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Tsunami

A tsunami is a very large sea wave that is generated by a disturbance along the ocean
floor. This disturbance can be an earthquake, a landslide, or a volcanic erruption. A General
tsunami is undetectable far out in the ocean, but once it reaches shallow water, this statement
fast-traveling wave grows very fast.

Tsunami occurs when a major fault under the ocean floor suddenly slips. This
displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle, producing powerful water
waves at the ocean surface. The ocean waves spread out from the vicinity of the Explanation
earthquake source and move across the ocean until they reach the continental shelf,
the part of the Earths crust that slopes, or rises, from the ocean floor up to the land.

Tsunami wash ashore with often disastrous effects such as severe flooding, loss of lives
Closing
due to drowning, and damage to property.

1. When does a tsunami occur?


Your answer: ..............................................................................................................

2. The displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle.


The word it refers to ...................................................................................................

3. Mention some disastrous effects of tsunami.


Your answer: ..............................................................................................................

Read the following text. Then answer the questions.

An acronym is a word formed from the initial syllables or letters of other words or phrases, as
radar from radio detecting and ranging. While an abbreviation is commonly read letter-by-letter
as SMS, Short Message Service, an acronym is read as a word. Acronyms are intended to facilitate
communication and quick understanding. In this modern world, they are too important for anyone
to ignore.
Many people must have heard the name ADIDAS. But how many of you would know that this
term represents All Day I dream of Sports?
There are many acronyms around us. Many more new acronyms are being created everyday. The
most creative are those who are engaged in the field of coining new acronyms.
This is a story about a female executive at a forwarding company who sent a lengthy report to her
boss, a middle-aged gentleman.

Acting too smart, the man returned the report to the lady with a short memo saying, Want to get the report
approved, youll have to KISS.
Getting very angry, the lady went straight to the managing directors office. She strongly complained and
threatened unless certain actions were taken against her boss, she would have no alternatives but to resign
from her present job. Actually nothing was really serious because KISS in the bosss note means Keep It Short
and Sweet.

Learning about acronyms is exciting, isnt it? Perhaps you can try to coin your own acronyms.

1. What is an acronym?
Your answer: ..............................................................................................................

2. What makes an acronym different from abreviation?


Your answer: ..............................................................................................................