacent

and if the cicles touch

Some important ratios

internally, the distance

are given in the following

between the centres equals

table:

the difference of the radii.

12. If from the point of Angle Ratio

contact of a tangent, a Sin Cos Tan

chord is drawn then the 0 0 1 0

angle which the chord

makes with the tangent is 1 3 1

30

equal to the angle formed 2 2 3

by the chord in the 1 1

45 1

alternate segment. 2 2

3 1

13. Area of the circle is r 2. 60 3

2 2

Area of sector with angle 90 1 0 unde -

fined

= r2 .

360

19

ALGEBRA 2

c) If b 4ac is zero, then

Quadratic equations:

2 the roots are real and

The equation ax + bx + c equal. 2

= 0 where a, b, c are real d) If b 4ac is negative,

numbers and a 0 , is a the roots are complex and

quadratic equation. unequal.

Quadratic equations can 2

The value of b 4ac is

be solved by factorising. called the discriminant.

Two solutions are obtained, If and are the roots

which are also called roots

of the equation. of a quadratic equation

2

If the equation ax + bx ax 2 + bx + c = 0, then

+ c = 0 cannot be

factorised, the roots are -b c

+= and =

obtained by the formula a a

x= remember the following

2a

formulae:

If and are the roots so 2 2

1. (x+y) = x + 2xy +

obtained, then 2

y.

2 2 2

b + b 2 4ac 2. (x-y) = x 2xy + y .

x= 2 2

2a 3. (x+y) (xy) = 4xy.

2 2 2

4. (x+y) +(xy) = 2(x

b b 2 4ac 2

= x= + y ).

2a 3 3 3

5. (x+y) = x + y

2

a) If b 4ac is positive, +3xy(x+y).

3

the roots and are both real 6. (xy) =

3

and unequal.

2

x y33xy(xy).

b) If b 4ac is a perfect 2 2

7. x y = (x+y)(xy).

square, then the roots are 8. x

3

+ y

3

=

rational and unequal. 2 2

(x+y)(x +y xy).

20

3 3 2

9. x y = (xy)(x + y

2

n(AB).

+ xy). For three sets,

2 2 n(AUBUC) = n(A) + n(B) +

10. (x + y + z) = [x +

2 2 n(C) n(AB) n(BC)

y + z +2(xy +yz + xz)]. n(CA) + n(ABC).

3 3 3

11. x +y + z 3xyz =

2 2 2

(x + y + z)(x +y + z xy

DATA

yz zx).

12. If x + y + z = 0, INTERPRETATION

3 3 3

then x + y + z = 3xyz. Steps to do DI

The converse is also questions:

true. 1. Spend half a minute

to look at the table or

Surds and indices: The graph. Note the years to

following formulae are which the data refers to

useful:m and the units. Sometimes

n m+n

1. a a = a . the figures may be given in

am thousands while the

2. = a mn. answer may be in millions,

an

3. (a m )n = a mn.

resulting in mistakes.

a 2. Make sure you

4. (ab)n = a nb n and ( )n understand what the table

b

an says and what it does not.

= n. 3. The level of approxi-

b

mation that can be done is

5. a 0 = 1.

assessed from the choices.

6. n a = a1/n. If the answers are wide,

7. na.b = na. nb. time should not be wasted

Sets: in working out exact

n(AUB) = n(A) + n(B). figures. If the choice none

If the sets intersect, then of the above exists, a close

n(AUB) = n(A) + n(B) approximation may be

21

required. is sufficient to answer the

4. Read the question question. The second

carefully. It will give an statement must be similarly

indication as to which row checked. If it is not

and column should be sufficient, it must be

seen. checked whether the

5. There may be one or answer can be provided by

two very large questions combining it with the

requiring calculations. second.

Attempt these at the last. 4. Read the second

6. Revise bar charts, pie statement while completely

charts, statistics and ignoring the first. This is

graphs before attempting important, otherwise the

DI questions. data in the first will

influence your answer.

DATA SUFFICIENCY 5. After both statements

Steps to solve DS have been considered

questions: individually, combine them

1. Read the statement to see whether the answer

carefully and understand is obtained by combining

the question that must be them. This step is not

answered. necessary if each

2. Read the first piece of statement is sufficient

data provided, while independently to answer

completely ignoring the the question.

second. If you read 6. Do not waste time

everything at once, it will be trying to solve a problem;

difficult to arrive at an you are only to determine

answer. whether the information is

3. Can the question be sufficient to solve the

answered on reading the problem. The exact answer

first statement only? If so, it is not required.

22

7. Sometimes choices

help. If you are sure about

the first statement, the

answer can be A or D. If

you are sure about the

second one, the answer

can be B or D. Looking at

the choices at this stage

will help you tick the right

choice.

8. When geometric

figures are given, do not

assume things going by

the look of the figures. An

angle may look like 90

degrees, but the data

provided may make it just a

little more or a little less

than a right angle. Similarly,

a triangle may look

isosceles, but the data

provided may be

otherwise. Remember, the

figures may not be drawn

to scale.

9. Note that data

sufficiency problems are

time savers since they do

not require long

calculations. So they

should be attempted first.

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